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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



[ 3 1833 01723 9838 

GENEALOGY 
974 
N42NA 
1880 



T H JE 

V 



N E W -ENG LA N D 



pslm'ieal aift iateatogbal Register, 



PUBLISHED QUARTERLY, BY THE 



Xcft>=Su£latft historic, Gfenealosical Society, 



** f 



FOR THE YEAR i860. 



VOLUME XXXIV 




BOSTON: 
! 

I PUBLISHED AT THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, IB SOMERSET STREET. 
Feinted by David Qu&v & Son. 

1880. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2012 



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1880. 

JOHN WARD DEAN, JEREMIAH COLBURN, 

LUCIUS R. PAIGE, WILLIAM B. TRASK, 

EDMUND F. SLAFTER, HENRY F. WATERS, 

HENRY H. EDES. 



Editor, 

JOHN WARD DEAN. 



John Ward Dean, A.M. (Editor), Jeremiah Colbvrn, A.M., 
Lucius U. Paige. D.D., William B. Trask, 

Edmund F. iSLAFTEn, A M., Henry H. Edes, 

Henky F. Waters. A B. 



CONTENTS -JANUARY, 1880. 



Illustrations . 



1. Portrait of AMOS LAWRENCE {to face page 9). 

2. Gravestone of Nicholas Upsall, p. 27. 

3. Gravestone of Dorothy Upsall, p. 27. 
I. Sketch of the Life of Amos Lawrence. By the Rev. Solon IV. Bush . . 9 

II. Record of the Boston Committee of Correspondence, Inspection and 
Safety. ( Continued. ) Printed by permission of Samuel F. McCleary* Esq. 
City Clerk H 

III. Nicholas Upsall. By Augustine Jones, Esq ,*,.'. 21 

IV. Longmeadow Families. {Continued.) Com. by Willard S. Allen. A.M. . 31 
V. Whittingham Genealogy. By Mrs. Caroline H. Dall 34 

VI. Births. Marriages and Deaths in Lyme, Ct. (Concluded.) Com. by the 

late Rev. Frederick W Chapman, A.M 37 

VII. King's Arms Tavern. Boston. With Suggestions for Indexing Public Rec- 
ords. By Jo h >i T. Hassam, A.M 41 

VIII. Tappan Genealogy. By Herbert Tappan, i^q. 4& 

IX. Letter of Rev. Thomas Prince, of Boston, 1733. Corn, by John J. Loud, A.M. . 58 
X. William Johnson and his Descendants. (Continued.) By G. W.Johnson, GO 

XL Genealogical Letter of John Qlincv Adams. Com. by the Rev. Horace E. 

Hayden 6b 

XII. Genealogy of Thomas Williams of Xf.v,- Hartford, X. Y. Bv George H. 

Williams, Esq. "... 69 

; . XIII. Letters of Charles Lidget and Francis Foxceopt, 1692. {Continued.) 

Com. by JohnS. H.Fogg, M.D .".'... 77 

| XIV. Marriages by the Rev. Benjamin Colman, 1715. Com. by Henry F. Wa- 
ters, A.B 83 

XV. Records of the Ret. Samuel Danforth of Rox:>vry. Com. by William 

B. Trash, Esq. 84 

XVI. Mission of Penkallow and Atkinson to the Penobscot Indians. Com. by 

the late Ca.pt. William F Goodwin, VS. A. ". 90 

XVII. Mabriages in Boston By Several Clergymen, 1701— 1743 . .94 

XVIII. Account Books of the Fikst Church in Charlestown. Com. by James 

F. Hunnetoell, Esq. 97 

XIX. Notes and Queries: 

Notes.— Jenness, 93 ; Dolor Davis, 98; Shapleigh ; Bonighton ; Bigeiow, 99; 
Pelham; Forsyth; Emery; Eight generations ieen by one person; Arnold; 
Tappan, J 00. 

Qiteries. — Woodward, 100; Mereen ; Standisb, Ring. Johnson, Seabury ; 
Paine, Kenvon ; Cashing; Wainwright; Gregory, Knight, 10J_; Ballantine's 
Biarv ; Coie ; Kingsbury; Merrill; White; Stveeter, Jones, Wight, Basconi, 
Pond, L02. 

Ripliea. — Porter and Bradsrreet., 102; Harvard College Commencements; 
Bin -ham, i03. 

Announcements. — History of Wesieyan Academy; Biography of Walter Gen- 
da!l ; Inscriptions in Gloria Dei Churchyard ; Genealogies in Preparation, 103; 
Town Histories in Preparation, 104 . * 93, 98—104 

XX. Societies and their Proceedings: 

Mam. - ; Historical Society, 104; New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 
104; Rhode Island Historical Society, 105; Old Colony Historical Society; 
Delaware Historical Society, 106 " 101-106 

XXL Necrology of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society: 

Hon. Asahei Peck, 106; Hon. William P. Haines, Peter Hobart, 107; Austin 
Sumner, Rev. William I. Budington, Samuel I. Parker, 108 



XXII. 


Book Notices 


XXIII. 


Li si cf Recent Public atj 


XXIV. 


Deaths 



106- 


-108 


!09 


-122 


12J 


-126 




126 



Elw llcii'-tfmilutul -Tu.storual and (Genealogical gUgifter, 

esigned to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and decaying records of the 
>mestic, civil, literary, religions and political life of the people of the United States, and particu- 
rly of New England, is published quarterly by the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 
pstort, on the first day of January, April. July and October, at §>3 a year in advance, or 75 cts. 
4au.Ti.ber. Each number contains not less than 96 octavo pages, with a portrait oh Bteel. Address,, 
bus Ward Dean. Editor, 18 Somerset Street, Boston. Muss. 

i J£T Entered at the Post-Office at Boston, M&gsachusfctfcs, as second-class mail-matter. 

I 
! 

i 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION. 

John Wakd Btban, A.M. (Editor), Jeremiah Colburn, A.M 
Lucius R. Paige. D.D., William B. Trask, 

Edmvxd F. Slafter, A M., Henry H. Edes, 

Henry F. Waters, A.B. 



IT. 

JI. 

II. 

:v. 
:v. 

VI. 

HI. 

HI. 



IX. 






m. 



XII. 

air. 

civ. 



CONTENTS — APRIL, I860. 

Illustration: • - 

Portrait of JOHN A. VINTON (to : fads page 127). 
Sketch of the Life of the Rev. John A. Vinton, A.M. Bv the Rev. Increase 
* N. Tarbox, D.D. . . . 

Bristol Church Records, 1687 to 1710. Communicated by George T. Paine 



Annual Address before the N. E. Historic, Genealogical Society, 



oy 



the, President, Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D. . 

Who is a Gentleman ? By John D. Champiin, Jr.. A.M 

How to write Town Histories. By the Hon. Charles Hudson, A.M. 
Records of the Rev. Samuel Danforth of Roxrury. (Continued.) Com. 

by William B. Trask, Esq 

Record of the Boston Committee of Correspondence. Inspection and 

Safetv. (Continued.) Printed by permission of Samuel F. Mc Clear y, Esq. 

City Clerk • . . . . . . 

Genealogy of the Family of ZvTulford. Com. by William R. Mulford, Esq. 
Portraits of New Hampshire Governors and others. (Concluded.) By 

the Hon. Benjamin F. Prescott 

Seals in the Collection of Mellen Chamberlain. Bv the Committee on 

Heraldry X. E. H. G S 

Letter from the Earl of Bei.lomont. Com. by William B. Trash, Esq. . 
Early Records of New Hampshire Families. (Corrections.) Corn, by the 

Rev. Alonzo H. Quint, D.D.' " . 

Longmeadow Families. (Continued.) Com. by Willard S. Allen, A.M. 
Marriages in Boston bv Several Clergymen (Continued), 1702-1719. 

Com. by William S. Appleton, A.M 

A Sketch of the Howlands. By L. M. Hoteland 

Letter of Walter Barnes ley op London, io67j to William Pitkin vf 

Hartford. Com. by Edicin Hubbard, Esq 

Descendants oi Benedict Arnold • 

Births, Marriages and Deaths in Dartmouth. (Continued.) Com. by 

James B. Congdon, Esq. 

Notes and Queries : 

Notes. — Hilton ; Sanderson : Hnntlv ; Phonetic Representation of Indian 
Languages; Thomas Genn, 199 ; Michael Welsh; Collections of Portraits; 
John Libby, 200; Aaron Hutchinson; Notes ami Queries and Historical Arti- 
cles in Newspapers ; Bacon not Baker, 201 ; Hall not Hale, 202. 

Queries. — Shaw ; Billerica Queries . St. Aspinquid ; Boston Post Office, 202 ; 
Windham Canada; Pierce; Massachusetts Muster Rolls; Sloop stolen in 1711 
from Y u-k Harbor, 203; Allen ; Whittemore, 204. 

Repli i. — Gray, 201; Batt; Cotton or Munu ? Hope-Hood; Baldwin, Shaw, 
Starr, 205. 

Announcements —Celebration of Discovery of Falls of St. Anthony; Massa- 
chusetts 23d Regiment; Memoir of Joshua Fry ; Sketch of Elder Daniel Mix; 
Genealogies in Preparation, 206 

Societies and their Proceedings: 
New England H istorie, Genealogical Society, 206 
ciety, 208; Old Colony Historical Society, 208 ; 
Society , 208; Delaware Hist >rical Society, 209; Alabama Historical Society. 

Necrology of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society: 
William Tuned Andrew-. A.M., 209; Hon. Isaac Livermore ; Prof. John 
Johnston, LL.D., 210; Rev. Calvin Durfee, D.D., 211; Gen. Joshua Newhull; 
Gitstavus Adolphus Soraerby, Esq., 212 . ,**. — 

Book Notices 

Lisr of Recent Publications 

Deaths 



127 
132 

139 
154 
158 

1G2 



181 

184 
185 

186 

187 

190 

192 

194 

196 

19S 



Weymouth Historical So- 
Rhode Island Historical 
209 



199-206 



106-209 



209-213 
213-234 
234-236 
236-233 



Z\xt gctv-tgUQlaud gjSstortatt awl (genealogical Agister, 



igned to gather i 
lestic. civil., lite 



in a permanent form the scattered and d< 



ft UglOUS and po 



ing records of the 

Tales, and particu- 



cal life of the people ot the United 
r of New England", is published [uarterly by the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 
£on, on che first day of January, April, July and October, at $3 a year in advance, or 75 cts. 
Ember. Each number contains not less rhan 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on steel. Address, 
01 WARD Deax, Editor, IS Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 

fp 3 Entered at 'he Posf-Office at Boston, Massachusetts, as second-class mail-matter. 



: 



j 

1 ' 



•< 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION. 

John Ward Dean, A.M. (Editor), Jeremiah Colbubn, A.M. 
Lucius II. Paige. D.I).. William B. Trask, 

Edmund F. Slafter, A M., Henry H. Edes, 

Henky F. Waters, A.B. 





p. 2GS. 
p. 268. 
p. 2GS. 
p. 276. 
p. 280. 
p. 2S1. 










Bi 


' George 


R 


Hi 


well, 


Esq. 



I ; CONTENTS — JULY, 1880. 

?** Illustrations: 

1. Portrait of JOEL MUNSELL {to face page 239). 

2. Autograph of William Horsham, 

3. Autograph of Jonathan Hashara, 

4. Autograph of Jonathan Kassana, 
• 5. Friends' Marriage Certificate, ItSS, 

6. Head-Stone of Capt. Hugh Mason. 

7. Foot-Stone of Capt. Hugh Mason; 
I. Biographical Sketch of Joel Munsell. By George R Howell, Esq. . .■ 239 

t' II. Munsell Gexealhoy. By Frank Munsell 246 

; III. B.ECORDS of the Boston Committee of Correspondence. Ixspectiox and 
Safety. (Concluded.) Printed~by permission of Samuel F. McCleary, Esq. 

City Clerk * 251 

I IV. Gray axo Coytmore. Com. by William S. Appletoii, A.M 253 

{• V. Bristol Chvkch Recokls. 17 JO to 1723. Coin, by -George T. Pairie> Esq. . 259 - 

VI. Loxgmeadow Families. {Continued.) Com. bv Wittard S. Allen, A.M. . 264 

EVIL Petition or William Horsham, 16SL Com. by John T. Hassan, A.M. . 267 

VIII. Taxes under Gov. Andf.os. (Continued.) Town Rate of Chariestown. Com. 

by Walter Lloyd Jeffries, AB; . ' ■ 269 I 

■IX. Marriage Certificate of John Tucker, 168S. Com. bv Edward T. Tucker,M.I>. 277 

} X. The Cumberland Cruiser. Com. by the Rev. B.F. DeCosia . . . . 278 

| XI. Capt. Hugh Mason's Gravestones. Corn, bv Benjamin Osgood Peirce . . 280 

PCII. The Edglp.lt Family. Com. bv James A. Edgerlg, E?q. .•■•■■'. . . 2S2 

Kill. The Great Boston Fire of 1760". Com. by Peter E. Vose, Esq. . ... £83 1 

XIV. Hallowell, Me., and its Library. Com. by Samuel L. Boardman^ Esq. . 293 f 

XV. Records of the Rev. Samuel Danfobth of Roxbury. (Continued.) Com. 

by William B. Trash, Esq 297 J 

K.VI. Churchill Genealogy. Com. by Frank F. Starr 301 

tVH. Peti rrox or the Friends or Quakers to the French National Assembly, | 

1791. Com. by Frederick C. Sanford, Esq 304 

will. Schools in the Last Century. Com. bv the Hon. Joseph Williamson . . 30S. 
XIX. Record of the Rev. John Cotton, 1691 to 1710. Com by John S. H. Fogg, M.D. 310 \ 

XX. Indenture of Apprenticeship, 1747. Com. by Miss Harriet E. Henshaw . 311 J 

XX I. Notes and Queries : 

Notes.—- Woodward, 312 : Indexing ; Shirley's County of Monaghan ; 
; Symmes ; Rev. Robert Gutch, 313 ; Atkins,314i 

Queries. — Canterbury queries; Pierce, 314: Little; Horton ; Timelier ; 
Dodge, 315. 

Announcements, — Works in preparation by C. W. Tnttle; Second Edition of . 
Pre bl r's American Flag, 31-5; Muzzey's Revolutionary Reminiscences ; New- 
port Historical Magazine; Town Histories in Preparation; Genealogies in 
Preparation, 316 ^ 312-317 

LXII. Societies and their Proceedings: 

New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 317; New England Methodist 
Historical Society; Prince Society ; Weymouth Historical Society, 320 ; Rhode 
Island Historical Society ; Nova Scotia Historical Society ; Old Colony His- 
torical Society ; Delaware Historical Society, 321 : Virginia Historical Society ; 
Minnesota Historical Sot iety; American Geogr; phical Society, 322 # . 317-322 

EXIII. Necrology of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society : 

George W. Wheelwright. 322; John M. Brodhead, M.D., 323; Eli Wash- 
bum , Stephen Sheplev, 324; Rev. George Punehard; Rev. Moses H. Wilder, 
325: Rev. Edward G. Russ< II; Hon. John S. Sleeper, 326; Thomas'D. Town- 
send ; Benjamin Sewall, 327 ; Hon. George A. Brayton; Rev. Joseph M. Fi- 
notti, 328 ; Joel Munsell, 329 . 322-329 

LXIVV Book Notices * . . 329-343 

XXV. List of Recent Publications . . . ... . . . 344-315 

IXVI. Deaths 346 



iTIic gctt-ettijland tutorial and <S*ttaI##u:al <&t#ittxt, 

jsigned to gather up and place in h permanent form the scattered and decaying records of the 
imestic, civr!, literary, religious and political life oi the people of the United States, and particu- 
rly <m' New Englan ., is published quarterly by th< New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 
)s'ton, on the first lay of .Tan n rv, v - T •' ■■■ '■ ' rcmer, at S3 a vear in advance, or 75 cts. 

numbi r. ! I, mini >er nnivu'nsnui :• »s than 9 I octavo ;•:.'.:•-, with a portrait on steels Address, 
hx \\ aud Dean, Editor, IS Som rset street. Bom m\ ZIuss. 

O 3 Entered at the Post-Office ar Boston., Massachusetts, as second-class mail-matter. 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION. 

Joiisr Ward Deax, A.M. (Editor), Jeremiah Coi.hcrn, A.M., 
Lucius 11. Paige. D.D., William B. Trask, 

Eomuxd F. Sla'ftkr, A M., Henry H. Edes, 

Henry F. Waters, A B. 



CONTENTS — OCTOBER, 1880. 

%* Illustration : 

I. Portrait of HENRY KNOX {to face page 317). 
•■I. Memoir of Gex. Henry Knox. By Francis S. Drake, Esq. .... 347 

II. Records of the Rev. Samuel Danforth of Roxbcry. (Concluded.) Com. 

by William B. Trask, Esq. &>gfi 

III. Memoir of Col. Seth Warner. By trie Hon. Walter 'Harri man . . . 363 

IV. Taxes undek Gov. Axdros. (Continued.) Lystable Estates in Lyme, Conn. 

Com. by Walter Lloyd Jeffries. A B. .,..,..• 3"i 

V. Capt. Cogan's Expedition to Pigvvacket. Com. by Horace '3Ia>m f Esq. . 3S2- 

VI. Letters of Sir William Pepperrell, Bart. Com. by V. J Herrick, Km] . 384- 
VII. Fisher's Account of the First Settlers of Bluehill, Me, Com, by the 

Hon. Joseph Williamson \ . 3-;.) 

•.VIII. The Bell Family Record. Com. by J. Gardner White, A.M. . . . 386 

IX. Longmeadow FAMILIES. {Continued.) Com. by WillardS. Allen, A.M. . ZSS 

X. Number of Births in Neaybury', Mass., 1039 to 17 in .... . .. 3^ c j 

XT. The Slocum Genealogy. By Charles E. Stocvm, M.D.,Pb.D, . . . 3.^1 

XII. Dedham and Stoughton. Com. by. Jeremiah Colburn. A M. . . , 39$ 
XIII. Diaries of Samuel Thompson, Esq., of Woburn, Mass. bv William R. i y ut- 

ter, Esq. - . . . * . . . , 2$l 

XIY. The Youngman Fa.mil v. By David Yoxmgmari, M.D. . ... . . 101 

XV. Census of Bristol, 1689, Com. by George T.Paine, Esq. ..... 4#| 

XVI. Records of Dartmouth, Mass. Com. by the late James B. Congdon . . 40 G 

XVII. Notes and Queries : 

Xoies. — Richard Leader ; Brooks and Earlier ; Richard Stockton ; Ezra Stiles ; 
Soldiers from Canterbury, r, t., 407; Early Massachusetts Emigration to Dela- 
ware; Janus Lenox, 408; Bait, 409. 

Queries.— -Joanna Butler; Cotton. 409; Merrill; Easton ; Lillv; Child and 
Parker; Child and Ball; Pcllett; Hopkins, 410 : Lothrop; Parker; Thong :- 
King, 411. ; 

Replies. — The'Rev Benjamin Woodbridge, 411. t 

Announcements. — The Philobibiion ; G. D. Scull, 411 ; Charles E. Bunks, 
M.D. ; Genealogies io Preparation, 412 . ." . . . . . 407-414. 

XV11I. Societies and their Proceedings: . | 

New England Historic, Genealogical Society; Rhode Island Historical Society, 
413; Virginia Historical Society, 414; Alabama Historical Society; Minnesota 
Historical Society, 415 ...... 4?3--V~ ; 

XIX. Necrology ou the New-Esgland Historic, Genealogical Society: 

Hon. Hampden Cutts, 415 ; John E. Lyon, 116 ; Hon. Jacob H. Lend, John 

II. Wright, M.D., 417; Walter Hastings, 418; Stephen P. Rnggles, 419 415-4 

XX. Book Notices 4L&-4J 

XXI. List of Recent Publications ' . - 434-43J 

XXII. Deaths .' 43< 






Historical and Genealogical Books for Sale. — A few copies of the following vatuabh 
books .-—Clark'- (Genealogy of Chirk, $400 (by mail, 1 16) : Cushman Genealogy," £5.00 (hy 
mail, 5.2o) ; Holt Genealogy, $5. 00 (by mail, 5.16); Goodwin's Siarraganset, No. l! 
$3.00 (by mail, 3.1")) ; Woodman Genealogy, £2.00 (by mail, 2.10) ; Corliss Genealogy 
$5.00, inclu ling postage ; Sheppard's Life of Commodore Tucker^ $2.00 (by maii, 2.13) . 
Bond's Watertovvn (without map), s5.;>0 ; Stebbins Genealogy. 1771 (reprint). $2.00 
Hayes's Wells Genealogy, $400, including postage; Preble Genealogy, by Rear Adm 
Preble, .$15.00 (by mail. 15.25). 

Address John Ward Dean, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 



mxt ilnr-35u.ii (ami gtetorial ami <gtn*atogiral gtegigiter. 

Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and decaying records of th 
domestic, civil, literary, religious and political life oi' iiie people of the United Stiir.es, and p-trriea 
larly of New England, i* published quarterly !.y the New England Historic, Genealogical Society 
Boston, on the first day of January, April, July and October, at S3 a year in. advance, or 7-> et? 
a number. Each number contains not less than !)> octavo pages, with a portrait on steel. Addresi , 
John Ward Dean, Editor, IS Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 

iJJ" Entered at the Post-Office at Boston, Massachusetts, as second-class maii-icatter. 



: 



GENERAL INDEX. 



[Index of Names of Persons at the end of the Volume.] 



Adam3, John Quincy. genealogical letter from, 66 

Address (annual) of President Wilder, 139 

Allen, query. 204 

Andros, Gov., laws under and town rates, 269.. 371 

Arnold Gen^alcry (Benedict), 196; cote, y9 

Atkins, note, 314 

Autographs, (be-. Illustrations.) 

Bacon. Thomas, note, 201 

Baker, Thomas, r.ote, 201 

Banks, Charles E-, note, 412 

Baldwin, note, 205 

Calkntine, John, diary cf, query, 102 

Baptisms and Deaths. (See Records.) 

Barnesley, Walter, letter of (1667), 194 

Bascom. Daniel, query, 102 

Batt, note, 205, 4u9 

Bell family bible, 336 

Bellomont, Earl of, letter from, 185 

Biographical i-ketches of — 

Samuel G. Arnold, 206 

Thomas *f. Brewer, 237 

Francis Blake, 346 

Pamelia A. S. Dearborn, 846 

Denzel M. Crane, 126 

Edward B. Chandler, 237 

Zachariah Chandler, 346 

James B. Congdon, 346 

Sarah K Hibbard, 126 

Parker W. ilorne, 346 

Frank Leslie, 345 

Charles H. Poole, 237 

James Rackleff. 346 

Ad-.lia M. Rockwell, 436 

Charles Rogers, 233 

Rebecca Ricker, 126 

Mary Russell, 233 

Peter Thach r, 233 

Amos Tuck. 238 

Nicholas Up*all, 21 

Algernon a. Washburne, 126 

Thomas Wentworth, 436 

William P. M. Wingate, 238 
Bi^elow Epitaph, 99 
BUIenca notes and queries, 202 
Bingham, answer to query, 103 
Biuehill, Me., fir.t sef.leis, 385 
Bo&i^hcdn, not-, 99 
ttook Notices — 

Adams's Adams and Hastings Families, 432 

Alabama Historical Reporter, 339 

Albee's St. .vspenquid of Mt. Agaraenticus, 118 

Aidrieh's Hi.si-.rv of Walpole, N. if., 430 

Allan's Birds <.f Massachusetts, 427 

Am>Tic;>n An'iquarian, 112, 225 

Ammen's American Lnteroceanic Shin Canal 
question, 222 

Audrey's Life of Daniel Hix, 333 



I Book Notices — 

Antiquiry, The, 228 

Appieton's Sumner Genealogy, 120 

Arnold's Life of Benedicc Arnold, 109 

Arnold at Saratoga, 431 

Aruold Genealogy, by Deao, Drown and Hub- 
bard, 343 

Banks's Sketch Walter Gendall. 312 

Barnes's One Term History, 118 

Baxter's Baxter Genealogy, 432 

Bean's Fishes of Essex County, 427 

BLbliotheca Americana, 117 

Bibliographical Encyclopedia of Massachusetts, 
19th Century, 113, 21S 

Bickneir^ Inscriptions in Barrington, R.I., 234 

Blcdgette's Rowley Church Records, 42b' 

Boston Public Library Bulletin, Jan. — Oct. '79, 
110 

Bradlee's Poem', 341, 425 

Bradlee's Memoir of George II. Gay, 111 ; In 
Menjoriam Julia R. Bradles, 421 

Brock's Richmond, Va., 231 

Buffalo Historical Society Publications, Vol. I., 
225 

Burleigh's Burleigh or Burley Gene?.lugy, 312 

Can ida and the Basques, 229 

Canadian Antiquarian and Numismatic Jour- 
nal, 223 

Canadian History, Prize Questions on, 334 

Canton Memcrial Services, 1879, 114 

Carruth's Carruth Genealogy, 342 

Caverl.v's Caverly Genealogy, 120 

Caverly's Life of John Eliot, 336 

Champliu's Young Folks' Cyclopaedia, 425 

Chamberlin's Vincentown and its Churches, 337 

Chase's Organization and Services of Battery E, 
1st R. I. Light Artillery, 424 

Chipraan's Chipman Lineage, 432 

Circular of Information of Bureau of Education, 
219 

Cleveland's Cleveland Genealogy, 233 

Coffin's (Levi) Reminiscences, 217 

Cogjwr-U's Hi?tory of Heaniker, N. H., 427 

Columbus, Christopher, Remains of— Cocchia'a 
L03 Restos, 213 ; Tejera's Los Restos, 213 ; 
Report or Rcyal Acad, of History of Spain, 213 

Commissioner of Educatioi) ( 1S77), 116 

Cothren's History of Woodbury, Ct., Vol. III., 
113 

Cowley's Reminiscences of Ayer, 112 

Cushing (Caleb) Memorial, 213 

Cutter's History of Arlington, 224 

Danieis's Huguenots in Nipmuck Co., 117 

Davis. Doior, 234 

Davis's Medical Hints as to treating the Voice, 
114 

Denison's Westerly, R. I., for 250 years, 333 

Denuie's (Joseph) Menii.ir, 421 



IV 



General Index. 



Book Notices — 

Denny's Twentv-fiflh Mass. Regiment, 335 
De Peyster's Life of Earl of Bdlomont, 220 
Dexter's Congregationalism of the last 3Q0 year3, 

428 
Dodge Family Re-union and Memorial, 120 
Drake's History of Middlesex County,' 120. 329, 

331 
Drowne's Drowne Genealogy, 120 
Drurv Pedigree, 234 
Eddy's Eddy Genealogy, 234 
Edgerly's Edgeriy Genealogy, 234 
E'der*s Mem.ir of Henry C. Carey, 335 
Ellery's Vernon Genealogies, 120 
Emmerich's Extracts Records of First Church 

of Salem. 426 
Essex Institute, By-Laws and Catalogue of 

Publications, 425 
Farmer's Bilierica, M*>ss., Reprint, 119 
Farriugton Mem' rial. 432 
Faxon's Faxon Genealogy, 342 
Fewkes's Contributions to the Mythology of Ta- 

chyglossa Hystrlx, 427 
Fletcher's Hatch GeneHlocrv. 120 
Fisher's (Elijah) Journal (1775), 338 
Forster's Life of Joseph Montgomery, 333 
Gibbs Family, 233 
Gleanings from English Records about New 

England Families, 422 
Gtornale Araldico-Genealogiea-Diplomat ; eo, 424 
Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 223 
Goddard's Newspapers aud Newspaper Writers 

in New England, 421 
Gould, Zaccheus, Ancestry, 432 
Gravier's Le Globe de Lenox, par De Costa 

(1511), 225 
Gravier's Study of Joliet's Map, 341 
Gray and Coytmore Wills, 432 
Green's early land grants r,f Gr>ton, 112 ; Ad- 
dress at dedicati n of Grot m Monuments, 231 
Greene's History of East Providence. R. I., 431 
Ham's Dover (N H ) Physicians, 117 
Hammatt Papers, 339 
Harriman's History of Warner. N. n , 113 
Harvard University Library Bulletin, 110 
Hart's Notice of Washington's Portrait, 425 
Hennepin's 200th anniversary of discovery of 

Falls of St. Anthony, 4 9 
Hill's Place of the Practical Man in American 

public affairs, 116 
Homers Correct Arms of New Y >rk State, 331 
Hop;. in's Memoir of Henry Arrnitt Brown, 225 
Howell's Parsons Genealogy, 120 
Howel.'s Sketch of Joel Munsell,432 
Hubbard's Biographical Note3 of the Town Fam- 
ily, 432 
Humphreys's Song. Dear Christmas Days, 120 
Huntington's Memorial Address, 425 
Hyde's Britnaeld, Mass., 221 
Ipswich Antiquarian Papers, 119, 230 
Ipswich Sixtieth Anniversary of First Sabbath 

School. 119 
Keyes's Keyes Genealogy, 342 
Kimball's Not -s on Russell and Richardson 

Families, 432 
King's Pocket Dictionary of Cincinnati, 103 
King's Harvard Reciter. 230 
Lancashire and Cheshire Church Surveys (1649 

-65), 221 
Literary World, 425 [223 

Local Gl-^an'njs of Lancashire and Chesh.re, 
Long's .Eneid of Virgil, 115 
Loomis's Loomi3 Genealogy, 342 
Maclean's Antiquity of Man, 224 
Maclean's Mastodon, Mammoth and Man, 224 
Maclean's Mound Builders, 115 
Maes's Life of Charles Nerinckx. 340 
Magazine of American History, 430 
Maoypenr.y's Our Indian Wards, 225 
Marshall's" Building aud Voyage of the Griffin 

(1379), 115 
Martin's History of Chester, Penn., 337 
Martin's Martin Genealogy, 342 
'Marvin's History of Lancaster, Mass., 230 
Massachusetts Historical Collections, Vol. 6, 

6th series, 222 



Book Notices — 

McCartee's Audi Alteram Partem, 425 
MeFarland's Marriages at Old Swedes Church, 

Philadelphia, Penn , 220 
Mills's Sketch of James Upton, 425 
Miller'.-* Cincinnati's beginnings, 119 
Minnesota Historical Society Transactions, 219 ; 

Collections, 429 
MorristowD (N.J.) Records, 341 
Moulton's Lynn Marriages, 426 
Mulford's Mulford Genealogy, 343 
Nt ill's Chapter of American Church History, 230 
Nevvburv port's Statue of Washington, dedica- 
tion of, 117 
Newport Historical Magazine, 431 
Old Times, 339 

Oriental and Bihlical Journal, 341 
Osborne's Enharmonic Keyboard of Prof. Poole, 

427 
Paiue's Paine Family Records, 120, 234 
Paine's List of Books bought at Brinley's sale, 
by American Antiquarian Society ; also Cat- 
alogue of Mather's publications in Society's 
Library, 227 
Peet's Comparison between Archaeology of 

America and Europe, 112 
Pennsylvania Maga7ane of History aud Biogra- 
phy, Vol. III., 227 
Perkins (Henry C.) Memorial, 425 
Perley's History cf Boxford, Mass., 430 
Perry's Second Lambeth Conference, 229 
Philadelphia Numismatia and Antiquarian Soci- 
ety's Repjrt. 1S7S and '79, i22 
Phillips's Notes on Coins a^d Medals, 230 
Premio Real's Commerce between Soain and 

America, 229 
Price's View of Boston (1743), 33S 
Quint's Wa! Iron Genealogy, 120 
F.anck's Address at Centennial Celebration of 

Lexir.gton. Ky., 112 
Reid's History of Early Banking in Vermont, 115 
Bh 'de Island Historical Society's Proceedings 

(1878-79). 228 
Rhode Island Historical Tracts, Nos. 6 & 7, 335 
Rhode Island's Soldiers and SuiLrs, Historical 

Papers. 222, 341 
Rouls's History of Marblebead, Mass., 334 
Robinson's Notes oa Woody Plants, Essex 

Co , Mass., 427 
Rogers's Private Libraries of Provi lence, 233 
Kowell'3 Newspaper Directory, 429 
Rtisse l's Russell Genealogy, 120 
Kyland's Shields of Arms iu Lvmm, co. Ches- 
ter, 223 
Salem Female Employment Society, History, 

425 
Sargent's Weare Family, 120 
Scull's Life of W. Glanville Eve) vn, 216 
Sharpe's History of Seymour, Conn., 114 
Sheppard's Life of Marshall P. Wilder, 118 
Shirley's Stemmata Shirleiana, 419 
Shirley's County of Monoghan, 419 
Slaughter's Bristol Parish, Va., 229 
Staples, Abraham, Meudou, dedication of monu- 
ment to, 120 
Starr'3 Starr Genealogy, 120 
Stearns, Bedford, N. H., Sesqui-Centennial 

Celebration, 228 
Sturbridge Records (1733-1S1G), 339 
Tanevhill's Leatherwood God, ur pretensions of 

Joseph Dylks, 111 
T.-dd's Gist ry of Redding, Ct.. 337 
Tuttle's New Hampshire without a provincial 

government, 111 
Tuttle's Indian Massacre at Fox Point, 113 
L'pham's Letters during the Occupation of 

Boston (1775-76), 425 
Upham's Salisbury Records. 428 
Upton's Solar Lehpse of 1573, 427 
Vick's Floral Gu.de, 231 
Waters's Gedney and Clarke Families, 432 
Waters'* Webb Family, 432 
Watson's Paul Rtvere Signal, 225 
Wheeler's Stebbins Family, Notes, 223 
Whitmore's Ance3trai Tablets, 222 



General Index. 



Book Notices — 

Wide Awake Magazine, Dec 1879, 119 
Wilder's Address, Semi-Centennial, Mass. Hor- 
ticultural Society, 128 ; Amerian Pomological 
Society, IIS 
tnHson*s Memorial of John C. Lee, 425 
"Wisconsin State Historical Society's Collections, 

(1818-79), 332 
Worcester County History, 231 
Wright's History of Plymouth, Penn., 340 
Boston Post-Oihce, query, 202 
Boston Committee sof Correspondence, Inspection 

and Safety Records, 14, 167, 251 
Boston, Kind's Arm3 Tavern in, 41 ; Great fire of 

(1760), 239 ; marriages in, 83, 94, 190 
Bristol (R. I.). Church Records, 32, 259 ; Census 

of (1639), 404 
Brooks— Parker, note, 407 
Butler, Joanna, query, 409 

Canterbury soldiers of in Indian War, 407 ; queries 

of, 314 
Cha'lestown. First Church Account Book, 97 
Charleston Town Rates, 269 
Cheever, Samuel, deposition of, 99 
Child, queries, 410 
Churchill Genealogy, 301 
Clarke, William, statement of, 34 
Cogan, Capt., expedition to Pigwacket (1722), 382 
Cole, Ebenezer, query, 102 
Coleman, Rev. Bet-jamin, marriare record in Boston 

by, 63 
Colton, note, 205 
Co'ton, Rev. John, Record of, 310 ; query, family, 

4(9 
Cumberland Cruiser, 273 
Cushing, Hanoah, query, 101 

Danforth, R?v. Samuel, Roxbury Church Records, 

84, 162. 297, 359 
Davis, Dolor, note, 98 
Dartmouth (Mass.) Records, 19S. 406 
Deaths, current, 126, 236. 34i, 436 
Dedham and Stoughton, Petition of Inhabitants, 396 
Delaware, Massachusetts emigration to, 40S 
Deposition of Samuel Cheever, 99 
Diaries of— John Cogan, 3S2 ; Ezra Stiles, extracts, 

407; Samuel Thompson, 397 
Dodge, query, 315 

f>.?ton, query, 410 
fcdgerly Ge lealogy, 282 

tight gen-., atious seen by one person, note, 100 
Emery lamily gathering, 100 

Emigration, early, from Massachusetts to Dela- 
ware, 408 
Engravings. (See Illustrations.) 
Epitaphs. (See Inscriptions.) 

Falls of Saint Anthony, bi-centenary of their disco- 
re ry, 206 
Forsyth family gathering, 100 
Foxcroft, Ira.icis, letters of, 80, 81 
Fry, Joshua, forthcoming memoir, 206 

Gendall, Walter, forthcoming biography, 103 
Oeneal >(ries — 



Arnold, 196 
Churchill, 301 
Edjrerly, 232 
Rowland, 192 
J hns n, 60 
Mulford, 171 



Munsell, 246 
Slocum, 391 
Tai>pan, 48 
WbiUin^ham, 34 
Williams, 69 
Youngman, 401 



Otjnenlojties in preparation announced- 



Barton, 412 
linnet:, 103 
C Tter, :<16 
Ch»we, 412 
Kv*,„, 412 
F.M',m, 412 
G*r,n :w 
Uilrton, 103,316 
Hall, ^18 



Howland, 206 
Uuhbeil, «2 
Kingsbury, 10-J 
Knight, 103 
Leavitt, 316 
McCallev, 316 
Mead, 316 
Mercer, 103 
Merriam, 412 



Genealogies in preparation announced — 

Morrison, 317 Starr, 412 

Nelson, 317 Steme and McFarlan, 412 

Prince, 412 Thomas, 317 

Sharpe, 317 Thwinsr, 317 

Slocum, 317 Wright, 412 

Smyth, 206 
Genu, Thomas, note, 199 

Gloria Dei Church (Phil.), Inscriptions in, note, 103 
Godfrey, Edward, biography of, note, 316 
Gray and Coytmore wills, 253 
Gray, note, 204 

Great fire in Boston (1760), 2S8 
Gregory, query, 101 
Gutch, Robert, note, 313 

Hall, Hale, note, 202 

Hallcwel! and its library, 293 

Harvard College Commencements, note. 103 

Hilton, note, 199 

Historical articles in newspapers, 201 

Historical Societies, proceedings of — Alabama, 209, 
415; American Geogriphical, 322; Delaware, 
106, 209, 321 ; Maine, 104 ; Minnesota, 322, 415 ; 
New England Historic, Genealogical, 1C4, 206, 
317, 413 •, New England Methodist, 320; Nova 
Scotia, 321; Old Colony, 100, 208, 321; Prince, 
323 ; Rhode Island, 105, 203, 321, *13 ; "Virginia, 
322. 414 ; Weymouth, 208, 321 

Hix, Daniel, note, 206 

Hope Hood, note, 205 

Hopkins, Mary, query, 410 

Horsham, William, petition of (1684), 267 

Horcon, query, 315 

How to write town histories, 158 

Howland Genealogy, 192 

Huntley, note, 199 

Hutchinson, Aaron, note, 201 

Illustrations — 

Autographs. Judah Allen, 276 ; Ephraiui Allen, 
276 ; Mary Allen, 276 ; John Barclay, 276 : 
John Cheshire. 276 ; Margaret Hartshorne, 276 ; 
William Horsham, 268 ; Jonathan Hassam, 
263 ; George Keith, 276 ; Henry Knox, 346 ; 
Amos Lawrence, 9 ; Hannah Lippincott, 276 ; 
Grace Lippincott, 276 ; Abigail! Lippincott, 
279; Margrett Lippincott, 276; John Lippin- 
cott, 276 ; Jacob Lippincott, 276 ; Restore Lip- 
pincotf, 276; Remembrance Lippincott, 276; 
Joel Munsell, 238 ; Ann Potter, 276 ; Tho- 
mas Potter, 276 ; Nathane! Slocum, 276 ; Han- 
nah Slocum, 276 ; Meribah Slocum, 276 ; 
Agnes Sharpe. 276 ; R.u:h Tucker, 275 ; John 
Tucker, 276; Easter Vickers, 276; John A. 
Vinton, 126 ; John Woolley, 276 ; Marry Wool- 
ley, 276 

Friend's Marriage Certificate (1683), 276 

Gravestones— Huah Mason, 280, 281 ; Nicholas 
Upsall, Dorothy Upsall. 27 

Knox, llenry, portrait, 346 

Lawreuce, Amos, portrait, 9 

Munsell, Joel, portrait, 238 

Vinton, John A., portrait, 126 
Indenture of apprenticeship (1747), 311 
Indexing Pub.ie Records, suggestions of, 41, 422 ; 

note, 313 
Inscriptions, 27, 99, 230, 231 

Jenness, genealogical error. 93 

Jones, Nathaniel, query, 102 [382 

Journal of Capt. Cogan's expedition to Pigwacket, 

Kenyon, query, 101 

King, Richard, query, 411 

Kind's Arms T tvern in boston. 41 

Kingsbury, Susanna, query, 102 

Knight, query, lul 

Knox, Henry, nieiuoi: of, 347 

Lawrence, Amos, memoir, 9 

Leader, Richard, note, 407 

Lenox, James, and his Library, note, 410 



VI 



General Index. 



Letters- 
John Quincy Adams (1840), 65 

Walter Barnesley (1667), 19-1 

Earl of Bellomont (1693), 186 

James Collins (1778), 278 

Frauds Foxcrofi (1692). 80, 81 

Charles LMget (1092), 77, 81 

William Patrid^e (1703), 90, 91 

Sir William Pepperrell (1743 and 1757), 334 

Thomas Prince (1733), 53 

Henry Stiwalt (1840), 309 

William S.ii ley (1743), 384 
Libby, John, note, 200 
L'dget, Charl- s. letters, 77, 81 
Lilly, George, query, 410 

Longrueadow (Mass.) Famili-s, 31, 187, 264, 335 
Lothrop, Hannah, query, 411 
Lyme (Conn.) Records, 37 

Marriage certificate of John Tucker, 277 
Mason, Cape. Hugh, gravestones, 2S0 
Massachusetts Muster Rolls, query, 203 
Massachusetts Thirty-third Regiment, history of. 216 
Members of I he >ew England Historic, Genealogical 

Swety, obituaries of. (See Necrologies) 
Memoirs — 

Henry Knox, 347 

Amos Lt^'renoe, 9 

Joel Munsell, 239 

Nicholas Upsall, 21 

John A. Vinton. 127 

S?th Warner. 363 
Mereen, Samuel, query, 102 
Merrill, queries, 102,410 
Monoghan (Ireland), large paper copies of history 

of, 313 
Mulford Genealogy, 171 
Munn, note, 2 5 
Munsell Gen-al ^gy, 246 
Munsell, Joel, m-moir of, 239 ; Dote, 237 

Necro'ogies of the New England Historic, Genealogi- 
cal Soc.ety— 

William T. Andrews, 209 

George A. Drayton, 323 

John M. Brodhead, 323 

William I. Budingtcn, 108 

Hampden Cutts, 413 

Calvin Durf^e, 211 

Joseph M Kinoiti, 328 

William P. H tines. 107 

Walter Ha-t,ng«, 413 

Peter llobart, 1U7 

John J. hnston, 209 

Isaac Liverm^re, 209 

Jacob 11. Loud, 417 

John E. Lvon, 416 

Joel Munsell, 329 

Josiah NVwhali, 212 

3amuel T Parker, 108 

Asahel P,ck, 106 

Geonre Punchard, 325 

Stephen P Rubles, 419 

Edwanl G. Russell, 326 

Benjamin Sewall, 327 

Stephen Shipley, 324 

Johu 5*. Sleeper, 326 

Gustavus A. Soua-rby, 212 

Austin Sumner, 103 

Thomas D i\,wnsend, 327 

Eli Washburn, 324 

George W Wheelwright, 322 

Moses 11. Wild r, 325 

John H. Wright, 417 
Newbury (Mass ). number of births (1639-1715), 

339 
New England Historic, Genealogical Society — 

Aunuil Address of, 139 

Necrology of, 106, 209, 322, 413 

Proceeding, uf, lo4, 206, 317, 413 
New Hampshire, p straits of Governors, 181 ; early 

record corrections, 1S6 
Newport Hist>r cal Publishing Comnany, 316 
Notes and ^u.-ries, 93, 193, 312, 407 



Notes and Queries and historical articles in newspa- 
pers, note, 201 

Obituary notices. (See Biographies and Necro- 
logies. 

Paine, query, 101 

Parker, queries, 410, 411 

Partridge, William, letters of, 90, 91 

Pelhain, note, 100 

Pellot, Richard, query, 410 

Penhallow and Atkir son's mission in 1703 to the 

Penobscot Indians, 90 
Penobscot Indians, mission to, 90 
Pepperrell, Sir William, letters of, 384 
Petitions — 

Dedham and Stoughton, 396 

Christian Society of Friead3 called Quakers, 304 

John Liny, 201 

WillHin H>r ? ham,267 
Philobib.ion, announcement, 411 
Phonetic representation of Indian language, 139 
Pigwaeket, Capt. Cosran's expedition to, 382 
Pkrce queries, 202, 314 
Pond, John, query. 102 
Porter, answer and query. 102 
Portraits of New Hampshire Governors and others. 

181 
Portraits, note on collection of, 200 
PreMe's History of the Flag, note, 315 
Priace, Thomas, letter of, 53 

Quakers, petition of (1791), 304 
Queries. (See Notes and Queries.) 

Recent publications, 122, 234. 344, 434 

Records — Boston Committee of Correspondence, In- 
spection and Safety, 14, 167, 251 ; Bcston mar- 
riages, 83, 94, 190; Bristol (R.I.) church, 132, 
259; Census of Bristol, 404; Dartmouth (Mass.), 
193, 4^6 ; Hampton (N. 1!.),310 ; Locgmeadow 
(Mass.), 31, 187, 264, 336: Lyme (Conn.), 37*, 
Newbury (Mass.), 389 •, Roxbury (Mass.) church, 
83, 94, 190 

Sanderson, note, 199 
Schools in the last century, 308 
Scull, note, 411 
Seabury, query. 101 

Seals in the collection of Hon. Mellen Chamber- 
lain, 184 
Shapleigh, Nicholas, I ote, 99 
Shaw, query, 202 ; n >te, 205 
Slocum Genealogy, 391 
Standish, query, 101 
Starr, note, 205 
Stdes, Ezra, note, 407 
Stockton, Richard, note, 407 

Stoughton and Dedham, petition of inhabitants, 397 
Streeter, Samu-I, query, 102 
Symmes, note, 313 

Tappao or Toppan Genea'ogy, 43 -, omissions, 100 

Taxes under Gov. Audros, 269, 371 

Thacher, Dorothy, query, 315 

Thompson, Samuel, diaries of, 397 

Thon^'. Walter, Tuery, 411 

Town Histories, How to write them, 158 

Town Hist Ties in preparation — 

Andover, Mass., 104 

Andover, N. H., 316 

Croydon, N. H., 316 

Marlb rough, N.H., 104 

Middletowu, Ct., 104 

Nantucket, Mass , 104 
Town Record-. (See Records.) 
Tucker, John, marriase certificate of, 277 
Tutile, Charles W., forthcoming worka,315 

Cpsall, Nicholas, memoir of, 21 

Tinton, John A., memoir of, 127 



General Index. 



VII 



Wainwriirht, John, query, 101 

Walsh, Michael, note, 200 

Warner, Seth, memoir of. 363 

Wesleyan Academy, history of, 103 

White, John, query, 102 

Whittonore, Lydia, query, 20i 

Vi'hittinghi.m Genealogy, and William Clarke's 

■tatement, 34 
Who is a gentleman, 154 
Wright, Joseph, query, 102 



Wilder. Marshall P., annual addre^H of, 139 

Wills — Rowland Co^tmore, 255 ; Thomas Gray, 254 

Williams Genealogy, 63 

Windham, Canada, query, 203 

Woodbridge, Berj.irnin, note, 411 

Woodward, query, 100 ; genealogical note, S12 

Tork Harbor, recovery of stolen rIood (1711), qaery 

203 
Xouugman Genealogy, 401 









■-■-.■; 



THE 

KE¥-ENGLAND ' ; 

Historical and Genealogical 

REGISTER. - 

N° CXXXIII. 

VOL. XXXI V.— JANUARY, 18 80. 

IN MEMORIAM MAJORUM. 



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 
NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 



^ 



BOSTON; 

THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

T>JLVTD CLAPP &z SON, PRINTEES, 
564 Washisgton St. 

TEHKS $3 A YEAS, IN ADVANCE. 




THE 

I HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 

REGISTER. 



JANUAEY, 1880. 



SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF AMOS LAWEEXCE. 

By the Rev. Solon W. Bush, of Boston, Mass. 

HPHE biography of Amos Lawrence can be sketched by a few 
■JL brief and rapid touches. He was born in Groton, Mass., on 
April 22, 1786. He was of the sixth generation from John Law- 
rence, who came from Wisset, England, and settled in Watertown, 
and afterwards in Groton, Mass., where he died in 1667. His fore- 
fathers, for successive generations, had some of the best traits of 
their ancestry. His father, as a soldier of ttie revolution, was in 
the battle of Bunker Hill, where he had a musket ball pass 
through his hat. As an officer in the continental army, he ren- 
dered valuable service to his country. From his mother, who 
was a woman of energy and piety, he learned the best lessons 
of life, and in addition he received all the advantages of in- 
struction which the village school and Groton Academy afforded. 
In the surroundings of his boyhood we have a picture of those times 
as seen on the background of a Massachusetts rural village. In the 
autumn of 1799, at the age of thirteen, he was placed in a small 
store at Dunstable, but in a few months changed to the larger estab- 
ishnient of James Brazier, Esq.. Groton. This was the centre of 
a considerable local trade, and several clerks were employed. By 
his intelligence and fidelity he so gained the confidence of his em- 
ployer, that after a year or two he had the management of the de- 
tads of the business of the store. But he w r a3 beset with peculiar 
temptations. When he began his business career the revolutionary 
struggle had been brought to a successful close. The demoralizing 
influences which always follow a long war were widely felt. Many 
fJ | the soldiers on their return from the war brought with them the 
vices of their camp life. These did not readily settle down into 
VOL. xxxxv. 2 



10 Amos Laicre?ice. [Jan. 

regular habits of industry. They lounged in the stores, and 
spent their evenings in telling the farmers and mechanics who sat 
round the stove, the thrilling stories of the battle, the bivouac and 
the march. To add to the cheer the mug was handed round, and 
no one thought it any harm to partake. The squire, the doctor, 
the deacon, and sometimes even the minister, when he chanced to 
come in, drank in convivial fellowship. The lad Amos was required 
to mix the rum and sugar as he served it to his customers, and was 
often asked to take a glass. His quick moral sense at once saw the 
danger of his position. In after life, referring to this period and 
its baneful influences, he says : " Of the whole number educated in 
the Groton stores for some years before and after myself, no one 
else to my knowledge escaped the bog or slough ; and my escape I 
trace to the simple fact of my having put a restraint upon my appe- 
tite." As soon as he saw his danger, he resolved on total absti- 
nence ; and he says that from the hour of his resolve for the remain- 
ing iive years of his apprenticeship he never drank a spoonful of 
intoxicants, though he mixed gallons every day for his customers. 

At the age of twenty-one the scenes of his life change from the 
country to the town. With twenty dollars in his pocket, taking his 
father's horse and chaise, he hired for two dollars a neighbor to drive 
him to Boston. His object was to make acquaintance, and to estab- 
lish a credit for .a proposed store in Groton. But in a few days he 
accepted the offer of a clerkship. So marked was the impression lie 
made, that in a few months he was invited to become a partner. 
This he declined, and on December 17, 1807, he began business for 
himself. Though Boston was suffering from the embargo, and 
there was a general depression, such was his industry, economy and 
business efficiency, that he made fifteen hundred dollars the first 
year, i nd increased it to four thousand the second year. Having 
become established, on October 8, 1808, he took his brother Abbott 
as an apprentice, who came "bringing his bundle under his arm, 
with less than three dollars in his pocket (and this was his fortune) ; 
a first rate business lad he was, but like all other bright lads, need- 
ed the careful eye of a senior to guard him from the pitfalls that he 
was exposed to." The business connection thus begun ripened in 1814 
into a copartnership. As the business enlarged new members were 
added, so that the well known house became one of the leading firms 
of Boston. Amos Lawrence, as senior member, gave the aid of 
his advice until enfeebled health compelled him to give up any active 
part in the business. He continued, however, his connection with 
the firm until his death,- Dec. 31, 1852. From this it will be seen 
that the poor country boy who- thumbed his spelling book in the 
village schools — sat in the pew at the meeting house on Sunday, 
and served as an apprentice in the store, became by successive 
steps one of the most successful of merchants. 

How did Amos Lawrence reach success in business? 



1SS0.] Amos Lawrence. 11 

When he rode in his father's chaise into Boston, he had neither 
position nor influential friends. His power was within himself. It 
was the force of character. lie was self trained. He knew how 
to take advantage of circumstances. In his habits he was methodical 
and frugal. His success had its foundation in clear sagacity, prac- 
tical judgment, promptness in business, prudent foresight, fixed in- 
tegrity and self control. He began his business career with the 
conviction thoroughly grounded in his mind, that success was to be 
obtained by unceasing application and the most diligent study of 
means to accomplish ends. While others were often overtaken with 
losses, his careful foresight avoided them. While others hesitated 
to engage in new methods and enterprises, his sagacity, guided by 
prudence, led him forward to a successful venture. But he was in 
no sense a speculator. He engaged in no enterprises which did not 
have a real promise of success. He advanced step by step in the 
legitimate expansion of his business. He believed that success was 
to be earned by patient, steady devotion to business. He worked 
for and he won success. 

Let us dwell more especially on a few of those features of mind 
and character by which the village bov became the successful mer- 
chant. 

In the first place he made use of his experience. When he en- 
tered the store as an apprentice, he mastered the details of his busi- 
ness. Not content simply to do the task assigned him, by his effi- 
ciency, faithfulness and knowledge he made himself so useful to 
his employer that the latter gave him the most responsible place 
and t!ie largest salary. When he began business for himself he 
carefully observed all the conditions which were necessary to secure 
an increase in trade and profits. He was constantly learning by 
experience, and thus became a successful merchant. 

Next, he was frugal. From a boy he kept a close watch of his 
expenditures. Always he used unceasing oversight of all his busi- 
ness arrangements, and even after he became rich he would not allow 
anything to be wasted. Yet with all his carefulness he would give 
his tens of thousands for the endowment of a college. He carefully 
saved that he might usefully spend. His uniform frugality, espe- 
cially early in life, was one of the means by which he acquired a 
great fortune. 

To this he added self reliance. He never asked of another what he 
could do himself. This feature in the character of the boy grew 
with his years. Even in his munificent endowments, as well as in 
the dispensation of his smaller private charities, he chose to do it in 
person. This is a safe rule only when a man's judgment is wise. 
And this suirirests another feature of the character of Mr. Lawrence. 

T r . 

He was preeminently practical in his judgments. For breadth 
and largeness of thought, that mental power which enables a 
man to take in at a glance the wide spread relations of complicated 












. 


















12 Amos Lawrence. [Jan. 

mercantile affairs, and to strike out into new and comprehensive 
plans, he was not equal to his brother Abbott. His bodily infirmi- 
ties and the absence of a strong desire simply to get riches restrained 
him from continuing in active, business longer than was prudent for 
his health. Still, his intellect was clear and sagacious. His judg- 
ment was wise and practical. 

His biography brings before us the character and career of a suc- 
cessful merchant. By the exercise of the qualities he possessed, he 
became rich. How did he use his riches ? 

The answer to this question brings before us one of the most excep- 
tional as well as one of the noblest features of his character. Amos 
Lawrence regarded riches as a means to an end. As soon as wealth 
flowed into his hands he felt the obligation to use it for worthy ob- 
jects. His benevolence was a deep seated principle. True it was 
blended with kindly feelings, but these were guided by a clear and 
wise judgment. With that method which characterized all he did, 
he kept a full record of his expenditures. After he had been in 
Boston twenty years, he uses this language : "My property imposes 
upon me many duties which can only be known to my Maker. May 
a sense of these duiies be constantly impressed on my mind ; and 
by a constant discharge of them, God grant me the happiness at 
last of hearing the joy fid sound, ' Well done, good and faithful 
servant, enter into the joy of thy Lord.' " Scattered through his 
letters and Diary theie are frequent expressions of the sense of his 
personal responsibleness, that in the use of his wealth he was God's 
steward. He shrank from public notoriety, and to an unusual de- 
gree obeyed the spirit of the injunction, let not thy right hand 
know what thy left hand doeth. The extent of his charities was not 
known till after his death. These in amount were over six hundred 
thousmd dollars, and these he esteemed as better invested " than if 
in bonds and mortgage in the city." " 1 have reason to believe," 
he adds, in speaking of his charity, " many have been comforted 
and assisted by it, and its influence will be gfood on those who follow 
me. God Grant me to be faithful to my trust." 

Mr. Lawrence, as already has been said, dispensed his charities 
with his own hand. Two and sometimes three rooms in his own 
house were used to store articles for distribution. He would spend 
stormy days in selecting, packing and marking articles suitable to 
the wants of those he wished to aid. To a college professor he 
would send a package of valuable books ; to a poor minister some 
needed article of dress, or a bank check. When he drove out for 
his health, his carriage was filled with books and tracts for young 
men and aged widows, and various gifts for the poor and needy. 
The fine delicacy with which he would give revealed the real kind- 
ness of his heart, and m:ide his thoughtful remembrance all the more 
grateful. Of few men can it more truly be said : w For I was an 
hungered and ye gave me meat ; I was thirsty and ye gave me drink ; 



1880.] Ainos Lawrence. ■ 13 

I was a stranger and ye took me in ; naked and ye clothed me ; I 
was sick and ye visited me. Come ye blessed of my Father, inher- 
it the kingdom prepared from the foundation of the world." 

Another feature in the character of Mr. Lawrence was the cheer- 
fulness with which he met bodily weakness and pain. For years he 
was an invalid, and daily measured out his food. He lived with 
the constant admonition that death might come at any time. But 
instead of brooding over his bodily ills until he became morbid, his 
mind was serene. This is all the more noteworthy because he had 
been engaged in active business, and was preeminently a man of 
affairs. But when he was obliged to give up the pleasurable ex- 
citement of business, he met the change with a cheerful and devout 
trust. Towards the close of life he writes : " My life has been pro- 
tracted beyond all my friends' expectations, and almost beyond my 
own hopes ; yet I enjoy the days with all the zest of early youth, 
and feel myself a spare hand to do such work as the Master lays 
out before me. This of aiding you is one of the things for which I 
am spared ; and I therefore forward one hundred dollars, which, if 
you are willing to accept, you may use for the benefit, of some other 
person or persons, at your discretion." Thus he forgot himself in 
his thoughtfnlness for others, and kept his heart young and fresh as 
disease strengthened and he grew in years. 

In the best sense Mr. Lawrence was a religious man. His bio- 
graphy is an illustration of the religion of daily life. He acquired 
wealth, he obtained a high social position^ and he rheld places of 
trust and responsibility. As a father he was wise and affectionate, 
as a son and husband he was tender and loving. When he went 
forth from the home of his boyhood he took with him the lessons he 
learned at the sacred hearthstone. His life was crowned with use- 
fulness and the esteem of the community. The peculiarity in his 
case is that having gained wealth he used it to help others. Some 
men build up great fortunes either to aggrandize themselves or to 
gratify a sordid love of money. It was otherwise with Amos Law- 
rence, lie became his own executor. He did not wait till he died 
to do his good work. He believed that riches should be used, not 
hoarded. So he dispensed his charities with his own hand. His 
heart went out with his gifts. In this he illustrates a high type of 
character. The successful merchant, even while he lived, became 
a blessing to the world. He will be remembered as long as man- 
kind shall cherish the most exalted virtues, and his name will have 
a place among the benefactors of his race. Religion was to him 
the inspirer of a good life. He regarded the gospel of Christ chiefly 
from its practical side. He cared little for the distinctions of doc- 
trine by which men are ranged into sects. Among his dear and 
intimate personal friends were members of various sects. Though 
a unitarian by church association and conviction, he was more in- 
terested in the central precepts of the christian religion than in the 
vol. xxxiv. 2* 



14 Boston Committee of Correspondence , &c. Jan. 

tenets of the denomination to which he belonged. In the morning 
he gathered his family for the reading of portions of Scripture and 
prayer ; and as he went forth from the altar on the hearthstone, he 
threw the light of a cheerful piety over every day. As he increased in 
years and lived in the expectation of death, the same sweet smile, 
born of faith and trust, lighted up his face. In hours of sorrow 
religion cheered him with its consolations, and his letters are rich in 
elevated thoughts, and pervaded by a beautiful serenity of spirit. 
So when the last hour came, calmly and peacefully he heard the 
voice of the death angel, and he walked through the valley and the 
shadow of death into the beautiful light of God. 

He died suddenly on the last night of the year. On his table 
were found the next morning these lines in his hand-writing : 



" Vital spark of heavenly flame, 
Quit, Oh quit this mortal frame. 
Trembling, hoping, lingering, flying — 
Oh the pain, the bliss of dying ! 
Cease, fond nature, cease the strife, 
And let me languish into life. 
Hark! * * * 



' RECORD OF THE BOSTON COMMITTEE OF CORRESPOND- 
ENCE, INSPECTION AND SAFETY, MAY TO NOV. 1776. 

Copied by permission of Samuel F. McCleary, Esq., City Clerk, from the original 
record-book in the archives of the City of Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from vol. xxxiii. page 25.] 

■ 

Au 775 '->o Adjourned to Tuesday. 11 O'clock then to meet in the Coun- 
cil Chamber. 

Tuesday 11 O'clock. Met according to adjournment. 
Adjourned to 0" Clock in the Evening Council Chamber — 
At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence, Inspection 
Petition & Safet - V ' All g ust 20 > 6 O'Clock P.M. M r Gray in the Chair— 
aguiust A Petition from James Swan and twenty-six other Inhabitants 

Holmes °^ t * 1 * s Town, praying that application may be immediately made 
Sayiing. by this Committee to the Iion blc Council that they would with- 
draw, their Permission granted for Cap' Holmes's Sayling — was 
considered — whereupon Voted, [page 45] That M r Gray and M r 
Mourton be a Committee to wait upon the IIon blc the Council, 
with a Representation of the Mischief which said Petitioners ap- 
prehend must follow, Cap' Holmes being permitted to sail from 
hence at this time. 

Adjourned to to morrow at 6 o'clock in the Evening. 
At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at the Council Chamber Aug 1 21. 6. OClock P:M: 
Represent M * Gray in the chair. 

to Bourd The Sub Committee appointed to draw up a Representation to 

Capt! Ve J tue Council relative to Cap' Holmes's departure, Reported the fol- 
iioimes. lowing, which was accepted and ordered to be presented immedi- 
ately — Viz' — 



21. 



1880.] Boston Committee of Correspondence, &c. 15 

To the Hon ble the Council for the State of Massachusetts Bay. 
la Consequence of a Petition from a number of the respectable 
Inhabitants. The Committee of Correspondence Inspection & 
Safety for the Town of Boston, reluctantly address your Hon- 
ourable Board once more on the Subject of Capt* Holmes and with 
Submission to lay before you the general objections made to his 
departure from this Place All which are founded in the appre- 
hension of danger which might arise from his communicating to 
our Foes such intelligence of our Situation and Intentions, as 
would be highly detrimental to the Public, and might probably 
not only prevent a large acquisition of Interest, but terminate in 
the loss of a considerable part of our Naval Force which it is so 
necessary should by every possible exertion and encouragement 
be increased — And altho we feel for [page 46] Cap 4 Holmes hard 
and pityable lot, yet even these feelings are superceded by our 
regard to the peace and safety of the Town, whose general and 
almost unanimous voice is that he ought to be detained. We flatter 
ourselves that this application will be favorably heard by your 
Hon ble Hoard ; which as a part of the Legislative Body, of this 
State has made it the duty of the Committee of Correspondence to 
promote peace and harmony in their several Towns. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
and Safety at the Council Chamber Aug' 21. 
M r Gray in the chair. 
Mr.M^urton ^ r Mourton appointed to draw up the form of a complaint, 
to draw a against the Persons considered bv this Committee as having in- 
form ot ° , . i •/»-•" A i r> 

complaint curred certain penalties, for tlieir not appearing m the Common on 

L g eii"quent« tlie " d of Jul ^ last as req 11 ^ *>y a Resolve of the General As- 
sembly of this State — the same to be Reported. 

The following Order of Council, laid before the Committee and 
read — Viz 1 — 

Council Chamber August 21. 1776. 
Cmmcifto Ordered ; that M r William Ross and Cap 1 Nathaniel Morgan 
Mr. itoss. who were permitted by an Order of this Board the 7 th Instant to 
depart from this State to any part of Great Britain, any time after 
the first of September next, be not permitted to depart untill the 
further Order of this Board, the foregoing Order notwithstanding 
and that the Secretary be and he hereby is directed to serve them 
with a Copy of this Order, as also the Committee of Correspond- 
ence Inspection & Safety of the Town of Bostou. 
A true copy 

Attest John Avery Dep y Secr y . 
Adjourned to 6 O'Clock to Morrow Evening. 
[Page 47.] At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspond- 
ence Inspection & Safety at the Council Chamber August '22 — 
6 O'Clock. P.M. 

M r Gray in the Chair. 
The form of a Complaint against the Delinquents on the Mus- 
ter of the Militia the 22 d of duly last, was laid before the Com- 
mitee by M r Mourton, appointed for that purpose and is as fol- 
lows. — Viz — 
I . 






16 



Boston Committee of Correspondence, &c. [Jan. 



Form of a 

complaiut 
against 
the Delin- 
quents. 



Delinquents 
complained 
of. 



Comm«« 
&c. rela'ive 
to a vi-'iia- 
tion of 3 e 
Tovrn. 



Suffolk— SS. 

To J. G. Esq. one of the Justices assigned to keep 
the Peace within and for the County aforesaid, 
William Cooper, Clerk of the Committee of Correspondence 
Inspection & Safety for the Town of Boston in said County, com- 
plains against A: B: of Boston in said County, Yeoman, 

That the said Committee on the 2'2 d day of July last, the Mili- 
tia of -said Town being then not settled did, in obedience to a 
Resolve of the Great and General Court of this State, passed the 
10 th of July last, cause the said Militia consisting of the training 
Band and Alarm Lists after legal warning thereof to be mustered, 
in order to raise thereout, either by Inlistmeftt or draughting, one 
man out of every twenty five, tinder the Conditions and for the 
purposes, mentioned in said Resolve, now the said William, Clerk 
as aforesaid avers, that the said A. B: at the time of the aforesaid 
Muster of the Militia of said Town, was one of and belonging to 
the Training band thereof, & neglected to attend the aforesaid 
Muster, agreeable to the warning aforesaid : and that he the said 
A: B. had not any sufficient reason for such neglect in the Judg- 
ment of the Committee aforesaid whereby, and by force of the 
Resolve aforesaid the said A: B. forfeited the sum of £10 — and 
became obliged to pay the same Sum to the said Committee in 24 
Hours after such forfeiture, Now this Complainant [page 4-8] in 
fact saith, that the said A. B. never paid the said sum of £10 — 
forfeited as aforesaid to the said Committee within the said twen- 
ty four hours, after the forfeiture thereof, by reason of which fail- 
ure, and by force of the Resolve aforesaid, the said A. B. forfeited 
the further sum of £3. — to be paid to the said Committee, to be 
by them expended for the purposes, uses and benefits in said Re- 
solve prescribed — Wherefore this Complainant prays that Process 
may issue to apprehend the said A: B: and bring him before your 
Honor, that he may be Compelled to pay the aforesaid Sums, by 
such ways and means as the law directs. W. C. Clerk. 

The foregoing form of a Complaint having been read and con- 
sidered, the same was approved of by this Committee — whereupon 
Voted, that M r William Cooper the Clerk of the Committee be 
and he hereby is directed and impowered to enter a Complaint in 
the forejroimr form, against the following Persons, whom the Coui- 
mittee apprehend to have incurred certain penalties by breach of 
a Resolve of the General Court of this State, passed the 10 th of 
July last — Viz — 

Mast maker. 

Block maker. 

Glazier. 

Tin plate worker. 

Tin plate worker. 

Tin plate worker. 

Labourer. 

Mariner. 

Chairmaker. 

The Committee apprehending, that it would be for the [pnge 
40] Satisfaction, safety and advantage of the Town, that a mode 



Samuel Harris, 
Shippy Townsend, 
Mo:>es Pitcher, 
Joseph How, Jun. r 
Isaac Mansfield, 
Henry King, 
Isaac Harper, 
Robert Robins, 
Stephen Fullerton, 



1880.] Boston Committee of Correspondence, &c. 17 

of procedure should be adopted at the approaching Town Meet- 
ing, the most likely to give the true state of the Town with re- 
spect to the Small Pox ; and to ascertain the number of the In- 
habitants of this town, who are now in the publick service by Sea 
and Land — 

Voted: that M r Appleton, Coll 1 Barber and M r Gray be a 
Committee for the purpose aforesaid, they to make Report to this 
Committee, which Report, if approved of, is to be laid before the 
Town at the intended Town Meeting* 



Adjourned to to Morrow Evening 5 O'Clock Council Chamber. 
23 - 5 O'Clock P.M: Met according to adjournment at the Council 
Chamber. 
informed 3 Information having been given this Committee of a number of 
of. Persons, who had heard Dr. Byles express himself very unfriend- 

ly to this Country — M r Thomas was directed to require their 
attendance. | 

A number of Persons appeared and were examined as to what 
they knew relative to Dr. Byles. 

Adjourned to to Morrow Forenoon 1 1 O'clock at the Couucil 
Chamber. 
24. Aug 1 24. 11 O'Clock met according to adjournment. 

M r Ross lately taken in a Vessel from Jamaica and brought 
apuiiwtion * nto tms C°l° n y — informs the Committee that he has obtained the 
approbation of Council relative to his purchasing a Ship to Carry 
himself and Family to England ; that said Ship having been pur- 
chased and now ready for taking in her ballast, he now applies for 
a permit for his so doing. 

The Committee having considered of Mr. Ross: application 
acquainted him, that they did not apprehend they had any [page 
50] thing to do in this matter. 

Adjourned to Monday next C O'clock in the afternoon. 
26. Monday August 26 th 6 O'clock afternoon met according to ad- 
journment. 
30. At a Meeting of the Committee of Corrc pondence Inspection 
& Safety at the Council Chamber August 30 1776 
Mr. Gray in the chair. 
The following attested Copys of several Votes of the Town of 
Boston at their late Meeting were laid before this Committee by 
the Town Clerk — Viz' — 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the 
Town of Boston duly qualified & legally warned in Public Town 
Meeting Assembled at the Representatives Chamber August 27. 
1776. & continued by Adjournment to the 29 th of said August, 
The Town took into consideration the expediency of tilling up 
retatfoeto tne vacancies in the Committee of Correspondence, &c. and after 
Committees lonjr debates, it was moved and seconded and the Question accord- 
pondence ingl.V put, Viz 1 — 4i Whether according to the tenor of a Resolve 
* c - of the great and General Court of this State, passed the 13' of 

February 1776, relative to Committees of Correspondence such 
persons as have been Elected from said Committee, Representa- 
tives, do not by such Election cease to be Members of said Com- 
mittees " — Passed in the affirmative. 



18 



Boston Committee of Correspondence, (£< 



[Jan, 



Committee 
of Corres- 
pondence 
&c.filled up. 



And upon a Motion made the Question was put — Viz — Wheth- 
er it be not the sense of the Town, that all other Town Officers, 
are by the said Resolve, excluded from being Members of the Com- 
mittee of Correspondence Inspection &c — Passed in the Affirmative: 

[Page 51.] It was also moved & seconded & the Question ac- 
cordingly put. Viz " Whether holding any Military Commission 
in the Continental or Colonial Army is not incompatible with hold- 
ing any civil trust — Passed — the affirmative. 

On a Motion, Voted — that the town will now Come to the 



choice of ten members of the Committee of C 



orrespondence 



In- 



10 members 
of Comm«« 
of Corres" 
pondence 



Comra" 
to collect 
Resolves. 



Septem' 
3. 



Richie & 
Lumsdell 
compluiu'd 
of. 



Ccmm« to 
wait on 
Sheriff 
respecting 
Prisoners. 



G. Erving'a 
Room for 
Comai 1 * 



spection & Safety in the room of those who have resigned, or are 
looked upon by the Town as ceasing to be Members of said Com- 
mittee, since their being chose Representatives Viz — Nathaniel 
Appleton, Oliver Wendell, William Dennie, Caleb Davis. William 
Cooper, John Brown, John Pitts Esq." and M r John Sweetser. 

It was further Voted that the choice of the ten Members for the 
Committee of Correspondence &c. be by separate Votes. 

The Votes being brought in accordingly, upon sorting them it 
appeared that — 

M r James Bow do in 
M r Ezekiel Price 
M r Joshua B Ian chard 
M r William Davis 
Cap* Gustavus Fellows. 
Jonathan Williams Esq. 
Cap 1 Eleazer Johnson. 
M r Hermaiu Brimmer. 
M r Bossinger Foster. 
M r Ebenezer Dorr 
were chose Members of the Committee of Correspondence In- 
spection & Safety for the remainder of the year. 

Voted — that M r Ezekial Price and M r James Bowdoin be a 
Committee to procure such Resolves of Congress and of [page 52] 
the General Court as have relation to the duty of their Com- 
mission. 

Adjourned to Tuesday Evening 5 o'clock at the Representa- 
tives Chamber. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at the Representatives Chamber Septem r 3 d 5 o'clock 
P:M: 

The Committee having examined into the Complaints brought 
against Mr Andrew Richie and Cap' Lumsdell, Representation 
was made to the Court of Enquiry of those Persons as inimical 
to this State. 

Diverse Complaints having been made by the Inhabitants of the 
behaviour of a number of Prisoners who are suffered to go at 
large in this Town, Deacon Davis Major Ruddock & Coll 1 Barker 
are appointed a Committee to wait on M r Sheriff Greanleaff, and 
to request that those Prisoners be close confined at the night 
seuson. 

M' Gray appointed to wait on the Committee of Sequestration, 
and to request the use of George Ervings Accomnting Room in 
Congress Street for this Committee. 
























* 






1880.] Boston Committee of Correspondence, &c. 19 

Advertism* Ordered, tbat an Advertisement relative to Persons coming 
[Arsons from Halhfax, waiting upon this Committee similar to the one 
rom iDS Recorded Page 12. be published in the News-Papers. 
Huiiifax. Adjourned to Wednesday 5 O'CIock in the Afternoon. 

4, "Wednesday 5 O'CIock in the Evening met at the Representa- 
tives Chamber. 

5. At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at the Council Chamber Septem 1 5 M T Gray in the Chair. 

[Page 53.] Adjourned to Monday next 5 O'CIock in the 
Afternoon. 
6 - At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at the Council Chamber Septem 1 6.-5 oClock. P.M. 
M r Gray in the Chair. 
Order of ye An Order of Council respecting M r Ross & laid before the 
relative to Committee. 

Slr.Koss. Jn the Council Chamber September 3 d 1776. On the Petition 
of William Ross, Esq of Jamaica. 

Ordered, that William Ross of Jamaica who has by permission 
of this Board purchased a Vessel to transport himself and Family 
to Great Britain be and hereby is permuted to procure Ballast for 
his said Vessel and to do everything necessary for repairing and 
fitting the said Vessel for the Sea, for his intended Voyage, and 
all Persons are directed in no manner to retard, hinder or molest 
the said William Ross or such Persons as he may employ, in that 
business, and to the end the said William Ross may not depart 
till the further Order of this Board. 

The Committee of Correspondence Inspection &c for the Town 
of Boston are directed to receive the Sails of the said Vessel into 
tlifir custody, and them detain untill the said Ross shall have 
permission in writing from this Board to take his departure — And 
the said Committee are also directed to use their Influence to pre- 
vent the said Williams being interrupted in preparing his Vessel 
for his intended Voyage as aforesaid. 
9. At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence, Inspection 
& Safety at the Council Chamber September 9 th P.M. 
Se f Mr. Gray in the Chair — 

v. [P a g e 54.] The foregoing Order of Council relative to M r 

Ross, was read and considered, whereupon, Voted, that Mr Balch 
Sailmaker, be desired & empowered to receive the Sails belonging 
to said Ro-s"s Ship, and to retain them till the further Order of 
laUs 4088 ' 8 tm3 Committee, he the said Balch giving a Reciet for the same to 
this Committee. 
10 At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at tiie Council Chamber September 10 th 6 o Clock. P.M. 

informa- The Committee of Correspondence for the Town of in- 

n'iiti-eto f° rm in * s Committee by M r James Blanchaid first on purpose, 
money that sundry Persons living in Hollis, Londonderry, Nottingham, 
Dunstable, Groton, & Tukesbury have alter'd the Paper Bills and 
increased their denominations & as some of the criminals are to 
be brought to a tryal in a few days they request assistance in pro- 
curing the Witnesses that live in this Town — whereupon M r Tho- 
mas wa3 directed to require the attendance of William Sousby, 
Hatter, one Freeman a Corker, Robinson & Hastings, Currier, M T 
Moor, Taverukeeper — Tomorrow Morning 9 OClock. 



Mr. Raich 
receives 



•jtenn 



20 Boston Committee of Correspondence, &c, [Jan. 

Adjourned to to Morrow Morning 9 0' Clock Council Chamber, 
n. At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at the Council Chamber Sep tern' 11. 9 0' Clock — 
M r Gray in the Chair — 
Witnesses M* Moore, Mr. Sousby &c. attended and were examined with 
examined, respect to some of the al'ter'd Bills which they had received M r 
Elauchard of New Hampshire being present. 
Adjourned to this Evening 6 0' Clock. 

[Page ho.~\ At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspond- 
ence Inspection & Safety at the Council Chamber Septem r 11. 
6 O'Ciock P.M. 

M r Gray in the Chair. 
Holme* ^ a P* Holmes applys to this Committee for liberty to sail agree- 

appiysfor able to the Order of the Hou ble Board, after some debate, it was 
8aU. rty fc ° moved. & carried that the consideration of this matter subside, and 
that the Sense of the Town be taken with respect to his Sayling 
at the coming Town Meeting, 
Mr A Certificate was given signed by the Chairman that M r Jerry 

Russell's Russell now at New York is an Inhabitant of this Town, who 
certificate. ^ appeared friendly to the Rights of his Country. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
"& Safety at the Council Chamber — Septem r 17 — 
M r Gray in the Chair — 
Capt. Moors Cap 1 Moore who has liberty to leave this Colony & Return to 
application. Irelaudj apply'd for leave to go in Cap 1 Willson bouud to Old 
France— It w r as the sense of the Committee that they had no right 
to prevent or to permit his departure in said Vessel. 
Holmes ^ ^°^ raes a PPb" s to tms Committee for an order to receive 

applys. his Sails. 

A number of Persons dayly applying to this Committee for 
Mr. Gray to Certificates of their political character, to serve them in passing 
Certificates, thro' this and the other Colonies — M r Gray, Chairman was ap- 
pointed to give out such Certificates to those who shall satisfy him 
with respect to their behavior in this To' r n, till the further order 
of this Committee. 

Adjourned to to Morrow J past 12 O'Ciock in the Forenoon. 
Septem'w. [p age -56.] Wednesday the 18. of September A:M: Met ac- 
cording to Adjournment. 

M f Gray in the Chair. 
The consideration of the Application made by Cap* Holmes for 
the delivery of his Sails, again taken up. 

Adjourned to 6 O'clock this Evening at the Council Chamber. 
6 O'Ciock in the Evening. Met according to adjournment. 
Holmes to 1* ie Committee agaiu entered upon the consideration of the ap- 
Sa!is bii plication made by Cap* Holmes, for the delivery of the Sails 
belonging to his Schooner — Cap' Holmes attended and was heard ; 
he also produced an Order of Council permitting him to depart for 
the Granades — whereupon the Question was put — viz — Whether 
it be the sense of this Committee, that Cap' Holmes Sails be de- 
livered him — passed in the Affirmative. 

[To be continued.] 



1880.] Nicholas Upsall. 21 



NICHOLAS UPSALL. 

A paper read before the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, May 7, 1879, by 
Augustine Jones, Esq., of Providence, It. I. 

A SHIP named Mary and John, of four hundred tons burden, 
Captain Squeb master, sailed from Plymouth, England, March 
20, 1630, having as passengers " many godly families and people 
from Devonshire, Dorsetshire and Somersetshire, arriving at Nan- 
tasket, Mass., May 30, of the same year. She was one of the 
fleet of eleven ships which brought Governor John Winthrop and 
the ?r great emigration " to America. She was probably the largest 
vessel in the fleet, and certainly the first to arrive. 

Captain Koger Clap says that the master, " on the next day after 
the arrival, turned his passengers and their goods ashore, leaving 
them to shift for themselves in a forlorn place in this wilderness." 
The passengers on the Mary and John settled the town of Dor- 
chester. Savage says that Nicholas Upsall was probably a passen- 
ger in the Mary and John, a statement which is sustained by his 
early connection with the town of Dorchester. 

The earliest account we have of Nicholas Upsall is on the 28th 
day of September, 1G30, when he was impanelled on a jury by the 
Court of Assistants to inquire concerning the death of Austen 
Bratcher. It was then only three and one half months since the 
Arbella came to anchor outside of Salem harbor, with Governor 
John Winthrop and the first charter of Massachusetts on board. 
Upsail applied to be admitted to the privilege of a freeman, at the 
first General Court held in America, Oct. 19, "'.630, which request 
was granted May 18, 1631, he being received with the first one 
hundred and eight, of whom, including himself, twenty-four were 
from Dorchester. 

The charter contained a provision by which other persons could 
become members of the corporation, and this membership made 
them freemen. Members of the company had the exclusive right 
of suffrage, were members of the General Court, and owned the 
public and undivided land. Freemen voted for assistants, subse- 
quently for governor, and were themselves eligible to the office of 
assistants. 

It was determined, on the day that Nicholas Upsall became a 
freeman, that none should thereafter be made freemen who were 
not church members. It is not therefore to be inferred from his 
being a freeman that he was then a church member ; he was after- 
wards received into the church, as will appear. 

The law that only church members should be freemen reduced the 
government at once to a theocracy, quite, different in theory from 
vol. xxxiv. 3 



Boston, the oldest military company in America, for, with various 
changes of name and regulations, it has continued to this time. 

He joins other persons, 12 mo. 7th, 1641, in a grant of laud to 
Dorchester for the establishment and support of a free school. In 
the language of the deed, the grant was " for and Towards the 
maintenance of a free schoole in Dorchester aforesayed for the in- 
structing^ & Teachinge of Children & Youth in good literature & 
Learninge." In the year 1(339 a vote had been passed by the town, 
taxing the proprietors of said land for the same purpose. The 
town, the proprietors and the grantors in the above deed were sub- 
stantially the same persons, no doubt. The historian of Dorchester 
believes this to have been " the first public provision for a free 
school in the world by a direct tax or assessn ent on the inhabitants 
of a town." 

He removed to Boston in 1644, and with his wife Dorothy was 
admitted to the church, 5 mo. 28th, of that year. Other citizens of 
Dorchester moved to Boston at the same time. He was, however, 
a large property holder in Boston before, for in 1637 he owned the 
land from the north-east side of Richmond Street and from Hano- 
ver Street to the sea. He was also an inn-keeper in Boston. His 
house was called the Bed Lyon Inn. Its location was on the north- 
east corner of North and Richmond Streets. The ancient descrip- 
tion was " at the corner of Bed Lyon Lane and the Town Street 
next the sea." It is a firmly fixed tradition that this is the site of 
the first colonial Custom House or Naval Office, as it was then 
called; and Edward Randolph, "the evil genius of the colony," was 
the first officer placed there in 1682, where he immediately com- 
menced his contest with the people of Boston to whom he had pre- 
viously rendered himself very obnoxious. The Bed Lyon was one 
of the oldest ordinaries in Boston. A letter among the Winthrop 



22 Nicholas UpsalL [Jan. 

the republican doctrine that "the government is of the people, by 

the people, and for the people." &JS 

Nicholas Upsall appears on the town records of Dorchester {3 
among its very first settlers. He was a grantee of land there 
in 1633, its first bailiff and rater in 1634. "It is ordered by the 
town of Dorchester,'' April 17, 1635, "that Nicholas Upsall and 
Matthew Grant shall p'ceed in the measuring of the great lotts as 
they have begun ;" and it seems that General Grant is the eighth 
generation in descent from this Matthew Grant. ® 

Nicholas Upsall was licensed as inn-keeper in town in the years 
1636, 1637, 1638. "It is ordered," June 27, 1636, by the town, 
" that Nicholas Upsall shall keep a house of entertainment for stran- | 
gers." lie was selectman in 1638 and 1642. In 1637 he was a 
member of the jury of Life and Death, as it was called, to distin- 
guish it from the grand jury. 

The same year he became an original and the twenty-third char- 
ter member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of 



1380.] Nicholas Upsall. 23 

papers in the Massachusetts Historical Collections, from Roger Wil- 
liams to John Winthrop, dated Providence, April 16, 1638, re- 
quests him to send his reply to Nicholas Upsall, who was at that 
time in Dorchester, because it is not safe for his messenger to wair 
for the answer ; this was three years after Williams's banishment. 
lie no doubt had found Upsall to be his frier, 1, and that he was 
more candid and liberal in religious matters than the people or their 
rulers. Williams may, in 1636, have found a resting place in Dor- 
chester, on his pilgrimage to Providence, at the beginning of that 
" Fourteen weeks " during which " he was sorely tost in a bitter 
season, not knowing what bread or bed did mean." Letters in those 
days were often left at inns to be forwarded or called for, but this 
seems to imply a personal reliance, in the midst of enemies, on the 
friendship of Nicholas Upsall. 

Governor William Coddington, of Rhode Island, in a letter found 
in the same collection, dated Road Island 29 D. 4 mo. 1672, to 
John Winthrop, reminds him of a conversation between them at 
Nicholas Upsalfs. And it may be that they were both guests at 
the Red Lyon. The pecuniary success of the proprietor leads to 
the conclusion that the Red Lyon was a popular inn, perhaps the 
best in Boston. 

The brick building now upon the site of the Red Lyon inn bears 
the initials of the Wadsworths, former proprietors. 

Upsall's wharf was near the inn. It bordered north-easterly on 
what is now Richmond Street, and is now partly covered by Fulton 
and Commercial Streets. The wharf was afterwards called Red 
Lyon Wharf, and still later Mountfort's Wharf. 

It is stated in the History of Dorchester that Nicholas Upsall was 
one of the founders of the Old North Church in Boston, in 1650. 

In 1654 the New England colonies made an jxpedition against 
the Narraganset Indians. As nothing was effected and the soldiers 
had returned, it was feared the Indians might be encouraged to com- 
mit depredations. Soldiers were thereupon kept in readiness to 
inarch at two hour's notice. Boston's quota of "impressed " men 
for this purpose was thirty-two, and they were billeted on Nicholas 
Upsall and three other persons. And in January, 1655, they were 
allowed by the government seventeen pounds and fifteen shillings 
for their entertainment. 

Mary Fisher and Ann Austin, the first Friends who visited Amer- 
ica, arrived in the early part of May, 1656, and were without law 
taken into custody before landing and kept in prison till their de- 
parture under banishment five weeks later, no one being allowed to 
speak to them under a penalty of five pounds, the windows of the 
prison being boarded up as an extra precaution, lest " blasphemous 
doctrines " should break through prison bars. 

A man whose name is not given offers to pay the fine if he can 
he allowed to speak to them, but his offer was refused. This no 
doubt was Nicholas Upsall, for reasons hereinafter mentioned. 



24 Nicholas TJpsall. [Jan. 

The magistrates had determined to starve these women, and bury 
both them and heresy in one grave. Nicholas TJpsall, "touched with 
compassion," gave the jailer five shillings a week, liberty being de- 
nied him by the officers, for the privilege of furnishing food to save 
their lives. This is called bribery. " What's in a name? " It was 
in substance and in fact obedience to a higher law than the statutes 
of men. 

These women sailed as prisoners for Barbadoes after five weeks, 
not having had a moment of liberty in Boston ; yet learned writers 
relate how they visited churches insufficiently attired, and did other 
insane and impossible things. 

They were banished from Boston Sixth Month 5t\\, jG50. They 
had taught no heresy in words, but their sufferings have heralded 
their faith and exhibited the genuineness of their religion more com- 
pletely than language could have done. 

There is no evidence that Nicholas Upsali suffered on account of 
these works of mercy ; they may never have been known to the gov- 
ernment. The time of his own persecution was, however, at hand. 

The first act of the General Court against Friends, was dated 
Oct. 14, 1656. The presumption that M every man knows the law " 
was not sufficient, and this act was publicly read in different parts 
of Boston, the attention of citizens being called to it with beat of 
drum through the streets. 

It seems this was done in front of the Red Lyon Inn. And 
Nicholas Upsali hearing the act read before his own door, said "that 
he did look at it as a sad fore-runner of some heavy judgment to 
fall on the country/' On the following morning he was called 
before the Court and charged with having expressed his disapproba- 
tion of the law against Quakers. He " in much tenderness and 
love " warned the magistrates to take heed lest they should be found 
fighting against God. In the New England Tragedies it is thus 
expressed in verse : 

" I testify against these cruel laws ! 
Forerunners are they of some judgment on us ; 
And in the love and tenderness I bear 
Unto this town and people, 1 beseech you, 
O Magistrates, take heed, lest ye be found 
As fighters against Gud." 

A fine of twenty pounds was exacted from him, Governor Endi- 
cott saying, "I will not bate him one Groat." lie was besides ban- 
ished to depart in thirty days, including four in prison, and wa3 
fined three pounds more for not attending worship after banishment. 

He is driven from the home in Boston he has struggled to make 
for himself and family, into the wilderness, at sixty years of age, near 
the beginning of winter. 

The Red Lyon Inn is no longer his home ; the ten years of life 
that remain to him are to be passed in prison or in banishment. He 
finds a home and protecting friends in Sandwich the first winter, 



1880.] Nicholas Upsall. 25 

but relentless persecution hunts him down. Massachusetts and Ply- 
mouth join hands to crush him and heresy, and nothing remains to 
him but in the early spring to flee to Rhode Island, the retreat and 
sanctuary of men persecuted for conscience sake. 

Here, at last, he finds friends and sympathy. One Indian offers 
him a warm house, another exclaims f ' What a God have the Ens;- 
lish, who deal so with one another about their God." I quote the 
following lines from a note in an English edition of George Fox's 
Journal : 

" See here the Red Indian's kindly care, 
Though he the name of savage hear. 
Christian, more savage thou than he, 
Blush for thy cruel deeds of infamy : 
The Indian's unasked cup of charity 
Is larger than as mixed by thee. 
The white man air'ti, through frost and snows 
A banish'd exile To his country goes, 
Full many a welcome does he say, 
To his warm house whate'er the day. 
3Iore Christian he who thus does prove, 
By practice, kindred with a God of love. 
More Christian he than they who thus pollute 
Their faith, aud/<?/* their God a brother persecute." 

He returns to Boston in three years at his peril, and is forthwith 
thrust into prison. In the same prison were Daniel and Provided 
Southwick, who were offered to be sent to Barbadoes to be there 
6old as slaves, but the captain refused to carry them. And Whittier 
writes as follows : 

" Then to the stout sea captain the sheriff turning said, ■ 
Which of ye, worthy seamen, will take this Quaker maid 
In the Isle of fair Bavbadoes, or on Virginia's shore, 
You may hold her at a higher price than Indian girl or Moor." 

The captain answers : 

" Pile my ship with bars of silver, pack with coins of Spanish gold, 
From keel piece to deck plank, the roomage of her hold, 
By the living God who made me ! I would sooner in your bay 
Sink ship and crew and cargo than bear this child away." 

Nicholas Upsall caused pales to be brought to fence in the pit 
where the stripped and lifeless bodies of the two Eriends, "William 
Robinson and Marmaduke Stevenson, hanged in 1659, tradition 
Bays, on Liberty Tree on Boston Common, had been thrown by the 
executioner, because the authorities had denied the request of Friends 
to deliver the bodies, or to provide coffins and decent interment, 
and they were exposed to the beasts of the forest. 

He was then in prison, and remained in prison in Boston two 
years. His influence during that time became so great, and he 
drew so many persons to him," that he was sent to the Castle in 
Boston harbor, where he remained one year. Two earnest petitions 
to the government by his wife Dorothy Upsall, followed by her per- 
eonal efforts, secured his removal to the house of his brother John 
vol. xxxiv. 3* 



26 Nicholas Upsall. [Jan. 

Capen, of Dorchester, who had formerly been selectman of that 
town with him. He was probably a brother of Dorothy Upsall, and 
thus a brother to Nicholas Upsall by marriage only. 

The court record recites, "Nicholas Vpshall being formerly sen- 
tenced to perpetual Imprisonment, & obteyning a Reprivall, hath 
greatly abased their lenity, do therefore Order him to be Confined 
again to ye house of John Capen." This reprivall means banish- 
ment, and the transfer to John Capen's had a condition, "provided 
he does not corrupt any with his pernicious opinions," or does not 
teach " the diabolical doctrines and horrid tenets of the cursed sect 
of Quakers." 

He resided at John Capen's probably the remaining four years, 
from 1662 to 1666, and died there August 20th of the last-named 
year. He was buried in Copp's Hill Burying Ground, where in 
well defined letters on the stone at his grave, the inscription on the 
next page may be seen. The grave of his wife Dorothy is 
nearly opposite across the path. 

At the distance of fifty paces is the grave of Cotton Mather, the 
champion of Salem witchcraft, the author of the w Wonders of the 
Invisible World," who bore no love to the Quakers. — John Whiting 
writes an "Answer to Cotton Mather (a priest of Boston), his 
Calumnies, Lyes and Abuses of the People called Quakers, or Truth 
and Innocency defended," a book often bound in one volume with 
New England Judged. An iron fence encloses the tomb in which 
lie the remains of Increase, Cotton and Samuel Mather. 

A large weeping willow spreads its branches near, brought in 
1840 from the willow over the grave of Napoleon in Shine's Valley, 
at St. Helena, the same year that his ashes were removed to Paris 
by Louis Philippe. 

A battery of six heavy English guns, under the direction of Clin- 
ton and Burgovne, poured shot and shell, June 17, 1775, upon 
Bunker Hill, twelve hundred yards distant across the Charles, from 
the crown of Copp's Hill, fifty yards from Nicholas Upsall's grave, 
burning Charlestown and covering the advance and retreat of the 
British troops. 

The battle of Bunker Hill, an event so remote to us, is not half 
way back to the date on that stone. Nicholas Upsall on that mem- 
orable day had rested peacefully beyond the storm of persecution, 
more than a century : his grave was then ancient. 

Two hundred paces distant in the opposite direction stands Christ 
Church, within the steeple of which the signal lights were placed 
for Paul Revere on the night of his famous ride — the very rays of 
which fell upon this humble stone, and streamed across these graves 
to the impatient watcher on the other shore. 

These graves and this ride are forever and inseparably connected 
by Longfellow : 




Wmn^ 



WCHOhAB 

1FPSALL -AGED 



* / i 






Gravestone of Nicholas TJpsall. 








DS<SEASEB -THS'lB 
OF* SEPTEMBER 
a 6 TS 



Gravestone of Dorothy, "Wife of Nicholas Upsall. 



28 



Nicholas UjisalL 



[Jan. 



" Beneath, in the churchyard, lay the dead, 
In their night-encampment on the hill, 
Wrapped in silence so deep and still 
That he could hear, like a sentinel's tread, 
The watchful night-wind, as it went 
Creeping along from tent to tent, 
And seeming to whisper, * All is well ! ' 
A moment only he feels the spell 
Of the place and the hour, and the secret dread 
Of the lonely belfry and the dead." 

And as for Paul Revere — 

" But mostly he watched with eager search 
The belfry tower of the Old North Church, 
As it rose above the graves on the hill, 
Lonely and spectral and sombre still." 

The children of Nicholas and Dorothy Upsall were as follows : 
"Amasa, born 12th mo. 1G35 ; Elizabeth, 12 month, 1637, mar- 
ried William Greenough 4 July, 1G51 ; Susannah, born 7th mo. 
12th, 1639, married Joseph Cocke, 10 Nov. ,1659 ; Experience, 
born 19 : 1 month, 1610, died Aug. 2, 1659." 

The descendants of Nicholas Upsall, highly esteemed and respect- 
ed people, are living now in Boston, notable among them Mrs. De- 
lia S. Monks ; and in New York the Hon. N. B. Mountfort, Judge, 
and John Gr. Shea, a distinguished author. I am especially indebted 
to George Mountfort, Esq., a descendant From the daughter Susan- 
na, for much valuable information respecting the family. He was 
himself for many years an efficient United States consul in the 
Island of Candia, and wrote a series of valuable historical and 
descriptive letters concerning that island, many of which were 
published. 

The inventory of the estate of Nicholas Upsall, after deducting 
his debts, amounted, 10 mo. 13, 1666, to 543£ 10s. — a large 
estate for the times, considering that during the last ten years he 
was an exile, but had to support himself and family. 

A law was made in 1658, that "no inhabitant entertain any per- 
son commonly called a Quaker, under the penalty of 5£ or whip- 
ping." This law gives force and emphasis to Nicholas Upsall's will, 
dated 8 mo. 9, 1660, containing the following provisions : 

Item. I do order and give for the use of such servants of the Lord as 
are commonly called Quakers, my new feather bed, bolster and pillows, 
with a good pair of sheets and a pair of blankets, with the new rugg. and 
bedstead fitted with rope, Matt and Curtains, in that little room in my house, 
" the Red Lyon Inn," called the parlor or in the chamber over that parlor, 
during the lite of my said wife, and after her decease to be then continued 
by my daughter Cook, within whose line that part of the house falleth. 

Item. I give to the said Society of Quakers my chest, with all my 
books and papers therein lying, with a small table in the room * * * * 

Provided and my will is, if my executrix or my daughter Cook shall see 
meet to set a house on any part of my land for the use of the Quakers, 
that then it shall be built 21 feet in length and 18 feet wide, with a chim- 



1880.] Nicholas Upsall. 29 

ney and said bed, bedstead and table shall be for their company ; and it 
shall stand with my will. 

There can be little if any doubt that this room and furniture were 
in the Red Lyon Inn, which he owned at the time of his decease. 

The records of the Yearly Meeting of Friends for New England, 
dated 4 mo. 7th, 1694, contain the following : 

Whereas Nicholas Upsall of Boston did formerly bequeath unto us, the 
people of God, in scorn called Quakers, a chamber and furniture in Boston ; 
but not having received the benefit of it, we do now give power and order 
our friends Edward Shippen and Edward Wanton to agree and sell the 
aforesaid privileges and right in the same for such sum of money as they 
shall agree for ; and such discharge in their names shall be a sufficient dis- 
charge in the behalf of the rest of the body of Friends called Quakers. 

Edward Shippen gave a piece of land for a Friends Meeting- 
House in 1694, in Brattle's pasture, on Brattle Street, near the 
site of the Quincy House, and was agreed with by the Yearly Meet- 
ing to build it ; and the " money from Nicholas Upsall's Chamber 
to go towards it." This was the first brick meeting-house in Boston. 
This Edward Shippen was the first mayor of Philadelphia under the 
city charter; and Edward Shippen, LL.D., Chief Justice of Penn- 
sylvania, and William Shippen, M.D., first Professor of Anatomy 
at the University of Pennsylvania, were both descended from him. 

Edward Wanton lived in Brattle Street, and at his house Friends 
meetings were held before they were allowed to have a meeting- 
house ; indeed, as early as May 4, 1664, four years after the exe- 
cution of Mary Dyer. Many arrests were made at his house. He 
was the father of William Wanton, governor of Rhode Island, the 
ancestor of three other governors of Rhode Island of the name of 
Wanton. He was one of the officers under the srallows at the exe- 
cution of Mary Dyer, and was so affected that he became a Friend. 
It cost something to be a Friend then, for during the four previous 
years the record of persecution in Massachusetts is as follows : 
Twenty-two had been banished on pain of death, three martyred, 
three had their right ear cut off, one had been burned in the hand 
with a letter II, three had been ordered by the court to be sent to 
Barbadoes as slaves, thirty-one persons had received six hundred 
and fifty stripes administered with extreme cruelty, £1044 of pro- 
perty had been taken from them, and another was martyred in 1661, 
making four in all ; but the persecutions continued long after this. 

The Society of Friends has had three successive meeting-houses 
la Boston : the first already mentioned in Brattle Street, from 1695 
to 1711 ; the next in Congress Street, once called Quaker Lane, 
from 1711 to 1825; the last in Milton Place, from 1828 to 1865. 
During the last four or five years a meeting has been sustained, 
either in Tremont or Bromfield Street, from the income of the pro- 
ceeds of the Milton Place house. The principal sum invested 
amounts to about ten thousand dollars. This fund had its begin- 



30 Nicholas Upsall. [Jan. 

ning in the bequest of Nicholas Upsall of the use of the little room 
and furniture in the old historic Red Lyon Inn. Friends in Bar- 
badoes, Philadelphia and throughout New England, gave money 
from time to time to this fund. Devout men and women, poor 
in the things of this world, joyfully contributed towards the per- 
petual preservation in Boston of what they believed to be the true 
worship of God. 

Friends are frequently said to have been intruders in Massa- 
chusetts. But if anybody was " to the manner born," it was Nicho- 
las Upsall. He was on the first roll of freemen, for more than a 
quarter of a century he lived in the colony, possessed of all the rights 
of citizenship, often in places of public trust, always respected and 
esteemed. But he found that citizenship and the rights of a free- 
man, as other Friends found, were no protection against religious 
persecution. 

The General Court so construed the first charter during fifty years 
as to make the colony an independent state. Massachusetts was 
no longer English soil ; the corporation claimed not only right to 
its property, but the right to make its own laws, subject to the limi- 
tations of English law, and itself to determine what those limita- 
tions were, for it denied all right of appeal of British subjects to 
England. But Friends could not justly and legally be considered 
intruders, unless they made a breach of the peace, or interfered with 
the personal rights of individuals or with the corporate property, 
no instances of which are mentioned. 

Nicholas Upsall never appears as a sectarian fanatic. He is 
everywhere the same quiet, unobtrusive man of business, the earnest 
patriot and philanthropist, whose heart is moved at the sight of hu- 
man suffering; a friend of the outcast and friendless, who clothes 
the naked and feeds the hungry ; a good Samar tan, who first " binds 
up the wounds " of humanity, pouring in ff the oil and the wine," 
before asking in which mountain it worships. lie was not a great 
man, measured by the usual standard. He sought neither civil nor 
military office. History concerns itself chiefly with military and 
political contests. It takes little interest in struggles like his. 
Nevertheless, there is no truer heroism than he exhibited, when, 
solitary and alone, he confronted the whole power of the govern- 
ment with his convictions, putting reputation, social position and 
all into the venture, and did his duty. As a protcstant lie exercised 
the right of private judgment, and honestly proclaimed that judg- 
ment in the face of its opponents, for in the language of the New 
England Tragedies, 

"At last, the heart 
Of every honest man niust speak or break !" 

As a christian he is mindful of his individual responsibility to God, 
and is as firm as a rock in obedience to convictions. 

It is said he was not himself a Quaker, but their generous friend. 



1880.] Longmeadow Families. 31 

Tliis cannot be admitted. "We have seen what a powerful teacher 
and apostle of their doctrines he proved to be, and how for that rea- 
son he was sent to the Castle. The early authors of the Society and 
others speak of him as a Friend. To be a Friend then, required no ob- 
servance of ordinances, no subscription of a creed or articles of faith. 
Common suffering and sympathy in a common cause made them one. 
The test was not doctrine, not of the head, but of the heart. Was 
the person bringing forth the fruits of the Spirit? did he abide in 
Christ as the branch abides in the vine? was he living in the obe- 
dience of faith? If it be said that God only could apply tests like 
these, it is strictly true. Yet Christianity has claimed as the high 
test of the genuine faith of its apostles, that they were willing to 
suffer and die for the truth as they believed and taught it. And 
certainly men can have no higher evidence than this, coupled with 
consistent lives. 

Christianity itself was a return from ceremony to spiritual reli- 
gion, and its tendency is constantly in that direction, if at times it 
seems to recede ; it is like an incoming tide of the ocean, one wave 
may seem to fall short, but the next sweeps over and beyond. The 
reformation was another great advance. And these men believed 
that Quakerism was primitive Christianity revived, was a return to 
the spirituality, the essence of the gospel ; that however unwilling 
men -might be to abide the doctrine, as the Scribes and Pharisees of 
old had been unwilling to be taught, nevertheless the declaration 
that "God is a Spirit, and they that worship Him must worship Him 
in spirit and in truth," contained the whole of religion, and was in 
fact the absolute religion ; " that Christ was the true light that 
lighteth every man that cometh into the world." 

This spiritual interpretation of Christianity was the faith of Nicho- 
las Upsall ; for this he suffered, and nearly von the crown of 
martyrdom. * 



LONGMEADOW (MASS.) FAMILIES. 

Communicated by Willakd S. Allen, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from vol. xxxiii. page 419.] ~ 

4tii Generation. Capt. Ebenezer Col ton, son of Ebenezer and Debo- 
rah Colton, was married July 2, 1767, to Miriam Colton, daughter of 
George and Experience Colton. Their children — Eunice, born April 14, 
1768, died April 24 or 20, 1766. Eunice, born April 27, 17G9. Ebene- 
zer Chandler, born May 10, 1771, died Oct. 29, 1846, age 75. Erastus, 
born May 1, 1773. Mary, born Jan. 11, 1775. An infant, born and died 
^'ov. 21, 1777. Mebzal. born May 1, 17*0. Capt. Ebenezer Colton died 
• s *-pt. 2, 1793, age 50. Miriam his widow was married to Matthew Keep, 
•June 9, 1797. Eunice was married Oct. 20, 1792, to Abner Chandler 
(page 47). Mary was married Nov. 2, 1800, to Benjamin Newel. They 



32 Longmeadoio Families. [Jan. 

removed to Pittsfleld. Miriam the widow was married June 9, 1797, to 
Matthew Keep (see page 159), and died Nov. 13, 1831. 

4th Generation. Jabez Colton, son of Ebenezer and Deborah, was mar- 
ried Jan. 27, 1784. to Mary Baldwin, daughter of Capt. Ebenezer and Bel- 
tiah Baldwin, of Bozra, Conn. She was born at Norwich, April 1, 1753. 
Their children — Simeon, born Jan. 8, 1785, died Dec. 27, 1868, at Ash- 
boro', N, C. Elijah, born Nov. 21, 178G. Mary, born Nov. 18, 1794. 
Simeon and Elijah were born in Somers, Mary in Lougmeadow. [Page 64.] 
The families of the sons, see page 78. Jabez the father died April 2, 1819, 
age 72. Jabez Colton was graduated at Yale College, 1774, and was the 
compiler of this volume. 

4th Generation. Elihu Colton, son of Ebenezer and Deborah, was mar- 
ried Dec. 6, 1787, to Abigail Ely, daughter of Dea. Nathaniel Ely and 
Abigail his second wife. Their children — William, born Aug. 29, 1789, 
died April 16, 1836. Ebenezer, born Sept. 24, 1793. Elihu, born July 8, 
1797, died at Enfield. Abigail, born April 25, 1799, died Oct. 10, 1802. 
Lydia, born April 1, 1801. Abigail, born April 15, 1804. Elihu the 
father died May 26, 1825, age 72. [Page Go.] 

4th Generation. Abner Colton, son of Capt. Isaac and Esther Colton, 
was married Nov. 12, 1751, to Margaret Burt, daughter of Major Daniel 
Burt, of Brimrield. She was born Jan. 12, 1728. Their children — Ab- 
ner, born Feb. 12, 1753, died Sept. 1, 1758. Isaac, born Dec. 13, 1754, 
died Sept. 11, 1758. Esther, born Dec. 24, 1756, died Feb. 17, 1757. 
Abner Colton the father died July G, 1797, in his 70th year. Margaret 
his widow died Sept. 2, 1807. 

4th Generation. Jacob Colton, son of Capt. Isaac and Esther Colton, 
was married Nov. 22, 1764, to Rachel Marshlield, daughter of Samuel and 
Elizabeth Marshtield. Their children — Esther, born Sept. 9, 1765. Eliz- 
abeth, born Jan. 8, 1769. Jacob the father died March 2, 1769. Rachel 
the mother married again Jan. 10, 1771, to James Ganes, of Enfield. They 
had five children in Enheld, and removed to the state of Vermont with their 
children. 

4th Generation. Capt. Andrew Colton, son of Capt. Isaac and Esther 
Colton, was married Jan. 1, 1767, to Hannah Bliss , daughter of Capt. Tim- 
othy Bliss. Their children — Clarinda, torn June 22, 1767. Hannah, born 
Nov. 21, 1769, died Jan. 20, 1805. Andrew, born May 24, 1772. Isaac, 
born July 12, 1773, died July 13, 1773. Vespasian, born Jan. 9, 1776, 
died Oct. 9, 1776. Hannah the mother died Aug. 5, 1787. Capt. An- 
drew the father married again to the widow Lydia White, and he died Oct. 
1808. Lydia his last wife died Aug. 8, 1800. 

4th Generation. John Colton, son of Lieut. John and Mercy Colton, 
was married Nov. 22, 1749, to Penelope Woolcut, daughter of Henry and 
Abigail Woolcut. Their children — George, born Aug. 25, 1752. John, 
born Jan. 9, 1755. Mercy, born April 11, 1764. Oliver, born March 23, 
1766. Eleanor. Johu Colton with his family removed to Vermont to a 
town called Fairlee. 

[Page Qi].] 4th Generation. Solomon Colton, son of Lieut. John and 
Mercy Colton, was married April 10, 1755, to Lucy Cooley, daughter of 
John and Mercy Cooley. Their children — Asahel, born Jan. 14, 1756. 
Lucy, born April 16, 1758. Elizabeth, born May 10, 1761, died May 27, 
1838, age 77. Salley and Roxey, born Feb. 27,1766. Martha, born July 
28, 1770, died June 29, 1819, aged 49. Lucy married Solomon Lomis, 
Feb. 22, 1784 (page 166). Elizabeth married Simeon Colton, Dec. 11, 



1880.] Longmeadow Families. 33 

1733 (page 68). Rozey was married to Chauncy Cooley, Jan. 23, 1790. 
Sail J married Enoch Colton. son of Asa and Sarah. They settled in Yer- 
ahire, state of Vermont. Martha married Stephen Keep, Nov. 27, 1791 
(p.".ge 159). Lucy the mother died May 13, 1802, age 72 years. 

4 th Generation. Lieut. Festus Col ton. son of Capt. Simcn and Abigail 
Colton, was married Dec. 22. 1708, to Eunice Keep, daughter of Samuel 
and Sarah Keep. Their children — Martin, born Feb. 22, 1770, died Aug. 
24, 1828. Flavia, born Oct. 11, 1771, died Aug. 16, 1799. Lucinda, born 
Oct. 18, 1774, died Oct. 18. 1776. Submit, born Feb. 22, 1777, died Oct. 
22, 1777. Lucinda, born Jan. 3, 1779. Abigail, born Sept. 18, 1780. 
Festus, born Aug. 17, 1783. Festus Colton the father died Jan. 14, 1783. 
Flavia married Walter Cootnes, Jan. 6, 1790. Lucinda married John 
Sabin, April 28, 1805. Eunice the mother died Oct. 4, 1807. 

4th Generation. George Colton, son of Capt. Simon ar.cl Abigail, was 
married Sept. 22, 1769, to Caroline Willard. Their children — Abigail. 
Stillborn. Caroline the mother died. George Colton the father was mar- 
ried again to Tabitha Cooley, daughter of David Cooley, of Palmer. Their 
children — Caroline, born April 9, 1772. died Get. 1, 1797. Simon, born 
April 6, 1774. Celia, born March 18, 1776, died Jan. 29, 1778. David 
and Jonathan, born March 30, 1778. Jonathan died Feb. 26, 1803. George 
Colton the father died July, 1312. 

[Page 67.] 4th Generation. Capt. Gad Colton, son of Capt. Simon 
and Abigail, was married Oct. 21, 1773, to Nancy Colton, daughter of Isaac 
and Mercy Colton. Their children — Justin, born Jan. 31, 1774. lived 
in Monson, Maine. Stoddard, born May 12, 1775, lived in Monson, 
Maine. Elizabeth, born Sept. 15, 1776, died Dec. 14, 1777. ChauTi- 
cy, born July 8, 1778, died Aug. 18, 1799. Elizabeth, born February 3, 
1779, died Sept. 14. 1779. Nancy, born May 8, 1780. died Oct. 1781. 
Betsey and Nancy, born Feb. 27, 1783. Betsey died Feb. 25, 1801. Cvn- 
thia, born Oct. 2. 1784. Celia, born Oct. 12, 1786, died at Wilbraham. 
Calvin, born March 14, 1788, went to Monson, Me. Persis. born Sept. 
20, 1789, married Mr. Shaw. Polly, born March ]5, 1791, married Fran- 
cis Fellowes, died March 29, 1861. Pamelia, born Oct. 5, 1792, married 
Rowland Taylor, Dec. 19, 1826. Sophronia, born Nov. 1, 1795, married 
Joseph Booth, Jan. 22, 1329. Chauncy, born Aug. 31, 1800, graduated 
at Amherst College and lived in Cincinnati. Gad Colton was married to 
Miriam Hale, April 3, 1816, widow of Hezekiah Hale, and died Dec. 28, 
1831. She died July 8, 1831, age 73. 

4th Generation. Major Luther Colton. son of Capt. Simon and Abigail, 
was married Nov. 30, 1780, to Thankful Woolwcrth, daughter of Richard 
and Naomy Woolworth. Their children— Sabin, boun Aug. 18, 1783. 
Amanda, born Feb. 22, 1786, died Feb. 4, 1843, age 57. Luther, born 
Oct. 20, 1787. Calvin, Sept. 14, 1789. Oren, born Oct. 23, 1791. Simon, 
born Sept. 14, 1793. Naomy, Jan. 21, 1795. Amelia, June 17, 1796. 
Thankful the mother died Oct. 25, 1797. Major Luther Colton was mar- 
ried again April 2, 1799, to Mehittable Deming, of WeaihersSeld. Their 
children— Chauncy,- born Jan. 5,1800, died April 29, 1820. Laurinda, 
born Oct, 4, 1801. Major Colton the father died Oct. 14, 1803. Amanda 
was married April 30, 1811, to Dea. Ebeuezer Burt. The families of the 
sons, see page 00. 

'M%e 68.] 5th Generation. Charles Colton, son of Timothy and 
Mary, was married June, 1757, to Lucy Parsons, daughter of Moses and 
Hannah Parsons, of Enfield, Their children— Timothy, born Jan. 18, 
VOL. XXXIV. 4 



34 Whittingham Genealogy. [Jan. 

1759,died Oct. 6, 1300. Charles, born Oct. 22, 1760. Levi, Oct. 13, 1762, 
died July 12, 1828, age 66. Mary, born July 29, 17G4, married Elias 
Goodweli, of Athens, Vermont.. Jonathan, born March 2, 1767. Lucy, 
born Sept. 20. 1769.' Solomon, born March 8, 1772, died Dec. 31, 1838. 
Abigail, born Dec. 22, 1773, married Stephen Moltrop, of Westminster. 
Chauncy, born Dec. 2, 1775, lived in Stafford. Seth, born Sept. 26, 1777, 
Removed to the Town Gate, New York. Lucy the mother died April 29, 
IS 1 1, in her 75th year. 

5th Generation. George Col ton, son of George and Experience, was 
married Nov. 2, 1757, to Sarah Cclton, daughter of Epliraim and Sarah 
Colton. Their children — Nathan, born Oct. 2Q, 1758, died Oct. 9, 1797. 
Abishai, born May 4. 1761, died 1823. Julius, March 4, 1763, died Jan. 
3, 1830. Alnheus, born Dec. 1765. Demas, born Nov. 26, 1767. Sarah, 
born June 14, 1770. died June 23, 1823. Experience, born Nov. 30, 1773. 
Sarah the mother died in Vershire. George the father married again 
March 9. 1796, to Elenor Cane, daughter of Eii and Mary Cooley (page 
104). Eleanor Colton died Dec. 20, 1814, age 83. Sons, pages 81 and 82 



5th Generation. Simeon Colton, son of Gideon and Sarah, was married 
Dec. 11, 1763, to P^lizabeth Colton, daughter of Solomon and Lucy Colton. 
Their children — Dimon, born Oct. 11, 1784. Betsey, born March 6, 1786, 
died April 1, 1860. Patty, born Jan. 30, 1790, died" about 1835. Aimira, 
born Aug. 18, 1796, died Dec. 1,1797. Almira, bom Oct. 12, 1798. Patty 
was married May 3, 1810, to David C. King, son of Thomas and Eunice 
King. Simeon Colton died Jan. 5, 1834, age 75 years. 

[Page 69.] 5th Generation. Gideon Colton, son of Gideon and Joan- 
na, was married July 23, 1788, to Lucretia Wood worth, daughter of Rich- 
ard and Loice. Their children — Lucretia, born Dec. 29, 1788. Gideon, 
born Jan. 10, 1794, died March 9, 1795. Delia, born Nov. 23, 1796. 
Lucretia was married Sept. 3, 1812, to the Rev. Simeon Colton, of Palmer. 

5th Generation. Hanan Colton, son of Gideon and Jonnna, was mar- 
ried to Eunice Cooley, daughter of George and Mabel, June, 1788. He 
died Aug. 28, 1828, age 64. Their children — Chauncy, born March 3, 
1 '69. James, born April 19, 1791. Jerry, born Jan. 5, 1794. Julia, Feb. 
11, 1797. Eliza, Sept. 30, 1804. Eunice the mother died 1806, and Ha- 
nan Colton was married to Esther . Gideon, born April 6, 1809. 

Esther, born Nov. 20, 1810. William, born Sept. 2, 1812. Calvin Murray, 
born Oct. 1814. Harriet Angeline Colton, born Aug. 8, 1814 [?]. Samuel 
H. Chauncy, born Dec. 28, 1815. 

[To be continued.] 



THE WHITTINGHAM GENEALOGY AND WILLIAM 
CLARKE'S STATEMENT. 

Communicated by Mrs. Caroline II. Dall, of Georgetown, D. C. 

I DOUBT whether a manuscript of the same length ever conveyed so 
much error as that called William Clarke's statement (see Register, 
xxxiii. 19, 226); but in Eliot's Biographical Dictionary, page 416, ed. 
1809, there is another quite as perplexing. There it is distinctly stated 
that Madame SaltoQStall was descended from William Whittingham, Dean 
of Durham, whose " estate was at Southerton (Sutterton), about six miles 












* 



























X 



%J 



i 3o 



1SS0.] Whittingham Genealogy. 35 

south of Boston, in Lincolnshire." "His only son Laruch," says Eliot, 
"was the principal builder of the church there, having his name in almost 
every window, to be seen many years after. He [Baruch] designed to 
visit New England, but was taken sick and died. His widow came over 
and had a sun who was the heir of the family, named John," whose son 
William was " father of Madame Saitonstall." 

At first it seems hardly credible that an intelligent man like William 
Clarke should not know the whole truth about his own grandmother ; but 
we have to remember of how little importance these tilings seemed to the 
early emigrants, who knew their own history, and how imperfect were the 
means of communication with the old country, possessed by their immediate 
descendants. 

It will not be worth while to correct all the errors in the above state- 
ment. It is better to give the true record. 

When some time ago I corrected the statement that the Whittinghams 
were descended from the sister of John Calvin, by showing that the Dean 
of Durham married the sister of Calvin's wife, I never doubted in the least 
that there were persons in this country descended from Whittingham him- 
self. A short time afterwards I remembered that I had written a long his- 
tory of the Dean of Durham in previous years, and by referring to it I 
found it impossible that he could have had a posthumous sou named Ba- 
ruch ; and I began at once to search the records of Durham and Sutterton. 

I got a copy of the Dean's will, and that of his wife. I saw that the 
children were all accounted for, and they all remained in England. The 
family originated in Lancashire, and had real estate in London; but there 
was not the slightest link to Sutterton possible. 

My only hope of unravelling the mystery lay in examining the early 
wills in this country. I looked at Lawrence, Hubbard and Whittingham 
wills in the Suffolk Probate Records at Boston, and in the Surrogate of 
New York city. Everything indicated that the Whittinghams and Hub- 
bards came from Lincolnshire. For a long time my investigations proved 
fruitless, ou account of the indifference of the parish clerk of Sutterton.* I 
finally wrote to the Curate, the Rev. W. W. Morrison, and it is to his per- 
sistent kindness that I owe my final success. In 1875 Mr. Morrison wrote : 

"The Whittingham family seem to have had no connexion with this vil- 
lage aiter 1613. A Baruch Whittingham who had two wives, and whose 
father of the same name lived and died here, was buried here in 1610. The 
only trace I have discovered of the family about the church itself are the 
initials B. W. ,6& *. W. J. on the outside of the West end walk" 

Mr. Morrison sent me separate Registers of Baptisms, Marriages and 
Deaths, in the order in which I have copied them, and each sheet is sepa- 
rately attested :—•' I, William Wilson Morrison, M.A.. Camb. Univ. Curate 
in charge of the Parish of Sutterton near Boston, in Lincoln," etc. 

Baptisms. 
1540. Thomas Whittingham, films Will'rai Whittingham de Sutterton, bap. erafc 
dectnio vetano Decembris. 
-Margarita VV., fitia Roj^eri Whittingham, bap. Nov 6, 17 me . 
Joanna VV., filia Will'mi Whittingham, hap. May si mo . 
i^iT. fcaruchus W., filius Will'mi Whittingham de Sutterton, bap. fuit Dec. 
xvh me . 



1544. 
1740. 



• The officiating clergyman, and not the parish clerk, has charge of the parish registers. 















. 



• 















36 Wkittingham Genealogy. [Jan. 

1548. Dorithea W., filia Rogeri Wbittingham, bap. Janua. sexto. 

1549. Jana W., filia Rogeri, bap. Janua. xiii d0 . 

1552. Dorothea W., filia Guglielmi, bapt. Janua xviii ma . 

1552. Johannes W\, filius Rogeri, bap. Dec. xxx t0 . 

1554. Almira W., filia Will'ini, bap. Aug. septimo. 

1555. Anna W., filia Rogeri, bap. Oct. quinto. 

1556. Edmundus W., fiiius Guglielmi, bap. Oct. xxiii t0 . 
1563. Richardus VST., filius Guglielmi, hap. July XTiii rae . 

1568. Anna W., filia Guglielmi, bap. Jan? quiuto. 
1570. Agneta, filia Thoraae, bap. Jan. tertio. 
1572. Susanna W.. filia Thomas, bap. Oct. quinto. 

1583. Baruccus, filia Barucci Wbittingham, bap. Aug. quarto. 

1590. Agneta Wbittingham, filia Richardi, bapt. Martij octavo. 

1593. Elizabetha, filia Barucci VV hitting ham, bap. Junii xxix™-. 

1610. Richardo [sic], fillius [sic] Richarao [sic], bap. Apriiis xxii 7118 . 

1612. Elisabeta, filia Guglielmi, bap. Martij six'. 

1613. Martha Wbittingham, filia Richardi Wbittingham generosi, bap. Dec. 16. 

The errors are in the original record. 

Marriages. 

1569. Thomas Percye et Joana Whittingham, nupti Julij quarto. 

1574. Will'mo Hobsan et Anna Whittingham, nupti fuerent Augusti ultimo. 
1577. Baruccus Whittingham et Elizabeth Taylor, coniugali iuerunt Augusti ni- 
cesimoseptiniio. 

1583. Gulieimus Whittingham et Agneta Elsam, matrimoniam mierunt Februa- 
ry priino. 
1599. Baruccus Wbittingham et Christiana Saunders, coniugali Janiarij xxvi t0 . 

1611. Gulieimus Whittingham et Phoebe Whelldale, nupti Aprilis nicesimo none. 

From Mad. de Salis, copied from Alie's Norfolk, I have also : 

John Whittingham, post, son of last Baruch, m. Martha, daughter of William 
Hubbard of fcoutherton near Boston, Lincoln. .No dates given. 

This John, sou of Baruch, who died in 1610, buried March 16, could 
hardly have been married earlier than 1630, and probably married before 
he left England. His children were John, Richard and William, Martha, 
Elizabeth and Judith. 

Martha m. Rev. Jno. Rogers. 

W lliam m. Mary Lawrence. 

Richard d. in England unmarried. So also did Elizabeth and Judith. 
It seems probable, therefore, that Mad. Saltonstall's father, 

William Whittingham, was sou of 

John — son of 

Baruch, bapt. Aug. 4, 1588 — son of 

Baruch (and Elizabeth Taylor), bapt. 15-47 — son of 

"William Whittingham and Agneta Elsam, of Sutterton — perhaps son of 

William Whittingham, with wife Joanna, who was buried at Sutterton, 
Feb. 3, 1540. 

The Dean of Durham was b. in 1524, and died in 1579. Of course 
this William was nut descended from the Dean, but those who will look up 
the pedigree of the Dean will flud that he descended from Adam Whitting- 
ham, of Lancashire, from whom came a branch of William Whittingham's, 
starting from Seth, in William of Over Chester, about 1323. 

I have not beeu able to discover .whence the first William went to South- 
erton, but it is very likely that he also descended from Adam of Lancashire, 
through William of Over Chester. 

Of course this record disposes forever of all that has been previously 
claimed by me or others in this country, of descent from the Dean of 
Durham. 



1880.] Births, Marriages and Deaths in Lyme, Conn. 37 

Madame Sftltonstall is stated by Mr. Greenwood to have been the grand- 
mother of Richard Clarke, whose daughter married Copley the artist. 
This must be a mistake. I have the Richard Clarke pedigree, but cannot 
lay my hand on it now j but the John Clarke papers and Madame Salton- 
stall's will show that she held her Clarke property for reversion to her hus- 
band's great nephews — Samuel and William — under guardianship of their 
step-father, the Hon. Josiah YVillard. 

Among my memoranda I find the following: 

Richard and Isaac Clarke, brothers, were sons of Francis P. Clarke, of Salem, 
Mass. 

Isaac Clarke had a daughter Hannah, who married Henry Bromfield, of Harvard. 
Mrs. Blarnchard. granddaughter of Henry and Hannah Bloonifield, I believe, has 
recently died and Left property to endow a Seminary in Harvard. 

Richard Clarke married Elizabeth, daughter of Elizabeth Hutchinson and Ed- 
mund Winslow, and granddaughter of the celebrated Anne Hutchinson. Richard 
and Elizabeth had issue— Susan, married to John Singleton Copley, Nov. 1779. 

For Dr. John Clarke, see Register, vol. xiv. p. 171. 

Another memorandum is as follows : 

Deborah Gedney = Francis Clark, b. Eng d , Oct. 16, 1701. 

They bad : 
John Clark, m. May 29, 1734, to Anne Furness. 
Gedney Clark, Col. in his Majestry's service and Governor of Barbadoes, with wife 

Mary. 
Deborah Clark m. William Lord Fairfax of Virginia. Two of her daughters are 

said to have married nephews of General Washington. 
John Clark, who married Miss Furness, had a son John, h. Jan. 29, 1737, who was 

a Col. in the British army and maried Miss Gavin. 

I think Francis Clark, who married Deborah Gedney, was the first 
American ancestor of Susan Clark, who married John Singleton Copley. 
The family, as this last memorandum indicates, was Tory from beginning 
to end, and the descendants of it in 1879 have never yet been converted to 
republicanism. 



BIRTHS, MARRIAGES AND DEATHS IN LYME, CONN. 

Communicated by the late Rev. Fkederice Wm. Chapman, A.M., *»f ^oeky-Hill, Ct. 

[Concluded from vol. xxxiii. page 439.] 

William Peck and Eliza Wood were married Dec. 29. 3. 

Peter Person was married with Lydia his now wife the ' of . Phe- 

be, born March 2, 1709-10. Samuel, Nov. 1, 1712. ,idia, March 26, 

1714. Lydia Persou deceased ye last of Feb. 1716. 
Peter Person was married to Mary Lord, Sept. 20, 1716. Richard born 

9th of Dec. 1717. Hepsihah, May 1, 1719. Tabitha, Mav 6, 1721. 

Peter, March 29, 1724. Mary, August 21, 1726. Irene, August 26, 

17o2. Mary, wife of Peter Persou, deceased 25th of April, 173-. 
Peter Person was married to Martha Peck Jan. 1735-6. 
, Wary Patterson was born Feb. 18, 1679. 
II. -i.ry Peterson was married with Mary his wife, April 15, 1683. 
Children of Robert and Mary Perigo: Hannah, born March SI, 167-t. 

Mary, April 1, 1677. Abigail, July 21, 1681. Robert Pengo died 

April 18, 1683. Elizabeth, burn Oct. 30, 1633. 
vol. xxxi r. 4 



38 Births, Marriages and Deaths in Lyme, Conn. [Jan. 

ftp 
Thomas Pier's children. Sarah Pier, born Aug. 25, 1678. Mary, Feb. 

16, 1683. Thomas, March 16, 1689. 

The Rev. Mr. Samuel Pierpont died March 15, 1722-3. 

William Pike and Abigail Comstock were married June 24, 1679. Abi- 
gail Pike, born May 4, 1683, died Nov. 16, 1683. William, Sept. 9, 
1684. John. Sept. 9. 1686, and died Oct. 25, 1686. Daniel, born Oct. 
4, 1687. Abigail, May 3, 1690. 

Richard Pierson and Mary Ann Ely were married Mav 9, 1743. Eliza- 
beth, born March 29, 1*743-4. Phebe, Dec. 14, 1745. Sarah, Dec. 1, 
1747. Richard, March 25, 1749. Mehetabel, Feb. 15, 1752. Mary/ 
Feb. 2d,, 1754. Peter, Oct. 23, 1756. William Ely, Nov. 14, 1758. 
Anna. March 24, 1764. Richard Pierson died April 28, 1762. 

Petter Pratt was married with Elizabeth Griswold that was devost from 
John Rogers. They were married the 5th of August, 1679. Petter 
Pratt deceased the 24th of March, 1688. 

Samuel Pratt and Elizabeth Peck were married Dec. 6, 1686. David, 
born January, 1687. 

Daniel Kayment and Rebeccah Sage were married April 15, 1684. Rich- 
ard, born Jan. 9, 1686. 

Jonathaa Reed and Elizabeth Mack were married Dec. 24, 1722. Jona- 
than, born Sept. 17, 1723. Elizabeth Mack died Jan. 17, 1732-3. 

The death and births of Wiiliain Robeson's children. William, born Oct. 

24, 1677. Marah. Jan. 12, 1680. William, Feb. 19, 1682. 
Edward Robins died Dec. 6, 1732. 

John Robins was married to Elizabeth his wife Sept. 20, 1692. 
Joseph Robins and Sarah his wife were married June 10, 1697. Joseph, 

born March 30, 1698. Sarah, April 22, 1700. Lidea, Oct. 9, 1703. 

Ruth, April 22, 1705. Sarah, March 10, 1709. Mehetable, Feb. 3, 

1712. Easter, Feb. 2, 1715. Lucy, Feb. 1, 1718. 
Uriah Roland and Lydia Lee were married Oct. 13, 1737. William, born 

Dec. 5, 1738. Lvdia, Dec. 13, 1741, died Dec. 28, 1741. Lydia, 2d, 

Jan. 20, 1742-3. " Pheby, Jan. 24, 1744-5. 
Jaco'> Saver and Martha Loomer were married June 22, 1710. Martha, 

born May 7, 1711. James, Dec. 7, 1712. 
Asher Schofell and Rachel his wife were married Sept. 17, 1690. Asher, 

born Jan. 3, 1691-2. Jeames, Jan. 9, 1693-4, died Feb. 16,1693-4. 

Asher Schofell died June 24, 1694. 
Esther Scovell, daughter of John and Sarah Scovell, was born Nov. 24, 

1793. 
James Scovell was married Oct. 10, 1734. Elizabeth, born Dec. 30, 1737. 

Sibbel, born June 11, 1740, and died Nov. 5, 1745. Rhoda, born July 

17, 1743. Sibbel, July 12. 1746. Irena, July 23, 1749. Arter, April 
14, 1752. Isaac, May 5, 1754. 

Ezra Selden and Elizabeth Rogers of Norwich were married May 6. 1751, 
Ezra, born March 23, 1752. Theophilos Rogers, Dec. 27, 1753. Gur- 
den, Aug. 27, 1756, died June 20, 1759. Elizabeth, born Sept. 14, 
1758. Abigail, March 30, 1761. Calvin, March 14, 1763. Samuel 
Rogers, April 9, 1765. Mrs. Elizabeth Selden died June 20, 1767. 

Ezra Selden and Ann Ely married Dec. 29, 1768. Erastus, born Oct. 23, 
1769. Anne, born Nov. 29, 1770. Lucretia, June 24, 1772, died Feb. 

25, 1776. Elisha, born July 31, 1774, died Dec. 12, 1775. Rebeccah, 
Feb. 23, and died Feb. 26. 1776. 

Ezra Selden and Hannah Miriam were married April 13, 1780, 

\ 

i 

i 



1880.] Births, Marriages and Deaths in Lyme, Conn. 39 

Capt. Elisha Seidell married Elizabeth Ely, daughter of Samuel Ely, de- 
ceased, Oct. 7, 173-5. Mary, born Jane 6, 1737, and died Dec. 28, 1737. 
Lois, bom June 24, 1738. Elisha, Marin 6, 1739-40. Mary. Jan. 
15, 1741-2. Thomasi Oct. 13, 1743, and died Nov. 5, 1743. Thomas, 
2d, born Aug. 5, 1745. Samuel, March 9, 1746-7, died Dec. 20, 1747. 
Samuel. 2d, Sept. 26, 1750. 

Richard Ely Selden married Mrs. Desier Coult, Oct. 2, 1783. Juliana, 
born July 29, 1784. Aser.ath, Dec. 28, 1785. 

Capt. Samuel Seldec died Feb. last day, 1745. 

Samuel Selden and Elizabeth Ely were married Mav 23, 1745. Elizabeth, 
born April 26, 1747. Samuel Nov. 1, 1748. Esther, June 22, 1750, 
died June 8, 1751. Elijah, born Feb. 21, 1752. Deborah, Dec. 29, 
1753. Charles, Nov. 23, 1755. Jemima, Sept. 3, 1757. Richard Ely, 
May 25, 1759. Mary, April 22, 1761. George, Feb. 27, 1763. Joseph 
Dudley, Dec. 30. 1764. Dorothy, Dec. 26, 1766. Roger, April 16, 
1767. Capt. Samuel Selden departed this lite in October, 1776, after 
languishing in prison about a mouth. Taken Sept. 17, 1776, and carried 
into New York and there kept close prisoner till he expired. 

Abner Shipman and Margery Avery were married Oct. 20. 1779. William, 
born Mav 19, 1780. Christopher, June 18, 1781. Hallam. Sept. 19, 
1782. Elijah, April 22. 1785. Betsey, Sept. 10, 1786. Elisha, April 
6, 1788. Abner, March 20, 1790. Nathaniel, March 27,1791. Josiah, 
April 7, 1793. Roswell. Oct. 20, 1794. Sanford, Dec. 22, 1796. Re- 
beccah, Sept. 9, 1798. Charles, June 6, 1802. 

Capt. Joseph Sill married widow Susannah Marvin, Feb. 12, 1677. Capt. 
Joseph Sill died Au^. 6. 1696, in the 60th year of his age. 

John Smith was married with Mary his wife the 26th of October, 168o. 

Nathan Smith and Mary Rogers were married Feb. 25, 1719. Thoraa3, 
born Nov. 28, 1720. Matthew, Feb. 26, 1722-3. Jane, Feb. 19, 1721-5. 
Rachel, March 19, 1729. Jane Rogers and Mary Stevens (twins), Sept. 
19, 1730: Briant, April 27, 1735. Richard Smith died March 8, 1701-2. 
Daniel Smith died March 22, 1729-30. 

Richard Smith, Jun. and Elizabeth his wife were married Nov. 17, 1677. 
Ricl ard, Lorn Aug. 29, 1678. Abigail, Sept. 8, 1682. Susannah, Feb. 
4, 1684. Elizabeth, July 15,1687. Daniel, April 15.1692. Elizabeth 
Smith died April 15, 1692. Daniel died March 22. 1720. 

Stephen Smith and Lucia Lay married May 11, 1749. Seth, born July 
14, 1753. Rebeccah. Feb. 9, 1755. Corina, May 5, 1757. 

Samuel Southworth's children born in Lyme. Samuel, born May 5, 1723. 
Amos and Abigail, born March 15, 1724-5. Mary, May 15, 1727. Amos 
Southvvorth died June 14, 1725. 

Capt. Daniel Starling and Mrs. Mary Ely, relict of Richard Ely, were mar- 
ried June 6,1699. Elizabeth, born April 18, 1700. Daniel, Oct. 28, 
1702. John, Oct. 28, 1704. Joseph, June 30, 1707. Abigail, Sept. 9, 
1709. 

Capt. Daniel Starling and widow Mary Beckwith were married May 16, 
1745. Capt. Daniel Starling died June 30, 1749. 

John Taner, Jun., servant to Reynold Marvin, died June 6, 1704-5. 

John, son of John Tilleson and Marah his wife, born May SO. 1680. John, 
born March 29, 1692. David. Nov. 17, 1694. 

Jeam^s Tileson and Elizabeth his wife were married April 20,1692. Jo- 
hanna, born Jan. 9, 1692-3. Jeames Tileson died May 30, 1694. 

James Tillitson and Elizabeth Davis were married Feb. 4. 1741-2. Eunice. 



t ■ MM 

40 Births, Marriages and Deaths in Lyme, Conn. [Jan. 

1 m 
born June 12, 1743, and died June 5, 1748. Jonathan, April 0, 1740. i 

Elizabeth, July 2, 1743. Abigail. Feb. 15, 1751. Eunice, March 28, 
1753. Jemima, Nov. 3, 1757. James, April 14, 1700. Daniel, May 
5, 1765. Salome, Nov. 6, 1707. I ,<j 

Levi Tilletson and Mary Davis were married Au^. 10, 1743. Eleazer, t. i 

born Oct. 15, 1748. Deborah, Jan. 4,1751. David, Jan. 23, 1753. 
Levi, Oct. 25, 1754. Phebe, Jan. 20, 1757. Rhoda, March 5, 1759. 
Rone, Dec. 30, 1761. Delight, Nov. 28, 1764. Isaiah, Aug.. 3, 1767. 1 

Ezra, March 14, 1770. 
Simeon Tilletson and Martha Webb of Ashford were married Jan, 9, 1755. || 

Simeon, born Dec. 10, 1755. Temperance, April 4, 1758. Mary, Jan. 
9, 1702. Daniel, July 29, 1704. Thomas, April, 1767. Elijah, June 
June 9, 1770. Eleazer, June 9, 1773. Lucy, Jan. 22, 1770. Lois, 
March 27, 1778. 
William Tilletson and Susannah Chapman were married March 7, 1754. 
George, born Nov. 14. 1754. Azubah, born March 18, 1750. Bela, 
March 13, 1702. x\nne, March 24, 1758 [sic]. Morehouse. Sept. 5, 1703. 
Isaac, May 20, 1705. Richard, Dec. 14, 1766, and died Dec. 10, 1707. 
Damaricus, born Nov. 22, 1708. Anna, Au^. 11, 1770. Susa, May 27, 
1773. Live, Jan. 20, 1775. 
John Tinker and Elizabeth Marvin were married Dec. 28, 1727. John, 
born Nov. 29, 1730. Hannah, Aug. 30, 1732. Elizabeth, March 17, 
1735. Edw', June 12, 1740. 
Samuel Tinker, Jan., and Jemimah Smith were married Nov. 19, 1721. 
Tamor, bom Aug. 4, 1722. Mary, Dec. 1, 1724. Samuel, June 11, 
1727. Sech, Nov. 5. 1730. Abigail, Oct. 2S f 1732. 
Joshua Tucker deceased Oct. 2, 1731. 
Martin Tucker and Mary Peck were married Jan. 5, 1773 Tsz'c]. Leb- 

beus Peck, born Aug. 20, 1770. Phebe, July 21, 1772. 
Duran Wade and Phebe Random were married Jan. 3. 1741-2. Anna, 
born Jan. 27, 1742-3. Phebe, March }S, 1744-5. Thomas, April 1, 
1747. John, June 9, 1749. 
George Wade and Elizabeth his wife were married July 14, 1708. Mercv, 
born Jan. 25, 1710. Hannah, May 2, 1712. Elizabeth, March 10, 
1713-14. Eunice, Dec. 31, 1717. Martha, April 16, 1718. George, 
Jan. 17, 1720-1. Joseph. Oct. 2S, 1723. Mary Wade died Sept. 10, 
1727. Mrs. Elizabeth Wade died Dec. 11, 1725. 
George Wade and Sarah Tucker were married April 13, 1720, and Mrs. 

Sarah AVade died Sept. 22, 1726. 
George Wade and widow Sarah Dowley were married Aug. 31, 1727. 
Mary, born Nov. 2. 1729. Sarah, May 28, 1732. Asenath, July 20, 
1734-5. Elihu, July 11, 1737. Elisha, July 20, 1740. Mr. George 
| Wade died June 28, 1702. 

Joseph Wade and Esther Chad wick were married June 2, 1748. Lois, 

born March 10, 1749. Jerusha, Oct. 18, 1750. 
Richard Wait ami Elizabeth Marvin were married Nov. 8, 1733. Phebe, 
born Sept. 31, 1734. Lois, Dec. 3. 1735. Richard, Nov. 28, 1739. 
Elizabeth, Aug. 12, 1741. Sarah, Feb. 25, 1745. Marvin, Dec. 16, 
1746. John, Jan. 21, 1749. Daniel, Feb. 2, 1751. Mrs. Elizabeth 
Wait died May 27, 1755. 
Richard Wait and Rebeccah Higgius were married Jan. 13, 1757. Rem- 
miah, born April 16, 1758. Ezra, May 31, 1763. Mrs. Rebeccah Wait 
died May 17, 1785. 



ISSC] The King's Ar?ns Tavern in Boston, 41 

| Gideon Watrous and Tabitlia Wait were married Marcli 29, 1778. Jared, 
burn Dec. 21, 1778. Gideon, Dee. 18, 1780. Samuel, Marcli 1, 1783. 
Faime, May 21, 1786. 

Andrew TTuterouse and Jemima Westeott of New London were married 
Dec. 22, 1743. Betty, born Sept. 17, 174-1. Naomi, Oct. 9, 1746. Tem- 
perance, March 3, 1740. Anna, Feb. 23, 1751, and died Aug. 2, 1752. 
Edward Allen, Sept. 11, 1753. Rebeecah, Aug. 31, 1756. Mary Ann, 
Oct. 12, 1758. 

Isaac Watterus was married with Sarah Pratt by Mr. Chapman, 20th of 
April, 1671. Elizabeth, born March 22, 1671[-2]. Sarah, Feb. 24, 1674. 
Lydia, August 20, 1678. Isack, Jan. 20, 1080. Jabez, March 16, 
1682-3. Samuel, July 21, 1685. Ruth, July 31, 1687. Bebeceab, 
Aug. 28, 1693. Gurshom, March 30, 1698. 

Gershom Water us and Lydia Smith were married May 5, 1720. Phinious, 
born July 1, 1722. Parnai, July 9, 1725. Patience, Feb. 10, 1729-30. 

Jabez Waterouse was married to Sarah his wife Dec. 30, 1713. Zerviah, 
born Sept. 22, 17 15. Jabez, Jan. 20, 1718. Jerusha, Aug. 15, 1720. 
Sarah, Feb. 7, 1723. John. Feb. 17, 1726. 

Pbineas Watrous and Rhoda Smith were married . Patience, born 

Jan. 25, 1748-9. Lucretia, Aug. 9, 1752. Gershom, Nov. 2S, 1754. 
Phineas, July 28, 1758. Rhoda, July 23, 1763. Azubah, July 18, 1766. 
Smith, Dec. 16, 1763. Andrew, Sept. 4, 1771. 

Samuel Waller and Rebeecah Thomas were married Dec. 2, 1744. Zervi- 
ah, born Aug. 10, 1745. Mary, Jan. 19, 1749. Samuel Waller died Dsc. 
2, 1748. 

William Warman and Abigail Lay were married May 5, 1720. Abigail, 
horn July 7, 1692 [tic]* 

William W. J. 'Warner and Mariah E. Peck were married Nov. 2, 1841. 

Isaac Willey, Jun., and Deliverance Tallraan were married May 12, 17 27. 
Nathaniel, born Feb. 12, 1727-8. Deliverance, Jan. 8, 1729-30. Abi- 
gail, June 18, 1732. Bezilla, Sept. 10, 1734. Derias, May 3, 1737. 



THE KING'S ARMS TAVERN IN BOSTON, 

WITH SOME SUGGESTIONS ON' THE PROPER MODE OF INDEXING 
THE PUBLIC RECORDS. 

Communicated by John T. Hassam, A.M., of Boston. 

r riIE Register for July. 1877 (xxxi. 329), and October, 1879 (xxxili. 
JL 400), contained brief notes on the Castle Tavern, which stood ou what 
is now the corner of Batteryrcarch Street and Liberty Square, and the still 
earlier Castle Tavern, afterwards known as the George Tavern, which was 
»n what is now Dock Square at the corner of Elm Street. There were 
• ikewise, in various parts of Boston, at different periods, several taverns 
fulled the King's Arms, but the one which forms the subject of this paper 
was at the head of Dock Square, not far from the earlier Castle Tavern. 
A narrow strip of the laud on which it stood now forms the south-west part 
of the Sears estate on the north-east corner 6i Dock Square and. new 
Washington Street — or Washington Street as extended under the resolve 
o* the Board of Street Commissioners, passed September 9, 1872 — and 



42 The King's Arms Tavern in Boston. [Jan. 

part also of the south-west portion of the land of the Fifty Associates in 
the rear of that estate, but nearly all of the original lot was taken for the 
extension of the latter street, and its landmarks are now wholly obliterated. 
In the Book of Possessions (p. 44) the possession of Hugh Gunnison 
within the limits of Boston, is described as ' 4 One house & garden bounded 
w Ul the streete southeast : George Burden northeast: W m Hudson Ju- 
nior, Northwest : m r William Ting westwards." On the 28th of October, 
1650 (Suffolk Deeds, Lib. 1, fob 123);'JIugh Gullison" mortgaged to Mr. 
Anthony Stoddard and Henry Shrimpton %i for considerable su mines to 
them due" "all that his dwelling house called by the name of the Kings 
Armes w* all his lands brewhouse barnes Stables yards thereto belonging, 
w th all his furniture therein as beds, bedding lumen, & woollen, Curteines, 
Vallance, Pewter, 'Brasse, Copper, tables, stooles, w th his horse Co we cc fif- 
teene swine & all his brewing vessells." This mortgage was discharged 7th 
2mo. 1651, and by deed of the latter date (Lib. 1, fob 135), Hugh Gunni- 
son, styling himself of Boston, vintner, and Sarah his wife, conveyed to John 
Sampson, Henry Shrimpton and William Brenton, all -of Boston, merchants, 
for the consideration of £600 sterling, " one dwelling house Scituat & being 
in Boston aforesaid comonly known by the name & signe of the Kings 
Armes w th the appurtenances late in the tenure & possession of the sd 
Hugh Gunison & all the lands cellars chambers garrets closets roomes 
brewhowses stables yards out houses & buildings therevnto belonging & 
appertaining or therew* vsed^& oceupyed by the sd Hugh Gunnison or his 
Assignes together w th all deeds writeiugs & evidences of for & concerning 
the same & also all the prticular goods & houshould stuffe specifyed in an 
inventory here vnto affixed," to be held, one third part thereof "to & for 
the vse & behoofe of John Turner of the Island of Tenerif in the Canaries 
mercht," one third part thereof " to & for the vse & behoofe of Thomas 
Cowling of the sd Island mereh\" and the other third part thereof "to & 
for the vse & behoofe of the sd W m Brenton," and their heirs and assigns 
forever. The inventory' above referred to is as follows : 

An Inventory of the p'ticular goods & houshould stuffe now remaineing & being in 
the dwelling house com' only knowne by the signe of the Kings amies in B)f>ton, 
bargained &, sould by Hu^h Gunnison & Sarah his wife vnto John Sampson Henry 
Shrimpton & \V m Brenton mereh ts . for the consideration mentioned in the Indenture 
here vnto annexed. 

Imprimis in the Chamber called the Exchange one halfe headed bedsted w th blew 
pillars, one livery Cupbord coloured blue, one long table, benches two formes &, one 
carved chaire. 

In the Kitehin three formes dresseres shelves. 

In the Larder, one square table bannisters dressers & shelvs round. 
_ In the H.dl, three Smale Roomes w th tables & benches in them, one table about 
six foote long in the hall &, one bence. 

In the low p'lo r one bedsted one table & benches two formes, one smale frame of 
a forme & shelvs, one closet w th shelvs. 

In the roome vnder the closet, one childs bedsted. 

In the chamber called London, one bedsted two benches. 

In the chamber over London, one bedsted one crosse table one forme one bench. 

In the cu>et next the Exchange, shelves. 

In the barr by the hall, three shelvs the frame of a low stoole. 

In the vpper p'lor one bedsted two chaires one table One forme bench & shelvs. 

In the >. ursery one crosse table w Ul shelvs. 

In the Court chamber one Lon^ table three formes one livery cupbord & benches. 

In the closet \v th in the Court chamber one bedsted & shelvs. 

In the Starr chamber one long table one bedsted one livery Cupbord one chaire 
three formes w £h benches. 

In the Garret over the Court chamber one bedsted one table two formes. 



m 



1880.] The King's Arms Tavern in Boston. 43 

In the garret over the closet in the Court chamber one bedsteed one smale forme. 

In the fbure garret t chambers over the starr chamber, three bedsteeds foure tables 
v: ih benches. 

In the brew house one Cop' 1 twoe fatts one vnder backe one vpper back one knead- 
ing trough one dresser one brake. 

In, the stable one Rack & manger. 

in the yard one pumpe pipes to convey the vrater to the brewhouse fyve hogg 
styes one house of office. 

The iSignes of the Kings amies & signe posts. 

William Hudson, vintner, by deed dated March 31, 16G0 (Lib. 3, fol. 
481), reciting that " Hugh Gunnison Lately deceased in his life tjme, some 
yeares Since when he built his brewhouse at y e North Easterly Corner 
thereof, for y e better accomodateing of himselfe, Crouded in & tooke a little 
piece of y e Land of W m Hudsons about two foote one way & three foote 
anoth* more or lesse before y e said Hudson Sold y' piece cf Land, w ch 
bounds y e said brewhouse on y c South y e said Hudson hauing receiued full 
Satisfaccon of m r William Brenton m r John Turner & M r Thomas Cooling 
for y e same Long since & before his Sale of any Land to y 8 Said Glover," 
renounces all his right, title and interest in the land so taken to Mr. Henry 
Shrimpton for the use of said William Brenton, John Turner and Thomas 
Cooling their heirs and assigns forever. 

Henry Shrimpton, brasier, in his will, dated 17th 5mo., probated Aug. 
4, 16G6, devised the estate as follows : "I doe also give Vnto my dafter 
Sarah Shrimpton the hows formerly Cawlecl the stats armes with all the out 
howses yards & stable & all the privileges heloing there vnto to here & 
heare haiers for Ever but in Cace She Shall dey without haiers then it 
Shall be Sowld & devided Equaly betwen the brother & Sisters & theyr 
haiers that Shall Survive." His inventory contains a list of articles of 
personal property "In y e bowse that was called y e States Armes," the 
" howse, ground & out howseing" being appraised at £-100. 

Eliakim Hutchinson of Boston, merchant, on his marriage with Sarah 
Shrimpton, in accordance with the terms of the contract of marriage, con- 
veyed, by deed dated Jan. 29, IOCS (Lib. 6, fol. 2), to Samuel Shrimp- 
ton, Edward Hutchinson and Thomas Lake, feoffees in trust for said Sarah 
and her children by said Eliakim, certain parcels of land given him, for his 
marriage portion, by Richard Hutchinson, citizen and ironmonger of Lon- 
don, and Mary his wife, father and mother of said Eliakim, " together with 
that my dwelling house in Bostou which I receiued with my sajd Beloued 
wife, As part of hir portion giuen vnto hir by hir late Honnored rlather 
Henery Shrimpton his last will &' Testament, & is scittuated in Boston 
facing to the head of the Dock, called Bendalls Dock, & hereto fore called 
the Kings Armes with all the out houseing Lands & Appurtenances thereto 
belonging, bounded with the street going to the head of the Dock Easterly 
the warehouse & Lands, now in the possession of Thomas Brattle merchant 
southerly & westerly & Easterly, with the house & Land of nehemiah 
Webb on the northerly part, with the sajd Thomas Brattles Land." 

Eliakim Hutchinson enlarged his estate by purchasing of John Wing, 
mariner, by deed dated Jan. 8, 1700 (Lib. 20, fol. 130),' land in the rear, 
which hud been conveyed to said Wing bv Thomas Brattle, gentleman, by 
deed dated July 1, 1693 (Lib. 18, fob 137). The land so added is not 
shown in this abstract, but it was part of the Brattle Close, and was inherit- 
ed Hy said Brattle from his father Thomas Brattle, merchant, and his mother 
Elizabeth, one of the daughters of William Tyng. It was part of the pos- 
sesion of William Tyng, described in the Book of. Possessions (p. 10)-. 



44 The King's Arms Tavern in Boston. [Jan. 

See partition of his estate, March 23, 1661, Suffolk Deeds, Lib. 4, fol. 5. 
See also Lib. 13, fbl. 96 and 161. Hutchinson seems to have previously 
acquired, by some unrecorded deed, still another parcel of rear laud south 
of the parcel above referred to. 

By the will of Eliakim Hutchinson, dated Feb. 3, 1715-6, probated May 
26, 1718, and the will cf his widow Sarah Hutchmscn, dated March 26, 
1719, probated March 20, 1720, the whole estate vested in their son Wil- 
liam Hutchinson, Esq., who by his will, dated Nov. 20, 1721, probated Dec. 
23, 1721, devised all his real estate to his son Eliakim. 

Eliakim Hutchinson, Esq., the second of the name, still further enlarged 
the estate by purchasing of Samuel Waldo* Esq., by deed dated Sept. 11, 
1747 (Lib. 77, fol. 52), a small parcel of rear land on the south-west side 
of the original lot. This also was part of the Brattle Close, and is not 
shown in this brief abstract. See, however, for chain of title, deed from 
Thomas Brattle, gentleman, to Thaddeus Maccartv, merchant, dated July 
20, 1694 (Lib. 16, fol. 318). See also Lib. 21, foi. 184, and Lib. 36, fol. 
97, and wills of Thaddeus Maccarty, Elizabeth Maccarty and Jonathan 
Waldo. He conveyed to James Smith, merchant, and Samuel Waldo, P2sq., 
by deeds dated Sept. 5, 1747, and June 15, 1743 (Lib. 74, fol. 81, and Lib. 
75, fol. 246), certain parcels of land in the rear which formed part of the 
land bought by his grandfather of John Wing by the deed above referred 
to, but purchased of John Billings, gentleman, and Richard Billings, tailor, 
by deed dated Oct. 20, 1755 (Lib. 89, fol. 116), a piece of land in Dock 
Square adjoining the original lot en the north-east side thereof. This last 
parcel formed originally part of the possession of George Burden as de- 
scribed in the Book of Possessions (p. 45), and the title is not shown in this 
abstract. See, however, for chain of title. Lib. 6, fol. 197, Lib. 28, fol. 90 
and 91, Lib. 48, fol 212, Lib. 75, fol. 186 and 187, and wills of Richard 
Webb and Eliezer Moody. 

Eliakim Hutchinson, Esq., was a loyalist. Under the acts of the Gene- 
ral Court in relation to the estates of absentees, the Probate Court, March 
19, 1779 (Docket No. 16o83), made Edward Carries, gentleman, the 
agent of his estate, and on the 23d of April following, appointed three com- 
mis loners to receive and examine the claims of his creditors. His real 
estate, in the inventory filed by the agent on the latter date, was appraised 
at £21400, and consisted in part of "A Dwelling House and Land &c in 
Dock Square now occupied by Widow Fadre £3500." and "'A Shop in 
Dock Square improved by Tho s . Green £200." In the papers on file in this 
case he is styled the '' Hon bIe Eliakim Hutchinson late a Resident of Boston, 
Absentee deceased," and " a Conspirator deceased." 

Samuel Henshaw and Samuel Barrett, being the major part of the commit- 
tee appointed by virtue of an act of the General Court, passed March 2, 
1781, entitled "An Act to provide for the Payment of Debts due from the 
Conspirators and Absentees and for the Recovery of Debts due to them," 
and by another act in addition to said act, by deed dated May 25, 1782 
(Lib- 141, fol. 136), conveyed to Thomas Green in consideration of £70, 
a part of this estate bounded "Southerly ou Dock square measuring Eleven 
feet westerly on land of the s d : Eliakim Hutchinson measuring Eighty nine 
feet Northerly on M r B!anchard measuring Two feet Easterly on said Green 
measuring fifty two feet and three inches and Northerly again on said Green 
three feet and Six inches then Easterly again on said Green thirty six feet 
and five inches." The rest of the estate was conveyed by them, in conside- 
ration of £1000, by deed dated Aug. 18, 1782 (Lib. 136, fol. 22), to John 









1880.1 The King's Arms Tavern in Boston. 45 

Lucas and Edward Tuckerman, gentlemen, and is therein described as fol- 
lows : ' l Easterly on Dock square twelve feet more or less thence Southerly 
on said Dock square thirty one feet four inches more or less, thence Easterly 
a^ain on laud of Tho s . Green eighty nine feet four Inches more or Less 
thence .Northerly on land of Joshua Blanchard three feet more or less 
thence Easterly again partly on land of said Blanchard and partly on land 
of the Widow Apthorp fifty two feet more or less Northerly on land of 
John Newell twenty eight feet more or less, thence Easterly on said Newell 
fifty seven feet more or less thence Northerly again on land of the heirs of 
Doc r : Thomas Young deced thirty four feet four Inches more or less Westerly 
on land of W m . Greenleaf one hundred and Sixty seven feet six inches more 
or less thence Southerly on land of Jon a . Simpson twenty two feet more or 
less thence Westerly again on land of said Simpson fifty one feet six inches 
more or less, Southerly on Coopers Alley so called Nineteen feet more or 
less or however otherwise the said Estate is now bounded." 

It would exceed the limits prescribed for this article to follow the history 
of this estate down to the present time. But it will perhaps not be con- 
sidered out of place to point out here that the labor of making such investi- 
gations as the foregoing is increased a hundred fold by the imperfect sys- 
tem of indexing and recording deeds in use in this commonwealth. As this 
system is essentially the same in many of the New England states, the fol- 
lowing remarks, although made with special reference to Boston and the 
county of Suffolk, are applicable to the greater part of New England. 

Now that the recent congresses of librarians and the formation of index 
societies in this country and in England have made people aware of the 
great need of improvement in the present methods of cataloguing and in- 
dexing the books of large libraries, it would seem that something might be 
done to call attention to the insufficiency of the indices to the records in the 
various probate offices and registries of deeds in this commonwealth, and 
to set forth the pressing necessity that exists that something should be done 
to make these records accessible to persons who wish to consult them. 
These county records constitute in themselves large and valuable libraries, 
the contents of which are very imperfectly known even to the persons from 
whose daily occupation a knowledge of, and familiarity with, them would 
naturally be expected. As to the probate offices, that of the county of 
Suffolk aud of one or two of the other counties have been greatly improved 
of late years, but little or nothing has been done in the rest. It may not 
be generally known that the Registry of Deeds for the county of Suffolk 
contains records of deeds of land not only in the county for which it was in- 
tended, but of land in nearly all parts of Massachusetts ; land also in Maine, 
New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Maryland, North Carolina, and 
probably in all or nearly all of the original thirteen colonies, as well as in many 
of the newer states of the Union. There are also deeds of lands in England, 
Scotland, Ireland and the West Indies ; likewise some wills and a vast num- 
ber and variety of miscellaneous documents. These are occasionally stum- 
bled upon by the conveyancer in search of something else, but can seldom 
be found a second time by one who is really desirous of seeing them, un- 
less — which is not very likely — he happens to remember the names of 
some of the parties thereto. 

The late Nathaniel Ingersoll Bowditch, the eminent conveyancer, informs 
JiSj in the preface to his *• Suffolk Surnames," that, beginning his researches 
in 1827, before the records in the registry of deeds had become very volu- 
minous, he, " in every instance, traced back the estate to the settlement 

VOL. XXXIV. 5 



: 



46 The King's Arms Tavern in Boston. [Jan. 

of the town," but it is probable that the result of such researches in the 
earlier titles could, in too many instances, have afforded him but little satis- 
faction. In the earlier period of our history estates changed hands, by pur- 
chase, much less frequently than now, and often remained in the same fami- 
ly for several generations. The greater part of an examination of title to 
such an estate must therefore necessarily have been made in the probate 
office. But in Mr. Bowditch's time the files of original papers there were 
not so arranged that they could be consulted, and there was nothing deserv- 
ing the name of an index to the volumes of the records. In fact it was not 
until the year 1876, fifteen years after Mr. Bowditch's death, that the vast 
mass of documents comprising the Suffolk probate files and records became 
practically accessible. When the files were systematically arranged and the 
present dockets and indices completed in that year, thirty-two thousand seven 
hundred and five papers of a date prior to A.D. 1800 were found, which 
have never been recorded, among them no fewer than two hundred and 
eighty wills. In six hundred and sixty -nine cases, prior to that date, which 
now appear on the dockets, not a single paper filed in these cases has ever 
been recorded, so that not even the names of the parties, or the fact that such 
persons ever lived, could have been known to one who consulted the records. 
"When Mr. Bowditch began his career as a conveyancer, very few town his- 
tories and family genealogies had been published, and he must have been 
often at a loss to know the names of the heirs at law of deceased persons, 
and of course could not have traced their names in the indices of grantors 
of deeds. 

Moreover, but little dependence can be placed on the indices now in use 
in the Suffolk Registry of Deeds of grantors and grantees of deeds recorded 
prior to A.D. 1800. They are the work of careless and incompetent per- 
sons, and are amazingly inaccurate and untrustworthy. Hardly a day 
passes without the detection of some errors in them. Many deeds have lately 
been found which were not indexed at all, and others which were entered 
under the wrong surname, so that they could not have been brought to the 
notice of any examiner of titles. But even these indices, as poor as they 
are, aie superior to those on which Mr. Bowditch was obliged to rely, and 
are in iact the result of a revision of the indices made only seven years ago. 

The only index to the records in the registry of deeds, provided for by the 
General Statutes, is an index of grantors and grantees named in the deeds 
and other instruments there recorded. That is to say, the law assumes that a 
man who is about to examine the title to a parcel of land knows the name 
either of the party who sells, or of the party who buys it. In many cases he 
knows neither, and the indices are theu of no value whatever to him. But 
suppose him to have obtained the necessary clue, and to be in the midst of his 
examination, let the chain of title be broken occasionally by some unrecorded 
deeds, or let it pass through descendants of some former owner, in the fe- 
male line, who have changed their names by marriage or otherwise, and the 
examiner is at his wit's end, and his investigations are brought to a full stop. 
There are estates in Boston the title to which no conveyancer can by any 
possibility examine by means of the indices now furnished him for that pur- 
pose. Moreover, unwise legislation induces men to place their property in 
the names of their wives and female relatives. The extent to which real 
property in Boston and its vicinity is being in this way acquired by women 
is surprising, and is probahly known to few but conveyancers and assessors 
of taxes whose attention has necessarily been called to the matter. Now a 
woman's name is of little consequence. It is not what in mathematics is 






1880.] The King's Arms Tavern in Boston. 47 

called a known quantity. She changes it every time she is married. Some 
women have four or five different names in the course of their lives. The 
uselftssness of an index of mere names, when so large a part of all the real 
estate belongs to women whose names are liable to be changed so often, is 
apparent. Fortunately it has become the custom of late years for scrive- 
ners in drawing deeds to make a reference therein to the previous deeds 
under which the grantor claims title. But in former times this was seldom 
done, and it has not yet become the common practice in many parts of the 
common wealth. Yet nothing but this custom, of uncertain duration, saves 
our real estate titles from falling into utter confusion. 

The proper remedy for this state of things is, of course, an index of places. 
When a deed is received for record, it should be entered not only in an index 
of grantors and an index of grantees, as is done at present, but also in a 
third index classified and arranged according to the name of the street in 
which the granted land is situated. In Suffolk county there is now a street 
index of tax deeds. "What is needed is a street index of all deeds. 

There should also be an index of the names of abutters and of all persons, 
other than grantors and grantees, that may be found in a deed, classified 
according to Christian and surnames. The earlier deeds frequently mention 
the names of tenants and occupants of lands, and an index of " Other 
Names " would not only be important to antiquarians and genealogists, but 
would be invaluable to conveyancers, as it would in many cases afford a 
clue to unrecorded deeds. Two striking instances of the need of such an 
index are seen in the abstract of the very title now before us. In fact there 
are few of the earlier titles in the examination of which au index of this 
sort is not indispensable. 

There should also be an index of the estates on which executions have 
been levied, classified and arranged according to the street in which the 
property is situated. 

The Suffolk records contain many miscellaneous documents, and are par- 
ticularly rich in depositions upon all sorts of subjects. There should be a 
subject index of all such. 

In the Suffolk Registry of Deeds, in the year 187C, one great improve- 
ment in indexing was made which has since been kept up. The indices of 
grantors were classified according to Christian as well as surnames, and there 
was added, opposite each name, a brief description of the land conveyed. 
This method — that of the Classified Descriptive Index — should be extended 
to all the previous years, and would save an immense amount of drudgery 
to those who are obliged to consult the records. 

Many other desirable alterations in our present mode of indexing and 
recording deeds will readily suggest themselves to the conveyancers and 
others who have had practical experience of the imperfections of the present 
system, and have long suffered under its inconveniences ; but the changes 
and improvements above set forth — improvements which are sure to be 
made in time — would work as great a reform in the Registry of Deeds as has 
already l>een accomplished in the Suffolk Probate Office. What has been 
done there may be seen from the following instance. Some years ago the 
writer of this paper had occasion to make in that office certain extended 
researches which took up nearly the whole of one winter. Since the com- 
!• lehan of the new index and the rearrangement of the files, the same work, 
l »stea*l of requiring nearly three months, can now be much better done in 
a> many davs. 

a here is another matter to which attention should be called. The records 



48 The Tappan {or Toppan) Genealogy, [Jan/ 

ft 
of births, deaths and marriages in the office of the City Registrar should at m 

once be classified according to Christian and surnames, and so save the waste |& 
of time and ruin of eyesight now occasioned by those interminable alpha- 
bets. The records of Boston proper are, in this and in other respects, in 
painful contrast to the admirably cared for records of Charlestown. There 
is no excuse for the further sufferance of antiquated " alphabets " to the 
public records. They are a quarter of a century behind the times. 

With indices like those above suggested, it would be possible for two or 
three experienced conveyancers, with proper clerical assistance, to examine 
the titles to all the land in Boston, from the Book of Possessions down to 
the beginning of this century, if not later, within the comparatively short 
period of two years. From their abstracts a series of maps could be pre- 
pared of the whole city, in sections, showing Boston at intervals of fifty 
years or less, with each man's lot marked with his name, and the reference 
to his title, and with all changes in boundaries designated. These maps 
could be reproduced by the heliotype "process" at comparatively small ex- 
pense, and would be of the utmost value to antiquarians, genealogists and 
local historians, as well as to conveyancers. 



THE TAPPAN (OR TOPPAN) GENEALOGY. 

Communicated by Herbert Tappan, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

1. Abraham 1 Toppan, son of William Topham, of Caibridge, in the 
parish of Coverham, and fourth in descent from Robert Topham of Lin- 
ton, in the West Riding of Yorkshire,* was baptized April 10, 1606. 
He lived for some time in Yarmouth, county of Norfolk. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Taylor, was born in the year 1G07. Her mother, Eliza- 
beth, inherited considerable property from a second husband, Mr. John 
Goodale, of Yarmouth, whose will is dated 1625. In the year 1037 Abra- 
ham Toppan with his wife, two children and a maid servant, took passage 
in the " Mary Ann " for New England. [See Register, xiv. 327.] His 
mother-in-law, Mrs. Goodale, also took passage in the same vessel. 

He was admitted into the township of Newbury Oct. 16, 1637. At dif- 
ferent times during the following year, several lots of land were granted to 
him, on one of which he erected his dwelling, near where the meeting-house 
was built in 1646, a few rods north from the house of Capt. Richard Ad- 
ams, and between that and the house now owned by the heirs of the late 
Mr. Joseph Toppan, one of his descendants. 

During his life he made " sundry voyages to the Barbadoes, of which 
one or two were profitable ; the produce being brought home in sugar, cotr 
ton, wool and molasses, which were then commodities rendering great profit, 
being at twelve pence for wool, sugar at six or eight pence per pound profit 
— of which he brought great quantities. (Registry of Deeds, Salem.) 

He made his will June 30, 1670. In it he speaks of " having done for 
his son Peter beyond what I have done or can do in proportion for y e rest 
of my children." He died Nov. 5, 1672, aged 06 years, in the house on 
"Toppan's Lane," which he had built about 1070 for "his son Jacob. This 
bouse is still owned, and until recently was occupied, by his descendants. 

* See Recistek, Jan. 1875, vol. xxxiii. p. 66. 



o 


i. 




ii. 




iii. 


3. 


iv. 




v. 


4. 


vi. 



1880.] The Tappan (or Toppan) Genealogy. 49 

Ills widow died March 20, 1089, aged 82 years. Her mother, Mrs. Good- 
aie, died at Newbury. April 8, 1647. The chilren of Abraham and Susan- 
na (Taylor) Toppan were : 

Peter, b. in England, 1634 ; m. Batt. 

Elizabeth, b. in England : m. Samuel Mighill, of Rowley. 

Abraham, b. at Newbury, 1614; m. Ruth, dau, of John Pike ; died 

1704, leaving no issue.* 
Jacob, b. 1645 ; ru. Sevrall. 
Susanna, b. 1619. 
John, b. 1651 ; in. Browne. 

5. vii. Isaac, m. first, Kent ; in. second, March. 

2. Dr. Peter 2 Toppan (Abraham*) was born in England, 1C34, and 
was brought by his parents to New England, 1037. He married April 3, 
1 CGI, Jane, daughter of Mr. Christopher and Anne (Toppan?) Batt. 
Savage says that they were "probably cousins." In the record of deaths 
at Salisbury, Mass., I find that of ** Mrs. Ann Batt, sister to Abraham Top- 
pan, of Newbury." In her will, dated March 14. 1G78, she mentions 
Anne, wife of Edmund Angier, of Cambridge, and Jane, wife of Peter Top- 
pan, " to have lauds, &c. &c in Salisbury and Amesbury." 

Peter Toppan was a physician and practised in Newbury. He was a 
member of one of the five companies into which the sheep owners of New- 
bury were divided, and of the sixteen individuals who comprised his com- 
pany, he was the third largest owner. He lived upon land afterwards oc- 
cupied by his son Samuel, part of which in 1864 was owned by Mr. Joseph 
Toppan. He died Nov. 3, 1707, from the effects of a fall. Administration 
of his estate was ' ; granted to his two eldest sons, Peter and Samuel, March 
31,1708. Among the property was a negro man valued afc £30. Dr. 
Peter and Jane (Batt) Toppan had six children: 

i. Peter, b. 16fi2; d. young. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 13, 1665; in. Nathaniel Clark, of Newbury, 1685. 

6. iii. Peter, b. Dec. 22, 1667; ni. Greenleaf. 

7. iv. Samcel, b. June 5, 1670; m. Wigglesworth. 

8. v. Christopher, b. Dec. 15, 1671 ; m. Angier. 
vi. Jane, b. Jan. 4, 1674. 

3. Lieut. Jacob 2 Toppan (Abraham 1 ) married Hannah, daughter of 
Mr. Henry Sewall, Aug. 24, 1670. He lived at Newbury in the house on 
''Toppan's Lane" which was built for him by his father about 1670. He 
died Dec. 30, 1717, aged 73. His wife died at York, Me., Nov. 11, 1699. 
He married, secondly, Mrs. Hannah (Fessenden) Sewall, widow of his 
brother-in-law John Sewall. Lieut. Jacob and Hannah (Sewall) Toppan 
had : 

9. i. Jacob, b. May 20, 1671 ; m. first, Kent. 

ii. Samcel, b. 1672 ; d. 1691 of suiall-pox. (See Sewall's Diary, p. 347.) 

iii. Jane, b. 1674. 

10. iv. John', b. 1677 ; m. Moody. 
v. Hannah, b. 1679. 

vi. Elizabeth, b. IfiSO; ra. Cutting Noyes, 1701. 

11. vii. Abraham, b. 16S4 ; m. Wiggles worth. 
viii. Anne, b. 1666; ni. Nathaniel Ruife, 1710. 

4. John 2 Toppan (Abraham 1 ) married first, Sept. 1, 1681, Martha 
Browne ; married second, in the year 1717, Mrs. Ruth Heard. He was a 

• Thcv had three children, Marv, Hannah and Joseph, ail of whom died at Wood- 
ondge,N. J., prior to 1701. 

VOL. XXXIV, 5* 



50 The Tappan {or Toppan) Genealogy. [Jan. 

soldier under Capt. Lathrop in the fatal battle with the Indians at Bloody 
Brook, Sept. 18, 1675, and was one of the seven or eight who escaped out 
of a company of eighty men. " At the battle of Bloody Brook, John 
Toppan, who was wounded in the shoulder, concealed himself in a water 
course that at that time was almost dry, aud hauled grass and weeds over 
his head, so that, though the Indians sometimes stepped over him, he was 
not discovered." John and Martha (Browne) Toppan had: 

i. Mary, b. 1692. 

ii. Jons, b. 1695. 

iii. James, b. 1702 ; m. Mary Allen, 1725. 

5. Isaac 2 Toppan (Abraham 1 ) married first, Sept. 29, 16G9, Hannah 
Kent; married second, March 27, 1691, Mary March. He removed to 
Woodbridge, N. J., with his brother Abraham. He was perhaps the second 
or third son of Abraham. He had by first marriage : 

i. Isaac, b. Sept. 20, 1673. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 26, 1676. 

iii. Jacob, b. June 12, 1678. 

iv. David, b. Nov. 2. 1680. 

v. John, b. March 16, 16S5. 

vi. Hannah, b. Dec. 23, 1636. 

By his second marriage he had : 
vii. Mart, b. Nov. 17, 1693. 
viii. Benjamin, b. May 18, 1695. 

They were all born in "Woodbridge, N. J. 

6. Peter 3 Toppan (Peter, - Abraham 1 ) married April 28, 1696, Sarah 
Greenleaf. They had : 

Peter, b. Feb. 2, 1698. 

Timotiit, b. Feb. 2, 1698 ; m. Coffin. 

Jane, b. 1700 ; m. Benjamin Knight, Jr. 

Elizabeth, b. 1702 ; ni. Samuel Todd. 

Mary, b. 1704. 

Richard, b. 1707 ; m. Scott. 

Hannah, b. 1710 ; m. John Moody, Jr. 

7. Samuel 3 Toppan (Peter, 2 Abraham 1 ) lived at Newbury, where he 
died Oct. 30, 1750, aged 80 years. He married June 3, 1701, Abigail, 
daughter of the Rev. Michael Wiggles worth, of Maiden, Mass. [See 
Register, xv. 334; xvii. 129.] She was born March 20, 1681, and died 
Jan. 28, 1771, aged 90 years. "The house in which they lived was built 
in 1700, and is still standing. It is situated on High Street, the second 
house from Marlboro' Street." (From " My Ancestors in America," by 
William Blake Pierce.) Samuel and Abigail (Wigglesworth) Toppan had: 

14. i. Samuel, b. 1702 ; m. Moody. 

ii. YV'iccilesworth, b. 1705 ; d. unm. 1781. " In the former part of his 
life he lived at Old York. Me. ; was one of the deacons there, and 
much respected. In his old age he returned to Newbury, bought 
his father's mansion house and died there." 

iii. Abigail, b. 1707 ; m. Daniel (or perhaps Samuel) Noyes. 

iv. Martha, b. 1710 ; m. John Smith. 

v. Mary, b. 1711 ; m. Joseph Couch. 

vi. Ebenezer, b. 1714. 

vii. Lylia, b. 1710 ; married Jesse Smith (or perhaps Moses Smith). 

15. viii. Benjamin, b. 1720-21 ; m. Marsh. 

16. Ik. Joseph, b. 1723 ; m. Grow. 



12. 


i. 

ii. 


• 


iii. 
iv. 


13. 


v. 

vi. 




vji. 






1880.] The Tappan (or Toppan) Genealogy. 51 

8. Rev. CnRiSTorHER 3 Toppan, A.M., (Peter, 2 Abraharn 1 ) was born 
Dec. 15, 1671. He married first, Dec. 13, 1698, Sarah, daughter of 
Kdmund Angier, of Cambridge ; married second, Jan. 28, 1739, Elizabeth 
Dumraer. He graduated at Harvard College, 1691 ; was ordained Sept. 
0, 1696, pastor of the First Church in Newbury. He died July 23, 1747. 
On his monument in the grave-yard opposite the church on High Street, is 
the following inscription : 

44 Here lies buried the body of the Rev. Mr. Christopher Toppan, Master 
of Arts, fourth Pastor of the First Church in Newbury ; a Gentleman of 
good learning, conspicuous for Piety and Virtue, shining both by his Doc- 
trine and Lite, skilled and greatly improved in the Practice of Physick and 
Surgery, who deceased July 23, 1747, in the 76th year of his age and 51st 
of his Pastoral Office."* 

They had : 

i. Christopher, b. 1700. 

17. ii. Edmund, b. 1701 : m. Wingate. 

18. iii. Bezaleel, b. 1705 ; m. Barton. 
iv. Sarah, b. 1707 ; married Ezekiel Mighill. 
v. Eunice, b. 1710 ; m. Eleazer Pierce. 
vi. Susanna, m. Benjamin Woodbridge, a descendant of Gov. Thomas 

Dudley. 

9. Jacob 3 Toppax (Jacob, 7 Abraham 1 ), born May 20, 1671, and mar- 
ried Sarah Kent, 1696. They had: 

i. Sarah, b. 1697; m. John Huse, son of Abel Ruse and Mary (Sears) 

lluse. 
ii. Hannah, b. Ifi99: m. Daniel Emery, 
iii. Samuel, b. l"0l-2. 
iv. Jacob, b. 1701. 
v. Mary, died 1711-12. 

10. John 3 Toppan (Jacob,- Abraham 1 ) married 1704, Judith Moody. 
They had : 

i. Judith, b. 1707 ; m. Samuel Rolfe. 

ii. Joseph, b. 17C9 ; married Elizabeth Titcomb. 

: ii. Anne, b. 1711 : ra. Sarah Cerrish. 

v. Mary, b. 1714 ; m. John Newman. 

v. Hannah, b. 1719 (twin) ; m. Isaac Knight. 

vi. Sarah, b. 1719 (twin) ; m. Jeremiah Pearson. 

11. Abraham 3 Toppan (Jacob 7 Abraham 1 ) married, Oct. 21, 1713, 
Ksther, daughter of Rev. Michael Wigglesworth, of Maiden, and widow of 
John Sewall. They had : 

19. i. Edward, b. 1715; m. Bailey. 
ii. Elizabeth, b. 1718; m. Henry Rolfe, 1738. 
iii. Patience, b. April 20, 1720; m. John Kingsbury, Sept. 7, 1739 [b. 

at Newbury, Feb. 3, 1718. d. at Boston, Aug. 22, 1764. (See Reg- 
ister, xiii. 153; xxxii. 239.) Their son John 3 was father of Pa- 
tience 6 Kinrjshury. wife of Charles Dean (Register, xxiv. 81), and 
mother of John Ward' Dean, editor of the Register], 

20. iv. Samuel, b. 1722; m. Ilewes. 

21. v. Jacob, b. 1725 ; m. Hall. 

22. yi. Michael, b. 1727 ; m. Atkinson. 

* Sec Coffin's History of Xewhnry, pa^es 373-8, and for further particular?, pases 160, 
I"*! \'6\, 213, and his letter to Cotton Mather concerning the " afnphisbena," or snake with 
l*o heads, one at each end, on page 185. " In the latter part of his life Mr. T. was at times 
partially deranged, and on one occasion .... carried a whip into church under his cloak. 
'u order, as he said, to scourge out the enthusiasts, or schemers." (Ibid. p. 376.) 



52 The Tappan (or Toppan) Genealogy. [Jan. 

12. Timothy 4 Toppan (Peter,* Peter* Abraham 1 ) was bom Feb. 2, 

1698; married first, Eleanor Coffin. She died July 25, 1740, and he mar- 
ried second, June Herriman. He died Sept. 2, 17 DC, aged 93 years and 
7 months. He had by first wife : 

23. i. Enoch, b. 17-23 ; m. Coleman. 

24. ii. Moses, hi. first, Lunt ; m. second, Browne. 

13. Richard 4 Tappan (Peter, 3 Pater 2 Abraham 1 ) married, 1730, Mer- 
cy Seott, of Rowley. They had : 

i. Mary, b. 1730 ; m. John Dunlap, 17SS. 

25. ii. John, b. 1733: m. Hall. 

iii. Hannah, b. 1731 : m. John O'Brien, 1779. 

iv. A daughter, h. 1736. 

v. Martha, b. 1737 ; in.' John Pike. 1764. 

vi. Caleb, b. 1741 ; m. Mary Greenleaf, 1762. 

vii. Sarah, b. 1743 ; m. Offin Boardman. 

26. viii. Joseph, b. 1744 : in. Parsons. 

27. ix. Daniel, b. 1746 ; in. Anne . 

28. x. Amos, in. Clarkson. 

14. Samuel 4 Tappan (Samuel 3 Peter, 2 Abraham 1 ) was born Nov. 14, 
1702, and married, 1733, Dorothy Moody. They had: 

i. Sa&uel, b. 1734. 

ii. Anns. b. 1736; Harvard, 1758; ord. in Kingston, N. H., 1761 ; died 

1771. (" He died young, leaving a widow only.") 

iii. Sarah, b. 1733. 

iv. Ebenezer, b. 1741. 

v. Mary, b. 1742. 

vi. Edmund, b. 1744. 

15. Rev. Benjamin 4 Tappan ( Samuel, 9 Peter, 2 Abraham 1 ) was born at 
Newbury, Feb. 28, 1720, and graduated at Harvard 1742. He was or- 
dained at Manchester, Mass., Sept. 17, 1745, and died there May 6, 1790. 
He married nY v T74G Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Deacon David 4 (John, 3 
Onesiphorus. 2 George 1 ) Marsh, of Haverhill, and his wife Mary (Moody) 
Marsh. She was one of twelve children, and was born on Marsh's Hill, a 
mile ue^t of the meeting-house. She died Aug. 1807. The house in which 
they li - r ed is still occupied by their descendants. They had : 

Benjamin', b. 1747; m. Homes. 
Samuel, b. 1749; d. 1751. 

Mary, b. 1751 ; m. first. J.»siah Fairfield ; ni. second, Aaron Burnham. 
David, b. 1752 ; married Sawyer. 
Wigglkswortii. b. 1754 ; in. Chase. 

Abigail, b. 1757 ; m. first, Cha.se, of Portsmouth, N. H. ; m. second, 
John Baker. 

32. vii. Samuel, b. 1759; m. Bingham. 

33. viii. Ebenezer, b. 1761 ; m. Foster. 

ix. Michael, b. 17H3 ; m. Sarah . Children — Ann, 6 Abigail, 6 Martha, 6 

x. Elizabeth, b. 17B5 ; m. Chase, of Saco, Me. 

xi. Martha, b. 1766. 

xii. Amos, h. I7f J8 ; grad. at Harvard, 1788; m. Isabella Buckminster, 

who died 1814. 

16. Joseph 4 Tappan (Samuel, 9 Peter 2 Abraham 1 ), of York, Me., mar- 
ried Anne Grow, of York. They had : 

34. i. Josepu, b. 1759; m. Marsh. 
ii. Abigail, in. Samuel Donneii. 

17. Dr. Edmund 4 Toppan (Christopher, 3 Peter, 2 Abraham 1 ), M.D., 

graduated from Harvard, 1720. He settled as a physician at Hampton, 



29. 


i. 




ii. 




iii. 


30. 


iv. 


31. 


v. 




vi. 






























' 









1880.] The Tappan (or Toppan) Genealogy. 53 

N- H., and married Sarah Wingate of that town. He died 1739. She died 
July, 1801, aged 96. They had : 

i. Sarah, b, 17-28 ; m. first, Jabez Smith ; m. second, Col. John Webster. 

ii. MARY.b. 1731 ; d. 1715. 

iii. Amos, b. 1733; d. 1751. 

35. iv. Christopher, b. 1735 ; m. Parker. 
v. Edmund, b. 1739 ; d. 1740. 

IS. Dr. Bezalkel 4 Tappan ( Christopher? Peter, 2 Abraham}), M.I)., 
graduated at Harvard 1722. He married -Sarah Barton, of Salem, where 
he was settled as a physician. Pie died 17 G2. They had : 

i. Sarah, d. young. 

ii. Mart, b. 1744 ; m. Benjamin Pickman, of Salem, 1762. 

iii. Thomas, graduated at Harvard, 1752, and died of consumption, April 

25, 1758. 
iv. Willoughatt, d. young. 
v. Anne, d. young. 

19. Edward 4 T^prAN (Abraham? Jacob? Abraham 1 ) married Sept. 7? 
1743, Sarah Bailey. They had : 

36. i. Abraham, b. 1744; in. Hunt. 
ii. Anna, b. 1740 ; d. 1753. 
iii. Sarah, b. 1748 ; m. Col. Josiah Little. 
iv. Mary, b. 1750 : m. Nathaniel Little, 
v. Patience, b. 1752 ; ra. Moses Moody. 

37. vi. Edward, b. 1754; n». Smith, 
vii. Joshua (twin), b. 1750 : d. 1780. 

38. viii. Stephen (twin), b. 1750 ; m. Little. 

39. ix. Enoch, b. 1759 ; ra. first. Coffin ; m. second, Merrill. 
x. Anna, b. 1701 ; m. Jonathan Harris. 

40. xi- Abner, b. 1704 ; m. Stanford. 
xii. Judith, b. 1708; m. Joseph Coffin, Dec. 1791. Their son Joshua* 

Coffin (Register, xx. 207) was the historian of Newbury. 

20. Samuel 4 Tappan (Abraham? Jacob? Abraham 1 ) married July 6, 
1749, Mary Hewes. They had : 

i. John, b. 1753. 
ii. MARY,b. 1759. 

21. Jacob 4 Tappan (Abraham? Jacob? Abraham 1 ) married, 1748, 
Elizabeth Hall. They had : 

i. Esther, b. 1749. 

ii. Isaac, b. 175J. 

iii. Jacob, b. 1752 ; d. unm. 

iv. Benjamin-Hall, b. 1753. 

v. Elizabeth, b. 1750 ; m. Capt. John "Wylie, 1787. 

vi. Abraham, b. 1758. 

vii. Hannah, b. 1760. 

yiii. Mary, b. 1702. 

41. ix. Sevvall, b. 1764 ; m. Johnson. 
s. Lydla, m. Benjamin P. Ingalls. 

22. Michael 4 Tappax (Abraham? Jacob? Abraham}) married, 1750, 
Elizabeth Atkinson. They had : 

i. Michael, b. 1753. 

42. ii. William, b. 1700 ; m. Somerby. 






23- ^ Enoch 5 Tappax (Timothy? Peter?' Pete, 
1756, Sarah Coleman, of Newington, N. H. They 



Peter? Abraham 1 ) married 
had: 












. 















54 The Tappan (or Toppan) Genealogy. [Jan. 

i. Sarah, b. 1763. 

ii. Enoch-Colemax, b. 1705 ; m, Mary , and had three daughters : 

1. Sarah. 7 2. Eliza. 7 3. Henrietta 7 

24. Moses 5 Tappan (Timothy? Peter? Peter, 2 Abraham 1 ) married in 
1754, Mary Lunt, and in 1759, Anne Browne. He had by first marriage . 

i. Francis. 

By his second marriage he had : 

ii. Benjamin, b. 17C0 ; m. Mary Hidden, Feb. 12, 1784, and had eleven 
children. 

iii. Joshua, b. 1762; m. Anne Ford, April 30, 1791. They had six child- 
ren, of whom Ann, 7 m. Rev. Henry \Vilbur, and Margaret J m. Dr. 
Samuel Wyraan. 

iv. Moses, b. 1767. 

25. John 5 Tappan (Richard, 4 Peter? Peter? Abraham 1 ) married, 175 6, 
Martha Hall. They had : 

i. Richard, b. 1757; m. Elizabeth Gidding, 1780. They had one son 

Amos 7 and four daughters. 
ii. Isaac, b. 1759 : d. 1780. 
iii. Elizabeth (twin), b. Nov. 7, 1700 ; d. unm. 

iv. Abigail (twin), b. Nov. 7, 1700 ; m. Joseph Currier, April 9, 1785. 
v. Daniel, b. 1765 ; d. 1786. 
vi. Jonx (twin), b. July 25, 1707; d. July, 1792. 

vii. Martha (twin) , b. July 25, 1707 ; m. Charles Kennedy, July 15, 1798. 
viii. Mercy, m. Muses Kent, 1799. 

ix. Benjamin-Hall. b. 1772: m. Hannah Swett. They had four sons. 
x. Susanna, b. 1775 ; m. Thomas Boardinan. 

26. Capt. Joseph 5 Tappan (Richard? Peter? Peter? Abraham}) mar- 
ried Lucia Parsons. They had : 

i. Thomas, d. young. 
ii. Sarah, b. 1780. 
iii. Joux, b. 1782. 
iv. Richard, b. 1784. 
v. Joseph, b. 1788. 
vi. Phcece. 

vii. Thomas-Parsons, b. 1790; m. first, 5 arker; m. second, 

Parker. 

27. Daniel 5 Tappan (Richard? Peter? Peter? Abraham 1 ) married 
Anne . They had : 

i. Daxiel, b. 1773. iv. Susanna, b. 1778. 

ii. Mary, b. 1774. v. Anne, b. 1781. 

iii. Martha, b. 1776. 

28. Amos 5 Tappan (Richard? Peter? Peter? Abraham 1 ) married 
Lydia Clarkson. They had : 

i. Amos, b. 1775 ; m. Hannah Boardman, May 9, 1798. After the death 
of Mr. Tappan, Mrs. T. married William O'Brien, April 23, i780, 
and had by him one daughter who was the mother of the lion. John 
P. 8 Hale. 

29. Benjamin 5 Tappan (Benjamin? Samuel? Peter? Abraham 1 ) was 
born at Manchester, Mass., Oct. 21, 1747. He was married at the age of 
23, on Nov. 2, 1770, to Sarah, daughter of Lieut. William 3 (Capt. Robert, 2 
Rev. William 1 ) Homes, J. P. (Ar.'Co. 1747) by his wife Rebecca, daughter 
of Thomas and Sarah Dawes. Mrs. Tappan was a grand-niece of Benja- 
min Franklin. Her great-grandmother was Katherme, daughter of the 



1880.] 



The Tappan (or Toppaii) Genealogy. 



55 



Rev. Robert Craighead, of Londonderry, Ireland. (For further particu- 
lars concerning the Homes family, see " My Ancestors in America," by 
William B. Pierce, and the " Memoirs of Mrs. Sarah Tappan.") Ben- 
jamin Tappan died Jan. 29, 1831, aged 83. His wife died March 26, 1826. 
They had : 

i. Sarah, h. Aug. 1, 1771 ; rn. Nov. 9, 1799, to Mr. Solomon Stoddard, 
of Northampton. She died 1851. 

ii. Hon. Benjamin, b. May 25, 1773. He was a judge and U. S. Senator 
from Steubenvillc, Ohio. He m. March 20, 1801, Miss Anne Wright, 
of Farmington, Conn., and afterwards Mrs. Lord. 

iii. Rebecca, b. July 4, 1775; m. Nov. 1!. 1793, to Col. William Ed- 
wards [of Northampton, Mass., and afterwards of Hunter, Greene 
Co., N. i\, and Brooklyn, N. Y., where lie died. Col. E. command- 
ed a regiment of artillery in 1813, stationed at South Boston for the 
protection of the seaboard, by order of Gov. Caleb Strong]. 

iv. Lttcy, b. July 14, 1777 ; m. May 6, 1802, to the Rev. John Pierce, of 
Brookline, Mass. 

v. William, b. July 21, 1779; m. 1805, Sarah Patterson, of Northum- 
berland, Penn. She was b. 1787. He resided at Binghamton , N. Y. 

vi. Jon.v, b. July 26, 1781: m. Sept. 30, 1805, Sarah, dau. of Samuel* 
(Nicholas, 3 John. 2 Nicholas 1 ) Salisbury, by his wife Elizabeth, 
dau. of Samuel 6 (Rev. Joseph, 5 Samuel, 4 Henry, 3 Henry,- Henry 1 ) 
Sewall, by his wife Elizabeth, dau. of Edmund and Elizabeth (Wen- 
dell) Quincy. They had eleven children, His wife died Aug. 28, 
1830. He m. second, Sept. 22, 1 S4 1 . Mrs. Hannah (Pomroy) Ed- 
wards. In 1813 he was sent by the U. S. Government to London as 
a delegate to the International Convention of Peace. He died at 
Boston, where he resided. 

vii. Charles, b. Auir. 8, 1784; m. Ann Maria, dau. of the Hon. George 
Long, of Portsmouth, N. H., Sept. 24, 1809. lie d. at Washington, 
I). C, April 8, 1875. 

Tiii. Arthur, b. May 22, 1780; m. Sept. 18, IS10, Frances, daughter of 
Col. Edward Antill. She was a great-granddaughter of Gov. Mor- 
ris, of New Jersey, and a native of Montreal. Mr. Tappan resided 
in New York city. In 1833 he -was fleeted first prec-ident of the 
American Anti-Slavery Society. ( For further particulars, see " Life 
of Arthur Tappan.'*) He died July 23, 1805. 

ix. Lewis, b. May 23, 1788 ; m. Sept. 7. 1818, Susan, dau. of Dr. William 
Aspinwall, of Brookline, Mass. He died at Brooklyn, N. Y. 

x. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 31, 1700; m. Alexander Pnoenix. She died May 
30, 1819. 

xi. George, b. 1793 ; d. the same day. 

Note. — For the grandchildren of Sarah and Benjamin Tappan, see 
Bridgman's " Pilgrims of Boston." 

30. Rev. David 5 Tappan {Benjamin* Samuel? Peter? Abraham 1 ), D.D. r 
was born April 21, 1752. lie graduated at Harvard College, 1771. He 
was settled in the ministry at the Second Church in West Newbury, April 
I s , 1774. "On the 20th of December, 1702, he was inaugurated Hollis 
Professor of Divinity at Harvard University." (For further particulars, 
tee " Memoirs of the Life, Character and Writings of the Rev. David Tap- 
pan, D.D.," published with his sermons and lectures on Jewish Antiquities, 
by W. Billiard & Co., Boston, 1807.) He married March 31, 1780, .Mary, 
daughter of Dr. Enoch Sawyer. He died Aug. 27, 1803. She died Sept. 
\6oi, aged 72. They had : 

i. Dr. Faocij-Swv'ver, M.D., b. March 3, 178-2. He graduated at Har- 
vard, 1801 ; d. 18 17, at Augusta, Me. 
ii. David, b. May, 1784 ; graduated at Harvard, 1804. 
iii. Rev. Benjamin, b. Nov. 1788; Harvard, 1*05; ordained in Augusta, 
Me., Oct. 10, 1611. Ue m. Rlizabeth-Bowdnin Temple, dau. of 
Lieut.-Gov. Thomas L. and Elizabeth Bowdoin (Temple j Winthrop. 



56 The Tappan (or Toppan) Genealogy. [Jan. 



.-;? 



j i 

iv. Sarah. vn. George-W. 

v. Mary. viii. Mary-Eliza. 

vi. Hannah. 

31. Wigglesworth 5 Tappan (Benjamin,* Samuel? Peter? Abra- 
ham 1 ) married a daughter of Deacon Chase, of Saco, Me. He died in 
1794. They had : 

i. Sarah. ii. Samuel. 

32. Samuel 5 Tappan ( Benjamin? Samuel? Peter? Abraham 1 ) married 
Aurelia Bingham, of Manchester, Mass., and lived at Portsmouth, N. II., 
where he died, April 29, 180G. They had : 

i. Aurelia. |J 

ii. Amos. ^ ffjj 

iii. Rev. 'William-Bingham. A poet, and the author of several weil known 

hymns, 
iv. Eliza. 
v. Kev. Daniel-Dana, b. at Newbury, Oct. 20, 179S ; Bowdoin College 

1822; ordained in Alfred, Me., April 23, 1828 ; dismissed 1832, and 

settled in N. Marshfield, Jan. 23, 1839. 
vi. Samuel. 

33. Ebenezer 5 {Benjamin? Samuel? Peter? Abraham 1 ) married Eliza- 
beth Foster, and lived at Manchester. They had : 

i. Col. Eben, b. 1792 ; m. Nov. 20, IS 14, Sarah Hooper. He resided at 
Manchester, and died there in 1873. He was a democratic member 
of the Massachusetts legislature in 1843-4. He had ten children. 

ii. Benjamin, b. Sept. 29. 1793 ; m. April 4, IS i 6, Sarah Story. 

iii. Samuel-Foster, b. 1797 ; m. Dec. 25, 1827, Anne Smith. 

iv. Sarah-Foster, b. 1795 ; m. July, 1822, Deborah Foster. 

v. Elizabeth, b. 1800; d. 1803. 

vi. Elizabeth, b. 1801; m. 1827, Perley Brown. 

vii. Sarah-Foster, b. 1806 ; m. first, Woodbury Allen ; m. second, An- 
drew Brown. 

viii. Maria, b. 1808 ; m. Nathaniel Colby. 

34. Joseph 5 Tappan {Joseph? Samuel? Peter? Abraham?) married 
Aug. 9, 1828, Patience Marsh. They had: 



' 



i. Joseph-Little, b. Aug. 9, 1629, in Newburyport. 
ii. Anne-Grow, b. Jan. 6, 1831. 

35. Hon. Christopher* Tappan (Edmund? Christopher? Ptter? 
Abraham 1 ), " Col.,'' married Sarah, daughter of Judge Parker, of Ports- 
mouth, N. H. Mrs. Tappan was born 1746. He resided at Hampton, (?) 
N. H. ; died Feb. 28, 18 IS. They had : 

i. Abigail, b. May 1, 1770.. 

ii. Sarah, b. May 8, 1775 ; m. Rev. Nathaniel Thayer. 

iii. Edmund, b. Sept. 27, 1777 ; m. July 22, 1799, Mary Chase. 

iv. Mart-Ann, b. Oct. 27, 1780 ; m. Hon. Charles 11 Atherton, who d. 
Jan. 8, 1852. They had several children, of whom were living in 
1852, only a daughter and one son, the late lion. C. G. 7 ALhert'jn, 
b. July 4, 1804, d. Nov. 15, 1853. 

36. Abraham 5 Tappan {Edward? Abraham? Jacob? Abraham 1 ) mar- 
ried Mary Hunt. They had : 

i. Ephraim, b. Feb. 5, 1774; m. July, 1793, Eunice Pilsbury, of 2sewbu- 

ryport. Children — Man/ and Abruham. 1 
ii. Abraham, b, Nov. 6, 1779, and d. at sea. 
iii. Mary, b. May 26, 1784 ; in. John Dole, 1804. 






1880.] The Tappan (or Toppan) Genealogy, 57 

37. Edward* Tappan (Edward* Abraham? Jacob? Abraham 1 ) mar- 
ried Rachel Smith, Feb. 2, 1783. 

i. Joshua, b. 1784 ; d. 1787. 

ii. Harriet, b. Sept. 22, 1785; m. Jacob Gerrish. 

iii. Edward, b. July 26, 1787; m. Sept. 1, 1837, Mary Cbadbourn. 

iv. Nancy, b. 1769; d. 1814. 

v. Fanny, b. Aug:- 14, 1791 ; m. Eleazer Johnson. 

vi. Michael, b. 1794; d. 1832. 

vii. Charles, b. Feb. 10, 1796 ; in. Laura-Ann Noxon, July 17, 1826. 

They had six children. 
viii. George, b. 1798; d. 1801. 

88. .Stephen* Tappan (Edward? Abraham? Jacob? Abraham 1 ) mar- 
ried Edna Little, of Newburyport. They had : 

i. . Henry, b. 1787; d. young. 

ii. Sarah, b. Nov. 9, 1768 : m. Silas Green, May 20, 1808. 

iii. Henry, b. 1791 : d. 1840. 

iv. Esther-Wigglesworth, b. June 23, 1793 ; m. William Boardman, 

March 12, 1815. 
v. Judith, b. 1795; d. 1815. 

vi. Charlotte, b. May 28, 1798 ; m. Charles Burrill, May 17, 1824. 
vii. Nancy, b. Feb. 6, 1601 ; m. Royal Kimball, Dec. G, 1824. 
viii. Stephen, b. Dec. 26, 1803 ; m. first, Lucy Earden ; m. second, Emma 

Smith. 

39. Enoch* Tappan (Edward? Abraham? Jacob? Abraham 1 ) married 
first, Mary Coffin, Feb. 2, 1794; married second, Mary Merrill, Aug. 19, 
1797. lie had by first marriage : 

i. Morse, b. Jan. 1795 ; m. Cornelia Brown, Feb. 2, 1823. 

ii. Edward, b. April 7, 1796 ; m. Susan L. Smith, June 22, 1821. 

He had by second marriage : 

iii. Margaret, b. 1801 ; m. Edward Southwick, Feb. 3, 1828. 
iv. Hannah, b. 1799; m. John Kent, of Danvers, 1822. 
v. Mary-Coffin, b. 1798; d. 1801. 

40. Abner* Tappan (Edward? Abraham? Jacob? Abraham 1 } married 
Elizabeth Stanford, 1791. They had : 

i. Sophia, b. 1792 ; m. Oliver Crocker. 

ii. William. 

iii. Abner, b. 1797 ; m. Ann C. Nestor, June 2, 1828. 

iv. Richard-S., b. 1600; lost at sea, 1817. 

v. Elizabeth, b. 1802 ; m. James Rubles, 1820. 

vi. Arianne, b. 1S04 ; m. Serena Davis, 1839. 

vii. Harriet, b. 1810 ; m. John Paul J. Haskell, of Rochester, Me. 

41. Sewall* Tappan (Jacob? Abraham? Jacob? Abraham 1 ) married 
Dec. 22, 1789, Hannah Johnson. They had : 

i. Sewall, b. 1790; d. 1811. 

ii. Lydia-Ingalls, b. 1793. 

iii. Jeremiah-P., b. 1795 ; m. Lydia P. Balch, 1822. 

iv. Jacob, b. 1797. 

v. Sewall. 

vol. xxxiv. 6 



Letter of the Rev, Thomas Prince. [Jan. 






I 



LETTER OF THE REV. THOMAS PRINCE CONCERN- 
ING HIS FATHER'S ESTATE. 

Communicated by John J. Loud, A.M., of Weymouth, Mass. \. \ 



: j 



THE following is a copy of a letter from the Rev. Thomas 
Prince, author of "A Chronological History of New England," 
addressed "To Mrs. Elizabeth Ames, widow, In Providence, per 
R d Mr. Josiah Cotton." The original letter is in possession of John 
P. Lovell, Esq., of East Weymouth, to whom it has descended. 

A memoir of the Rev. Mr. Prince by Samuel G. Drake, A.M., 
accompanied by a portrait, is printed in the Register, vol. v. pages j 

375-84. A tabular pedigree on page 383 will be of assistance in 
understanding this letter. 

Boston, Oct — 25, 1738. 
Dear Cousin, 

Yours of the 14 th I received on the 19 th of this month, for which I 
thank you, and in answer, I heartily sympathize with you in all your afflic- 
tions & Pray & hope they may be sanctified to your spiritual & everlasting 
"Benefit. I should have wrote to you by Mr Cotton of Providence ; but 
was in a great strait of time when I saw him in this Town, and now hoping 
to see him here again either this week or next, I improve my present little 
time in answering your Letter & gettiug it ready against I see him. 

As for our dividing Fathers remaining Real Estate — We meet with so 
many Difficulties in the way, that we caunot yet come at it, nor have any 
Prospect of it until the next Spring. But as Br. Moses has bought out all 
Brother Joseph's Part, as also all Brother & Sister Thacher's Part, & I 
have bought out Sister mercy's Part at a Publick auction, have also Pro- 
vider for the Purchase of your Part of Sister alice's Part, at your Desire; 
there seems to be a greater Prospect than ever of getting thro' our Diffi- 
culties & coming to a Division iu case God pleases to spare Life till ye 
Spring ensuing ; tho if either Brother Moses, or Nathan, or Sister Browu, 
or I should die before then, it will greatly increase ye Diihculties to 
Survivors. 

But dear cousin, you a little trouble me in saying I was afraid to trust 
you before you were of age, whereas every body knows your Life was 
utterly uncertain, & therefore there could be no Dependence on your giving 
me a Deed then ; and yet at your desire by Amos Keech I did on ye 24 th of 
March last, Deliver him Forty Shillings for you, as also pass my Promis- 
sory note to Mr Thomas aston apothecary to Pay him Two Pounds eleven 
Shillings fy sixpence more, on your account for medicines the s'd Keech took 
up for you, or else ye s'd aston was not willing to let s'd Keech have them 
on your account ; as I suppose s'd Keech informed you. So that I trusted 
you with Four Pounds eleven shillings fy Six pence out of the Twelve 
Pounds I was to give you for your interest in Sister xUices Real Estate ; 
and I trusted you with this almost seven months before you came of age; 6c 
if you had not lived till then I knew I must have lost it all. 

And now, as you desire me to send you the Rest by Mr Cotton, I comply 



I860.] Letter of the Rev. Thomas Prince. 59 

with your Desire; yea more than what I Promised; as you will see by & 
by, iu ye account following. 

* For as I Promised you Twelve Pounds for your Interest in sister alice's 
Part of Father's Real Estate, which money was more than any of my 
Brothers would give for it ; so I Paid you Two Pounds by Keeek, as his 
Receipt which I send by Mr Cotton will show you ; so I have since answered 
my note to Mr aston for you of Two pounds, eleven shillings cV six Pence 
more, as Mr aston's receipt will show you also, which I likewise send you 
by Mr Cotton ; that is both sums together, Four Pounds, eleven S,- Six pence, 
as I observed above ; and with Mr Cotton likewise send you seven Pounds 
& ten shillings more in cash ; which will make in all Twelve Pounds, one 
shilling § six Pence, yea finding upon Mr aston's Books, that your Husband 
owed him Two Pounds nineteen 3,- a Penny when he Died ; I of my own 
accord am also willing to Pay that debt for you too. that you may be quite 
clear of s'd aston ; all w c sums together amount to Fifteen Pounds § seven 
Pence in dry money, which is Five Pounds more than any of my Brothers 
would give for your s'd Interest, and accordingly I send with Mr. Cotton 
ray Promissory note to Pay your s'd debt to s'd aston, all which Mr Cotton 
to Deliver you at your acknowledging the Deed of your s'd Interest to me, 
which I also send by him, and desire it may be done as soon as you conve- 
niently can. 

I likewise Present you with a Pair of New Gloves, as also 10 th 5 or 6 
little boohs for yourself & children; and hope I shall be able & ready to do 
something more for you hereafter. 

Dear cousin ! I am concerned for you, in your bereaved condition, & 
especially in such a Place of great Danger where you live. I am exceed- 
ingly concerned least you should be ensnared with ye dangerous opinions 
round about you ; & especially least you should by unhappy acquaintance 
& by a 2 d marriage fall into ye hands of some or other of a different Reli- 
gion from that which your Dear & excellent Father & Grandfather & 
Grandmother & uncle enoch & aunt alice lived & died in. O ! I beseech 
you, alhvays deariy Remember, & highly Prize, & carefully follow r their 
lovely examples. Instructions & Councils : O! live like them, tkat you may 
happily Die like them, and go after them, to the Ilea 'enly world where we 
rirmly believe they are in glory & Blessedness rejoicing together. 

Methinks ! I would fain have you contrive some way or other to Ieav 
that Place & return to Bridge water, or Middlehorou^h, or Rochester; and 

I. , . a i © > 

wish a way might be made for your living either in or near Boston, and 
with a view to this sometime or other, I would fain have you renounce all 
offers of marriage in those Parts of ye land where you are, unless it be a 
very good one of Mr. Cotton's congregation, you had better try to continue 
and rub along as a widow, and I humbly & earnestly Pray God to Preserve, 
Provide for & direct you &, yours. 

Tour acct at Dr. aston's stands, thus — 

iour Husband before Keech came down, if not before his voiage to Guinea 

took up medicines to y e value of £15 5 I 

ot which your Husband has Paid 

so y* there remains due to s'd aston 

And your acct w^ me stands thus, 
1*33 March 24, I Paid Mr Keech for you in monev . . . . £2 
October 23, I Paid Mr aston for you . . " 2 116 

4 11 6 



60 William Johnson and his Descendants. [Jan. 

[Ain't brought over, 
I send you by Mr Josiah Cotton in money 



4 11 6] 
7 10 




12 1 6 

2 19 1 


n 


15 7 
15 7 


Igjrjl 



& by ye same I send you my note to Pay aston ..... 

Elizabeth Ames Dr. to Thomas Prince . .... 

Elizabeth Ames to give credit by a deed .... 



I must desire you to take a ride over to Seeonck to acknowledg the Deed 
before a Justice belonging to this Province ; for a Justice of another Gov- 
ernment will not do. 

and thus Dear cousin, I comit you & yours to God's gracicus care & de- 
siring to hear often from you, I rest 

Your aiFectionate uncle 

Thomas Prince. 



WILLIAM JOHNSON AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 

By G. TV. Johnson", Esq., of Royalton, N. Y. 
[Continued from vol. xxxiii. page 339.] 

10. Thomas 3 Johnson, third son of Joseph 2 Johnson, of Haverhill, 
and grandson of "William 1 Johnson, of Charlestown, was born in Haver- 
hill, Dec. 11, 1G70, and was probably named Thomas for his maternal 
grandfather, Ensign Thomas Tenney, of Rowley- As Haverhill had been 
settled but thirty years when Thomas was born, he was one of its early 
inhabitants. He was seven years old when his grandfather William John- 
son of Charlestown died, whom he may have seen, aud at his own or their 
homes he must have personally known his paternal uncles John, Jona- 
than, 2achariah and Isaac, aud his paternal auni Elizabeth, none of whom 
died till he was of adult age. 

Thomas probably lived with his father till his rather late marriage. May 
1, 1700, in his thirtieth year, he married, in her twenty-first year, Elizabeth 
Page, of Haverhill, born there Sept. 14, 1G79. She was the oldest daugh- 
ter of Cornelius Page and Martha Clough, of the same town, who were 
married Nov. lo, 1647, and had seven sous and four daughters, whose de- 
scendants are numerous. Her mother was the daughter of John and Jane 
Clough, of Salisbury; the former born in 1613, came over from London in 
1G35 in the ship Elizabeth, and died July 26, 1691, aged 78 years, and the 
latter (I have not her maiden name) died Jan. 16, 1071;— SO. Thomas's 
wife had. by the will of her grandfather John Clough, a parcel of land in 
Haverhill, which was sold for twenty pounds, and besides a marriage fitting- 
out by her father, had from his estate three acres of his homestead, which 
was sold for twenty-five pounds. 

Thomas was a farmer. Farming if not his only was his leading pursuit. 
He inherited and accumulated a good property, which he bestowed on his 
children in his life time. Of laud he purchased I find recorded thirteen 
deeds, and of land he sold seven, besides his gift deeds to his sons. In 
Haverhill he had a farm of above a hundred acres, and in the adjoining town 



1880.] William Johnson and his Descendants. 61 

of Amesbury (in the partwbow Newton, X. II.) above three hundred acres of 
meadow and timber land, part of a tract of about five hundred acres, once 
jointly owned by him and his brothers with a saw-mill thereon. Probably 
ship-timber from this tract was sent to his cousin Capt. William Johnson, 
of Newburyport, who was extensively engaged there in ship-building. 

As I have said in my account of his father, Thomas's house was located 
by Mr. Merrill near that of Mr. Chase ; but I have been informed by Mr. 
Poor that Mr. Merrill afterwards placed it from a half to three-quarters of 
a mile due west from Mr. Chase's. He may have had a house in both 
places. 

He bought the day before his marriage of Joseph Bradley, ten acres of 
land with a dwelling-house thereon, lying north of Fishing river, being the 
game that said Bradley bought of Richard Brown, of Newbury ; and on the 
10th of June following he received from his father as a gift a deed of eleven 
acres from the northerly part of his father's homestead. In addition, his 
father willed him ; ' a common right ;" and on the 4th of March following 
the town granted him half an acre as a site for a barn. April 30, 1705, he 
administered upon and had a portion of his deceased brother John's estate. 

In 1728 the northerly part of Haverhill, the part in which Thomas, his 
brothers, and his sons John and Cornelius lived, was erected into a parish, 
called the North Parish ; a meeting-house built the same year, and, Nov. 
1730, an orthodox church organized therein, over which in the following 
month Rev. James Gushing was settled and ordained, and March "23, 1732 
-3, Thomas was made one of its deacons, and such he continued till his 
death. Thomas, his wife, his mother, his sons John, Cornelius and Na- 
thaniel, and his daughters Abigail. Ruth and Susannah, and the wife of 
Cornelius, became members of the new church at its formation, most of 
whom were discharged for that purpose on application from the village 
church. Thomas's family and near kindred numbered a fifth nearly of the 
new church, and of course liberally contributed towards building the meet- 
ing-house and the support of the minister. 

^ Deacon Thomas died, according to his grave-stone, " Feb. 18, 1712, in 
his 72d j( ar." He was interred in the North Parish cemetery, laid out 
by the to'.n in 173-1, which lies now partly in Haverhill and partly in Plais- 
tow, in the angle of two roads, not far from the house of Jesse Clement. 
His wife died in Hampstead six miles north of his homestead, probably in 
the family of his son John, June 12, 1752, and doubtless was buried by his 
side; but she has no monument, nor is there in the cemetery a monument 
to any Johnson save to him. 

Deacon Thomas was a man of piety and enterprise. He filled some of 
the principal town as well as church offices, reared a large family, accumu- 
lated a competence, and died near his birth-spot full of years and much re- 
spected. He retained his faculties to the last, having acknowledged the 
execution of a deed but a week before his death. I find on record no will 
executed by him, nor any settlement of his estate by the probate court. He 
disposed of it before his death by giving portions of his realty to his sons 
by deeds which are of record, and conveying doubtless his personalty and 
'••'• residue of his realty by trust deed (though none is of record), probably 
; -us son John, wherein provision was made for his wife and daughters; 
hii inexpensive way of settling an estate practised then oftener than now. 
* find recorded a deed from him to his sou Thomas, dated in 1727, about 
ue time of his marriage, of a farm in Amesbury, in consideration of " pa- 
*~ s -: 1(U !l love, good will and afiection ;" another dated in 1728, to his son 
vol. xxxiv. 6* 



i 

■ .: 



62 William Johnson and his Descendants. [Jan. 

Cornelius, of three parcels of land, in consideration of " natural affection " 
and "in full of his portion of my estate ;" and in 1734 another to his son 
John, in consideration of " the love and affection that I bear to my natural 
[not unnatural] and well beloved son," of three other parcels of land. 
Doubtless there were other gift deeds to his other children which they 
omitted to record. As his estate was not settled by the probate court, we 
have not a schedule of his personalty nor of his realty, except as the latter 
is described in recorded conveyances. 

By Elizabeth, his sole wife, Deacou Thomas had five sons and five daugh- 
ters, and all, a son excepted, arrived at adult age. Jabez lived but a day. 
Cornelius (no other one of the race bore that name or that of Jabez) was 
a farmer, possessed a competence which he disposed of by will, had by two 
wives sixteen children, from Haverhill removed to Andover, and from there 
to Concord, N. H., where he owned a farm of one hundred acres, in 177(3 
signed the lovaltv pledge to the revolution, and died at a great age. He 
was noted for a strong mind and memory, integrity, piety, and attachment 
to his church in Haverhill, and its minister, Air. Gushing, who was wont 
to say Cornelius was his right hand. As selectman, he computed with- 
out pen, parish and town taxes, and was so absent-minded he would 
at times hutit for the pipe in his mouth. He was proverbially skilful, hon- 
est and obliging. Thomas, the deacon's next son, was a well-to-do farmer 
of Plaistow, was married, reared a large family, and died there in 1782, in 
his 77th year, of cancer, whose youngest son, Jonathan, the writer we'll 
remembers. Jonathan died at a great age in Enfield, N. II., where he was 
a farmer, had a wife, but no children, an adopted nephew inheriting his pro- 
perty. He weighed two hundred pounds, was six feet high, of sandy com- 
plexion, a peace maker, grave and moderate. The record of Deacon Tho- 
mas's next son. John, the writer's great-grandfather, one of the founders and 
magistrates of Hampstead, N. II., where he died, will be given at large 
under the next head. Jeremiah, the youngest son of Deacon Thomas, in 
his nineteenth year, Oct. 8, 1735, married Abigail Wright, of Wilmington, 
and left issue ; was a farmer, owning in 1736 a part of the mill tract in 
Newton, probably the gift of his father. I have not his death date. The 
deacon's five daughters were all married, except perhaps Mehitable. Ruth 
may have been the wife of Jonathan Shepherd, and the mother of James 
Shepherd, of Hampstead, who married a sister of the second wife of Jesse 
Johnson, Esq., grandfather of the writer. Children of Deacon Thomas 
Johnson : 

i. Mehitabel, b. Feb. 26, 1701-2. 

ii. Cornelius, b. Jan. 17, 1703-'!. 

iii. Thomas, b. Jan. 6, 1705-6. 

iv. Abigail, b. May 15, 1707. 

v. Ruth, b. Aug. 24, 1709. 

11. vi. Jons, b Nov. 15, 1711. 

vii. Susannah, I). Jan. 25, 1711-15. 
viii. Jabez, b. April 21, 1716. 

ix. Jeremiah, b. June 30, 1717. 

x. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 2, 1720-21. 

II. Hon. Joux Jonxso^, 4 third son and sixth child of Deacon Thomas 
Johnson, of Haverhill, and gt.-grandoon of William Johnson, of Charlestown, 
was born in Haverhill, North Parish, -Nov. 15, 1711, and named for his 
great-uncle, Lieut. John Johnson of that town. He joined, Feb. 4, 1727-8, 
in his seventeenth year, " without reading relations," the village church, of 












' 















I860.] 



William Johnson and his Descendants. 63 



which he continued a member till Nov. I, 1730. when, in his nineteenth 
year, with many of his kindred and others, he withdrew from that church 
to form in that year the North Parish church, of which his father was soon 
ufcer made a deacon, and he continued a member till his death. He had 
not reached his majority, when, Nov. 25, 1731, he married Sarah, born 
Jan. 9, 1710-11, fourth daughter of Thomas and Hannah (Harriman) 
Haynes, of Haverhill West Parish. Sarah was of medium height, and 
like her husband was pious betimes, having Sept. 18, 1726, in her sixteenth 
year, " laid hold of the covenent " and been baptized, united in her eight- 
eenth year with the village church, and joined with her husband the North 
Parish church, of which she died a member. She belonged to one of the 
best families in the town, which was of the same stock, says tradition, 
from which was descended Hon. John Haynes, one of the first gover- 
nors of Massachusetts and Connecticut. Her father was one of the early 
settlers of Haverhill, and one of the founders of the West Parish church. 
His five daughters were all church members, and noted for comeliness 
and domestic virtues, whose husbands were magistrates, and known as 
"the five Johns," — John Johnson, John Merrill, John Webster, John 
Dow, and John Gage. Sarah's brother, Joseph Haynes, a man of 
strong will and good parts, born Jan. 25, 1715-16, and died Dec. 26, 1801. 
aged 85 years, renounced the orthodox creed and became a controversial 
debater and writer of no ordinary talent in favor of more liberal views. In 
1793 he published a pamphlet, presented by his son, Guy Carlton Haynes, 
to the writer in 1840, and now in his possession, containing an able argu- 
ment against a law of Massachusetts passed in 1792, punishing by fine un- 
necessary labor, innocent amusements, travel, and absence from church for 
three months, on Sunday — a courageous argument for the time, and proba- 
bly the first printed protest in the state against Sunday being regarded by 
law as holy time. Joseph by two wives had tweuty-two children; the birth 
of the oldest, Lydia, and that of the youngest, Guy Carleton, were over fifty 
years apart. [See Register, ix. 350 ; xxxi. 249.] 

Our boy husband. John, at the next town meeting after his majority, was 
elevated to the dig dty of hogreeve, a practical joke to this day played off 
in puritan New England on a newly married man ; an office requiring him 
— probably to symbolize the matrimonial ring and yoke — to ring and yoke 
for one year the uprooting and fence-defying swinish herd running at large. 

About a year and a half after his marriage, he bought for seventy pounds 
a lot of five acres in the North Parish of his brother Cornelius, and either 
found or built a house thereon; and the following year his father gave him 
twenty-nine acres ia two parcels, aud half o/ his Ayers meadow in Ames- 
bury. 

I'y purchase he added to his real estate till he became a large farmer. 
r>ut farming was not his only occupation. He was also a merchant, and 
was engaged with others in manufacturing ship-timber, in which last busi- 
ness his father and brother-in-law and friend Joseph Haynes were also em- 
ployed. Of the latter I have one of the tally- books, 'incidentally too he 
practised conveyancing, and as he was of superior trust-worthiness and capa- 
city, he must have exercised much influence in town and parish affairs, 
though he seems to have avoided town office, serving only as petit juror. 
In Haverhill North Parish John and Sarah passed the first seventeen years 
of their married life, and there all their nine children save the youngest 
were born and three of them died. As late as Dec. 3, 1747, he was resi- 
dent of Haverhill. Between that date and the 6th of April following, he 



64 William Johnson and his Descendants. [Jan. 

removed six or seven miles north to what was known as " Haverhill Dis- 
trict," or " Tirnberland," which in 1741 was severed from Haverhill and 
Massachusetts and became a part of New Hampshire. Here in 1747 he 
owned a farm of one hundred and two acres, for which he paid eleven hun- 
dred and forty-eight pounds. In his new home, John, in point of standing, 
means and capacity, was a leading man. Soon after he came to it, it was 
determined to erect the territory in which he resided, into a township, and 
he was selected by its inhabitants to go to Portsmouth and procure from 
the governor and council a charter of the proposed town ; which he accom- 
plished, advancing the fees and other expenses that it cost from his own 
pocket, which the town afterwards paid him. The town, named Hampstead, 
is about ten miles from Haverhill village, and when chartered contained 
but some fifty or sixty families or about two hundred inhabitants, and the en- 
tire Province of New Hampshire but thirty thousand souls. The charter 
bears date Jan. 19, 1749, and on the seventh of the next month the first 
town-meeting under it was held, which conferred on John the principal town 
office — that of first selectman . To this office he was several times reelected, as 
well as to other town offices, and the governor appointed him a magistrate : 
as such he held courts, took the acknowledgment of deeds, solemnized 
marriages, and sat as a member of the court of sessions, an inferior but 
important court held at Portsmouth*, for the entire province — as yet there 
were no counties — for the trial of breaches of the peace and the regulation 
of other provincial matters. He also dealt extensively in the purchase and 
sale of real estate in both Hampstead and Haverhill, of which I find nume- 
rous conveyances to and from him of record. At Wash Pond outlet he 
owned a saw-mill and yard, where he caused ship-timber and other lumber 
to be sawed. His dwelling-house, long since removed, stood near where 
Dr. Knight's was in 1840, nearly opposite to George's inn, and near the 
centre of the present village, which is scattered along the road leading from 
Haverhill to Chester. 

In this village resided also many years his sons Jesse and Caleb, after 
his death. The house of Jesse was standing in 18G2, when it was visited 
by the writer — a large house of two stories, built by him on his farm which 
he sold to Joseph Welch, afterwards known as the Kent farm. 

John's first wife, Sarah Haynes, a model wife and mother, died in her 
fiftieth year, Sept. 20, 1750. She bore him ten children, five of whom sur- 
vived her. Left with a family of young children, the youngest a little over 
a year old, within four months he married on Jan. 1751, Sarah Morse, sister 
of Lieut. Peter Morse, his colleague on the first board of selectmen. The 
secoud Sarah was of medium height, had bright hazel eyes, was a kind wife 
and step-mother, and survived him many years. She removed to Newbury, 
Vt, the residence of her step-sou Thomas, where she married Samuel Way 
for her second husband, whom she outlived, and a Mr. Barnard for her third, 
whom she also survived. She died after 1795, at the age of 65 years and 
upwards. She had no children by her last two husbands, who were farm- 
ers. By Sarah Morse, his second wife, John had seven children, and bv 
both his wives seventeen, twelve of whom survived him — six sons and six 
daughters. 

lie died, without leaving a will, in his 52d year, April 1, 1762. In fail- 
ing health and during a few months before his death, he effected a sale of 
a large portion of his real estate, with the design probably of settling, 
in his life time, his estate, after the example of his father. He did 
not live, however, long enough to accomplish his object. June 13th, of the 



1SS0.] William Johnson and his Descendants. 65 

next year, his oldest son Jesse was appointed by tbe probate court Lis ad- 
ministrator. Diminished by rearing a large family, by gifts to his children 
before his death, by bad debts, and by the misconduct of a partner, his estate 
was appraised on the 21st of December of the year last named, at four 
thousand nine hundred and fifty-nine pounds, fourteen shillings and six 
pence currency. The probate records being defective, it does not appear 
what division or disposition was made of his estate. 

In person he was tall, large-limbed, broad-shouldered, strong-sinewed, 
full and well-formed, but not corpulent, weighing from one hundred and sev- 
enty-live to two hundred pounds, with large brain, regular and attractive 
features, blue eyes, and dignified and pleasing manners. He was well edu- 
cated, active, sagacious, judicious aud scrupulously honest ; even a stranger 
had to exchange but a few words with him to discover that he was a man 
of intelligence and worth, and to esteem him. Such was his personal 
strength, that on one occasion, acting as an officer, he was known, with a 
hand on the collar of each, to part and hold at arms' length, as if they were 
children, two strong lighting Scotch-Irishmen. Much of tbe information 
concerning his person and traits was derived from his grandson, the late 
Thomas Simpson Johnson, Esq., of Iowa, son of Peter, and from Daniel 
Little, Esq., of Hampstead. whom the writer saw in 1829, who was then 
ninety years old, though he seemed but sixty, and twelve years old 
at John's death, and recollected him well. He knew also the writer's 
father and grandfather, and had seen five generations of their race. 

In the Gazetteer notices of Hampstead, and in the notice of the Centen- 
nial Celebration of the settlement of the town, there is no mention of John, 
nor of any of his family. The latest history of Haverhill merely names 
his grandfather as " one Joseph Johnson," and says nothing of his father, 
Deacon Thomas. 

Of the twelve children of the Hon. John Johnson that survived him, Jesse, 
the oldest, lived in Hampstead till 1787, when he removed to Enfield, N.H., 
where he died March 11, 1800, in his 6Sth year, leaving numerous issue 
and a good estate. In Hampstead he was farmer, bookbinder, bookseller, 
Btationer, selectman, magistrate, member of revolutionary committees, &c. 
Of Enfield he was one of the early settlers, the largest proprietor, select- 
man, magistrate and representative. He was thrice married and reared a 
huge and respectable family. He was the father of the Hon. Jesse John- 
son, of Hayues Johnson, Esq., and of Ben Johnson, Esq., an eminent 
lawyer. 

Col. Caleb Johnson, the second son, lived in Hampstead till 1815, when 
he removed to Caledonia, N. Y., where a daughter of his resided, and where 
he died at his son-in-law's, Hon. Willard H. Smith, Feb. 3, 1817, on his 70th 
birth day. Col. Johnson reared a large and respectable family, was com- 
mander of minute-men in the revolution, a wit, and a free-thinker who 
boldly avowed his liberal theological sentiments. Among his numerous 
descendants in the West were Col. John Holland Johnson ; the wife of Hon. 
John Scott Harrison, M.C. ; the wife of Robert Brown, Esq. ; the wife of 
"on. John T. Fisk ; and the second wife of Hon. William A. Moseley. 

Lii ut.-Col. Thomas Johnson, the third son, one of the pioneers of New- 
fury, Vt., was an olhcer in the revolution, reared a large and respectable 
family, left a large estate, and died in Newbury, Jan. 4, 1819, in his 77th 
year. 

Haynes Johnson, the fourth son, a respectable farmer in Newbury, Vc, 
died young, leaving issue. 



66 



Letter from Hon. John Quincy Adams. 



[Jan. 



Peter Johnson, the fifth son, at the age of nineteen, was a soldier in the 
regular revolutionary army, and had his right arm shattered in the battle 
of Bunker Hill, and afterwards served at Ticonderoga under his brother, 
'Col- Thomas, who pronounced hi in "as brave as a lion." After the war 
he became a farmer, reared a large and respectable family, and died in 
1806, aged 50 years. His sou, the late Thomas Simpson Johnson, of Iowa, 
was a magistrate, a soldier in the war of 1812, and had three grandsons in 
the Union army in the late rebellion. 

John, the sixth son, was an educator, and died voung and unmarried in 
Enfield, N. II. 

Miriam, his daughter by his first wife, married, Oct. 10, 1752, Ebenezer 
Mudget. merchant, of Weare, N. H., by whom she had niue children, and 
surviving him she married Capt. William Marshall, an independent thinker 
and head of a sect known as Marshallites, by whom she had no children. 
She was a member of an orthodox church. 

His five daughters by his second wife. Sarah Morse, were all married 
and left issue: Sarah to Jacob P:i£e, of Littleton, X. II.; Ruth to Samuel 
Hoag, of "Weare, N. H. ; Elizabeth to Jacob Currier, of Amesbury, Mass. ; 
Judith to Jesse Prescott, of Deerfield, N. H. ; and Tamar to Joseph Bonat 
or Bonny, of Littleton, X. II., who removed to the state of New York. 
The husbands were formers, except Mr. Currier who was a ship-irousmith. 
Children by Sarah Haynes : 

12. i. Jesse, b. Oct. '20, 1732. 

ii. Sarah, b. July 0, 1731 : bant, and d. four days after. 

iii. Miriam, b. March 22. 1735-6. 

iv. Caleb, b. Feb. 3. 1737-8. 

v. Moses, b. April 13. 17-10 : bapt. a week later ; d. Nov. 8, 1748. 

vi. Thomas, b. March 21, 1741-2." 

vii. Ruth, b. Feb. 3, 1743-4 ; d. March 22 following. 

viii. Elizabeth, b. March 6, 1744-5 ; d. May 1, 1747. 

ix. Jomv, born Feb. 9, 1746-7; d. Aug. 18, 1757. 

x. Haynes, b. Aug. 28, 1749. 

Children by Sarah Morse : 

xi. Sarah, b. Oct. 29, 175i. xv. Judith, b. April 4, 1758. 

xii. Ruth, b. April 23. 1754. xvi. John, b. Feb. 9. 1760. 

xiii. Elizabeth, twin of Ruth. xvii. Tamar, b. July 6, 1761. 

xiv. Peter, b. June 7, 1756. 

[To be continued.] 



A GENEALOGICAL LETTER FEOM THE RON. JOHN 
QUINCY ADAMS.* 

Communicated by the Kev. Horace Edwix Hayden-, of Brownsville, Fenn. 

TjMIE REV. JOSIAH ADAMS, to whom the following letter 
JL was addressed, was the fourth child of Patrick and Elizabeth 
(Davis) xYdains, who lived in "Woodfield, Belmont Co., Ohio. Pat- 
rick was the son of Josiah Adams, f who emigrated to Ohio from 

* This letter will be read with interest, not so much for the genealogical facts which it 
contain-, for fuller accounts of the Adams family w;!i be found elsewhere ; but for the light 
which it throws upon the views concerning genealogy prevalent here in the early day a of 
the republic. There were evidently many in New England who sympathized with Gov. 
Samuel Adams ir his aversion to genealogy. — Editor. 

f The christian name Josiah is found among the Bniintrce Adamses. A great-grandson 
of Kcnry 1 (Henry, 3 John 3 ), Josiah', of Medfield, was born about 1693.— Editor. 



1880.] Letter from Hon. John Quincy Adams. 67 

Massachusetts, and claimed to be nearly related to President John 
Adams. Patrick had ten children, six daughters and four sons — 
Jemima, Abigail, Eliza, Lydia, Rebecca, Elizabeth, Josiah, Levi, 
John and Edwin. 

Josiah Adams was born at Woodfickl, Belmont Co., Ohio, in 
1818. His father was by trade a brick-maker, and of such limited 
means that he was unable to give to his children a liberal education. 
Josiah possessed a naturally vigorous mi ad, which led him to add 
to the rudimental education of a village school, by diligent reading 
and study of such books as were available. He early consecrated 
himself to the ministry of the gospel in the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and by close application to study, attained a prominent 
position in the Conference with which he was connected. In the 
pulpit his manner is described as " prepossessing, solemn and im- 
pressive, his style appropriate, and his matter always neat, chaste, 
well arranged and instructive." He was, for two years of his min- 
istry, settled in Parkersburg. Virginia, where, in addition to his pas- 
toral charge, lie filled the position of a Professor in the Young Ladies' 
Seminary located there under the auspices of the M. E. Church. 
lie married Sarah Ann Ford, and removed to Xew Lisbon, Ohio, 
where he died in 1851, aged 33, leaving several children, and a 
reputation for earnestness of purpose, and piety, intelligence and 
worth, which is not always so easily attained. 



The Iter. Josiah Adams, Parkersburg, Virginia. 
Sir— Quincy, 25 August, 1840. 

I have received with much pleasure your Letter of the Gth inst., and 
in your name and lineage am happy to recognize the probability of kindred 
blood between you and me. — The name of the patriarch of the s:ock from 
which I am descended was Henry. He was one of the first settlers at 
Mount \\ollaston. before the incorporation in 1640 of the town of Brain- 
tree.* To these settlers there was granted hy the town of Boston, while 
Mount "Wollaston formed a part of it, lots of land consisting of o acres for 
each member of the family constituting one household. The grant to Hen- 
ry Adams was for ten persons — himself, his wife, seven sons and one daugh- 
ter. He had one other sou, who, according to the tradition, returned to Eng- 
land, and probably never settled in this country. I have copies of the wills 
of this Henry Adams, of his sou, grandson and great-grandson, who was 
my father's father. About fifty years ago Elijah Adams of Medfield, one 
ot the descendants of the patriarch, collected and formed a genealogical 
table of all the male descendants from him then living, to the fourth gene- 
ration. They were then very numerous, and I suppose are now four times 
more so. One of the sons of Henry, named William,t lived some time at 

•^Gen^.ilodcal accounts of the descendants of Henry Adams, of Braintree. can be found 
in the Register, vol. yii, page 39; Morse's History of Sherborn and Hollistori, pp. 1 to 
l"; Drake's History of Boston, folio edition, page GT-3 ; the Vinton Memorial, pp. 29.-3-30; 
*»m the Thayer Memorial, pp. 37-48. The English ancestry of Henry 1 Mains, of Brain- 
we, printed in the seventh volume of the Register, and copied into Drake's Boston and 
Morse's Sherborn and Holliston, and referred to in the- Vinton Memorial, is probablv a 
'^'mention. See .Register, vol. xy.xi. page 333.— Editor. 

£,*o relatiouship between this William Adams aud Henry of Braintree has been found. 
—Editor. 



$S Letter from Hon. John Quincy Adams. [Jan. 

Cambridge, and afterwards at Ipswich, in the County of Essex, where he 
left posterity, and he may perhaps have been your ancestor. But besides 
the Henry Adams of Mount "Wollaston, there were among the first colo- 
nists of New England several others who were not known to have been 
related in blood to him, or to each other. Thomas Adams was one of the 
grantees named in the charter of Charles I. The names of Alexander, 
Charles, Christopher, Ferdinando, Jeremy, Nathaniel, Philip, Richard, and 
Robert Adams, are mentioned in Farmer's Register as among tiie earliest 
settlers of Massachusetts, none of them apparently of the family of the first 
Henry. There is in truth scarcely a county in England or Wales where 
the name of Adams is not familiar among the people. The surnames of 
modern times are said to have originated during the Crusades in Palestine, 
the baptismal name alone having been before that time in common use 
among Christians. The chieftains of the crusading expeditions then assum- 
ed the names of the places whence they came, or of the estates of which 
they were owners. The common soldiers added the christian names of 
their fathers as a patronymic to their own christian names, and hence the 
surnames composed of christian names, with the addition of so?i, are so 
numerous. The single letter s added to the baptismal name was merely a 
variety and abridgment of the same mark of filiation, and hence the 
surnames compounded of christian names with the additional s are also 
abundant. The artificers frequently assumed the names of their trades, 
which passed to their children and descended to their posterity, whether of 
the same or any other occupation. Among the artificers of the crusading 
armies there was no mechanic art in larger demand than that of the smith, 
and hence the multitudinous Smiths of modern times. It was the maiden 
name of my mother. 

Elijah Adams, of Med field, a first cousin of Hannah Adams,* the histo- 
rian, aud the author of the round robin genealogy of the family which is 
above mentioned, dedicated his work, of which he had a high opinion, to 
my father, then President of the United States. Elijah was a plain coun- 
try farmer, with only a common school education, and who deemed it no 
inconsiderable illustration of the family that he himself had obtained the 
dignity of a Justice of the Peace. His knowledge of the world was not 
very extensive, but he had taken great pains, and made profound researches 
in the town and parish records of Medfield, Boston, Medvvay,. Stoughton, 
Mendon, Sharon, Chelmsford and others, as well as Braintree, to gather 
die names of all the male progeny of the patriarch Henry. Among the 
rest he addressed himself for information concerning the family to His Ex- 
cellency, Samuel, then Governor of the Commonwealth, who underrated all 
genealogies as much, perhaps, as Elijah over-valued them. He told Elijah 
that he knew nothing of his ancestors beyond his own father, that he had 
never made any inquiries concerning them fur fear of finding that some of 
them had been perhaps too much exulted, with a significant gesture to ex- 
plain that he meant the exaltation of the gallows. I shall never forget the 
astonishment with which Elijah more than once related this anecdote to me, 
without even adding a word of comment by himself upon the fact. 

My father was not thus indifferent to his ancestry, nor distrustful of them. . 
There was no reason for such distrust. They were in humble life, farmers 

* Ilannah 7 Adams, the historian, was a qnintoye of Henry 1 Adams of Braintree, through 
Henry, 2 Henry, 3 Thomas, 4 Thomas, 5 and Thomas^ her father. If Elijah, the genealogist, 
was a firsE cousin of Hannah, 7 he must have been a grandson of Thomas. 5 of Medfield. 
Query, who vras his father ? Is his genealogical manuscript preserved ?— Editor; 



1880.1 Genealogy of Thomas Williams. 69 

and mechanics, and whatever of memorial remained of them was blameless. 
Thev had all of them been members of the Congregational Church, first 
inhered at Mount Wollaston in 1630, of which he was himself many years 
a member, and of which J am a member at this clay. Upon the copy of 
each of the three wills of his great-grandfather, his grandfather and his 
father, which lie preserved, there is endorsed in his handwriting, under date 
of *20 April, 1774, a short notice of the testator and of the spot in the town 
where he lived, and the lines from Pope, 

" Av~hat fortune had he, pray? — his own ; 
And better got than Bestia's from the throne." 

Your occupation as a minister of the gospel and as a teacher of a seminary 
of learning, are of a higher order in the estimation of the world, than those 
of my ancestors, preceding my father, of his name — but I am well assured 
that you concur in the opinion of the same poet, that 

" Honor and shame from no condition rise," 

and that all the honor consists in the fulfilment of the duties of life. 

Should you visit the commonwealth of Massachusetts according to the 
purpose mentioned in your letter, and find it suit your convenience, I shall 
be happy to see you at my house. 

I will make up and transmit with this letter a small parcel of pamphlets, 
of which I ask your acceptance. 

With my best wishes for your health and happiness, subscribing myself, 
very respectfully, 

Your Obed't Serv't, 

John Quincy Adams. 



THE GENEALOGY OF THOMAS WILLIAMS OF NEW 
HARTFORD, OXEIDA COUNTY, X. Y., 

INCLUDING LOTH MALE AND FEMALE LINES OF DESCENT, TOGETHER 
WITH A NOTICE OF HIS ANCESTORS.* 

Compiled by George Hlxtixgtox Williams, Esq., of Utica, N. Y. 

1. Robert 1 Williams, of Roxbury, Mass., was probably born in Nor- 
wich, Norfolk Co., England, about 1593. He came to America in 1637, 
and was admitted a freeman at Roxbury, Mass., May 2, 1638. He died at 
Roxbury, Sept. 1, 1003. He married Elizabeth IStratton, who was born 
1594, died July 23, 1674, ae. 80 years. Children : 

i. Mary, b. in England; m. Nicholas \\ r ood. 

ii. Samuel, h. in England, 1632; d. Sept. 28, 1(598. 

iii. Isaac, b. in Roxbury. Sept. i, lf»3S. 

2. iv. Stephen, h. in Roxbury, Nov. S, 1640 ; d. Feb. 15, 1720. 

v. Thomas, b. in Rosbtiry ; i. young. 

Robert Williams afterward married, Nov. 3, 1675, Margaret, widow of 
John Fearing, of Hingham. lie also married (?) Martha Strong, who 
died Dec. 22, 1704, jb. 91 years. 

* The rmmes and date- of hi? direct ancestors, as far hack as Robert Williams of Rox- 
; ,;, T. have- been taken from Stephen W. Williams's History and Genealogy of the Wil- 
ll «ns Family, making such, corrections and additions to the list as aave been "obtained fros* 
•'tu:r sources. 

VOL. XXXIV. 7 



70 



Genealogy of Thomas William, 



[Jan, 



2. Stephen 2 Williams (Robert 1 ), born at Roxbury, Nov. 8, 1640; 
married Sarah, dau. of Joseph Wise, of Roxbury. He died Feb. 15, 1720. 
Children : 

i. Sarah, b. Aug. 13, 1667; m. Mr. Hastings. 
ii. Mary, b. Dec^. 20, 1669 ; m. Mr. Choate. 
iii. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 1, 1672; m. Mr. Tucker. 
iv. Bethiah, b. April 26, 1676 ; m. Mr. Rice. 
v. Stephen, b. Aug. 27, 1678 ; ni. Sarah Payson. 
vi. Robert, b. 16S0; d. 16S0. 
vii. Joseph, b. Feb. 24, 1631. 

3. viii. John, b. Jan. 16, 1683 ; m. Dorothy Brewer. 
ix. Henry, b. April 9, 1686; d. Aug. 1666. 

x. Grace, b. April 2, 16S3; m. Jno. Metcalf, Oct. 1718. 
xi. Catherine, b. Nov. 9, 1690 ; d. June, 1707. 
xii. Thomas, b. July 27, 1091 ; d. Sept, 169-1. 

8. John 3 Williams (Stephen, 2 Robert 1 ), born Jan. 16, 1683-4 ; mar- 
Tied Dorothy Brewer. Children : 
i. Nathaniel, b. 1717. 

4. ii. John, b. Dec. 25, 1719. 

iii. DoROTnY, b. Jan. 14, 1721 ; m. Jan. 9, 1739, Ralph Holbrook, of 

Brookline, Mass. 
iv. Margaret, b. Feb. 19, 1723 ; m. Sept. 11, 1743, Thomas Greggs. 

4. John 4 Williams (John, 3 Stephen, 2 Robert 1 ), born Dec. 25, 1719 ; 
married May 25, 1749. Ann, dau. of Thomas Bird, of Dorchester : died 
Feb. 8, 1794. His wife, born Aug. 10, 1724, died April 9, 1769. Mr. 
Williams was a tanner at Roxbury, and always an ardent revolutionary 
whi£. Children : 

i. John, b. Aug. 20, 1750; m. 1st, Polly Champney ; m. 2d, Sarah 

Wheeler, Aug. 7, 1778. 
ii. Anna, b. 1752 ; m. Joseph Houghton, Dee. 27, 1772. 

5. iii. Thomas, b. Jan. 14, 1754 ; in. Susannah Dana, Nov. 20, 1777. 

iv. Ezekiel, b. Oct. 2, 1755 ; rn. 1st, Sarah Dana, Nov. 20, 1777 ; m. 2d, 

widow Codner. 
v. Stephen, b. June, 1757; m. Abigail Smith, Dec. 23, 1779. 
vi. Mary, b. Aug. 6, 1759; m. John Smith, Dee. 9, 1779. 

Mr. Williams afterwards married, Jan. 3, 1 .'70, Rebecca Winslow. 
Children : 

vii. Lucy, b. Feb. 17, 1772 ; m. George Standart. 

viii. Sally, b. May 10, 1775 ; m. 1st, Elisha Esfcy ; m. 2d, Noah Olmstead. 

ix. Rebecca, b. March 29, 1781 ; m. Stephen Childs. 

x. Samuel, d. young. 

5. Thomas 5 Williams (John, 4 John, 3 Stephen, 3 Robert 1 ), born at Rox- 
bury, Jan. 14, 1754 ; married Nov. 20, 1777, Susanna, dau. of Thomas and 
Martha (Williams) Dana ; died at Utica, N. Y., July 31, 1817. 

He was one of the Roxbury ik minute men " in revolutionary times, and, 
together with his brother-in-law, Thomas Dana, Jr., took part in the famous 
Boston tsa-party.* Children : 

* A part of the persons composing it rendezvoused at his father's house, where they 
completed their disguise as Indians. To some extent they were disguised from each other, 
lest in some future emergency the detection of one might lead to that of others. On their 
return home the two friends refused to join in sackinq-'the house of a tory, regarding it as 
no part of their enterpri-e. Thomas Williams was called into fietnal service as a nnnute- 
raah only for frroinonths r and then engaged in Imt one skirmish. After the skirmish at 
Lexington he was called out, and aided in driving the "Regulars" into Boston. He was 
a tanner, and with his brother Ezckiol removed to Framingham in 1783, where they started 
another tannery, continuing it until 1790, Becoming involved, the brothers broke" up, and 



I 






6. 


i. 




ii. 


rr 


iii. 


8. 


iv. 


9. 


v. 


10. 


vi. 



1880.] Genealogy of Thomas Williams. 71 

Sckey, b. Sept. 25, 1778. 

Patty, b. June 23, 1780 ; d. Oct. 1, 1784, 

Thomas, b. Jane 5, 1782. 

Martha, b. June 1, 1785. 

William, b. Oct. 12, 1787. 

John, b. Jan. 8, 1791. 

11. vii. Laura, b. Sept. 2G, 1794. 

6. Sl'key 6 Williams (Thomas? John, 4 John? Stephen, 2 Robert 1 ), born 
at Roxbury, Mass., Sept. 25, 1778; married Feb. 5, 1797, "William, son of 
Lauehlan and Lucy McLean ; died at Vernon, N. Y., May 20, 1804. 

Mr. McLean, born Dec. 2, 1775, died at Cherry Valley, N. Y-, March 
12,1848. lie started in 1794 at New Hartford, the " Whitestown Ga- 
zette," which lie removed to LTtica in 1798. This was the second paper 
started in the county and the first in Utica, and is the direct ancestor of 
rhe present " LTtica Morning Herald and Gazette." Children : 

i. Aldert 7 McLeax, b. Sept. 12, 1793; in. Aug. 20, 18-20, Rebecca, dau. 
of John and Rebecca Wilson ; d. at Rome,' N. Y.. Jau. 11, 1872. 

ii. Harriet 7 McLean, b. May 10, 1800; d. June 25. 1801. 

iii. Adeline 7 McLean, b. July 13, 1802 ; living unmarried in Utica, N. Y. 

iv. Thomas Dana 7 McLean, b. April 6, 1801 ; d. Sept. 12, 1833. 

7. Thomas 6 Williams ( Thomas? John? John? Stephen? Robert 1 ), horn 
at Roxbury, Mass., June 5, 1782 ; married Dec. 25, 1805, Rebecca, dau. 
of Benjamin E. and Sarah (Arnett) Stockton ; died at Vernon, N. Y., Sept. 
11,1858. Tanner at Vernon, Oneida Co., N. Y. He was an Elder in 
the First Presbyterian church. His wife, born at Trenton, N. J., June 30, 
1783, died at Clinton, N. Y., April 1-1, 1807. Children : 

12. i. Benjamin Siockton, b. Oct. 4, 1600. 

13. ii. Scsan Dana, b. May 1. 1803. 

iii. Charles, b. Feb. 20, 1810 ; d. June 9, 1835. 

14. iv. TnoMAS, b. Mav 20, 1812. 

v. Harriet Newell, b. Aug. 16, 1S11 ; d. Aug. 18, 1814. 

15. vi. Harriet Newell, b Jan. 23, 1817. 

vii. Rehecca Stockton, b. Aug. 1,1810; m. May 31, 1842, James V. P. 
Gardner ; d. May 21, 1845, leaving no issue. 

16. viii. William Wallace, b. Oct. 25, 1821. 

ix. Alexander Frederick, b. May 17, 1826 ; d. A^ril 24, 1827. 

8. Martha 8 "Williams ( Thomas? John? John? Stephen? Robert 1 ), born 
June 1, 1735, at Framingham, Mass. ; m. Oct. 14, 1812, Asahel, son of 
C<»1. Nathan and Martha Seward, of New Hartford, N. Y. ; died Jan. 14, 
18C5. 

Mr. Seward was born Aug. 19. 1781 ; removed to Utica in 1792, where 
ne died Jan. 30, ISoo. He was for many years engaged with his brother- 
i'1-luw, William Williams, in the printing and publishing business, under 
the style of Seward & Y\ 'illiams : and in the latter part of his life in the 
direction of the Capron cotton-mill at New Hartford. Children : 

17. i. Tuomas Williams 7 Seward, b. Oct. 11, 1813. 

ii : Asauel 7 Sfjward, b. March 24, 1815; d. March 26, 1815. 

13. iii. Alexander 7 Seward, b. Nov. 28, 1816. 

iv. James H. 7 Seward, b. Sept. 2, IS 18. 

v. Edward W. 7 Seward, June 30, 1*20 ; d. March 3, 1821. 

vi. Nancy S. 7 Seward, b. July II, 1*22 : d. Nov. 11, 1836. 

vii. Amelia 7 Seward, b. June 11, 1824; d. May 16, 1830. 
viii. Susannau \V. 7 Seward, b. Sept. L'A, 1826 ; d. May 17, 1S67. 

v' ;' ' *keir families removed to Whirestown, Oneida Co., X. Y., settling in the village of 
( s Hartford. They were soon relieved from debt. Thomas was the first deacon of the 
i]\\ ' ■'»_' n-eh in Oneida Co. In 1812 he removed to Cazenovia. Madison Co. His wife, bom 
Jt "; », 17-54, died at Utica, Feb. 8, 1841. 



72 



Genealogy of Thomas Willi 



iam$. 



[J 



an, 



'A 

I : 



9. William 6 Williams (Thomas," John* John? Stephen? Robert 1 ), 
born Oct. 12, 1787, at Framingham, Mass. ; married Nov. 5, IS 11, Sophia. 
dau. of Samuel and Dolly (Prentice) Wells, of New Hartford, who was 
born April 18, 1791, died Nov. 12, 1831. He died at Utica, N. Y., June 
10, 1850. 

Mr. Williams was a printer and bookseller, at first in partnership with 
his brother-in-law, Asahel Seward (8). The firm of Seward & Williams 
existed from 1808 till 1824, when Mr. Williams carried on the business, at 
that time the largest establishment of the kind in the state outside of New 
York city, alone till 1836. In the war of 1812, he served at Sackett's 
Harbor, as aid on Gen. Collins's staff, and was afterwards colonel of a regi- 
ment at Utica. He was an elder in the first Presbyterian church of Utica 
from 1812 till 1836, and was the first superintendent of its Sabbath School, 
which was the first one in the county. In 1836 he removed with his fatui- 
ty to Tonawanda, Erie Co., N. Y., caring for a large landed estate. 
Children : 

19. i. Samuel Wells, b. Sept. 22, 1812. 

ii. Frederick:, b. Nov. 5, 1813 ; d. May 5, ISM. 

iii. Henry Dwigiit. b. Jan. 31, 1815, at Utica ; m. April 27, 1837, Mar- 
tha, dau. of Geortre and Martha Noyes, of Oriskany, N. Y., who 
was born in IS 13, a*. July II, 1379. No issue. 

iv. Harriet Well-, b. Feb. 20, 1S16; d. Oct. 1, 1824. 

20. v. William Frederick, b. Jan. 11, 1818 ; d. Feb. 14, 1871. 
vi. Laura, b. May 23, 1819 : d. Sept. 23, 1820. 

vii. Sophia Wells, b. July 23, 1821 (twin) ; m. July 29, 1813, James V. 
P.. son of Daniel and Senchy Van Buren Gardner, of Manilas, 
N. Y., who was b. July 15, 180S. No issue. 

21. viii. Edward Seward, b. Juiy 23, 1821 (twin) ; d. Feb. 28, 1865. 
ix. Julian, b. April 10, 1823 ; d. Sept. 21, 1821. 

x. James Carnahan, b. Au? 22. 1821 ; d. March 12, 18.52. 

xi. John Porter, b. Aug. 20, 1826; d. July 25, 1857, at Macao. He 
went out as master's rnate with Com. Perry's U. S. Expedition to 
Japan in 1853 ; he had charge of the Electric Telegraph, and erected 
the first line ever put up in Japan. 

22. xii. Robert Stanton, b. Sept. 10. 1828. 

xiii. Alfred Pell, b. May 12, 1830 : d. Jan. 10, 1831. 
xiv. Thomas, b. Nov. 11, 1^31 ; d. Nov. 13, 1831. 

Mr. Williams afterward married, March 26, 1833, Catherine, dan. of Hen- 
ry and Catherine Huntington, of Rome. N. Y., who was born Dec. 3, 1797, 
died at Utica. Sept. 10, lSofi. Children : 

xv. Henry Huntington, b. May 28. 1831 ; d. Aug. 15, 1835. 

xvi. George Huntington, b. July 26, 1837 ; d. Get. 22, 1855. 

10. Joun 6 Williams (Thomas? John? John? Stephen? Robert 1 ), born 
Jan. 8, 1791, at New Hartford, N. Y. ; married April 13, 1813, Elizabeth, 
dau. of Joshua and Margaret Leonard, of Cazenovia, N. Y'., born Sept. 21, 
1792, died Nov. 1, 18-30. lie died July 14, 1853. Merchant and manu- 
facturer at Cazenovia, N. Y r . ; elected to the state legislature of 1829, and 
was a member of the electoral college in 1840. Children : 



23. i. 

24. ii. 
iii. 
iv. 

25. v. 



Margaret Leonard, b. April 20, 1814. 

Leonard, b. Dec. 1, 1815. 

Thomas, b. Nov. 7, 1317 ; d. Feb. 15, 1S50. 

Edward Field, b. Am;. 27, 1820 ; d. Feb. 24, 1812. 

Helen Maria, b. Dec. 9, 1822; d. Nov. 6, 18C6. 
26. vi. Laura Herd, b. May 21, 1820. 

vii. Mary Dana, b June 12, 1828 ; d. March 22, 1855. 
viii. Jonx, b. Jan. 20, 1831 ; d. Jam 10, 1853. 
ix. Dana. b. Oct. 15, 1832 ; d. April 29, 1833. 
x. William Wirt, b. Aug. 8, 1835. 



? ? 






1880-3 Genealogy of Thomas Williams. 73 

11. Laura 6 Williams (Thomas* John* John. 3 Stephen, 2 Robert 1 ), born 
Sept, 26, 1794, at New Hartford, N. Y. ; m. April 13, 1813, Gen. Jabez 
N.M. Kurd, of Cazenovia; died April 22. 1817. Child : 

i. Ann Sophia 7 IIurd. b. Oct, 8. 1315 ; m. June 31, 1837, Robert J, Ym- 
dewater, of Albany, N. Y., who afterward removed to San Fran- 
cisco. He was largely interested in steam vessels, both on the. Hud- 
son Paver and the Pacific coast. He d. Sept. 11, 1867. 

12. Benjamin Stockton 7 Williams {Thomas? Thomas? John,* John* 
Stephen? Robert 1 ), born at Vernon, Oneida Co., N. Y., Oct. 4, 1806' ; mar- 
ried Jan. 23, 1828, Sarah Ann, dau. of Edward and Dorcas Webber, who 
was born Aug. 10,' 180S. at Vernon, K. Y., and died May 18, 1844. Tan- 
ner and farmer at Vernon. Children : 

27. i. Edward sTeeder, b. April 7, 1829. 

ii. Caroline Henrietta, b. Oct. 15. 1830; d. Sept. 18, 1839. 
iii. James V. P. Gardner-, b. June 23, 1838 ; d. March 17, 1839. 

lie married Feb. IS, 1847, Harriet A.., dau. of Jacob and Elizabeth 
Lampman, of Vernon, N. Y. She was born Dee. IS, 1823. Children: 

iv. William Penn, b. Oct. 11, 1849. 

y. Sarah Ann Wedher, b. Jan. 2, 1852. 

vi. Jenny Lind, b. Feb. 7, 1856 ; d. Jan. 26, 1862. 

13. Slsax Dana 7 Williams (Thomas? Thomas? John? John? Ste- 
phen? Robert 1 ), born at Vernon, May 1, 1808 ; married Sepc.'l, 1830, John, 
son of Joseph and Olive Barton, of Utiea, X. Y. ; died at Clinton, July 27, 
1374. 

Mr. Barton was for many years pastor at Camden, N. Y. Compelled 
by poor health to give up preaching, he settled in Clinton, N. Y. He was 
born March 15, 1795, died April 28, 1877. Children: 

i. Caroline Adriance Platt 8 Barton, b. June 21, 1831. 

ii. Cornelia Adela 8 Barton, b. June 20, 1833; d. March 25, 1835. 

iii. Joseph Sewell* Barton, b. May 25, 1836 : d. May 1, 1843. 

28. iv. Nancy O. Roberts 3 Barton, b. July 26, 1833. 
v. Thomas Williams 3 Barton, b. Dec. 4, 1840. 

14. Thomas 7 Williams (Thomas? Thomas? John? John? Stephen? 
Robert}), born at Vernon, May 20, 1812 ; married July 27, 1836, Eliza 
Ann, dau. of Gen. John J. and Sarah A. Knox, of Knoxboro', N. Y. She 
was born April 18, 1815, died May 2, 1870. He married Nov. 20, 1877, 
Mary A., dau. of Henry and Esther Buxton. She was born Dec. 18, 1837, 
at St. John, X. B. He was a tanner at Vernon from 1836 till 18G0. In 
1871 he was appointed U. S. National Bank Examiner. Children : 

i. John J., b. Sept. 16, 1838; d. Sept. 30, 1864, in consequence of a 
wound received the day before from a sharp-shooter when command- 
ing and hading the color company of the 117th regiment of N. Y, 
Volunteers, in a charge on Fort Gilmore,. before Richmond, Va. 

ii. Charles Eugene, b. Sept, 28, 1840: d. Feb. 12, 1847. 

15. Harriet Newell 7 Williams (Thomas? Thomas? John? John? 
Stephen? Robert 1 ), born Jau. 28, 1817 ; m. July 27, 1836, William PL. son 
of William and Dorothy B. Talcott, of Rome, N. Y. ; died March 9, 1873. 

Mr. Talcott was bom April 7, 1809, died Dec. 8, 1868. Was a civil 

engineer, and early employed on the Genesee Valley Canal and Erie Canal. 

Resided in Jersey City. After 1845 was chief engineer of the Morris 

(N. J.) Canal Co., and acting president at the time of. his death. Children : 

vol. xxxiv. 7* 



74 Genealogy of Thomas Williams, [Jan. 

#| 

29. i. Cornelia Barton 8 Talcott, b. Oct. 23, IS38. g | 

30. it. Edward Norris Kirk 8 Talcott, b. June 10, i&40. 

iii. William 8 Talcott, b. May 3, 1S-13 ; m. Dec. 15. 1870, Kate Augusta, 
dan. of Anthony and Celinda Saunders, who was b. May 2. 1846, 
d. March 8, 1873. 

jy. Harriet Williams 3 Talcott, b. Jan. 19, 1845; m. Oct. 17, 1372, Jo- 
seph F.j son of Joseph F. and Sarah A. Randolph, of Morristuwn, 
N.J. 

v. Rebecca Williams 8 Talcott, b. Oct. 23. 1846 ; d. March 15, 1S69. 

vi. Julia Darling 8 Talcott, b. Feb. 28. 1849. jr* 

vii. Sophia Gardner 8 Talcott, b. Sept. 3, 1851. 

16. William Wallace 7 Williams (Thomas? Thomas? John? John, 3 
Stephen, 2 Robert 1 ), born Oct. 25, 1821 ; married Dec. 18, 1849, Anna. 
dau. of Isaac and Clarinda Jerome, of Carnillus, N. Y. He graduated at 
Amherst College 1843. and Auburn Theological Seminary 1846. He was 
ordained pastor of the church at Carnillus, N. Y., in 1847 ; and in 1853 was 
called to the First Congregational Church in Toledo, Olrio ; received the 
degree of Doctor of Divinity from Hamilton College. » 

17. Thomas W. 7 Seward (Martha* Williams. Thomas, 5 John* John 3 
Stephen, 2 Robert 1 ), bom Oct. 11, 1813 ; married July 14, 1840, Sarah Dana. 

dau. of Ezekiel and Sally (Curtiss) Williams of Auburn, N. Y. She was || 
born May 30, 1817 ; died March 15, 1875. 

He was banker in Detroit and Cazenovia, N. Y. In 1850 he entered 
the book business in Utica. where his father had carried it on half a century 
before. In 1873 was made treasurer of State Lunatic Asylum. Children : 

31. i. Hugh Watson, b. June 5. 1841 ; d. April 20, 1871. 
ii. Robert Alexander, b. March 29, 1847. 
iii. Adaline McLean, b. March 14, 1849. 
iv. Catharine Huntington, b. Sept. 19, 1851. 

18. Alexander 7 Seward (Martha* Williams, Thomas? John.* John 3 
Stephen? Robert 1 ), born Nov. 28, 1810; married June 9,1853, Cornelia, 
dau. of Charles P. and Cornelia Kirkland, of Utica, N. Y. She was born 
Nov. 9, 1827, died Feb. 11, 1864. He married June 13, 18Co\ Anna Ray- 
mond, dau. of Joseph and Elizabeth Beardsley, of Richfield, N. Y. Child 
by first wife : 

i. Charles Kirkland, b. April 21, 1854 ; d. March 28, 1879. 
Children by second wife : 

ii. Frederic Raymond, b. Feb. 27, 1871. 
iii. Elliott Huntington, b. May 31, 1874. 

19. Samuel Wells 7 Williams (William? Thomas? John? John? 
Stephen? Robert 1 ), born Sept. 22, 1812, at Utica: married Nov. 25, 1847, 
Sarah, dau. of John and Catherine (Bailey) Walworth, of Plattsburgh, 
N. Y'., who was born Nov. 6, 1815, at Plattsburgh, N. Y. 

Mr. Williams sailed as a missionary to China, June 15, 1833, where he 
remained most of the time until 187G. He resided at Canton and Macao, 
in charge of the Mission Press from 1833 to 18-30. In 185.3 he was ap- 
pointed secretary of the U. S. Legation, and resided at Peking from 1862 
to I87G, acting as Charge 6? Affaires several times during that period. 
He is the author of " Chinese Commercial Guide," "Easy Lessons in Chi- 
nese," ' ; English and Chinese Vocabulary," " Tonic Dictionary," '-Middle 
Kingdom," and a " Syllabic Dictionary of the Chinese Language." He 
received the degree -of LL.D. from Union College in 1848, and" was ap- 



1880.] Genealogy of Thomas Williams. 75 

1 pointed Professor of the Chinese Language and Literature in Yale College 
in 1877. Children : 

i. Walworth, b. Oct. 18, 1848; d. Aug. I, 1861, at Utica. 

ii. Catherine Parker, b. May 19, 1850 ; d. Nov. J, 1863, at St. Albans, 
Vermont. 

iii. Olyphant, b. June 27, 1852 ; d. Aug. 4, 1358, at be. Albnns, Vt. 

iv. Sophia Gardner, b. July 17. 1855; m. -April 24, 1877, to Hon. Tho- 
mas George Grosvenor, C.B., second son of Baron Lord Ebury, 
of Moor Park, Kickmausworth, Eng. 

v. Frederic Wells, b. Oct. 31, 1857. 

20. William Frederic 7 Williams ( William* Tftomas? John* John? 
Stephen, 3 Robert 1 ), born Jan. 11, 1818, at Utica ; m. Aug. 10, 1848, Sarah, 
dau. of Julius and Julian (Carv) Pond, of Clinton, N. Y., who was born 
May 8, 18*23. died at Mosul, July 1, 1854. lie died at Hardin, Turkey, 
Feb. 14, 1871. 

Mr. Williams was a missionary of the American Board in Asiatic Tur- 
key. He was ordained at Utica, Feb. 3, 1848. and sailed Jan. 3, 1840. lie 
resided at Beirut till 1851, when he went to Mosul till 1858, and afterward 
lived at Mardin. He received the degree of D.D. from Hamilton College, 
July, 1870. Children: 

i. Talcott, b. at Abeih near Beirut, July 20, 1849; m. Sophia Wells 

Royce, May 28, 1879. 
ii. Cornelia Pond, b. at Beirut, Dec. 3, 1^50. 
iii. Henry D*vight, b. at Mosul, Feb. 10. 1854. 

Mr. Williams married April SO. 1857. Harriet B.. dan. of Rev. Sewall 
and Eliza W. Harding, of Auhurndale, Mass., who was born Sept. 13, 
1836, died at Mosul, Dec. 25, 1857. 2s o issue. 

lie again married Oct. 7. 1861, Caroline P.. dau. of J. Richmond and 

Barbour, of Staten Island, who was born at Philadelphia, I r eb. 24, 

1835, died at Flarpoot, Jan. 15, 18G5. Child: 

iv. Samuel Wells, b. at Mardin, Oct. 27, 1802 ; d. Sept. 2G, 1864. 

He again married Oct. 11, 18G6, Clara Catherine, dau. of Horace P. and 
Caroline (Hungerford) Pond, of Fulton, N* Y., who was born at Vercon 
Centre, N. Y., Aug. 28, 1831. Children : 

v. Sophia Wells, b. at Mardin, April 25, 1870. 

vi. \A'illiam Frederick, b. at Fuiton, N. Y., July 26, 1871. 

21. Edward Seward 7 Williams (William? Thomas? John* John? 

Stephen? Robert 1 ), born at Utica, July 23, 1821 ; married Oct, 13, 1847, 
Mary B., dau. of John E. and Content Read, of New Hartford, N. Y., who 
was horn June 9, 1822. died May 21, 1804. He died in the army at Spring- 
field, Tenn., Feb. 28, 1805. Planner; settled at Morris, 111. Children: 

i. A daughter, b. Sept. 3, 1849 ; d. Sept. 4, 1849. 
32. ii. Catherine Huntington, b. July 23, 1852, at Morris, III. 

22. Rop.ert Stanton 7 Williams (William. 6 Thomas? John* John? 
Stephen? Robert 1 ), born at Utica, Sept. 10, 1828 ; married Oet. 18, 1854, 
Abigail Obear, dau. of Charles R. and Abigail (Obear) Doolittle. of Utica, 
N* V., who was born at Utica, Nov. 15, 1830. Banker at Utica. N. Y., 
-nice 1852, and has held several offices under the city government. Children : 

i. George Huntington, b. Jan. 28, 1856. [Compiler of this article.] 

ii. Cornelia d'ArsY, b. July 15, 1858. 

iii. Jons C\\>ir, b. Sept. 6, 1859. 

iv. Emma Prentiss, b. Dec. 30, 1860 (twin) ; d. Oct. 6. 1862. 

v. Samuel Wells, b. Dec. 30, I860 (twin) ; d. Dec. 31, I860. 



76 Genealogy of Thomas Will lams. [Jan. 

23. Margaret Leonard 7 Williams (John? Thomas* John? John. 3 ft \ 
Stephen? Robert 1 ), bora April 26, 1814; married May 9, 1835, Nathan T., 

son of Judge Nathan Williams, of Utica, N. Y. I j 

Mr. Williams was born June 20, 1507, died May 4, 1858.. Resided at 
Ithaca, N. Y., where he was cashier for many years of the Tompkins Co. 
Bank. Children : 

33. i. Mart Elizabeth, b. July 30, 1835. 

ii. Margaret, b. Aus:. 3, 1837 ; d. Sept. 21, 1861. 

iii. Jonx Hobart, b. Jan. 14, 1840; d. Sept. 1!), 1S7S. 

iv. Sophia Vandewater, b. July 6, 1847 ; d. March 29, 1372. 

24. Leonard 7 Williams (John* Thomas? John, 4 John* Stephen* 
Robert 1 ), born Dec. 1, 1815; married Sept. 24 ; 1840, Sophia, dan. of 
George and Anna Ehle, of Cazenovia, who was born April 28, 1&23. 

25. Helen Maria 7 Williams (John? Thomas? John? John* Stephen? 
Robert 1 ), born Dec. 9, 1822 ; m. Oct. 9, 184"), Leorv M. Boyce, son of Dr. 
Levi and Celia G. Boyce. of Cortland, N. Y. ; died*Nov. 6, 1S66. 

Mr. Boyce was born Feb. 10. 1816, died July 23, 1849, at Chicago, 111. 
Children : 

i. Charles William 3 Boyce, b. Aug. 23, 1846. 

ii. JohnLeory 8 Boyce, b. Feb. I, LS48 ; d. Oct. 1848. 

iii. Simeon Leonard 3 Boyce, b. Jan. 14, 1850. 

26. Laura Hurd 7 "Williams (John? Thomas? John? John? Stephen? 
Robert 1 ), born May 21,1820; married Oct. 9, 1845, George W., son of 
George W. and Abby (Kirkhara) Phillips, of Ithaca, N. Y. 

Mr. Phillips was born May 5, 1819, died Oct. 2G, 1850. Children : 

i. Amelia Elizabeth 8 Phillips, b. May 22, 1847. 
ii. John" Frederick 8 Phillips, b. Oct. 8, 1848. 
iii. Mary Williams 8 Phillips, b. Jan. 13, 1850. 

27. Edward Webber 8 Williams (Benjamin S.? Thomas? Thomas? 
John? John? Stephen? Robert 1 ), born April 7, 1S29 ; married Mary E., 
dan. of John and Mary Van Iloesen, of Kuoxboro', N. Y. Child : 

i. James Gardner, b. Nov. 13, 1852. 

28. Nancy O. R. s Barton (Susan D? Williams, Thomas? Thomas? 
John? John? Stephen? Robert 1 ), born July 26, 1838 ; married Oct. 22, 1868, 
Augustus Sherrill Seymour, sou of H. C. Seymour and Mary Sherriil, of 
Piermont, N. Y. Children : 

i. Cornelia Talcott 9 Seymour, b. Sept. 17, 1865. 

ii. John Barton 9 Seymour, b. July 4, 1873. 

iii. Amelia Thomas 9 Seymour, b. March 17, 1877; d. March 7, 1S78. 

29. Cornelia Barton 8 Talcott (Harriet N? Williams, Thomas? 
Thomas? John? John? Stcpli.cn? Robert 1 ), born Oct. 23, 1838 ; married Oct. 
4, 1866. Henry Wright, son of Henry and Esther Buxton, who was born 
April 24, 1833. Children : 

i. William Talcott 9 Buxton, b. Sept. 3, 1867. 

ii. Harriet Talcott 3 Buxton, b. Oct. 11. 1869. 

iii. Henry Wright 9 Buxton, b. D^-. 14, 1871. 

iv. Esther Wallace 9 Buxton, b. March 30, 1875. 

30. Edward N. Kirk 3 Talcott (Harriet N? Williams, Thomas? 
Thomas? John? Joan? Stephen? Robert 1 ), born June 10, 1840; married 
May 23, 1807, Antoinette M., dau. of George W. and Emily Watkins. 
Children : 



1380.] Letters of Charles Lidget and Francis Foxcroft. 77 

i. William Hubbard, b. March 27, 1870, at Dover, N. J. 

ii. Rebecca Williams, b. June 7, 1871, at Dover, N. J. 

iii. George Watkins, b. May 9, 1875. at Greenwood, Va. ; d. Jan. 29, 

1876. 
iv. Julia Emila, b. March 8, 1878, at Grass Lake, Micli.- 

31. Hugh Watson 8 Seward (Thomas W.? Martha* Williams, Tho- 
mas? John* John? Stephen, 2 Robert 1 ), born June 5, 1841 ; married May 30, 
1864. Emily King, of Utica ; died April 20, 1871. Children: 

i. Hugh Watson, b. Jan. 14, 1866. 

ii. AiiiEE A., b. Aug. 20, 1867 ; d. Sept. 23, 1870. 

iii. Thomas W., b. Aug. 15, 1869. 

iv. Emily A., b. Dec. 8, 1870. 

32. Catherine Huntington 8 Williams (Edward S.? William? Tlw- 
mas? John* John? Stephen? Robert 1 ), born July 23, 1852; married Ephra- 
im W. Richards, of Morris, 111., Oct. 18, 1S7G ; died at Casev, Oct. 13, 
1878. Child: 

i. Edith Williams 9 Richards, born June 16, 1673. 

33. Mary Elizabeth 8 Williams (Margaret L.? John? Thomas? 
John? John? Stephen? Robert 1 ), born July 30, 1835; married Dec. 2, 1857, 
Ebenezer Toucey Turner, son of Ebeuezer and Phebe Toucey Turner, of 
Newtown, Conn. Children : 

i. Samuel Bates 9 Turner, b. Nov. 9, 1858. 

ii. Jonx Williams 9 Turner, b. Dec. 25, 1859; d. Nov. 10, 1861. 

iii. Ebenezer Toucey 9 Turner, b. Oct. 8, 1863. 

iv. Elizabeth 9 Turner, b. June 20, 1866 ; d. June 27, 1866. 



LETTERS OF CHARLES LIDGET AND FRANCIS FOXCROFT, 

1692. 

Communicated by John S. H. Fogg, M.D., of South Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from vol. xxxiii. page 410/ 

No. III. Letter of Charles Lidget. 

London 28 May 169 2. 

By the severall vesseils from this place rudely towards you & injurious 
to myself have been wanting this whole year, Still supposing might have 
gone together, but such is the unsteadiness of y e times y* afford no certain 
ohservacSn ; however to retrieve what may be, and briefly to touch on 
what is materiall in Severall of yo™ come to hand since y e long time I wrote 
to you, must begin at yo" 17 th Oct 90, The ffish for me then shipped by 
Altbrd you have heard to be miscarryed, wish yo r interest had been Secured 
:it some tollerabie rate as mine was where the fault lay know not, what of 
mine may any more go that way, hope you'l advise timely to insure, for y e 
p'mio, from X. England runs higher than any where not coming in flieets, 
so without Convoy. Know not what to say to Mitchell or Whitamore's 
charging me w th horsekeeping, believe y u have been Satisfyed err allowed, 
& that charge taken off by disposall long since. Thank yo r News pr my Wife 
<>f 8 Dec r 90, on y c first past she lay in with a Daughter. That business 






pi 



78 Letters of Charles Lidget and Francis Foxcroft. [Jan, 



of Hamilton's proves to me intollerable by the injustice of M r Jeffryes, am 
in Law with him here upon y e nicety of time, 'denying y e payrn 1 to be made 
as I formerly wrote you, I must yet pray yo r trouble in y* affair, y t y u please 
to have it signified by all possible demonstration. An acc t made up w th said 
Jeffryes, where M r Burroughs was by shews the money to have been in his 
hands long before y time, as y u will find by Greens Note, Sheafs Note & 
Waldrons note long lying in my hands due from s d Jeffryes, what was move 
p d him by Byfield was toward m r ffreneh's & y e Ball wanting to compleat y* 
ordered on m r Graffort, w ch plainly demonstrates y l it was never intended 
for any other use, the truth of this from y e Ace 1 it Selfe coppyed, m r Wal- 1 j 

dron's knowledge, m r Burroughs, & yo r owne, who have since iook'd into it, 
I most heartily pray may w th duplicates be sent me in the most authen- 
tick manner y u can or so much as you think needful by y e very first, hope 
m r Jeffryes will be so ingenious not to disown this, have wrote him under 
your cover & p r usall so is left open. Yo rs 10 th Jan y 3 d & 24 th ffeb ry saies 
rec 1 of mine, y u greatly did befriend me in y e Ace* of m r Thos: Strongs hatts 
w ch have given him Nett proceeds being £112:12:3 pray you please to Sig- 
nifie to him, that you will Shipp him at his order Seeing the Debts once in, 
Soe continue to advise him as you have occasion, if y u incourage to a quick 
M r kett, & reasonable returne beleive may in that sort of business be worth 
yo r Notice, is my Wife's kindred in S l Olaves Southwarke a Stapler, wish 
that y u had yet sent me Schedule of my small Trunk papers, w ch I doe a 
little want, hope err this may be done. The Laud whereon Marables M 

lives was intended as to me granted, both new & old, at Such a part of the j| 

ffarme as y e Lease mentions. If he or any other trespass a Tree contrary 
to the terms & restraints of Lease, doubt not but y ul exact the strictest dam- 
age, but y* is w th you. A Spurr will do well if he prove negligent w ch am 
sorry to hear of, having been otherwise Spoken by all \ rt knew him, to p r form 
his obligacon by way of Rent howsoever oblig'd pray that he be held to, if 
in ought else incorrigible, y* Seat in y ese daies of trouble may invite a bet- 
ter tennant on better terms, however as now divided may be best yet to 
stand. Andrew Mitchell doubtless will not delay the delivery of what 
Cowes were short to Marable y e last year, whether 2 or more, as y u appoint 
& See by Lease he was to have. Major Howards Estate believe proves 
but lean yet hope may properly pay y e Exec rB Debts by preference accord- 
ing to their quality, my chalenge therein is very plain & may in little time 
have my own XV th others avouchm 1 thereto. 

m r Barton beleive leisurly Shortens his Debt. & Charles Red ford doubt- 
less made y u good the 20 Q tl18 fish left out of Alford, 'tis Storied here that 
he lived to be his own Exec r , w ch me, but more to Doc f Bullevant (being 
concerned) proves strange. The Gardiner upon his raising his Rent, & at 
y e end of his Lease making good y e fence as he found it so many yeares 
Since, w ch he is oblig'd to doe, may be sure all reason will be done him by 
renewing it. Am sorry yo r compliance w th that little rascall Jeffryes (who 
I hope never to forgive) ruu so farr to allow Newton's trickling Bill, biu 
beleive you intended Service to me in it, so am content tho fear mu3t doe 
it again in London. Am glad to hear Capt. Davis likely to do well again, 
& keeps paying Something. Whosoever shall refuse paying y u interest 
upon Mortgage, please on my behalfe as my Mother's Exec r to constrain 
by Suite of s d Mortgage at such time, & after such manuer as you shall 
judge best & convenient. 

It makes me Shake to hear of 70 Cord wood cut & carryed off by Mara- 
ble & fathered upon my order, past transgressions cannot be recalled of that 



1880.] Letters of Charles Lidget and Francis Foxcroft. 79 

Sort, but if a Stick to walk more than their Sere rail Leases allow to be 
niedled with, I pray yo r utmost Severity to them tho' Somewhat to my own 
Loss, for such abuses are intolerable & not repairable. 

The frequent occasions yo r Bro r Daniel hath of being in y e Country and 
his own fullness of business in Town beleive allows not soe exact a Corres- 
pondency as may be requisite, when I think to recomend Such a One to yo r 
Service, I consider y l it may purchase some advantage on y c other hand, & 
I know none more probably soe to be than m r Jeremiah Johnson, who 
seems covetous of employm* from thence & from John fibrster having but 
a small consignm 1 do observe him greatly to speak of him, & in his favour, 
if you make a small tryall & please to pass it a3 my recomendation, shall 
not faile to promote it & will look y e more without design in you. could 
wish you had lett me from one time to another know how y e Trade of our 
Country went forward & backward, a very pticular acco* of all comodities 
fitt to be purchased here & prop, for y* M r kett, as well y e quantity quali- 
ty Season & advance will there Sell for is what I pray of y u , how goods go 
off. whether may bear y e great freights & insurance. Any advice or 
p r posicon upon this Head will be glad to hear fiom y u . Yo r Bro r having 
not come to hand Severall effects y u expected would (as he tells me) can- 
not comply with the paym* of £100 to me, as y u to me & him Signify ed, in 
discourse w th him found y u had wrote him for severall goods, w ch he not 
having. yo r expected effects intended none of them, but I thought it might 
be yo r disappointment wholly to be neglected & accordingly press'd him 
thereto. Some few daies after told me had bought & ship't Some p te of 
your order, bought at time as he Saies for yo r Acco 1 , hope may prove well 
as was by me intended. He hath lately married one of yo r Sisters (a Lady 
haue the honour to know) & well to her advancement hath p r sented of his 
own kindness £500 ster 1 an hon ble glorious Action. Do not reach y e mean- 
ing of a want in my Exec'ship to make it something worth, if so wish y u 
had been p r ticular that might have Supply'd it, if my Quality as Such or 
authority to y u be short please to be plainer in it. The £50 Jeffryes stum- 
bles at w th you was not gainsaid at y e time of his and my adjustm 1 nor can 
I at this distance give correction to what my Books say. If Coweli Sen r 
be dead pray improve my obligacon upon that p r ticular, and on any other 
p r te of his estate as it contains, for if that Mortgage fall short there is a 
reserve for further Satisfaction. If by advice and Custome of Law as it 
now runs w th you we are strong enough for Shippen in Avery's Case, pray 
Spare it not, the rent may Serve us as well as him, & we ought y e sooner 
to come into our right by Mortgage to assist y e paym* of Woodmancy & 
her joynt bond. Am sensible of y c trouble my concerns give y u , hope will 
not be long err I ease y u & Study to deserve yo r past Services. This fall 
must determine y e Settlem* of both Englands one not to be Separated from 
y e other, give y u my hearty thanks for y e Severall publick occurrences w m 
you praying such vo r continuance while I am here, if not w th y u in y e fall, 
may conclude my stay to yo r & mine advantage : however take this as y u 
please, lett things go how they will, expect a change of yo r Govern" (if not 
governm') into y e hands of p r sons not less unacceptable than y e present. 
■The affair of Leisler after a long attendance upon, & 2 Hearings at Coun- 
cil board, is resolved into y e inclosed order & opinion, how well 'twill agree 
*v L our people's stomachs a little time may try. The severall household goods 
left by my Wife hope are not forgotten, some of them being Subject to the 
Moth will require p r ticular care, to be opeu'd & air'd w ch being packed up 
again w a y e Shreds of paper Strewed about y e folds after dipt in Oyle of 



80 Letters of Charles Lidget and Francis F oxer oft. [J 



an 



Spike & dry'd will greatly p r serve from y* aile. The Several! adresses 
Sent hither Mackarty hath long since given y u ace* of, w th many necessary 
circumstances thereto relating, what hath since been transacted I referr y u to 
Co 11 Andrew Hamilton, Gov r of both Jerzyes, and Postmaster Gen 1 of all 
North America, who soon intends from York to Boston where his first ac- 
quaintance will be sought of you, his converse you'l be pleased w til and big 
friendship I beleive to be very firme. 

What money you can possibly recover for my Acco* please with what 
Speed may be to remitt me after best manner you can, giveing me timely 
notice for insurance. Via Bilboa if good fjish may do well but not to ho 
run without advice. M r Rateliffe last week in Town gives you his Service. 
has a Mind once again upon little incouragun' to leave a Sure Benefice here 
for another Strowl into America. S r Edmund forced to y e neighboring gov- 
ern m* as a punishm* for his former behavior may be a comfort to our people 
and a joyfnll Neighborhood. Co 11 ffletcher at N. York loves them most 
affectionately for a towardly generation. Yo r pap r . tokens prove no more, 
& yo r Solid p r sent p ffoye miscarryed, tho' I faile not to lett M r Ball & Rey- 
nolds know y e intent. Yo rs of prim ffeby last about a week since came to 
hand, am sorry to hear y e Desolation of Yorke, and the misery of the whole 
when fore'd to Such Strange waies of raising money as yo r inclosed print con- 
tains beyond all Examples, but it is a very good direction how oppression 
may be Settled upon Men by their own inventions, when such tilings by use 
are made easy to a people 'tis not to be easily taken off again. If Peter 
Smith my Kinsm 11 be with you and shall want a Supply not exceeding £20 
please to favour him thereiu taking receipt, indeed am to blame did not Sig- 
nify Soe much err this. Copy of my acco 4 with Major Hey wood being kept 
w^ you, pray that you transinitt me y s originall I left together with any 
objection can be or is made thereto. You tell me of a rough draught of 
my affairs y l you intend me, w ch shall be glad to receive. To all our friends 
my hearty salutes which I pray you & yours to accept proceeding from all 
Sincerity of Heart. Cha* Lidget. 

No. IV. Letter of Francis Foxcroft. 

Boston October G th 1G92. 
Coll. Lidget 

S r least I should miss the opportunity I forbear to inlarge only take 
notice I intend you in Peltry I00 lb pr. the Walter & Thomas Jerremiah 
Fcye mast' a new Ship of about 100 Tuns. She will hardly Saile till win- 
ter. I have provided what may Serve you (and shall send by the Mast 
Ships) in the affaire of Jeffries, m r Thomas is about clearing the mortgage 
the rest I shall put in Suit, but expect m r Jeffryes will challenge upon the 
recovering ought of that nature into your hands, your kinsman Peter was 
with me but not haveing your order paid him not any money, have write ni r 
Strong, all English Comod tye3 Sells at C' per C pr Invoice but most goods 
well bought will bare more. Kerseys & cource lumens are a drugg, re- 
turnes againe are dear, Soe little being brought to us that the price of Sugar 
is 22-6 melasses now 22 d pr Gall. Oyle 2<J l pr Ton, but the merchants 
price hath been all this Summer Sugar at 21-0 to 22-G. mell 3 l'2 d to 14 li 
Oyle 18 to 20 l fish pr Bilboa 10-pr q'all your 20 q'all I cannot recover mi- 
till things be Settled referring to Redfords Estate your tennants make heavey 
complaints for the Ratings w ch you promised (they say) to consider, we have 
hanged 19 for witchcraft 1 pressed to death for the same 6 dead in Goal 10 



1 880.] Letters of Charles Lidget and Fra?icis Foxcroft. 81 

Run away amongst whom Mess" John Alclen, Hez: Usher, P. English & 
wife Capt. Gary's wife of Charlestowne these break Goal and there's more 
field upon rumour of being apprehended 8 or 10 besides 1*20 in Goal and 
j twice that number accused of emcnency untouched at p T sent. but I must 
rake leave Soe w th tend 1 of my hearty service to you and yo T good Lady and 
m r Peter wishing health to all your family I remaine 

S r Yo r humble Servant 
inclosed you have a list of Fra: Foxcroft. 

papers &c. 

Ditto 11 th . 

S r I proceed to informe you y- your tennant Whittamore hath agreed to 
continue for one yeare upon the old termes you bearing h of Countrey rates 
for that yeare, in the meane time (if yon in p T son be not upon the place) to 
make proposieons for a new lease. M r Barton hath paid nothing since his 
rcturne, hath put me off upon pretence of ordering you money in England, 
| w ch either shall be done presently or he will doe it here, our Courts are 
I not settled as in a little time its believed they will be, so defer putting in 
f suit the mortgages as I'm advised to do for more certainety of proceedings. 
| I hope what 1 nuw send you relating to JeiFreys will be of use to you. I 
!; can find nothing so cleare from Burroughs or your friend GralFort who is 
uuwilling indeed to remember ought their discourse would have p r plexed the 
matter. I find inclosed no letter to Jeffreys in either of yours. I under- 
stand there is a Comission granted to four p r sons upon this place to inquire 
into matters between you and Gov" Usher. I heare no more of it as yet. 
I thank you for your recomemlations of m r Johnson. 1 have so little to 
improve that way it's not worth the while for men of great business to trou- 
ble themselves w th , what I have rec' 1 I have kept of maj r Haywood's estate 
■ tho' its not sufficient for us both and the houses save what's set out as the 
I widow's thirds, are taken by exe tn m r Newton's bill is but once to be paid 
•I shall see after your concerns the best I can, but wish you were here and 
'then things would be better done to be sure. S r Edmund is well at Vir- 
ginia, the tv o Privateers fitted out for the freneh beaver factoryes in Caua- 
Wa fortunately met w th a good prize worth 7 or 8 M pounds bound to Que- 
; heck, else had been wholly diffeated of their expectation. I am as above- 
[•aM Fra: Foxcroft: 

Superscribed | To Col: Charles Lidget | Merchant— IN | London. 

No. V. Letter of Charles Lidget. 
j Mr West. 

S r So often as I haue had y e hou r of seeing my L d Bellamont do ob- 
serve him to be a person of great thought of little and very cautious talk 
"•v c h prevented my offering discourse of some things requireing freedom y t 
My natural temper could not rise to, am sensible of my deflect in y* kind & 
'*'"» it be uo vertue yet I will not account it vice. 
( By report and to all appearance my L d is most happily apointed to y e 
"H'ernmeut of New Engl (1 . of a great and good disposition attended with 
*; X:iCt Moderation y e glorious qualification of chief officers & more especiaiy 
^'-' r y Country where are variety of sects iu Religion, creating partys, & of 
greatest severity where either gains y c upper hand, of this I haue seen much 
J* often prevented by securing y e poor Quakers and Anabaptists from y e 

VOL. XXXIY. 8 



82 Letters of Charles Lidget and, Francis Foxcrofi. [Jan. 



goals my nature as well so reason abhoring y* sort of usage. When an 
euen hand shall so steer them all y* they shall not be able to hurt each 
other 'twill be^et in them an universall respect and readinesse of service to ' ; 

his L d p. According to y e circumstances of affairs or agreeble to instruc- g| 
tions hence my L* after »rival will sooner or later call a session of Assem- 
bly a pretty large body of men but most of such a number perhaps meanly 
qualified for y* imploymeut, much wanting in education & conversation their 1 ; 
time & thoughts never avocated from y e necessary Care of their domestick 
affairs the estates in y r part of America not producing such incomes as y e 
other Plantacons in y e West Indies y 1 afford y e owners time so well as 
change of accomplishments by study travel or otherwise. 

When S r W m Phips went first thither many towns to avoid y e charge as 
desirous of a good Representative chose their members out of y e town of 
Boston y e Metropolis of that Land men knowing of trade, Countrys, customs 
& laws who in my poor opinion are better able (or will sooner be brought) 
to know what may be most for y e service of y e Crown his L fl ps honour & 
y e Countrys good, than y e persons before spoke of. But haueing some pas- 
sion to gratify or interest to drive he sought rather to haue men of his own 
size & by frequent dissolutions so haras'd y e people y* they grew carelesse 
in their choice till he attained such who pass'd an act y* no one should 
be chosen to represent y e place wherein he is not resident so y* of Boston 
y e alone place of trade and men suited for such service are but two persons 
chosen. That law disallowed from Whitehall becomes void & gives his 
L d p y e advantage of picking an assembly with y e assistance of some well 
known & of interest in y* Country. 

I haue reason to know y* my L d is debateing y e setflem* of his sallary & 
covets y e payment ot it at home w c h is certainly y e best, But if y e summ be 
agreed on & y e place onely is y e differance my L d need net fear his readiest 
payment there for tho y e revenue be now rais'd but from one year to ano- 
ther yet this I know y* my L d being a pson of greaC honour & y* excellent 
Moderacon before menconed I would ingage by my own <$c friends interest 
to make such an assembly y* should be beforehand with his own desires 
choc?e him an agreable Council of his own rameiug who comand y e trea- 
sury payraeuts & in all my L d hath h|s negative voice. If here they 
tell my L d a certain summ I suppose they speak of it as money sterl: then 
if reffered to N. Engl d for paym* they ought to augment it by their direction 
thither so much as y e money is there lesse w c h is 5 upon 15. In y e time of 
S r I'dmund Andros his own with y e Leiv' Gov r sallery were pd: there much 
morey laid out on fibrtifications & more in an expensive warr with y e Indians 
& but one single tax a year laid on y e inhabitants. y l amounted not to halfe 
y e charge y l was laid on y m in y e easiest and quietest year of their long char- ] 
ter government when to their whole magistracy was not paid aboue 600 1 . 

When S r Edmund Andros went to y* Country then Engl d & all its de- 
pendence's were in a profound peace yet y e crown allowed him two Compa- 
nys of granadeers a draught out of y e several regiments in England oc a 
part of the establishment who kept garisou at a Castle going up y e river to 
Boston upon an Island & at another fortification at Pemaquid y e Northern 
frontier to y e french <Sc Indians. In y e quietest time lesse cannot be im- 
ployed in those two places & tis great pitty in this time of warr but a regi- 
ment were bent \\ ith my L d or such a part as he can obtain & will be of great 
service to maintain and secure all ye remaining out parts of y l Country if 
not to regain & reposesse y e vast desolations haue been made in this seauen 
years of warr, besides y e service of them as his L dp may haue occasion for 



^ 



I 1880."] Marriages by Rev. Benjamin Caiman. 83 

I his guards in any travels he will haue need to make for y e kings service 
I w f h must be by himself or deputy, & will be necessary for his grandeur on 
I m.-.ny occasions as when lie takes possession of other parts of y* Country y* 
1 will fall to his L^ 1 ' 9 share to gouern. The paying clothing & feeding of whom 
I will he found no mean article in y e acco* of my L d " advant a , I could say 
I something not insiderable about y e trade of y* Country without deroga- 
I rlon from or violating y e least part of my L d * honour but not propper for 
\ paper. I once thought to have seen that Country in some station under 

whom y e King should anoint govern' & could haue found some interest 

I (herein under any other person but haue heard my L d declares an aversion 

; to any & every one of or knowing y* Country & I know too well to medle 

, iu any thing of y* kind but under y e favour & incouragement of y e head. 

II is L dp will do well to sollicit for stores of warr & not be denyed them if 

possible for he will find a want of such when he cannot be supply'd for what 

he shall so gain will be spareing y e Country & be very well pleasing. The 

season of y e year is now farr advanced & err my L ds whole affairs will he 
■. perfected will be too late for him to adventure & it may not be unworthy 
I his thought of some one whom he shall intrust to be there before, & by his 

apointcaent to make provision of a house & other things requisite for his 
L ' entertainment espetialy if his family goes with him. 

S r you shall forgiue my tediousnesse in this occasion tho haue indeavor'd 

but to hint at things how you'l use them know not but I desire you keep 

inv name as well as this scribble which is roughly done. 

16 July. 95. ■ C. L. 

Indorsed by Lidget— " Copy mine 16 July 95 to M r R. VV r est." 



MARRIAGES IN 1715 BY THE REV. BENJAMIN 
COLMAN, OF BOSTON. 

Communicated by Henry F. Waters, A.B., of Salem, Mass. 

; nPHE REV. MR. COLMAN was the first minister of Brattle 
■* Street Church in Boston, his ministry extending from Aug. 4, 
1699, till his death, Aug. 29, 1747, in his 74th year. A memoir 
of him, with a portrait, will be found in the REGISTER, vol. iv. pp. 
1' '5-122, 220—232. This list or certificate is in the autograph of 
Mr. Column. 

The List of Persons married by Benj* Colman in the Year 1715. 

— P William Parker. ) , .,.,-,- 
. T - >- April. 4, ±i lo. 

Anna Knap. \ i ' 

— G M r Ebenezer Graves. ) . ., 

M* Eliphal Hopkins. j" A P nL2L 
— B M r Tho: Bovlston. [ AT . 

M rs Sarah Moreeock. f - V * 4 " 
— G M r William Goodwin.) „ h 

M- Jane Ashfeild. j-^ay.14 . 
— M James Mallet. ) ,, , A 

Sarah Creek. J ^ 19 ' 



84 



Rev. jS. DanforihbS Records, Roxbury. 



[j 



an. 



-W 
-L 
-A 
-A 



— K 



— G 



—A 
— B 
— H 
— F 
— F 
— M 
— B 
— P 
— II 



M r Thomas Whitemore. \ ^ r 9 - 

M" Dorathy Thomas. j ^ iaj ' L °' 
M r Robert Larmon. ) T 

rs Sarah lyley. ) 
M r John Arnault. } T 00 
■n-r™ n- x» * r June 28. 
M rs Eliz. Proctor. 

M r Jcabod Allen. 



M rs Eliz. Symonds. j 



July. 



I* } July. 21. 
tin. ) J 



Noi 



M r James Coats. 

M rs Hannah Pain, 

John Kirkman. ") T , or 

Urace Coclicraft. ) 

M r James Gooch, Jun r ) << . , 
^r rs rr tt u\ • r oenieinoer. 

M rs Eliz. rlobbie. ) * 

James Fringe! 

Eliz. Hall. 

M r James Gilcrest. ) 

M rs Ann Shepcot. } 

M r Mathew Adams. 

M™ Katharine Brigden 

Jonathan Budden. 

Eliz. Giddings. 

M r Joseph Hodsden. \ 

M™ Christian Mason, j 

Alexander Fullerton. j 

Eliz. Belcher. j 

M r Thomas Foster. ) 

M rs Sarah Macharly. J 

M r Thomas Moffat. 

M™ Mary Datlron. 

The Rev d Joseph Baxter.) p , 91 

M" Mercy Bridgham. j e 

John Pendree. ) Ar x , 
xt ix?. r M arch. 1. 
Hannah Eaton. ) 

I\l r Benj a Harris. ) , r . . - 
nfra o i af **i f March lo. 

M ra Sarah Matthews, j 



30. 



October. 26. 

Novem. 17. 

Nov. 17. 

29. 

Decern. 29. 

January. 4 th . 

Jan. 5. 
) 

Jan. 12. 



REV. SAMUEL DAXFORTHS RECORDS OF THE FIRST 
CHURCH IN ROXBURY, MASS. 

Communicated by William B. Tkask, Esq., of Boston. 

EV. SAMUEL DAXFORTH, M.A., aecond son of Nicho- 
j las Danforth, of Cambridge, Mass., was born in Framling- 
ham, co. of Suffolk, England, in September, 1626. He came to 
New England with his father, in 1634, his mother having died when 
the son was three years old. He graduated at Harvard College in 
1043, in the same class with the Rev. Samuel Mather, son of the 
Rev. Richard Mather, of Dorchester. He was made a freeman in 



i 

i 

3S80.] Rev. S. Dan forttts Records, Roxbury. 85 

I 

1G47, and on the 24th of September, 1650, was ordained as col- 
league to the Rev. John Eliot, pastor of the First Church in Eox- 
hurv. Mr. Danforth married Mary Wilson, daughter of the Bey. 
John Wilson, of Boston, Xov. 5, 1651. They had twelve child- 
ren, two of whom were ministers of- the gospel, John, who settled 
at Dorchester, and Samuel, at Taunton. Rev. Samuel Danforth, 
the father, in addition to his services as a minister, was of some 
note as an astronomer, mathematician and poet. For several years 
he published almanacs. John Farmer states that he had seen 
n those from 1646 to 1649, inclusive," and that ?f some of them are 
valuable for the chronological tables at the end/' The ministry of 
Mr. Danforth continued twenty-four years. He died Nov. 19, 
1674, at the age of 48. His colleague Eliot, who outlived him 
more than fifteen years, said, " 3fy Brother Danforth made the 
most glorious End, that ever I saw /" The widow of Mr. Dan- 
forth married Joseph Rock, or Ruck, of Boston, where she died, 
Sept. 13, 1713, in the eighty-first year of her age. See Register, 
vii. 317 ; American Quarterly Register, viii. 135—137 ; Sibley's 
• Harvard Graduates, i. 88-92. The Danforth items which follow 
■ commence on page 251 of the book containing the Eliot records, 
| copies of which were printed in the last volume of the Register. 

1649. John Winthrop Esq. late Covernour of Massachusets deceased 
march 26. & was buryed Aprill. 3. 

August. 25. m r Thomas Shepard Pastour to the Church at Cambridge 
? rested from his labours. 

Septemb: A generall visitation by the small pox, whereof many dyed. 

Novemb. 3. our sister Bowles* the wyfe of John Bowles dyed of the 
small pox. 

Jan. 13. on the lords day the lord sent a great storme of snow & wind, 
which was so violent as that a certain vessell suffered shipwrack, and all the 
p'sons that were therein perished. 

March 17. A Collection for y e poor distressed Church at Bahamah & 
y r was about 28 lb gathered in or little Congregation. 

1G50. m r Pen & m r Palmer were sent as Messengers fro y e chs in o r 
Bay to Bahamah. 

inarch 26. m r Samuel Haugh ordained Pastour to the church at Redding. 

May 2o. John Wooddie dyed of the small pox. 

Aug. 21. m r Jonathan Mitchel was ordained Pastor to y e church at 
Cambridge. 

July 28. This Church Elected S. Danforth to the office of a Pastor 
| amongst them. 

September 13. The church of Boston ordained 3 Ruling Elders, m r 
| Colbrou, m r Jacob Eliot & m r James Pen and three Deacons. 

Sept. 2-i. 1650. Samuel Danforth was ordained Pastor to this church at 
Roxbury. 

Novemb 1 21. Ag l burning at Charlstown.f 

• Named Dorothy; buried the same day. 

t Ed ward Johnson, in his "Wonder Working Providence," speaks of "the suddain 
u *ing away many mens estates by fire, and chiefly by a most terrible lire which happened 

VOL. XXXIV. 8* 



; i 



86 Rev. jS. Danfortlis Records, Roxbury. [Jan. 



1652. |;| 

June. m r Samuel Philips ordained Teacher to y e Church at Rowley. 
Octoh r 12. A church gathering & ordination at Medfield. m r John 

O © Egg' 

Wilson junior was ordained Pastor.* 1 1 

9 th 10 m . There appeared a Comet in y e heaven in Orion, which continued 

its course tow'd y e zenith for y e space of a fortnight viz. till m r Cottons 

death.f 1 

23 d 10 ra . m r John Cotton B. D. Teacher to y e church at Boston rested 

fro his labours. 

1st march. A dreadfull Conflagration at Boston. t 

16. march. Rumours of y e Indians Conspiracy ags t y e English. 

13 d 12 m . Nath Garee was admonished. 

Anno 1653. 
31 d 5 m . Thomas Dudley Esq 1 " dyed & was buryed y e 6* day following. 
His death was on y e Lords day at night. 

Anno ] 655. 
In the beginning of the 5 th raoneth God sent an Epidemicall sicknes & 
faintnes: few escaped, many were very sick severall dyed, as Elisabeth 
Bowles &c. in o r towne, m r Rogers of Ipswich the Revd Pastor there, m r 
Samuel Eaton at Nevvhaven & his wife [late m re Haines]. 

Anno 1656. 

23 d 5 m . m r John Norton was ordained Teacher to the church of Boston. 

8 m . m r Hook late Teacher to y e ch. at New haven set saile for England. 

8 m . m r Noice that blessed light at Newbury, rested fro his labours. 

2 d 9 m . m r Eliot our Teacher having been exercised w th y e Sciatica, & 
endured much anguish, dolour, & by that meanes detained fro the house of 
God, & we deprived of his pretious labours. & that for ye space of 10 weekes, 
this day came abroad into the assembly (through Gods mercy) & gave us a 
taste of Gods gratious remembrance of him in his low estate. 

Anno 1657. 
2 m , Certaine Elders & oth r messengers of y e churches in y e Bay went 

in Charles-Town, in the depth of Winter, 1650, by a violent wind blown from one hou?e 
to another, to the consuming of the fairest houses in town." Preceding this statement, he 
says, poetically, 

" Thy houses are consum'd with much good store, 
By fearful hres, which blustering winds blow o're." 

* He was a son of the Rev. John Wilson, of Boston; was ordained in 1649, "Pastor of 
the Church in Dorchester as a Coadjutor to the Rev 1 m r II. Mather y e Teacher"; remained 
in Dorchester " two years, and then dismissed, that so Medfield might have a pastor. " He 
at the Request of Medfield Removed thither where He continued Pastor forty years." We 
quote Dorchester Church Records above. The following was taken from the gravestone 
in the old cemetery at Medfield: " Rev. John Willson (first minister of Medfield) died Aug 1 
23 d , 1691. -Et. 70. & in the 41** vear of his ministry in this Town." 

t Rev. Increase Mather, in his sermon on Comets, says : " A.D. 1652. A. Comet was 
seen December 10. continuing 21 daves. Its motion was retrograde from the South towards 
the North, through the Flare, the foot of Orion, Taunts, unto Perseus." "The blaze was 
seven degrees as to its visible Longitude, in form like a Pyramids or Pillar of a duskish, 
smouky kind of aspect. The true diameter of the Comet was 825. Mill. Germ., so that if 
a Man should travail 10 German (or 40 of our) miles every day, he could not go round the 
body of this Comet in less then 259 dayes, of so va3t a circumference was its magnitude. 
Many undertook to predict strange things from the appearance of this Blazing Star." 

X It may have been in reference to this fire that Mr. Drake, in his History of Boston, 
under date of 1653, writes: " A fire, known for many years after as 'The Great Fire,' oc- 
curred this year ; but neither its extent nor locality is known." — Sec John Hull's Public 
Diary, Coll." Am. Antiq. Society, iii. 180. 



1S80.] Rev. S. DanfovtKs Records, Roxbury. 87 

to Hartford & endeavoured to compose y e differences betw. y e church there 
& y e dissenting Brethren.* 

1657. This Winter nr Garretsf ship was lost, win was m r Thomas 
Mayhew Preacher to y e Indians, m r Davis sometime schoolmaster at Hart- 
ford,- m r Jonathan luce, m r Nathaniel Pelham w th many others. 

m r [Theophilus] Eaton Governour at Newliaven dyed [aged G7. See 
Hull's Diary in Coll. Am. Antiq. Society, iii. 181, 182]. 

[1658] moueth 2. much rainy & intemp'ate weather, w ch was a g* hind- 
rance in seed time. 

month 6 & 7. The season intemp'ate, rain imoderate, much wheat cor- 
rupted, y e getting of fodder for y e Cattel much hindred. General! agues 
in y e southw d p ts of y e Countrey. Fevers & fluxes in y e bay; w r of not a 
few dyed. 

moueth 12. ll d . At midnight y r happened a great Burning. The fire 
began in y e outside of Henry Farnham's! work-house next y e orchard & it 
burnt up his work house & his dwelling house & consumed a g t p* of his 
Timber, some of his goods & come & all his Tooles, but it pleased God not 
to suffer it to proceed any further. 

March 9. 1658-9 m r Peter Bulkiey Teacher to y € Church at Concord 
rested fro his labours. 

1659. 

April The greatest part of y e 2 d moneth was cold & rainie weather. 

April 13 d . m r Thomas Shepherd was ordained Teacher to y e church at 
Charlstowne. 

7 m . 26. The Councill began to set at Boston, consisting of y e mbers of 
9 ch's. viz. Boston, Dorchester, Roxbury, Pedham, Gharlstowne, Cam- 
bridge, Watertown, Sudbury & Ipswich. 

9" 1 & 10 m . The Lord sent a general visitation of Children by coughs 
& colds, of w ch my 3 children Sarah, Mary & Elisabeth Danforth died, all 
of y m within y e space of a fortnight. 

10 m . m r Norrice Teacher to y c church at Salem rested fro his labours. 

12 m 22 d . A fast in y e Bay in reference to y e state of England. 

1660. 

ll m . The Lord was pleased to visite vs, with epidemical colds, coughs, 
agues, & fevers. 

21 d . Elder Heath dyed of a sore throat, being y e issue of his cold w rh 
fever. 

* Private and Public Diary of John Hall, in Collections of American Antiquarian Socie- 
ty, iii. 147, 148, i84; Gookin's Historical Collections, printed in the Collections of the Mass. 
Hist. Society, L 202, 203. 

t James Garrett, of Charlestown, master of a ship of about 4GC tons, in which vessel per- 
ished tlic individuals above mentioned, «nd others, in all about titty pcr.-ons, '" whereof 
divers of them were persons of great worth and virtue, both men and women." •• Mr. 
Davis, sou to one of that name at New Haven, was one of the best accomplished persons 
for learning as ever was bred at Harvard College in Cambridge in New England," says 
Gookin, who continues : " Myself was once intended and resolved to pass in that ship : but 
the master, who sometimes had hecn employed by me, and from whom I expected a com- 
mon courtesy, carried it something unkindly, as I conceived, about uiy accommodations 
of a cabin; which was an occasion to divert me to the other ship," — whereof John Feirce 
was commander, which sailed from Boston in November, in company with Garrett's vessel 
— '* where I also had good company, and my life also preserved, as the sequel proved : For 
this ship of Garrett's perished in the passage, and was never heard of more." 

X ^r- Farnhain was a joiner by trade; lived for a time in Roxbury; was of the artillery 
company in 16 11, freeman in 1G4>. Mr. Savage thinks he went afterwards " to Long Island, 
thence to Connecticut, certainly was of Kilimgworth 1655, a deacon, died Jim. 13, 1700, 
•eft only sou Peter." 



88 Rev. S. Dan fortli 's Hecords, JRoxbury. [Jan, 



in 



■> : 






m ; 



23 d . m r Ezekiel Rogers, Pastor to y e church at Rowley rested fro his 
labors. 

3l d . In y e evening about 7 th hour there was a great Earthquake, be- 
sides y* w ch was about 9 weeks before. 

March 23 (GO) m r Thomas Welde sometime Pastor to this Church, dyed 
in London. 

This year also in y e moneth 10 th died m r Dalton of Hampton.* 

This yeare 1661. April 22 d o r Soveraigne Lord, Charles y e 2 d was 
Crowned. 

January 1. 1661. The General court agreed to send m r Braclstreet & 
m r Norton to England to solicite his majesty in y e behalfe of this Countrey. 

Jan. 31. Piece fell a very great & deep Snow. 

1661. Feb r lO th m r Bradstreet & m r Norton w th m r Davis & in r -IIull 
took ship & set saile y e next morning. 

March. [20.] m r [Nathaniel] Vpham, who some time preached at Mai- 
den died at Cambridge. 

1681-2. March ii. The Synod began, which sat at Boston the Mes- 
sengers being sent fro y e seuerall churches according to y e order of y e gene- 
ral Court. The Quest'o's discussed were 1. who are y e subjects of Bap- 
tisme ? 2. whether according to scripture there ought to be ConsociatV of 
churches & what is y e manner of it. The Assernblie continued vntill y e 21 
of march & then adjourned unto y e 10 th of June next. 

* 16G2. 

1662. March 30. m T Samuel Hough Pastor of y e ch. at Reading, com- 
ing to y e Synod, fell sick at Boston & died. 

1G62. 

It pleased the L d this spring to exercise y e Country w th a very severe 
drought w ch some were so rash as to impute to the sitting of y e synod ; but 
he was pleased to bear witnesse ags' y r rashnes ; For no sooner was y e 
synod mett June 10. but they agreed to set y e nex' day ap l to seek his 
favourable presence & to ask raine, &, y e day following G d sent showers 
fro heaven, & fro that day following visited y e Land w^ seasonable show- 
ers of 'am week after week vnto y e harvest. The synod also agreed upon 
several proposiiious in answer to y e first Question ppounded by y e Gene- 
rail Court. 

This Sunier several came to vs fro England. m r James Allin, minister. 
m r Franciss Willowby, m r Leveret. m r wheelwright, m r Leverich, m r william 
Stoughton. 

August 1. m r William Coibron, ruling Elder of y e church of Boston 
died. 

Sept. 3. m r Bradstreet & m r Norton returned from England,f bringing 
w ,h y m a Gracious letter fro his Majesty confirming our Charter & liberties. 

Sept. 9. was y e 3 d Session of y e Synod who agreed upon propositions con- 
cerning y e subject of Baptisme & Consociation of churches w ch are since 
printed by order of y e general Court. 

Jan. 26. about 6 o clock at night there happened an Earthquake, w ch 
shook mens houses & caused many to run out of their houses into the 
struts, & y e tops of 2 or 3 chimneys fell off, or some p't of y m . likewise 

* Thi- was the Rev. Timothy PnUon, an elder brother of Philemon, of "Watertown. The 
former had a son Timothy. See Savage. 

f M Sept. '6. M ister Clark in the ship ' Society,' brought hi the country's messengers 
in safety ; viz., Mr. Broadsire^t aud Mr. Norton.'" — Diary of John Hull, above quoted. 






■' ' 






I 






I860.] Rev. 8. DunforWs Records, Roxbury. 89 

there was another earthquake about midnight, also in y e morning once or 
twice y e earth trembled & mens houses were shaken. 

Jan. 28. about 10 o clock in y e morning there was another earthquake. 

1663. 

1663. Aprill 5. m r John Norton, teacher to the church of Boston, rested 
from his labours. His death was suddaine. The night before about mid- 
night he awakened with a pain vnder his left pap. yet he went to meeting 
in y e forenoon (it being y e Lords day) and made account to preach in y e 
afternoon, but his wife & friends perswaded him to stay at home, after 
meeting fremds came in to visite him & he walked up & downe y e room & 
discoursed pleasantly after his wonted manner. About shutting in, as he 
was walking up & down in his parlour, he went to y e fire side & leaned his 
head forward, as if he meant to vomitt. his wife & m r Duncun stept to him 
to help to hold him & he sunk downe vnder them & never spake more. 

June 14. m r John Miller Preacher of y e Gospell at Groyton, sometime 
Pastor to y e> Church at Yarmouth rested fro his labours. 

July o. m r Samuel Newman Teacher to y e Church at Rehoboth rested 
fro his labours. 

This spring may 24 Came m r Walley a Preacher fro England. And m r 
Williams. This Summer came m r Brewster.* 

July 20. M r Samuel Stone Teacher to y e church at Hartford rested 
from his labours & sorrows. 

The Chuches in y e Bay kept a weekly fast a p't of 6 m all y e 7 th moneth 
& most of y e 8 th moneth. 

Novemb. 4. A church was gathered at Topsfield and m r Gilbert was 
ordained. 

11. A church was gathered at Billerica & m r Samuel Whiting jun or- 
dained Pastor thereof. 

Decemb. 9. The ordination of m r Benj. Bunker to y e office of a Pastor 
in Maldon. 

10. A church was gathered at Wenham & m r Antipas Newman 
ordained. 

The churches of y e Bay began a monethly fast, one me moneth another 
another moneth. 

Jan. & Febr. It pleased G. to visit vs w 111 general Colds & coughs. In 
some they were accompanyed w th fevers. 

March 9. There was dreadfull thunder & lightning in y e night, w ch smot 
y* house of one Wakefield in Boston tore two gr l rafters of y e house & y e 
g* Corner post of y e House fro top to Bottom & sent off y e boards at y e 
end yet there were 3 men lying in y e chamber, one lay w to his head neer to 
y e said post yet they had no hurt, onely they smelt a g* stink of Brimstone. 

1664. 

1664. The churches set up their monethly fasts. 

May 27. m r Encrease Mather was ordained Teacher to y e ch: last gath- 
ered at Boston. 

June 15. About then was a solemn fast kept in the ch's throughout y e 
jurisdictio by order of y e Gen 1 Court. 

[To be continued.] 

. • " 2 1th of 3d [1663]. The ship ' Society-,' John Peiroe, master, arrived safe here, laden 
*nih f»oniis, and some passengers; among whom, Rev. Mr. John Wally, a miuiatcr, with 
u« family."— Diary of John Hull, in Coll. Am. Antiq. Society, iii. 20S. 



To Sara 11 Penhallow & \ p 
Theodore Atkinson J Jb ^' 



* We v/rote to the Hon. Joseph Williamson, author of the History of Belfast, Me., for 
information on this point, and received a letter dated "Belfast, November 12th, 1379," from 
which we make the following extract: 

" An examination of a' I accessible authorities does not enable me to answer your note of 
the 3l-t alt. satisfactorily. 

" Awassawamkik, or Awnssamkik Island is a new name to me. The nearest approach to 
it is IVassaumkeag, a peninsula at the mouth <>f Penobscot river, where Governor Pownall 
built a fort in 1759. This locality has always been a place of .resort for the Indians. In 
the Aboaki diilect the etyinoloey of the name is IVes, sinning; aum, or omp, cliff, or 
height; kcag, place ; — or Shining cliff j I. ice. 

•* The narrative states that Moik. G.mlin was desired ' to hasten down ' from ' Penobscot 
fort' to Awassamkilv. There were then two Penobscot forts; one on the island at Oldtown, 
above Rangor, which was the uiijtvt of Church's Expeditioii in lfi9o; ami the other at Cas- 
tine. Xnas*raff, mentioned in the narrative, is below Castme. Below Naskeasj, and below 
Lona Island, is *Seven hundred Acre ' Island, where French and Indians occasionally 
lived in the time of St. Castin. Long Island, Metonicus, the Green Islands, Isle an Haut, 
the Fox Islands and the Georges Inlands were all known by name in 1703. I am of opinion 
that Awassawamkik was Seven hundred iicre Island, and" that Rogcnt, * with upwards of 
twenty cannoos,' c :me down from Castin 's fort. \Vassaumkeag point would not have 
been called an island, or I should say that it was the locality in question, and that the ca- 
noes came down the Penobscot river from Oldtown."— Editoii. 






■ 

90 Mission of Penhallow and Athinson. ["Jan, 



1 



, 1 
If 

MISSION OF PENHALLOW AND ATKINSON, IN 1703, 
TO THE PENOBSCOT INDIANS. 

Communicated by the late Capt. William F. Goodwin, U.S.A., of Concord, N. H. Ill 

THE following narrative of a mission to the Penobscot Indians by 
Messrs. Penhallow and Atkinson, of Portsmouth, N. H., is 
printed from an original manuscript in the handwriting of Mr. Pen- 
hallow. We have met with no account of this transaction in any 
of the general or local histories of New England. Penhallow's 
History of the Indian Wars does not commence till the August fol- 
lowing this event. Even the place where the Indians were met is 
indefinite, for neither the name, Awassawamkik* nor Hazel-nut 
Island is to be found on any map which we have consulted. 

A biographical sketch of Samuel Penhallow is printed in the Reg- 
ister for 1878 (ante, xxxii. 28). — Editor. 

Portsm 8 th Aprill 1703. 
Gentlemen 

I desire you to make all possible speed on board the vessell Sea flower 
John Abbott Master, and order him to make the best of his way to Sacka- 
dehock, and their take on board a pilott, and then make the best of your 
way to Awassawanikick or Hasle Nutt Island where you may speak with 
monser Gaulin, and deliver him my letter and advise with him for the dis- 
posall of those goods you have on board for the supply of those Indians. 
You rind by the letter Inclosed, to monser Gaulin, that 1 have wrote him 
fifty p cent upon y e Invoyce for y e risqe and charge of said goods and you 
must take care not to take your Beaver at too high a price here, and for 
Small furrs, Mr Atkinson, is well acquainted witli them. So wish you a 
good i oyage. I am Yo r trend and Ser\ 

W m Paktridg, L' Gov r . 



1880.] Miss io n of Pe n h a 11 o id and Atlc inso n. 91 

Portsm in the Province of New Hampshire 

Aprill 8 th 1703. | 

S r 

By Order of his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esqr. our Gov r T have in- 
closed Invoyce of Sundry things you wrote for on aec u of y e Indians and 
for their use. I have sent everything you mentioned except three Gr lower ! 

things that I could not gett. 

I have Sent you a true acc u of y e cost here bought with ready money, 
and for our risque, this warr time, I think they ought to allow us fifty p cent 
advance, considering wee go so far towards an Enemys country and run the 
risqe out and home : If the Inrlians or your self, on their behalfe, please to 
send any thing by my vessell, the freight shall cost nothing bringing hith- 
er, and I will Sell att the height of v e markett, and buy what ever you 
write for, and ship itt off for their ace" they paying the vessel! for bringing, 
and ten p cent for buying and selling, or any other way as you may think 
reasonable, and if att any time you have a mind to write to his Excellen- 
cy or my self, you may leave a letter at Cap 1 Marches at Casco Bay, and T 
shall have it in two or three days. And I desire you to tell the Indians that 
his Excellency our Gov r is a very just man and puuctuall to his work and h 
willing to keep a friendship with the Indians, so long as they are just to 
their words, but if once the Indians break with him, they will find him an 
angry man, and certainly in Earnest to them that are his enemies. 

I have Sent Sam 11 Penhallew and Theodore Atkinson Esqrs to discours 
you concerning a future correspondence with the Indians as to supply what 
they waut, so shall leave the matter to you and them att present, and 
remaine S r yo r frn'd and Serv* 

yrui p A o TRIDGE JJ Q ov r 

Province New Hampshire. 



Portsm Aprill 2 1703. 
May it please 

Yo r Excellency 

On y e 9 th Instant, by desire of y e Ilonerable the Itieut Gov r I Sailed 
hence w th mr Atkinson for Awassaamkik Island, In Penobscot, and being 
(yesterday) returned, humbly crave leave to give yo r Excellency a true and 
full acc't of matters. 

In our going, Stopt at Sag-de-hoc where wee found y c Inhabitants under 
great fear; all resolving to remove the next day if we had no: come by rea- 
son of y e Indians, whom they verily believed were inclined to warr, because 
of their different carriages, frequent threatnings, and generall remove the 
day before by y e influence of Monshiur Pelassus: the Noridgwack fryer, 
who no less than three times had Sent for them which by all circum- 
stances, they believe was occasioned by y e late Infraction of Chadwell and 
his Company att Naaskeag. But fearing, that the removall of y e inhabi- 
tants att that juncture, might be of ill consequence unto y e publick ; the 
very night that wee arrived did send an Express unto rnauxis tarheagues up 
iveuuibeck river; de.>iring to speak with him : who accordingly came down 
the next morning, with 4 cannooes accompanying him, whom we all civilly 
treated; giving them to understand, that as they were our trends wee were 
desirous of seeing them : and that wee were bound Eastward with a Supply, 
•or their Neighbours, the Penobscot Indians ; att w ch thev were greatly 
oatisryed ; saying that it was an act of friendship, but much woundred 



92 Mission of JPenhallow and Athinson. [Jan. 



i 



that a trading hous was So Long erecting in that "River according to y e ar- 
ticles of Peace made with the L d Bellemont ; and that no supply was Sent 
them ; accounting that to bee the principall river, and himself the ancientst 
and most Principall Sagamore ; Unto whom wee answered, that what ever 
articles were agreed on by y e English, that (Yo r Excellency) our present 
Governour would punctually perform them ; that they never desired a par- 
ticular Supply (that wee knew) as the Penobscot Indians did ; which if they 
did, would bee as readily comply ed with ; that Your Excellency did shortly 
intend to rebuild Pemaqid fort, judging the scituation of that the most pro- 
per place for y e encouraging of trade, and accomodation of all the Eastern 
Indians ; att w ch they were greatly satisfyed, and drank her maj ts health ; 
desiring that wee would signifye their desires unto y r Excellency whom they 
heartily respected. 

Wanudagunbuem, a Penobscot Sachem, being present, and was very in- 
quisitive to know If peace was designed by y e English wherefore it was that 
so many men were now att Wells ; unto whom answered that our Governour 
did purpose very speedily to visitt the Eastern parts; and being informed 
that Some ffrench Indians had a design with Some att Pigwackett to make 
a descent upon the English, was resolved to keep them their for a Security 
to the fronteers, a life guard for himself, and if need bee, a protection unto 
y m and. all other Indians that were in amity with us ; att w ch he Seemed 
Exceedingly well pleased, But was desirous of being fully Satisfyed, about | 

the late Eruption on Philip meneere, thinking it to be an act of horrid cru- 
elty and injustice, to whom answered, that our Governour did resent itt as 
such, and had accordingly signified his utter abhorrence & detestation there- i 

of by that he had dissolved Chadwell's Commission, taken away his Sword 
and committed him to close prison under Severe hardships: att w oh he made 
a kind of Huzza, saying that it was as much as they could expect How- f 
ever, not knowing how the generallity of Penobscot Indians might bee | 

affected, because of that unhappy Infraction, wee desired niauxis to permitt 
two of his principall Indians to accompany us ; w ch after Some short con- J 
sideration ; was granted ; Bampzeen was ordered by himself, and one Lue 
of Penobscot by Wanudagunbuen ; who behaved them themselves very 
civilly. I 

On y e 13, we Saild from Sa^dehoc and arrived that evening at Awassa- 
amkik Island ; on w ch was only one hous, not an Indian to bee Seen, altho 
no less than '25 wigwams nere it, very lately deserted, purely occasioned 
by the unhappy Infraction on Philip meneer. 1 

On thnrsday the 15 Iustant, we discouered a Caimoo and haild her, in 
w ch was one Hunwick who informed us that the Indians were all fled 10 
days before wee came, and that most of them did retire att Penobscot fort; 
in w ch were two fryars viz 1 Monsiur Gaulin and Phillip Rogent him wee 
forthwith sent with a letter directed unto monsuer Gaulin, and in his ab- 
sence to monseiur Rogent. advising that according to there request unto yo r 
Excellency, wee had brought them all those necessarys that were wisht for 
therefore desired him to hasten down with all convenient speed, the messen- 
ger returned with an answer on Sabbath day morning, from monsieur Ito- 
gent (Gaulin, being not at home) w ch informed that he would bee with us 
the next day ; who accordingly came with upwards of twenty Cannoos : 
So soon as wee delivered him the particulars wisht for, wee supplyedthe In- 
dians at a very moderate lay who, after we had told them, how greatly 
your Excellency was incensed att the barbarous usages of Chadwell and his 
company, and was resolved to make up the loss to tlieire Satisfaction, of 



1880.] Mission of Penhallow a nd Atkinson. 93 






what was stolln, they were all exceedingly well pleased; saying they 
were well satisfied that they were not sent for that the maner of their 
acting was rather in away of treachery and robbery, than of open war. 
Wauungoaet their Sagamore came on board, whom wee civilly treated ; the 
next day he desired us to come on Shoar, which we did where were nere 20 
it; number. Wauungonet very courteously received us, Saying that he 
tiiankt our Governour in sending, and was obliged to us in coming, desiring 
| that as they were at peace with y e English 'that a Supply may att all times 
bee sent them, and as to the damage done by Chadwell, gave the following 
acc lt : Wanungonet, Sagamore of Penobscot, by an Interpreter, gave y* 
following acc u from Kenegeto the Indian of the late Infraction of Chad- 
well and his comp a att Naaskeag, Viz* that in the morning early He and 
most of his men came on shoar, knockt at Philip meneers hous saying that 
they were all friends and desired admission, at \v ch he opened his door; att 
firat they all saluted him, and Seemed very kind ; awhile after they brought 
two dogs from on board the sloop, aud put them on righting very nere the 
huus, with mr meneers dog ; at which all went out to see them. Soon after 
they prompted meneer to Pilot them into a french place w ch they were de- 
signed to plunder, his answer was that they had one on board viz* one 
Fellows, who was a better Pilot than himself; that he could not in con- 
science betray one of his own country : at which they were much in- 
censed ; whereon he told them that he much wondered att the sudden altera- 
tion of friendship into warr : at that whatever they thought of him, yet he 
was at peace and in amity with the English ; and as a testimony thereof, 
produced a paper which he was entrusted with by the Penobscot Sachems, 
in which was included the articles of Peace betweeu them and y e English, and 
that he quietly lived among them : but all would not avail they threatened 
to carry him on board, but he still refused, resolving raither to dye on the 
spot, att w ch Chadwell struck him forward with the butt end of his 
guu ; and so did others several times ; whereupon he attempted an escape ; 
they immediately fired att him, and shott him throu h y e body. Kenegeto 
the Indian, being att same time surrounded by them they forced him on 
board, and soon after brought Philip meneere to be dresst and seeing he 
was morta.ly wounded, they sent them both onshonr; meneer dyed the 
next day. During this confusion several had plundered an Indian hous 
in w ch were skins, most barbarously treating an old squaw that lived there : 
they then abused meneers wife and rifled his hous, in w ch were 3 large 
parks of beaver, one pipe filled with otter skins, and severall hhds of fea- 
thers, besides sundry other sorts of pelts, all w ch they carried on board, 
rubbing s d meneers wife of two packs of bonw[s] and took 7 pistols, 5 p s eight, 
and 20 newEngd shillings w ch her Father Casteen gave her. 



Jevness. — The late John S. Jenntss, Esq., furnished us with the following cor- 
i"r- % t!.,n of Savage, in his Genealogical Dictionary Savage says that Frances Jen- 
Bess, the pro<;euitor of the Jenness family of New Hampshire, married Hannah, 
daughter of Moses Cox, of Hampton, whereas he married Hannah, daughter of 

Milium Swain, who died in KJ.37, leaving widow Prudence, and sons Hezekiah, 
William, and daughters Hannah, Bethia and Prudence. The widow Prudence 
Jwain married in 16o8 Moses Cox, who, in a deed to Francis Jenness and wife, calls 
Jtnnefla s wife Hannah daughter, whereas she was a step-daughter, being daughter of 

. W11 «, the former widow of William Swain. The error in Savage may have ori- 
- ; i it^'l in the misdescription in this deed. Frances Jenness married in 1070, Han- 
1 \m\ £wain. The proof of this error may be seen in Old Norfolk Deeds, vol. ii. part 
"• P- 285; second book of Hampton Records^. 41. 
VOL. XXXI V. 9 



94 



Marriages in Boston. 



[Jan. 



MARRIAGES IN BOSTON, MASS. 

FROM THE ORIGINAL CERTIFICATES OF THE CLERGYMEN OFFICIATING. 
Communicated by Jeremiah Colbukn, A.M., of Boston. 



1701. 
march. 
13. 
April. 

3. 
dittd. 

17. 
ditt5. 

17. 
dittfc. 

26. 
May. 
3. 
ditt6. 

19. 
dittb. 

22. 
dittd. 

29. 

June. 

2. 

ditto. 

5. 

dittd. 

17. 
dittb. 

25. 
July. 
5. 
ditto. 

22. 
August. 

14. 
dittd. 

19. 
ditt&. 

20. 



Negroes. 



I. By the Rev. Cotton Mather in 1701. 

Married. 
\ John Goldthwait. 
{ Sarah Hopkins. 
f Christopher Kimbal. 
[ Sarah Jolls. 
f Magnus Crommertie. 
(Joanna Fletcher. 
I Stephen Johnson. 
[ Mary Flood. 
[ Joseph Royal. 
| Mary Winter. 

Alexander Hannan. 

Elizabeth Morris. 

John Aspinwal. 

Christian Ager. 

Richard Boreman, 

Ann Dee. 

Daniel Wyborn. 

Sarah Howard, 

Richard Lax. 

Mary Towers. 

Jonathan Hender. 

Martha Burryl. 

John Blew. 

Elizabeth Shute. 

Joseph Rice. 

Mary Townsend. 

Joseph, 

Maria 

John Radmore. 

Mary Bass. 

Noah Champney. 

Sarah Turel. 

Harry. ) 

Maria, j 

Obadiah Wakefield. 

Rebeckah Waters. 



i Joseph, } 
Maria, ) 



Negroes. 



Negroes. 



By Cotton Mather. 



II. 



By the Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth in 1707. 
Persons Married, An. 1707. 
June. 3. James Davis & Sarah Moor. 
July. 1. W m Perry & Hannah Stedman. 



1880.] Marriages in Boston. 95 

— 9. Edward Bedford & Eebecca Hodsden. 
— 17. Israel Walker and Joanna Green. 
—SO. M r Thomas Chever & mrs Elizabeth Warren. * 
Aug. 8. . Francis Charnock and & Susannah Threeneedle. 
Sept. 4. Josepli Morgan & Mercie Cadey. 
I Oct. 2. W m Ross & Elizabeth Brooks. 
I —10. W m Peirce & Sarah Stone. 

1 — 30. Israel Phippeny of Salem & Sarah Man of Boston. 
i Nov. 20. M r Spencer Phips & m™ Elizabeth Hutchinson. 
Dec. 4. Samuel Roberts & Sarah Gamidge. 

— 8. Robert Gribbe of Topsham and Susannah King of Boston. 
— 12. Philip Norris of Lancashire in England & Mary Bennet of 

Boston. 
— 25. Indego Potter & Rebecca Walker, 
Jan. 1. 1707-8. Jonathan Bull & Elizabeth Man. 
March 9. 1707-8. John Rolestone & Dorothy Nicholson. 
Boston. March. 25. 1703. 

By me Benjamin Wadsworth. 

III. By the Rev. Increase Mather in 1715. 
These may Certify whom it may concern 

B That Newcomb Blague & Abigail Mather were joined together in mar- 
riage on April. 27. 1715 bv me Increase Mather. 
P William Prat & Mehetebell gill on May 12. 
M Doctor Cotton Mather & Mrs. Lydia George July. 5. 
B Joseph Bosworth & Mary Ware, August. 11. 
H owen Harris & Susanna Love, August. 17. 

IV. By the Rev. Elisha Calender in 1734. 

Marriages in the Year 1734. 
M r Richard Houghton & Elizabeth Byles were Married August 15 d . 
M r Thomas Peare & Elizabeth Thomas were Married Sep r 12 d . 
M r Robert Cunningham & Elizabeth Hasey were Married Nov r 4 d . 
M* Temple Decoster & Ann King were Married Decern' 2 d . 
M r Thomas Lawrance & Elizabeth Strip were Married Decern' 24 d . 
M r Jonathan Viekery & Susanah Thomas were Married Feb y G: d . 
M r James Melling & Mary Diamond were Married Feb 7 24 d : 

Certified under my hand the Seventh Day of Aprill 1735. 

Elisha Callender: V.D.M. 
Entred and Examind 
4P Samuel Gerrish Town Clerk. 

• 

V. By the Rev. Timothy Cutler in 1741. 

Married. 
1741. May 21. M r Peleg Chapman & M" Mary Young. 
M r Dan 11 Melon & M rs Margaret Mills. 
M r Thomas Franke & M™ Mary Williams. 
M r Robert Cain <Sc M ra Lydia Manser. 
M r Giles Jefferies & M" Mary Edwards. 
M r John Roberts & M ra Hannah Dunham. 

By me Timothy Cutler. 



May 


21. 


June 


23. 


Oct. 


28. 


Dec. 


1. 




7. 


Feb. 


6. 



96 



Marriages in Boston. 



[Jan. 



VI. By the Rev. Thomas Prince in 1742-3. 

Boston N e. 

1742. 
May 11. ( Boston, Negro serv* of m r Edward Bromfield 

1 & 

( Hannah, negro serv' of capt. John Wendell. 

Aug. 10. (m r Phillip abbot ) 
-j & 

( m rs Jane Bonner 
Not. 2. ( m r James Road 
■j & 

( m ra Margaret Hirst 
1742-3. 
Jan. 2. ( rn r Thomas Foot ) 

-< & V of Boston. 

( m™ Elizabeth Angier ) 
Jan. 13. ( m r Joseph Blanchard of Littleton. 
i & 

I nr 8 Abigail Brewer of Boston. 

were married 

p me Thomas Prince. 



VII. By the Rev. Samuel Mather in 1743. 

Boston. Jan. 9. 1743. 
Dear Sir, 

The following List of Marriages by me in the Year Past. I ought to 
have sent you before now : But you will be so good as to excuse my neg- 
lect ; and believe me to be, Dear Sir, 

Your most Faithful Friend 

& humble Serv* S. Mather. 



Married in the Year 1742, 

April 3 d . M r Bartholomew Tenney & M re Margaret Lawler, 

May 3. M r Archibald Gardner & M" .Mary Story. 

July. 16. M r Thomas Tillet & M" Hannah Ingraham. 

July. 15. M r John Bish & M rs Elizabeth Philips. 

Aug. 5. M r John Wyat & M" Phebe Williams. 

SeptemV 7. M r Benjamin Stone & M rs Joanna Hewes. 

Octob r 14 th . M r James Barnard & M" Mary Peate. 

Nov r 3. M' John Tompson & M r9 Mary Aubins. 

Dec T 2. M r William Todd & M rs Mary Barnard. 

Jan. 27 th . M r William Barnard & M rs Sarah Eaton. 

By me S. Mather 






1880.1 Account Boohs of Church in Charlestown. 97 



ACCOUNT BOOKS OF THE FIRST CHURCH IN 
CHARLESTOWN. 

Communicated by James F. TTotxewell, Esq., of Charlestown, Mass. 

I. The Deacon's Book, 1671. 

Beside the Pastor's Record,* there is a Booh that was kept by the Deacons, 
and that contains their accounts. It is a tall, narrow folio (18-iX"£ in.) bound 
in vellum, and consisting of 191 leaves — many of which are blank. It begins 
with accounts for 1671. The receipts in cash for that year were 133, 04, OS: for 
1673, 123,06.01. There is reference in it to an earlier book. The first account 
with, a minister is that with the Rev. Thomas Shepard, as follows: — 

[2] " Mr Shepard debtor. 

" This firftyear paid most by deacon Lynds 

11 bv mony & by bills from partikeler ) 

" 1671 perfons from 'the 1: 2: 71: to the 1 2 72 f 
72 by mony, etc. to do. 73, 145, 12, 4; do. 74, 
11 74 paid in mony in the year 74; at feuar 

" tims as apears upon the book 

11 by goods brout in & by bills | from ) 

" mr Shepard | & by wood ) 

" 75 paid in mony in the year 75 " do " 

11 by wood mony paid for fom j of J 

11 it & by bills from mr Shepar | that he 

11 had receved of the perfons, in [ ?] & goods * 

76 simelar; "mony " 76-6-2; bills, etc. 

77 do. do. " 71-00-00; do. 
" [3, recto] M r Shepard Creditor [995 00 00] 

11 1671 for his labours amongft us from the 

" 1: of the 2: 71 to the 1:2:72 140 00 00 

" by a nould debt for the Rent of j ahous which 

11 hee paid that was the | Churches du to pa)- — 015 00 10 " 

11 72 ry his labours " etc [as above expressed, each year 

t i the 1:2:7 7— at £ 1 40 each year] . [ 700 00 00] 

11 1677 Credit by his Labors Amongft us from j The i 2° 

11 77— y* year 77 itt is | y e End 140 00 00 " 

[995 00 00~~ 
11 The holy god is Just & Right in this or Lott 
Remember " How we muft End in Sillenc [V] 

y e 22 words not suffitiant to Expres o r [Loff?] 

of December His blesed memorey is neuer to be forgott 

The most holey is juft & Right in this or Lott " 

Leaf 1 (with recto of 2). contains accounts from 3: 1: j| to (end? of) [16] 76. 
11 3 (do. 4), acc't with " Miftris bimms " who had an " alowans of the Se- 
lectmen of Charlstown for the year 71 — 25.00.00." 
u 4 (do. 5). do. with '* Mr Jofeph Broune m « for his labours amongft us " to 
" 1 aprill 77 " (about 3i years, at £84, and £80), paid in "mony, 
rent, wood," etc. 
5 « *, 7, Accounts erased. 8-17, Accounts, etc. 18-39, Blank. 
18-83 do. with many persons, contributions, 1676-88. 

84-87 Receipts of Saleries by Mess'rs Morton, £ 100, per year (Jan. 1, I694), 
Bradstreet, £104, per year (16$ to Mch. 15, 1724)5), and Stevens, 
£80, and later £ 150, per year (Mch 15, 1713 j 14 to Mch 8, 1720 | 1). 

* Sec Register, xxxiii. 342.— Editor. 
VOL. XXXIV. 9* 





155 


00 


00 " 


149,01, 01; 


[294 


13 


05] 


67-10-00) 










125 


06 


07 " 


57-16-10) 








71-00-00] 








! 


- 140 


00 


00 » 


69-00-00 J 








63-13-10 


140 


00 


00 


69-00-00 


140 


00 


00 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Replies to queries, if intended for 'publication, should be brief, unless the 
subject is of general interest. Fuller replies and statements, when furnished, 
will be kept on fie by the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, for 
the use of those interested. 

Notes. 

Dolor Davis. — Savage in bis Genealogical Dictionary, after stating that he was 
probably from Kent, adds : " Yet the graveyard of Benefield, in co. Northampton, as 
Dr. Palfrey assures me, contains the names of his ancestors." 

We have been favored by the lion. Horace Davis, of San Francisco, Gal., a de- 
scendant of Dolor Davis, with the following letter which his brother, the Hon. 
J. C. Bancroft Davis, received from the Rev. Edward M. Moore, the present rector 
of Benetield. It is dated " Benefield Rectory, Oudle, 27 Oct. 1879." 

" I have searched the Register Book for births, deaths and marriages, which com- 
mences in the year 1570 and ends in the year 1710, and I regret that I can find no 
entry of the name 'Davis.' We have no records earlier than 1570. The earliest 

• There is a receipt, Boston, Jnn§ 1, 1094, by John Hathorne for £11,17, "contributed 
towards y e Redemption of Rob 1 Carter accord* 2 to a breife &c." 



V 



98 Notes and Queries. [Jan. M 

m 

88-149, chiefly minor accounts 1794-1824. Remainder of the book blank, ex- 
cept list of Members of tlie Church, June 10, 1806, and a memo. \, 
191, " Giuen by m r thomas Rufell to the pore peopell that wear preft 
in to the farvis againft the Indians 28 of the 10: [16] 75 fiv pounds 
mony, 5.0.0." Onl. 10 is some statement of Capt. Richard Sprague's 
gift to the Church of £.100, in 1703, ordering " fouer filver tanckards." 
*.* 3 flagons & 2 tanckords " were bought of m r edward winflow for 
£90,10,8. On 1. 19 it is also recorded that in March 1718 " a peec 
of plate for the Churches vfe " was given by Mrs. Elizabeth Smith. 
As a matter of curiosity it appears in the account with Pea. Stitfon' s 
contribution, that he is Credited " by bear a barrell and £ at mr mor- 
tons coming, 9s [and] " by a barell of ftrong bear & a barell of fmall 
bear at the ordenation of the Revarent m r morton, 16s. 1 ' " Sambo 
negro helping caring goods & the (?) of the hous of the ordenation 
day, 4s. 10d." L. 13, Mch lTg, ;t fold the braff mony [from contri- 
bution box] to m r Conve (?) the goold fmith for fix fhillings." 

II. Day Books, 1693 and 1767. 

There is another Account Book, a thin folio (12X8 inches), marked ' k In 
Charls Town The Churches Day Book The 28 of Juen 1693 Begin the 2<* of 
July." It contains lists of the contributions on Sundays, of wood received, and 
of small pavments to Sep. 1714. On the last leaf are memoranda of contribu- % 

tions: 1693*, Dec. [24?] for [?]— 15, 11, 8. Dec. 31, " for the redemi'hon of 
captives," 03,09,04. 169?, Feb. 19, " on the acount of a bref from the leften- 
ant govenor & counfel for the promotin of the gospell ther was contrebuted by 
this congragation six pound & feven penc & paid in to m r Edward bromfeld." 
1698, June 17, on a simelar " bref," cont. bv this eong. " for the redemfhon of 
Samuell [duefton?] from flavery in [?] 29, 17, 0." 1699, Jan. 28, " for Wid- 
ow Cuttler by y e inhabetene of Charlstown, 23,07,05." 4 [feb. ?] " for John 
asberry " by the same, 15,03,10.* 

Another folio Account Book was begun May 1767, continued to April 17, 
1775, resumed Jan. 1, 1788, and continued to 1829. It contains a Statement of 
the Church property Jan. 1, 1788, a notice of Rev. Joshua Paine, Jr., and votes 
at the settlement of Dr. Morse. 






1880.] Notes arid Queries. 99 

tombstone which I have been able to decipher is dated 1690. There are many whose 
inscriptions are entirely effaced by time ; but to judge by their form I should say 
there is none earlier or much earlier than 1690. The name Davis does not occur in 
any legible inscription of that date. 1 ' 

Mr. Davis informs us that Dolor Davis married for a second wife Joanna Bursley, 
daughter of Rev. Joseph Hull, of Barnstable, and widow of John Bursley. She 
survived him and is named in his will. 



Shapleigh, Nicholas. — Savage in his Genealogical Dictionary, iv. 59, suggests 
that Alexander Shapleigh, father of Nicholas, may have come from Devonshire, 
Eng. Nicholas Shapleigh was [1641 ?] of Kingsweare, county of Devon. This ap- 
pears from a deed which l. some years since found recorded in York Co. [Me.], Deeds 
l. 1, by which James Trcworgy, now resident of New England, for £1500 paid by 
" Nicholas Shapleigh of Kingsweare in the County of Deavon, Marehant," granted 
lain " ail my Lands, Houses, Goods, Chattells, Fish, Fishing Coast, Bates," &c. , 
in New England in America. The above deed, dated April 2, Anno 16 James 
[Charles I. 1641?] was witnessed by Edward Godfrey. Roger Garde and Arthur 
Brayton. Appended to it is a memorandum made April 22, 1641. 

New Haven. Ct. .. . L. M. Boltwood. 



Bomghton-. — The following paper, which I find among the unrecorded manu- 
scripts deposited in the County Registers of York, I thought might be valuable, 
as it makes important additions to Savage. 

" The Deposition of Samuel Cheever aged 37 years and of Sarah Martin aged 32 
years : 

" We testify, that being present with M r John Bonighton att Marblehead in his 
last sickness on ffebruary 17 th 1676, upon a motion made that y c s d Bonighton would 
setle his estate before his death, he the sd Bonighton declared, his will was that w c 
estate he had formerly given to his two daughters which were marryed, should re- 
main to them, viz 1 the neck of Land which he had given to his daughter Eienor 
Church well, to be enjoyed by her : and the fifty acres of Land which he had given 
to his daughter Winnefrett Nichols, to be enjoyed by her also : and the rest of his 
whole estate, land and other estate, he gave it to his three sonnes, John, Thomas 
arid Gabrigan, the eldest Sonne John to 'have a double portion of all, and the other 
two sonnes an equali portion of all : and declared that his three sonnes should ac- 
cording to their proportion of estate afford to his wife Agnes Bonighton their 
owne mother a comfortable maintenance out of the estate during her natural life, 
that she might want nothing which might be convenient for her : Ami declared fur- 
ther that in case his son Thomas who then lay sick, should dy and not recover, his 
part of the estate given him now should returne to his other two bretheren as their 
estate and further say not: 167H: ffeb: 17: 

14 What is above written was tepefied on oath before me Moses Mavericke Com- 
missioner September the 17th 1660." 

Our records at Alfred order to the antiquary an inexhaustible mine of historical 
facts which have never been unearthed. The records are complete from 1632 to the 
present day, excepting a few leaves of the court records. 

Portland, Me., 432 Congress St. Charles E. Banks, M.D. 



Bigelow. — The following epitaph, copied from a marble slab in the Lawrence lot 
of tlie cemetery at Groton, has been furnished us by Samuel A. Green, M.D, It 
supplements the " Inscriptions from the Old Burial Grounds in Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts," recently published by the Worcester Society of Antiquity. 

Here 

lie the mortal remains of 

Mrs. ANNA BIGELOW, 

relict of 

Col. Timothy Bigelow 

of Worcester, Ma#s. 

She died Aug. 2, 1609, 

iEt. 63 yrs. 



100 



JSFotes and Queries. 



[Jan. 



m 



Herbert Pelham (ante, xviii. 172; xxxiii. 290). — Besides what I have written 
about Herbert Pelham on pp. 163, 317, 318, 319, 419 and 517 of my book [Annals 
of Nonconformity in Essex, ante, xx. 192], I find notes of his being- named in Sco- 
beli, ii. 66 and 406. He was also one of the magistrates who signed the committal 
of James Parnell to Colchester jail for disturbing the congregation at Ooggeshall 
in this county. Parnell himself gives the warrant in his " Fruits of a Fast," &c. 
pp. 250-2. I also find that Pelham frequently signed entries of marriage on the 
parish registers of the neighborhood. Thomas W . Davids. 

4 St. George's Square, 'Upton, London', E., England. 



Forsyth Family Gathering. — The Forsyths had a gathering at Manchester, 
N. H., July 9, 1879. The following officers were chosen, namely : F. F. Forsyth, 
M.D., of Weymouth, Mass., president ; Gapt. Hiram Forsyth, of Manchester, vice- 
president ; and Frederic Gregory Forsyth, Esq., of Portland, Me., secretary. 
Speeches were made and letters from various parts of this country and from abroad 
were read. A permanent association was formed, from which good results may be 
expected. 

Emery Family Gathering.— A reunion of the Eraerys was bad on Wednesday, 
Sept. 3, 1879, at the Merrimack House, in Newburyporr, Mass. The Rev. Samuel 
Hopkins Emery, of Taunton, was chosen to preside ; George Francis Emery, of 
Boston, was elected secretary, and Dr. Samuel Emery, of Newburyport, treasurer. 
The initiatory steps were taken to have a full and accurate genealogical history of 
the family prepared. To this end members of the family are requested to send to 
the Rev. Rufus Emery, of Newburgh, N. Y., full particulars of their own families, 
and such additional facts relating to others as may be known to them. The history 
when completed is to be deposited with the New England Historic, Genealogical 
Society. John and Anthony Emery, brothers, the progenitors of this family, settled 
in Newbury, in 1634. The historic spots in that vicinity connected with the family 
were visited, and a tine dinner was served, at which some excellent speeches were 
made. A good report of the meeting will be found in the Boston, Post, Sept. 4, 1879. 



Eight Generations Seen by one Person. — We are informed by J. Fletcher Wil- 
liams, Esq.. of St. Paul, Minn., that a paragraph in a Minnesota newspaper states 
that the grandmother of Mr. Donaldson, publisher of the Alexandria, Minn., Post, 
has seen eight generations of her family — three of her ancestors and four of her 
descendants. This is something unusual. She is over 90 years of age. 



Early Records of the Arnold Family (ante, xxxiii. 427-32). — Those who wish 
photo-facsimiles of the old Arnold record, 16 pages quarto, a copy of which was 
printed in the Register for October, can purchase them, at ten dollars per set, of 
Mr. Edwin Hubbard, 16 Farwell Hall, 148 Madison Street, Chicago, 111. 



Tappan. — The following family was accidentally omitted on page 57. 
42. William 5 Tappan (Michael,* Abraham, 3 Jacob, 2 Abraham) mar- 
ried Sarah Somerby, Jan. 1, 1783. 

i. William, b. 1785. vi. Frances, b. 1795. 

ii. Michael, b. 1786. vii. Elizabeth, b. 1796. 

iii. Joseph, b. 1788. viii. Mary, b. 1798. 

iv. Sarah, b. 1789. Lx. Ann, b. 1800. 

v. George, b. 1790. 






Queries. 

Woodward. — Will some one kindly enlighten rae concerning my family geneal- 
ogy ? The following are all the facts I am possessed of : 

1. Nathan Woodward (of whom I know nothing except his name) had Beniah, 
b. Sept. 29, 1771, d. Feb. 16, 1844. Nathan, b. Feb. 20, 1772. Joel, b. March 23, 



I 



1880.] Notes and Queries. 101 

1774. Zebedee, b. April 8, 1776. Prudence, b. March 9, 1778. Daniel, b. June 
8,178*2. 1 have heard that Joel had a Bon Joel, and that Nathan 2 had a son Na- 
than. 3 I know nothing more of these children except Beniah. He rn. first, Polly 
Harvey, bv whom he had Zelotes Harvey at Petersham, Mass., b. Jan. 28, 1793, d. 
July 23, 1853; and Lucinda, b. May 26, 1797, d. Oct. 29, 1810. He m. second, 
Mrs. Mela Perkins, Dec. 10, IS 15, by whom he had Nelson and Polly. Beniah left 
Petersham, Mass., about 1799, and went to Bangail in the town of Benson, Vt. His 
son Zelotes H. m. Hannah Perkins, April 1, 1819, and had John Perkins at Han- 
cock, Vt., July 11, 1822. He had seven other children. John Perkins is my father. 
I would like to know something of Beniah's lather Nathan, and of the family before 
him. 

2. Bronson's history of Waterbury, Conn., says that Nathan, son of Capt. Israel, 
m. Sarah Hickox, ar.d had Moses, Hawking, Antepas, John, Nathan, Sarah, Lois, 
Polly and Laura. 

Can any one tell me where the descendants of any of these children are living, or 
their names, particularly Nathan's descendants? All that I know of them is that 
Sarah was b. Sept. 17, 1766, d. Jan. 3, 1849, and m. John Stoddard, of Watevtown, 
Conn. Theron R. Woodward, 

Treasurer's Office, C. R. I. $ P. R- R>, Chicago, III. 



Mereen.— Samuel Mereen (Merien), of Cape Cod, b. about 1750, m. Rebecca 
Pepper. Can anv one give the names of their parents? 
Brocfdyn, A'. Y., Station W. R. W. Ken yon. 



Standish, Ring, Johnson, Seabuey.— I have a genealogy which is supposed to be 
correct, giving the following descent ;: Myles, son of Capt. Miles Standish, had a 

daughter Mary who married Johnson. Mary, their daughter, married > 

Seabury. Rebecca, their daughter, born about 1720, married Judah Chandler. 
The last four generations were of Yarmouth, Me. Can any one give me proofs or 
corrections, and supply the christian names of the fathers? 

R. W. Kenton. 



Paine (Payne), Kenton. — I have a record of the marriage of Joseph Kenyon 
and Sally (Sarah) Paine, both of Rhode Island. Joseph Kenyon was born about 
1700. Can any one furnish the exact date of his birth and the names of Sarah 
Paine's parents? R. W. Kenton. 



Gushing — Hannah Gushing, born about 1710, married M cah Allen, born at Hal- 
ifax 1736. Who were her parents? R. W. Kenton. 



Wainwright Family.— I should like to know if there are any descendants of Rev. 
John Waiuwriirht, of Ipswich, Mass., now living ; and I should be pleased to com- 
municate with any one of them on a matter of mutual interest. 

P. O. Box 1076, Boston, Mass. Dudley R. Child. 



Gregort.— John Gregory, the first of the name, of Norwalk, Ct., was living as 
late as 1689, and had four sons, Judah, John, Jr., Jakin and Thomas. Joseph 
Gregory was probably aiso his son. 

In 1754, Nathan Gregory, of Norwalk, Ct., married Sarah St. John. 

Can any one give me tiny information about the ancestors of Nathan Gregory and 
Sarah St. John, or connect Nathan in any way with the family of John Gregory 
mentioned above? O. N. Gregort, 

Madison, Wis. 



Kxicht.— Wanted a full list, with dates of birth, of the children of Nathaniel 
Knight, son of John and Rebecca (Noyes) Knight. Nathaniel was born Dec. 22, 
1688, and married Sarah Somerby, both being ot Newbury. They removed to At- 
kinson, N. H., about 1719. O. M. Knight. 






102 J¥otes and Queries, [Jan. 

Ballantine's Diary. — Rev. John Ballantine (Harv. Coll. 1735), minister at 
Westfield, Mass., 1741-76 [ante, vi. 371], kept for many years a very full diary of 
events occurring in Westfield and vicinity. From this diary, then in possession of 
the late Rev. Dr. Emerson Davis, of Westfield, more than twenty years ago, I made 
extracts. Can any one give me information where this diary may now be found ? 

New Haven, Ct. Lucius M. Boltwood. 



Cole. — Can any person give me the ancestry and parentage of Ebenezer Cole, 
who about 1748 emigrated from Eastham, Mass., to Middletown, Conn., and brought 
with him his wife Elizabeth and four children — Marcus, Ebenezer, Elizabeth and 
Jerusha? M. L. Roberts. 

21 Ward Street, New Haven, Ct. 

Kingsbury. — Wanted the maiden surname and parentage of Susanna, wife of 
Henry Kingsbury, of Ipswich. Her husband was born about 1615. k. 



Merrill. — Wanted the date of birth of Sarah Merrill, who married Joseph 
Knight, of Atkinson, N. H., Oct. 22, 1761. She is supposed to have been a daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Abigail ( Bartlett) Merrill, who removed from Newbury to Row- 
ley about 1736, which was probably not far from the date of Sarah Merrill's birth. 

Portsmouth. N. H. 0. M. Knight. 



White. — Who were the progenitors of John White, born Sept. 4, 1696, died 
August 11, 1781, ret. 85, buried in Wenham, M;ws., where his grave still appears 
on the north side of the gate near the road ? Married Rebecca Flint, who was born 
Jan. 18, 1698, died Nov. 5, 1759 or 60, aged 62 years. 

Any information concerning his progenitors, plates of their birth, &c, will be 
acceptable. M. B. Pratt. 



Streeter, Jokes, Wight, Bascom, Pond. — 

Samuel Streeter and wife Experience were of Hopkinton in 1739. Who was he ? 
and what was his wife's maiden name? 

Nathaniet Jones and wife Hannah were of Leicester in 1742. W r ho were her 
parents? and when did she marry Jones? 

Joseph Wight and wife Mercy were of Medfield in 1718. Who was she ? 

Daniel Bascom married in 1723 Elizabeth French, at Northampton. Who was 
she? 

Elder John Pond married in Boston, 1720, Rachel Fisher. Who was she ? 
159 Reinsert Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. Edward D. Harris. 



Replies. 

Porter and Bradstreet (ante, ix. 120).— In the Register for April, 1855, it is 
stated that Anna 4 Bradstreet, daughter of Simon 5 and Anna (Flint) Bradstreet, 
" married Amos Foster, of Darners, who removed to Ohio." We are informed by 
Mr. Simon S. Porter, of Marietta, Ohio, a grandson of this lady, that Foster should 
be Porter. Amos Porter, her husband, removed from Danvers about 1795, and set- 
tled near Marietta. " Amos Porter, Jr., their son," he states, " was the youngest 
but one of the company that under Gen. Rufus Putnam settled at Marietta. Ohio, 
April 7, 1758. lie was then nineteen years old, having been born in 1769. lie re- 
turned at the end of two years and married Sabra Tolman, of Chelsea. 

4i About 1795, Amos Porter, Sen., together with his son Amos and his lately mar- 
ried wife : his son-in-law Allen Putnam, who had married his daughter Anna, and 
his unmarried sons Jonathan and Simon, removed to Ohio and settled in the vicinity 
of Marietta, where many ol their descendants now live." 

Simon Porter, third son of Amos and Anna (Bradstreet) Porter, died within a 
few years at the advanced age of ninety-three. He was the father of our informant. 
t— Editor. 



1880.] Notes and Queries. 103 

Harvard College Commencements (See Register, xxxiii. 423). — According to 
Sewali's Diary, the Harvard Commencement in 1676 fell on July 28. — Page 15 of 
Mass. Hist. Society's edition. ■ F. JB. Dexter. 

New Haven, Ct. 

[Other corrections are solicited. — Editor.] 



Bingham. — In the Register for July, 1SC0 (xiv. 245), the statement is made that 
Jerusha Bingham, the mother of John Thornton Kirkland, President of Harvard 
College, was the daughter of Jabez Bingham, of Salisbury, Conn. This is an error. 
Jerusha Bingham was the daughter of Joseph B. of Windham, Conn., who married 
Sarah Wheelock, daughter of Ralph, Dec. 1, 1742. Sarah W heelock was the sister 
of Rev. Eieazer Wheelock, founder and first president of Dartmouth College. The 
late William L. Weaver, of Willimantic, Conn., published in 1863 an account 
of Pres. Kirkland's descent, and showed the error under which his biographers and 
others had labored. 

2110 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa. Walter F. Bingham. 



Announcements. 
History of the Wesletan Academy. — The Rev. David Sherman, D.D., of Lynn, 
Mass., has in preparation, at the request of the trustees, a history of this institu- 
tion, which has been in successful operation for more than half a century. Me re- 
quests the alumni to furnish for his use their recollections of the institution as it 
was in their day, or of any individual or incident connected with the academy. 



Biography of Walter Gendall. — The subscriber is preparing a biography of 
Capt. Walter Gendall, a prominent planter in the Province of Maine (Falmouth, 
Scarboro' and North Yarmouth) from 1640 to 1660. Any information concerning 
his career will be cordially acknowledged. Charles E. Banks, M.D. 

432 Congress Street, Portland, MeT 



Inscriptions in the Gloria Dei Churchyard, Philadelphia. — Paul M'Farland, 
Jr., 311 Walput Street. Philadelphia, who is now publishing the records of the 
Gloria Dei (old Swedes') Church, has copied all the inscriptions in the graveyard of 
that church, and proposes publishing them, if a sufficient number of subscribers 
can be obtained. The edition will be limited to one hundred copies. The book will 
contain portraits of the Rev. Dr. Collin and the Rev. Jehu Curtis Clay, D.D., rec- 
tors of the church, a view of the church and a plan of the yard. The price will be 
five dollars a copy. 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would suggest that all tacts of 
interest illustrating the family history or character be communicated, especially 
service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, with dates and places of oirth, marriage, 
residence and death. 

Bennett, of MidJleboro', Mass. By E. C. Bennett, of East Bridgewater, Mass. 
I Gibson. Descended from John Gibson, born in England, 1601, of Cambridge, 
Mass., 1631. By Frederick C. Pierce and Mrs. Ruth A."Howiand,of Barre, Mass. 

Gibson. Descended from James Gibson, who emigrated from Lisbon, county of 
Tyrone, Ireland, 1738. By the Hon. Alfred Gilman, of Lowell, Mass. 

Kingsbury. By the Rev. Addison Kingsbury, D.D., Marietta, Ohio, and the 
Hon. P. J. King-bury, of Waterbury, Ct. 

Kniqht. By Oliver M. Knight, of Portsmouth, N. II. To contain descendants 
of John Knight, mercer and merchant tailor, of Newbury, 1635. Will reciprocate. 

Mercer, of Pennsylvania and Virginia. By William R. Mercer, of Doylestown, 
Penn. 

Mercur y of Pennsylvania. By Rodney A. Mercur, of Towanda, Penn. 



104 Societies and their Proceedings. [Jan. 

Town Histories in Preparation. — Persons having facts or documents relating to 
any of these towns, are advised to send them to the person engaged in writing the 
history of that town, 

Andover, N. H. By George E. Emery, of Lynn, Mass. In the October number 
of the Register (ante, xxsiii. 443), we copied an article from a New Hampshire 
newspaper, in which the preparation of this history was erroneously attributed 
to the Hon. John M. Shirley. Mr. Emery has been many years collecting materi- 
als for a history of this his native town. 

Marlborough, N. H. By Charles A. Bemis, Esq., of Marlborough, Tt will con- 
tain an extensive history, full genealogies, portraits of thirteen or fourteen persons, 
and a view of the Frost Free Library. Price $3.50. Subscriptions received by the 
author. 

Middletown, Conn. By Mrs. M. E. Rockwell. To be published by C. W. 
Church, of Middletown. 

Nantucket, Mass. By Alexander Starbuck, Esq., of Waltham, Mass. He has 
been working upon the subject for the past ten years. His articles on " Nantucket 
in the Revolution " {ante, xxviii. 272, 436 ; xxix. 48, 141), and his recent History 
of the Whale Fishery, show that he is well qualified for the task. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

Maine Historical Society. 
Wednesday and Thursday, August 20th and 2\st, 1879. — In 187S the society held 
no field-day, as had been its custom for some years past ; but last year arrangements 
were made for holding one, and on the morning of Wednesday, August 20, a party 
of members left Wiscasset in the steamer Anemone. The sites visited were the main 
Sheepscot river, Boothbay harbor, Monhegan island, the Damariscove islands, and 
the interior passages from Boothbay to Bath over the ordinary route to travel between 
the two places. The object was to determine, if possible from the deck of the little 
steam-launch, the anchorage ground of Weymouth in 1605, the site of his Pentecost 
harbor, and the route of Champlain in the same year ; and also to investigate the 
alleged rock-writing on Monhegan and the Damariscove islands. Two clays were 
occupied in this pleasant excursion ; and those who participated in it obtained clearer 
ideas on some of the disputed points of history in regard to these localities. The 
party landed on Thursday at Bath. 

Reports of this meeting in the Brunswick [Me.l Tel yraph, Aug. 29 ; the Maine 
Farmer, Augusta, Me., Sept. 6, and the Boston [Mass.] Daily Advertiser , Aug. 23, 
1879. 

New- England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, September 3, 1879. — The first meeting of the 
season was held at three o'clock this afternoon, at the Society's House, 18 Somerset 
Street. In the absence of the president, the lion. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., who 
has not yet recovered from his accident last spring sufficiently to attend, the Rev. 
Lucius R. Paige, D.D., presided. 

The following committee to noiuinate officers for the ensuing year was chosen, 
viz. : the Rev. Henry A. Hazen, the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., K. H. Goss, 
C. Carlton Coffin and Samuel L. Boardman. 

The Hon. John B. D. Cogswell, pre.-ident of the Massachusetts Senate, read a 
paper on ■' Timothy Ruggles. the Tory Chief." 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported 120 volumes and 879 pamphlets as dona- 
tions during the months of June, July and August. He also exhibited the keys of 
the gaol and cell in which John Brown was confined at Charlestow r n, Va., previous 
to his execution, which had been presented by William F. Johnson, of Frederick, 
Maryland. 

The Rev. Samuel Cutler, the historiographer, reported a memorial sketch of tho 
late Commodore Foxhall A. Parker, U.S.A., a corresponding member. 

October 1. A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon at the usual place and 
hour, the Rev. Edmund F. Siaiter in the chair. 



1SS0.] Societies and their Proceedings. 105 

John Ward Dean, the Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, 
Jeremiah Colburn, William B. Trask, Henry F. Waters and Henry II. Edes,were 
chosen the publishing committee for 1879-80. 

The Rev. Elias Nason read a paper on " Sir Henry Vane, the Defender of Civil 
and Religious Liberty both in New England and Old, 1612-1662." 

The librarian reported 20 volumes and 53 pamphlets as donations in September. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, reported letters accept- 
ing the membership to which they had been elected, namely, the Rev. Samuel C. 
Damon, D.D., of Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands, as a corresponding member, and J. 
Willard Brown, of Medford, as a resident member. 

October 3. — A special meeting was held at 3 o'clock, P.M., the Rev. Mr. Slafter 
in the chair. 

Frederic Gregory Forsyth, of Portland, Me., read a paper on "Social Organi- 
zation." 

Boston, November 5. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon, the Rev. Mr. 
Slafter in the chair. 

Resolutions were passed in favor of continuing the publication by Congress of 
Force's " American Archives," as recommended by A. R. Spofi'ord, librarian of 
Congress. 

The Rev. George Zabriskie Gray, D.D., dean of the Episcopal Theological School 
at Cambridge, read a paper entitled '' Two Days on and near the Sussex Coast." 

A paper written by Charles W. Tuttle, entitled " The Story of Zerviah Stanley," 
showing the falsity of a statement made by writers of repute that she was a 
daughter of the Earl of Derby, was read, in his absence, by the Rev. Anson 
Titus, Jr. 

The historiographer read memoirs of six deceased members, namely, John S. Jen- 
ness of New York city, "Walter Hastings of Boston, William P. Haines of Biddc- 
ford, Peter Hobart of Boston, the Hon. Asahel Peck, LL.D., of Jericho, Vt., arid 
Austin Sumner of Boston. 

The librarian reported as donations in October, 213 volumes and S3 pamphlets. 

The corresponding secretary reported letters accepting membership from the Rev. 
Ephraim O. Jameson of Med way, the Rev. William Barrows, D.D., of Reading, 
Dana B. Putnam, M.D., of Boston, John W. Fanvell of Melrose, Mass., and Fred- 
eric G. Fursyth of Portland, Me. 

A portrait of Capt. Winslow Lewis, father of Dr. Winslow Lewis, formerly pre- 
sident of the society, presented by Robert Willard, M.D.,and family, was exhibited. 

December 3. — A 6tated meeting was held at 3 o'clock this afternoon, the Rev. Ed- 
mund F. Slafter in the chair. The Rev. William Barrows, D.D., read a paper on 
" The Northmen in New England." 

The librarian reported 13 volumes and 201 pamphlets as donations. 

The corresponding secretary reported the acceptance of El Conde Premio-Real, 
Spanish consul general, Quebec, Canada, as a corresponding member ; and William 
E. Foster, of Providence, R. I., the Rev. William Barrows, D.D., of Reading, Asa 
P. Morse of Cambridge, and Charles B. Gookin of Boston, as resident members. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of the following deceased mem- 
bers, namely : the Rev. Joseph M. Finotti of Central City, Col., Gustavus A. Som- 
erby of Boston, Samuel T. Parker of Wakefield, Benjamin Sewall of Boston, the 
Hon. Isaac Livermore of Cambridge, William T. Andrews of Boston, and the Rev. 
William 1. Budington, D.D., of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Reports of these meetings in the Boston Keening Transcript, Sept. 4, Oct. 2 and 
4, Nov. 6, and Dec. 4, 1&70. 

Rhode-Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, Oct. 7, 1879. — A quarterly meeting was held m the cabinet 
on Waterman Street this evening at 7.45 o'clock, the Hon. John R. Bartlett in the 
chair. 

The Rev. Edwin M. Stone, the librarian, reported as donations since his last 
report, 01 volumes, 230 pamphlets, 3 maps, and a number of other small articles, 
making in all 460 contributions to the library. From Mrs. John Carter Brown had 
been received a complete set of The Liberator. 

VOL. XXXIY. 10 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Samuel Cutler, Historiographer cf the Society. 

The historiographer would state, for the information of the society, that 
the memorial sketches which are prepared for the Register are necessarily 
brief in consequence of the limited space which can be appropriated. All 
the facts, however, he is able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the 
Society, and will aid in more exteuded memoirs for which the " Towne 
Memorial Fund" is provided. The preparation of the first volume is 
now in progress by a committee appointed for the purpose. 

The Hon. Asaetel Peck, LL.T)., of Jericho, Vt., a life member, was born in Roy- 
alston, Mass., Sept. 1603 ; died in Jericho, Vt., May IS, 1879, aged 76 years. Ilis 
father removed t> Montpelier in 1806. Asahel was educated at the University of 
Vermont, and adopted the law as his profession, being admitted to the bar at Bur- 



106 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Wednesday, Nov. 5. — A meeting was held this evening, the Rev. Carlton A. Sta- 
ples in the chair. 

Gen. Horatio Rogers read a paper on "La Corne St. Luc, the leader of Bur- 
goyne's Indians." 

Wednesday, Nov. 19. — A stated meeting was held this evening. 

Prof. John L. Lincoln, of Brown University, read a paper upon "Tacitus," be- 
ing an examination of the character and works of that historian. 

The Rev. F. Dennison, in behalf of a committee appointed at a previous meeting 
to consider the subject, reported in favor of preserving a portion of a ledge in 
Johnston containing specimens of Indian pottery, provided the necessary funds 
were subscribed and the city council of Providence would assign a place in Roger 
Williams park for keeping the memorial. 

Reports of these meetings are printed in the Providence Journal and the Pro ui- 
dence Press, Nov. 6, and the Evening Bulletin, Nov. 20, 1879. 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mass., Monday, Oct. 6, 1879. — A quarterly meeting was held this 
evening, the Hon. Samuel L. Crocker, vice-president, in the chair. 

Samuel L. Crocker, Jr., read a paper on " The Contributions of Taunton to the 
"War of the Revolution." 

Delaware Historical Society. 

Wilmington, Friday, Dec. 5. 1879. — The society held its annual meeting this eve- 
ning at their house on Market Street, above 10th Street, the Hon. Leonard £. Wales, 
the president, in the chair. 

The old board of officers were unanimously reelected, namely : 

President — Hon. Leonard E. Wales. 

Vice-Presidents — Hon Joseph P. Comegys, Rev. T. Gardiner Littell, Hon. Tho- 
mas F. Bayard. 

Recording Secretary — Joseph R. Walter. 

Corresponding Secretary — Dr. L. P. Bush. 

Librarian — Dr. R. P. Johnson. 

Treasurer — Ell wood Garrett. 

Historiographer — Joseph R. Walter. 

Directors— William D. Dowe, Caesar A. Rodney, Col. H. S. McComb, John H. 
Adams. Dr. Jo l m P. Wales. 

Dr. Bush read a copy of a letter written by James A. Bayard, the elder, relative 
to the position assumed by him in casting the deciding vote for Thomas Jefferson. 

The annual meeting was then adjourned to the evening of Dec. 15, immediately 
before the stated meeting. 



1880.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 107 

Itngton in 1S32. He •was very successful as a practitioner, securing a large and very 
profitable business. In 1S51 Mr. Peck was elected to the bench of the circuit court, 
and held the circuit judgeship for four years. In I860 be was elected judge of the 
supreme court, and held that office by successive elections up to the year 1874. Dur- 
ing uiost of this time his resilience was in Montpelier. In isw - 2 he removed to 
his farm in Jericho : and in 1873 he signified his intention to decline a reelection, 
and to retire permanently from the bench. In 187-1, without a hint, much less soli- 
citation on his part, he was nominated for governor by the republicans, and elected 
by over 20,000 majority. At the close of his tenn of office he retired to his iarm, 
and there spent the remainder of his days. 

Judge Peck was originally a democrat, but was strongly aroused by the agres- 
sions of the slave power, and joined the free democracy or liberty party, and was 
its candidate for congress from the Burlington district. Upon the organization of 
the republican party he united with that. In 1872 he received the degree of LL.D. 
from Middlebury College. The governor of Vermont recently tendered him an ap- 
pointment as one of the commissioners to revise the statutes of the state, but he 
declined the office. 

Judge Peck never married. His brother Nahuin, aud nephew Hon. Cicero G. 
Peck, tire his only surviving relatives near of kin. 

The Burlington Press says of him : " Vermont never had a more upright and 
more respected citizen. His integrity was absolute. Modest, quiet, kindly as a 
man ; a sound, studious, painstaking and thorough lawyer ; as a jurist, able, clear, 
upright and firm, though lenient : a cautious, attentive and honored governor ; the 
architect of his own fortunes, a man of clear and independent judgment, strong 
convictions and unswerving devotion to truth and right, Judge Peck made a record, 
which may well be held up to example." 

His membership dates from Oct. 28, 18C3. 

The Hon. William Pickering Haines, a resident member, of Biddeford. Maine, 
was born at Canterbury, X. II., Feb. 22, 1811 ; died in Biddeford, July 2, 1879, aged 
€8 years. 

lie graduated at Dartmouth College, N. H., in the class of 1831. He read law 
with Hayes & Cogswell, of South Berwick, Me., one year from April, 1832, then 
with Gov. John Fairfield, of Saco, Me., with whom he was a partner in the prac- 
tice of his profession from 1835 to 1847. He was a member of the state senate in 
1S47, and was chairman of the legislative committee to receive President Polk on his 
visit to Maine. From 1847 to 18.50, he was agent of the Saco Water Power Com- 
pany, and from 1850 to 18G7, agent of the Peppereil Manufacturing Company of 
Biddeford, Me. From 18G7 to 1870, he was treasurer of the Peppered and Laconia 
Companies, resigning his position on account of illness, but has been agent of both 
companies since. He was twice democratic candidate for United States Senator; 
and once as representative for Congress from the first Maine district : was a trustee 
of Bowdoin College until within four years; has been a trustee of Dartmouth Col- 
lege, president of Biddeford National Bank, and was an active member of the con- 
gregational church, honored and respected by the people. He married, August 16, 
1836, Harriet, daughter of Timothy Fer^u«on. of South Berwick, Me., by whom he 
had a son, Ferguson, born at Saco, March 2, 1840, graduated at Dartmouth College 
1860, married Hattie, daughter of Cant. Nehemiah Hill, of Biddeford, June 1, 
1865, and was chosen mayor of Biddeford, March 11. 1^67. 

Mr. Haines became a resident member March 17, 1869. 

Peter Hobart, Esq., of'Bnston, a life meml>er, was horn in Boston, Nov. 19, 1606 ; 
died in Boston, July 15, 1679, in his seventy-third year. 

He was a descendant in the eighth generation from Edmorid 1 Hubert, who cr>me 
from Hingham, England, and settled in Hingham, Mass., in 1633; through Ed- 
mond* Samuel? Peter* Pe!er, b and Dr. Peter? a graduate of Harvard College 
1775, and his father Peter? born in Hanover, Mass., Feb. 16, 1783, and who died 
in Boston March 10, 1676. Dr. Pet^r 6 was born in Hingham, but removed to Hano- 
ver, where he was for many years the only practising physician. The Rev. Peter 
Hobart, who came to Elinghaili in 1635, and was the first settled minister there, was 
the brother of Edmond Hobart, Sen , the ancestor of Peter Hobart. The tm-ther of 
Peter Hobart was Betsey, daughter of Cflpt. Isaac Turner, of Hanover, where she 
was horn Oct. 2, 1781, and died in Koxbury, Mass., 1635. His lather removed to 
Boston about 1603, and was for many years in active business as a carpenter and 
builder, and was one of those whose works are the best monuments of their virtues. 



108 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

Peter Hobart, the subject of our notice, was in very early life an attendant of the 
Sabbath school of Pars Street church, and was Ions; an active and zealous member. 
For a few years past he attended worship at the Old South church. In company 
with the present sexton of that church, he rang the old bell for the last time before 
it was removed from the ancient belfry. Mr. ilobart was a prominent member of 
the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association. 

He leaves a wife and three daughters. His son. Henry L* Hobart, a member 
of this society (ante, xxviii. 209, and xxx. 278) died July 23, 1873. Mr. Hobart 
was in early life a mechanic. Of late years he has been engaged more particularly 
in the management of real estate, controlling the Harvard place, and other property. 

His membership dates from Sept. 14, 1859. 

.Austin Sumner, Esq.. of Boston, Mass., a resident member, was born at South- 
bridge, Worcester Co., Mass., Oct. 21, 1815; died in Boston, Oct. 14, 1879, aged 
sixty-four years, less seven days. 

He was a sesoye of Roger 1 Sumner, of Bicester, England (ante, ix. 300), by wife 
Joane Franklin: through William, 2 of Dorchester, Mass., by wife Mary West ; 
George, 3 by wife Mary Baker; Edward, 4 by wife Elizabeth Clap ; John, 6 by wife 
Susannah Stevens ; John. 6 by wife Abigail Pease; and George, 7 by wife Margaret 
Burt. His father, Dea. George 7 Sumner, of Southbridge, was one of the must wor- 
thy citizens of that place. He was for several years a clerk in a store there, and 
about the time he became of aire he bought out the store, in connection with Messrs. 
John 0. and William F. McKinstry, and they carried it on under the firm of Sum- 
ner & McKinstry until about 1610, when, his health failing, he sold out to h is part- 
ners and made a trip to the south. He returned home in the spring of 1811, and 
for a while carried on business in Michigan. About 1843 he removed to Boston, 
and for about twenty years was in the dry-goods business as a member successively 
of the firms of Towne, Waldo & Co. (ante, xxxii. 16), Sumner, Brewer & Co., and 
Austin Sumner & Co. Afterwards he was treasurer of the Merchants' Woolen Com- 
pany. He retired from this position, and from active business, about ten years ago. 
He has been one of the directors of the Eagle National Bank a number of years, "in 
business circles he took a high stand, both for character and ability, and the various 
firms of which he was successively the head, enjoyed a good run of business. Among 
the older merchants of Boston he is spoken of with the greatest respect, aud the 
announcement of his death was received with expressions of regret. 

Mr. Sumner married. Sep:. 14, 1841, Julia, daughter of Dr. John Seaburv. She 
died at Bellows Falls, X. H., July 3, 1851. He married second, Nov. 24, 1862" Cathe- 
rine Osborn, daughter of Epes Sargeant, of Boston. By his first wife he had 
three children — Ella M., Austin P., and George S. ; and two — John 0. and Mary 
O. — by his second wife. 

He xcame a member May 9, 1805. 

The Rev. William Ives Budington, D.D.. of Brooklyn, N. Y., a corresponding 
member, was born in New Haven, Ct., April 21, 1815. and died in Brooklyn, Nov. 
29, 1879, iu his sixty-fifth year. He was a graduate of Yale College in the class of 
1834, and from the divinity school at New Haven in 1838. He also studied theolo- 
gy as a resident graduate at Andover Theological Seminary. He was ordained as 
pastor over the First Church in Charlestown, Mass., April 22, 1840. Here he had a 
very happy and prosperous ministry until September 22, 1854. While here, in 1845, 
he published an admirable history of that church, 8vo. pp. 258. In 1854, considera- 
tions in connection with the impaired state of hi* health led him to resign his pastor- 
ate at Charlestown and accept the charge of a Presbyterian church in Philadelphia. 
While in that citv his wife died. He then accepted a call from the Clinton Avenue 
Congregational church in Brooklyn, and was installed Dee. 19, 1855. This position 
he filled with distinguished ability until compelled by failing health to relinquish 
its active duties two or three years ago. 

He was admitted a resident member, May 29, 1846, and his membership was 
changed to corresponding, Jan. 4, 1856. 

Samuel Tr.isk Parker. Esq. , of Wakefield, Mass. , a life member, was born in Pem- 
broke. N. II., Sept 20. 1311. lie died suddenly while on a journey west for the 
benefit of his health, on board the steamboat Daniel Drew, near Hudson, N. Y., 
June 2, 1879, in his sixty-fifth year. He-was the son -of John Parker, who kept a 
country store in Pembroke, and having a natural tendency for trade, he gained in 
that store experience which fitted him for a very successful business man. 

About the year 1831 he went to Concord, N. H., where he began business on his 
own account, in 1839 he removed thence to Boston, took a small store in Black- 



1880.] ' Booh Notices. 109 

stone Street, where for some years by diligence and prudence he added to his busi- 
ness and his means. In 1857 he formed a copartnership 'with Messrs. D. P. and 
£. B. Lane, under the firm of Parker, Lane & Co., in the flour and grocery trade, 
which continued for about three years, and on the dissolution of this connection Mr. 
Parker continued in the same branch of business under his own name. From his 
long connection with the wholesale grocery trade of Boston he was well known as 
an active and successful merchant, and was much respected in business circles. 

In 1819 Mr. Parker married Miss Margaret Patten, of Albany, N. II. , by whom 
he had three sons and two daughters, viz. : 1. Moses, born Sept. 15, 1850 ; 2. Em- 
ma <$., born April 27, 1853 ; 3. William C. and 4. Samuel T. (twins,/, bom April 
12, 1858 ; 5. Frances J., born Dec. 22, 1862, who survive him. 

His membership is from Aug 21, 1862. 



BOOK NOTICES. 



The Editor requests persons sending books for notice in the Register to state, for 
the information of its readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for 
postage when sent by mail. 

Life of Benedict Arnold; Bis Patriotism and Treason. By Isaac N. Arnold, 
Author of i4 Life of Abraham Lincoln." [Motto ] Chicago : James M.eClurg 
& Co. 1880. [Cloth, Crown 8vo. pp. 441. With Portrait and full index. Price 
$2.50. Sold by Lee & Shepard. Boston, Mass.] 
Any attempt to alter or essentially modify the settled judgment of the American 

people as to the character of Benedict Arnold, must of necessity prove a failure. 

Few characters in history are better known or more easily understood. His public 

life exhibits a series of bold, daring acts, interspersed with quarrels with individu- 

Ials or with the legislatures of Massachusetts or Pennsylvania, and with Congress. 
His nature was ardent, impetuous and undisciplined. As a boy he displayed the 
same mercenary disposition, the same reckless daring, the same lack of principle, 
the same unscrupulousness as to means, and the same utter disregard of conse- 
quences that were so conspicuous in his after career. His judicious biographer, Mr. 
Sparks, says of him : " To an innate love of mischief young Arnold added an 
obduracy of conscience, a cruelt} T of disposition, an iritability of temper, and a reck- 
less indifference to the good opinion of others." The necessary relation of cause 
and effect makes it a foregone conclusion that the detestable act that rendered his 
name infamous for all time was the neeessary outcome of suc'i characteristics when- 
ever the favorable circumstances should occur for their development. The rehabili- 
tation of such a character seems a hopeless undertaking. 

Such however is the task which Mr. Isaac N. Arnold, of Chicago, has set him- 
self; and undoubtedly the public is the gainer when, as in this instance, additional 
light is thrown on the prominent actorsand events of history. While " for the traitor 
Arnold he has no plea but guilty," the writer asks for " a fair hearing and justice 
for Arnold the soldier and patriot," affirming that injustice has been done him in 
" ignoring his virtues and in refusing to recognize his great services." We do not 
consider this point well taken. Assuredly no reader of our revolutionary history 
can fail to recall the brilliant feats of Arnold portrayed in its pages; the daring 
march through the wilderness to Quebec, and the heroic assault on its walls ; the 
skilfully conducted naval battle on Lake Champlain ; his activity and intrepidity 
at Ridgefield, and especially his services in the campaign ending in Burgoyne's 
surrender. If any injustice has been done him by our historians and other writers, 
it is with reference to the latter achievement. No one contributed more largely to 
the grand result — a result which secured the alliance with France and settled the 
question of independence — than Benedict Arnold. With this exception we believe 
that the bravery and the military talents and achievements of Arnold have received 
ample recognition at their hands. Unfortunately there is little else to be said in 
his favor. 

The historian Bancroft erroneously asserts, on the authority of Wilkinson, that 
Arnold^ was not present at the first battle of Saratoga, on Sept. 19, 1777. That he 
"was a listless observer, or remained in camp regardless of the fact that he was re- 
sponsible for the entire left wing which was then assailed, is wholly inconsistent 
with his nature and the position he occupied. No one acquainted with the charac- 

VOL. XXXIV. 10* 



110 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

ter of the man, or familiar with the details of this important battle, fought wholly 
by Arnold's division, can doubt his active participation in it. Indeed his absence 
from it when neither sick nor under arrest would be simply incredible. To suppose 
that this hard fought action, well planned by an enemy handled by skilful gene- 
rals and led by Burgoyne in person, was successfully carried on until darkness 
brought it to a close, by troops without a leader, or concert of action, is preposter- 
ous/ Upon this point the writer has justice and truth on his side, and to Arnold 
and his troops the credit of this achievement properly belongs. To him, indeed, 
rather than to Gates, who as the commander in chief bore off the honors, the success 
of this decisive campaign seems justly attributable. 

Foremost among the causes assigned for Arnold's defection was the dilatory action 
of Congress, who had been slow to accord him his proper rank, and who hesitated 
to allow his pecuniary claims. That body was no doubt influenced by the unfavor- 
able reports generally prevalent respecting his integrity, while the voluminous ac- 
counts presented by him for settlement contained so many extras and charges in his 
own favor of a dubious and manifestly unreasonable character, that it bore the 
appearance of an impudent attempt to overreach and defraud the public. So appa- 
rent was this that the next time the question of his rank came up after this expo- 
sure, it was decided against him three to one. His brilliant conduct at Saratoga, 
however, had procured him his full rank, dating from Feb. 17, 1777, nearly three 
years before his treasonable attempt — thus removing this cause of irritation. 

His subsequent career of extravagance in Philadelphia compelled him to have 
recourse to oppressive and illegal acts to enable him to sustain it. This led to a 
court-martial, whose light sentence of a reprimand was delicately and with all pos- 
sible forbearance administered by Washington. This reprimand, added to the in- 
justice with which Congress had treated him, his present biographer tells us, 
" rankled aud irritated until it poisoned, drove him to desperation, and opened the 
way for the commission of his crime." Unfortunately for this theory, it is certain 
that Arnold had been in secret correspondence with the enemy for nearly a year 
before the sentence of the court had been pronounced. We have a simpler theory 
to propound. It is this : lie wanted money ; he was sensitive and high-spirited, 
notwithstanding his utter want of principle, and was no doubt keenly alive to the 
disrepute his avaricious and oppressive conduct had brought upon him, and to pro- 
cure money, to avenge himself upon his enemies in Congress, and at the same time 
to ingratiate himself with the British government, be took the fatal step, alas ! 
made all too easy by the marriage he bad contracted while in Philadelphia with the 
daughter of an influential loyalist. 

Yet the writer of the volume tells us Arnold was a " patriot," and this state- 
ment reappears in a variety of forms. Such a sad misuse of the word is inexcusa- 
ble. If Arnold who sold his country was a patriot, what was Washington? We 
have hitherto supposed a patriot to be a man who made sacrifices for his country, 
not one who offered her up as a sacrifice on the altar of his vengeful spirit. The sol- 
dier who, " ill fed, ill clad, and worse paid," served in the ranks until the inde- 
pendence of his country was secured, and who, when dishanded, had nothing but his 
rags and his wounds, or perhaps a broken constitution to show as his recompense — 
such is the view we have feen accustomed to take of what constituted a patriot in 
the " days that tried men's souls." It goes without saying that Benedict Arnold 
is the last man to whom we should accord that honorable appellative. 

F. S. Drake. 

Bulletin of the Boston Public Library. January — October, 1879. [Large 8vo.pp. 

1-H3.] 
Harvard University — Library Bulletin. Nos. 1-13. 1875-1879. [8vo. pp. 1-378.] 

The bulletins of the Boston Public Library, of which the numbers noted above 
are the beginning of volume 4th, are widely known among students, readers and libra- 
rians, for the valuable bibliographical information which they contain, and which 
render full ?ets of them so useful to librarians and those who have much to do with 
books. The lists of accessions are enriched by many helpful notes which give in 
brief the contents of important works, and are of great assistance to readers ; while 
the supplementary matter is of much general interest and value in a literary, his- 
torical and biographical point of view. Id the numbers of the past year, besides 
quarterly lists of new books added to the library, there are bibliographical articles on 
the ludian Question, the Bibliography of Mental Philosophy, the Renaissance in 
France and Italy, the Chinese in America ; and what will be especially valuable to 



1880.] Booh Notices. Ill 

students of local history and genealogy, lists of references to published genealogies, 
local histories containing genealogical matter, and a list of American newspapers of 
the last century. The work is carefully edited, and deserves to be prized by students 
of bibliography. 

The publication of the Bulletin of Harvard University Library was commenced in 
Dec. 1&75, the design being to have the -numbers appear quarterly. The numbers 
1-5 contain simply lists of accessions, each number being paged independently. 
"With the issue of the number for Dec 1, 1S7T, Mr. Justin Winsor, the new libra- 
rian of Harvard, assumed the editorship, and with this issue the paging of the 
numbers began to be made consecutively. In the nest succeeding issue, No. 6, 
Mr. Winsor commenced the publication of a Supplement, containing bibliographical 
notes, lists and references, which had given the Bulletin of the Boston Public Li- 
brary, while under his charge, so well deserved a reputation ; and these lists have 
been continued and have embraced much rare, curious and important information in 
regard to the many special collections in the University library. We enumerate 
a lew of the more noteworthy : Bibliography of the books and manuscripts left to 
the library by the late Hon. Charles Sumner, 27 pages ; Calendar of the Lee Man- 
uscripts deposited in the library, IS pages, Lists of the several editions of the 
life and Avorks of Michelangelo, 8 pages; Bibliography of the earlier editions 
of Shakspeare's Poems, 7 pages; Lists of works relating to the Floras of dif- 
ferent countries, 10 pages; Editions of the works of J. O. Hallowell-Phiiiips, 13 
pages; with references to works on American history, the Pilgrims at Plymouth, 
the Council of New England, 16*20-35, the Massachusetts Bay Colony 1630. the 
Antinomian Controversy in New England 103-2, and a list ot works in Analytic 
Geometry, by Prof. J. M. P'ierce. The above lists when completed are to be 
issued in independent form as " Bibliographical Contributions of the Library of 
Harvard University. 1 ' Mr. Winsor is one of the most accomplished bibliographers 
in the country, and his careful editing is manifest upon every page of these several 
issues. Samuel L. Boardman. 

New Hampshire without a Provincial Government, 1689-90 ; an Historical Sketch. 
By Charles W. Tuttlf. Reprinted from the Proceedings of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society for October, 1879 Cambridge: Printed by John Wilson & 
Son. 1SS0. [8vo. pp. 12. With a heliotype facsimile. 50 copies printed.] 
Mr. Tuttle is one of the mo^t indefatigable and successful investigators of New 
England history, and the pamphlet before us furnishes new evidence of the keen- 
ness and ardcr of his research. This historical sketch covers a period of eleven 
months, during which New Hampshire had no colonial or provincial government. 
The overthrow of the government of Sir Edmund Andros, April 18, 166!), left New 
Hampshire, as it did the other New England provinces and colonies, without a gov- 
ernment. Dr. Belknap, who has touched but lightly upo i the public affairs of 
New Hampshire during this period, has fallen into some errors, which the author 
corrects. 

Some years ago Mr. Tuttle came into possession of o valuable original document, 
showing a form of government adopted by a convention of delegates from all the 
towns, held in Portsmouth, January 21, IH89-90. This led him to investigate the 
history of that period. An inspection of the archives of New Hampshire, Massa- 
chusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island, resulted in several interesting discoveries 
in New England history. 

Among other things, it appears, what no writer seems to have suspected, that 
the old confederation of the colonies was revived in 1689; that New Hampshire 
was admitted to the confederacy and sent a commissioner ; and that force of circum- 
stances compelled Massachusetts even to invite Rhode Island, which had been re- 
fused admission to the old confederacy, to join them, but this she declined. William 
Vaughan was the commissioner sent from New Hampshire. 

Mr. Tuttle gives the details of the various struggles of the people of New Hamp- 
shire to form a government, and the reason of their failuie ; for their fortune led 
them to a final annexation to Massachusetts, March 10. 1090. 

It may be mentioned that Mr. Tuttle has fixed the date of the attack on Oyster 
River in 1639, and that he corrects Mather by giving the true name of the captain 
who pursued the Indians. J. W. Dean. 

Brief Memoir of Dr. George H. Gay, II. C. 1842. By C. D. Bradlee, II. O. 1852. 

[Boston: J 1879. [8vo. pp. 6.] 

This is a beautiful tribute to the memory of an able surgeon, conscientiously de- 
voted to his profession, by one who knew him intimately. J. w. d. 



112 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

Historical Address. By George W. Rance. At the Centennial Celebration of the 
Settlement of Lexington, Kentucky Lexington, Ky. : Transylvania Print- 
ing and Publishing Company. 1879. [Svo. pp. 11. J 

The address was delivered in Morrison Chapel, Lexington, April 2, 1879, just one 
hundred years alter the first permanent settlement was made. Some of the settlers 
had camped upon the spot four years previous, June 5, i775. This was- a few weeks 
after the battle of Lexington was fought, and "in honor of that glorious field," 
they gave it its present name. " Here," says the author, " in the heart of a Vir_ 
ginia "wilderness, and by Kentucky pioneers, was erected the first monument ever 
raised on this continent to the first dead of the American Revolution." 

Mr. Ranck is the secretary of the Kentucky Historical Society and the author of 
the Hie tor v of Lexington, published in 1872. He has also edited the poems of 
Theodore O'Hara, author of* '* The Bivouac of the Dead." The address is able 
and eloquent. J- W. d. 

An Account of the Early Land-Grants of Groton, Massachusetts. By Saaiuel A. 

Green, M.D. Groton : 1379. [8vo. pp. 58. J 

This is another valuable addition to the materials for the history of Groton, which 
Dr. Green has given to the public. He had before furnished us with the epitaphs 
and the early records of Groton, and he now prints a verbatim copy of the land- 
grants of the seventeenth century recorded in the town books. Like the records be- 
fore noticed (ante, xxxiii. 454), the original from which the land-grants are copied 
is in a very dilapidated condition, much worn and very hard to decipher. 

J. w. D. 

Reminiscences of James C. Ayer and the Town of Ayer. u Undertake what you can 
accomplish, and accomplish what you undertake." — James C. Ayer. By Charles 
Cowley, Author of ' k Leaves from a Lawyer's Life Afloat and Ashore," " Histo- 
ry of Lowell," " Famous Divorces of all Ages," etc. Printed by the Penhallow 
Printing Company, No. 12 Middle Street, Lowell, Mass. [1879. Svo. pp. 156. 
Price ,<1.25 in cloth, or ,<1 in paper. For sale by the printers, Lowell, and by 
Lee & Shepard and B. B. Russell, Boston, Mass.] 

The substance of these reminiscences was " read by the author at the tenth an- 
nual meeting of the 'Old Residents' Historical Association,' held in Lowell. May 
8, 1879," and repeated to the public at the request of prominent citizens, Wednes- 
day evening, July 9, 1879, in Huntington Hall, Lowell. They were so well re- 
ceived that the author has been encouraged to add to and print them. Such works 
have great value as contributions to local and personal history. 

James Cook Ayer, the subject of this work, was born in that part of Groton, Ct., 
now Ledyard, May 5, 1818, and died in Winchendon, Mass., July 3, 1878, aged 
CO, having by a successful business career, in which he showed enterprise and saga- 
city, accumulated a fortune. His medicines have made his name familiar through- 
out the country. 

The " Reminiscences of the Town of Ayer," — which town was named in honor of 
James C. Ayer. and received liberal donations from him, — are, like the rest of the 
volume, interesting and valuable. j. w. d. 

The American Antiquarian. A Quarterly Journal devoted to Early American His- 
tory, Ethnology and Archccology. Edited by Rev. Stephen D. Pert, Clinton, 
Wisconsin. Published by Jackson & Morse, Chicago, 111. 1»79. [Svo. Pub- 
lished quarterly. Price $3 a year.] 

A Comparison between the Archeology of Europe and America. By Rev. Stephen 
D. Peet. Read before the American Association for the Advancement of Sci- 
ence, at the Session held at Buffalo, August 22, 1876. Reprinted from the Amer- 
ican Antiquarian for xipril, 1S79. [Chicago: 1879. 8vo. pp. 14.] 

The first number of the American Antiquarian was issued in April, 1878, and 
was noticed in the Register for that year. The number for July, August and 
September, 1879, being che commencement of the second volume, is now before us, 
increased in size to 88 pages, and filled with valuable matter upon the special sub- 
jects to which the periodical is devoted. We are glad to have so good evidence that 
the work is meeting with success. 

The Rev. Mr. Peet's comparison of Archaeology in Europe and Amercia is an 
able paper on an important subject. j. w. d. 



1880.] , Boole Notices. 113 

Indian Massacre at Fox Point, in Nevrington. By Charles W. Tcttle. [1879. 
8vo. pp. 6. 25 copies reprinted from the Proceedings of the Massachusetts His- 
torical Society for June, 1679.] 

Fox Point, in Newington, N. H., was part of Dover, when this alleged massacre 
took place, May 28, 1690. Mr. Tuttle, — versed in New Hampshire history, touch- 
ing which his keen and thorough research is fast accumulating most valuable re- 
sults. — became suspicious that there was no such massacre. Patient examination 
found that the story originally appeared in a loose statement by Cotton Mather, 
probably based on a hasty letter from William Vaughan, which letter was written 
on a story brought into Portsmouth by a frightened fugitive. The letter had no 
confirmation. Not a family on the ground has a tradition of the loss of an ancestor 
at that time. No local, probate, or other record siiows the disappearance of citi- 
zens. The extant diaries, military or otherwise, do not allude to it. And, most of 
all, Rev. John Pike, in whose own parish this territory lay, and who kept a minute 
diary of weather, events, accidence, deaths, Indian troubles and the like, — and who 
was at that very date only four miles distant, — makes not the slightest allusion to 
any such affair. 

It is hard to give up our pet massacres ; but we give up this one, and place it with 
George Washington's little hatchet and the Wheelwright Deed. A. H. Quint. 

History of Ancient Woodbury, Connecticut, from the first Indian Deed in 1659 to 
1879, including the present towns of Washington, Southbury, Bethlehem, Roxbury , 
and apart of Oxford and Middlebury, containing the genealogical statistics of the 
same, and of ancient Stratford from 1639 to 1728. By William Cothren". Vol. 
III. Woodbury, Conn. : Published by William Cothren. 1879. [6vo. pp. 707.] 
The first volume of this history was published in 1851, and was noticed in the 
April number of the Register of that \'ear. The second volume was published in 
187*2, and noticed in the Register for October of that year. The third volume, 
just from the press, is given up almost wholly to the genealogical statistics of this 
ancient town ■ it contains the births, marriages and deaths of Woodbury from 1679 
to 1879, the baptisms from 1670 to 1313 ; the births, marriages and deaths of Wash- 
ington from 1742 to 1878 ; the births, marriages and deaths of Southbury from 1731 
to 1879 ; the births of Bethlehem from 1841 to 1879, the marriages and deaths from 
1740 to 1878; the births of Roxbury from 1852 to 1879, the marriages and deaths 
from 1744 to 1879; a list of the public officials of the town, members of Congress, 
judges, senators, &c. As the first settlers of Woodbury came principally from 
Stratford, Conn., the author has inserted all the recorded births, marriages and 
deaths on the Stratford records trom its settlement in 1639 to 1728. This latter fea- 
ture adds very mnch to the value of the work from a genealogical point of view. 
Mr. Cothren states that since he issued his two former volumes, " he has been 
overwhelmed by a multitude of letters, iucreasinc; in number with the passing 
years, making inquiries after genealogical information not contained in those vol- 
umes. On account of the pressure of these inquiries upon the compiler having 
become so great, he was in some sense compelled to publish this volume as a 
personal relief from the labor of continual searches of the records to answer the 
questions of correspondents." Now he can reply to his correspondents, " Behold I 
1 have written it all in a book ; purchase and search for yourselves." 

We regard this last volume of the author as a monument of patient industry, and 
the preparation of it must have involved a large amount of time and labor in copy- 
ing so many names and dates, and it must be of great value to those who are en- 
gaged in historical and genealogical researches. As materials for the history of 
Connecticut families these pages are of great value, and whoever has occasion to 
examine them will feel grateful that they have been made accessible in a printed 
form. As the hook is to be used principally as one of reference, we regard it as a 
public misfortune that there could not have been found in this large town a person 
of sufficient leisure to have prepared a good index of names. W. S. Allen. 

The history of Warner, N. H., for one hundred and forty-four years , from 1735 
to 1879. By Walter Harrimax. Concord, N. li. : Printed by the Republican 
Press. 1879. [8vo. pp. 581.J 

The town of Warner is in Merrimack county, some fifteen miles northwest of Con- 
cord. It was settled by emigrants from Ameobury, Mass., and was called New 
Amesbury. Its present name probably was taken in honor of Col. Seth Warner, of 
Bennington, Vt. 



114 Booh Notices . [Jan. 

The volume contains 581 pages, divided into 36 chapters, and is adorned "with 
twenty-six illustrations — the frontispiece bearing an excellent steel plate of the 
compiler, the others being mainly heliotypes. 

In the preface the author says : '* I have made this work not a genealogical register, 
but a history of the town.''' With much painstaking he has gathered up the records 
and the traditions and preserved them in this goodly sized volume as a labor of love, 
and at his own cost. The narrative is easy, plain and concise. The subject demand- 
ed no effort at rhetoric, for the town is purely agricultural, the soil granitic, the in- 
habitants plain farmers. No great event has ever occurred within the town, but it 
has raised men, and, although the compiler has aimed mainly at preserving the 
annals, he has also made it a history of individuals — one of much value to the fu- 
ture genealogist. 

The concluding chapter is upon the *' boundaries of New Hampshire'* — an address 
delivered at Canterbury, N. II., May 3, 1878. It has a legitimate place in the vol- 
ume, from the fact that the proprietors of the town, in common with other towns 
west of the Merrimack river, were greatly perplexed by the question of boundary, and 
dominion between New Hampshire, New York, and the Masonian proprietors. 

The volume only lacks an index to make it complete. The thanks of the commu- 
nity are due to Governor Harriman for thus rescuing at his own cost the records of 
the town from oblivion. C. C. Coffin. 

History of Seymour, Connecticut, with Biographies and Genealogies. By W. C. 

Sharpe. Record Print : Seymour, Conn. 1879. [8vo. pp. 244, with portraits 

and illustrations. Price £2.25; by mail, $2.38.] 

The town of Seymour dates its incorporation from the year 1850, having formerly 
been a part of the old township of Derby, which had previously been reduced from 
its original limits by the setting off of "the town of Oxford in 1741. In 1878 Mr. 
Sharpe, the editor of the Seymour Record, issued a volume of 148 pages, entitled 
" Seyuuur and Vicinity ;" and he had previously, in lo74, published a little work 
en the *' Sharpe Family of England and America, from 1580 to 1870" — showing 
himself by these works to have been greatly interested in matters pertaining to local 
history and genealogy. The present volume contains all the contents of the first- 
mentioned work, with the addition of much genealogical and biographical informa- 
tion. The matter is somewhat miscellaneous and disconnected in arrangement, ex- 
plained in part from the fact that the articles first appeared in the columns of Mr. 
Sharpens paper, some of which appear here in the double-column form in which 
they were originally printed, although the most of them have been re-set. This 
somewhat unmethodical arrangement of the subjects treated, and the presence of 
matters which should have properly found a place in a Directory, give the impres- 
sion 1 hat the title of the volume would have been better as Collections towards a 
histo.-y of the town, rather than the history itself. Still the work is a most credita- 
ble one, as the incidents of early and later history, the part taken by its citizens in 
the Revolution and the civil war, accounts of its manufacturing and other industries, 
and biographical sketches of prominent personages, are all faithfully given. The 
genealogical portion comprises fifty-two pages, and there is an exhaustive and tho- 
roughly prepared index of twelve pages. s. l. b. 

The Voice as a Musical Instrument; with Medical Hints as to its Proper Training 
and Culture. By Charles H. Stanley Davis, M.D. Boston: Published by 
Oliver Ditson & Co. [1879. 12mo. pp. 41.] 

This pamphlet treats of a subject in which a large portion of the community feel 
an intere&t. The author states in his preface that it is " the result of a somewhat 
extensive experience with the laryngoscope and the treatment of diseases of the 
throat, and more especially the hygienic, dietetic and medical management of the 
singing voice." Much information found here will be useful to singers and to those 
who have the training of the voices of the young. J. w. d. 

Memorial Services of Commemoration Day, held in Canton, May 30, 1879, under the 

Auspices of the Revere Encampment, Post 91, Grand Army of the Republic. 

Boston : William Cense, Printer, 35 Congress Street. 1879. [8vo. pp. 22.] 

The address at the services to which this pamphlet is devoted, was by Samuel B. 

Noyes. Esq., of Canton. It is printed here in full, and ably reviews the services of 

the soldiers of Canton in the late civil war, and the patriotic services of American 

citizens of all nationalities. j. w. d. 



1880.] Booh Notices* 115 

The JEneid of Virgil, translated into English. By John D. Long. Boston : Lock- 
wood, Brooks & Company. 1679. [12mo. pp. 431.] 

Although Gov. Long describes his translation of Virgil's JEneid as " a busy man's 
work and not a scholar's," yet it seems to us to possess sucli striking merits as to 
entitle it to a high rank among the best versions' of the great Latin Epic, 

We imagine that it was the author's intention to furnish a translation for the use 
of the general reader rather than of the student. A requisite of a translation having 
such an object in view is, that it should he made interesting to those not familiar 
with the original. This is one great merit of Pope's translation of the Iliad, and 
has given it a permanent place in literature in spite of its unfaithfulness to the 
original. Mr. Long seems to us to have been especially successful in this respect, 
and by the freshness and beauty of his style has made the JEneid almost as interest- 
ing, judged as a story only, as Scott's " Marmion." While accomplishing this re- 
sult he has closely followed the original, unlike Dryden, who in his translation of 
the yEneid, perhaps influenced by the requirements of rhyme, so altered and expand- 
ed the original, that, while admiring the genius of the translator, we miss the sim- 
plicity and beauty of Virgil's style, very much as we miss the charm of Chaucer's 
Tales in the same author's paraphrase of them. 

Mr. Long has wisely, we think, chosen for his metre the pentameter, the heroic 
measure of English poetry, as more nearly reproducing the effect of Virgil's hex- 
ameter, than would the English hexameter, which is more rapid and less stately 
in its movement, and therefore less in the heroic style. His verse in the narrative 
portions is generally smooth and flowing, while in the mure elevated passages he 
displays a power of vigorous and pathetic writing which confirms the reputation 
which we understand he has long had among his personal friends for poetic talent. 
We notice an occasional use of obsolete and unusual words which appears to us 
questionable in point of taste, and we doubt whether the lively effect produced by 
the introduction of colloquialisms is not more than offset by the loss of dignity and 
beauty of style. We must not omit to notice the remarkable excellence of the man- 
ner in which the volume is produced, the beauty and appropriateness of the bind- 
ing and clearness of the type rendering it equally pleasing to the eye, and easy of 
perusal. T. B. Peck. 

The Mound Duiklers : being an Account of a Re?narkable People that once inhabited 
the Valleys of the Ohio and Mississippi : together icith an Investigation into the 
Archaeology of Butler County, O. By J. P. McLean, Author of " A Manual of 
the Antiquity of Man," and "Mastodon. Mammoth and Man." Illustrated 
with over One Hundred Figures. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 1879. 
[Cloth. 12mo. pp. 233. With archaeological map. Price $1.50. Sold by A. 
Williams fcCo., Boston, Mass.] 

This is a genuine contribution to the literature of an interesting subject. The 
existence, antiquity, character, works and fate of such a pre-historic race upon 
our continent, furnish a theme to challenge the attention of the antiquarian, scien- 
tist and poet. It startles us to think of a people, numerous, ingenious, powerful, 
cultivating broad fields, building vast works for war or for religion, and waging 
mighty wars, and pnssing to oblivion in a past so remote that the most ancient of 
the Red Men is a child of yesterday in comparison. But even this does not satisfy 
our author. It is quite clear to him that the Mound Builders were succeeded by 
another distinct people whom he names the Villagers, whose cultivated gardens are 
super-imposed upon the long abandoned earthworks of the earlier race; and who, 
in their turn, vauished. 01 the conclusiveness of the author's reasoning upon this 
and other que-tions, we are not prepared to speak. It is frankly conceded that one 
who has mastered a subject by thorough study can see the real force of arguments 
"which are Greek to a novice. But in this work, '* it is clear," and kindred phrases, 
remind us of the experiences of a certain college class under the instruction of our 
learned mathematical professor. Whenever a particularly emphatic " now you 
see " flashed from his voice and eyes, his pupils were very sure of some point which 
most of them did not expect to see at ail. The tone in which our author affirms that 
"the recent origin of man has been sufficiently exploded," smacks of dogmatism 
and scarcely inspires confidence. But as a volume recording careful observations 
and faithful descriptions, this work must have real value. 

Two thirds of the volume are devoted to a general accouut of the Mound Builders, 
describing their enclosures, defensive and sacred mounds, works of art, mining ope- 
rations, civilization, antiquity and fate. On the latter point the author inclines to 



116 Book Notices. [Jan. 

the theory of a migration southward, and a connection with the ancient Mexicans. 
The latter part of the book describes more minutely the archaeology of Butler Coun- 
ly, Ohio, in which the works of these Builders abound. The illustrations are nu- 
merous, and serve their purpose well. H. A. Hazen. 

Report of the Commissioner of Education for the Year 1877. Washington: Gov- 
ernment Printing Oiiiee. 1S79. [8vo. pp. 644.] 

The above report for 1S77, although late in being printed and distributed, is wel- 
come to the friends of public education throughout the country. It contains the 
summaries of educational statistics in the different states, considers the schools fur 
the colored race, the statistics of colleges and secondary schools, the degrees confer- 
red, the libraries of the country, and the charitable and reformatory institutions. 
We commend what the commissioner has to say about the value of school and college 
catalogues, their great historical value and the desirability of every institution 
which issues one, as well as a few of the large public libraries, keeping a complete 
file of the same. The commissioner thinks there is no excuse for the continued pub- 
lishing of what are termed " triennial " catalogues in the Latin language. Gen. 
Eaton shows by his report what is being done for the education of the people, and 
how much land still remains to be possessed in this direction. The volume has a 
good index. w. s. a. 

The Place of the Practical Man in American Public Affairs. By Hamilton An- 
drews Hill. Boston: A. Williams & Co., Washington Street. 1879. [8vo. 
pp. 20.] 

This is a paper read before the American Social Science Association, at its annual 
meeting in Saratoga Springs, Sept. 11, 1879. Mr. Hill shows that the country 
would be benefited by a larger representation of business men of high character, 
and properly trained in the legislative and executive departments of government. 
" At the present time," he writes, " the president of the United States, the vice- 
president, every member of the cabinet, with one exception, and nearly all the high 
officials in the government, are lawyers. In Congress five-sevenths of the senators 
and three-fourths of the representatives are members of the same profession ; while 
one might count the business men on the fingers of one's two hands." It was dif- 
ferent during the revolution and in the early days of the republic. 

The subject is ably handled, and the paper is very suggestive. j. w. d. 

The Building and Voyage of the Griffon in 1879. By 0. H. Marshall 

[Buffalo, N. Y. :] Bigelow Brothers, Publishers. [1879. 8vo. pp. 36.] 
In August last two centuries were completed since the Griffon, a small vessel, pro- 
jected and built by the adventurous Chevalier de la Salle, sailed from Niagara on a 
voyaj e of discovery on the upper lakes : This paper, which is devoted to a history 
of the Griffon till her loss in Lake Michigan on her return voyage, was read nearly 
seventeen years ago, Feb. 3, 1863, before' the Buffalo Historical Society. It has been 
revised and enlarged, and was printed in the Publications of that society in August, 
1879. the bi-centenary of the event. From that serial the present pamphlet is re- 
printed. 

Mr. Marshall has long been known as a student of the history of French discove- 
ry in the west, as is shown by a paper in the New York Historical Society's Collec- 
tions, over thirty years ago. The present tract bears evidence of his usual research. 

j. w. D. 

Sketch of the Early History of Banking in Vermont. [Boston: 1879. Paper, 8vo. 
pp.28.] 

The author of this pamphlet is George P. Reed, of Boston, whose life of the Hon. 
John Read was noticed in the Register for April, 1879 (ante, xxxiii. 202). This 
sketch was written several years ago, and was* read before the Vermont Historical 
Society. It relates more particularly to the Vermont State Bank, the first banking 
institution in that state, and the only one to the year 1818, when private banks were 
chartered. It was established by an act of the legislature in 180(5, and went into 
operation the same year. It coru-isted of two branches one at Woodstock and the 
other at Middlebury. It began in February, 1806, to issue bills which were of va- 
rious denominations from fifty cents to three dollar.-. Its active existence was only 
about a dozen years, chough its affairs were not all settled till 1845. This mono- 
graph is a useful addition to the financial history of New England. jr. w. d. 



1880.] 



Book Notices. 117 



The Huguenots in the Nipmuck Country, or Oxford [Mass.], prior to 1713. By 
George F. Daniels. With an Introduction by Oliver Wendell Holmes. 
[Motto.] Boston: Estes & Lauriat. 1880. f Cloth, 12mo. pp. 168. Price $1.25.] 

This work of Mr. Daniels is one of the finest historical studies which has appear- 
ed fur some time. It is upon a subject full of interest. It is the story of 
a brave few who came to our shores and went buck into the wilderness to 
endure the hardships of frontier life, privation and the assaults of the savage. 
This company of Huguenots arrived in Boston in 1686, and settled on land 
granted by President Dudley and others in the present towns of Oxford and Charl- 
ton. These settlers were earnest, brave and pious. Their labors in the wilderness 
testify of their industry. But many things were against them. The Indians chiefly 
were at work making inroads upon the new made settlements, and coming upon 
New Oxford murdered some of the people, who after enduring much returned to 
Boston, where they could be more secure. There were some thirty families in all ; and 
among them those to be remembered by Boston especially are the descendants of the 
Beaudoin [Bi>wdoin] and Faneuil families, and by the readers of English literature, 
Mrs. Sigourney [Sigourne]. Rev. Dr. Abel Holmes, in 1830, prepared a monograph 
which was published in the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, enti- 
tled " Memoir of French Protestants Settled at Oxford [Mass.], 1680." The his- 
tory of this settlement has been sought into by others, only briefly however, and 
Mr. Daniels, with an evident love for the undertaking, has prepared this work. It 
was fitting that Oliver Wendell Holmes, son of the Rev. Dr. Holmes, should 
write the introduction. This book is written in a fine style, graphic and 
every way fascinating. It displays care and painstaking on every page. It has an 
excellent index. A. Titus, Jr. 

The Dover (N. H.) Physicians. Read before the New Hampshire Medical Society, 
June 17, 1879. By John Randolph Ham, M.D., of Dover. Concord: Printed by 
Evans, Sleeper & Evans. 1870. [Paper, 8vo. pp. 2:2. J 

Dr. Ham has performed a serviceable labor in compiling the biographies of these 
Eeventy-five Dover phyncians, ranging from the ye:ir 1631 to the present time. The 
author is a zealous and painstaking -antiquary, and must have bestowed much labor 
in collecting the materials used in the sketches. Of few of these physicians had 
biographies been printed, and the facts in the lives of most of them were scattered 
and difficult to obtain. j. w. d. 

Bibliotheca Americana. 1878. Catalogue of a Valuable Collection of Books and 
Pamphlets relating to America. With a Descriptive List of Robert Clarke Sf Co.'s 
Historical Publications. For sale by Robert Clarke & Co. Cincinnati. 1878. 
[8vo. pp. 26-2-u64. Price 50 cts.] 
Bibliotheca Americana. Catalogue of a Valuable Collection of Jooks and Pamphlets 
relating to America. Supplement for 1879. For sale by Robert Clarke & Co., 65 
"West Fourth Street, Cincinnati. 1879. [S\o. pp. 92.] 

The " Bibliotheca Americaua " of Messrs. Robert Clarke & Co., for 1878, con- 
tains nearly seven thousand titles relating to America, and is a valuable aid to libra- 
rians and private collectors of ' k Americana." The Supplement contains recent 
additions and new, books, also books reduced in price, winch Messrs. Clarke & Co. 
can supply. It is sent gratis to the old patrons of the firm. j. w. d. 

Presentation of the Statue of Washington to the City of Newburyport. [Newbury- 

port:] Printed by order of the City Council. 1879. [Paper, 8vo. pp. 75. For 

sale by A. Williams & Co., Boston. Price 25 cts.] 

The name of Washington should never grow old. Mr. Daniel In^alls Tenny, 
loving the place of his birth and his country, and possessing an abundance of this 
world's goods, was pleased to present to the city of Newburyport, a superb statue 
of Washington. It is an honor to the place. It reflects credit to the artist, Mr. 
J. Q. A. Ward, and places Mr. Tenney among the public benefactors. 

This pamphlet gives an account of the unveifing of the statue on the 22d of Febru- 
ary, 1&78. The ciiief address on this occasion was by the Rt. Rev. Thomas M. Clark, 
D.D., bishop of Rhode Island, whose address was full of enthusiasm and heartiness. 
the work has a view of the statue, a portrait of Mr. Tenney, of .New York city, the 
donor of the statue, and other illustrations. It will be prized by the citizens and 
natives of Newburyport. a. t. jr. 

VOL. XXXIV. II 



118 , Booh Notices. [Jan. 

King's Pocket Book of Cincinnati. Edited and published by Moses King, Harvard 

College, Mass. [1879. Cloth, 18mo. pp. 88.] 

We have here, alphabetically arranged, a variety of interesting facts relative to 
Cincinnati, past and present. The dictionary form has advantages over other forms 
for a handbook about our cities ; as we can refer at once to the subjects about which 
we wish to obtain information without being subjected to the delay of consulting 
an index. Mr. King has had experience in preparing such works. His "Hand- 
Book of Boston " was noticed in the Register for April last (ante, xxxiii. 205). 

J. W. D. 

Barnes's One-Term History. A Brief History of the United States for Schools. 

[Motto.] A. S. Barnes & Co., New York, Chicago and New Orleans. [1879. 

12mo. pp. 298-f-xlvi. Sold by Nichols & Hall, Boston.] 

This work, which was first issued in 1871, has recently been thoroughly revised 
and brought down to the present time. It has been extensively introduced as a 
text-book into our public schools, and seems well adapted for the purpose. It is 
written in a clear and simple style. Maps and pictures are used to impress the 
events on the scholar's memory and make the subject attractive to him. It has an 
excellent index, a rare merit in school books. j. w. d. 

Biographical Encyclopaedia of Massachusetts of the Nineteenth Century. [Memoir 
of the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D.] New York : Metropolitan Publishing 
and Engraving Company. 1879. [Royal 4to. pp. 13.] 

Memoir of Marshall P. Wilder. By John H. Sheppard, A.M Boston : David 

Clapp & Soii, Printers. 1667. [8vo. pp. 54.] 
Sketch of the Life and Services of Marshall P. Wilder. Boston : Alfred Mudge & 

Son, Printers. 1871. [Royal 8vo. pp. 27.] 
Address delivered at the Semi-Centennial Anniversary of the Massachusetts Horticul- 
tural Society, Sept. 12, 1879. By Marshall P. Wilder, Ex-President of the So- 
ciety. Boston: Franklin Press : Rand, Avery & Co. 1879. [8vo. pp. 27.] 
Address at the Seventeenth Session of the American Pomological Society, held in 
Rochester, N. Y., Sept. 17, 18, 19, 1879. By Marshall P. Wilder, President of 
the Society. Published by the Society. 1879. [8vo. pp. 23. Printed by Toiman 
& White, Boston.] 

In a life of more than four-score years, Col. Wilder has been active in organizing 
and furthering enterprises for the beuelit of his fellow men. Few men can look 
back upon so fair a record. 

The three memoirs whose titles are given at the head of this notice are all that 
have appeared separately, though we have before us a ist of a score and upwards of 
biographies printed in books and periodicals. The pamphlet whose title heads the 
list is reprinted from the " Biographical Encyclopiedia of Massachusetts," an eli 
gant quarto just issued. The second pamphlet, by the late Mr. Sheppard, was re- 
printed from the Register for 16G7, and the third was written for " Boston Past 
and Present," by Arthur Oilman, A.M., of Cambridge. 

During the last few years Col. Wilder's mind has been unusually active, and 
though early last year he met with a severe accident (ante, xxxiii„357), we are hap- 
py to state that he has nearly recovered from it. His intellectual powers do not 
eeem to have been affected by it, as the two addresses, whose titles we give, amply 
prove. His address before the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, deliv- 
ered at the last annual meeting, and printed in the Register for April, 1879, has 
been pronounced by good judges the best that he has delivered to this society. We 
hope his long and useful life will be prolonged many years. J. w. d. 

St. Aspcnquid of Mt. Agamenticus. An Indian Idyl. By JonN Albee. Ports- 
mouth : Published by Lewis W. Brewster, 1879. [Paper, 12mo. pp. 24.] 
Mr. Albee is well known as a writer of graceful prose and verse. Living where 
e noble river of Paseataqua falls into the ocean, a region not only picturesque and 
abounding with historic incident, but fertile in tales or the olden times and Indian 
legend, he has become thoroughly imbued with the spirit of antiquity and poetry 
that broods over the place. Not many months since he wrote an exquisite sonnet 
on " Champemowne's Grave," on Cutts Island, gracefully blending the present 
with hoary age. 
St. Aspeuquid [See Farmer & Moore's Hist. Coll., iii. Ap. p. 85; Preble Genealo- 



1880.] Booh Notices. 119 

gy, p. 12]- and Accominticus— as 1 prefer to write it out of deference to Capt. John 
Smith, who first put this Indian name into English spelling — are inseparable. The 
story of St. Aspenqnid — the only saint in the Indian Calendar — ia neatly and 
prettily told, and will find man}' sympathetic readers. A new and fresh interest 
in that whole region starts up on reading this fine poem. C. W. Tuttle. 

A Historical Memoir of Bilkrica in Massachusetts , containing Notices of the Princi- 
pal Events in the Cir.il and Ecclesiastical Affairs of the Town, from its First Set tie- 
ment to 1816. By Jon.v Farmer. Published by Request. Amherst, N. 11. : Print- 
ed by R. Boylston, 1816. [8vo. pp. 36. Reprinted for G. M. Elliott, Lowell, 
1879. Price$ I.] 

This is one of the earliest publications of John Farmer, the well known New Eng- 
land antiquary, of whom a memoir and portrait will be found in our first volume. 
The book has long been one of the rarest of our local histories, and has command- 
ed a very high price when offered for sale. We believe that it has brought from 
ten to fifteen dollars. Mr. Elliott has reprinted a small edition of the work, and 
has produced a perfect fac-simile of the original, even to the blue-paper covers 
and the stitching. Many collectors will be glad to add this to their rarities. 

J. W. D. 

Antiquarian Papers. Ipswich, Mass. 1879. [Sm. 4to. No. 1. October : No. 

II. November ; each pp. 4. Published by the Rev. Augustus Caldwell, P. 0. 

Box 159. Ipswich, Mass.] 
Historical Sketch read at the Sixtieth Anniversary of the First Parish Sabbath School , 

Ipswich, Mass., Sunday, June 30, 1878. By Mrs. Eunice C. Cowles. [8vo. 

pp. 12.] 

Under the title of " Antiquarian Papers " the Rev. Mr. Caldwell has commenced 
a small monthly periodical devoted to antiquarian matters relative to Ipswich, which 
he has distributed gratis. He writes us : ** It is not intended for circulation out of Ip- 
swich. I thought if the people there could have their attention called to their early 
history, it might quicken an interest, and be a stepping stone to something better 
and more substantial." Ipswich is one of our oldest towns, and many in all parts 
of the union trace their ancestry to it. We hope the work will have many subscri- 
bers besides those in Ipswich. In future there will be a charge often cents a year. 

Mrs. Cowles's historical sketch of the First Parish Sabbath School in that town 
is an important addition to the history of Sabbath schools in this country, as well 
as to the aumils of the town. Few Sunday schools, we think, can show a continu- 
ous existence of sixty years. j. w. n. 

Wide Awake: an Illustrated Magazine for Young People. Ella Farm an. Editor. 

D. Lothrop 5b Co., Publishers, Boston. [Sm. 4to. Published Monthly. Pp.62, 

each number. Price $2 a year.] 

The December number of this really " wide-awake " magazine has been publish- 
ed, completing a volume. It is filled with interesting matter for young people. 

We are indebted to the publishers for the use of the steel-plate of the portrait of 
Amos Lawrence, Esq., used in this number. j. w. D. 

Cincinnati's Beginnings. Misting Chapters of the Early History of the City and the 
Miami Purchase ; Chief y from hitherto Unpublished Docuinents. By Francis 
W.Miller. Cincinnati: Peter G. Thompson, Publisher. 1880. [Cloth, 12mo. 
pp.235. Price $1.75.J 

Everything concerning the begining of so important a city as Cincinnati is valua- 
ble; and this volume, which relates tne incidents in the early history of that place 
in the words of the actors in those events, is gladly welcomed. Much has been writ- 
ten and printed relative to the North West Territory and its settlement; and' the 
interest in the subject seems to increase rather than lessen. The "Ordinance of 
1787," passed for its government, and the part which this ordinance played in the 
struggle between freedom and slavery, has made the main features of its history fa- 
miliar to the nation. Every new fact in its annals is appreciated. 

The principal source of information in this volume seems to have been the letters 
of the Hon. John Cleves Syinmes, the father-in-law of President Harrison, from 
whieh large and interesting extracts are made. Judge Syinmes was the founder of 
the settlements in the Miami country, which included what is now Cincinnati, and 
the statements in these ietters are of the highest authority, J. w. v. 



120 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

Dear Christmas Days. A Song for the Season. "Written and Composed by E. R. 

HuMPORErs, LL.D., Principal of the Collegiate School, Boston; and Dedicated 

to the Grand Lodge of Freemasons of Mass. Boston : G. D. Russell & Company, 

126 Tremont, opp. Park Street. [1879. Sheet music, pp. 5.] 

Dr. Humphreys has an established reputation as a writer, having published much 

in England and since he came to this country. His works are marked by vigor 

of thought and classical and elegant diction. This Christmas song will be prized 

by lovers of poetry and music. J. w. d. 

A History of the Starr Family of New England, from the Ancestor, Dr. Comfort 
Starr, of Ashford, county of Kent, England, who emigrated to Boston, Mass.. in 
1635 ; containing the Names o/6766 of his Descendants, and the Record and His- 
tory of 1974 Families. By Burcis Pratt Starr. [Motto.] Hartford, Conn. : 
The Case, Lockwood &■ Brainard Co. Print. 1879. [Cloth, 6vo. pp. 577.] 

Genealogy of that Branch of the Russell Family which comprises the Descendants of 
John Russell, of WoOum, Massachusetts. 1610—1878. By John Russell Bart- 
lett. Providence : Privately Printed. 1879. [Cloth. Royal Svo. pp. 212.] 

Record of the Descendants of William Sumner, of Dorchester, Mass., 1636. By 
William Sumner Applcton. Boston : David Clapp & Son, Printers. 1879. [Cloth. 
Royal 8vo. pp. 204. Price £2. Sold by William Parsons Lunt, 42 Congress St.] 

Genealogy of the Caverly Family from the Year 11 16 to the Year 1880, made Profi'a- 
ble and Exemplified by Many a Lesson of Life. Lowell, Mass. : George M. Elliott, 
Publisher, 18b0. [Large 12mo. pp. 116, Cloth. Price $3.] 

Major Timothy Hatch, of Hartford, Ct., and his Descendants. By Edward Hatch 
Fletcher, of New York City. Printed for the Author by Thaddeus B. Mead. 
New York: 1879. [Cloth, l2mo. pp. 36. Price $1.50. To be had of the au- 
thor, 481 West 51st Street, New York city.] 

Genealogy of the Family of Solomon Drowne, M.D., of Rhode Island, with Notices 
of his Ancestors. 1646—187!). By Henry T. Drowne. Providence : Providence 
Press Company, Printers. 1879. [Paper, 8vo. pp. 16.] 

A Partial Genealogy of the Descendants of Scmuel Parsons, of East Hampton, L. I. 
1630. Constructed Mainly from Town and Church Records. By George R. 
Howell, of Albany, N. Y. (formerly of Southampton, L. I.) Albany: 1879. 
[8vo. pp. 20.] 

John Waldron of Dover, N. H.. and his Descendants. [Dover, 1879. 8vo. op. 10. 
Price 50 cts. Address Rev. A. H. Quint, Dover, N. H.] 

The Vernon Family and Arms. By Harrison Ellery, of Boston, Mass. 

[Boston, 1879. 8vo. pp. 8. J 

Paine Family Records. Edited by H. D. Paine. M.D Joel Munseil. Printer, 

Albany. N. Y. [No. IIL May, 1879. No. IV. August, 1679. No. V. Novem- 
ber, 1879. [Svo. each 21 pp. Price $1 a year or 30 cts. a number. Address the 
editor, 26 West 30th Street, New York City.] 

The Wtare Family of Hampton. New Hampshire, and North Yarmouth, Maine. 
By William M.Sargent. "Old Times" Office, Yarmouth, Me. 1879. [Pa- 
per, 8vo. pp. 8.] 

Report, Full, Authentic and Complete, of all the Addresses and Proceedings of the 
Memorable First Reunion of the Dodge Family in America, by the Representatives 
of the Amrric :n Branch at Sal°m, Massachusetts, on Tuesday, July 10M, 1879, 
being the. 250/A Anniversary of the Arrival of their Ancestors from England, and 
the Founding of Salem. By Robert Dodge, of New York City. For the Benefit 
of the Genealogical Fund. New York : E. S. Dodge Printing Co. 1879. [Pa- 
per, Royal 8vo. pp. 53.] 

Dodge Memorial. Historical Address. By Robert Dodge. [New York : 1879. 
Paper, 8vo. pp. 30.] 

Proceedings at the Dedication of a Monument to Sergeant Abraham Slaotes, of M°n- 
don, Massachusetts, October 31, 1877. Providence: Sidney S. Rider. 1850. 
[8vo. pp. 55.] 

We continue our notices of genealogical works recently published. 
The Starr genealogy seems to be carefully compiled, and is very thorough in its 
•details. The author informs his readers that •" laid aside from active business 



1880.] Booh Notices. 121 

and from all the caves and excitements of a too busy life, actuated by honest pride of 
ancestral name, and deep interest " in his family history, he began, in his 4i some- 
what wearisome retirement, the agreeable task of collecting these Starr records." 
Mr. Starr could not have used his leisure to better advantage than in collecting the 
materials for this volume and in compiling it. It was not his original intention to 

frint his collections, but to deposit them in the Connecticut Historical Society at 
lartfoid. He solicits corrections and additions, which will finally be placed in the 
library of that institution. The work is embellished with a view of the old Starr 
house at Guilford, Ct., 169-1, and by several portraits. It has good indexes. 

The Russell genealogy is by that veteran author and editor, the Hon. John It. 
Bartlett, of Providence, R. I. Labor, judgment and taste are every where shown 
in- the volume before us. Full biographies of the prominent individuals in this fam- 
ily are given, and the volume is illustrated with fine views and portraits. It is tho- 
roughly indexed. The author acknowledges hia indebtedness for assistance to 
Messrs. Albert R. Cooke, Edward Braman and Henry T. Drowne. 

The Sumner genealogy is a very full record of this family. A partial genealogy, 
by William B. Trask, was printed in the Register a quarter of a century ago {ante, 
viii. 123 d ; ix. 303). Mr. Appletou deserves much credit for the perseverance with 
which he has pursued his labors to make the work complete in its details. It is 
well printed, illustrated by portraits, and has an index of the heads of families. 

In the book on the Caveriy family, the genealogy proper is preceded by an oration 
delivered at Concord, N. H., to the " Congregated kindred " of Caverlys, by Ro- 
bert Boodey Caveriy, Esq., of the Massachusetts Bar. Mr. Caveriy is a resident of 
Lowell, and the author of " Epics, Lyrics and Ballads ;" " Dustonand the Indian 
Wars of New England," and several other works. The genealogy itself is chiefly 
the work of the late Dr. Abiel M. Caveriy, of Pittsford, Vt., who spent many years 
in collecting and arranging it fur the press. Since his death in July ladt, his materi- 
als have been placed in the hands of the author of the above named oration, who has 
completed the work and has overseen the printing. The book is got up in a hand- 
some manner, and is illustrated by a portrait of R. B. Caveriy and other engravings. 

The Hatch genealogy is devoted to the descendants of Maj. Timothy Hatch, a 
revolutionary soldier. He was a son of Capt. Zephaniah Hatch, of Guilford, Ct., 
who was probably descended from the Hatch family of Falmouth, Mass., the early 
generations of which are printed in the Register {ante, xiv. 197), but his connec- 
tion with it has not been traced. The book is well compiled, is handsomely printed 
and has good indexes. 

The Drowne genealogy is a reprint of the chapter on this family contributed by 
Mr. Drowne to the Russell genealogy above noticed. It is carefully prepared, anci 
illustrated by portraits of Dr. Solomon Drowne, the head of this branch, and of the 
j author. 

The Parson* genealogy is a partial record of the Long Island family. The com- 
piler is the ai jhor of a History of Southampton. Ilis present work is well arrang- 
ed and handsomely printed. 

The Weare genealogy is reprinted from the January number of Corliss's Old 
Times, which valuable magazine has been twice noticed in the Register (ante, xxxii. 
341 ; xxxiii. 125). Mr. Sargent corrects some errors in previous writers, and has 
much new matter. 

The Waldron genealogy first appeared in the " Historical Memoranda " columns 
of the Dover Enquirer, last summer. The author, the Rev. Alonzo H. Quint, D.D., 
of Dover, N. H., is one of our best genealogists, and is particularly well versed in 
matters relating to Dover. Only a small edition of this pamphlet was printed. 

The Vernon gcnealo.y is reprinted from the Register for July last. Our readers 
are familiar with its merits. 

The " Paine Family Record " is a quarterly periodical devoted to the genealogy 
of the various families of Paine in this country. It contains much material which 
"will be useful in compiling the genealogical work which Dr. Paine has in contem- 
tplation. We have already noticed the magazine twice {ante, xxxiii. 129,207) in 
■the Register. 

I The next pamphlet, as its title shows, contains a full report of the proceedings at 

,the Dodge family gathering at Salem, last summer. At this meeting a committee 

consistini!: of Reuben R. Dodge of Wilkinsonville, Mass., Christopher G. Dodge 

jof Providence, R. I., Major Ben: Perley Poore of West Newbury, and the Rev. ifr. 

Ebenezer Dodge of Hamilton, N. Y., was chosen to prepare and publish a genealogy 

)f the family. The chairman of the committee, Mr. Dodge of Wilkinsonville, Mass., 

*as for years been collecting materials for such a work. We hope all interested 

frill assist the committee in their praiseworthy and laborious work. 

VOL. XXXIV. 11* 



122 Recent Publications, [Jan, 

The next pamphlet contains the historical address at the above meeting, reprint- 
ed from the preceding work. This address, which was delivered by Robert Dodge, 
of New York city, is an able performance. 

The last pamphlet contains the proceedings at the dedication of a monument 
erected to the memory of Sergeant Abraham Staples, one of the first settlers of the 
town of Mendon. The historical address is by the Kev. Carlton A. Staples, of 
Providence, and contains, besides an account of Sergeant Staples, much interesting 
matter concerning his ancestry and descendants. j. w. d. 

History of Middlesex County. Massachusetts, containing Carefully Prepared Histo- 
ries of every City and 'ioivn in the County, by well-known Writers; and a Gene- 
ral History of the County, from the Earliest to the Present Time. By Samuel 
Adams Drake, Author oi " Old Landmarks of Boston," " Nooks and Corners of 
the New England Coast," etc. Vol.1. Illustrated. Boston: Estes and Lauriat, 
Publishers. 301 Washington Street. 1880. [Cloth, 4to. pp. 505.] Subscription 
Price £7.50 a volume in bevelled cloth, or $10.00 a volume in half morocco, mar- 
bled edges.] 

In April, 1878 (ante, xxxii. 241), we announced this work as in preparation. We 
have the pleasure of informing our readers that the first volume of the work is now 
ready for delivery to subscribers. 

The history of the county itself, which has never before been written, is very full, 
filling one hundred and seventy-nine quarto pages, more than a third of the 
volume. It is from the pen of Mr. Drake himself. The rest of the volume 
contaius histories of the several towns, alphabetically arranged, from Acton to 
Hudson. A second volume will complete the work, and contain the remaining 
towns in the county. These town histories are by writers selected for their know- 
ledge of the history of the several localities, and have been revised by the editor. 
Of many of these towns no history has before been printed. 

The work will sustain the reputation of the author of " Nooks and Corners." 
and that is saying a ^reat deal. The volume reaches us as we are closing our book 
notices, and we have not time to review it properly. We shall express our opinion 
more fully in the next number. j. w. d. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Presented to the Xeio England Historic, Genealogical Society, to Dec. 1, 1879. 

Historical Sketch of the Salem Lyceum, with a list of the officers and lecturers since its 
formation in 1830, and an extract from the Address of Gen. Henry K. Oiiver, delivered at 
the opening of tha Fiftieth Annual Course of Lectures, Nov. 13, 1878. Salem : Press of 
the Salem Gazette. 1879. L 8vo - PP- ?i.] 

Lives of the Eminent Dead and Biographical notices of prominent living citizens of Mont- 
gomery County. Penn., by M. Auge. Published by the author. ISorristown, Pa. 1779. 
[8vo. pp. 5G8.] 

Catalogue of the Psi Upsilon Fratcrnitv. Published under the supervision of the execu- 
tive council. In the 46th year of the Fraternity. March, 1S79. [Svo. pp. 468.] 

First Blows of tbe Civil War. The ten years of preliminary conflict in the United States 
from 18i0 to 1860. A contemporaneous exposition, progress of the stru.ir.'.rle shown by pub- 
lic records and private correspondence, with letters, now first published from the following 
persons * * * * By James S. Pike, former U. S. Minister to the Nethcrbinds. 
New York : The American News Company, 39 and 41 Chambers Street. [Svo. pp. 526.] 

Sentry or Beacon Hill ; the Beacon and the Monument of 1635 and 17S0. By "Wil- 
liam W. Wheildon. Illustrated with plans and heliotype plates. Concord, Mass.: Au- 
thor's Private Printing Office. 1S77. [8vo. pp. 116.] 

A Sketch of the Life and Cbaracter of Lucius Boltwood, who died at Amherst, Mass. 
July 10, 1872. [From the Genealogy and History of the Noble Family.] Hartford, Conn. : 
Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co. 1878. [Svo. pp. 11.] 

The North Shore of Massachusetts Bay; a guide and history of Marblehead, Salem 
Neck and Juniper Point, Beverly and Cnpe Ann. By Benjamin D. Hill and Winfield S. 
Nevins. Salem, Mass.: Printed at the Salem Press. 1879. [18 mo.] 

Historical Sketch of Salem, 1636-1879. By Charles S. Osgood and H. M. Batchelder. 
Salem : Essex Institute. 1879. [Svo. pp. 280.] 

As to Kearsar,2;e Mountain and the Corvette named for it. Concord, N. H. : Printed by 
_the Republican Press Association. 1879. [12mo. pp. 50.] 



• 



1880.] Recent Publications. 123 

Report of the Boston Younc: Men's Christian Union. Instituted 1851. Incorporated 
1852. For the year ending April 9, 1S79. Boston : IS Boylston Street. [8vo. pp. 75.] 

Rental Book of the Cistercian Abbey of Cupar-Angus : with the breviary of the Regis- 
ter. Edited bv the Rev. Charles Rogers. Vol. I. London: Printed for the Grampian 
Club. 1879. [Svo. pp. 372.] 

Proceedings of the Genera! Theological Library, for the year ending April 21, 1879, with 
ft list of the officers, founders, patrons, members, &c. Boston: 12 West Street. Printed 
for the Society. 1879. [Svo. pp. 60.] 

Fifth Annual Report of the American College and Education Society. [Sixty-third of 
American Education Society.] [Thirty-sixth of College Society.] Presented at the Annu- 
al Meeting held in the city of Boston. May 27, 1S79. Boston: Beacon Press. Thomas 
Todd, Printer, corner Beacon and Somerset Sts. [Svo. pp. 59.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of the Mo«t Free and Accepted Masons of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts. . . . Special Communications, April 1 and 25, and June 
11,1879. . . . Boston : Press of Rockwell & Churchill, 39 Arch Street. 1879. [Svo. 
pp. 52. 

Baccalaureate Discourse to the class of 79. Delivered June 22, 1S79, by Rev. Joseph F. 
Tuttle. D.D. Crawfordsville, Ind. : Review Office, Book and Job Printers. 1879. [Svo. 
pp. 16.] 

Harvard College. Class of 1857. Secretary's Report, No. 6, 1S79. Boston: Alfred 
Mudge & Son, Printers, 34 School Street. 1879. [Svo. pp. 05.] 

First Annual Report of the Librarian of the Providence Public Library for the year end- 
ing Feb. 3,1879. Providence: E. L. Freeman & Co., Printers to the State. 1S79. [Svo. 
pp. 32.] 

Seventh Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Chicago Public Library, June, 
1879. Chicago Public Library Rooms, 40 Dearborn Street. 1S79. [8vo. pp. 32.] 

The Argentine Republic. "Written in German by Richard Happ, assisted by several fel- 
low writers, for the the Central Argentine Commission on the Centenary Exhibition at 
Philadelphia. (With several Maps.) Buenos Aires: Printed by the Sociedad Anonima, 
calle de Belgrano 1S9. 1873. [Svo. pp. -163+xcvii.] 

Early Chicago. Reception to the Settlers of Chicago prior to 1840, bv the Calumet Club 
of Chicago, Tuesday evening, May 27, 1S79. [Scab] 'Chicago: The Calumet Club. 1879. 
[Paper, 12mo. pp. 90.] 

Minutes of the Provincial Congress and Council of Safety of the State of Xew Jersey. 
Trenton : Printed by Naar, Day & Naar. 1879. [Cloth, Svo. pp. 618.] 

A Historical Sermon ; designed as a Memorial to the Inhabitants of Wantage, Sussex' 
County, N. J., containing an Account of the first emigrants; their pedigree, danger*, de- 
liverance, habits, religion, means of instruction, and the present state of society among 
their descendants. Preached Jan. 7, l Si 1, in the Second Presbyterian Church, Wantage, 
bv the Rev. Peter Kanouse, A.M., Newton, N. J. Printed at the office of the New Jersey. 

1878. [Paper, 8vo. pp. 22.] 

Report of the Governor of Wyoming Territory made to the Secretary of the Interior for 
the year 878. Washington : Government Printing Office. 1S79. [Paper, Svo. pp. 61.] 

In Memory of Jacob Vanatta, Inte of the Morris County Bar. Died Wednesday, April 
30th, 1879, JEt. fifty-four years, ten months, twenty-six days. [1879. Taper. Svo. pp.41. 
With portrait.] 

Directory and Business Advertiser of the Town of Amherst, combined with a Directory 
of Hadley. 1879. Published by McCloud & Williams, Amherst. [Paper, 12mo. pp. 103.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Chapter of Maine at its fifty-fourth Annual Convention held 
at Portland, May 6, 1879. Vol. VI. Parti. [Seal.] Portland: Stephen Berry, Printer. 

1879. [Paper, Svo. pp. 132.] 

Proceedings of the Bunker Hill Monument Association at the Fifty-Sixth Annual Meet- 
ing, June 17, 1S79. With the Address of Frederic W. Lincoln. Boston : Bunker Hill 
Monument Association. 1879. [Cloth, Svo. pp. 4S.] 

Official Army Register for January, 1879. Published by order of the Secretary of War, 
incompliance with law. Adjutant General's Office, Washington, Jan. 1, 1S79. [Paper, 
12mo. pp. 294.] 

The Chesapeake and Shannon, June 1, 1S13. [Motto.] Bv Geo. Henrv Preble, Rear 
Admiral U.S.N. Reprinted from " The United Service" for'Oef. 1879. For private dis- 
tribution. Printed by J. B. Lippincott & Co. Philadelphia : 1879. [Paper, Svo. pp. 30. 
Twenty-five copies printed.] 

New South Wales Intercolonial and Philadelphia International Exhibition. Mines and 
Mineral Statistics of New South Wales, and notes on the geological collection of the de- 
partment of mines. Compiled by direction of the Hun. John Lucas, M.P., Minister for 
Mines. . . . Sidney: Tuomas Richards, Government Printer. 1875. [Svo. pp, 252.] 

Heilagra Manna Sogur, Fortseliinger og Legcnder om Hellige Msend og Kvindcr. El'ter 
Gamle Haandscrifter udgvine af Dr.'C. 11. Unger .... II. Christiana: Trykt hos B. M. Bent- 
zen. 1877. [Svo. pp. 686+.] 



124 Recent Publications, [Jan. 

Unders5gelse af Kongesagaens Fremvsext af A Gyessing. Christiana: Trykt hos A. 
W. Brogger; [8vo. Two Volumes. Vol. I. 1873; Vol. II. 1876.] 

Chronological Summary of Battles and Engagements of the Western Armies of the Con- 
federate States, including" summary of lit. Gen. Joseph Wheeler's cavalry engagements. 
By Edwin L. Drake, Lt. Col. C.S.A., Editor of the "Annals of the Army ot Tennessee." 
Nashville: Javel, Eastman & Howell. 1879. [8vo.pp. 99.] 

A discourse delivered at the fiftieth anniversarv of the Kennebec Association at Nor- 
ridgewocfc, Sept. 2, 1879. By Rev. W. H. Shailer, D.D. Portland: Press of B. Thurs- 
ton & Co. 1879. [8vo. pp. 24.] 

Bi-Centenuial Celebration of Rochester, Mass., July 22, 1879. [3vo. pp. 125.] 

Fifty-Eighth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Mercantile (May, 1878— 
April, 1879) Library Association of the City of New York. New York: Terwiiliger & 
Peck, Steam Printers and Stationers, No. 83 Eighth Avenue. 1879. [8vo. pp. 34.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodje of Maine at its sixtieth annual Communication, held a' 
Portland, May, 1879. Vol. X. Parti. [Seal.] Portland : Stephen Berry, Priuter. 1879. 
[8vo.pp. 276.] 

Contributions of the Old Residents Historical Association, Lowell, Mass. Organized 
Dec. 21, 1868. Vol.1. No. 4. Published by the Association, May, 1879. Lowell, Mass. : 
Stone, Bachellcr & Livingston, Printers, No. IS Jackson Street. 1879. [Svo. pp. 265-412.] 

Addresses upon the occasion of the reception of Henry M. Hoyt, Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania, by the Union League of Philadelphia, April 15. 1879. Philadelphia: Press of Henry 
B. Ashmead, 1102 and U04 Sansom Street. 1879. [Svo. pp. 28.] 

Contributions to a Catalogue of the Lenox Library. No. II. The Jesuit Relations, etc. 
[Seal.] New York: Printed for the Trustees. M.DCCC.LXXIX. [8vo. pp. 13] 

1779 — 1879. Centennial Commemoration of the Burning of Fairfield, Connecticut, by 
the British troops under Gov. Trvon, Julv 8, 1779. New York : A. S. Barnes, Publishers 
and Booksellers, 111 and 113 William Street. 1879. [Svo. pp. 104.] 

Additional notes upon the Collection of Coins and Medals now upon exhibition at the 
Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art, Memorial Hall, Fairmount Park, 
Philadelphia. By Henry Phillips, Jr. [Svo. pp. 19.] 

Commerce entre L'Espagne et ses provinces d'outre mer et les provinces confederees du 
Canada. Notes du Comte de Premio-Real, Consul General d'Espagne au Canada, etc. V. 
[Svo. pp. 88.] 

A General Index of the Agricultural Reports of the Patent Office for twenty-five years 
from 1837 to 1861, and of the Department of Agriculture for fifteen years, from 1 8G2 to" 1876 
By the Commissioner of Agriculture. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1879. 
[8vo. pp. 225.] 

Official Register of the Officers and Cadets of the U. S. Military Academy, West Point, 
N. Y. June, 1879. [12mo. pp. 43.] 

1829—1879. Fiftieth Anniversary of the Presbyterian Church of Danville, 111. . . . 
March 8th and 9th, 1S79. Danville, Illinois Commercial Steam Printing Establishment. 
1879. [Svo. pp. 41.] 

Memorial of the Rev. Henry Smith, D.D., LL.D., Professo: of Sacred Rhetoric and Pas- 
toral Ihtologv in Lane Theological Seminary, consisting of addresses on occasion of the 
Seminary, May 8, 1879, together with commemorative resolutions. Cincinnati: Elm 
Street Printing Company. Nos. 176 and 178 Elm Street. 1879. [Svo. pp. 40. J 

List of the Society of Antiquaries of London, on the 12th June, 1879. [Seal.] 

Report upon the Physics and Hydraulics of the Mississippi River upon the protection of 
the alluvial region against overflow, and upon the deepening of the mouths; based upon 
surveys and investigations. . . . Prepared by Capt. A. A. Humphries and Lieut. H. L. 
Abbo'tr, Corps of Topographical Engineers, U. S.Army. Washington : Government Print- 
ing Office. 1S70. [Folio, pp. t>9l, with maps.] 

The three Pronunciations of Latin. By M. M. Fisher. Second Edition. New England 
Publishing Company, Boston, Mass. 18?9. [8vo. pp. lo2.] 

Memoir of William H. Y. Hackett. By Frank W. Hackett. With selections from his 
writings. Privately printed. Portsmouth. 1879. [Svo. pp. 156.] 

Catuloaus Senatus Academici et eorum qui munera etoffieia gesserunt, quiqne alicnjus 
gradus Liurea donati sunt in Collegio Hobartiano quod est Geneva! in Republica Nova 
Eboracensi. [Seal.] Geneva} : Typis S. H. Parker. Anno MDCCCLXXIX. [Svo. pp. 
79.+] 

Mass. Charitable Mechanic Association, its act of incorporation, historical and statistical 
memoranda, Constitution, List of Officers and Members, etc. etc. Instituted March 15, 
179-5. Incorporated March 8, 1806. Boston : Printed for the Association by Warren Rich- 
ardson (.U6 Franklin Street). 1879. [12mo. pp. 126.] 

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society at the semi-annual meeting held in 
Boston, April 30, 1879. [Seal.] Worcester: Printed by Charles Hamilton, Central Ex- 
change. 1879. [Svo. pp. 120.] 



1880.] 



Recent Publications* ' 125 



Minutes of the Medical Societv of the County of Now York, 1806—1873. A. E. M. Pur- 
dv, M.D., Editor. April— Part . I. New York: Published bv the Society. 1829. [8vo. 
pp. 64.] 

Thirteenth Annual Report of the Trustees of the Public Library of Taunton, 1878. [Seal.] 
Taunton : J. S. Sampson, Printer, 19 Weir Street. 1879. [Svo. pp. 9.] 

History of the Town of Savoy. By H. E. Miller. Published by H. E. Miller, West 
Cummiugton. Mass. 1S79. [Square 16mo. pp. 26.] 

Report of the Decennial Meeting and biographical record of the Class of 1S69. Yale 
College, New Haven : Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, Printers. 1879. [8vo. pp. 47.1 

Minutes of the Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the General Association of New Hamp- 
shire, held at Lebanon. September 16, 17 and IS, 1879. Seventy- eighth Annual Report of 
the New Hampshire Home Missionary Society. Bristol, N. H. : Printed by R. W. Mus- 
grove. 1879. * [8vo. | p. 94+] 

Semi-Centennial Celebration of the Franklin Fire Insurance Cornpanv of Philadelphia* 
June 2-5, 1879. Published by request. Philadelphia : 1879. [8vo. pp. 69.] 

The Medical and Surgical History of the war of the rebellion. Part II. Vol. I. Medi- 
cal History, beiug the second medical volume prepared under the direction of Joseph K. 
Barnes, Surgeon General U.S.A. Bv Joseph Janvier Woodward, U.S.A. First Issue. 
Washington 1 : Government Printing Office. 1879. [Folio, pp. x. S59.] 

The Centennial Discourse delivered in Westharapton, Mass., Sept. 3, 1S79, on the one 
hundredth anniversary of the formation of the Church in that town. By Doras Clarke, 
D.D. Boston : Lee & Shepard, Publishers. 1S79. [Small 8vo. pp. 60.] 

A Historical Discourse delivered on the loOth anniversary of the organization of the 
First Congregational Church in Providence, R. L, and the ordination of Josiah Cotton, the 
first minister, Sunday evening, Nov. 1, 1878. By Carlton A. Staples. Providence: Sidney 
S. Rider. 1879. [Svo. pp. 39.] 

Address delivered before the New England Association of the soldiers of the war of 1812, 
at the dissolution of their association, Oct. 1879. By Charles Hudson, president of the 
association. Lawrence, Mass. : Daily Eagle Steam Book and Jo)) Printing Office. 1879. 
[8vo.pp.l2.J 

The Image of the Cros* and lights on the altar in the Christian Church, and in heathen 
temples before the Christian Era, especially in the British Isles. . . . Toronto: Hunter, 
Rose & Co. New York : T. Whittaker, Bible House. MDCCCLXXIX. [Svo. pp. ,58.] 

Papers of the Historical Societv of Delaware. II. Address on the History of the Boun- 
daries of the State of Delaware, by Hon. John W. Hou-tou. The Historical Society of 
Delaware, Wilmington. 1879. [Svo. pp. 10S.] 

Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Societv, for the year 1S79. Part I. 
[Seal.] Boston : Printed for the Society. 1879. [Svo. pp.'lOS.] 

Manual of the Congregational Church in Wenham, Muss. 1644— 1S79. Bristol, N. H. : 
Printed by R. W. Mm-grove. 1879. [Svo. pp. 96.] 

Early Records of the Town of Worcester. Book I. 1722—1739. [Seal.] Worcester, 
Ma*s. : The Worcester Society of Antiquity. 1879. U.S.ACIII. [Svo. pp. 142.] 

Oration delivered before the City Council and citizens of Boston, on the one hundred and 
third Anniversary of the Declaration of American Independence, Julv 4, 1S79. Bv Henry 
Cabot Lodge. [Seal.] Boston: Printed by order of the City Council. MCCCCLXXIX. 
[Svo. pp. 44.] 

Tenth Annual Re-union ofihe Association of the Graduates of the United States Military 
Academy at West Point, New York, June 12, 1879. New York : D. Van Nostrand, Pub- 
lisher, 23 Murray and 27 Warren St. 1879. [8vo. PP- 128.] 

Proceedings of the Grand Commanderv of Maine at its twenty-eighth annual conclave, 
(held at Portland, May 7, 1879. Vol. III. Part IV. [Seal.]" Portland, Me.: Stephen 
Berry, Printer. 1879. > Svo. pp. vii. 268-594.] 

Documents relating to the history of the Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Dela- 
ware River. Translated and compiled from original manuscripts in the office of the Secre- 
tary of State at Albany, and in the Royal Archives at Stockholm. By B. Fernao, keeper 
of the historical records. Vol. XII. Aioany : The Argus Cornpanv, Printers. 1877- [Folio, 
>P L.669.] 

Sixtieth Annual Report of the trustees of the New York State Library for the year 1877. 

transmitted to the legislature, Feb. 28, 187S. Aioany : 1878. [Svo. pp. 1.58 ] 
Memorials of the old Chicago Library, formerly Youn? Men's Association, and of the 

lavent of the New Chicago Public Library, compiled from authentic sources. Chicago : 

John K. Scully, Printer, Metropolitan Block. 1873. [Svo. pp. 133.] 

I Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of the most Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free 

|nd Accepted Masons of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. . . . Special Commu- 
tation at Salem, June 24, 1879, and Quarterly Communication Sept. 10, 1879. . • Boston : 
teas of Rockwell & Churchill, 39 Arch St. 1379. [Svo. pp. 73.] 



126 



Deaths. 



[Jan. 



Historical Sketch of Partridge's Military Institute at Harrisburg, Pa , 1845-6-7. By 
Cacict George B. Ay res- Harrisburg^Penn. :" Telegraph " Printing House. 1879. [8vo. 
pp. 19.] 

Remarks on the Death of Hon. Caleb Cashing, LL.I>., before the Massachusetts Histori- 
cal Society, Jan. 9, 1879. by Charles W. Tuttle. [8vo. pp. 6. 25 copies. Reprinted 
from Proceedings Mass. Hist. Soc, Jan. 1879.] 

Obituary .Miss Martha Peet. [Small 8vo. pp. 18.] 



DEATHS. 



Crane, the Rev. Denzil M., at South 
Acton, Mass., Sept. 4, 1S79, as;ed 67. 
He was born in Brookline, Vt.. Feb. 
9, 1812. From 1846 to 1858, he was 
pastor of the Baptist church in North- 
ampton, Mass., and from 185S to 1SG4 
of the Uniou Baptist Church in Bos- 
ton. He was also settled in South 
Acton, but since August. 1878, had 
been supplying the pulpit in North- 
ampton. 

Hibbard, Mrs. Sarah K., in Bath. N.H., 
on the 5th of October last. She was 
a daughter of the late Hon. Sal ma 
Hale, of Keene, N. H. (ante. xxi. 292), 
who was a member of Congress, and 
the author of several historical works, 
one of which, the History of the Unit- 
ed States, was for many years a popu- 
lar school book, and was more than 
once republished in Europe. 

The Hon. Henry Hibbard, the hus- 
band of Mrs. H., was also a member 
of Congress from New Hampshire, 
and was a prominent lawyer, as well 
af a politician. He was a gentleman 
o' genial manners and of much culture. 

Mrs. Hibbard had been for several 
yeans interested in the study of histo- 
ry, and that of her own state in par- 
ticular ; and was very successful in 
preserving and rescuing from destruc- 
tion old papers and memorials of past 
time. Her historical library and collec- 
tions are said to have been quite large 
and valuable. Beside this, she was a 
lady of cultivated tastes, and of decided 
character, and enjoyed the friendship 
of a large circle of the best people 
among us. Her death is the cause of 
wide spread sorrow. b. 

Eicker, Miss Rebecca, at West Leba- 
non, Me., October 28, 1879, at the old 
homestead of her parents, where she 
has always liied, aged 96 years, 9 mos. 



and 15 days. She was daughter of 
Moses 3 and Sobriety (Knox) Kicker, 
and granddaughter of Ephraim- Kick- 
er, who married Sarah, daughter of 
Deacon Gershom Wentworth, of Do- 
ver, N. H. Miss Kicker was gt. gr.- 
daughter of George 1 Kicker, the emi- 
grant, mentioned in Pike's Journal of 
June 4th, 1706, as killed by the In- 
dians, with his brother Maturiu Kick- 
er [ante, v. 308, 464]. Miss Kicker 
retained her memory until the last, and 
has been the means of settling a great 
many disputed points touching the 
families of old Cocheco and vicinity. 

w. 

Washburn", Algernon Sidney, in Hallow- 
ell, Mc, Sept. 29, 1879. He was a son of 
Israel Washburn (whose death was 
noticed in the Register, Jan. A.D. 
1877), and was born in Livermore, 
Me., Nov. 29, 1314. His mother was 
Martha Benjamin, daughter of Lieut. 
Samuel Benjamin, an officer of the 
Revolution. From 1836 to 1852, Mr. 
Washburn resided in Boston, where he 
was engaged in the wholesale dry- 
goods trade. In the latter year he re- 
moved to Hallowell, where he became 
the manager and principal owner of 
the Bank of Hallowell, afterwards the 
First National Bank of that city. He 
married Ann Sarah Moore, — daughter 
of Col. Cyrus Moore, of Bangor, — 
who died in 1866. He was a man of 
many friends and no enemies. The 
name of Blythe House, given by his 
friends to his residence in Hallowell, 
was well won by the genial and cheer- 
ful hospitality which ever reigned 
there. He was stricken by paralysis 
in 1874, and had never afterwards been 
able to attend to active business. Iwo 
sons, students in Bowdoin College, 
survive him. 



Errata.— Page 2S, 1. 18. for Amasa rend Anna. Nicholas Upsal had no son. Page 49, I. 15. 
The wife of Christopher B^tt wa3 probably Anna Thacfier, not Tvppan as queried, bee &E- 
OI3TEB, xxiv. 7S. 



1/1 




\l 



THE 



m 

Historical and Genealogical 

REGISTER. 

N° CXXXIV. 

VOL. X X X I V, — A P R I L , 1880. 

IN MEMORIAM MAJORUM. 



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 
NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY 



BOSTON: 

THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

JDJkTVJX) CI*A1?3? &c SOX, 3?XiI>TT ERS, 

554 Washington' St. 



3^ T"ivEM5 _$3 A YEAS, IK" ADVANCE. 



Si V 



Hi 

\ 
\ . 



.- 



^ 






Igk 



k 



'"l^v^ ~ <r. u I z -t ^>"Z *- 



THE 

HISTORICAL AKD GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



APRIL, 1830. 



KEV. JOHN ADAMS VINTON. 

By the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, CD., of West Newton, Mass. 

I^HE subject of this memoir was born in Boston on the 5th day 
- of February, 1801. He was the son of Dea. Josiah and 
Betsey (Giles) Vinton. 

His earliest paternal ancestor on these shores (the ancestor, as is 
believed, of all who bear the name in this country) was John Vin- 
ton, who appears as an inhabitant of Lynn, in or about the year 
1643. In tracing the descent of the subject of this sketch from this 
founder of the family, we will leave aside all collateral branches, 
and simply give the names of his ancestors, in the direct line, in 
the several generations. 

From John Vinton, the settler in 1643, came John Vinton, born 
in 1650, and known as an inhabitant of Woburn ; John Vinton. 
born in 1680, who became a citizen of Stoneham ; Thomas Vinton, 
born in Stoneham in 1717; Josiah, of Braintree, born in 1755; 
and Josiah Vinton, born in Braintree in 1777, the father of the 
man of whom we write. He was thus of the seventh generation 
from the first comer. 

On his mother's side, whose maiden name was Betsey Snow Giles, 
he was also of the same generation from Edward Giles, who was a 
freeman in Salem in 1634. 

"Whether John Vinton, the emigrant, came here directly from 
France or by the way of England, is uncertain. The family, as is 
firmly believed, was Huguenot in its origin, but the Huguenots 
were numerous in England in the days of the early settlements upon 
these shores, and very many of the Huguenot names now in this 
country (probably the major part of them), were brought hither 
from England and Scotland. 

VOL. XXXIV. 12 



128 Rev, John Adams Vinton. [April, 

When the subject of our memoir was only a few years old, his 
family removed from Boston for a time, and lived in Braintree. In 
this town the near relatives of the family resided. The boy had 
received his name from John Adams, second president of the Unit- 
ed States, who was of the famih' kindred, and whose home was in 
ancient Braincree. Mr. Yinton, late in life, records that he never 
attended a public school in Boston, because he was then too young. 
No scholars were allowed, at that period, in the public schools of 
Boston, under seven years of age. Asa child in Boston, he attend- 
ed the women's schools, then common, which were supported by 
private subscription. He afterward attended the public schools in 
Braintree three months in summer and three months in winter, for 
several years, but he himself, in bis autobiographical record, says, 
" Several months before 1 was thirteen my school days ceased en- 
tirely." 

Pie however became a veiy industrious reader, applying himself 
to such books as had in them a constantly educating power, like 
Marshall's Life of "Washington ; Rollins's Ancient History ; Pri- 
deaux's Connections, &c. With such books as these he spent all 
his leisure hours. At the age of eleven he was taken into the store 
of his father in Boston. Though he longed for larger opportuni- 
ties for education, he wa3 constantly discouraged by his father and 
his family. He says : 

" My fondness for books did not please my father. He thought I must 
get my living, as he had, in a store. He never seemed to think that my 
desire for an education could be turned to any good account. He always 
frowned upon it. * * * I well remember, as though it were a thing of 
yesterday, how, from my father's dry-goods store on Washington Street. 
the part at that time called Cornhill, I watched the boys of the Latin 
School, then situated on School Street, Boston, as they were returning from 
school, swinging the satchels containing their books ; and how sad I felt 
that the opportunities they were enjoying could not be mine." 



o 

C 



He continued in his father's store until 1822, when he became of 
age. He then lefr, having received nothing for this long service 
but his food and clothes. From Boston he w r ent to Philadelphia, 
where he had two uncles, brothers of his father, who kept a whole- 
sale dry-goods store. Here he was treated more generously. Dur- 
ing all the years of his long apprenticeship in Boston, he had retain- 
ed a strong desire for a public education. Though his father was 
still thoroughly opposed to the project, his uncles encouraged him, 
and offered to give him assistance in carrying out the plan. 

In May, 1823, he entered Phillips Academy, Exeter, N. H., on 
the foundation of the Phillips Fund. Here in fourteen months he 
completed his preparation, and entered Dartmouth College in Sep- 
tember, 1821, and the age of twenty-three. According to the ar- 
rangements of the College, the winter vacations were so shaped as 
to enable the students to be absent teaching. Availing himself of 



1880.] Rev. John Adams Vinton. 129 

this opportunity, he taught school every winter during his college 
course, thus helping himself forward financially. With the money 
thus gained, and with help from his uncles and other relatives and 
friends, lie passed through his college course successfully, and came 
out the fifth scholar in a class of forty. 

At his age, being then twenty-seven, no time was to be lost. lie 
went directly from the college to Andover Theological Seminary, 
and took the full three years' course there required. A class-mate 
of his at Dartmouth testifies that he was the leading student of his 
class in Greek. He was by nature a scholar, and took a rare de- 
light in conquering difficulties which to another class of persons 
always prove exceedingly irksome. 

Andover, at that time, was the place where Congregational stu- 
dents for the ministry were generally educated, and many Presbyte- 
rian students gathered there for the same purpose. The number of 
students in attendance at that time was considerably greater than 
now. During his seminary life he was constantly associated with 
not far from one hundred and thirty or one hundred and forty stu- 
dents. But it was of course a body changing from year to year. 
If we reckon those of the older classes passing out and younger 
classes coming in, he was thus brought into contact and acquaint- 
ance with three or four hundred young men, many of whom were 
destined to fill very prominent places in the Christian Church. This 
wide acquaintance with men gathered from distant parts of the land, 
was in itself an important education. 

The missionary spirit was at that time exceedingly active in An- 
dover, and Mr. Vinton, through a large part of his public educa- 
tion, had this thought of missionary labor uppermost in his mind. 
Before he left the Seminary his heart was set very strongly upon 
the foreign missionary work. lie reasoned, and reasoned wisely, 
that on account of his voice, which forbade his becoming a popular 
speaker in the large sense, and by his special acquisitions in the lan- 
guages, he was best fitted for service on missionary ground, Avhere 
he could lead men to. the truth in simpler ways, and where his tal- 
ents would be specially called into exercise as a translator. But he 
had become engaged to a lady who was an invalid, and the Ameri- 
can Board, for this reason, decided not to send him forth. This 
was the sore disappointment of his life. To the majority of men it 
would be counted a great sacrifice to leave their native land and go 
abroad for a life of missionary service. But to him, with the 
thoughts he had and the plans he had formed, it was a great sacri- 
fice not to go. So large a place did this subject fill in his life plans, 
that it may interest the reader to see his own statement on this point. 

"The subject of Foreign Missions had, for many years, occupied my 
mind. I read and conversed much upon the subject. Dr. Woods, the 
Professor of Theology? and others, warmly approved of my inclination to 
be a foreign missionary. He advised me to cherish the desire I felt. After 



130 Rev. John Adams Vinton. [April, 

due deliberation and much prayer, I made a formal tender of my services to 
the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Biissions. I was will- 
ing to go wherever they might wish to send me. The offer was kindly re- 
ceived ; but after some delay, Dr. Anderson, the secretary, told me frankly, 
in February, 1831, that my own slender health, and that of my intended 
wife, presented an insuperable barrier to its acceptance. * * * After 
the lapse of more than forty years, it is my decided belief that I ought to 
have been a foreign missionary. I should have been a translator, and my 
work done chiefly within doors. The fatigues and exposures of a mission- 
ary life in the Turkish Empire, would, I apprehend, have been no more 
oppressive or injurious to our health than those which I and my wife actu- 
ally endured in America. She lived but six years after marriage here in 
New England. Very likely she would have lived as long in Turkey. For 
myself I must say I have never been satisfied with the life I have since 
passed in the United States/' 

The last sentence of this quotation doubtless calls to mind the 
troubles and changes through which he passed in the ministry. His 
ministerial life was not a success. There w r as no w?nt of culture, 
of course. His sermons, if called out from their hiding-places to- 
day, would, we doubt not, be found more able and scholarly than 
those with which many men achieve high popularity. In all those 
years he would have filled a professor's chair in a college or theo- 
logical school with far more ability than he filled the pulpit. The 
popular gifts were not his. In presence, in manner, in voice, he 
fell short of the current demand, and so the churches to which he 
ministered were in general small, and he passed from one to another 
without a lon^-continued settlement in anv one of them. 

He left the public labors of the ministry in the year 1852, and 
gradually found that vocation for which he was preeminently fitted. 
Men who did not care to hear him preach would read with pleasure 
and profit an article from his pen in one of trr \ weekly religious pa- 
pers or in one of our religious quarterlies. Before the writer of this 
had any personal acquaintance whatever with Mr. Vinton, he had 
made his acquaintance as a public writer, and an article bearing his 
name was quite sure to be found accurate, exact, polished, written 
in pure and simple English, and always treating of subjects which 
were worth careful attention and study. 

Mingled with this general and miscellaneous writing, he was led 
by degrees into another branch of study and writing in which he- 
has achieved a marked success. Few men among; us have done 
more in the ferreting out of family histories and genealogies, and 
setting them in clear and intelligent order. It is marvellous what 
an amount of this slow, tedious, perplexing work, and that in ex- 
cellent shape, came from his hands during the latter years of his 
life. It w T as a wonder to his friends how, in his retirement, he 
could so surround himself with helps and sources of information, 
could conduct such a multifarious correspondence ; in short, 
could do that almost endless and tangled work necessary to perfect 



1880.] Rev. John Adams Vinton. 131 

and bring out a volume of family genealogy. But he did it, not for 
one family alone, but for many. That of his own family, the " Yin- 
ton Memorial," is a volume of 534 pages, packed full of names and 
dates. For we have here not alone the Vinton Genealogy in full, 
but, in shorter forms, occupying nearly half the volume, are genea- 
logical sketches, longer or shorter, of nineteen allied families. Iu 
like manner, in the " Giles Memorial," we have the full exhibition 
of the Giles family, and shorter studies upon ten allied families. 
The "Upton Memorial" has four allied families appended. The 
w Symmes Memorial " is a smaller volume of 184 pages. The largest 
of all his books, in this line, and his latest, finished not long 
before his death, is the "Richardson Memorial," designed to cover 
and embrace the whole race of Richardsons in this country, with 
many English references besides. This is a volume of 944 pages, 
and the very sight of it suggests an amount of labor from which the 
healthiest man might shrink, even if he had the needful aptitudes for 
this kind of composition. But this volume was prepared at his 
home in Winchester while he was a confirmed invalid, drawing near 
to his end. The fact shows, first of all, that Mr. Vinton was, in 
his habits, a student. He loved study. He took the most genuine 
pleasure in seeing order growing out of chaos beneath his guiding 
hand. But with all this love, if he had not had an immense inward 
pluck and perseverance he never would have labored on in this way, 
amid his growing pain and weakness. 

The volumes he has left behind will endure. The writer, whose 
time and strength are devoted to the production of works of fiction, 
to feed the greedy appetites of the million, if he could wake out of 
his grave a hundred years hence, might find his works and his name 
utterly forgotten in the earth. But such volumes as our friend has 
prepared will stand for centuries hence on the book-shelves of great 
libraries, and will bear a higher and higher price as years advance. 

Mr. Vinton died at Winchester, Mass., Nov. 13, 1877. He was 
twice married. His first wife, to whom he was united June 6, 
1832, was Orinda Haskell, daughter of Thomas L. and Orinda 
(Carpenter) Haskell, of Hanover, Vt. She died Aug. 4, 1838. 
He was again married Feb. 24, 1840, to Laurinda, daughter of 
Reuben and Sarah (Vinton) Richardson, of Stoneham, Mass. His 
wife, to whose energy and moral worth Mr. Vinton owed much of 
his later success in life, survived him but about a year. She died 
Dec. 31, 1878, having been an invalid during the last thirty-five 
years of her life. 

By his first marriage Mr. Vinton had three children, two eons 
and a daughter ; and by his second, four children, two sons and two 
daughters. Of the?e seven children two only are now living. Hi3 
son Alfred Clarence Vinton, by the second marriage, is now a law- 
yer in Boston. 

vol. xxziv. 12* 



132 Bi*istol Records. [April , 



BRISTOL RECORDS. 

List of Baptisms from the Records op the Church of Christ 
at Bristol, R. I. (formerly Bristol, Mass.), 

Organized Mat 3, 1687. 
Communicated by Georgb T. Paine, Esq., of Providence, R. I. 

16S7. Rev. Samuel Lee, Pastor. 

May 8. Elizabeth, dau. of Maj. John Walley. 

Benjamin, son of Nathaniel Reynolds. 
June 5. Charles, son of Benjamin Church. 

Nathaniel, son of Benjamin Church. 

Elizabeth dan. of (William) Troop. 

Lydia, dau. of ("William) Troop. 
19. John Martin and Mary his wife. 
July 10. Ebenezer, son of (Nicholas) Mead. 

Katherine, dau. of (Nicholas) Mead. 

John, son of Thomas Walker. 
17. Josiah, son of John Cary. 

Abigail, dau. of John Cary. 

James, son of Anthony Fry. 

Mary, dau. of Anthony Fry. 
Augt. 21. Thomas, son of John and Mary Martin. 

John, son of John and Mary Martin. 

Joseph, son of John and Mary Martin. 

Benjamin, son of John and Mary Martin. 

Mary, dau. of John and Mary Martin. 

Abigail, dau. of John and Mary Martin. 
Sep. 4. William, son of Thomas Walker. 

18. Joshua, son of John Gladding, Jr. 
1688. 
Mar. 25. Samuel, son of Samuel Penfield. 

Isaack, son of Samuel Penfield. 

Mary, dau. of Samuel Penfield. 

Sarah, dau. of Samuel Penfield. 

Hannah, dau. of Samuel Penfield. 
Apl. 22. Ebenezer, son of Ebenezer Brinton. 
29. Samuel, son of Chr. Clark. 

Daniel, son of Thomas Gladwin. 
May 13. John, son of Mr. Mead. 

John, son of Peter Papillion. 

Peter, son of Peter Papillion. 

Ebenezer, son of Peter Papillion. 

Mary, dau. of Peter Papillion. 
July 22. Samuel, son of Thomas Doggett. 

Hannah, dau. of Thomas Doggett. 
Sept. 9. Lydia, dau. of Major Wally. 

Deliverance, granddaughter 13 age and servant to Mrs. How- 
land her aunt. 
Nov. 21. Jeremiah, son of Jeremiah Finney. 



1880.] Bristol Records. 133 

Mary, dau. of Jeremiah Finney. 
Hannah, dau. of Jeremiah Finnney. 
Dec. 16. Ruth, dau. of Nathaniel Reynolds. 

1690. 
Nov. 6. Jeremiah Ingraham baptized. 

19. Mary, dau. of Richard and Mary White baptized. 
1691. 
March 25. Martha, dau. of Ebenezer and Priscilla Brenton. 
Apl. 2-4. John, son of John and Deliverance Corp. 
Anna, dau. of John and Deliverance Corp. 
Mary. dau. John and Deliverance Corp. 
Elizabeth, dau. of John and Deliverance Corp. 
Sarah, dau. of John and Deliverance Corp. 

1695. Rev. John SPAroTAWK, Pastor. 

Aug. 4. Mary, dau. of William Hoar. 

Nathaniel, son of Belamy Bosworth. 
Esther, dau. of Belamy Bosworth. 
Mary, dau. of Capt. Gallop. 
Mary, dau. of Mr. Walker. 
11. Joseph, son of Jabez Gorum and Hannah Gorum. 
Hannah, dan. of Jabez and Hannah Gorum. 
Sarah, dau. of John Glading. 
25. Samuel, son of Dea. Corbitt. 
Will, son of Usall Wardwell. 
Rebecca, dau. of Usall Wardwell. 
James, son of James Adams. 
Sarah, dau. of James Adams. 
William Fenno. 

Ebenezer Brenton and Priscilla his wife. 

" Samuel and Benjamin, sons of y e widow Papillion after y r 
father* Death." 
Sept. 8. Joseph, son of Jabez Howland. 

30. William, son of Capt. and Elizabeth Gallop. 
Hester, dau. of John Wilson and his wife. 
Oct. 20. Thomas, son of Dea. Cobbit. 

Sarah, dau. of Timothy Ingraham and Sarah his wife. 
Deborah, dau. of Jeremiah and Ester Finney. 
Ester, dau. of Jeremiah and Ester Finney. 
27. Jonathan, son of Jonathan and Joanna Finney. 
Joana, dau. of Jonathan and Joanna Finney. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Jonathan and Joanna Finney. 
. Lydia, dau. of Jonathan and Joanna Finney. 
Mary, dau. of Jonathan and Joanna Finney. 
Dec. 22. William, son of Eliashib and Mehitabell Adams. 
Lydia, dau. of Eliashib and Mehitabell Adams. 
Mehitabell, dau. of Eliashib and Mehitabell Adams. 
John Hayman was baptized. 
Jany. 26. John and Abigail Wilkins, Adults. 

1696. 
April 12. Freelove Betty, Adult. 

19. a dau. of John Martin. 



134 Bristol JRecords. [April, 

June 21. Rebecca, dau. of Samuel Penfield and Mary. 

Abigail, dau. of Samuel and Mary Penfield. 

Benjamin, son of Samuel and Mary Penfield. 
July 19. Thomas, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Birch. 

Robert, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Birch. 

Jonathan, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Birch. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas and Elizabeth Birch. 

Hannah, dau. of Thomas and Elizabeth Birch. 
Augt. 2. Nathaniel, son of Mr. Paine and Dorothy his wife. 

Edward, son of (Nathaniel) and Dorothy Paine. 

Jonathan, son of (Nathaniel) and Dorothy Paine. 

Hannah, dau. of (Nathaniel) and Dorothy Paine. 

Dorothy, dau. of (Nathaniel) and Dorothy Paine. 
16. of Samuel Penfield. 

Sep. 13. son of Thomas Shepard. 

Oct. 12. John, son of Deacon Cobbitt. 
Dec. 13. Bethiah, dau. of David and Elizabeth Cary. 
Feb. dau. of Capt. Chapin. 

Mary, dau. of John and Eliza Peck. 
Mch. 14. son of Timothv Iugraham. 

1697. 
April 18. Nathaniel, son of John Cobitt. 
May 2. Barnat Dyer, Adult of Newport. 

Jeremiah, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Birch. 
9. Sarah, dau. of Ebenezer and Priscilla Brenton. 
June 6. John, son of Capt. Nathaniel Codington of Newport. 

Nathaniel, son of Capt. Nathaniel Codington of Newport. 

Mary, dau. of James and Mary Adams. 
13. John, son of George and Hannah Moorey. 

George, son of George and Hannah Moorey. 

Mary, dau. of George and Hannah Moorey. 

Sarah, dau. of George and Hannah Moorey. 

Hannah, dau. of George and Hannah Moorey. 
July 11. Children of John and Mary Barnes. 
Aug. 22. Judith, dau. of Mr. Smith of Newport. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Mr. Smith of Newport. 
Sept. 5. Alitheah, dau. of Nathaniel and Dorothy Paine. 
19. Eliashib, son of Eliashib and Mehitabell Adams. 

Dorrad, dau. of Daniel Throop and Dorrad his late wife 
deceased. 
1698. 
May 8. Sarah, dau. of Mrs. Caverly of Newport. 

Mary, dau. of Mr. Dyer of Newport. 
June 19. Mehitabell, dau. of Jonathan Finney. 
July 17. Nathaniel, son of Capt. Samuel and Elizabeth Gallop. 
Sep. 11. John, son of John and Elizabeth Barnes. 
Oct. 16. Alery, son of Daniel and Deborah Throop. 

Jouathau, son of Jonathan and Mary Peck. 
23. Hannah, dau. of Samuel and Priscilla Talbee. 
1699. 
Jany. 29. David, son of David and Elizabeth Cary. 
Apl. 9. William, son of John Gladding Jr. and Alice his wife. 
16. Anstid, dau. of Benjamin and Abigail Ellery. 



1380.] Bristol Records, . 135 

Abigaile, dau. of Benjamin and Abgail Ellery. 
23. Martha, dau. of George Moorey. 
Eben, son of Jonathan Finney. 
Abigail, dau. of Jeremiah and Hester Finney. 
30. Ephraim, son of Mrs. Strainge of Portsmouth, a member of 
the Church of C. at Marblehead. 
June 4. Abigail, dau. of John Andrews. 

Silence, dau. of Angel Torrey and his wife. 
Sep. 3. Ann, dau. of Mowry and Mary Dyer. 

10. Samuel, son of Joshua Finney. 
Nov. 12. John, son of John Church of Little Compton. 

Mary, dau. of John Church of Little Compton. 
Jany. 27. Sarah, dau. of James and Mary Adams. 
Feby. 4. Ann, dau. of John and Rebecca Throop. 

William, son of William and Martha Throop. 
25. Edward, son of Timothy and Sarah Ingraham. 
1700. 
May 12. Edward, son of Edward and Elizabeth Adams. 
Thomas, son of Edward and Elizabeth Adams. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Edward and Elizabeth Adams. 
Eliashim, son of Edward and Elizabeth Adams. 
Hannah, dau. of Edward and Elizabeth Adams. 
Joseph, son of William and Hannah Eddy. 
John, son of John and Deliverance Gaviot. 
Sweet, dau. of John aud Deliverance Gaviot. 
Sarah, dau. of Mr. Goldsmith, of Newport, his wife being a 
member of one of the Churches of Christ in Boston. 
George, son of George Caverly of Newport. 
Hannah, dau. of Jonathan and Joanna Finney. 
Nicholas, son of Jonathan and Elizabeth Peck. 

William, son of Angell Torrey. 

Jonathan, son of John and Albro Glading. 

Experience, wife of Richard Peirce. 

Benjamin, son of William Southworth of Little Compton. 

Joseph, son of William Southworth of Little Compton. 

Edward, son of William Southworth of Little Compton. 

Samuel, son of William Southworth of Little Compton. 

Nathaniel, son of William Southworth of Little Compton. 

Thomas, son of William Southworth of Little Compton. 

Stephen, son of William Southworth of Little Compton. 

Elizabeth, dau. of William Southworth of Little Compton. 

Alice, dau. of William Southworth of Little Compton. 

William, son of John and Mary Barnes. 

Jeremiah, son of Jeremiah and Hester Finney. 

George, son of Mr. Smith of Newport. 

Mary, dau. of Belamy and Mary Bosworth. 

Joseph, son of William Jr. and Martha Throope. 

Peter, son of David and Elizabeth Gary, it being the day of 

his birth. 
James, son of James Welsh. 
Samuel, son of James Welsh. 
Thomas, son of James Welsh. 





27. 


July 


4. 


Aug. 


11. 


Sept. 


1. 


Dec. 


15. 


1700-1 


Mch. 


9. 


May 


21. 


June 


2y. 



July 


13. 


Sept. 


7. 


Augt. 


30. 


Sep. 


28. 


Nov. 


9. 


1702. 


March 29. 



136 Bristol Records. [April, 

Ebenezer, son of James Welsh. 
John, son of James Welsh. 
Elizabeth, dau. of James Welsh. 
Mercy, dau, of James Welsh. 
Deborah, dau. of Dan and Deborah Throope. 
May 3. Benjamin, son of Mr. Holt of Newport. 
June 7. Amon, son of John and Rebecca Throope. 

14. Stephen, son of Nathaniel and Dorothy Paine. 
21. Abigail, dau. of George and Hannah Moorey. 
28. William, son of William and Hannah Eddy. 
July 12. Abigail, dau. of James Smith and his wife by virtue of com- 
mission of Churches being Children of the Church of 
Christ at Weymouth. 
Sept. Susannah Pel ton. 

Charity, wife of Nathan Fordam and 

Nathan Fordam their son. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas and Sarah Church. 

Margaret and Mary twin dau. of Angel Torrey 

Mehetabell Wilkins adult. 

Katherine Osborn adult. 

Anstis, dau. of Richard Jenkins of Bristol lately deceased and 

his wife Mary. 
Ebenezer, son of John and Allice Gladding. 

William, son of Jonathan and Mary Peckc. 
Elizabeth, dau. of William Jr. and Martha Throope. 
Mary, dau. of David and Elizabeth Cary. 

Dan, son of Dan and Deborah Throope. 
Joseph, son of Angell Torrey. 
Sarah, dau. of Nathaniel and Sarah Newdegate. 
Nathaniel, son of Edward and Elizabeth Adams. 
Elizabeth, dau. of William and Hannah Eddy. 

Elizabeth, dau. of James Smith. 
Hannah, dau. of Edward Bosworth. 
Benjamin, son of George and Hannah Moorey. 
Mary, dau. of William and Merry Martin. 
July 8. Martha, dau. of William and Martha Throope. 
22. Samuel, son of William and Mary Glading. 
Mary, dau. of William and Mary Glading. 
Margaret, dau. of Christian Maxfield widow of Samuel Max- 
field deceased. 
Augt. 5. Richard and Susannah Pearce adults. 

George Peirce, son of Richard and Susannah. 
Jennich (?) Perce, son of Richard and Susannah. 
Phebe Pearce, dau. of Richard and Susannah. 
Abigail Pearce, dau. of Richard and Susannah. 
Samuel Atherton, servant to William Throop and son to the 
deceased Worthing Atherton sometime a liver in 
Bristol. 
Edward, son of William and Elizabeth Downes. 
William, son of William and Elizabeth Downes. 



Nov. 


1. 


Jany. 




Feby. 14. 
1703. 


May 


7. 


Nov. 




17 


04. 


June 


24. 




25. 


July 


23. 
31. 


Aug 


6. 


17 


05. 


March 18. 




25. 


June 


17. 




24. 



1880.] 



Bristol Records. 



137 



Augt. 26. 
Sep. 16. 
Oct. 28. 



1705-6. 
Jany. 20. 



1706. 
March 24. 
81. 
July 14. 



28. 



Dec. 1. 


29. 


Jan. 26. 


Feb. 9. 


23. 


March 2. 


23. 


1707. 


AprU 13 

July 6. 

13 



Sep. 14. 
Dec. 21. 

Feby. 7. 



Feby. 29. 



1703. 
April 25. 
June 20. 
Julv 25. 



Thomas, son of Capt. Thomas and Sarah Church. 

Isaac, son of Jonathan and Elizabeth Peck. 

Peter, son of Peter and Mary Reynolds. 

Eleazer, son of Peter and Mary Reynolds. 

Elizabeth, wife of John Lindsey. 

Samuel, son of John and Elizabeth Lindsey. 

John, son of John and Elizabeth Lindsey. 

Mary, dau. of John and Elizabeth Lindsey. 

Joanna Bell adult. 

Abigail, dau. of Eliazer and Lydia Cary. 

Thomas, son of Thomas and Hannah Tiffany. 

Recompense, son of Thomas and Hannah Tiffany. 

Isaiah, son of Thomas and Hannah Tiffany. 

Edward, son of Thomas aud Hannah Tiffany. 

Nathaniel, son of Thomas and Hannah Tiffany. 

Lidiah, dau. of Eleazer and Lidia Cary. 

Joshua, son of Timothy and Sarah Ingraham. 

Hannah, wife of John Martin Junr. 

Mary Wilson adult. 

Sarah Davis adult. 

John Martin Junr. adult. 

Allice, dau. of Thomas and Sarah Church. 

Samuel, son of William and Elizabeth Downes. 

Allice, dau. of John and Allice Glading. 

Christian, dau. of James and Mary Adams. 

Submit, dau. of Dan and Deborah Throope. 

Sarah, dau. of Sarah and Elizabeth Cary. 

Hester, dau. of John and Rebecca Throope. 

Ebenezer, son of Angel and Hannah Torrey. 

Dixis, son of Edward and Mary Gross. 

Benjamin, son of Edward and Mary Gross. 

Dorothy and Sarah, twins and dau. of Nath iniel and Dorothy 

Paine. 
Bethia, dau. of Edward and Elizabeth Adams. 
Ruth, dau. of James Smith. 
Martha, widow to Edward Church deceased also 
Benjamin and Abigail her children. 
Joseph, son of Joseph and Grace Gidings one of the parents 

being connected with Church at Ipswich. 
Rebecca, dau. of James and Bridget Cary. 
William, son of William and Christian Martin. 
Patience, wife of Jabez Howland. 
Bethiah, dau. of Jabez and Patience Howland. 
Mercy, dau. of Jabez and Patience Howland. 
Abigail, dau. of Thomas and Abigail Throope. 
Dorothy, wife of James Pineo. 

Mary (twin), dau. of William and Martha Throope. 
Bathes ba (twin), dau. of William and Martha Throope. 

James, son of James and Dorothy Pinnio. 
Lidiah, dau. of Thomas and Abigail Throope. 
Ebenezer, son of James Pittes of Freetown. 



r 



138 Bristol Records. [April, 

Sarah, dan. of James Pittes of Freetown. 
Content, dau. of James Pittes of Freetown. 
Augt. 1. Henry Bragg and his wife Susannah. 
Joseph Brown. 

Elizabeth, wife of John Green. 
Samuel, son of Samuel and Hannah Penfield. 
Peter, son of Samuel and Hannah Penfleld. 
Nathaniel, son of Samuel and Hannah Penfleld. 
Abigail, dau. of Samuel and Hannah Peutield. 
Sarah, dau. of John and Elizabeth Green. 
Elizabeth, dau. of John and Elizabeth Green. 
Augt. 15. Mary, dau. of Samuel and Plannah Royal. 

29. Linsford, son of John and Margaret Moorey. 
Sept.2 6. Hannah, dau. of Joseph Goldsmith of Newport. 

Anne, dau. of Eleazer and Lidiah Cary. 
Dec. 26. Sarah, wife of Samuel Smith. 

Hannah, dau. of Benjamin and Rebecca Hoar, Benjamin be- 
ing dead the child was presented by its grandmother 
Mrs. Hannah Hoar. 
Jany. 23. Nathaniel, son of Richard and Sarah Pearce. 

1709. 
Mch. 20. Benjamin, son of Capt. Thomas and Sarah Church. 
Thomas, son of George and Hannah Moorey. 
John, son of William and Christian Martin. 
April 10. Samuel, son of Samuel and Abigail Howland. 
May 22. Priscilla, dau. of Daniel and Elizabeth Cary. 
Joshua, son of James Smith of Swansey. 
Jerusha, dau. of Zachariah Bicknell of Swansey. 
Allen, son of Benjamin and Susanna Cary. 
May 22. Abigail, dau. of John and Mary Zolod, 
June 12. John Aborn adult. 

June 12. May, dau. of John and Elizabeth Green. 
July. Abigail, dau. of Henry and Susannah Bragg. 

Aug. 28. Hannah Kennecut, widow of Thomas Kennecut and 
Thomas her son. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Jabez and Patience Howland. 
Oct. 23. Nathaniel and his wife Abigail Smith. 
Mary Smith their dau. 

Rebecca, dau. of John and Rebeccah Throope. 
Nov. 20. James, son of William Jr. and Mary Gladino-. 
Jany. 15. Mercey, dau. of Jonathan and Elizabeth Peck. 
Febv. 5. Nathaniel, son of John and Alice Glading. 

1710. 
Apl. 3. Elizabeth, dau. of James and Dorothy Pineo. 
May 7. Benjamin, son of John and Elizabeth Lindsay. 
June 4. Sarah, dau. of Mrs. Elizabeth Pratt of Newport. 
Mary, dau. of Mrs. Elizabeth Pratt of Newport. 
11. Sarah, dau. of Samuel Smith. 
July 2. William, son of Joseph aud Rebecca Goldsmith of Newport. 
Thomas, son of Thomas and Abigail Throope. 
Peleg, son of Jabez and Bridget Cary of Newport. 
Jane 25. Stephen, son of Deliverance Fry. 

[To be continued.] 



1880.] President Wilder s Address. 139 



ADDRESS OF THE HON. MARSHALL P. WILDER. 

Delivered at the Annual Meeting of the New-England Historic, Genealogical 
Society, January 7, 1880. 

Gentlemen of the Society : 

Most sincerely do I thank you for your confidence and respect 
manifested for a long course of years in selecting me as your pre- 
siding officer ; and 1 beg to assure you that I will bring to the per- 
formance of my duty all the strength and ability which I possess. 

Through the merciful providence of Him who healeth our broken 
bones, and hath preserved our lives to the present time, I am ena- 
bled once more to stand before you, and to discharge the duties which 
you have so kindly and repeatedly imposed upon me. 

I would not, however, disguise the fact that my health has been 
impaired in some degree, but I have reason to bless the Lord for 
gradual improvement, and to hope for the time when it may be more 
fully established.* Lender these circumstances you will not expect 
from me an able or elaborate address, and I shall content myself 
with only such remarks as I may deem necessary for the occasion. 

Happy indeed am I to be here, and once more to join hands and 
hearts in the prosecution of the noble work for which our Society 
was established. But while we rejoice in what has been accom- 
plished by the efforts of many industrious and useful co-workers, we 



are constantly reminded of those who have ceased from their labors 
and have passed from time into eternity. 

During the past year we have to record the death of thirty-two 
members, somewhat more than the usual average nui iber. 

Special notice of these from time to time has been taken in the 
reports of our historiographer, the Rev. Samuel Cutler. Several of 
them have occupied places of distinction and renown. I think 
it proper to allude to two of them again in this address. I refer 
especially to the Hon. John Adams Dix, LL.D.. of Xew York, 
and to the Hon. Caleb Cushing, LL.D., of Massachusetts, with 
both of whom it was my privilege to be personally acquainted. 

General Dix, at the time of his death, was an Honorary Vice- 
President of this Society. Few men have held more offices of honor 
and trust, or discharged their duties with greater fidelity. From the 
time when he joined the army in 1812 to the close of his long life, he 
was seldom out of office either in state or national affairs. He was 
United States minister to France, where he discharged the functions 

* On the 2tst of March, 1879, our venerable President fell on passing from the hall of the 
representatives in the State House, where he had keen to promote the puswige of a bill to 
aid our Agricultural College. His thigh tone was fractured, and this annual meeting of 
the Society was the first that he was able to attend after the accident.— (See Register, 
xxxiii. 3-3:.) 

VOL. XXXIV. 13 



140 President Wader's Address. [April, 

of his office with signal ability and courtesy. In' all the relations of 
life, both public and private, he was highly esteemed for his integrity 
and patriotism. His famous order during the late civil war will ever 
be held in grateful remembrance by every lover of his country. When 
Secretary of the Treasury, hearing that the captain of the revenue 
cutter at New Orleans was about to turn her over to the State 
authorities, he sent the following despatch to a special agent : 
"Treasury Department, Jan. 29, 1861. Tell Lieut. Caldwell to 
arrest Capt. Breshwood, assume command of the cutter and obey 
the order through him. If Capt. Breshwood afcer arrest undertakes 
to interfere with the command of the cutter, tell Lieut. Caldwell to 
consider him as a mutineer, and treat him accordingly. If any one 
attempts to haul down the American flag, shoot him on the spot ! " 

The Hon. Caleb dishing was one of the master minds of the 
present age. In his long public service he was eminent as a jurist, 
statesman and scholar, and an accomplished diplomatist and a brave 
soldier. For nearly fifty years he has been considered one of the 
most profound and learned men that our country has produced. 
His political sentiments did not always harmonize with those of his 
State, but he has ever been considered a true lover of his country, 
and a wise counsellor wherever her honor has been at stake. He 
held numerous offices in the nation and his native state, and was 
entrusted with several important missions to other countries. He 
was minister to China, and to Spain, and was Counsel for the United 
States in the Arbitration at Geneva on the Alabama claims, in which 
he distinguished himself in an extraordinary manner. He had mar- 
vellous intellectual powers and a wonderful capacity for the acquisi- 
tion of knowledge, and a wise discretion in the use of it. lie will 
long be remembered as one of the great men of the age, and will be 
much missed in our public affairs. 

Amon^ those who have been taken from us, there are others 
that are entitled to special remembrance ; but as the historiographer 
has so appropriately spoken of them in his reports, I refrain from 
any further allusion to them. 

These are not lost to memory, or to a just appreciation of their 
services in our cause, and I count it among the pleasant remini- 
scences of life to have enjoyed the acquaintance and friendship of 
several who have been taken from us. They have gone before, but 
we trust they are now enjoying the rewards of well spent lives in 
those blest abodes where death can never enter, and where the ties 
of friendship can never be broken — 

" In the fair land that spreads beneath the slope 
Of the eternal hills, 
Where nothing dies, 
Where nothing fades, 
But all is without ending or d^cay." 

And now permit me again to congratulate you on the flourishing 
condition and continued prosperity of our Society. Our roll of mem- 



1880.] President Wilder s Address. 141 

bers is constantly increasing by the addition of distinguished anti- 
quaries and students of history in our own and other lands. The 
enlargement of our numbers increases the facilities for the prosecu- 
tion of our work. Our library is becoming daily more and more 
valuable by the accession of rare books, pamphlets, manuscripts, 
autograph letters and curious historic relics, many of them not to be 
found in other collections, which are moreover of great importance 
as illustrating the different epochs in the history of our country. 
Among those to be especially noticed are the Knox Manuscripts. 
This vast collection of original papers has been in the charge 
of a committee for arrangement, and more than fifty large folio 
volumes were some months ago completely filled, and the committee 
were prepared to report. Fortunately an addition of more than 
four hundred valuable manuscripts has been recently found and 
added to the collection. These have since been arranged, and 
the work having been completed, the committee will soon make their 
report to the Society. 

There is a steadily increasing interest in the specialties of the 
Society — local and family history, on which our hard-working 
Librarian, John Ward Dean, A.M., is bestowing particular atten- 
tion. This increasing interest is shown by a greater number of 
visitors from all parts of the land, who make use of our library, and 
also by the greater expense and labor which are bestowed upon books 
upon these subjects. The town histories and historical discourses 
recently published are more carefully prepared, more elegantly 
printed, and illustrated bv engravings of a higher order. The same 
may be said of family histories. A remarkable example is the 
K Whitney Family of Connecticut," by S. Whitney Phoenix, Esq., 
of Xew York city, a member of our Society. This is one of the most 
sumptuous genealogies yet issued in this country, md probably in 
any country. It makes three large quarto volumes of nearly one 
thousand pages each, and is printed in the highest style of the typo- 
graphic art. The whole edition of more than five hundred is 
intended by the author as presentation copies. 

I desire to notice especially "The Genealogies and Estates of 
Charlestown, Mass.," by Thomas Bellows Wyrnan, in two large vol- 
umes. This work is of peculiar interest to us ; first, because it was 
written by a member and former officer of our Society ; and second, 
as it introduces a new feature into town histories — the history of 
estates. Mr. Wyrnan for more than thirty years was most zealously 
engaged in collecting the materials for these volumes. lie died 
soon after he had commenced the work of printing ; but, fortunate- 
ly, the editorial labor was placed in the hands of our associate, Mr. 
Henry H. Edes, who is entitled to great praise for the good taste, 
sound judgment and critical care he has manifested in the perform- 
ance of his duty. Says Col. A. II. Ilovt, our member, these vol- 
umes "in extent and importance can properly be compared with 



142 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

only two other works of a similar character in New England, 
Savage's 'Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New 
England, 5 and Bond's ' Genealogies and History of Watertown.' " 

I think it proper also to mention the three Reports of the Boston 
Record Commissioners which have been published, and the fourth 
now in press, which is to contain the early records of Dorchester, 
This commission is the result of a petition from this Society, of 
January, 1875. The Commissioners are William H. Whitmore, 
A.]\]., and William S. Appleton, A.M., both of whom are members 
of this Society, and who are entitled to honorable notice for the able 
manner with which they have discharged the duties assigned them. 

The first annual meeting of the Society held in this House was in 
1872. The opinion was then entertained by the officers and our 
more active members, that this building would answer our purpose 
without enlargement for the period of twenty years. Eight years 
have now elapsed, and up to this time the progress in occupying all 
the rooms has been more rapid than could then have been reasonably 
anticipated. We have not yet utilized all our vacant space. But 
nevertheless there is but little left. And the question of enlarging 
our borders must soon occupy our serious attention. The rapid 
growth of our membership, the enlargement of our library by gift 
and by purchase, will in a short time render the acquisition of more 
room for the accommodation of our books indispensable. I do not 
here propose any plan for the accomplishment of this object. 
We own a space in the rear of this building, now unoccupied, 
which will enable us to make a very important addition to our 
present available room. Whether this or some other method of 
obtaining more room shall be adopted, is a matter that must 
soon be considered. I would therefore recommend that the directors 
at an early day take such measures as they ma/ deem advisable in the 
premises. And permit me to say that I doubt not, as prosperity now 
reigns with us again, we may have many among our eight hundred 
members and other liberal citizens who will be happy to aid us with 
contributions for so desirable an object, thus increasing our facil- 
ities for the prosecution of our work of preserving and perpetuating 
the memories of the past, and diffusing the principles of human 
right, justice and truth which have sustained cur government in all its 
trials, and must always be the supports of a free republic. May 
not these considerations induce our friends to make donations or 
bequests to our Society in the distribution of their wealth for be- 
nevolent objects. Especially let not the New England Historic, 
Genealogical Society be forgotten by our members, who will thus en- 
roll their names as benefactors to our cause, perpetuate the lineage of 
their families, live in the memory hereafter, and receive the gratitude 
of their descendants ; for, as Longfellow says, "Time has a Dooms- 
day book on which he is continually recording illustrious names." 

The llegister has been regularly and promptly published as for 



1880.] President Wilder 's Address. 143 

the last thirty-three years ; and it affords me great pleasure to 
state that it successfully pursues its noble work, and is worthily 
sustained by the patronage of the public. This is one of the most 
useful, valuable and interesting periodicals of our day, and is carry- 
ing out the designs of its benevolent founders in gathering up and 
preserving much that would otherwise be destroyed by the tooth of 
time. It is a storehouse in which is deposited a vast amount of his- 
torical and genealogical information. 

This publication is intended to contain not only all that can be 
1 known of our New England of the past, but what is of paramount 
importance it records from year to year, as from living lips, the most 
important events and transactions of our times. " It is," says a writer, 
"a thoroughly live periodical, and the organ of a live Society, and 
ought to circulate in every intelligent household." Another writes : 
" The volumes of the New England Historical and Genealogical Regis- 
ter are an honor to the hard working members of the Society, a mine 
of information which no student of history can afford to neglect." 
Says another : "I cannot let an opportunity pass without giving 
testimony to the inestimable value of the labors of the Society, and 
to the priceless worth of the treasures contained in the Register. " 

The Biographical and Genealogical Department of our Society ia 
constantly increasing, and becoming more an object of attraction. 
This is as it should be, and aifords a gratification that is duly appre- 
ciated by the public. Biography is the flower, the essence, of his- 
tory. The records of good men and their worthy deeds are the 
great incentives which control human action. 

To have no other record than the scrap of a newspaper, no other 
memorial than a gravestone, with perhaps only the initials of the 
christian name, with which to transmit to posterity the line of a use- 
ful and honored ancestry, is an unpardonoble omission of duty to 
the memory of those who have made us what we are. No. No. 
Let there be some "footprints on the sands of time," so that pos- 
terity may know from whence we came, what we have done to make 
the world better, what we have done to promote the progress of those 
principles which are to culminate in the perfection of our race. 

In this connection permit me to say, I give a most cordial greet- 
ing to the Boston Memorial Association, which has just been es- 
tablished for the further ornamentation of our Parks and Public 
grounds by memorial works of art, for the perpetuation of the 
memories of illustrious men and the record of memorable events, 
and I crave for it the generous support of all who feel an interest in 
the history and renown of the good city of Boston. 

The Boston Antiquarian Club, also just formed, has a similar 
object in some respects. It is intended to arouse an interest in the 
antiquities and history of Boston, and to preserve the records and 
memorials of its past. I commend this institution also to the public- 

During the past year we have added to our city ornamentations 
vol. xxxiv. 13* 



144 President Wilder' s Address. [-^P r il» 

a statue in front of City Hall, and another in Park Square, to both 
of which Ave give a hearty welcome. Welcome to that of Josi'ah 
Quincy, the patriot son of a patriot sire, the eminent and enter- 
prising magistrate, the wise counsellor, the energetic public servant, 
the honest man ! Welcome to the Emancipation Group, forever to 
remind the passer by that the foul blot of slavery lias been wiped 
from our national escutcheon never to appear again ! Welcome to 
the statue of Samuel Adams, the son of liberty, the hater of tyranny, 
the stern and inflexible patriot, that is soon to be erected in sight of 
Faneuil Hall, whose walls once resounded with the stirring eloquence 
of his patriotic words ! Welcome to those works of art which 
are hereafter to adorn our city as memorials of illustrious men T 
memorable events, great principles and great results, which shall 
contribute to the fame of Boston, the glory of our country, and the 
welfare of mankind ! 

Let the Arch of Triumph rise to commemorate the march of free- 
dom on these western shores. Let our market places, public squares 
and buildings be adorned with these memorials of genius, patriotism 
and philanthropy. Thus shall we cherish for generations to come the 
virtues and heroism of our fathers who laid the foundations of this 
republic, the men who laid down their lives for its defence, and the 
benefactors who planted our institutions, and the genius which has 
brought relief to suffering humanity. This will elevate the taste of 
the community, and move the heart to imitate such praiseworthy 
deeds and examples of moral worth. 

This subject has not, hitherto, sufficiently engaged the attention 
of the public, nor have we duly considered the mission of man on 
earth. How transcendantly sublime his position, exalted above all 
creatures, and for whom all nature labors ! How almost superhu- 
man his powers of mind ! How insatiable his thirst for knowledge, 
sounding the depths of science and philosophy, controlling the 
forces of nature, gathering up the issues of time, solving the proo- 
lem of life, yearning for an eternal existence beyond the grave ! 
Well was it said, "we touch heaven when we lay our hand on a 
human being." We cannot understand it, but this we know, he 
has a soul to exist through the ages of eternity. Truly may we say, 
in the words of Pope, "the proper study of mankind is man." 

There is a spirit in man capable of eternal progress ; resources 
infinite and inexhaustible are constantly inviting him to move on in 
his researches, until he shall have become master of ail elements, 
and have brought them into subjection to his will. 

I have spoken to you frequently of the importance of our genealo- 
gical researches in tracing out, recording, and transmitting to those 
who may follow us, the genealogy of our members, so that their 
descend.ints may perpetuate their line through coming time, with 
the names of those who have been blessings to the world. True 
we may find, in some instances, characters whose lives we would 



1880.] President W'ilder's Address. 145 

blood of the au- 
dio believe in the 



not imitate, but the general rule prevails that the blood of the an- 
: cestry tells on posterity. We are not of those w 
sentiment of the poet when he says, 

-" Thy ancient but ignoble blood 

Has coursed through scoundrels ever since the flood." 

Let us treasure up the bright examples of worth which have made 
our country what it is. The genealogical as well as the biographical 
department of our Society is in fact becoming more interesting and 
useful every year, and is daily giving assistance to those engaged in 
these researches. These sources will aid us in the preparation of 
our Memorial Volumes, furnish important information, and enable 
the Society henceforth to record correct sketches of the lives and 
characters of deceased members, that posterity may avail themselves 
from authentic resources of information on which they can depend. 

In my last address I referred to the biographies of deceased mem- 
bers, to be printed at the charge of the Towne Memorial Fund, the 
first volume of which was then in preparation under the charge of a 
committee appointed for the purpose, with J. Gardner White, A.M., 
as Secretary. Though the printing of the work has only recently 
commenced, there has been no unnecessary delay. The committee 
have found it difficult to obtain information with regard to some of 
the early deceased members of the Society, because of the lapse of 
time during which their contemporaries have died, rendering it diffi- 
cult for anything more than the barest statistics to be found. Fail- 
ure of some of the writers to produce the promised memoir, caused 
in some cases by death or illness, in others by inability to obtain 
expected information, has hindered tiie publication : but the com- 
mittee have begun to print, and the work will go forward as steadily 
and vigor* usly as possible. The work will be furnished to members 
at a small discount from the actual cost, so that any member who 
chooses can be benefited by the fund. Those who wish to sub- 
scribe for copies are advised to hand their names to the secretary, as 
the money received for this volume will be added to the income of 
the fund, and used in defraying the cost of a second volume. 

Few are fully aware of the importance of history in recording 

events as they transpire, or of its influence in promoting the welfare 

of mankind. Living as we do in this world of wonders, witnessing 
■ ... ® 

the mighty events which are shaping its destiny, and which are to cul- 
minate in the greatest good for the human race, is it not marvellous 
that there has been so little interest in this most delightful and useful 
study? Gratifying as is the interest now manifested in historical 
research, we ought not to stop here. Why should not all our cities 
and populous towns have their historical societies? They would be 
valuable adjuncts to the town libraries, would imbue our young 
people with a love of history, and give them the knowledge which 
all should possess of their country and kin. I commend this 



146 President Wilder 1 s Address. [April, 

subject to the consideration of the public generally. History is the 
mirror in which we may see the form and features of the past, the 
monitor of irood for the future. History is one of the choicest 
blessings of civilization. It strengthens local attachments, promotes 
the love of kindred and home, opens the heart to sympathy and 
moral influences, widens the range of thought and ministers to the 
happiness and advancement of our race ; in a word, it conveys one of 
the most refined and pure pleasures that the human mind can enjoy, 
furnishing illustrations worthy of imitation through all time. 

" There is a history in all men's lives, 
Figuring the nature of the times deceased, 
The which observed, a man may prophesy 
With a near aim of the chance of things 
As yet not come to life. * * * * *" 

And when the battle of life is on the wane, how its voices still 
charm us with bright examples of virtue, patriotism, philanthropy 
and renown ! How consoling the reflection that when we shali have 
passed off the stage of existence, there may be a record of us left 
on earth ! 

I rejoice most heartily in the increased interest now manifested 
in the study of history, and especially that which relates to our own 
ancestry and country. The discovery of this western hemisphere 
was indeed a momentous event ! In the words of Mr. Everett, 
" Another world ! twin sister of the ancient world, a boundless thea- 
tre for human enjoyment and action, with a population animated by a 
higher spirit of humanity to be reproduced and perfected in the west." 

When the Scandinavians, Leif and Thorwald, moored their little 
ships on our northern shores, they were the precursors of this great 
event. When Christopher Columbus dropped his anchors in our 
tropical sea, it was an unparalleled epoch in the history of the world : 
but the landing of our Pilgrim Fathers on Plymouth Rock, guided 
by the star of empire like that which stood over Bethlehem, 
O, memorable deed ! there to promote the grandest extension of 
human rights and of Christian civilization that mankind has ever 
witnessed — there to erect a living monument whose summit should 
overlook the world, and whose every side should proclaim in solemn 
eloquence to the end of time, Freedom of Conscience, Equal 
Eights and Good Will to Man ; the Shekinah of the future 
greatness and glory of our blessed land : — 

11 The hope and home of Liberty." 

How astonishing the influences which have resulted from this event, 
and its consequent bearings on the welfare of the human race — in- 
fluences which have swayed the fate of nations, and which will con- 
tinue to light up the dark corners of the earth with the blessings of 
our free institutions, while religion and philanthropy shall have a 
place in the heart of man ! Look, for instance, at the influence of 



1880.] President Wilder's Address, 147 

our western civilization on the empire of Japan, a nation whose 
origin and early history are involved in obscurity. It is only about 
twenty-five years since Commodore Perry anchored his squadron 
in the Bay of Yeddo to negotiate a treaty with its government. 
It is but a few years since Japan, with a population three-fourths 
as large as that of the United States, became intimately associated 
with us. Until this time she was considered as a far-off nation, 
almost an isolated land, veiled in mystery, one of the most unknown 
and inaccessible countries of the world. Now, by the wonderful 
achievements of science and the golden ties of commercial inter- 
course, she is brought within eighteen days of our shores, and is 
eager to embrace everything in science, literature, religion and civil 
polity that may contribute to the happiness of her people and the 
elevation of the nation ; and it is not too much to say that no oriental 
race possesses such eminentcnpacity or a greater desire for improvement, 
and whatever opinions may be entertained in regard to Americaniz- 
ing Japan, there can be no doubt that the government and the most 
enlightened portion of the population desire to avail themselves 
of our civilization. The marvellous waking up of this people and 
their desire to keep abreast with the times, and to avail themselves of 
the benefits of western civilization, constitute one of the most remarka- 
ble phenomena in modern history. Said Mr. Mori, her represen- 
tative to the united States and late envoy to China, now to England, 
"The march of modern civilization in Japan has already reached the 
heart of the nation ; the English language following suppresses the 
use both of the Japanese and Chinese. Our intelligent race are 
eager to grasp the principal truths from the precious treasury of 
western science and art and religion. Our meagre language is 
doomed to yield to the domination of the English tongue.'' Japan 
already boasts of her institutions, modelled on our example, and is 
making large appropriations for the promotion of educational and 
industrial interests. "It is education/' said Mr. Mori to me on his 
first visit to Boston, "it is education that makes a people great and 
powerful, and I look to the institutions of New England as an illus- 
tration of what may be done in Japan/' Actuated by these influences 
Japan is rising, and will we believe ultimately take her place among 
the enlightened nations of the earth. Fortunate was it for his 
country that Mr. Mori came to New England for information. 
Fortunate, indeed, that he consulted such men as Presidents 
Woolsey, Stearns, Hopkins, Eliot, McCosh and Seelye, Secre- 
tary Boutwell, and Professors Henry, Murray and Northrup, 
as to the elements which have made our nation so prosperous 
and powerful, all uniting in the opinion that civil and religious 
freedom, free schools and Christianity were the foundation stones on 
which this republic has been reared. Japan has -already erected an 
Agricultural College at Sapparo, built and put in operation under 
tlie supervision of President Clarke of our own college, over which, 



148 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

by order of the Mikado, he installed a President and three Profes- 
sors, all .graduates of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. She 
has a large experimental farm, the superintendent of which is also a 
graduate of our Agricultural College, where have been introduced 
the best products and implements of the United States. The desire 
for agricultural improvement has for some time been a noticeable 
feature, the mayor of Yeddo having informed me several years since 
that he had large orchards devoted especially to the cultivation of our 
American fruits. So the leaven works ; both Japan and China have 
sent their sons in large numbers to be educated in our institutions, 
and, were it not for the opposition and persecution manifested in 
some quarters of our country to the Chinese, we should have more 
of them. The subject of erecting an Agricultural College in 
China is seriously contemplated, and I doubt not that before many 
years the work will be accomplished. 

It is general education that has raised our country to its present 
elevated position in the eves of the world, and history will continue 
to repeat this lesson. How aptly did our old friend Thomas Greene 
Fessenden, fifty years ago, poetize this sentiment. 

" Survey the globe through every zone, 

From Lima to Japau, 

In lineaments of light 'tis shown 

That culture makes the man. 

The best man has, had, hopes, can have, 

Past, promised or possessed, 

Are fruits which culture gives or gave 

At intellect's behest." 

If such are the influences of civil and religious freedom, of free 
schools, free thought and free worship, what may we not reasonably 
lo)k forward to in the future? How comparatively recent the arrival 
oi the Mayflower, a period not three times as long as the lives of 
some who are still living — and how amazing the results which have 
followed the immigration of this little band to our wild New England 
shores ! How marvellous the progress of improvement since the 
settlement of our country scarcely two hundred and sixty years ago ! 
What a magnificent, almost inconceivable advance, should the future 
be commensurate with the past ! and yet we have no reason to doubt 
that it may not be more astonishing when the inspired gospel of 
science and civilization shall have accomplished their mission on 
earth. When I reflect on the feeble condition of these colonists, 
and contrast it with the magnitude, wealth and resources of our 
country at the present time, I am led to exclaim, Verily, Plymouth 
Rock is the grandest monument the world contains ! 

We have much to learn of the early history of our country ; but 
the investigations of our historical students will ultimately bring to 
light all that can be known, and henceforth we trust we shall be 
able to preserve in our archives a correct record of important events, 
discoveries and acquisitions, so that every honored name, every 



1880.] 



President Wilder s Address. 



149 



sacred spot and every memorable deed may be remembered and 
cherished in the history of our land. 

A very wide field for research is open to us in the old 
world, whose cities, temples, monuments and works of art, buried 
and unburied, are affording, through the reports of modern explorers 
and travellers, important information in regard to the people, customs 
and refinements of nations whose records have been long lost, and of 
which we have known but little heretofore. Among these, the dis- 
coveries in Cambodia, to which I alluded in my last, are of the most 
remarkable character. Says Mr* Vincent, a late traveller, "Nothing 
has occurred so startling, or which has thrown so much light on Eastern 
art, as the discovery by Mohout and Bastian of the ruined cities of 
Cambodia — cities containing palaces and temples as splendid and 
stupendous as any in Egypt, Greece or Rome," and that beyond a 
few fabulous records and legends of the Chinese, there is no authen- 
tic narrative relative to this once powerful but now degraded country 
— once so powerful, it is said, that its army contained 70,000 war 
elephants, 200,000 horsemen and GOO, 000 foot soldiers, and to 
whom twenty kings paid tribute. One of its temples, Nagkon "Wat, 
in the city of Angkor, although it follows neither Egyptian, Assyrian, 
Greek or Saracenic architecture, in style, beauty, solidity of con- 
struction, elaborate sculpture and painting, has no superior, nor 
any rival standing at the present day. The first view of it was 
almost overwhelming. Think of a temple b00 feet long, 600 wide, 
with its central pagoda rising to the height of 250 feet, its corridors and 
halls supported with more than 1500 huge columns, each a monolith 
or single piece of stone, its walls sculptured with more than 100,000 
separate figures, and its gallery of sculptures with over half a mile 
of continuous pictures cut in low relief — and you will have an idea 
of Nagkon Wat temple of Budha. But who built this magnificent 
temple? Was it some of the lost tribes of Israel, as suggested by 
Mohout? Was it built 1000 years before Christ, as some suppose, 
or some years after his advent? And where are the descendants of 
this once highly polished people, who had the genius to design and 
the skill to erect such a structure, and of which there is no credible 
tradition ? These are questions that remain to be answered ; but it 
is believed that these mysteries will ere long be solved, and throw 
much light on the history of those days. The natives themselves 
can give no information upon the subject, one replying, "It must 
either have sprung up from the ground, or been built by giants or 
perhaps by angels." Of this old city of Angkor, two and a half 
miles long and two and a quarter miles broad, he says it is sur- 
rounded by three walls, the outer one twenty feet high and ten feet 
broad. This was known to a Portuguese historian in 1600, but was 
lost sight of from that time to I860, two hundred and sixty years, 
when it was again brought to notice by our modern discoverers, as 
though it had never been heard of before. Kuins of other cities, 



150 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

temples, monuments, palaces and statuary, of great beauty and 
Interest, with inscriptions and language which no philologist can 
decipher, arc to be found through the whole valley of Makong river, 
to the very borders of China, many of which, exterior and interior, 
have been taken possession of by the roots of trees, while the shrubs 
and wild grass form a jungle in the court yards where once the proud 
monarehs of that land revelled in pomp and luxury. "A richer 
field," says Mr. Vincent, rr for Oriental research nowhere exists than 
in Cambodia." 

We have much to learn in regard to the history of this western 
hemisphere. Thanks to the enterprise of our modern explorers, the 
investigations of scientists and archaeologists, sustained by the patron- 
age of enlightened nations, we are constantly receiving information 
which will settle satisfactorily many questions which have hitherto 
perplexed us. The explorations on this continent are attracting the 
renewed attention of the world ; the magnificent architectural remains 
in Sooth America, in Mexico and in Yucatan, supposed by learned 
writers to be the cradle of the world's civilization on this continent, 
and whose ancient cities possess public buildings, monuments and 
architectural remains that would compare favorably with those of 
Greece or Rome — together with those in North America, especially 
the villages, buildings, towers and ancient ruins left by the Clifi- 
dwellcrs in the canyons of the Colorado, Montezuma and the Mancos, 
built on the verge of yawning chasms, five hundred feet to one 
thousand feet above the bottom, sonic of which measure from two 
hundred to four hundred feet in circumference — the vast number 
of Mounds from Yucatan and Mexico on through the valleys of 
Tennessee, Ohio and Mississippi, and west of the Rocky mountains 
to Oregon and Washington, some of which measure from 400 to 
1200 feet in circumference, and from 20 to 90 feet in height, 
with structures, sepulchres, human remains and household utensils 
within, and with broad plateaus and huge forest trees on the top, 
containing one or more acres, supposed to have been prepared for 
temples, are wonders indeed. They are no longer mythical and 
fabulous, but are well authenticated matters of history. TV' here 
these people came from, and whither they have gone, or whether 
they were preceded by any other races in the United States, is not 
yet positively known. These and the relics left by them, together 
with researches in regard to the civilization of the Mayas, the Naiiuas, 
the Pueblos, and other races that once inhabited our vast continent 
thousands of years perhaps before modern civilization reached our 
Atlantic shores, are subjects which may well command a strong 
interest with the students of history ; and, although science may 
never be able to determine how Ions: man may have inhabited this 
continent, these rescarch.es are constantly adding to our knowledge 
of long by-gone centuries. 

Among these, especially to be noticed, are the recent explorations 















. 























1880.] President Wtlder's Address. 151 

at Chiclien Itza, in Yucatan, by Dr. Le Plongeon, to whom I 
alluded lust year, whose original memoirs were presented to the 
American Antiquarian Society by his friend, Mr. Stephen Salis- 
bury, Jr., of Worcester, by whom they were published. These 
are of the most interesting character, and contain photographs and 
drawings made on the ground at Chiclien Itza and other places, of 
temples, palaces, monuments, columns, statues and inscriptions of 
rare interest : among which is the photograph of the famous statue of 
Chaae-Mol, one of the greatest of the Itza monarchs, which Dr. Le 
Plongeon found buried in the earth at some distance from the palace, 
and intended to bring to the United States, but was intercepted by 
the Mexican government, who removed it, with considerable display 
on its way, to the city of Mexico, where it may now be seen in the 
Musco National de Mexico. Of the memoirs of Dr. Le Plongeon, 
Professor Short, author of r * The North Americans of Antiquity," 
a most useful book embracing an account of the discoveries and 
opinions of the most eminent explorers and learned archaeologists, 
from Stephens down to the present time, thus speaks: "In these 
pages we are impressed with the fact that the darkness which so 
long enveloped the antiquity of Yucatan is soon to be displaced by 
the noonday of scientific investigation." 

During the last year one of our members has published a tract, 
which I have read with great interest. It covers a new field of 
inquiry, and in my opinion is of peculiar historical importance. 
W ithin the last twenty years, several hundred copper implements, 
of a pre-historic character, have been discovered in the territory 
lying more or less directly upon the borders of Lake Superior. They 
were evidently constructed from the native copper found so exclu- 
sively in that region. The opinion of the archaeologists has not been 
clear as to who were the makers of these implements. Some have 
supposed that they were not made by the American Indian found here 
on the first arrival of Europeans, but by a superior race, in an ad- 
vanced stage of civilization, antedating the Indian by some hundreds 
of years. The Rev. Mr. Shifter, the author of the tract to which I 
have referred, has shown, by a critical survey of the reports of the 
early voyagers to our Atlantic coast and the lake region, both 
French and English, particularly the former, that these implements 
were fabricated by the Indians, and were in use by them when 
they were first visited by Europeans. Our thanks are due to the 
author of this tract for his careful investigation, and the publication 
in an English translation of the passages from the early voyages of 
the French, settling a question of so much interest to the antiquary 
and the historian. 

Without discussing at length, the time when man first appeared on 

this continent — whether he was a descendant of Noah, Shem, Ham, 

or ot the Jews as different archaeologists are attempting to prove, or 

from whence he came — whether our New World is as old as Dr. 

VOL. xxxtv. 14 



152 President Wilder's Address. [April, 

Hitchcock and Prof. Agassiz supposed it might be from their exa- 
mination of tertiary remains, alluvial deposits and fragmentary bones, 
say from 14,000 to 35.000 years, or as some archaeologists believe 
of still greater age- — we leave to those who prefer the Old to the New. 
Suffice it to say that, from the investigations of explorers, scientists, 
and linguists, the opinion prevails that our continent may be coeval 
with the old world, and have, at a very early period, received its 
population from it, that it may have been inhabited thousands of 
years before the Northmen or Columbus reached our shores, that its 
people were not indigenous on our soil, or the result of evolution 
from a lower order of creation. 

Highly interesting, instructive and valuable as these developments 
are to the consecutive history of the world, we confess to a partiality 
for the history of our own nation, and especially the record of the 
wonderful achievements of our age in which New England has par- 
ticipated so conspicuously. Had we been told fifty years ago that 
we should cross the Atlantic in nine days, leap our continent to the 
Pacific in a less period of time, that we should send the lightning 
with our messages around the idobe, and stranger still that we 

o o o 

ehould converse audibly at the distance of hundreds or thousands of 
miles, we should have thought it as impossible as to have talked 
with the inhabitants of the moon. How marvellous these acquisi- 
tions, this conquest of mind over matter ! Even before the inventor 
has closed the rivets of his new machine, he hears the click of 
another lending him on to still greater advances. These, however, 
we believe, are only the initiatives of equally astonishing develop- 
ments to come hereafter — the scintillations of those irreat lights of 
science which, like the light of divine revelation, are to illumine the 
world, and guide us on toward the ineffable perfection of Him who 
is the source of all light, and who said in the beginning, "Let there 
be lisrlit ! " and there was light. 

And now a few words more in relation to our own country, and I 
will bring this address to a close. 

I have heretofore, with few exceptions, confined my addresses to 
the business operations of our Society ; but I deem it proper, as a 
historical fact, to record the return of prosperity throughout our 
land. Years of depression and depreciation of values have sorely 
afflicted us. These were the natural results consequent upon the 
late civil war, the greatest known in history, and the necessary delay 
in the resumption of specie payments. But now that our government 
redeems her pledges in coin, the confidence of our people is restored, 
the dark forebodings of the future are gone, and the hum of indus- 
try and rejoicing are heard from one end of our land to the other, 
in the bright anticipations of the future. 

Our country was never in a more promising condition. Our vast 



!1880.] President Wilder 's Address. 153 

fields cf the west and south are producing more and more abundant- 
ly, the genius of our industries is successfully competing with the 
skill of the world, our products are in demand for foreign supplies, 
and the balance of trade is hundreds of millions of dollars in our 
favor on the national ledger. This is the land in which we live, a 
land teeming with mines, grains, textile fibres and fertile soils, a 
land producing almost all the products of the habitable globe, a 
land where want is scarcely known, whose granaries are treasure- 
houses upon which the world may draw, and to whose enterprise, 
growth and influence none dares to fix limits. 

From such a history as the past, may we not reasonably look 
forward to the future with unbounded hopes of future greatness. 
True, our country has passed through conflicts, crises, revulsions 
and the terrible ordeal of the greatest civil war on record, events 
which would have shaken the kingdoms of the old world to their 
very centre, but like the fabled bird rising from the flames un- 
harmed, she has come out of the fire soaring triumphantly in the 
firmament of progress and power. And we fondly hope she is to 
go on still to prosper, in all that makes a nation great and glorious, 
until our whole continent may be covered with free and happy 
States, bound together under a republican government in an 
Imperial Union that never can be broken. 

" A union of lakes and a union of lands, 
A union that none can sever, 
A union of hearts and a union of hands, 
And the fla^ of our Union forever." 

Speaking of this country, said Dean Stanley, cr It is a part of history 
of which, for whatever reason, Englishmen are strangely ignorant 
until their imagination has been touched by the actual sight of that 
vast continent, with its inspirations, suggestions, .*.nd recollections. 
W r e feel that we are in the presence of one of those constellations 
which mark only those great creative epochs in the history of na- 
tions. Certain it is, from very early time a sense of a vast and mys- 
terious destiny unfolding in a distant future, has taken possession 
of the minds both of Americans and Englishmen. " And again, 
when looking upon the tumultuous, foaming waters of Niagara 
below and the brilliant sky-ascending spray above, he. says : "That 
silver column glittering in the moonlight, seemed an intake of the 
future of American history — of the upward heaven-aspiring destiny 
which should emerge from the distractions of the present." 

So may it be ! So may our blessed country continue to prosper, 
rising still higher in the scale of human excellence, of wealth, pow- 
er and virtue ! And could we with prophetic vision pierce the veil 
which shuts out the future, mcthinks we might see a white-robed 
throng, with out-spread wings, beckoning us forward and pointing 
our the path? to Immortal Renown. O my country ! Let thy broad 
pennant forever wave iu peace throughout our borders. Let thy 



154 Who is a Gentleman f [April, 

proud argosies of commerce whiten every sea, and let thy sons and 
daughters £0 forth with the o-lad news of freedom and salvation 
to the advancing millions that are to inhabit this land. 

O my country, my country ! a glorious destiny awaits thee ! The 
past is but the harbinger of still greater results in the future. Go on 
prospering and to prosper, until the song of jubilee shall arise in 
peans of praise from every tongue, people and nation to Him who 
brought our fathers to these shores and made us Free. 



WHO IS A GENTLEMAN? 

By John D. Champlix, Jr., A.M., of New York City. 

THE word gentleman is the united coinage of Norman and of Sax- 
on mints. It is the Anglo-Norman form of the Norman-French 
gentishomme or genii'homme, the Saxon mon or man having taken 
the place of its equivalent homme. Gentiluomme, which came into 
England with the Norman conquest, appears in various forms in the 
early French ordinances. In the " Coutumes de Paris " it is divid- 
ed, as gentis homme; in the early English statutes we find gentile 
homme and geutilehome. It was not long in acquiring its Saxon 
termination ; Robert de Bourne wrote gentille-man, and Chaucer 
gentilman. 

Gentilhomme and its Italian and Spanish equivalents, gentilu- 
omo and gentilhombre, have a common etymological origin, all be- 
ing derivatives of the Latin gentilis homo, a phrase which in this 
comieetion has been variously explained. 

Gibbon inclines to the opinion that gentilis comes to us in the 
sense of the civilians, who regard it as the equivalent of ingenuus, de- 
riving it from gens in its radical signification of kin, hence a collec- 
tion of kin, a clan. Cicero says, in the words of the Pontifex Sca?- 
vola : "They are gentiles who bear the same name, who are sprung 
from freemen, none of whose ancestors were slaves, and who have 
never been politically degraded (capite deminuti)." Gentilis, 
used substantively, means primarily a relation or kinsman. Festus 
says that "he is called gentilis who is sprung from the same stuck 
and who bears the same name"; and, quoting Cinnius, " they are 
my gentiles who are called by my name." Whatever modification 
the Koman gens underwent in the course of time, it consisted origin- 
ally of an aggregation of patrician families of the same name, united 
by ties of kindred and by certain political and religious affinities. 
In some respects the Scotch clan bears a close resemblance to it. An 
hereditary nobility gradually arose from the gentes, the members of 
which were called homines gentiles, men of family, who were noble 
from the fact of their descent. Gentilis, thus become synonymous 



1880.] Who is a Gentleman 9 155 

with nobtlis, was adopted, with slight modifications, say tlie advo- 
cates of this theory, by the different nations that grew up on the 
ruins of the Western Empire, and was applied to those honorable 
by descent or by position. 

Dr. Johnson observes that any derivation of gentleman other than 
this "seems to be whimsical." Tyrwhitt and Morin express a simi- 
lar opinion. Barrington, in his w Observations on Ancient Stat- 
utes," suggests that gent II homme anciently marked the distinction 
between the simple homme, or man with but one name (such as 
John or Thomas), and him who bore a surname, or family name, 
derived from a gens. A statute of Edward III., 1360, would seem 
to admit of such a deduction. 

But Pasquier thinks that we must look for the origin of both gen- 
tleman and esquire in the names of certain military regiments or com- 
panies of the times of Julian the Apostate and of the emperors imme- 
diately succeeding him, known respectively as Gentile3 and Scutarii. 
These organizations were thus named, doubtless, in accordance with 
Roman usage, on account of some distinguishing peculiarity, the 
Scutarii because they were armed with the scutum or buckler, the 
Gentiles because they, or the most of them, were gentiles in the 
sense of not Romans. Another body was called Sagittarii, the 
Archers ; others, from their nativity, Bavarii and Arcades. The 
Gentiles and Scutarii, who seem to have acted as a Praetorian or 
Imperial Guard, are mentioned frequently by Ammianus Mareelli- 
nus, as having been particularly noted for valor. The Gauls, says 
Pasquier, observing that they were favored above their comrades, 
and received the best appointments of all the Roman soldiers on the 
borders of the provinces, became accustomed insensibly to apply the 
same names, gentil homines and escuyers, to those to whom their 
kings gave the best positions. But Menage finds no probability in 
this " fantasy," and Selden cannot believe that so small a body as 
a company or a regiment could propagate so universally through the 
provincial tongues such a name for all that were nobilis. 

Menage sees some probability in the conjecture that the word 
comes from gentil is in the ecclesiastical sense of pagan or one not 
a Christian. Gaul had been christianized before the Eranks subju- 
jugated it, and the ancient inhabitants, through disdain or jealousy 
of their conquerors, who appropriated all the seigneuries and fran- 
chises, called them gentiles or gentilshommes, as being only hea- 
then. The fact that paynemerye, paganry, occurs occasionally, in 
glosses of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, in the sense of 
gentHitas, would seem to give 6ome slight show of plausibility to 
this derivation. 

A fourth opinion which, 6ays the "Encyclopedic Methodique," 
seems to rest on the best foundation, is that the term is derived 
from the same Latin word in the sense of M those devoted to the ser- 
vice of the state {les gens devoue aic service de Vctat), as the 

VOL. XXXIV. 14* 



156 Who is a Gentleman ? [April, 

Franks sometimes were, whence is sprung our chief nobility. Taci- 
tus, speaking of the Gauls, says that the companions of the prince 
do not take part in public affairs until they have embraced the pro- 
fession of arms ; that the military dress is for them the manly habit ; 
and that they are then no longer members of particular families, but 
belong to the country and the nation, of which they become the mem- 
bers and defenders." The " Cyclopedie du XlXrne Siecle " gives 
the same derivation. 

But there is still another sense in which gent His homo was used 
by the Romans, which gives us, Selden believes, the true etymology 
of the mediaeval gentil-homme. The Latin gens acquired in time 
the secondary signification of a nation. It was used indefinitely at 
first, but in the early centuries of the christian era it gradually 
took a new shade of meaning, and was applied to barbarian and un- 
civilized peoples only. On the decline of the Empire, when Scy- 
thians, Sclavonians and Germans were inundating Europe, gentes 
became a svnonvm of barbari. and was o-lven as a generic term to 
all nations not Greeks nor Romans. Gent tils or gent His homo was 
used to designate an individual barbarian, and its plural gentiles a 
number collectively. 

The several legal codes of the period show that the term was used 
very generally in this sense. Among the laws of Yalentinian and 
Valens is one, r de nuptiis gentilium" concerning the marriages 
of gentiles, in which gentilis and barbarus occur synonymously. 
In the Theodosian Code, too, these words are used interchangeably. 
Godefroi, in his commentary on the latter code, says that the gen- 
tiles referred to in this law were barbarians who were living under 
Roman jurisdiction and were acting as their allies. Roman citizens 
living in the provinces were called provinciates and were on an 
equal footing with other Romans. Marriages between them and 
gentiles or barbarians were forbidden. Godefroi again, quoting 
Ambrosius, says : ' f The warlike Gothic soldiers in the train of the 
Emperor Yalentinian were called Gentiles." This has reference, 
doubtless, to the military organization mentioned by Ammianus, 
which took its name from the fact that its members were gentiles or 
barbari. 

On the overthrow of the Empire, the Romans were forced to take 
the humiliating position of a conquered people, and were treated as 
an inferior race by the barbarians who had dispossessed them. They 
•were not permitted to bear arms, were burdened with heavy taxes, 
and were subjected to many legal and political disabilities. They 
were not even judged by the same laws, but were held amenable to 
the Roman statutes, while the Gentiles were subject to none but their 
own codes. The barbarian codes, although not compiled until the 
seventh or eighth centuries, are a reflection of the preceding ages, 
and exhibit curiously the spirit of the times. The relative condi- 
tion of the conquerors and the conquered is well illustrated hy the 



1880.] Who is a Gentleman ? 157 

money valuation put on the life and personal liberty of each. By 
the code of the Eipuarian Franks, a Ripuarian was fined two hun- 
dred solidi for the crime of slaying a stranger Frank ; one hundred 
and sixty solidi for a stranger Burgundian, German, Frizian, Ba- 
varian, or Saxon ; but for the homicide of a stranger Roman he 
; was mulcted only one hundred solidi. By the Salic law, if any 
1 Roman put a Frank in bonds without cause, he was fined thirty 
! solidi ; but a Frank who committed a similar offence against the 
' ; liberty of a Roman was fined but fifteen solidi. If a Roman robbed 
a Frank, the penalty was sixty-two solidi ; but a Frank could rob 
a Roman at a cost of thirty solidi. By the same code, if any one 
killed a free born Frank or a Barbarian, the penalty was two hun- 
I dred solidi ; but if any one slew a K tributary Roman," the fine was 
j only forty-five solidi. " So change the fortunes of the highest and 
the lowest," remarks an ancient commentator. 

So great, indeed, was the contrast between the Gentilis and the 
Roman, and so superior in every respect was the liberty enjoyed by 
I the former, that many of the Romans chose, says Selden, rather to 
! be of their condition, though poor, than to live in a wealthy subju- 
1 gation that was so like a servitude. The very name of Roman fell 
into disrepute, observes Mezeray, and the term gentilis, once ap- 
plied in a somewhat scornful sense to the barbarians, was accepted 
by them as an honorable appellation serving to distinguish them and 
their posterity from the debased Romans whom they had learned to 
despise. In time the word, thus raised from humiliation into honor, 
acquired still a new meaning, not far removed from its original 
sense, and became the synonym of nobilis and of generosus. 

Gibbon, as before remarked, expresses an opinion in favor of the 
first derivation (from gent His in the sense of ingenuux) , believing it to 
be "more pure as well as probable." The weight oJ evidence, how- 
ever, seems to be with the last, to which Selden inclines. Gibbon 
errs in regarding the question from an etymological rather than from 
an historical standpoint, thus confounding the acquired meaning of 
the title with the circumstance of its origin. There ought to be no 
dispute concerning the etymology of gentilkomme. It comes to us, 
from whatever source we derive it, in the sense of one noble by 
origin. The only debatable question then is : through the concur- 
rence of what historical events did it reach this meaning? if we 
accept the theory that the gentleman is the modern representation of 
the Roman gens, we must believe that the barbarians adopted from 
the vanquished a title and a name for their men of rank. Their codes 
prove that this was not their usage. On the contrary they seem to 
have been very tenacious of their indigenous titles, civil, military 
and judicial. While the text of their laws is in Latin, words denot- 
ing rank or position and terms connected with the tenure and con- 
veyance of land are generally in the respective languages of the 
races framing the codes. 



158 How to write Town Histories. [April, 

Further, granting that one of the nations that grew up on the 
ruins of the Empire may have adopted the Latin title, it is difficult 
to believe that all, Goths and Lombards as well as Franks, did so 
at about the same time and under similar circumstances ; yet we 
find the equivalent of gentilhomme in all the Romance languages. 

Lastly, if Gibbon's theory be true, the title would have been ap- 
plied from the beginning to a class only, whereas the contrary is 
the fact. In the Roman laws gentilis was used to designate all 
barbarians under Roman jurisdiction. It w T as not until after the fall 
of the Western Empire, when it became a term serving to mark 
the distinction between victor and vanquished, that it grew gradually 
into a title of honor. 

Indeed, to account for so general an adaptation of a foreign title, 
we must presuppose some moving cause more potent than the fact 
that the Romans had used it previously. This moving cause is 
found in a circumstance common to all the peoples who succeeded 
to the Roman inheritance, — that they were called gentiles in the 
sense of being not Romans, a distinction which gathered new sig- 
nificance as the name of Roman fell into disrepute. It is far more 
reasonable to suppose that the title originated from such a sense of 
the word, which was in general use, than from one of only limited 
application. This opinion is strengthened by the facts that franc- 
homme, a Erank-man or freeman, and gentilhomme were some- 
times used synonymously ; and that hidalgo, in one sense the Span- 
ish equivalent of gentilhombre, is probably a derivation of hijo 
d'Algoda, literally the son of a Goth. 

Hence, as any Frank or any Goth, in short any barbarian, was a 
gentilis homo or gentleman in the beginning, the term in its most 
radical sense is properly applied only to a descendant of the gentile 
conquerors of the Roman Empire. As this sense of the word was 
the result of the peculiar relations existing between victors and van- 
quished, so its secondary signification, well-born, was its natural and 
inevitable sequence, under a feudal polity. 

Its modern conventional meaning of well-bred or well-mannered, 
is the growth of a society born of a higher civilization. 



HOW TO WRITE TOWN HISTORIES. 

By the Hon. Charles Hudson, A.M., of Lexington, Mass. 

T must be gratifying to every lover of his country, to witness 
the growing interest which is taken in the knowledge of its early 
history ; and of the manners and customs — the habits and objects — 
and in a word, the character of those who first planted these colo- 
nies. The publication of local or town histories is well calculated 
to bring to light and to perpetuate a knowledge of these facts. In 



i 



1880.] How to write Toivn Histories. 159 

these little municipalities the seeds of our present growth and pros- 
perity were sown ; and here those principles of equal rights and self- 
government were exhibited in practice, which have made us a free 
people. 

A town history, if it be judiciously compiled, will supply the de- 
mand of the public. While every town is a little community by it- 
self, having its own wants and habits, it is, at the same time, a con- 
stituent part of the county, state and nation ; and if its history be 
properly written, it will give the local events in the town, and at the 
same time mention the connection of the town with the county and 
state ; and the bearing, if there be any, which any local occurrence 
may have upon the public at large. Both of these objects should 
be kept constantly in view by the town historian — the annals of the 
town, and the connection of the events with general history. No 
history of Danvers, for example, would be complete, which did not 
mention that strange delusion, witchcraft ; and state that this de- 
lusion prevailed more or less at that period among the civilized na- 
tions of Europe. Xo history of Charlestown would be regarded as 
wise, which omitted the events of the 17th of June, 1775 ; or of 
Lexington or Concord, which did not treat of the events of the 19th 
of April of the same year. Several towns were destroyed by the 
Indians in king Philip's war, and the settlements broken up ; and a 
historian of any of these towns would be short-sighted, who did not 
make these events a part of his narrative. Nor should either of 
these events be presented simply as the annals of that particular 
locality. They should be treated of as events which concerned the 
people at large, and should be regarded as a part of the nation's 
history. Many of our towns furnish a germ of biography, which 
may well connect it with the state. These remarks will apply more 
particularly to the original and early settled towns , though many 
places, like Lowell and Lawrence, by their manufactures have ac- 
quired for themselves a national character. The general positions 
taken above are so obviously sound, that all reflecting men, we should 
suppose, would readily endorse them. A history of the town of Ply- 
mouth, which should describe the country in and near the principal 
village as somewhat uneven and rather romantic, having a rocky bluff 
extending to high water mark, and terminating in a large boulder, 
which has been partially removed, might be regarded as substan- 
tially correct ; but if it should omit to mention that great national 
event — the landing of the Pilgrims there, and the founding of an 
English colony, it would be regarded as a burlesque upon history. 

And yet we see histories of towns published from time to time, 
which would represent the town as a mere isolated community, hav- 
ing no public character of its own ; and having no particular con- 
nection with any other and larger organization. Within a few 
months I have read the histories of three large and important towns 
in the cominon,weakh, which contained much bformation, .mil many 



160 How to write Town Histories. [April, 

interesting annals, which appeared to me to be defective inasmuch 
is they hardly alluded to any national characteristic, or showed that 
any of the events which transpired within their borders, connected 
them with the state, and so in fact constituted a part of public his- 
tory. Such omissions are unfortunate, as they rob the town of an 
important part of its character, and deprive the general historian 
of the labors of the local annalist. 

Without any disposition to be invidious, or to arraign any local 
annalist, but to illustrate the positions I have taken, I will mention 
the history of old Braintree and Qaincy — a town rendered na- 
tional by her granite quarries, were there nothing else : for many 
of the stone fronts in distant cities will refer you to the quarries within 
this noted town. And then her biographical character has given 
her a fame not confined to the township or the state. It was here 
that Governor Hancock first beheld the light of day, and his name 
belongs to the whole country. The active citizen in our revolution- 
ary struggle, the proscribed patriot by Gage, the President of the 
Provincial and of the Continental Congress, the first signer of the 
Declaration of Independence, and the first governor of Massachusetts 
under the constitution — All this gave him a national character which 
should adorn the place of his birth. And the Quincy faintly, 
noted at first, and sustained to the present day, would give the town 
a reputation well worthy of mention. And the fact that a sin- 
gle family of the town should furnish two Presidents of the United 
States and three public envoys to the leading courts of Europe, 
should give a prominence to the name of Adams and fame to the 
town which gave them birth. But the readers of their recent his- 
tory, I fear, would fail to see justice done to that family, and 
would regret that the town in its modesty should forego so large a 
share of the honor which is justly her due. 

The history of Sutton, an unimportant town in Worcester coun- 
ty, contains very full annals of the acts of the town, and a brief 
statement of its manufactures, which give the town a public charac- 
ter, and which might have been further presented to the honor of 
the place, and so made Sutton a constituent part of the nation's de- 
velopment of manufactures. The location of the first settlers in 
the township i3 well ; but the division and the subdivision of the 
original tracts of land down to the present day, and the names of 
the occupant of the dwellings from year to year, might have been 
partially omitted and the place supplied by a more full and distinct 
statement that Sutton was a part of the county and state, and that 
she contributed to the independence of the colonies, and labored 
ardently to sustain the integrity of the Union when assailed by 
traitors. 

Lancaster, in the same county, was one of the earliest and most 
important towns in the commonwealth ; and in fact has furnished 
more incidents for public history than almost any town in the state. 



1880.] How to write Town Histories, 161 

Here the annals of the town on every page seem to afford materials 
for public history ; and to suggest reflections bearing upon the wel- 
fare of the whole country. The settlement in the midst, as it were, 
of Indian tribes, iniofht afford matter for serious reflection, and cdve 
an insight to the Indian character. The depredations in Philip's war 
would seem forcibly to suggest the cause of that war, the character of 
the chief who instituted it, the vigor with which he prosecuted it, the 
number of towns which were wholly or partially destroyed, the great 
suffering of the colonies, and the final capture of that bloody 
warrior. 

And the subsequent incursions of the savages under the guidance 
or with the approbation of the French, would seem to present the 
inquiry, what led to these prolonged contests between England and 
France for the possession of these northern and western possessions ; 
and this inquiry would very naturally reveal the fact that the reli- 
gious element, as well as the territorial, was involved in the contest. 
But we were disappointed to see that these subjects were either omit- 
ted or touched upon so briefly as to deprive the good old town of 
Lancaster of the honor of being a constituent part of the community, 
suffering for others more remote from the scene of danger, but 
equally interested in the great questions at issue. It would seem also 
that a biographical sketch of some of the actors in these wars, and 
of some of the brave men who came to the relief of Lancaster in the 
days of her peril, were quite as important, and would be quite as inter- 
esting even to the people of the place, as the names of obscure per- 
sons found upon some of the dilapidated stones in the ancient grave 
yards ; or the location of some private road, to enable one or more 
families to go more conveniently to mill or to some remote part of 
their farm. The settlement of the first ministers, when there was 
but one in town, and he settled for life, and in most such cases was 
the sole educated man in the town, might properly be stated in de- 
tail ; but when the people became divided into several religious soci- 
eties, and their clergymen were frequently changing, it would seem 
that the details of the councils to settle or dismiss the minister, even 
to the locality and name of the delegates, would belong rather to the 
records of each society than to the history of the town. 

I may be thought too fastidious on this subject ; but regarding, as 
I do, the town organization as a leading glory of New England, 
and these little municipalities as the fountain of power and of moral 
sentiment, I think that every town history should enforce the idea 
that our towns are an important element even in our nation's history 
and character. The first practical lessons of civil equality, as well 
as religious freedom, were exhibited in these small corporations. 
They were the fountain of power, the source of our greatness, and 
this fact should be recognized in every local history. It became so 
obvious that the seeds of national independence were sown in our 
town meetings, that the British Parliament passed a law forbidding 



162 Rev. S. Danforth's Records, Roxbury. [April, 

our town meetings, except for the choice of town officers, and the 
appropriations for the ordinary purposes of the town. We then 
should learn wisdom from our enemies, and endeavor to sustain 
what they would destroy ; and I know of no better opportunity, or 
fitter occasion to do justice to our towns, than to show their connec- 
tion with our national history and welfare, whenever we publish our 
town annals. 

These general views are submitted to the consideration of the pub- 
lic, in the hope that the true character of our little democratic or- 
ganizations and their real worth, may be fully presented in every 
town history that may be written. 



REV. SAMUEL DANFORTH'S RECORDS OF THE FIRST 
CHURCH IN ROXBURY, MASS. 

Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 
[Continued from page 89.] 

[1GG-1.] June 2G. About this time began y° blasting of y e wheat to 
be p'ceived. 

July 13. A church gathered at Groyton & m r TVillard ordained. 

July 20. A church gathered in y e hounds of Cambridge & m r John 
Eliot jun. ordained Pastor & m r Tho. Wiswall Ruling Elder. 

July 22. The kings Comissiohers arrived here, viz Colonel Nichols, m 7 
Cartwright, S r Rob 1 Carr & m r Maverick. 

31. They departed for Long Island & Monhados. 

Sept 1. Wee had a solemn & puhlick Fast throughout y c Jurisdiction 

2. A great storm of Wind that beat down much of or fruit, & y e nip- 
ping Cold & frost did much hurt amongst y e Indian Corne. 

Octoh. 30. Major Daniel Denison had his House fired at Ipswich & 
burnt down. 

Nov. 1G. A solemn Puhlick fast throughout this jurisdiction. 

Nov. 17. About this time there appeared a Comet in y e Heavens the 
first time I saw it w ch was y e 5 th of 10 m . It appeared a little below the 
Crows Bill in Hydra in y e Tropick of Capricorn or neer to it. on ye 18 th 
day it appeared ia Canis Major 2 degrees below y e Tropick. on y e 19 th 
day I observed it to passe on y e upper star in y e Hares foot about 2 degrees 
& J above the tropicke. It continued till Feb. 4.* 

* Increase Mather says : "A.D. 1664. A famous Comet was conspicuous to the whole 
World this year. Many have published their Sentiments concerning it. A Reverend and 
worthy person " (in a not. Mr. Mather says, " Mr. Danforth Pastor of the Church in Rox- 
bury ") '• among-t ourselves (who is now ascended above the Stars) hath left us his observa- 
tions about the morions of this Comet as by himself taken notice of." " Not loner after this 
another no less admirable did appear." lie devotes several pages to the description of 
these comer-:, and to the remarkable events which followed in their train, among which were 
the great uiaguc and the sraat (ire in London. In the former event " there died sometimes 
above seventeen thou- md in one week; and more than an hnmire 1 thousand were swept 
away in .. years time in :h it one City." And by the fire, " eighty seven Parishes were con- 
sumed by tii - c fatal fi lines. The smouk of that burning caused the Sun to look as if it 
were turn I into darkne>s, and the Moon into blood. It hath been computed that there 
were burnt within the Walls of the City twelve thousand houses, and without, a thousand. 
The whole damage amounting to at least nine Millions, and nine hundred thousand pounds 
Sterling." , 



1880.] Rev. 8. Banfortlis Records, Roxbury. 163 

Feb. 4. m T Samuell Terry was ordained to y e office of a Pastor in y e 
Church at "Way mouth, 
we had a very mild & moderate winter till y c middle of February. 
Feb. 19 & 21. Bitter Cold weather. Feb. 22 Snow & Feb. 27 Snow. 
March 11. Another Comet appeared in y e East in y e constellation of 
Antinous. 

15. Our aged Governor m r John Endicot dyed. 
1665. 22. A publick fast throughout this Colony. 
5 May. In this moneth were our debates w th y e k's Comissioners. 
June 3. was a g* battell betw. England & Holland. 
June 20. At shutting in happened a burning in Roxbury in y e dwelling 
House of A.braha Newell senior, & June 23, his old barne fired by his girle. 
Jane 22. A publick Fast. 

This moneth y e lord smot our wheat both winter & summer w*^ Mildew. 
July 5. There happened a very sad accident at Situate, lieftenant Tor- 
ry, having rec d order fro the Governor of Plimouth (by reaso of the kings 
letter y t informes of y e Hollanders coming ag st vs) to look to y e powder & 
ammunition of y e Towne, He went into y e House of Goodma Tickner* 
where y e Magazine of y e Town was. w ch was but two barrels of powder & 
opened y m & while y e said lieftenant was drying some of y e powder, abroad 
upo boards & doores, by some accident, G. knows what, y e powder was fired 
both that in y e house & and that abroad, & y e house blown up & broken in 
pieces, And y e woman of y° House Goodwife Tiekner miserably burnt 
esp'ly on her belly (for it seemes she was at that instant stepping upo 
y e barrell y* was in y e house to reach something) & a little childe also was 
sadly burnt & buryed amongst y e rubbish & Timber, but y e woman & childe 
lived sev'rall houres after about 10 or 11. Also y c lieftenant was sadly 
burnt esp'ly on his breast, face hands & amies, yet he lived till y e next day 
& then dyed. 

July 15. There was dreadful thunder [&] lightning. A stream of fire 
was observed to fall upon m r Benj. Gilhamst House, w ch shattered his 
chimney & some of y e principall beams in y e house, wounded & hurt his 
daughter ur-s More, stupifyed y e rest that were in y e house. Also at 
charlstown y e lightning rent a Mast of a little Vessell. 

And at y e Castle it wounded 3 or 4 men In so much that they cryed out 
some houres after, some that y ir tooes, others y* their legs were falling oil, 
and y e Captain of the Castle, m r Rich. Davenport, a man of a choice & ex- 
cellent sp't, having bin hard at work, was layd down upon his bed in y° 
Castle, there being but a Wainscot betw. ye bed & y e Magazine of Powder, 
the lightning came in at y e window & smot y e Captain on y e right eare so 
y l it bled, bruised his flesh upon his head, wounded & burnt his breast & 
belly, & stroke him dead that he never spake more : but it pleased God y e 
powder escaped y e tire, likewise there was a dog lay at y e gate & a boy, 
one of y e Captains sons was net far from him: the lightning stroke y e dog 
& killed Him. but y e boy through mercy had no hurt. 

The same day about y e same time y r was a whirlwind betw. Dedham &s 
Dorchester w c " took water out of y e River & spouted it up in y e air, cast 
down many trees & carryed away many cocks of Hay, & other hay that 
lay in y e swath & in windrows. 

* William Tioknor, ancestor of the late George Ticknor, of Boston. 
t Benjamin Giilam, of Boston, was a ship carpenter. 

vol. zxxiy. 15 



164 Rev. S. Danforth's Records, Roxbary. [April, 

About y e same time also at Malhury was a storm of Haile, some as big 
as an Egge, some long & flatt, some Cornered, some neer as big as a ma 3 
fist. 

July & August. A great Drought w ch burnt up y e pastures & threat- 
ned y e Indian Corn. . 

The Anabaptists gathered y m s, into a church, prophesied one by one, & 
some one amongst y m administred y e Lords supper, after he was regularly 
excomunicated by y e eh. at Charlstown. They also set up a lecture at 
Drinkers* house, once a fortnight. They were admonished by y e Court 
of Assista[ 

10 th 7 m 65. Hugh Clark was called before y e church & charged with 
telling a lye in y e face of y e Court, slandering Authority in saying that his 
son in law was Committed for Murder which was proved 1. By his own 
Confession to y e Elders y l [tjhe court had reprehended Him for so speak- 
ing, & y* y e foreman of y e Jury affirmed y* he had so spoken. 2. By y e 
Testimony of Samuel Williams, who heard Hugh Clark speak those very 
words in open court. But Hugh Clark in y e Church denyed y* y e [he ?] spake 
these words & that the court or auy of y e magistrates imputed it to him y l 
he had so spoken or reprehended & blamed him for it : By all w ch it ap- 
peared to y e church y' his soul was sick & needed medicine & therefore dis- 
pensed a publick admonition vnto Him. It doth appear y* Hugh Clark 
did herein tell a notorious lye agst y e light of his Conscience, 1. Bee : y e 
Court laboured to convince Ilirn of his error in so speaking & argued y e 
matter with him to shew him his error & yet he stood to justify what he 
had said [attested by Samuel Williams.] 2. bee. Hugh Clark told my- 
self y l his aim & intent in what he said in y e Court was to get some satis- 
faction & recompence for y e wrong y* was done to his son in law. 

7. 7. 65. m r Adam Blakeman, Pastor to y e church at Stratford rested 
from his labours. 

5 th 8 ,Q Co. About 10 a clocke at night there happened an Earthquake. 

9 m Qo. Contributions were made in several churches for y e relief of y e 
distressed by reaso of y c Sicknes in London. 

27th gm i$Q5 t ]\ps Sarah Alcockf dyed, a vertuous woman, of vnstained 
life, very skilful in physick & chirurgery, exceed.' og active yea vn wearied 
in ministering to y e necessities of others. Her workes praise her in y e 
gates. 

8 th 9 m 65. A solemn Thanksgiving. 

15. 9 m 65. m r Samuel Shepard was ordained Pastor to y e church at 
Rowley. 

* Edward Drinker, son of Philip and Elizabeth Drinker, was born about the year 1G22. 
The f.tther, a potter by trade, arrived in the ship Abigail, in 1635, at the age of 39, bringing 
with him his wife, aged 32. and their two children, Edward and John. Edward, it scorns, 
followed the oecup ition of his father, in Charlestown, where Philip lived — beintr, with his 
wife, a member of the church there — and where he died in 1047. The son was chosen one 
of the constables of the town, and, in 1045, -was appointed to look after the swine. He 
was one of the founders of the First Baptist church in Boston, 28 (3) 1655. His wife, Han- 
nah, died in 1693, and he soon after married Mary Emmons, who ontiived him. Mr. Drink- 
er died in the year 1700, having been a persecuted and prosecuted preacher in the Baptist 
denomination in Charlestown and in Boston. Sec Drake's Boston, p 378 ; Winched and 
Neale's Discourses ; Register, iv. 373; vii. 169. The latter reference is to the will of Philip 
Drinker, an abstract of which is given, with an interesting note in relation to one of his 
great grandsons, born in Philadelphia, Dec. 24, 1680, died Nov. 17, 1782, aged 102 years. 
See also Watson's Annals of Philadelphia. 

f She was a daughter of Richard PaUgrave, of Charlestown, and wife of Dr. John 
Alcock, of Roxbury, who was a son of George Alcock. Mrs. Alcock was 44 years old. 
Her husband died March 27, 1037. See Savage's Dictionary. 



1880.] Rev. S. Danfortfts Records, Roxbury. 165 

m r Shore was ordained to y e church at Taunton. Gilhams Vessell, where- 
in was Colonel Cartwright one of y c k ? s Comissioners, was taken by y e 
Dutch, and all his writings ag st y e Countrie, made void. 

22. 9 m 65. A solemn "Fast in reference to y e Sicknes in England &c. 

8 th 10 m 65. A great Storm of Winde, Wherein m T Shoot & all his Com- 
pany were cast away at Marble-head. 

; This moneth y e churches in y e Bay set upon a Course of Fasting and 
iprayer. 
[1666. 

5* 2 m 66. All the churches in this Jurisdiction kept a solemn day of 
[Fasting & Prayer. 

Christophers Island was taken by y e French inhabiting there & y e Eng- 
lish dispossest. 

It pleased God this Summer to arm y e Caterpillers ags* vs, w ch did much 
damage in our Orchards, and to exercise y e Bay with a severe drought. 
,The churches in y e Bay sought y e L d by Fasting & Prayer, our Church of 
Roxbury began, y e 19 th of 4 m . "The L* d gave rain y e next day. The rest 
of y e churches in like manner besought y e Lord 21 at of -i m . And it pleased 
God send rain more plentifully on y e 23 d day following. At w ch time hap- 
pened a sad accident at Marshfield, for in that town a certain woman sitting 
in her house (some neighbours being present) & hearing dreadfull thunder 
crackes, spake to her son & said Boy, shut y e door, for I rem'ber this time 
4 yeares we had like to have been killed by thunder & lightning. The 
Boy answered, Mother, its all one w th God whether y e door be shutt or 
open ; The woman said ag'n, Boy shut y e door : At her comand the Boy 
shut y e door: but imediately y r came a Ball of Fire fro heaven, down y e 
chimney & slew y e old woman (whose name was Goodwife Phileps) & y e 
Boy, and an old man, a neighbor that was present, & a dog y t was in y e 
i House, but a little child y* was in y* armes of y e old man escaped : and 
la woman w th child being present was soor amazed. 

It pleased God that our wheat was Mildewed & blasted this year also. 

10 th o m 1666. There happened a dreadfull burning at Andover. m r 
Bradstreets house & y e g'test p't of his goods were burnt. The occasion of 
w ch burning was y e Carelesnes of y e maid, who put hot a^hes iuto an hogs- 
head over y e porch : the tub tired about 2 o clock in y e morning & set y c 
Chamber & house on fire* 

29. o m (jG. Divers strangers y* came from Christophers Island being in 
y* necessitie & distress by sicknes lamenesse &c besides y e p' vision made 
for y m by y e Generall Court, the severall Churches contributed towards 
their relief. 

26. 5 m 6G. Tidings came to vs of Forreiners invading our Coast. Two 
French ships lying at Martins Vineyard & having taken Plumbs ship & 
| another Sloop, lay at Martins Vineyard. 

31. 5 m 66. The next week we vnderstood that it was one Dutch man, a 
man of war, with 12 guns & a prize w ch he took upo' y e coast3 of Virginia 
who took Armstrong & Plumb & A shallop : & after he taken out w* he 
saw good, set y e men at liberty with their vessels, & carried away none 
but a Boy, & so left our coasts. 

* Mrs. Anne Bradstreet vrrote some verses on the burning of her house. See " Works of 

; Anne Bradstreet, edited by John Harvard Ellis," Charicstown, 1807, pp. 40-2. Her son, 

J the Rev. Simon Bradstreet, of New London, Cr., gives particulars of the losses of himself 

I and his father. See Registeh, vol. ix. pp. 43 and 118. Mrs. Bradstreet gives the date as 

July 10, and her son as July 12, 1666. 



166 Rev. S. Dan forth' s Records, Roxbury. [April, 

7 m & 8 th . Wee heard of a dreadful! Heracano at Barbados & y e neighbour- 
ing Islands wherein many vessels p'ished & my Lord Willoughbey fleet in 
his expeditio ag st y e French at Christophers, were lost. 

It pleased y* Lord this Summer to visit y e Countrey with y e small pox, 
which greatly encreased in the Winter & proved very afflictive & mortal 
vnto many. 

12. 10 m C6. m r William Tompson Pastor to y e church at Braintree, 
departed this life in y e 69 year of his age. He had been held vnder y e 
power of melancholy for y e space of 8 yeares. During w ch time He had 
diverse lucid intervales, & sweet revivings, esp'ly y e week before lis dyed, 
in so much that he assayed to go to y e church & administer y e Lord's sup- 
per to them, but his body was so weak that he could neither go nor ride. 

SO. 10 m . An Earth-quake was perceived by severall. 

2 d 12. GG. m r Henry Withington, Ruling Elder in y° Church of Dor- 
chester. A man that excelled in Wisdom, meeknes and goodnes, being 
aged 79, departed this life, and was buryed on y e o l of 12 m . 

4 th 12 m GG. Terrible & dreadfull Tidings came vnto vs by y 9 way of 
Mevis & Jamaica concerning the taking ot Antigea. & y e burning of y e 
city of London. 

11. 1 2 nx GG. Tidings came to vs from Connecticot, how that on y e 15 th 
of 10 m 6G. Sergeant Heart y e son of Deacon Heart and his wife & six 
children, were all burnt in their House at Farmington, no man knowing 
how the fire was kindled, neither did any of y e Neighbors see y e fire till it 
was past remedy. The church there had kept a Fast at this mans house 
2 dayes before. One of his sons being at a farm escaped this burning. 

This Winter there was a house burnt at Piscataque w r in 3 p'sons p'ished. 

Also at Con Cord y e House of m r Woodies was burnt & his onely son 
p'ished in y e fire. 

21. l m #. There was a publick Fast throughout y e Jurisdiction. 

This day o r church made a Collection for m r Wigglesworth, 4 l0 17 8 . 

27. l m G7. M r John Alcock Physician, dyed. His liver was dryed up 
& become schirrous. 

8. 2 W G7. Our Church made a collection for y e relief of our Brethren 
& Countrymen who were reduced to extremities at Cape-Feare. The sum 
was about 7 lb . 

25. 3 m 67. There was a dreadful crack of thunder. Samuel Buggies 
happened at that instant to be upon y e meeting-house-Hill with oxen & horse 
& cart loaden with Corne. The horse & one ox were strucken dead w t!i y e 
lightning, the other had a little life in it, but it dyed presently. The man 
was singed and scorched a little on his legs, one shooe torn a pieces & y e 
heel carried away, the man was hurled of fro y e cart & flung on ye off side, 
but through mercy soon recovered himself & felt little harm. There was 
chest in y e cart win was Peuter & linnen, the peuter had small holes melted 
in it & the linnen some of it singed & burnt. 

19 th 4 m G7. A sad accident happened at Boston to one Wakefield a 
boatman, who helping y e rope maker about a Cable had his head splitt & 
his braines beaten out. 

[To be continued.] 



1880.] Boston Committee of Correspondence, &c. 167 



RECORD OF TFIE BOSTON COMMITTEE OF CORRESPOND- 
ENCE, INSPECTION AND SAFETY, MAY TO NOV. 1776. 

Copied by permission of Samuel F. McCle.vry, Esq., City Clerk, from the original 
record-book in the archives of the City of Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from pa<?e 20.] 

v™- Coll.' Barber was appointed to deliver the Sails to Cap* Holmes, 

*" ep ' ' provided, that he upon his Honor declares, that he will not com- 
municate any intelligence to the Enemy, or receive & carry oft' 
any Letter, but such as shall be inspected by this Committee ; and 
that he also make Oath, that he will immediately proceed from 
hence to the Granades, and not attempt to land upon any part of 
this Continent, or Newfoundland, unless obliged thereto by dis- 
tress of weather or some unforeseen accident. 

Adjourned to Fryday next. 6 O'Clock to meet in the Room in 
King street. 
20- At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at their Room in King Street September '20 at 6 o'clock. 
The Committee to see Cap 1 Holmes Sails delivered [page 57] 
Reported that they had Complyed with the Orders of the Com- 
mittee with respect to the delivery of the Sails and Cap* Holmes 
Complying with the Conditions on which they were to Suffer him 
to depart. 

The following Oath was administered to him by Mr. Justice 
Gardner — 
r-ap* "We, the Subscribers Master and Mariners on board the Sohoon- 

Oat? 163 k ° er Industry do Solemnly Swear that we have not and that we will 
not take on board any Letters or Papers but such as we have sub- 
mitted to the inspection of the Committee of Correspondence, and 
that we will not convey any intelligence to the Enemies of the 
United States of America but proceed fo) thwith to the Island of 
Grenada without touching at any Port or Place on this Conti- 
nent or in the Island of Newfoundland, the dangers of the Seas 
only excepted so help us God — John Holmes 

Donald Campbell 
Boston Septem r 18. 1776. Charles Edgerd. 

Adjourned to Monday Evening 6. O'Clock at the Room in 
King Street — 
23* At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence at the 
Chamber in King Street, Septem 1- 2.3 d G 'Clock in the Evening 
M r Gray in the Chair — 
The Hon ble Moses Gill & Benjamin Austin Esq a Committee 
from the Hon ble Board, apply'd to this Committee for their Opin- 
ion, viz. '* "Whether it is consistent with the public Safety, for M r 
Ross and the Persons who are going with him to sail now " — 
Comm«« ^p Bowdoin was desired to acquaint M r Gill this Evening, that 

of Council . , ,. . i i i i t n n ^ ... 

inquire as this Committee apprehend, that the Interest & Satety or their 
saijf? R ° S3 '' Constituents are so much involved in the Question proposed, that 
they cannot make answer untill they have some little time to con- 
sult them. 

VOL. XXXTV. 15* 



168 Boston Committee of Correspondence, &c. [April, 

on e Sth g ° C Pa c re 5Q -] U P on a Motion made Voted, that the Clerk of 
Suits. this Committee be directed to go on with the Suits commenced 

against the Delinquents on the late muster Day. 

The Committee of Correspondence Inspection and Safety for 

the Town of Mendon, against this Committee by a printing on 

Hu"h Wai ^ ie ' ^ a t ^@y * ia ^ sent one ^ u » n Walker to this Town, who was 

ker°taken taken up at Mendon as a Stroller & corresponding w r ith Cap' M c - 

here! ent Kenzie an officer placed in that Town on Parole — and they pray 

that proper care may be taken of him by this Committee. 

M r Thomas directed, to order said Walker's attendance to mor- 
row Evening, at this place. 
24. At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at the Council Chamber September 24 th 
Mr. Gray in the Chair — 
Mr Walker M r Hugh Walker attended according to order, and being in- 
attended. q U j re( ] f respecting his business at Meudon, he assured the Com- 
mittee that his being in that Town was in order to settle an Ac- 
compt and receive a balance due to him from Cap 1 Mackenzie — 
M r Walker was dismissed, being first cautioned against leaving 
this Town, without a permit for his doing it be g obtained of this 
Committee. 
Comm*» On a Motion made Voted, that M r Gray, M r Williams & M r 

a Memorial Price be a Committee to draught a Memorial, to the General 
toG.Cuurt. C our t of this State, relative to the Captains of Prize Vessels go- 
ing at large in this Town to the endangering the public peace & 
safety. 

The Committee having made inquiry of a [page 50] number of 
Comm« the Inhabitants with respect to M r Ross & Company's departure 
opinion re- f or England — M r Gray was directed to inform the Committee of 
M' Ross's Council, that agreeable to the request of the IIon We Board, they 
sayhng. j^ considered the matter proposed, & also inquired of a number 
of their Fellow Citizens, who concur with them in opinion, that 
all Persons brought into this State hi any Prize Vessel, should 
not be permitted to depart, but retained, untill they can be ex- 
changed for our Brethren now in our Enemies hands & who are 
under the like Circumstances. 

Adjourned to to Morrow Forenoon 11 O' Clock Room in Kin^ 
Street. 
Sk Met according to Adjournment, at the Room in Kino- Street, 
12 O'Clock. 
t C e3timo°iy 3 Elisha Cole Master of the Schooner Triton bound from Ken- 
reiative to nebeck to Cape Francis and taken the 20 th day of July last by the 
treatment Milford Mau of War, John Bear, Commander, appeared aud gave 
recM from his testimony, upon Oath respecting the treatment himself and 
nemy. ^^ Seaman met with from the Enemy & the same was delivered 
Coll Barber, in order to its being published in the several News- 
Papers. 
2<3. At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at their Chamber in King Street September 2Q th , 6 
o'clock. M r Gray in the Chair. 

Orders reia- The two Orders of Council relative to M r Ross & those who are 
Eo3s!° r to sail with him from this Port to London were laid before the 



1880.] Boston Committee of Correspondence, <£c. 169 

Committee, and being read — M r Thomas was directed to Notify 
all the Members to attend at the [page 60] Adjournment in order 
to consider and determine upon said orders of Council. 

Voted, that this Meeting be adjourned to to morrow Morning 
9 o'clock. 

27. At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety Septem r 27 — 9 O'clock Forenoon 

M r Gray in the Chair — 
Voted, that this Meeting be Adjourned to 3. O'clock P. M. then 
to consider the orders of Council relative to M r Ross's sayling &c. 
Septem r 27 3 o'clock P: M: Met according to Adjournment 
M r Gray in the Chair — 
Orders of The Orders of Council relative to M r Ross &c again read and 
to M> Boss considered — whereupon a Motion was made " that a Sub Corn- 
considered. m ittee be now chosen for the purpose of carrying those Orders of 
Council into execution — and the Question being accordingly put — 
Passed in the Negative. 
Comm«« On a Motion made Voted, that the Chairman M r Gray, be de- 

ordero? sired to acquaint M r Ross, that this Committee have agreed to do 
Council their part towards carrying the Orders of Council with respect to 

into cce* , • ™ . 

cutlon. his departure from hence into execution ; and that he has liberty 
to inform those who have obtained permits for sayling with him, 
of this determination of the Committee. 

28. At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at their Chamber in King Street, Septem r 28. 11 O'clock 

M r Gray in the Chair — 
Petition to [Page 61.] A Petition from a number of the Inhabitants of 
Kofs'8 Ir tms Town, praying that the Ship Creighton, bound directly for 
sayling. London, with M r Ross, & about 70 other Passengers, belonging 
to Great Britain, may be stopped for a month at least, for Rea- 
sons in said Petition set forth. 
Oct. 1. At a meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety, at their Chamber in King Street October 1 — 
Mr. Gray in the chair. 
MrRDss The Committee appointed, to see that the Order of Council, 

eayled. vsitli respect to no Persons being suffered to depart with M r Ros3 
but such as have received Permits for that purpose Reported, that 
they had attended to their duty — and that the Ship Sayled on 
the Yesterday. 

The Petition for stopping M r Ross's Sayling for a Month with 
the leave of the Committee, was withdrawn by the Petitioners. 
g At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at their Chamber in King Street, October 8, 1776 — 
M r Gray in the chair. 
Cap' ster- Cap* Sterling was sent for and examined relative to the inform- 
for°and ation received that he was about carrying off in his Vessel three 
€xamd - men, who are on their Parole — 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
and Safety, at their Chamber in King Street, October l-i th 1776. 
M r Gray in the Chair — 
Information being given the Committee that one Thomas [page 



170 Boston Committee of Correspondence, &*c. [April, 

62] Ludlow Jun r late a Custom House Officer in New York, was 
in this Town, and that the said Ludlow had discovered himself to 
Mr Ludlow De vei T unfriendly to the Rights of America — he was sent for, 
examined, and attended ; and being examined, it appeared, that himself & 
Family had been taken by one of the Colony Armed Vessels in a 
Brigantine which together with the cargo was owned by himself; 
and that both Vessel & Cargo had been condemned as lawful 
Prize, at a Maritime Court held in the Town of Plymouth, also 
that his Coming to this Town was in order to Petition the Hon ble 
Board, for the return of his Bedding and some Necessaries which 
had been taken from him ; and by permission of General War- 
ren & Mr Sever — he was required to give his attendance again, 
on the Morrow, if sent for. 

Adjourned to to Morrow Morning 10 O'Clock. 

15. Tuesday Morning October 15, 10 OClock in the Forenoon met 
according to adjournment. 

Sit Ludlow The Committee, having made iuquiry of some Gentlemen from 
ismisse . |^ York with respect to M r Ludlow, Character, as also of others, 
relative to his design in coming to Boston, did not Judge it neces- 
sary to take any order concerning him, for the present. 

16. At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at their chamber in King Street October 16, Forenoon — 

M r Gray in the Chair — 
No business transacted, for want of a Quorum. 
Adjourned to 6 O'Clock in the Evening the usual & stated time 
of meeting. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
&C at their Chamber in King Street 6 O'Clock — 
Mr. Gray in the Chair. 
A number of Letters brought by one Jones from Hallifax via 
[page 63] Eastward, and sent to this Committee for their inspec- 
tion were examined and then delivered as directed. 
21 - At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety, at M r Otis, the Jayl Keepers House October 21, 1776. 
M r Davis in the Chair. 
One M™ Hill Wife of one Hill now in the Jayl of this County 
examined together with her Daughter, who went from hence with a design 
sonabie 61 " to §° to -^ 0D S Island, were stopped at New London Connecticut 
Papers & as upon examination several Papers of a treasonable nature 

%m. d ° n were found u P on M " Hil1 the Elder 5 They and the Papers were 
sent by the Connecticut Committee to the Committee of Corres- 
pondence &c at Providence, and by them, to this Committee. 

A Letter of recommendation given M" Hill by D r Church was 
read, together with the other Papers found upon her. 

M" Mary Hill the younger was brought in, and examined par- 
ticularly with respect to L) r Church, and one Palph Cunningham 
mentioned in the Paper, the latter of whom appeared to be a Per- 
son who had made Courtship to the said Hill & supposed to be in 
the British Army at Nov/ York. 

[To be continued j 



I860.] Genealogy of the Family of Mulford. 171 



A GENEALOGY OF THE FAMILY OF MULFORD.* 

Communicated by William Bemsex Mulfoud, Esq., Counsellor at Law, Member of the 
N. Y. Genealogical and Biographical Society of New York City. 

AWAY to the eastward on Long Island, is a region where the 
waves roll in with unbroken force to the silent and thinly pop- 
ulated shore, and where with diapason roar the wintry blasts from 
the ocean sweep in to howl and whistle over the wild wastes. Here, 
to this wilderness, in 1649 came a band of pioneers and founded 
the old, quaint, traditional East Hampton. The majority came 
from Salem and Lynn, Mass., via Connecticut, to Long Island, and 
I the land was purchased, of the aborigines, from this place as far 
east asMontauk, for £38. 4s. and 8d. sterling. 

"It Was then," says an admiring writer, in a descriptive sketch 
published in New York some eight years since, " an unbroken wil- 
derness, and the Indians were numerous on every side. On the 
east, at r Montaukett,' the royal Wyandanch swayed the sceptre ; 
on the north, at Shelter Island, his brother Poggotacut ruled the 
tribe of r Manhassetts ; ' and a third brother ruled over the ' Shine- 
cocks/ And here in the dark and gloomy forest, in silence un- 
broken save by the Indian war-whoop, the cry of the wild beasts, or 
the solemn roar of the ocean, they made their earthly home. * * * 

11 ' Amidst the storm they sang, 

And the stars heard and the sea, 
And the sounding aisles of the dim woods, rang 
To the anthem of the free. 

The ocean eagle soared 

From his ne^t D} r the white wave's foam, 
And the rocking pines of the forest roared — 

This was their welcome home.' " 

This village was afterwards the birthplace of J. Howard Payne, 
author of "Home, Sweet Home," and it is thought that when 
he wrote so affectingly of " home," he had in mind this quaint 
village, with its wide, grassy main street, and the old shingled 
Church with its spire pointing heavenward, surmounted by the rusty 
weather vane, and the picturesque surroundings with their legends 
relating to the once formidable Montauk tribe. 

Among these pioneers were Judge John Mulford and hi3 brother 
William. They came to Long Island from Salem, Mass. 

It is the object of the following sketch to give a brief account of 
some of the descendants of John and William Mulford, two of the 
first settlers of East Hampton, Suffolk County, N. Y. 

* Compiled from MSS. in the possession of Robert L. Malford, Esq., of New York, 
Charles Hervey Townseud, Esq., of New Haven, and from other sources. 



172 Genealogy of the Family of Mulf or d. L^P 1 *^} 

The English pedigree of the Mulfords will be given at some fu- 
ture time. 

I. Descendants of John Mulfokd. 

Prepared by Robert L. Mulford, Esq., of Nevj York City. 

John and William Mulford, brothers, probably from Devonshire, Eng- 
land, where the name is often spelled Molford, settled in South Hamp- 
ton, Long Island, going there via Connecticut, of which colony it was 
then a part. By the records of South Hampton, published 1874, Vol. 
I. page 29, May 29, 10-13, "it was ordered that John Mulford shall 
have two acres of land on the plain." On page 55, sold his house 
in South Hampton, Feb. 8, 1648, and in that or the following year was 
one of the nine persons who settled East Hampton ; his name appears 
many times in the Council Minutes of Connecticut, Vol. 2, 4, 6, and he was 
commissioned Judge in 1074. In attending to the town affairs, keeping 
peace with the Indians, representing the eastern towns in Hartford, and 
afterwards in New York, he was the foremost man until his death in 1C86, 
aet. 80. John Mulford had : 

2. i. Samuel, b. 1644 ; d. Aug. 21, 172.3. 
ii. John, b. 1650; d. 1734.' 

iii. Mart, who in. Jeremiah Miller. 

iv. Hannah, who m. BenjainiD Conkling. 

2. Capt. Samuel 2 Mulford (John 1 ), b. 1644 and d. in East Hampton, 
Aug. 21, 1725 ; m. first, Esther, who d. Nov. 24, 1717, set. 64, by whom 
he had four children. Second, m. Sarah Howell, d. April 6, 1760, an. 97. 
Childless. By first wife had : 

i. Samuel, b. 1678 ; d. 1743 ; m. Sarah . 

ii. Timothy, b. 1651 ; d. 1741 ; wife Sarah . 

iii. Elias, b. 1685; d. 1760; in. Mary Mason. 

3. iv. Matthew, b. 1669 ; d. April 28, 1774 ; m. Elizabeth Chatfield, Dec. 

25, 1712. 

Capt. Samuel Mulford was at an early age a town officer, and a member 
of the Provincial Assembly of New York from 1705 to 1720. from which 
he was expelled for exposing the abuses of Gov. Hunter's administration, 
and sent buck by the votes of his county. He also served as a captain in 
the colonial militia. He went to England in 1716, appeared before a 
committee of the House of Lords, and by his pleading, the duty on whale 
oil was removed. A long sketch of his career is given in Vol. 1, p. 517, of 
Hollisters History of Connecticut, 1857 ; also in Thompson's Long Island, 
1843, Vol. 1, p. 315 ; also in Hedges's East Hampton, 1850. 

3. Capt. MattheV Mulford (Samuel 2 John 1 ) and Elizabeth Chat- 
field his wife, m. Dec. 25. 1712. She died Sept. 11,1754, set. "»7. Pie 
served as captain in the colonial militia ;* was a landholder in East Hampton. 

i. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 22, 1714 ; d. Oct. 21. 1754, on Gardiner's Island; 
nj. May 26, 1737, to Hon. John Gardiner, who d. May 19, 1764, leav- 
ing David, John, Elizabeth— 3 children. 

ii. Jerusha (twin), b. Aug. 22, 1714 ; m. April 13, 173G, to Jeremiah 
Hedges. Had one child, David, b. Oct. 23, 1737. 

• Anions the old papers in possession of his lineal descendant (Robert L. Mulford, of 
New York), is hi.s commission as captain from John Montgomery, Capt. Gen. and Gov. of 
New York and New Jersey, dated Nov. 20, 1728, " to Matthew Mulford Gentleman/' 



1880.] Genealogy of the Family of Mid ford, 173 

iii. Esther, b. July 10. 1719 ; m. first, Jonathan Hunting, who died Sept. 
3, 1750, leaving 2 children, Jonathan and Matthew. Second mar- 
riage, John Darbe. She died Sept. 24, 1757. 

4. iv. David (Col.), b. Sept. 10, 1722 ; d. Dec. 18, 1778; m. Phebe Hunt- 

ing, June 16, 1751. 

5. v. Mary, b. April 9, 1725 ; d. June 30, 1729. 

4. Col. David 4 Mulford {Matthew? Samuel* John 1 ), like his ancestors 
John and Samuel, was a leading man in his town of East Hampton. His 
descendant Robert L. Mulford, of New York, has now his commission, 
signed by Gov. Clinton (colonial governor of New York), dated Oct. 13, 
1748. and another dated Feb. 13, 1758, by Lieut. Gov. James DeLancey, 
appointing him to offices in the colonial militia. When the colonies com- 
menced to resist the stamp act and other taxation of Great Britain, he was 
the guiding star in his part of the state. Onderdonk's Rev. Incidents of 
Suffolk Co. (1849) states on pages 13, 14, that Col. M. and others com- 
posed a standing committee to correspond with other committees and agree 
not to import from Great Britain until the blockade of the port of Boston 
was raised. Page 19, July 8, 1775. Appointed muster master of troops 
to be raised in Suffolk Co. P. 29, in list of field officers his name appears 
as first colonel, and he reported to the Provincial Congress, March 5, 1776, 
that his regiment consisted of 670 privates and 98 officers. He was execu- 
tor of David Gardiner (dec.) of Gardiner's Island, and Aug. '2o, '75, com- 
plained to Congress of depredations by Gen. Gates's army, made on that 
island. 

July 22, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed at the 
several places of parade, and his descendant has the copy from which it was 
first read to his regiment. He was on the march to Brooklyn -at the head 
of his troops when the battle of Long Island decided the fate of that part of 
the state, and his men dispersed and went to their homes or to Con- 
necticut, by orders of the commanding General. 

On page 43 of Onderdonk it is noted, " After the capture of Gen. TVood- 
hull by the British, Col. Mulford was written to come to Huntington aDd 
take command of the regiments." 

Ou page 46. " Col. Abm. Gardiner surrounded the house of Col. Mul- 
ford in East Hampton, Sept. 7, 1776, and forced h*.n to take the oath." 
P. 58, after the whole island was possessed by the English 3 casks of pow- 
der and 2 boxes of lead were taken from Col. Mulford's house, and via 
Sag Harbor carried to Connecticut. 

Page 70. " Col. Mulford's negro Jack was permitted to return from 
Connecticut to L. Island." Col. Mulford died before the war closed, leav- 
ing an unstained reputation. Children, all born in Easthampton, N. Y. : 

i. David (Maj.), b. Nov. 7. 1754 ; m. Rachel Gardiner ; d. Jan. 8, 1799. 

5. ii. Mattuew, b. Oct. 22, 1756 ; m. Mary Hutchinson, Feb. 17, 1778 ; d. 

March 24, 1845. 
iii. Phedk, b. Sept. 20, 1759 ; m. Henry Pierson, Sept. 19, 1780; d. Feb. 

28, 1836. 
iv. Betsey, b. 1760 ; unmarried ; d. 1785. 
v. Esther, b. 1765 : m. Dca. David Hedges ; d. 1825. 

6. vi. Jonathan, b. 1770 ; m. Ilamutal Baker ; d. 1840. 

5. Ma.ttiiew 5 Mclford {David* Matthew? Samuel, 2 John 1 ), b. in 
East Hampton, Oct. 22, 1756; d. in Bensselaerville, N.Y., March 24, 1845, 
after living there about 45 years ; m. Feb. 7. 1778. to Mary, dau. of Dr. Sam- 
uel Hutchinson. She was b. Aug. 27, 1757, d. July 31, 1824. Before the 



174 Genealogy of the Family of Mulford. [April, 

age of 20 lie was 1st sergeant in Capt. Ezekiel Mulford's company 12, of 
1st Suffolk Reg't, Col. Smith commanding, as appears in printed records, 
and was present at the battle of Long Island. In Ouderdonk's Suffolk Co., 
pp. 28 aud 9, Aug. 12, 1776, Col. S. writes his regiment was on the march. 
It was engaged while in the fort near Brooklyn, and the writer has heard Ser- 
geant Mulford relate his experience as a soldier, aud tell of seeing a com- 
rade's head shot off by a British cannon ball, and of hearing Gen. "Wash- 
ington give orders while both were in the fort. He was in the receipt of 
a pension from the U. S. government for many years. Children, ail born 
in Easthampton, except John, who was born in Rensselaerville : 

i. Hannah, b. Oct. 28, 1778 ; m. Col. Isaac Wickham, 1799 ; d. Oct. 20, 

1821, East Hampton. 
ii. Juliana, b. 1781 ; d. 1793, East Hampton. 
iii. PnEBE, b. Jar.. 12. 1781 : m. April 9, 1310, Dea. William Hedges ; d. 

May 13, 1830. Lansingbur^h. 1 

7. iv. Charles Lewis, b. July L, 1786; m. Mille Cook, June 25, 1816; d. 

May 23, 18-37, Rensseiaervilie. 
v. Betsey, b. July 6, 1788; m. Jon. Jenkins, Jan. 1, 1809; d. July 4, 

1875, Rensselaerville. 
vi. Mary, b. 1790; unmarried; d. 184.5. Rensselaerville. 
vii. Julia H., b. Dec. 7, 1793; m. Col. Samuel Miller; d. Jan. 10, 1866, 

East Hampton. 

8. Yin. Samuel H.. b. March 18. 1796 ; m. Clarissa Griffin, Sept. 18, 1823; 

d. Dec. 1871, Iiolley, N. Y. 

9. ix. Edward, b. June 9, 1799 ; m. Sarah Reed, Oct. 25, 1832 ; d. May 17, 

1863, Newark, N. Y. 

10. x. William, b. June 10, 1799, twin; m. Lucy Stewart, June 6, 1841 ; 

d. March 2, 1802, Cherry Valley, 111. 
xi. John II., b. April 22, 1802 ; unmarried ; d. Oct. 20, 1376, Albany. 

6. Jonathan* Mulford {David* Matthew? Samuel, 2 John 1 ) was born 
in Easthampton in 1770, and died there Feb. 14, 1840 ; m. Humutal Baker, 
1799. Children, horn in Easthampton : 

i. David, b. April 16, 1800; d. unmarried, Nov. 14, 1876. 

ii. Mary C, b. Dec. 18, 1803 ; m. Isaac Van Scoy. >lo children. 

iii. John H., b. April 24, 1806 ; unm. in 1879. 

11. iv. Samuel G., b. Feb. 3. 1803 ; m. Charlotte Van Scoy, April 1, 1847. 
y. Harry, b. Nov. 7, 1810 ; unm. in 1879. 

Yi. George, b. May 18, 1813; m. Win. Maryett Conkling (nee Parsons). 

12. vii. Jeremiah, b. Oct. 17, 1815; d. May 23, 1867 ; m. Mary M. Hedges, 

Nov. 10, 1841. 

7. Charles L. 6 Mclford (Matthew? David? Matthew? Samuel? 
John 1 ), b. East Hampton, N. Y., July 1, 1786 ; d. Rensselaerville, May 28, 
1857 ; m. June 25, 181G, Mille (dan. Robert and Deborah Cook), who was 
born in Massachusetts, June 3, 1791, d. Rensselaerville, Feb. 19, 1875. 

At the a^e of 28 he was a commissioned officer in a N. Y. State Reg't, 
stationed at Sackett's Harbor during the last war with England. He re- 
turned with honor to his home in Albany Co., where for many years he was 
a manufacturer and merchant. He was made a Justice and elected super- 
visor of his town for several years, always a man of sterling integrity and 
highly esteemed by his townsmen. Children, all born in Rensselaerville, 
N. Y. : 

i. Mary H., b. April 10, 1817 ; m. Andrew Palmer, Sept. 22, 1836. 
ii. Robert, b. Sept. 15, 1819 ; d. Feb. 3. 1821. 

13. iii. Robert L., b. Oct. 21, 1821 ; m. first, Henrietta Lester, Dec. 14, 1S46, 

who d. April 5, 1853 ; m. second, Ellen M. Stone (wid.) (ne'e Mor- 
gan), June 6, 1860. 



1880.] Genealogy of tht Family of Mid ford. 175 

iv. LrciA H.. b. May 10, 1824 ; in. George T .V. Rider, Sept. 10, 185G. 

14. v. Charles TV, b. Feb. 5, 18-27 ; m. Deborah W'ickes, Aug. 17, 1853. 

ti. Millecext. b. Dee. 23, 1830 ; d. Oct. 29, 1834. 

vii. Harriet P.', b. April 21, 1834 ; unm. 1879. 

8. Samuel II. 6 Mulford {Matthew? David, 4 Matthew? Samuel? 
John 1 ) was born in East Hampton, March 18. 1796; d, in Holley, N. Y.. 
Dec. 1871 ; m. Sept. 18, 1823, to Clarissa Griffin. Their children are: 

i. Mary E., b. Oct. 17, 1824 ; m. first, 1813, George H. Buckley ; he d. 

1851. 3 children. Mar. second, 1351, Cornelius G. Palmer. 2 eh. 
ii. Clarissa, b. Nov. 14,1826; m. Tiiaddeas Sherwood, 1847. Wid. in 

1852. Had 3 children, all d. unm. 

iii. Samuel E., b. Dec. 19, 1830 ; m. No children, 1879. 

iv. Joseph P., b. May 1, 1834 ; in. Harriet Bassett, Jan. 23, 1858. Has 

several boys, lives in Kendall, N. Y. 
v. Harriet J., b. June 22. 1840; unm. 1879. 

9. Edward 6 Mulford (Mattheiv? David. 4 Matthew? Samuel? John 1 ) 
was born in East Hampton, June 9, 1799; d. May 17, 1863, in Newark, 
N. Y. ; m. Oct. 25, 1832, Sarah Reed. Had one child : 

i. Mary A., b. Sept. 19, 1833; m. Andrew C Bartle, May 10, 1854; 
now of Newark, N. Y. No children in 1879. 

10. TfiLLiAM 6 Mulford (Matthew? David? Matthew? Samuel? John 1 ) 
was born in East Hampton, N. Y., June 10, 1799; d. March 2, 1802, near 
Cherry Valley, 111. Was married to Lucy Stuart, clan, of Nathan and 
Lydia Young Stuart, at Kingston, 111., June G, 1841. Their children, born 
in town of Guilford, 111., are: 

i. Eli H., b. June 3, 1842 ; d. in Georgia, a soldier in an Illinois Eeg't, 

in 1863. 

ii. Edward, b. March 31, 1614. 

iii. John" H.. b. Feb. 23, 1816. 

iv. William D., b. Sept. 23, 1843. 

v. Charles L., b. Oct. 9, 1351. 

vi. Mary Ellen, b. Sept. 4, 1833. 

vii. Ida Yiola, b. Sept. 15, 1856. 

11. Samuel Grfen 6 Mulford (Jonathan? David? Matthew? Sam- 
uel? Johu x ) and Charlotte Van Scoy, his wife, born in East Hampton, K.Y., 
where they now reside. Children are : 

i. Amanda II., b. June 25, 1843; m. David E. Osborne, Nov. II, 1875. 

Child, Kdward? b. June 1, 1877. 
ii. Samuel H.. b. Oct. 21, 1850 ; m. Isabel Stratton, Nov. 12, 1873. Child, 

Charlotte S.* b. Sept. 28, 1S79. 
iii. David G., b. May 14, 1853. 
iv. John H., b. Jan. 15, 1S56. 

12. Jeremiah 6 Mulford (Jonathan? David? Matthew? Samuel? 
John 1 ) and Mary Miller Hedges, his wife, both of East Hampton. 

i. Mary Esther, b. Feb. 3, 1849: m. Nov. 11, 1876, Elihu Miller, of 
Wading River, N. Y., by whom she had Emily M.? b. May I. 1878. 
ii. Carrie, b. Oct. 3, 1852, Lives in East Hampton, N. Y. 
iii. Jeremiah, b. Occ. 13, 1851. Lives iu East Hampton, N. Y. 

13. Robert L. 7 Mulford (Charles L.? Matthew? David? Matthew? 
Samuel? Jb7m l ), b. Or. 24, 1821. By his first wife Henrietta (dau. of 

Ezra and Harriett Lester) who was born Rensselaerville, N. Y*., July 3, 
1827. d. there April 5, 1S53, had : 
vol. xxxiv. 16 



176 Genealogy of the Family of Mulford. [April, 

i. Henetetta L., b. Nov. 15. 1847, in Rensselaerville, N. Y. ; m. June 
27, 1678, to Charles H. Fisher, of Lansingburgh, N. Y., by whom 
she has one son, Robert Mu! for eP Fisher, b. May 4, 1879. 

ii. Charles John, b. April 18, 18.32, in Rensselaerville. Not m. in 1879. 

By his second wife, Ellen M. Stone, born in Old Town, Me., wicL, dau. 
John B. and Maria I. Morgan, the following children, born in New York 
city : 

Hi. Robert, b. April 20. 1863. 

iv. John Morgan, b. Feb. 23, 1866 ; d. July 20, 1874. 

v. Rufus King, b. July 16, 1869. 

vi. Maria, b. Oct. 7, 1872. 

14. Charles William 7 Mulford (Charles Z., 6 Matthew? David* 
Matthew? Samuel? John 1 ), who was b. Feb. 5, 1<°>27 ; m. Aug. 17, 1853, 
Deborah Wickes, b. March 29, 1825 (dun. Dr. Piatt and Fanny Wickes, 
of Rensselaerville, N. Y.), now residing in Hempstead, N. Y. 

i. Fannie A., b. Sept. 20, 1855, in Nevada City, Cal. 
ii. Harriet, b. July 20, 1359, in Rensselaerville, N. Y. 
iii. Helen, b. July 20, 1S59, in Rensselaerville ; died Feb. 1], 1662, in 
Yonkers. 



II. Descendants of William Mulford. 

By the Compiler. 

1. William 1 Mulford, as before stated, was one of the first settlers 
of East Hampton, L. L, 1649. His name appears on the ''Town Records " 
of South Hampton, L. I., in 1645, which town was settled a lew years 
before East Hampton. Unlike his brother, he seems to have taken no part 
in the government of the colony, but appears to have turned his attention. 
to agriculture. His name appears on the ''Estimate of East Hampton," 

dated "September ye 8 th ," 1683. He married Sarah . His demise 

occurred in March, 1 GS7. Issue : 

2. i. TnoMAS, d. 1727-31, cet. 77 years ; m. Mary Conkling. 

ii. William. 

iii. Benjamin. He was a resident of E. Hampton in 1699, but afterwards 
removed to Cape May, N. J., and left descendants in that state, 
among whom was Isaac S. Mulford, Esq., M.D., late of Camden, 
author of a History of New Jersey, published in 1848. 

iv. SARAn, d. April 16, 1790, aet. 95. 

v. Rachel. 

2. Thomas 2 Mulford (William 1 ), born at East Hampton. He m. 
Mary, dau. of Jeremiah and Mary (Gardiner) Conkling. It is an inter- 
esting circumstance that the mother of airs. Thomas Mulford was born in 
the Saybrook Fort. She was the daughter of Lieut. Lyon Ganliner, its 
valiant commander, and patentee and Grst Lord of the Manor of Gardiner's 
Island. Mrs. Mulford was also of the third generation of the Conkling 
family of East Hampton, her father Jeremiah being the son of Ananias 
Conkling, who came from Nottinghamshire, England, to Salem, Mass., in 
1G37-8, and from thence to E. II. Tims the later Mulfords of this branch 
are descended from Lieut. Lyou Gardiner, renowned ia the colonial annals 
of Connecticut, and from cue of the children born in the Saybrook 
Fort. Thomas Mulford died at E. II. in 1727 or 1731, aged 77 years. 
In his will, dated Feb. 14, " 172£," he is described as a yeoman. By 
this instrument, rec. Liber 11 of Wills, p. oil, in the office of the Surro- 









} 






1880.] Genealogy of the Family of Mulford. 177 

gate of the City and County of New York, he gives to his well beloved 
wife Mary, the use of the east end of his dwelling house and one third of all 
his lands and privileges situated within the bounds of East Hampton, during 
widowhood, and one'half of all his household goods, his two Indian servants, 
et cetera, et cetera, to dispose of as she shall " think fitt." Mary (Conk- 
ling) Mulford died his widow, June 15, 1743, set. 85 years. Issue : 

3. i. Thomas, d. March 8, 1765, sst. 77 years; first in. Mercy Bell; second 

wife, Deborah . 

ii. Rachel. 

iii. Abiah, m. William Hedges. 

iv. William. 

v. Ezekiel, m. Bea Osborn. 

vi. Lawsons. 

vii. David, bapt. Dec. 31, 1G99 ; d. 1722, set. 23 years. 

viii. Jlremiah.* One of Jeremiah's sons, Lewis, 4 bad a son Lewis, 5 who set- 
tled in Union County, New Jersey, and left descendants, among 
whom is Judge David Mulford, of Roselle, N. J., a Judge of the 
Court of Common Pitas of Union County, and a member of the New 
Jersey State legislature during the years i860 and '61. 

3. Thomas 3 Mulford (Thomas,' 2 William 1 ) m. first, Mercy Bell, June 

19, 1712. She d. 1737, get. 50 years. He m. second, w. Deborah . 

In his will, dated May 28, 1757, and rec. in Liber 25 of Wills, p, 8i), in 
the office of the Surrogate of the City and County of New York, he is de- 
scribed as a yeoman, lie died at East Hampton, March 8, 1765, mi. 11 
years. Issue : 

i. Eltsha, bapt. March 1, 1713. He left descendants, among whom are 
the F.ev. Elisha Mulford, LL.D., of the Episcopal Church, now at 
Montrose, Penn,, a graduate of Yale, author o(' '* The Nation ;" 
and Sylvanus S. Mulford, Esq., M.D., now of New York city, also 
a graduate of Yale. 

ii. Daniel, bapt. June 19, 1715. 

4. iii. Barnabas, bapt. June 3, 1716. 
iv. Thomas, bapt. Jan. 10, 1719. 

4. Barnabas 4 Mulford ( Thomas* Thomas, 3 William 1 ) returned to 
Connecticut an 1 settled at Branford in that state, about 1740, where he was 
married "to Hannah, daughter of Edward Petty, of that place, by the Rev. 
Jonathan Merrick, on the 30th of April, 1740. She was descended from 
Edward Petty, an early settler of Southold, L. I., and the progenitor of the 
Pettys after whom Petty's Point, which juts out from the northern shore 
of Long Island into the Sound near Mulford's Point by Orient, was named. 
Hannah Mulford died 1781. By her will, bearing date June G, 1788, after 
devising lands she bequeaths gold buttons, gold beads and wearing apparel 

» Among other children Jeremiah had a son, Capt. Ezekiel Mulford, and the compiler 
feels that he must diverge from the thread of this sketch to give, a few facts relating to this 
remarkable man. He lived to the advanced age of 94 years in perfect health. His eye- 
sight good ; reading his bible and offering family prayer to the day of his death ; and after 
hearing a sermon could repeat it with verbal exactness, ami recite sermons and speeches 
to which he had listened half a century previous. His judgment was reliable and his de- 
cision prompt. In addition to his retentive memory, he "was very well educated for the 
times. Bs was exceedingly fond of equestrian exercise, insomuch that at 'the age of 85 
years he took pleasure in tweaking and subduing a most vicious horse. He was captain of 
the 12 Co. df Col. Smith's Suffolk Co. Reg't, and while in active service on Long [.-land, 
he received directly from Gen. Washington the highest compliment, in leading a danger- 
ous ambuscade, for his davin ; and feariess intrepidity. lie told the father of the lute Wil- 
liam II. Mulford, ot Sag Eiarhor (who was his son), that his grandfather (William') was 
oue of three brothers who came from England; one going to Virginia and two settling on 
Long Island, and that they had been soldiers m the English civil wars in the time of 
Charles the first. 



178 . Genealogy of the Family of Mulford, [April, 

to her two daughters* Mary and Hannah, and gives her silver shoe buck- 
les to her granddaughter, Lucre tia Mulford. Barnabas Mulford died Nov. 
3 792. Issue: 

i. Edwasp, b. Feb. 1, 1742. 

ii. David, b. June 13, 174 i. 

5. iii. .Barnabas, b. Feb. 13, 1745; in. Mebitable Gorham, Nov. 10, 1771. 

iv. Hannah, b. May 21. 1719. 

v. Joel, b. Dec. 17. 1754. 

vi. Lucretia, b. Aug. 15, 1756; d. Sept. 6. 1775. 

vii. Nathan, b. July 25, 1759; m. Sabrina Barker, March 26, 1732. 
viii. Mary, b. Sept. 27, 1761 ; m. Thomas Rogers, Aug. 5, 1784. 

5. Barnabas* Mulford, Jr. (Barnabas* Thomas, 7 Thomas* William 1 ) 
was born Feb. 13, 1745. at Branford, Coon. He was married by the 
Rev. Dr. Jonathan Edwards, on Sunday evening, Nov. 10, 1771, to Me- 
bitable, dau. of Timothy and Mary (Puuchard) Gorham, who was born in 
1746. Mrs. Barnabas Mulford, Jr., was a descendant in the fifth genera- 
tion of Capt. John Gorham, baptized at Benefield, Northamptonshire, Eng- 
land, Jauuary 2$. 1621, who married. 164-3, Desire, eldest dau. of John 
and Elizabeth (Tilley) Rowland of the Mayflower. Elizabeth, dau. of 
John Tilley, was m. to John Howland. says Gov. Bradford in his History 
of New Plymouth, and R. Hammett Tilley, Esq., in his " Genealogy of: 
the Tilley Family," published in 1878. But other historical writers say 
that John Howland married the daughter of Gov. Carver of the Mayflower. 
As before stated, the daughter of John and Elizabeth Howland, Desire, 
married Capt. John Gorham. lie served as a captain in the King Philip 
Indian war, and died of fever on service at Swanzey, Feb. 5, 1676. His 
wife died Oct. 13, 1683. One of the captain's sons, Jabez, born at Barn- 
stable, Mass., Aug. 3, 1656, m. Hannah .* He was wounded in the 

King Philip war, and was one of the early settlors of Bristol, R. I. The 
Plymouth Court granted 100 acres of the tract called Papasquash Neck. 
near Bristol, R. L, to the heirs of Captain John Gorham in recognition of 
his services in the Indian war. Isaac, the son of Jabez, the Bristol settler, 

b. Feb. 1, 1089, bought land in New Haven. He m. first, Mary , who 

d. Sept. 11, 1716, and secondly Hannah Miles, oi New Haven, on the 23d 
of May, 1717. by whom lie had, with other children, a son Timothy, who 
m. Mary Punchard, by whom he had Mebitable, who m. Barnabas Mulford, 
Jr., aforesaid. Tims the latter members of this branch of the Mulford fam- 
ily are descended from two of Philip's war heroes, and from two of the May- 
flower pilgrims, Johu Howland and John Tilley or Gov. Carver. Barna- 
bas Mulford was for many years a resident of New Haven. Fie was one 
of the signers of the agreement (signed by many N. H. residents) to pay 
Edward Barke the sum of £3 per month to teach the military exercise, 
which forms the first entry on the record book of the Second Company Gov- 
ernor's Foot Guards ot Connecticut. This agreement is signed by Judge 
Pierpont Edwards and Benedict Arnold, who was the first captain of that 
organization. Barnabas Mulford died Aug. 19, 1827, set. 82 years and 6 mos. 
Mchitable his wire died April 26, ISM, set. 89 years 4 mos. and 1 day. 
The remains of both are interred in the Grove Street Cemetery, New Ha- 
ven. Issue : 

i. Makv, b. June 21, 1775;. d. Dec. 22, 1787. set. 12 years. 
6. ii. K^.vEY, b. July 7, 1777 ; d. Feb. 16, 1847; m. Nancy Bradley. 

iii. Meuitable, b. Jan. 25, 17SG ; d.S^pt. Ib51 ; m. Chauucey Daggctte. 

* Does anv one knew the maiden surname of Hannah? 



1880.] Genealogy of the Family of Mulford. 179 

iv. Elizabeth, b. April 14, ITS2 ; d. Jan. 11, 1868: m. Benjamin 

Thompson. 
v. Barnabas, b. April 29, 1781 ; d. June 22, 1807, on his way home from 

VV. I. ; m. Elizabeth Lyman. 

6. Hervey 6 Mulford (Barnabas, 1 ' Barnabas,* Thomas, 3 Thomas, 2 
William 1 ) graduated from Yale, taking his degree in 17U4, and became a 
merchant, carrying on quite an extensive business in New York and .New 
Haven. He lost heavily by seizures on the high seas by French vessels of 
war during the trouble between France and England, when American com- 
merce was so seriously interfered with. The United States afterwards 
made a claim for losses sustained by American merchants at that time, 
which was admitted and duly adjusted by the French government. Never- 
theless, these just claims have never been satisfied by our government. 
Notwithstanding the fact that the appropriation bill has twice passed both 
houses of Congress, all the efforts of these merchants to obtain what was 
justly due them have failed through the withholding of the President's signa- 
ture. The first passage of this bill was largely due to the efforts of Mr. 
Mulford, who resided in Washington several winters for the express pur- 
pose of engineering this matter. His losses with interest amounted to, at 
a loose calculation, between $60,000 and Si 00,000. Hervey Mulford 
was married on Wednesday evening, March 29, 1707, by the Rev. James 
Dana, to Nancy, daughter of Abraham and Amy (Hemingway) Bradley, 
born Sept. 19, 1778. Mr. Bradley, the father of Mrs. Hervey Mulford, 
was a descendant of Isaac Bradley, who first settled at Branford in 1667, 
but removed to East Haven in 1683. Of others of his name some set- 
tled at Guilford and some in New Haven. Family tradition says the 
Bradleys emigrated from Bingley, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, 
England. Mr. Bradley was a successful merchant in New Haven, a 
founder of the New Haven Bank and one of its first stockholders. 
His wife's remains are interred in the beautiful crypt under the Cen- 
tre Church at New Haven, prepared by the liberal efforts and at the ex- 
pense of Thomas Rutherford Trowbridge, Jr., Esq., of that city. Mrs. 
Nancy (Bradley) Mulford died Aug. 19, 1841, ret. 62 years 11 mos. tier 
remains are interred in the Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven. Hervey 
Mulford was married to second wife Hannah B. Barker, wid. (Miss Mul- 
ford, his cousin), by the Rev. Leonard Bacon, D.D., on October 22, 1845, 
by whom he had no family. He died Feb. 1G, 1847, set. 69 years 7 mos. 
and 8 days. His remains are also interred in the Grove Street Cemetery 
by those of his first wife. Issue : 

i. Aity Bradley, b. Dec. 2, 1797 ; d. Dec. 6, 1797, set. 4 days. 

ii. Eliza Ann, b. Nov. 20, 17 ( J8 ; m. Hon. William K. Townsend, Dec. 
3, 1820. 

iii. Nancy Maria, b. Nov. 23, 1800 ; d. Feb. 5, 1863 ; m. Charles Robin- 
son, March 13, 1826. 

7. iv. James Hervey, b. Dee. 20, 1802 ; m. first, Rebecca G. Atwattr ; sec- 

ond wire, Alar}' M. Porter, wid. 
v. Jane Bradley, b. June 8, I8u5 ; d. Fob. 0, 1S75 ; m. Charles B. Whit- 
tlesey, May 25, 1828. 

8. vi. Abram Bradley, b. Nov. 3, 1800: m. Charlotte Waiden, March 22, 

1841. 
vii. Mehitatile Mary, b. Oct. 11, 1808 ; d. March 25, 1828, unm. 
viii. Cr\ce, b. March 17, 1814 ; d. Jan. 30, IS13. cet. 1 vear 10ms. IS <is. 
ix. Caroline, b. March 15. 1813; m. Joseph Barker, f'eb. 16, 1*35. 
x. Harriet, b. Feb. 22, 1810 ; in. beduey M. Stone, Sept. 14, 18-13. 

VOL. XXXIV. 16* 



180 Genealogy of the Family of Mid ford. [April, 

xi. George, b. at New York, Sept. 20, 1818 ; d. Jane 17, 1843, set. 24 

years, unm. 
xii. Julia Forbes, b. July 13, 1822 ; d. Aug. 31, 18-19, unm. 

7. JAMES Hervey 7 Mulford (Hervey? Barnabas? Barnabas? Tho- 
mas, 2 Thomas? William 1 ), born in New Haven, Dee. 26, 1802, was married 
March 14, 1826, by the Rev. Harry Crosweil, rector of Trinity Episcopal 
Church, New Haven, to Rebecca Gorham, dau. of Stephen and Elizabeth 
( Gorham) Atwater. This lady was lineally descended from David Atwa- 
ter, one of the original planters of the New Haven colony. James 
Hervey Mulford settled in New York city, where he became a merchant, 
being a member of the well-known firm of Atwater, Mulford & Co., of that 
city. He served as captain in 106 N. Y. Infantry Regiment. His com- 
mission bears date July 19, 1S27, and is signed by Gov. De Witt Clinton. 
Rebecca Gorham Atwater, wife of James Hervey Mulford. died in 
New York, May 17, 1845, get. 42 years 6 mos. and 20 days. Her remains 
were interred in the Grove Street Cemetery, New Haven. James H. | 

Mulford was married to second wife Mary Moore Porter, wid. (Miss Cun- 
ningham), at New Y T ork, Dec. 5, 1840, by the Rev. Mr. G. T. Bedell. Is- 
sue by first wife : | 
9. i. Hervey, b. May 13, 1827 ; d. April 26, 1866 ■ m. Fredcricka S. Ironside. 
ii. Mary, b. March 2S, 1829; m. J. Henry Coghiil, Esq., formerly of 
Virginia, author of the History of the Family of Coghiil. 
Elizabeth Atwater, b. Dec. 11, 1831; d. Feb. 3, 1879; in. Charles 



W. Crosby. 

I 

i 



James Hervey, late of the U. S. Navy, b. April 23, 1835. 

Issue by second wife : 

v. Emma S., b. Feb 27, 1S51 ; d. in infancy. 

vi. Eliza Phillips, b. Sept. 8, 1852; m. John E. Curran, Esq., counsel- 
lor-at-law. 

8. Abram Bradley 7 Mulford (Hervey? Barnabas? Barnabas? Tho- 
mas? Thomas? William 1 ), b. Nov. 3, 1S0G ; m. Charlotte, dan. of Thomas 
and Esther (Franklin) Walden, on the 22d March, 1844. This lady is 
descended from the Walden family of New York, vhose family vault may 
be seen in Trinity Church yard in that city, on the south side of the 
Church, and by her mother from the Franklin family of New York, after 
which Franklin Square was named, which once formed part of the Frank- 
lin estate. Abram early engaged in maritime pursuits, and has filled the 
position of commander in the merchant service for many years. Issue : 

i. James Hervey, b. Jan. 1, 1845 ; m. Josephine May. 

ii. Walden, b. March 7. 1817 ; d. Oet. 7, 1871, unm. 

iii. De Grasse Fowler, b. Aug. 9, 1849; unm. 

iv. Joseph Parker, b. May 13, 1857, unm. 

9. Hervey 8 Mulford (James Hervey? Hervey? Barnabas? Barna- 
bas? Thomas? Thomas? William 1 ), born at New Haven, May 15, 1827 ; 
was married to Fredericka S., dau. of William Ironside, Esq., counsellor- 
at-law, late of New York city, and Jane Cornelia Bissett his wife and 
granddaughter of George Edmund Ironside, Esq.. A.M., LL.D.. late of 
Washington, D. C, and formerly of Aberdeenshire, Scotland, June 24, 
1856. by the Rev. Samuel M. Haskins, D.D.. rector of St. Mark's Episco- 
pal Church of Wiiliamsburgh, L. L, N. Y. Hervey Mulford died April 26, 
1866. Issue : 

i. William Remsen, b. July 4, 1857 ; unm. (The writer of this sketch.) 
ii. Dexter Walker Ironside, b. Dec. 20, 1865. 



1880.] Portraits of JV. //. Governors and others. 181 



PORTRAITS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE GOVERNORS 
AND OTHERS. 

Communicated by the Hon. Benjamin F. Prescott, of Epping, N. H. 

IN the October number of the Register, 1874, 1 furnished a list of 
the portraits and busts which by personal effort I had secured for 
the state of New Hampshire, and for various institutions in the 
state. These portraits have in almost every instance been presented 
by kinsmen or friends. Since 187-1 the work has been continued at 
intervals, and many more have been added to the same collections. 
It may be of some interest to your subscribers and readers who may 
have read the other article, to see the additions which have been 
made since. I cannot remember all the data connected with each 
portrait, but as fully as they occur to me, I will give them. 

Governors of New Hampshire since 1785. 

John Taylor Gilman. — An Original by J. Harvey Young, from ma- 
terial furnished in shape of portraits and busts. Presented to the state by 
the Gilman family. 

John Bell. — Painted by Ulysses D. Tenney, and presented to the state 
by the Hon. Charles II. Bell, a son. 

Samuel Dinsmoor. Jr. — An original by Plainer Prescott. Presented 
to the state by Col. William Dinsmoor, a brother. 

Onslow Stearns. — An original by Edgar Parker. Presented to the 
state by Gov. Stearns. 

Person C. Cheney. — An original by E. L. Custe-. Presented to the 
state by Gov. Cheney. 

Benjamin" F. Prescott. — An original by Ulysses D. Tenney. Pre- 
sented to the state by Gov. Prescott. 

The group of Governors from 178-5 to 1879 is now complete, and this 
collection is placed in the Executive Council Chamber in Concord. 

Presidents of the N. H. Senate. 

James B. Creighton. — An original by U. D. Tenney. Presented to 
the state by Mr. Creighton. 

Charles G. Atherton. — An original. Presented to the state by Mrs. 
Charles G. Atherton. 

Harry Hiebard. — An original by U. D. Tenney. Presented to the 
state by the members of the New Hampshire bar. 

William P. Weeks. — An original by U. D. Tenney. Presented to the 
state by Hon. Joseph D. Weeks, a sou. 

David A. Warde. — An original. Presented to the state by Mrs. Da- 
vid A. Warde. 



182 Portraits of H, II. Governors and others. [April, 

William H. Y. Hackett. — An original by U. D. Tenney. Presented 
to the state by the sons of Mr. Hackett. 

John W. Sanborn. — An original by U- D. Tenney. Presented to the 
state by Mr. Sanborn. 

David H. Buffum. — An original by IT- D. Tenney. Presented to the 
state by Mr. Buffurn. 

Natt Head. — An original by Plumer Prescott. Presented to the state 
by Mr. Head. 

Miscellaneous Portraits. 

Jeremiah Mason. — An original by Chester Harding. Presented to the 
state by Robert M. Mason, a son. 

Samuel Cushman. — An original by Chester Harding. Presented to 
the state by Mrs. E. S. Cushman Tiiton, a daughter. 

Simeon Olcott, formerly a Chief Justice of the state. A copy from 
an original. Presented to the state by George Olcott, a grandson. 

Andrew S. Woods, Chief Justice. — An original by U. D. Tenney 
Presented to the state by Col. Edward Woods, a son. 

Theodore Atkinson. — Two thirds length, sitting posture. Original 
by J. Blackburn, 17 GO. (Copy.) 

Theodore Atkinson, Jr. — Two thirds length, standing position. Ori- 
ginal by J. Blackburn, 17 GO. (Copy.) 

JosEpn Cilley. — An original by U. D. Tenney. Presented to the j 

state by Mr. Cilley. Mr. Cilley was wounded at the battle of Lundy's 
Lane, under Gen. Miller. He is now living in Nottingham, N. EL, aged 89. 

Nathaniel P. Rogers. — An original by U. D. Tenney. Presented to 
the state by the Hon. Jacob H. Ela and the Hon. John R. French, the latter j 

a son-in-law. i 

Co,. Pkin P. Bixby. — An original by E. D. Tenney. Presented to the 
state by the friends of Col. Bixby. He was a brave ofiicer in the late j 

war. 

Phillips Exeter Academy. 

Theodore Lyman. — A marble bust. Presented to the Academy by i 

Theodore Lyman and Mrs. Cora H. Shaw of Boston, his son and daughter. 

George Bancroft. — An original by Schaus, of Berlin, Prussia. Pre- 
sented to the Academy by Mr. Bancroft. 

Richard Hildreth. — A copy in oil by U. D. Tenney, from a crayon. 
Presented to the Academy by Dr. Charles H. Hildreth, his brother. 

Wood bridge Odlin. — An original by Tenney. Presented to the 
Academy by Mr. Odiin. 

John Lang don Sibley. — An original by Vinton. Painted for the 
Academy by order of the Trustees. 

Joshua. W. Peirce. — An original by U. D. Tenney. Presented to the 
Academy by his children. 



1880.] Portraits of 2V 7 *. II. Governors and others. 



183 



James Walker, D.D., President of Harvard University. — A crayon, 
I Presented to the Academy by his family. 



Dartmouth College. 

Rev. Ezra. E. Adams, D.D. — A plaster cast. Presented to the College 
by Mrs. Adams. 

JonN AYheelock, LL.D. (second President of the College). — A paint- 
ing in oil by U. D. Tenney, from material furnished by the Hon. Daniel 
BlaisdeU. Presented to the College by Gov. B. F. Prescott. 

Daniel Dana, D.D. (fourth President). A copy by Thomas A. Law- 
son, from an original by the same artist. Presented to the College by the 
Hon Nathan Crosby. LL.D. 

Presented 



-An original by U. D. Tenney 
of Prof. Lonor. 



Prof. Clement Long, D.D.- 
to the College by several pupils 

Anthony Colby, Trustee and ex-Governor. — Original by U. D. Ten- 
ney. Copy by same artist. Presented to the College by Gen. Daniel E. 
Colby, a son. 

Hon. John D. Willard, a benefactor and graduate. — An original por- 
trait. Presented to the College by Al rs. "Willard. 

Rev. George T. Chapman, D.D. — An original by Edgar Parker. Pre- 
sented to the College by Miss Georgiana Chapman, a daughter. 

Hon. John D. Piiilbrick, LL.D. — An original by E, L. Custer. Pre- 
sented to the College by Mr. Philbriek. 

There were in Dartmouth College at the time Mr. Prescott commenced 
his labor to increase the gallery with the portraits of some of the emineut 
alumni, benefactors and college officers, the following list, which is substan- 



tially correct. Many of the in are line paintings, 
the best artists is represented. 



and the work of some of 



Rev. Elenze Wheelock, D.D. 

Rev. Francis Brown, D.D. 

Rev. Bennett Tyler, D.D. 

Rev. Nathan Lord, D.D., LL.D. 

Ebenezer Adams, A.M. 

Nathan Smith, M.D. 

Cvrus Perkins, M.D. 

Charles B. Haddock, LL.D. 

William Chamberlain, A.M. 

Dixi Crosby, M.D. , LL.D. 

Albert Smith, M.D. , LL.D. 

Rev. Benjamin Hale, D.D. 

Ira Young, A.M. 

Kev. David Peabody, A.M. 

Rev. Samuel G. Brown, D.D., LL.D. 

Rev. DanielJ. Noyes, D.D. 

Edward D. Sanborn, LL.D. 

Stephen Chase. A.M. 

Edmund R. Peadee, M.D., LL.D. 

John S. Woodman, A.M. 

Rev. John N. Putnam, A.M. 

Rev. Charles A. Aiken, D.D., Ph.D. 

Hun. James W. Patterson, LL.D. 

William Legge, see'd Earl of Dartmouth. 

John Phillips, LL.D. 



Kev. Nathaniel Whittaker, D.D. 

Hon. Daniel Webster, LL.D. 

Hon. Jeremiah Mason, LL.D. 

Hon. Jeremiah Smith, LL.D. 

Hon. Joseph Hopkiuson. 

Amos Twitched, M.D. 

Richard Fletcher. LL.D. 

Hon. Matthew Harvey. 

Hon. Char lea Marsh. 

Hon. Rufus Choate. LL.D. 

Richard B. Kimball, LL.D. 

Abial Chandler. 

Samuel Appleton, A.M. 

John Conant. 

Gen. Sylvanus Thayer, LL.D. 

John Quiucy Adams, LL.D. 

A Knight, in Armor. 

A Lady, a companion picture. 

A Portrait of a supposed Italian poet. 

A Bust of Rev. Nathan Lord in marble. 

John Hubbard, A.M. 

Alpheus Crosby, A.M. 

Thomas R. Crosby, M.D. 

Henry Winkley, a benefactor. 



184 Seals in the Collection of Hon. M. Chamberlain. [April, 

In this collection there are also six slabs with seven heroic figures in 
has relief, from a temple in Nineveh, the gift of Sir Henry Rawlinson, ob- 
tained through the efforts of the Rev. Austin H. "Wright, D.D., of Gorootni- 
ah, Persia. 

Through the efforts of ex- Gov. Prescott, a large number during the past 
year have been promised to this already interesting and valuable gallery. 
Among these may be mentioned, the Hon. Salmon P. Chase, ex-Chief Jus- 
tice of the United States, the Hon. Isaac F. Redfieid, ex-Chief Justice of 
Vermont, the Hon. E. W. Stoughtou. late U. S. Minister to Russia, the Hon. 
Edward F. Noyes, U. S. Minister to France, the Hon. John Wentworth 
of Chicago, the Rev. Ebenezer Porter. D.D., the Rev. Laban Ainsworth, 
for seventy-five years pastor of Cong. Church in JafTrey, N. II., Profs. Os- 
good Johnson and Samuel H. Taylor, formerly Principals of Phillips 
Academy, Andover, Mass., the Hon. Joseph Bell, Prof. Benjamin Green- 
leaf, Major-Gen. Eleazer Wheelock Ripley, the Rev. Asa Burton. D.D., 
George H. Bissell, the donor of Bissell Hall, the Hon. William Reed, a 
benefactor, Dr. Henry Bond, the Hon. Thaddeus Stevens, Judges Ether 
and George F. Shepiey. Those of Judges Levi Woodbury and Ira Perley, 
the Hon. Amos Kendall, the Hon. George P. Marsh, and the Hon. Samuel 
Fessenden are expected. 

When the collection at Dartmouth College receives the above and many 
others equally eminent who have been connected with the institution, it 
will offer an attraction which can hardly be found in any College in the 
country. With patient and well directed effort, much can be accomplished 
by one person, as can be seen from the above record, and that published in 
the October number of the Register of 1874. When these collections are 
substantially completed, it is very easy to keep them so. 



SEALS IN THE COLLECTION OF THE HON. MELLEN 
CHAMBERLAIN. 

From the Report of the Committee on Heraldry of the New Enoland Historic, Gen- 
ealogical Society, January 7, 18S0. 

THE Hon. Mellen Chamberlain, to whom your committee is much in- 
debted, has allowed them to look over and describe the following 
seals from among his val liable collections. 

These seals are hereinafter described as accurately as possible, and the 
name of the writer of the letter to which they are attached given ; but it 
must be borne in mind that this is no proof that the gentlemen had any 
right to the arms they used on these missives, and in point of fact, three 
of the coats of arms, so used among these collections, are known by your her- 
alds not to belong to the writers of the letters to which they are appended. 

Richard Henry Lee.— Quarterly ; 1st and 4th, a fesse cheque between ten billets ; 
2d and 3d, argent, within a tressure between nine erossletta a mullet. 

Ralph hzard, 177 ( J. — Arms— five leopards' heads guardant. Crest— an Indian's 
head piurued. 

George Rvss.— Gules, three Lions rampant. Crest— a hand grasping a bough. 

On a family deed dated Dee. 7th, 1G77, and signed by Eleanor Cutt, Thomas 
and Bridget Daniel, and William and Margaret Vaughn, wile, daughters and sons 



1880.] Letter from the Earl of Bellomont, 185 

in law of Richard Cufct, all but Mrs. Vaughn use the following seal : Crest — Out 
of a sheaf of wheat a doe's head erased. 

Paul Dudley, 1707. — A lion rampant queue fourchee ; these are the well known 
Dudley arms. 

Joseph Dudley, 1702. — Quarterly ; 1st and 4th, a stag's head ; 2d and 3d, ermine, 
in centre a mullet. These are not the Dudley arms. 

Joseph Sherlock, Sheriff under Andros in 1687. — Three fleurs de lis; in chief a 
mullet. 

Governor Stnughton, 1694. — On a saltire between four door-staples, an escallop. 

John Randolph, father of John of Roanoke. — A goat's head erased holding a 
truncheon. 

John dishing, Judge 1747-71.— On a bend cotized, three crescents. 

Thomas Pownall, Gov. of Mass. — A lion rampant. Crest — A lion's jambe hold- 
ing a key. 

Richard Peters, Secretary of War, 1776-81. — On a chief, a rose; on a bend be- 
tween two escallops, two cinqfoils. 

Dr. Allen Bancroft. — Chcquee argent and azure ; on a bend argent, three lion- 
eels passant guardant azure. — Crest — A pelican vulning its breast. These arms are 
really those of the Chandlers, with whom the Bancrofts are connected. 

Francis Dana. Jr. — He used the arms of John Jeffries, M.D., whose descendants 
row have the seal of which this is an impression ; its use by Mr. Dana must have 
been accidental. 

Sable, a lion rampant or; between three scaling ladders of the second. Crest — 
A castle or ; the two end towers domed. 

Henry Clay. — Crest — A lion's head erased. 

William Livingston, Gov. of New Jersey. — Quarterly ; 1st and 4th, three trefoils 
within a tressure tleury counter floury ; 2d and 3d quarterly, 1st & 4th, a chevron ; 
2d & 3d, three martlets. Crest appears to he a ship on a rock. 

Motto. *' Aut Mors, aut vita," followed by one illegible word. 

Edward Livingston. — Poor impression. Quarterly ; only the first quarter can be 
made out ; it is the same as that in the arms of Win. Livingston ; Crest — a ship on 
a ruck. 

Jonathan W/Hiams, Jr., U. S. Commercial Agent in 1777 ; 1775. — Lion rampant. 
Crest— a bird statant. 



LETTER FKOM THE EARL OF BELLOMONT. 

Communicated by William B. Trask, Esq., or* Boston. 

TITHE following letter of Richard Coote, Earl of Bellomont, is 
A copied from the Massachusetts Archives, Vol. 106, page 424. 
William Stoughton was then lieutenant governor, and had been the 
acting governor of Massachusetts since Nov. 17, 1694, when Sir 
William Bhips, the governor, sailed for England. Bellomont was 
appointed by king "William, March 16, 1696-7, governor of New 
York, Massachusetts and New Hampshire. His commission, dated 
June 18, 1697, is printed in full in the New York Colonial Docu- 
ments, Vol. IV. pp. 266—73. It will be seen by this letter that he 
did not arrive in New York till April 2, 1G98. It was the 20th of 
May., 1G99, before he came to Boston. 



186 Early Records of JST. II. Families. [April, 

This letter is intere 
arrival in New York, 



This letter is interesting as one of the first which he wrote after his 



N. York 4 th Aprill 98. 
Gentlemen 

I thank God I arriv'd safely at this place the 2 d Inst, after a tedious 
troublesome voyage ; and here I have met w th an effectual demonstration 
of your kind good wishes to me, expressed in the Late Proclamation where- 
by you Injoin a fast ; for which I give you my hearty thanks, and must 
acknowledge the efficacy your devout prayers had in rescuing me, as I be- 
lieve they did, from the dangers of storms and seas and likewise from the 
sicknesse \v ch broke out again at Barbados some time before my Coming 
from thence Insomuch as God was pleased to spare me and all that be- 
longed to me, tho my Lieu' Gov r of N. York who Came from Engl d w th me, 
Lost two servants out of three w ch he Carried to Barbados. I am newly 
out of a fit of the gout, oecasion'd as I believe by the Cold I suffer'd on Ship- 
board now Lately on this Coast : and because I write w th trouble 10 me. I 
Cannot pretend to write to you of businesse till the next occasion, when 
God willing you shall hear further from 

Gentlemen 

Your very affectionate 

friend and humble servant 
Bellomont. 
[Superscribed :] 

For his M te Service 

For The hon ble the Lieut Govemour and Council 
of his M ts Province of Massachusetts bay 

Boston. 



EARLY RECOEDS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE FAMILIES. 

Communicated by the Rev. Alonzo H. Quint, D.D., of Dover, N. H. 
X extremely valuable list, under the above title, was published 



in the REGISTER, April, 1853. 

that printed list with the original document shows a very few needed 
corrections. I note all differences, however slight. 

The surnames prefixed to each paragraph, in small capitals, are 
not in the original. 

Page 115. For Burnham, always read Burnam. 

Page 116. Brown should be Buowne. Line 10 — Thomas *° -—ne's 
wife was A'bial. Bonmore should read Benmore. 

Page 117, line 0. For Joshua Coffin, read Jethro Coffin. Line II — 
Severance (undoubtedly the modern form) should read Seauerne. Line 
33 — for Leighton, read Laighton. Brown should be Browne. Line 43 
— erase doubt as to Silly ; the name is perfectly plain. 

Page 118, line 1. Before "26" insert "born." Line 7 — for Downs, 
read Downes. Last line — Elizabeth Doe was born in 1G73, not 1G78. 

Page 110, line 11. Plainly Meed, not Mud. 



1880.] Longmeadow Families, 187 

Page 120, line 3. Nicholas Foliett married Mary Hull, not Hall. Line 
8 — Elibu Gullison married Martha Trickie. Line 11 — Justice Frost- For 
Horn, read Horne. 

Page 121. John Hodey married Mary Reddan, not Iloddan. Under 
Haynes, Mathias was son, not daughter. 

Page 122. Reuben Hull married Hannah Farniside, not Farmside. 
Jose is always Jock in this record. 

Page 123, first line. For 1707, read 1702. For Kostlo (wherever it 
occurs) read Kettle. Line 14 — insert "died" after Daniel Ludecas. 

Page 125, line 3. Noah is plainly Neale. Line 7 from bottom — for 
" Murder" read Munclen. (Pike's record, however, gives it Murden.) 

£age 120. Under Philbkook, line 20, insert " born" before 10 Nov. 
1690. Line 35— The apparent error that William, b. 1697-8, d. 1677-8, is 
an error of the original. 

Page 127, line 10. " Trephane " is correct. Line 17 — "Manyard" is 
correct. Line 3 from bottom — " coop." is not certain ; it might read 
" capt." 

Page 128, line 1. Creeber is plain. Line 3 — for Starboard read Star- 
beard. 

Page 129. Under Weekes — Joseph, born 1671, is according to the 
record. Wallis is written vVollis. 

Page 130, line 10. Elizabeth Wibird was born 27 Aug. 1709. 



LONGMEADOW (MASS.) FAMILIES. 

Communicated by Willard S. Allen, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from page 34.] 

5th Generation. Zadock Colton, son of Gideon and Joanna, wa3 mar- 
ried Nov. 5, 1794, to Hulda Lancton, daughter of . John, born Aug. 7, 

1797. Hidda, Sept. 28, 1801. Chauncy, Jan. 29, 1300. 

Dimon Colton, of Springfield, son of Capt. Charles and Mercy, was 
married 1790 to Thankful Bliss, daughter of Timothy and Thankful. 
Their children — Luanda, b. July 7, 1791. Roderick Merrick, born Oct. 
19, 1793. Nancy, born Aug. 29, 1795. Lucy Bliss, born Nov. 17, 1797. 
George Augustus, born June 23, 1800. Almira, April 24, 1803. Fran- 
cis, Jan. 3, 1805. Charles and William, born Jan. 19, 1808. Dimon Col- 
ton the father died June 11, 1818. 

[Page 70.] 5th Generation. Asa Colton, son of Ephraim and Sarah, 

was married to Margaret Stiles, daughter of , Nov. 1, 1757. Their 

children — Margaret, born June 18, 1758, died Nov. 13, 1806. Margaret 
the mother died June 18, 1758. Asa Colton the father married again, 
April 20, 1701, to Sarah YVarriner, widow of Reuben Warriner. Their 
children — Enoch, b. Nov. 30, 1761. Asa, born Sept. 5, 17G3. Daniel, 
bom April 13, 1705. Lucius, born Jan. 31, 17 CO. Willard, born Sept. 
27, 1770. Electa. bon:i July 22, 1772. Cloe, bnrr> t\ t ov . 24, 1774, died 
Jan. 11, 1775. Simeon, born March 31, 1776, cued July 16, 1777. Sime- 
on, born Jan. 7, 1778, died Aug. 23. 1778. Margaret the daughter was 
married March 27, 1780, to Lemuel Parsons. Asa Colton the father died 
March 18, 1778. Lucina was married to Elijah Walker of Vershire. 
vol. xxxiy. 17 



188 Longmeadoiv Families. [April, 

Electa was married to Oliver Enos of Wintonburg, Sept. 15, 1791. Sa- 
rah the mother died April 3, IS 1 6. She was the daughter of Simon 
Willard. 

5th Generation. Samuel Colton, son of Samuel and Lucy, was married 
to Anne Gregory Warriner, daughter of Dea. Noah and Grace Warriner, 
of Wilbraham, March 6, 1799. Their children— Lucy, born Dec. 16, 1799. 
Samuel, born April 20, 1301. Mary Anne, Dec. 11, 1802. Emeline, June 
30, 1804, died March 6, 1863. Flavia, born Aug. 18, 1805. Samuel 
Colton the father died June 17, 1811. Anne the mother married Rev. 
Gideon Burt, March 12, 1816. Lucy married E. W. Storrs, then of Am- 
herst, June 19, 1828. Mary Anne married Sandford Lawton, of Dudley, 
Dec, 4, 1828. Flavia married John Hall Brockway, of Ellington, Ct., 
June 22, 1829. Emeline married Luther Wright, of Ellington, Oct. 8, 
1829. Anne the mother was married to Rev. Gideon Burt, November 12, 
1816. 

[Page 71.] 5th Generation. Thomas Colton, son of Thomas and Deb- 
orah, was married July 24, 1788, to Hannah Bliss, daughter of Aaron and 
Miriam. Their children — Lucy, born June 8, 1789. died Mav 14, 1862. 
Belinda, born April 26, 1791. 'Deborah, born March 23, 179*3. Thomas 
Dudley, Nov. 30, 1794. Alvah, Oct. 13, 1796. Hannah, May 24, 1802. 
Lucy was married Jan. 11, 1809, to Calvin Bliss, son of Noah and Abigail 
Bliss. Hannah the mother died April 6, 1822. Thomas the father was 
found dead in Weatbersfield, Ct., Dec. 24, 1824. 

5th Generation. Israel Colton, son of Dea. Aaron and Mary Colton, 
was married Nov. 29, 1775, to Martha Wright, daughter of Elnathan and 
Mary Wright, of Northampton. He died May 6, 1818. She died April 
4, 1829. Their children— Martha, born Sept. 24, 1776, died Dec. 13, 1821. 
Miranda, July 29, 1778, died Oct. 18, 1799. Israel, June 10, 1780. died 
Dec. 21, 1833. Aaron, Oct. 9, 1782. Horace, Sept. 30,1784. Nancv, 
Sept. 2, 1786. Warham, Sept. 1, 1788. Sylvia, Oct. 27, 1790. Nancy 
was married Oct. 11, 1810, to Oliver Bridgman, of Belchertown. Sylvia 
was married Jan. 7, 1812, to Capt. George Gilbert, of Belchertown, Mass. 

5th Generation. Dea. William Colton, son of Dea. Aaron and Mary 
Colton, was married Oct. 7, 1777, to Hannah Colton, daughter [Page 72] 
of Ebenezer and Deborah. He died May 6, 1825. Their children — 
William Merrick, born Aug. 22, 1778, died Feb. 17, 1823, age 44. Adol- 
phus, born Feb. 22. 1780, died July 13, 1782. Hannah, boru Feb. 7, 1782. 
Rhodolphus, born Dec. 3, 1784. Sophrone, born Oct. 14, 1786. Jedu- 
than, born July 29, 1791. Hannah Colton the mother died Oct. 9, 1808. 
Dea. William Colton was married again, 1809, to Eleanor Pomeroy, wid- 
ow of William Pomeroy, of Northampton. Hannah the daughter wa3 
married Jan. 14, 1808, to Erastus Goldthwait. Sophrone was married, 
Sept. 29. 1808, to Calvin Pierce. The sons, see page 83. 

5th Generation. Aaron Colton, son of Dea. Aaron and Mary Colton, 
settled in Hartford, April 5, 1787, married Elizabeth Olmsted, of Ease 
Hartford. Their children — Laura, born May 2, 1788. Betsey, born March 
18, 1794. Anson, Dec. 23, 1797. Nathan, born May 27, 1799. 

5th Generation. W;ilter Colton, son of Dea. Aaron and Mary Colton, 
was married 1793, to Thankful Cobb, daughter of John Cobb, of Ha?&- 
wick, state of Massachusetts. Their children-— Harry, born Oct. 26, 1793. 
Susannah, born July 20, 1795. Walter, born May 9, 1797. Quintus C, 
born May 22, 1799. William, born March 22, 1801. Addison Ely, born 
April 2, 1803. Hannah, born April 4, 1805. 



1880.] Longmeadow Families, 189 

[Page 73.] 5th Generation. Lieut. Henry Colton, son of Henry and 
Mary Colton, was married Oct. 4, 1797, to Lydia Booth, daughter of Jo- 
seph and Mary Booth. Their children — Lydia, born Oct. 29, 1798, died 
Sept. 21, 1802. Henry, born Oct. 8, 1800. David, born Oct. 3, 1803. 
Lydia, born May 28, 1805. Sophrona, born Jan. 10, 1809. Sarah, born 
March 10, 1811, died about the year 1821. 

5th Generation. Jacob Colton, son of Henry and Mary Colton, was mar- 
ried Nov. 15, 1798, to Cynthia Chandler, daughter of Stephen and Free 
Love Chandler. Their children — Jacob, born Sept. 10, 1799. Cynthia, 
born Sept. 14, 1802. Daniel, born July 16, 1805. Naomy, born Feb. 8, 
1812, died Nov. 20, 1815. David Burt, born Jan. 20, 1821. Jacob Col- 
ton the father died Feb. 6, 1845, aged 69. 

5th Generation. Ethan Colton, son of Henry and Mary Colton, was 
married March 23, 1804, to Ruth Stebbins, daughter of Zadock and Urania 
Stebbins. Their children — Theodore, born Jan. 15, 1805. Margaret Cha- 
piu, born April 10, 1808. Sophia Stebbins, born Aug. 5. 1810. Ruth 
Colton the mother died June 25, 1814. Ethan Colton the father died April 
9, 1828. 

[Page 74.] 5th Generation. Ebenezer Chandler Colton, son of Capt. 
Ebenezer and Miriam Colton, was married Nov. 19, 1795, to Phebe Bar- 
ton. She was born Aug. 11, 1774, daughter of John and Abigail Barton. 
She died Aug. 2G, 1842, age 68. He died Oct. 29, 1846, age 75. Their 
children — Rums, born Aug. 24, 1796, lived near Amsterdam, N. Y. 
Phebe, born Nov. 15, 1797, died Nov. 21, 1827. Lyman, born May 13, 
1799, married Jerusha Williams. Hannah Warren, born Feb. 8, 1801, 
married Julius Edwards, May 1, 1851. Jeinda, b. March 24, 1803. Ebene- 
zer, b. Feb. 17, 1805, lived at West Springfield. John, born May 2, 1807, 
lived at Philadelphia. Rhoda, born Dec. 31, 1809, married Samuel C. 
Booth. Caroline, born Sept. 3, 1811, married James S. H. Hamelton. 
David, born Aug. 10, 1813, lived at Philadelphia. Chauncy, born Aucr. 
27, 1821, married Betsey M. Havens, of Somers, 1845. ^Sancy, bora 
March 7, 1816, died April 1, 1852. 

5th Generation. Erastus Colton, son of Capt. Ebenezer and Miriam 
Colton, was married Nov. 29, 1798, to Cynthia Brewe •, daughter of George 
and Naomy Brewer. Their children — Erastus, born Sept. 30, 1799. Rich- 
ard, born Nov. 6. 1803. Cynthia, born Dec. 2, 1805. Bela, born Jan. 23, 
1808. Chester Woodworth, born Aug. 1, 1810. 

[Page 75.] 5th Generation. Melzar Colton, sou of Capt. Ebenezer 
and Miriam Colton (page 64), was married . 

5th Generation. Asahel Colton, son of Solomon and Lucy Colton, wa3 
married June 5, 1787, to Sarah Lancton, daughter of John and Sarah, of 
West Springfield. Their children — William, born Nov. 25, 1789, died Jan. 
16, 1871, at Chicopee. Solomon, born June 9, 1791, lived at , Ver- 
mont. Sally, born March 17, 1793, died Nov. 3, 1868. Asahel, born Feb. 
26, 1795. Sarah the mother died March 29, 1797. Asahel Colton the 
father was married again Feb. 21, 179b, to Susannah Cheney, daughter of 
Benjamin and Deborah Cheney, of East Hartford. Their children — Anna, 
born Sept. 14, 1799. Susannah the mother died Feb. 11, 1810. Asahel 
Colton was married again Aug. 6, 1811, to Flavia Hale, daughter of Silas 
and Hannah Hale (page 140). She died Oct. 13, 1840, age 74 years. He 
died Jan. 6, 1831, age 75 years. 

5th Generation. Martin Colton, son of Lieut, Festus and [Page 76] 
Eunice Colton, was married July 12, 1792, to Beula Burt, daughter of Jon- 



190 Marriages in Boston, Mass. [April, 

atlmn and Hannah Burt. Their children — Rebecca, born Oct. 21, 1703' 
married Silas Hale. Charissa, born Nov. 1. 3 795, married Silas Hale, died 
Dec. 1840. Lucius, born Feb. 9, 1798, died Sept. 3, 1822, age 24. Jus- 
tin, born May 19, 1800. Flavia, born August 21, 1802. Jonathan Burt, 
born Auc;. IS, 1804. lived at Windsor. Albert, born Nov. 1, 1806, died July 
31, 1813, age 6. The father died Aug. 24, 1828. 

5th Generation. Festus Colton, son of Lieut. Festus, was married Aug. 
1806, to Lois Richardson, daughter of Jesse and Anne Richardson, of 
Somers. Their children — Lucinda, born Jau. 14, 1809. Lorenzo, born 
Dec. 14, 1810. 

[Page 77.] 6th Generation. Asa Colton, son of Asa and Sarah, was 
married June 13. 1793, to Abigail Bliss, daughter of Ebenezer and Abigail 
Bliss. Their children— Justin, born March 24, 1794, died March 12, 1798. 
Newton, born Sept. 17, 1795, married Naomi Robinson, of Granville. 

Abigail, born Feb. 25, 1797. Sarah, born June 23, 1798, married , 

Dec. 14, 1824. Clarinda and Miranda, born Feb. 15, 1800. Miranda died 
July, 1851. Justin, born Jan. 5, 1802, married Emeline Phelps, of Tor- 
rington. Simeon, born Sept. 10, 1803, died Sept. 29, 1S05. Moses, born 
Aug. 3, 1805, died July 17, 1828. Justin married Sophia F. Colton, pub- 
lished June 6, 1833. Emeline bis wife died Aug. 30, 1832, age 25. Abi- 
gail the mother died Aug. 13, 1842, age 73. 

4th Generation. Moses Cohon, of Wilbraham, son of Isaac and Mary 
Colton, was married Dec. 27, 1753, to Hannah Hitchcock, daughter of Na- 
thaniel and Hannah Hitchcock. Their children — Moses, born Oct. 7, 1754, 
died Oct. 20, 1774. Hannah, born Dec. 26, 1756. Thankful, born Dec. 
21, 1759, died May 1, 1775. Nathan, born July 29, 1761. Reuben, born 
Dec. 7, 1764. Aaron, born Oct. 15, 176S. Eunice, born Nov. 28, 1791. 
Moses Colton the father died of the small pox, Feb. 24, 1777. Hannah 
his widow died Dec. 3, 1789. Eunice was married Nov. 15, 1792, to John 
Hale. See page 142. 

[To be continued.] 



MARRIAGES IN BOSTON, MASS. 

FROM THE ORIGINAL CERTIFICATES OF THE CLERGYMEN OFFICIATING- 

[Continued from p. 9G.] 
Communicated by William S. Appletox, A.M., of Boston. 

VIII. By the Rev. Samuel Willard, 1702. 

Boston. 1702. Married. 
Octob. 29. m r Jno. Elzy. m s Mary Sims. 
Nov r 5. m. Jno. Taylor m Anne Wmslow. 

Nov r 29. Andrew Bucklow, Sara Souther. 
Nov r 26. Jno. Seccomb, Mehetabol Symonds. 
Dec r 2-5. Tho Stevens of Cituate. Mary Holland. 
Jan. 21. W m Tedman, Rebekah Fitch. 
March 28. m. Ezekiel Lewis, m. Mary Braden. 

p Sam 1 Willard. 



1880.] Marriages in Boston, Mass, 191 

IX. By the Rev. Ehenezer Pemberton, 1705. 
1705. 

— K May. 8 th : Sam 11 Belknap. Elizab: Jones. 

— D May. 21: Eliezer Dunham. Miriam Phillips. 

— R Richard Reed. Hannah Walker. 

— S June 19. Samuel Smith. Sarah Plasteed. 

— C Aug. 2. Gho. Cove. Jean Holes. 

— R 23. Francis Robinson. Mary Codner. 

— K 27. Stephen Ivempton. Ruth Ingledew. 

— C Sept: 27. Ebenezer Chamberlain. Martha Thomas. 

— P Oct: 4. m r Joseph Policy. M ra Eliz: Hitchbborn. 

— S Jan: 10. m 7 Sam 1 Salter, m 1 * 8 Sarah Timberlake. 

Marry'd p me. Eben r : Pembeton. 

X. By the Rev. Benjamin Colman, 1708 and 1719. 

Isaac Stollard, ) T , r , a „ 
Mary Cox. J M ^u2/. 

M r Lancelot Lake. ") , r rth 
M" Katherine Child, f M '^ b * 



^etLad. }Se P temV7-\ 



M r James Lowle, ) » *. i o 

M» Eliz. Gustin. | Au S ust 12 ' 

M'Sam ll Tyley, ) A 99d 

M" Eliz. Tulley. / A 

M r W m Sanders, 

M" Brid< 

M r Nathan Howel, ) r\ . ■> 

M rs Katharine George, J 

M r Ebenezer Baker, ) ~ . , ,.«. 

M» Ann Hall. [October,*. 

M r Jonathan Burnel, ) AT ~ th 

M r9 c r , V iNovem. 2o m 

" Susanna Rogers. ) 

Edward Co 

Abigail Be] 

Peter Villers, 

. Oxfor 

Marry'd by Benj a Colman in the year 1708. 



ward Cooper, ) , 
igail Berry. J x 



ford,} March25,h - 



Married by Benjamin Colman within the year 1719. 

— M M r William Mavcock, )„ , D1 ir ., A i 

M-MaryMeers. [ March. 31, 1719. 

_W Thomas Wilson, j \, \ 

Sarah lhomson. j j 

— W M r Joshua Wroe, ) T OA 

M" Anna Webster. [ June ' ° ' 

— P Ephraim Philips, ) S t 3 

Ann Fenwick. ) 
-R M' Samuel Royal ) Q 

M re Priscilla Adams, j uaoD 1S *' 

— M M r Antipas Marshal, ) ^ T - 

M" Rebecca Kilby. \ * ovem - 5 " 

VOL. XXXIV. 17* 



192 A Sketch of the Howlands. [April, 

— N George Newman, 7 X t , 
c ,°^ , ' y Govern. 12. 
barah jNewcomb. ) 

— G Alexander Ghrimes, ) ^ -,n 

Elizabeth Delarock. J 

— P M* Mark Potts, j n 99 

M» Abigail Silloway. j Uecem - '*' 

— C John Cornet, ) -^ no 

wi i. T\r 11 > Decern. 22. 
Wfimot Moulds, j 

— T M r Isaiah Tay, > -p, „ i 

Am at to- n - r JJecem. 2i. 
M rs Mary « a!kms. ) 

— G Morrice Gibbins, } T - 

Mary Roberts. J JaDua7 > 7 ' 

— S M r Joseph Scot, ") T . . 

M" Mehitabel Webber, j Jan * 14 ' 

— C M r Stephen Cushingr ) 

Arrs i- *i • i-'., c > ternary. 18. 
M ri Katharine Kilby. \ J 

— II M r Andrew Halliburton, ) ^ , on 

M" Naomi Fig. f * ebruaT 7 *>• 

— R M r Benjamin Rolph, ) - f , 
M" Elizabeth Garland, f iUarch - *• 



A SKETCH OF THE ROWLANDS. 

Communicated by L. M. Holland, Esq., of New York City. 

THE genealogist, in his endeavors to trace the connection between the 
families emanating from the Pilgrim fathers and those of the same 
name who had existence in Europe during the first period of emigration in 
the 17th century, has chiefly to contend with an almost invariable lack of 
any clue upon which to base his investigations. 

The existing records bearing relation to the Pilgrims are generally silent 
as to their social history in England, and offer but little data, if indeed any 
at all, to help the family historian in his researches on the other side of the 
Atlantic. 

In the case of the three contemporaneous Rowlands, however, there wa3 
sufficient encouragement offered to authorize the investigations lately made 
by Col. Chester, of whose researches in London the present opportunity is 
taken to give a brief outline. 

Previous to 1830 nothing had ever been done to connect the family of How- 
land in this country with those of the same name living in England, during 
the period in which Plymouth colony had its foundation, but a few years 
later a descendant of Henry Rowland brought over a copy of a genealogy 
of the family, which had been discovered among the records of the Herald's 
College in London. This memorandum has since been extensively circu- 
lated, and accepted as bearing a positive relation to John Rowland of the 
Mayflower. The record began with a 

John Rowland, citizen and Salter of London, and claimed that it was 
through his son John, who married Emme daughter of Nicholas Revell, 
that the Pilgrim Rowland was descended. 

Co!. Chester's investigntions disprove this, and show further the extraor- 
dinary fact, that the surname Rowland 13 found in no other county in Eng~ 



1880.] A Sketch of the Rowlands. 193 

land than Essex, and originally in no other locality in that county except at 
Newport, Wicken, and their immediate vicinity. 

At the period of the Pilgrim Rowland's birth, there were living there 
contemporaneously several distinct families of the name, who were all in 
some way connected. 

The head of the first line was, 

John Howland of Newport Pond in the county of Essex, w r hose will 
was proved 12th of April, 1550. His son John 3 Howland, the citizen and 
Salter, has been already mentioned, born in Newport Pond, married Anne, 
daughter of John Green way of Win ton, co. Norfolk. His brother Ralph 
became distinguished as an alderman of London and Master of the Grocers' 
Company. John 2 Howland, the citizen and Salter, bad eleven sons and one 
daughter, who died an infant. 

Several of his sons attained eminence, the most notable of whom were : 

The Right Reverend Richard 3 Howland, eldest son, Bishop of Peter- 
borough, a painting of whom is extant, and has been photographed. John 3 
Howland of London, second son, baptized 10th of August, 1541, and buried 
in the church of St. Mary's, Middlesex. He married Emme, daughter of 
Nicholas Revell, citizen and grocer of London. 

His son John 4 Howland is the one which has been hitherto considered 
as identical with John Howland of the Mayflower ; but as Mr. Chester 
conclusively proves, the former died unmarried and was buried in England. 

The seventh son, Sir Giles 3 Howland, in 1599 bought lar^e estates in 
Surrey, and although his descendants were numerous, they eventually left 
no male isiue ; this was also the. case with the progeny of his brothers. 

The second family of Howland is traced back to John 1 Howland of the 
Stone, of Wicken, co. Essex; living in 149G, but who died after 1509. 

Of his sou John 2 Howland nothing is known but that he named his 
youngest child John 3 Howland. This John 3 was married at Newport to 
Blanche, daughter of William Nightingale, Gentleman. Had four sons 
and three daughters. 

The youngest child, Jeffrey 4 Howland, a posthumous son, was baptized 
in Ne vport 29th July, 1593. He became a citizen and grocer of London, 
and afterwards succeeded to the Streatham estates of Sir Giles Howland, 
of the family previously mentioned, to whom he was closely related, as not 
only this fact proves, but also the constant mention of him as " cousin " in 
the wills of the other line. The family of Jeffrey Howland culminating 
in an heiress, these vast estates passed into the hands of the Duke of Bed- 
ford by the marriage of Wrotheriy 2d Duke to Elizabeth " only daughter 
and heir. 7 ' The property was so considerable that this nobleman was in- 
duced to seek and obtain the title of Baron Howland, which the present 
representative of the family still bears. 

There was then a third contemporaneous John Howland, called " of the 
Wood, in Wicken," evidently to distinguish him from the others, but of him 
the London records reveal nothings 

A fourth John Howland, designated as u husbandman," having children 
baptized at Newport from 1576 to certainly 1583, is also to be mentioned, 
as being of a separate family. 

His history, and that of his children, can only be had by reference to the 
Newport registers. 

A certain Robert Howland, buried in Debuen, Essex, 23d Nov. 1616, 
had a son named John who was living at Newport in 1616, 

Lastly, Col. Chester mentions a family of Howland composed of 



194 Letter of Walter Barnesley. [April, 



Humphrey Rowland, citizen and draper of London, whose will was 
proved July 10. 164G. 

George Howland of St. Dunstans in the East, London, Arthur Howland, 
John Howland, and Henry Howland. These three brothers in the order 
named were in 1646 to have £8, £4 and £4 out of the debt due to the 
testator by Mr. Ruck of New England. This points conclusively to Ar- 
thur and Henry Howland of the Plymouth Colony, and proves that they 
had a brother John Howland, who can be no other than John Howland of 
the Mayflower. 

Col. Chester, in giving these facts, unfortunately exhausted the London 
records, and nothing remaining to be done in the city, he awaits the authori- 
zation of those interested to continue his investigations in Essex and Herts. 
His thoroughness, erudition and reliability, are ample guarantee that 
everything will be clone to render the history of Howland, which he will 
write, complete in every detail. 

He has hardly ever conducted an investigation which offered so many 
elements of success as the one at present contemplated, and is sanguine 
of ultimately accomplishing his object. 

Governor Bradford's statement that John Howland married Elizabeth 
Tilley, does not nullify the position taken by many, that either she was his 
second wife, or if his only one, that she might still have been the grand- 
daughter of Governor Carver. A family tradition, as complete and decided 
as the one which claims Rowland's connection by marriage with Carver's 
family, coming to us through every branch, and in one instance throug 
but four generations from the Pilgrims, is deserving of the most exhaust- 
ive investigation. 

It is not at all unlikely that Mr. Chester's further research will lay this 
mooted point forever at rest, besides throwing much interesting light con- 
cerning the antecedents of Gov. Carver. To this end it is suggested that 
such as may take an interest in the matter communicate with the writer, 
who will furnish all the information in his power, especially in regard to the 
expenses, which are comparatively small. 

The history which Mr. Chester will prepare wil' serve as a most suita- 
ble preface to a work one day to be compiled as a record of the descend- 
ants of Arthur, John and Henry Howland. 



LETTER OF WALTER BARNESLEY OF LONDON TO 
WILLIAM PITKIN OF HARTFORD, 1667. 

Communicated by Enwix Hubbard, Esq., of Chicago, 111. 

THE original of the following letter is in the possession of Josh- 
ua Pitkin, Esq., of Oak Park, 111. It is addressed: " ffor 
William Pitkin at Hertford Towne neare | neare (sic) Coneticut 
river | Leave this with M 1 ' Thomas Smyth neare the Spring | in 
Boston | in New England." 

London Nov: 4: 16G7. 
M r Pitkin 

Having almost a twelve moneth since sent a small parcel! of wares 
to a good friend of mine at Barbados M r Ldward Barton from whoine I 



1880.] Letter of Walter Barnesley. 195 

very lately received a letter which doth acquaint me with his receipt of 
them at Barbados but that they prove not fit for his sale there but he thinks 
they might sell well at JS T ew England Wherefore I have herewith sent him 
directions (if they be not disposed of before this cometh to his hands) to 
send them vnto you earnestly requesting you take upon you the care and 
paines to sell them to the best advantage you can. And if it may be with 
convenience to send me an account of the sale of the three parcells dis- 
tinctly though they be ioyned together in the returnes. Because as the 
pinckcol'd wastcoat & stomicher was an adventure of my wife 
suits are my brother in laws, the silke stockings being mine viz 

£ 

1 Paire of Pinckcol'd mens hose at ... 1 
10 Paire of mens silke hose at 17" Pp. . • 8 

2 Paire of womens silke hose at 16" . . . 1 
1 Paire of womens greene hose at ... 



A Pinckcol'd wastcoat & stomacher of knotts 



so the two 


s 


d 








10 





12 





13 






A blacke suit of Padasway* with [ — ] a [ — ] 

hat band shoo knotts & trirning 
A blacke suit & old ribbins 



11 


15 


3 


10 


15 


5 


[ ] 


0[ ] 


[ ] 


10 [ ] 



24 15 



The above mentioned are the prices at which they [were ?] sent to Bar- 
bados : but wee leave you wholy at li[berty ?] to sell them as you thinke 
meet, not doubting bu[t that?] you will do therein as for your self, deduct- 
ing all charges And since the dreadfull firet I live not above a stones cast 
from y r brother Roger pitkin 9 howse in Helmet court but on the other side 
of London wall whither 1 pray you direct your letters to me. At the next 
house to the signe of the George iu the Posterne sti set neare little more- 
fields This day I saw y r brother Roger & his wife who are in good 
health (through mercy) and theyr little son Roger Litle Will: died in the 
great sicknes time They desire to be kindly remembred to your self & 
wife together with your brother and sister Woollcott With the tender of my 
respects to you and them with sincere desires of y r health & wellfare I rest 

Your loving friend 

Walter Barnesley. 

Y r brother desires me to acquaint you 
that he hath not received any letter from 
you this three yeares though he hath written 
to you every yeare. 

* Paduasoy, from Padua, in Italy, and Fr. soie silk; a particular kind of silk stuff— 
Webster. 

t The " Great Fire " of London commenced Sunday morning, Sept. 2, 1666, and lasted 
till Thursday, Sept. 6. 



196 Descendants of Gov. Benedict Arnold. [April, 



DESCENDANTS OF GOV. BENEDICT ARNOLD, 

THROUGH HIS GREAT-GRANDSON 

GEN. BENEDICT ARNOLD. 

THE following article has been compiled from a newspaper 
article published in the Albany Argus ; Hinman's "Early Puri- 
tan Settlers of Connecticut," second edition, pp. 58-61 ; Arnold's 
" Life of Benedict Arnold ; " and information furnished by the 
Rev. Edwin Gladwin Arnold, M.A., rector of Great Massingham, 
Norfolk, Eng., and by P. A. McEwan, Esq., of Windsor, Canada. 

1. Capt. Benedict 20 Arnold (Benedict, 1 * Gov. Benedict}* see Regis- 
ter, xxxiii. 43 G) married Nov. 8, 1733, Mrs. Hannah (Waterman) King. 
Children : 

i. Benedict, b. Aug. 15, 1738 ; d. April 30, 1739. 
2. ii. Benedict, b. Jan. 3, 1740-1, O. S.— Jan. 14, 1741, N. S. ; d. June 14, 
1801. 
iii. Hannah, b. Dec. 9, 1742 ; d. unm. Aug;. 31, 1803, at the house of her 

nephew Richard, at Montague, Canada. 
iv. Mary, b. June 4, 1745. 
v. Absalom King, b. April 4, 1747. 
vi. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 19, 1749. 
vii. Absalom, b. Oct. 22, 1750. 
viii. Mary, b. Sept. 10, 1753. 
ix. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 29, 1755. 

2. Gen. Benedict 21 Arnold, born at Norwich, Ct., Jan. 3, 1740-1 ; 
d. at London, England, June 14, 1801. He m. first, Feb. 27, 1767, Mar- 
garet, daughter of Samuel Mansfield. She died June 19, 1775. Their 
children were : 

i. Benedict, b. Feb. 14, 1768 ; d. s. p. in Jamaica, aged 27. 

ii. Richard, b. Aug. 22, 1769 ; m. Dec. 30, 1804, Margaret, dau. of Sam- 
uel Weatberhead, of Augusta, Canada, lie d. Deo. 9, 1847. Their 
children were : 

1. G. 14'., "dead. 

2. Eliza, 9 - 3 dead. 

3. Sophia. 23 

4. Margaret,* 3 m. John McEwan, who has been sheriff of Essex 

County, Ontario, for the past twenty-four years. Their son 
P. A. McEwan, Esq., of Windsor Ontario, Canada, is the 
owner of the manuscript printed in the Register, vol. xxxiii. 
pp. 427-32, and writes to us : " The document came into my 
possession with a lot of correspondence of Mrs. Benedict 
Arnold (the second wife, Mis.s Shippen, of Philadelphia.) and 
her sons in England, with my grandfather, Richard Ar- 
nold. I do not know where it originally came from." 

5. Charlotte. 23 

6. Lydia 23 

7. Ellen Amelia. 23 

8. Edward VV. B. 23 

9. Henry James. 23 

iii. Henry, b. Sept. 19, 1772; m. Dec. 4, 1796. Hannah Ten Eyck, dau. 
of Richard Ten Byck, of New York. He died Dec. 8, 1825, They had 
eleven children, of whom only one survived infancy, viz., Sophia 23 
who m. Mr. Sill, of New York. 

Gen. Arnold married second, April 8. 1779, Margaret, daughter of Judge 



1880.] Descendants of Gov. Benedict Arnold. 197 

Edward Shippen, of Pennsylvania, who d. Aug. 24, 1804. By her he had 
issue as follows : 

i. Edward Shippen, Lieut. 6th Bengal Cavalry and Pay Master at Mut- 
tra, died unmarried at Singapore. India, Dec. 13, 1813. 

ii. James Robertson, Lieut. Gen. K. II. and K. C.,* married to Virginia, 
daughter of Bartlett Goodrich, of" Saiing Grove, Essex, which lady 
died July 14, 1852. He died without issue, Dec. 27, 1854._ 

iii. George, Lieut. Col. 2d Bengal Cavalry, married Ann Martin Brown, 
and died in India Nov. 1, 1S28, leaving issue : 1. George, 23 who mar- 
ried a daughter of Sir Thomas Seaton, K.C.B., and died ahout 1855, 
leavinjr one daughter. 2. Sophia Alary, 23 married to the Rev. Ar- 
thur Wilmington Ingram. 

3. iv. William Fitch. 

i. Sofhia Matilda, married t)ol. Pownall Phipps, Knight of the Crescent, 
in the East India Company's service (related to the Earl of Mul- 
grave's family), and died in 1S28. 

3. William Fitch 22 Arnold, the youngest son of Gen. Arnold, was 
born in London, June 25, 1704. lie was a captain in the 19th Lancers, 
and a justice of the peace for the county of Bucks. He died Nov. 7, 1846. 
He married May 19, 1819, Elizabeth Cecilia, only daughter of Alexan- 
der Ruddach, of the Island of Tobago, captain in the Royal Navy, and had 
issue as follows : 

4. i. Edward Gladwin. 
ii. William Trail, born Oct. 23, 1826; Captain 4th (King's Own) Regi- 
ment, and killed at Sevastopol, May 5, 1855. Gen. Lord Raglan in 
his despatch said of him : " The loss of the services of this officer 
is greatly to be regretted. He had done his duty unremittingly, and 
in the most spirited manner throughout the operations of the siege." 

i. Margaret Stecart, married to the Rev. Robert H. Rogers, 

ii. Elizabeth Sophia, married to the Rev. Bryant Burgess, 

iii. Gkorgiana Phipps, married to the Rev. John Stephenson. 

iv. Louisa Russell, married to the Rev. J. Cecil Rogers. 

4. The Rev. Edward Gladwin 23 Arnold, the eldest son of Cant. 
William Fitch Arnold, and the present head of the family, M.A., Oxford, is 
a clergyman of the established church of England. II 3 is rector of Great 
Massingham, in Norfolk, and was born April 25, 1823 , married April 27, 
1852, Lady Charlotte Georgiana, eldest daughter of Lord Henry Chol- 
mondeley, now the Marquis of Cholmondeley, and has had issue as follows : 

i. Edward Cholmondeley, born Dec. 13, 1854 ; died Nov. 27, 1873. 

ii. William Henry, born March 23, 1856, a Sub-Lieutenant Royal Navy. 

iii. Charles Lowthf.r, born Dec. 28, 1859, an Undergraduate of the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge. 

iv. Henry Abel, born April 5, 1801. 

v. Arthur Seymour, born April 21, 1865. 

vi. Herbert Tollkmache, born April 5, 1867. 

vii. George Hugh Bryant, born Oct. 29, 1871. 

i. Marcia Elizabeth. 

ii. Emma Charlotte Georgiana. 

iii. Mabel Caroline Frances* 

iv. Ada Caroline .Margaret. 

The estate and seat of the family is Little Missenden Abbey, Bucking- 
hamshire. Gen. Arnold received from the British government several grants 
of land in Canada, one of them at Gwillimbnry, near what is now the city 
of Toronto ; and other grants at Elmsley. The greater part of the lands at 
Elmsley have been sold, and the lands at Gwillimbary have been occupied 
by squatters for a number of years. 

* K. C. is Knight of the Crescent (a Turkish order). 
K. H., Knight of Hauover. 



198 Births, Marriages and. Deaths in Dartmouth, [April, 



BIRTHS, MARRIAGES AND DEATHS FROM THE RECORDS 
OE THE ANCIENT TOWN OF DARTMOUTH, MASS. 

Transcribed for the Register by James B. Congdon, Esq., of New Bedford. 
[Continued from vol. xxxii. page 20.] 



BIRTHS. 

Taber, Tucker, s. of Philip & Susannah 
" Jesse, s. of " " 

" Peace d. of " " * 

" Iluldah, d. of " " 

« Noah. s. of u " 

" Philip, s. of " " 

Hath way [Hathaway] Charles, s. of Daniel & Ruth 
" Charlotte, d. of " " 

" Nicholas, s. of 
" Osman, s. of 
" Zerviah, d. of 

" Isaac, s. of 

Ricketson, Timothy, s. of Jonathan 
Mary, ' d. of 
" Rebecca, d. of " 

" Benjamin, s. of " 

" Abigail, d. of u 

Tripp, Edmond, s. of Philip & Sarah 

Deborah, d. of i; 



11 


It 


It 


it 


it 


u 


u 


a 



Mosher 
Gifford 

u 


, Alien, 
, Stephen, 
Patience, 


s. of Joseph (Jonathan' 
s. of Stephen &. Mary 
d. of 


(( 


Hananiah 


, s. of 




u 


n 


■I 


Susannah 


d. of 




a 


a 


a 


Pricilla, 


d. of 




it 


a 


a 


Keziah, 


d. of 




a 


a 


a 


Abigail, 


d.of 




it 


u 


n 
n 


Mary, 
Ruth, 


d. of 
d. of 




u 

a 


11 
a 


it 


Benjamin 


, s. of 




ft 


a 


a 


Simeon, 


s. of Job & Martha 


a 
a 


Stephen, 
Susanna, 


s. of 
d.of 


a 

it 




n 


u 


Abraham, 


s. of 


it 




a 


a 


Thomas, 


s. of 


u 




it 


a 


Martha, 


d. of 


it 




u 


Soule, 


William, 


s. of Wi 


lliam 




it 


Hannah, 


d. of 




u 




a 


George, 


s. of 




a 




a 


Benjamin. 


s. of 




it 




i. 


Mary, 


d. of 




" 




a 
u 


Joseph, 
Sarah, 


3. Of 

d.of 




a 

a 





Oct. 10, 1717 

.Nov. 21, 1719 

Feb. 22, 1722 

March, 1724 

July 7, 1727 

Oct. 31, 1730 

Julv 2, 1758 

July "25, 17G0 

May 23, 1762 

May 13, 17G5 

April 18, 17G7 

July 26, 1769 

Feb. 18, 1710-11 

Oct. 28, 1712 

Feby 6, 1714-15 

March 7, 1716-17 

April 5, 1719 

June 1, 1755 

Feb. 3, 1757 

bah Sept. 25, 1755 

Jan. 30, 1711-12 

Dec. 16, 1712 

Aua. 20, 1714 

May 24, 1716 

June 17, 1718 

Feb. 27^ 1720 

Nov. 4, 1721 

Aug. 12. 1723 

Oct. 5, 1725 

Feb. 2, 1727-8 

Nov. 18, 1750 

July 25, 1753 

April 29, 1756 

Jan. 7, 1759 

May 6, 1765 

Dec. 26, 1771 

Augt. 28, 16— 

June 1, 1694 

Oct. 5, 1695 

May 14, 1698 

Jan. 'h. 1698-9 

Nov. 8, 1701 

Nov, 8, 1703 



[To be continued.] 



1880.] Notes and Queries. 199 



I 

NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Replies to queries* if intended for publication, should be brief, unless the 
subject is of general interest. Fuller replies and statements, when furnished, 
will be kept on fie by the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, for 
the use of those interested. 

Notes. 

Hilton. — The Rev. B. F. De Costa, in a note on " The Hiltons of the Carolinas," 
in the Magazine of American History for Jan. 1877 (i. 55), makes mention of a 
map in the British Museum, on which is noted, " Discovery made by William Hil- 
ton of Charles towne in New England mariiner from Cape Hatterask Lit: 35. 30, 
to ye west of Cape Roman, in Lat 32. 30, in ye yere 1662 And layd Down in the 
forme as \ou -see by Nicholas Shapley of the towne aforesaid, November 16G'2." 
This is evidence tending to show chat Budington (Hist, of the First Church, Charles- 
town, p. 191) was correct in supposing that VV iiliatn Hilton, of Charlestown, was 
the William Hilton, commander of the ship Adventure, whose " Relation of A Dis- 
covery lately made on the Coast of Florida," in 1663, was reprinted in Force's Col- 
lection of Historical Tracts, vol. iv. (see Register, xxxi. 193), and that savage 
(Gen. D'.et. ii. 424) was mistaken in thinking that the discoverer wis probably 
not of New England origin. John T. Hassam. 



Sanderson'. — Bond, in his History of Watertown, page 417, states that Samuel 3 
Sanderson (Jonathan, Edward 1 ) was killed b} T lightning, July 8, 1722. It was 
his son Samuel 4 who was killed by lightning at that date. The father died in Wai- 
tham, July 21, 174-1, which death-date Bond assigns to the son. 

The names of Sanderson and Sanders, both of which are found in Watertown, are 
often confounded. Moses 4 Sanderson, son of the above Samuel, 3 did not marry for 
his second wife Elizabeth Goddard, as Bond. p. 418, states. It was Moses San- 
ders who married Elizabeth Goddard, Feb. 7, 176B. Their daughter Sarah (Sanders), 
born July 12, 1767, is erroneously placed by Bond among the children of Moses 4 
Sanderson. The second wife of Moses Sanderson was Mrs. Anna (Jewett) Plngrey, 
their intention being filed August 27, 1797. His first wife Mary Flagg died in Lit- 
tleton, Sept. 18, 1789. Theyliad nine children. He died Aug. 10, 1798. Their 
eldest daughter Sarah, born Feb. 9, 17.52, married Benjamin Hartwell. 

Jersey City, N. J. Ira Leavitt Sanderson. 



Huntlt. — " Last war thirteen Brothers, sons of one Woman, in the Colony Df 
Connecticut, each of them six Feet hi^h, all went into the War in Defence of their 
Country, and were all brave Men. ...This is perhaps the most remarkable Instance of 
the Kind any Country hath oroduoed. The Name of this prolific and heroic Family 
isHuntly." 

The above is from the New England Chronicle, vol. viii. No. 373, Sept. 21, 1775. 

Geo. Henry Preble. 



Phonetic Representation of Indian Langeages. — F. G.Adams, Esq., secretary 
of the Kansas Historical Society, read a paper on this subject before tfie Kansas 
Academy of Science, Nov. 7, 1679, which was printed in The Weekly Capital, To- 
l peka, Nov. 20, 1879. 



Thomas Genn (ante, xxvi. 196), the father of Samuel, Thomas, James and Josi- 
ah Genn, was located in Caroline Co., Md., on East hank of Choptank River, on a 
plantation called k ' Cape Ann." It was midway between Denton and Greens- 
borough. He died about 1769. James, a brother of the elder Thomas, was located 
on the west side of Choptank River, about one mile above Greensboro ugh, between 
VOL. XXXIV. 18 

■ 

■ 



200 JVotes and Queries. [April, 

the Old Town road and the river. He died about 1787. Son John, father of Tho- 
mas, father of Nathan, father of Nathan. The last two are now (1879) living in 
Greensborough. Thomas Smyth. 

1344 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. 



Michael Walsh. — While I was in Salisbury, Mass., last summer, looking for 
some materials for a biographical sketch of the late Hon. Caleb Cashing, LL.D., 
I was given the following transcript of the family record of the celebrated Michael 
Walsh, whose pupil Mr. Cashing was at one time. 

Children of Michael and Hannah Walsh. 
Nancy, born March 9, 1785. 
Dolly, born April 3, 1787. 
Polly, born April 25, 1789. 
Joanua, born Oct. 25, 1791. 
John, born July 23. 1794. 
Betsy, born Aug. 12, 1796. 

Michael Walsh died August 20, 1810, aged 77. 

Hannah Walsh died June 18, 1H03, aged 38. 

Nancy Bartlettdied Jan. 3, 1829, aged 44. 

John Walsh died Dec. 3, 1845, aged 51. 

Joanna W. Buswell died March 20, 1855, aged 63. 

Dolly Walsh died March 2fi, 1855. aged 67. 

Polly Walsh died July IS, 1800, aged 71. 

Betsey Walsh died June 18, 1880. aged 73. 

Michael Walsh received the honorary degree of A.M. from Harvard College in 
1803. His son John graduated from that college in 1814, and died in St. Louis, 
Dec. 3. 1845, aged 51. The gravestone of the father, in the Salisbury Point grave- 
yard, bears this inscription : " Michael Walsh | a uative of Ireland | Died Aug. 
20, 1840 I aged 77 vs." An obituary of him will be found in the Newburyport 
Herald, Aug. 21, 1840. C. W. Tuttle. 



Collection's of Portraits. — In the Register for Oct. 1874 (xxviii. 442-7) will be 
found a list of portraits in the State House, Concord, N. II., the New Hampshire His- 
torical Society's rooms, Dartmouth College, Phillips Exeter Academy and the New 
Hampshire State Normal School, prepared by the Hon. Benjamin F. Prescott. In 
the number of July, 1875 (xxis. 210-3) is a list of those in Brown University and 
the Athenaeum* Providence, by David W. Hoyt, Esq. The Register for January, 
1876, contains a list of those in the American Antiquarian Society and other insti- 
tutions in Worcester, by Nathaniel Paine, Esq. In the present number {ante, pp. 
181), Gov. Prescott gives a continuation of his article in volume sxviii. 



Jonx Lieby. — I am able now to state the time of the advent of an early immi- 
grant, viz., John Libby, who was the progenitor of many persons hereabouts, some 
of whom fill very responsible positions. The following will be found in Massachu- 
setts Archives, 69, 145 : 

To the Honoured Governour & Counsell now Assembled at Bostone : 

The Humble Petition of John Liby Sen r Late of Scarbrow. 

Uumblye Showeth That the good and pieous report that was spread abroad into 
onr Native Land of this Country, caused your Petitioner to come for this land 47 
yeares agoe where he hath ever since continued " — and that by the incursions of the 
" barbarous Enemys " he had had his house burned and cattle and oxen destroyed, 
11 so that your Petitioner is in very low Condition being about ye age of 75 years, 
therefore not any way Capable to procure a livelihood, neither hath he in any way 
been Chargable to y c Country hitherto — but y r poore Petitioner and his wife with 
8 finale Children was maintained from perrishing By 4 sonns of y* Petitioner where- 
of one is latiy kild at Black point, and two more sickened at Black point of which 
two one was brought here to Boston about tenn dayes ago and died last night, and 
the other two sonns are at Black point and hath been there this 9 months '"' — and 
goes on to pray that his " two sonns may be discharged from y e Garrison at Black 



1380.] Notes and Queries. 201 

Point viz Henry Liby and Anthony Li by — and be bath 9 in family dependent on 
the labors of bis two sons. [Signed] John Liby." 

Julvy e 1 st 1677. 
[Endorsed] " This Request -is granted 10 July 77. E. R. S." 

Scarborough was originally called " Black Point," and " Blue Point," from the 
two hamlets of those names. W . M. Sargent. 

Portland, Me. 



Aaron - Hutchinson. — "Your inquiry respecting Aaron Hutchinson has given us 
many hearty laughs, by recalling to our minds the stories we have heard of this ec- 
centric genius. He was father to the Hon. Titus Hutchinson, and the Hon. Alexan- 
der, and was gathered to his fathers thirty or forty years since, as is testified by his 
tombstone near the gate of the turnpike leading from Woodstock to Pomtret, where 
be figures large as life in his wig and bands, and where some wag, in allusion to his 
usual appearance, has scratched the following most irreverent stanza : 
*' ' Beneath this stone if you chance to dig, 
You'll find an old man with a lambskin wig, 
His trousers up, his stockings down, 
His soul gone up to tot her town.' 
" My husband intends to write some account of him for your gratification, and I 
leave to him the task of saving from oblivion the memory of a man whose intentions 
were always good and kind, but who had a very odd way of manifesting them." 

The above I found on a loose leaf pasted in Dr. T. L. Jennison's Interleaved 
Triennial of Harvard College for 1S39. 

Aaron Hutchinson appears to have graduated at Yale College in 1747, and died 
in 1800. Joun Lasgdon Sibley. 

Cambridge, Mass. 



Notes and Queries and Historical Articles in Newspapers. — Historical and 
genealogical " Notes and Queries " appear weekly in the Richmond Standard and 
the Daily Telegraph. Harrisburg, Pa. Miscellaneous " Notes and Queries " ap- 
pear weekly in tiie Boston Evening I ranscript. We beiieve that the series in the 
Standard, which we have noticed. before (ante, xxxiii. 105), is under the charge of 
R. A. Brock, Esq., of Richmond, Va., who is doing much to preserve the memory 
of men and events in his native state ; and that the series in the Telegraph is under 
the charge of William H. Egle, M.D., of Harrisburg, author of the '' Illustrated 
History of Pennsylvania " (ante, xxxi. 130). The Transcript's " Notes and Que- 
ries " are edited by Charles E. Hurd. 

The Richmond Standard also publishes in its columns other historical and genea- 
logical articles contributed by Mr. Brock and his friends; and the Dover Enquirer 
continues, with few interruptions, its " Historical Memoranda " about New Hamp- 
shire history, mostly by the Rev. Alonzo ii. Quint, D.D., of Dover, N. H. A 
larije number of newspapers in different parts of the country publish occasional 
articles on historical and genealogical subjects, some of which show commendable 
research. Much local history that would otherwise perish is preserved in this way. 
— Editor. 



Thomas Baker — Thomas Bacon. — Mr. Savage, in his Dictionary, I. 99, states 

that Thomas Baker, son of Thomas, was killed by the Indians at Sudbury fight, 
April, 16TB, which is correct. He adds, " surely a very young soldier, under 
Wadsworth, but he had served in the Narraganset campaign as one of Johnson's 
company, in December before, i. e. less than 12 years old. No incident of* those 
days," he continues, " more strikingly gives proof of the extensive reach of the 
perils." We have no means of learning when this Thomas Baker was born. He 
may have been the eldest son of his parents, and lor aught we know, '20 years or 
more older than the age ascribed to him by Savage. So far from being a " boy 
soldier," he was probably a full grown man before he entered '■' the Narraganset 
campaign." Hh hither administered on the estate of the said son in Roxbury, June 
8, 1670. In the Letter of Administration, as recorded, it is stated that Thomas, Jr., 
was ''slain in the Country's service, 1676." These words are repeated, with tiie 
exception of the date, in the inventory of the estate, rendered July 28ih. It was 



202 JVbtes and Queries. [April, 

"Thomas Eaten." born in Roxbury, Jan. 7, 1663, whom Mr. Savage mistook 
for Thomas Baker. He has given, in his Dictionary, the date of birth of Tho- 
mas Baker, as Jan. 7, 1664, while that of Thomas Bacon is not mentioned in the 
book. Wm. B. Trask.. 



Richard Hall — Richard Hale. — The name of Richard Hall is sometimes written 
Richard Hale in the Dorchester Town Records, as also in the Church Records, of 
an early date. Other members of the Hall family have been entered as Hale. 1 
am satisfied that there was no such person as Richard Hale among the early settlers 
of Dorchester. Richard, ancestor of the Halls still living there, of whom Oliver 
Hall, Esq., is a representative, was a member of the church in 1644. 

Wm. B. Trask. 



Queries. 

. \ Shaw. — Abont two years ago I was furnished with a pedigree of the families of 

• Shaw ot Sarichieand Greenock in Scotland, Ballygally Castle and Ballytweedy, co. 
Antrim, and Ganoway, co. Down, Ireland ; and also of a branch which is supposed 
to have settled in America, which had been compiled by a Dr. Alexander Shaw, re- 
siding in America. If this should meet the eye of Dr" Shaw, or any one who can 
give his address, will they kindly communicate with me. 

Fixh i, nr. Rvddersfieltl, Walton Graham Berry. 

Yorkshire, England. 
[We are informed by Alexander B. Shaw, M.D., 2845 Clarke Avenue, St. Louis, 
Mo., that about eight years ago he compiled a very extensive genealogical chart of 
his family, which originated in Scotland, showing, with one exception, an unbrok- 
en chain from A. D. 1284. We are also informed by Alexander R. Shaw, M.D., 
that his uncle Dr. Alexander Shaw resided in England, but returned to this country 
and died some years since in Philadelphia; and he thinks he may be the person 
named in Mr. Berry's query. — Ed.] 



Billerica Queries : 

William Gltason, who settled in Billerica, 1754, was born about 1730. Can any 
one give place and date? There was a William Gleason in Cambridge, 1707. Was 
he father or gr. lather of our William ? 

Hopki is, William^ and wife Deborah had Hannah, b. 1697, Aug. 20, Benjamin* 
Sarah and Richard. He d. ITS'-*, May 16. A Samuel was born here, 1734-9, and 
may be another son. Can any one give me his origin and lineage ? 

Wtltoughby, John, m. 1735, .March 27, Anna Chamberlain. Had John, Jonas, 
Joseph, Anna. Mary and Susanna ; and removed to Hollis, where he died, 1793. 
Felt. 2, agtd b5. Was he a descendant of Gov. Francis Willoughby? And can 
any one tell me of his origin? Henry A. Hazen. 

Billerica, Mais. 



St. A spin-quid. — On pages 85 and 86 of the Appendix to the third volume of Far- 
mer & Moore's " Collections Historical and Miscellaneous," printed in 1*24, is 
related the story of St. Aspinquid, and credited to the Salem Observer. Where 
else, at an earlier period, can tiiis story be found in print? 

A hundred yt-ars ago St. Aspinquid's Day was, it is said, set down in almanacs as 
on annual festival, occurring at or near the end of spring. It seems to have been 
duly celebrated in Nova Scotia. See Atkins's Hiatory of the Settlement of Halifax, 
Nova Scotia, p 41. C. W. Titttle. 



Boston Post Office. — John Franklin, brother of Dr. Benjamin Franklin, was 
postmaster of Boston at Ids death, Feb. 5, 1756. Who was his successor? His 
step-son Tuthiil Hubbert was the postmaster in 1767. Mr. Ilanbert's mother, Mi's. 
Elizabeth Franklin (widow of John), advertises goods for sale 4i at the Post Oiliee, 
iio-stou," May 30, 1705. — £d. 



1880.] Notes and Queries. 203 

Windham, Canada.— In Dr. Bond's Watettown, page 398, it ia stated that Ste- 
phen Pierce and wife Abigail Bemis were " dismissed to * Windham Canada,' Feb. 
5, 1732." Page 871, they were 44 dismissed from Waltham church to Windham 
Village alios Canada." 

Can an} 7 one tell me where this place was? What town is it now? It is not 
Windham, Conn., as the names are not found in the records, either church or town, 
there. Frederick C. Pierce, 

Barre, Mass., Feb. 7, 1SS0. 



Pierce. — Nathaniel 3 Pierce, of Medford. son of Robert 2 son of. John 1 of Water- 
town, born 1655, married, 1077, Hannah Converse, born 1600, died 1679; married 
2nd, 16S0, Elizabeth (Pierce) Foster, dau. of Thomas of Woburn. He died 1692. 
His will, dated 1691, proved i692, names his wife Elizabeth ; his eldest son Nathan- 
iel, not of age ; all his children, that is to say, " Mary, Nathaniel, ichabod, and 
Robert." 

Did this Nathaniel 3 have a son Benjamin. 4 who married 1702, Sarah Hall, and 
had Benjamin, Sarah, Eleanor, Thomas, Susannah and Elizabeth? Will someone 
I please answer this query as soon as possible. 

I Jacob 2 Pierce, son of Athony 2 of Watertovvn, born April 15, 1637. Bnnds&ya, 

"■ living in 16S3." Will some person please furnish information of Jacob, to whom 
he married and where he resided ? I can nnd nothing of him after the date of his 
birth. I think Bond cites his will, but neitiier tiles nor record contain anything 
but the inventory dated .May 22, 1678. Frederick C. Pierce. 

Barre, Mass., Jan. 26, IsSO. 

Massachusetts Muster Rolls.— At a Council held in Boston, Tuesday, July 2, 
1723 (Mass. Council Record.-', XL 493), it was advised and consented that there 
should be paid " To the Officers & Soldiers in the Muster Roll of William Hilton 
Lieut', deceased the sum of Two Hundred & ninety pounds, three shill 3 . and eight 
pence (to each man the sum set against his name respectively) to discharge the s d . 
Muster Roll containing an aceompt of Wages due to the 8 d . Officers and Soldiers for 
their Service Eastward iroin Aug 15 th . 1722 to Dec'. 11. 1722." 

At a Council held in Boston Saturday, Sept. 21. 1723 (ditto, p. 530) it was advised 
and consented that there should be paid " io the Heirs. Executors or Administra- 
tors of Lieut*. W m . Hilton dec d . and y*Comp a . in Hid Majestys Service Eastward late 
under his Couiand the sum of Six Hundred forty seven pounds nine shill-. (to each 
man the sum set against his name respectively) to discharge the Muster Roil, con- 
taining an Acco*.of Wages due to them for their ^aid Service IroinDec 1 . 12 1723, (sic) 
toSept r . I3 :h . 1723." 

Have these particular muster rolls been preserved ? Cannot something be done 
towards the thorough indexing of the Mass. Archives, so that any papers therein 
contained may be readily found ? John X. Hassam. 

Boston, Mass. 



Recovery of a Sloop stolen from York Harbor in 1711. — In the Mass. Coun- 
cil Records (IV. 469) is the following. 

" At a Council held at the Council Chamber in Boston upon Munday the 12 th . of 
November 1711 " 

'* Ensign William Hilton of Yorke attending the Governor & Council with a Re- 
lation of his recovery of a Sloop with Sundry goods on Board Her Stolen out of the 
Harbour of Yorke on Thursday y e S ih . Curr f . in the night by a Frenchman & three 
Indians, whoine he and his Company consisting of six of the Standing forces there 
in the pay, and six of the Inhabitants pursued in an other vessel! kil'd the three In- 
dian men, and produced their scalps, making oath they were o( the Indian enemy 
kild in fight one of them being the Messisippi Indian lately prisoner at Her Majesty* 
Castle \V illiam & escaped from thence 

/'Pursuant to the Act made for encouragement of the prosecution of the In- 
dian Enemy and Rebels 

li Advised &, consented, That a Warrant be male out to the Treasurer to pay the 
Sum of One hundred & five pounds to the Said William Hilton for himselfe & com- 
pany as a reward for their good Service to be distributed as the Law provides," 
VOL. XXXI V. IS* 

I 
I 

I 

I 



204: .Notes and Queries. [April, 

Again [IV. 5101. 

"At a Council held at the Council Chamber in Boston upon Thursday the first of 
May 1710" 

" Upon reading the affidavits taken by Order of the "Board against William Hilton 
& others relating to the action in their pursuit & recovery of a Sloop run away with 
from York by a Frenchman & Three Indians in November past and the e d . Indians 
put to death and order given for arresting the s' 1 . Hilton & binding him over to the 
Court of Assize to answer what shall he objected against him on fler Majestys be- 
halfe in that respect who is absconded & not to be found 

" Advised That a Proclamation be issued for apprehending of the s d . William 
Hilton and that a Reward of Five pounds be ordered out of the Treasury to such 
Person as shall arrest the s d . Hilton & bring him before a Justice so that he be se- 
cured in order to his being brought to answer as above said." 

In Bom Reranr; v. Hilton, tried at a " Superiour Court of Judicature Court of Assize 
& General Goal Delivery begun and held at Ipswich for & within the County of Essex 
on the Third Tuesday of May being the Twentyeth day of the said Month Annoq), 
Domini 1712 " (Records of the Sup r Ct. of Judicature in the office of the Clerk o* 
the Supreme Judicial Court, Boston, A.D. 1700 — 1714, fol. 274), is the following 
entry. 

" The Jurors Present William Hilton of York Gent, at Boston 12 of November 
before his Ex e cy the Govemour &. the llono bl Counc 1 of this Province made Solem 
Oath that three Indian Scalps which he then & there produced were of the Indian 
Enemy killed in tight, when they were not x So the Oath was false & wicked, & So 
the Jurors Say s' 1 Hilton took a false Oath & was foreSworn & perjured &c. To 
which he pleaded not Guilty a Jury Called JEkhvaid Sergeant foreman & the other 
were all Sworn to try the Issue and the whole being heard they do Say& declare that 
the s J William Hilton is not Guilty. Its Considered by the Court that the s d Wil- 
liam Hilton be discharged paying fees ." ' 

Can any one throw any more light on this affair ? 
Boston, Mass. John T. HaSs^m. 



Allen. — Can any person give me the ancestry and parentage of John Allen, who 
about 1603 emigrated from Plymouth Co., Mass., to Croydon, N. H., and brought 
with him wife Sarah, of Qaaker descent, and eleven children: — 'Mary, b. Oct. 1, 
3779 ; William, b. Aug. 3, 17^2 ; John, b. March 9, 1781 ; Samuel, b. Jan. 3, 1786 ; 
Gideon, b. Aujs, 17, 1738 ; Eliza, b. July 10, 1780 ; Joseph, b. July 29, 1791 ; Tho- 
mas, b. May 19, 1793 ; Marmaduke, b. April 30. 1795 ; Rosea, b. Sept. 26, 179S ; 
Sarah, b, Sept. 1, 1799? The following are all the facts I am possessed of : John 
AVen wai born in 1755 or 1757. His lather's name was either John or William. 
His mother's maiden name was Joy, and his mother's mother's maiden name was 
Babcoek. He had three brothers — William, Gideon and Marmaduke; and two sis- 
ters—Dorothy and Lydia. His father died comparatively young, and his widow 
then married a Mr. Caswell. Had many friends and relations in Rhode Island 
and Connecticut. Alonzo Allen. 

Town Cltrk's Office, Croydon, IS. H. 



Whittemore. — Lydia Whittemore was b. in Boston, December 22, 17(63?). She 
m. first. Blin, and was left a widow at the age of eighteen years. She m. sec- 
ond. Dec. 4, 1783, Lemuel Gntes, whom she survived about sixteen years, dying 
April 26, ls22. Her father, I am informed, once owned some land in the centre 
of Boston. 

I shall be icrateful for any information as to her parentage and ancestry, which I 
am anxious to trace. Christopher Johnston, Jr. 

62 Franklin Street, Baltimore, Md. 



Keplies. 



Gray {ante, xxsiii. ill). — The following is from the i; History of Biddeford." 
in "• York County Atlas : " " Capt. John Gray, commander of Fort Mary in 1720, 
was a son of Joseph Gray of London. He married soon after coming to Winter 



i . 



1880.] Notes and Queries. 205 

Harbor, Mrs. Elizabeth Tarbox. By her he had three daughters, one of- -whom mar- 
ried James Staples of this town, in 1755. Abner Sawyer, Sen., married May, a 
daughter of James and May Staples, in 1779." VV r . M. Sargent. 

S3 Exchange Street, Portland, Me. 



Batt {ante, pp. 49 and 12G ; xxiv. 73). — Among the Mass. Archives (3SB — 117), 
I found the depositions, all dated 26: 8m. 1654, of Christopher Batt, aged 53 — of Ann 
Batt, wife of Chr. Batt, age not stated— of Ann Batt, daughter of Chr. Batt, aged 23 
— of Jane Batt, daughter of Chr. Batt, aged 22. This certainly fixes names of two 
of his five children whom Savage says he brought with him in 1638. This Ann m. 
Edmund Angier, and was an ancestress of mine. W. M. Sargent. 

Portland, Me. 



Colton or Muxx ? (ante, xxxiii.204). — A correspondent has called my attention 
to a statement in the Register (April, 1879, p. 201) that John Cokon in. Feb. 29, 
1684, Abigail, dau. of Dea. Benjamin Parsons, of Springfield, and asks if it be cor- 
rect — wishing me to give the facts in the Register. In 1870 I copied from Major 
Pynchon's " record of marriages," " 1680 Dec. 23. John Munn and Abigail Par- 
sons." Munn was a son of Benjamin of Springfield, b. 1652 ; was a soldier under 
Capt. Turner, and died at Westfield, in 1684 or 5, " of a surfiet got at the Falls 

Mch. 31, 1685, Dea. Benjamin Parsons asks the court for administration " on the 
estate of his son-in-law John Mann." An inventory gives £23 value at Spring- 
field, and 75 at We.-tfield. ''Abigail " is named as widow. 

• In his will of 1687, Dea. Benjamin Parsons makes bequests to his grandsons 
James and John Munn. 

John, son of John and Abigail Munn, was b. March 16, 1682. 1 find no record 
of James, and nothing of his subsequent history. Nor do I find a record of the 
birth of Benjamin, who settled in Deerfield, and appears to be of this family. Can 
these defects be supplied ? 

From Pynchon's marriage record I copy again : " 1686, Oct. 7. Mr. John Rich- 
ards and Widow Abigail Munn." Richards removed to this town, where he was 
schoolmaster and entitled '* Mr." Ou the memorable 29th of Feb. 1704, he lost one 
daughter, "captivated," and considerable property, and soon after left this town 
for Sufneld, Conn. 

The children of his wife by John Munn, came with their mother, and here re- 
mained, being the founders of the Munn family of this region. 

Deerfield, Mass. Geo. Sheldon. 

[Mr. Alien, who furnishes the Longmeadow records for tb ? Register, informs us 
that the name is Col ton on the original records. The mistake, therefore, was made 
by Mr. Jabez Col ton, the compiler of the records. — £,d.] 



IIorE-HooD.— On two former occasions (ante, Register, 1886, p. 373 ; also 1874, 
p. 203) I have called attention to a locality in Dover, N. II., bearing the name 
" Hope- Hood's Point," and to the tradition connected therewith. Since my last 
communication on this subject, I have found recorded, with the old deeds at Exeter, 
an Indian deed bearing date third January, 1687, signed by Hope-Hood and three 
other Indians, wherein they call themselves native proprietors of lands lying between 
Newichawanuck and Lamprey Rivers, in New Hampshire. By this deed they con- 
vey a portion of this tract of land to Peter Coffin, of Dover. This supports the local 
tradition to the extent that Hope-Hood had some connection with that place, which 
has borne his name without interruption for almost two centuries, according to 
local records. Ilope-Ilood has been regarded by historians an eastern Indian. If 
| so, how came he to have hereditary lands in New Hampshire? The history of this 
famous Indian is still obscure. C. W. Tuttle. 



Baldwin, Shaw, Starr.— On page l54of the Register for April, 1871 (vol. xxv.), 
it is stated that Abigail Baldwin, born 1678, dau. of Samuel and Abigail, m. June 
24, 1607, Joseph Shaw, of Middle town. It should read Joseph Starr, lie was son 
of Comfort and Marah (Weld) Starr, of Middietown, b. Sept. 23, 1676, and died 



206 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

July 13, 1758. For any further particulars, see family 197 of Starr Family Histo- 
ry, or reference may be had to their descendant, Frank F. Stark. 
Middleiown. Conn. 



Announcements. 



Discovert of the Falls of St. Anthony. — The Minnesota Historical Society 
will celebrate on the 3d of July next, at 10 o'clock, on the University Campus, Min- 
neapolis, Minnesota, the Two Hundredth Anniversary of the Discovery of the Fails 
of St. Anthony. An oration will be delivered by the Hon. C. H. Davis, of St. Paul, 
and a poem by Gen. J. H. Baker, of Mankato. 



Massachusetts Thirty-Third Regiment. — Gen. A. B. Underwood, formerly col- 
onel of this regiment, has written a book entitled " The Three Years Service of the 
Thirty-Third Massachusetts Infantry, 1862-1865," which is now in press. . The 
price will be from $2 to £3 a copy. Subscriptions received by -Gen. Underwood, 
Custom House, Boston. 



Memoir or Col. Joshua Fry. — The Rev. Philip Slaughter, D.D., Mitchell's 
Station, Culpepper county, Va._, will publish, as soon as a sufficient number of 
orders shall be received, A Memoir of Col. Jwshua Fiy, and an Autobiography of 
his Son, the Kev. Henry Fry ; with a Census of their Descendants. Price not to 
exceed §1. 

Sketch of Elder Daniel Hix. — About the first of May will be published by sub- 
scription, A Sketch of Elder Daniel Hix, with the History of the First Christian 
Church ir. Dartmouth for One Hundred Years, by S. M. Andrews. The book will 
contain about 200 pages. Price $1. Subscriptions received by S. M. Andrews, 
North Dartmouth, Mass. 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would suggest that all facts of 
interest illustrating the family history or character be communicated, espeeiaily 
service under the IT. S. government, the holding of othei offices, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, with dates and places of birth, marriage, 
residence and death. 

Genn (Guinne, Guinn, Guyn, Gwyn). By Thomas Smyth, 1344 Chestnut St., 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

tlowland. By Louis M. Howland, 83 Duane Street, New York city, and Frank- 
lyn Howland, Acushnet, Bristol County, Mass. 

Howland. By W. R. Howland, Lynn, Mass. The female lines to be included. 

Smyth. By Thomas Smyth, Philadelphia. To contain the descendants of Balph 
Smyth, of Hingham. 



SOCIETIES AND TIIEIE PEOCEEDIXGS. 

New-England Historic, Genealocical Society. 

Boston, Mass.. Wednesday, January 7, 1880. — The annual meeting was held at 
the Society's Elouse, 18 Somerset Street, this afternoon, at three o'clock, the presi- 
dent, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair. 

The recording secretary, David G. Hawkins, Jr., read the record of the proceed- 
ings at the December meeting. 



1880.] Societies and their Proceedings. 207 

The Rev. Henry A. Hazen, chairman of the nominating committee, reported a list 
of officers and committees for the year 1S30, and the persons nominated were unani- 
mously elected, viz. 

President^— Hob. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., of Boston, Mass. 

Vice-Presidents.— Hon. Israel Washburn, LL.D., of Portland, Me.; Hon. Jo- 
seph B. Walker, A.B., of Concord. N. II. ; Hon. Hiland Hall, LL.D., of Benning- 
ton, Vt. ; Hon. George C. Richardson, of Boston, Mass. ; Hon. John R. Bartlett, 
A.M., of Providence, R. I. ; Hon. Marshall Jewell, A.M., of Hartford, Ct, 

Honorary Vice-Presidents. — His Excellency Rutherford B. Hayes, LL.D., Presi- 
dent of the United States ; William A. Whitehead, A.M., of Newark,. N. J. ; Wil- 
liam Duane, of Philadelphia, Pa. ; Rev. Edwiu A. Dalrymple, S.T.D., of Balti- 
more, Md. ; Hun. William A. Richardson, LL.D., of Washington, D. C. ; Hon. 
Thomas Spjoner, of Cincinnati, Ohio ; Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, 
111.; Rev. Joseph F. Tuttie, D.D., of Crawlbrdsville, Ind. ; Lyman C. Draper, 
LL.D., of Madison, Wis. ; Rt. Rev. William S. Perry, D.D., LL.D., of Daven- 
port, Iowa ; Rev. William G. Eliot, D.D.,LL.D., of St. Louis, Mo.; Rt. Rev. 
William I. Kip, D.D., LL.D., of San Francisco, Cal. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

Recording S-crelary. — David Green Elaskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge, Mass. 

Treasurer. — Benjamin Barstow Torrey, of Boston, Mass. 

Historiographer. — Rev. Samuel Cutler, of Boston, Mass. 

Librarian. — John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

Directors. — lion. George C. Richardson, Boston ; Hon. Nathaniel Foster Safford, 
A.B., Milton; Hon. James W. Austin, A.M., Boston; Cyrus Woodman, A.M., 
Cambridge ; J. Gardner White, A.M., Cambridge. 

Committee on Financ*. — Henry Edwards, Boston, Chairman; Hon. Charles B. 
Hall, Boston ; Hon. Samuel C. Cobb, Boston; Hon. Alvah A. Burrage, Boston ; 
Addison Child, Boston ; Benjamin B. Torrey, Eoston, ex officio. 

Committee on Publication. — John Ward Dean, A.M., Chairman; Rev. Lucius R. 
Paige, D.D., Cambridge ; Rev. Edmuud F. Slafter. A.M., Boston; Jeremiah Col- 
burn, A.M., Boston; William B. Trask, Boston ; Henry H. Edes, Boston; Henry 
F. Waters, A.B., Salem. 

Committee on Me mo rials. — John Ward Dean, A.M., Chairman; Rev. Henry A. 
Hazen, A.M., Billerica ; J. Gardner White, A.M., Cambridge ; William B. Trask, 
Boston ; Daniel T. V. Huntoon, Canton ; Arthur M. Alger, LL.B., Taunton. 

Conlmitlee on Heraldry. — Hon. Thomas C. Amory, A.M., Boston, Chairman; 
Abner C. Goodell, Jr. A.M., Salem ; Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., Boston ; Georg3 
B. Chase, A.M., Boston ; Walter Lloyd Jeifries, A.B.^Boston. 

Committee on the Library. — Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., Boston, Chairman; Wil- 
liam B. Trask, Boston ; Dcloraine P. Corey, Maiden ; Wiliard S. Alien, A.M., 
Boston ; John W. Dean, Boston, ex officio. 

Committee on Papers and Essays. — Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., Chairman; Rev. 
Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., Newton ; Rev. David G. Haskins, S.T.D., Cambridge; 
William C. Bates, Newton ; Charles C. Collin, Brookline ; Rev. Artemas B. Muz- 
zey, A.M., Cambridge. 

Col. Wilder having, for the thirteenth time, been elected president of the society. 
proceeded to deliver his annual address, which is printed in full in this number of 
the Rkcister (ante, pp. 139-54). 

The following annual reports were presented : 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, reported that one hon- 
orary, thirty-seven resident and four corresponding members have been added to the 
society during the year. He also reported the usual correspondence relating to his- 
torical subjects. 

The Rev Samuel Cutler, the historiographer, reported the number of members 
who have died during the year, as far as known, to be thirty-two. Their united 
ages are 2349 years, 5 months and 25 days, being an average of 73 years. 5 months 
and 2 days. Memorial sketches of thirty-four deceased members have been prepared 
since the last report. 

Benjamin B. Torrey, the treasurer, reported the total income for the year to be 
{£3,214.20, ami the current expenses £3,lS2.75, leaving a balance on hand of £31.45. 
The receipts for life-membership were §120.00, making the present amount of the 
fund §9,297.74. The amount of the fund for the support of the librarian is 
$12,7(53.13; of the Bradbury Fund, $2,509.00; of the To wne Memorial Fund, 



208 Societies and their Proceedings, [April, 

$4,896.72; of the Barstow Fund, $1,001.39; of the Bond Fund, $703.21; of the 
Oushuian Fund. $57.82 ; and of the Sever Fund. $5,000.00 ; making a total for the 
several funds, in the hands of the treasurer, of $36,224. 18. 

John W. Dean, the librarian, reported that 719 volumes and 3,639 pamphlets had 
been added to the library during the year, of which 573 volumes and 3,114 pamph- 
lets were donations. Ten thousand pamphlets have been sold. The library now con- 
tains 16,010 volumes and 41,630 pamphlets. 

Henry W. Holland, chairman, reported for the library committee that about $350 
had been expended for books ; that new shelving and a case for the card-catalogue had 
been provided ; and that the classification of the books and pamphlets hud been 
proceeded with. The committee had also reprinted one hundred copies of the Steb- 
bins genealogy, the first genealogy known to have been printed in this country, in 
fac simile. 

John W. Dean, chairman of the publishing committee, reported that the Regis- 
ter to January, 1580, and the annual proceedings for 1879, had been issued under 
their charge since their last report. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., chairman of the committee on papers and essays. 
reported that eleven papers had been read before the society during the year. 

Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., for the committee on heraldry, and J. Gardner 
White, secretar3 r of the committee on memorials, also made reports. 

Thanks were voted to the president for bis address, and the publishing committee 
were directed to print the address, with an abstract of the other proceedings. 

Weymouth Historical Society. 

Weymouth, Mass., Sept. 6, 1879. — A stated meeting was held this evening at the 
house of the president, Elias Richards, Esq. 

The corresponding secretary, the Rev. xinson Titus, Jr., reported letters from 
more than a score of honorary members. A large number of valuable donations 
were presented at the meeting. The Rev. Mr. Titus stated to the meeting that 
Gilbert Nash, Esq., had made a copy of the Weymouth records of births, marriages 
and deaths, and arranged them alphabetically, and will aid his townsmen in tracing 
their ancestry. Where copying is required, a fee will be asked. 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mass., December 8, 1879. The annual meeting was held this evening. 
The Hon. Henry Williams read a paper on " The claim of Elizabeth Pool, as the 
foundress of Taunton," in which he gave reasons for disbelieving in that claim. 
The following officers were elected tor the ensuing year : 

President. — The Hon. John Daggett, of Attleborough. 

Vice-Presidents. — The Rev. Mortimer Blake, D.D., and the Hon. Samuel L. Crock- 
er, both of Taunton. 

Directors. — James H. Dean, Arthur M. Al^er, LL.B., and A. F. Sprague, of 
Taunton ; John S. Brayton, of Fall River ; Ellis Ames, of Canton ; and Gen. £b- 
enezer W. Peirce, of Freetown. 

Recording and Corresponding Secretary. — The Rev. S. H. Emery, of Taunton. 

Treasurer. — T. J. Lothrop. 

Librarian. — Ebenezer C. Arnold, of Taunton. 

Committee on Publication. — E. C. Arnold and Edgar H. Reed. 

Mr. Lothrop, the treasurer, reported that there was a balance of $34.61 in the 
treasury. 

Rhode-Island Historical Society. 

Providence, December 4, 1879.— A meeting was held this evening, the Hon. Zeph- 
aniah Allen, vice-president, in the chair. 

Vice-pre-ident Allen read a paper on k ' The Domestic Life, Manners and Customs 
of the Indians." 

F. Dcnnison, in behalf of the committee on the preservation of the Indian relics 
in Johnston, made a further report. 

Dec. 16. — A meeting was held this evening. 

The Hon. William D. Brayton read a paper on w The Oswego Expedition." 

Dec. 31. — William B. Weeden read a paper on " Person and Property." 



1880.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 209 

Delaware Historical Society. 

Wilmington, Dec. 15, 1879. — A stated meeting was held this evening, the Hon. 
Leonard E. Wales, the president, in the chair. 

Dr. L. P. Bush, in behalf of the committee on the " Great Seal," reported a his- 
tory of the seal of Delaware from its origin. 

Joseph R. Walter, Esq., the historiographer, made a report on the duties of his 
office, the preservation of historical records, with a list of his predecessors. 

The president appointed the following standing committees for the ensuing year : 

On Library — Dr. R. P. Johnson, Dr. J. P. Wales and W.D. Dowe. Biography — 
J. R. Walter, T. Gardiner Littell and Ctesar A. Rodney. Donatumr, — Dr. L. P. 
Bush, T. Gardiner Littell, and W. H. Porter. Publication— Hon. L. E. Wales, W. 
T. Croasdale and George H. Bates. Finance— John II. Adams, H. S. McComb and 
Elwood Garrett. 

Alabama Historical Society. 

Tuskaloosa, July 1, 1S79. — The annual meeting was held in Centennial Hall at 
half past four o'clock this afternoon, the president, the Rev. Joshua Foster, in the 
chair. 

The following officers for 1879-80, were elected : 

President. — The Rev. Joshua H. Foster, of Tuskaloosa. 

Vice-Presidents.— 1st, Gen. S. A. M. Wood, of Tuskaloosa: 2d, Col. L. M. Stan- 
sell, of Carrolton ; 3d, Maj. James D. Driesbach, Baldwin county. 

Treasurer. — James II. Fitts, Es^., of Tuskaloosa. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Waiter Guild, Esq., of Tuskaloosa. 

Recording Secretary. — John Snow, Esq., of Tuskaloosa. 

An evening session was held at half past eight in the Concert Hall of the A. C. F. 
College. 

President Foster delivered his annual address; after which, a paper bj r Major 
James D. Driesbach on * k The Early Indian History of Alabama," etc., was read 
by John J. Harris, Esq. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-EXGLAND HISTORIC, 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Samuel Cutler, Historiographer of the Society. 

The historiographer would state, for the information of the society, that 
the memorial sketches which are prepared for the Register are necessarily 
brief in consequence of the limited space which can be appropriated. All 
the facts, however, he is able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the 
Society, and will aid in more extended memoirs for which the u Towne 
Memorial Fund " is provided. The preparation of the first volume is 
now in progress by a committee appointed for the purpose. 

William Turell Andrews, A.M., of Boston, a life-member, was born in Boston, 
Dec. 24, 179 1, and died there Nov. 21, 1879, aged eighty-four years and eleven ins. 

Mr. Andrews was one of the youn<;e*t students who ever entered and graduated 
at Harvard College. When admitted in 1808 he was only thirteen years oid, gradu- 
ating in the class of 1812, with the well known men Peleg Sprague, Edward Brooks, 
Charles Brown, Dr. John Horaans and others. From his father, £bene/.er T., who 
was as-oeiated with Isaiah Thomas in the printing business many years ago, he 
inherited trreat wealth, and was himself a large owuer of real estate. After leav- 
ing college he began the srudy of law, and, entering upon his profession, he prac- 
ticed at the bar with the late Thomas Wetmore, a life-long friend of close in- 
timacy. He was a man of very quiet, retiring disposition, and after a few years he 
quit the practice of law, and devoting his life to the study of the classics, has left 
one of the largest private libraries in Buston, consisting mostly of foreign works, 
with many old and rars books. 



210 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

In addition to his studies Mr. Andrews found time to fill many offices of trust. 
From 1853 to '57 he was treasurer of Harvard College. The salary voted him he 
gave to the Plummer professorship. He was a trustee of the Wesfborough Reform 
School, for four or live years from the commencement of that institution ; a trustee 
of the McLean Asylum and Massachusetts General Hospital ; for over fifty years a 
trustee of the Boston Library ; a member of the Massachusetts Charitable Fire 
Society forty-one years, and president five years ; a director for thirty years of the 
Manufacturers' Insurance Company ; a director of the City Bank forty-three years, 
and president many years ; for twenty-seven years a director of the Massachusetts 
Mutual Insurance Company. Me was also one of the trustees of the Old Ladies" Home, 
and was connected with the Provident Institution for Savings, as secretary, trustee, 
and vice-president from 1 843 to 1874. He was a member of the Academy of Arts 
and Sciences, and the Warren Thursday Evening Club ; and for many years was a 
trustee of the Boston Athenaeum. 

Mr. Andrews was a member of the Massachusetts Legislature as a representative 
from Boston in 1841 and 1847. He was a member of the board of Aldermen of the 
city of Boston. 1840-1641, when his friend Jonathan Chapman was mayor ; and has 
filled other city offices. 

Mr. Andrews leaves a wife, two sons, and three daughters. 

He was admitted a member Dec. 10, 1846. 

Hon. Isaac Livermore. of Cambridge, Mass., a life member, was born in "Wal- 
tham, Mass., Nov. 21, 1797 ; died at Pittsfield, Mass., Nov. 9. 1879. aged 82. 

His father, Nathaniel Livermore, was born in Watertown, Mass., Sept. 20, 1772, 
and his mother Elizabeth (Gleason) Livermore, in Waltham, Feb. 8, 1770. 

Isaac Livermore attended the common schools in Waltham and Cambridge, to 
which his father removed in 1804. At the age of fourteen he left school to go into 
a store in Cambridge, where he began his training for his business life. From a 
statement in our archives, recently revised by Mr. Livermore, we learn that early 
in life he commenced the dry-goods business on his own account. In it he says, 
briefly, in mentioning his occupation and the prominent events of his life : "Dry-goods 
merchant from 1S1G to 1826. Wool merchant from 1826 to 1816. Treasurer of Man- 
chester Print Works from 1846 to 1852. Treasurer of Michigan Central Railroad 
Company over twenty-one years." Mr. Livermore was for many years a partner 
with the late city treasurer of Boston, Mr. James B. Dunn ; subsequently with 
Mr. Hugh R. Kendall, in the purchase and sale of wool. On the dissolution of the 
firm of Livermore & Kendall, he associated with him his brother George Livermore. 

Mr. Livermore has been prominent in public life. He was a representative 
to the Geueral Court of Massachusetts from the town and city of Cambridge for 
five y ars, and senator from the county of Middlesex two years. He was president 
of the first Common Council of the city of Cambridge, 1846; presidential elector 
in 1648, on the whig ticket ; a member of the convention to revise the constitu- 
tion of Massac hu*etts, from Cambridge, 1653 ; and justice of the peace since 1846. 

For over thirty years Mr. Livermore was a director of the Bunker Hill Monument 
Assoeiatinn ; a director of the City Bank, Boston, nearly eighteen years; of the 
National Insurance Company, Boston, over twenty years : a trustee of Mount 
Auburn Cemetery for eight years ; president of the Hancock Free Bridge Corpora- 
tion. Under his administration the funds accumulated to purchase both the 
Cambridge bridges. 

Mr. Livermore was prominent as a member of the masonic fraternity. Sept. 18, 
1820. he was admitted to the Amicable Lodge of F. and A. M., and has several 
times held the highest position in the Royal Arch Chapter of Cambrid^eport. Early 
in life he was a federalist, then a whig, but since 185 4 a republican. He had been 
a prominent member of the Austin Street Unitarian Church since 1654. In private 
life he was one of the most genial of men. His charities were numerous and large. 

Mr. Livermore married Nov. 21, 1822, Eunice, daughter of Piiineas B. Hovey, 
by whom he had : 1. Edward Marshal/, born Oct. 5, 1823. 2. Jane Cornelia, born 
Aug. 23, 18*25. 3. Sarah Elizabeth, born Oct. 31, 1827. 4. Charles Frederick, 
born March 13, 1830. 

His membership is from Feb. 12, 1872. 

Prof. Jonx Jofinstox, LL.D., of Middletown, Conn., an honorary member, was 
born in Bristol, county of Lincoln, Maine, Aug. 23, 1806 ; died at Staten Island, 
New York, Dec. 3, 1879, aged 73 years, 3 ms. 10 ds. 



1880.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, 211 

He was of Scotch descent. His father, William Johnston, who was born in Bris- 
tol, Maine, Oct. 29, 1775, and who married Olive Morton, born in what is now the 
town of Friendship, Maine, Oct. 16, 1774, was the son of Thomas Johnston who 
came to this country in 1753, from Berwickshire, Scotland, where he was born 
March 23 or 31, in 1735. He died in 1811. His father's name was also Thomas, 
who was buried with his wile in Preston churchyard, Scotland. 

Prof. Johnston's preparation to enter Bowdoin College, from which he graduated 
in the class of 1832, wa3 partly at the Wesleyan Seminary, Readfield, Maine, and 
partly at the Lincoln Academy, Newcastle, Maine. From McKendree College, in 
1850, he received the degree of LL.D. A like honor was conferred by the Wesleyan 
University. 

After his graduation in 1332 he entered upon the duties of teacher in Oneida 
Conference, now Central N r ew York, Conference Seminary, Cazehovia, N. Y. ; of 
which, in 1335, he was principal. From 1835—39, he was Adjunct Professor of Math- 
ematics, and Lecturer on Natural Science; and from 1839-1873, Professor of Natu- 
ural Science in Wesleyan University. 

It was soon after his removal to Middletown, Conn., in 1835, that he began his 
daily lectures on chemistry and natural philosophy, which he continued until 1874, 
when, on account of his advanced age, he retired from active duty with the honor 
of Professor Emeritus. 

After the death of Dr. Oliver in 1851, he was the acting president of the Univer- 
sity until the election of his successor, Dr. Smith, in 1852. 

Prof. Johnston is the author or compiler of several test books on chemistry and 
natural philosophy, which have passed through many editions. During the latter 
years of his lite, besides rewriting his text books, he has compiled and published a 
history of Bristol, and Bremen, including the ancieut Pemaquid, Lincoln Co., Me. 
This work is the result of extended and thorough research, embracing a critical in- 
vestigation of several important questions relative to the early history of Maine, 
and is justly regarded as one of the most reliable of the contributions that have 
been made to American local history. He was a member of the American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science ; of the New York Lyceum ; of the Philadel- 
phia Academy of Science ; and of the Connecticut Historical Society ; and a cor- 
responding member of several state historical societies. He was an occasional con- 
tributor to the American Journal of Science, Methodist Quarterly lieview, Na- 
tional Magazine, and the Register of our own Society. 

Dr. John-ton married in Gazenovia, N. Y., April 5, 1S35, Nancy Maria, born in 
Blandford, Mass., Oct. 12, 1803. daughter of Armor Hamilton, by whom he had 
five sons. His wife and three of his sous survive him. The sons are in business in 
New York, and at the residence of one of them, on Staten Island, the venerable 
professor passed away. 

Urbane in manner, gentle in disposition, the alumni of Weslej-an University, 
with others of his associates, will have pleasing remembrances A his useful life. 

His membership dates from April 17, 1876. 

Rev. Calvin Dl'rfee, D.D., a corresponding member, of Williamstown, Mass., 
was born at Pittsfield, Mass., Oct. 6, 1797. lie died at Williamstown, Nov. 21, 
1879, aged 82 years, 1 mo. 15 ds. 

He was the son of John and Mary (Peck) Durfee. He lived a few years in Stock- 
bridge when a lud, and then removed to Great Barrington, where he made a pro- 
fession of religion. He fitted for college in Lenox Academy. He was a graduate 
of Williams College in the class of 1825 ; after graduation, taught six months in 
Westtield ^ Academy : studied theology with Dr. Woodbridge, of Hadley ; was 
licensed November, 1627 ; preached six months in South Hadley ; and was ordained 
at Hunter, N. Y., April 21, 1823, and resigned in August, 1835. He was installed 
in South Dedham, March 6, 1836, and resigned in 1851. He was in Brooklyn, 
Ohio, about three years. Li 1655 he was appointed financial agent of Williams 
College, and removed to Williamstown. Dr. Durfee collected some funds for the 
institution and sought to advance its interests in various ways, his chief service 
being through a history uf the college, and his " Biographical Annals of Williams." 
For more than a quarter of a century he was engaged in collecting materials for 
this important work. Dr. S. kenaeus Prime, in an introduction, speaks of it as 

"one of the must extrordinary literary compilations of the present day It 

contains authentic information of the founders and first omcers, and the first 

graduates of Williams We have now almost a complete biography of the 

VOL. XXXIV. 19 



212 Hecrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [April, 

men -who have been identified with the college from its birth to the present day." 
How great the labor, the patience and the perseverance of collecting this record of 
over two thousand alumni scattered through the four quarters of the worid ! It is 
a volume of nearly seven hundred pages, published in 1871, by Lee & Shepherd, 
Boston. The " History of Williams College " is an octavo volume of pp. 430, pub- 
lished 1860. On pp. 420-21, of "Biographical Annals," maybe found a list of 
some of Dr. Durfee's discourses and addresses, many of them of interest to the 
genealogist and antiquarian. He was fond of biographical work. He ioved his 
alma mater. For years he prepared the annual necrology of its members. He was 
instrumental in obtaining many of the portrait paintings which hang in Alumni 
Hall, and recently gave to the college his own valuable collection of autographs. 
He was an accurate, clear writer, confining himself to skeleton facts rather than 
attempting to clothe bis subjects in flesh and blood again. 

Dr. Durfee was twice married — first, to Miss Maria Beckwith, of Great Barring- 
ton, May, 1828 ; second, to Miss Sarah Tappan Pierce, of Brookline, August 15, 
1831. 

His membership dates from Sept. 6, 1S47. 

Gen. Jostah Newhall, a life member, of Lynnfield, Mass., where he was born 
June 6, 1794 ; and where he died, December 26, 1879, in his eighty-sixth year. 

He traces his descent from Thomas 1 Newhall, who came from England iu 1630, 
through Thomas, 2 the first white person born in Lynn ; John, 3 Josiak* born 1717 ; 
and Jacob. 5 his father, born in Lynn, now Lynnfield, September 16, 1758, and who 
married Ede Marble, born in Danvers, Aug. 15, 1769. 

Gen. Newhall had a common school education, with the advantages of academi- 
cal instruction, and in early life followed the profession of teaching. Later in life 
he became a farmer and horticulturist, and was one of the founders of the Massa- 
chusetts Horticultural Society in 1829. During the war of 1812 he served in the 
American army, and has been one of the pensioners of that war. Subsequently he 
became active in the state militia. In 1821 he commanded a regiment of nine com- 
panies in uniform, among the troops reviewed by Gen. Lafayette, on Boston Com- 
mon, on his visit to America. Subsequently, as Brigadier General, he was for six 
years in command of the First Brigade of Massachusetts militia. For eight years, 
under the administration of Gen. Jackson, he held a commission in the Revenue 
Department, connected with the Boston Custom House. 

In town affairs he was long prominent, holding various offices, as selectman, 
assessor, and overseer of the poor for several years; chairman of the school com- 
mittee twenty-two years; representative of the town in the General Court in 1826, 
1827 and 1818, being the first to represent the town after its incorporation ; held a 
commission as justice of the peace forty-seven years. Ic 1848 he delivered the 
annual address before the Essex Agricultural Society, w lich was published by the 
society. Of late years he has been an occasional visitor at the state-house. At his 
last visit, and within the year, he learned that of ail who had been connected with 
the government in 1826, he was the only survivor. 

Gen. Newhall married Rachel Converse Bancroft, daughter of Timothy Bancroft, 
Oct. 28, 1821, and nine children were the fruit of the marriage. Of these the only 
survivors are two daughter.^, one of whom is the wife of Mr. S. A. Hall, of Revere, 
and the other of Mr. G. A. Hall, of Chelsea, these gentlemen being brothers. 

His membership is from April 27, 1853. 

Gustavus Adolpfius Somerbv, Esq., of Boston, a resident member, was born in 
Newbury, Mass., November 2, 1821 ; died at his summer residence, South Fra- 
mingham, July 24,1879, in his fifty-eighth year. 

He was the son of Samuel and Hannah (George) Somerby, and often referred to 
the fact that he was a descendant of Anthony Somerby, for a long time clerk of 
courts in Essex county, in the seventeenth century. His early educational advant- 
ages were small. He attended the high school in Way land, and there became in- 
spired with an ambition to become a lawyer. Bein^ aided by an old farmer in the 
neighborhood, whom it was his good fortune afterwards many times to repay, he 
entered the office of Judgp Meilen, who was at that time— about the year 1840 — 
chief justice of the court of common pleas, and in 1844 he was admitted to the 
bar. He remained in W'ayland till 1852, when he removed to Waltham, and be- 
came associated as a partner with Josiah Rutter, now deeeased. He remained there 



I860.] Book Notices. 213 

six years, and when in 1S53 he moved to Boston, he had gained a reputation which 
had extended beyond Middlesex county, and he was looked upon as a valuable acces- 
sion to the Suffolk bar. He first located on Court Street, in the building now occu- 
pied by the Adams Express Company. In ISG5 he succeeded Henry F. Durant, Esq., 
at the old State-House. When Sears building was completed, he took the spacious 
and elegaut rooms vacated by his death. 

Mr. bomerby was distinguished as an advocate. He will be remembered for his 
famous defence of Leavitt Alley on the charge of murder in the spring of 1873 — 
a defence and an acquittal which many regarded as rivalling Rufus Choate's achieve- 
ment in securing the acquittal of Albert J. Tirrell. It is said he never recovered 
from the great mental and physical effort of the ten or twelve days of that trial. For 
six months he was so broken down as to be unable to attend to his work, and has 
ever since been a suiferer from the protracted effort of that laborious defence. 

Mr. Somerby's ascent to eminence was slow but steady. He never forgot his own 
early experience, and he was fund of young men of ability, associated them with 
him, and helped them at the bar. He wanted to see men making the most of their 
abilities. He respected the man who did, and had no patience with a man who 
was not doing the best he could. He had many friends and few enemies. His con- 
tests at the bar were oftentimes sharp, but he had the reputation of being perfectly 
honorable in his dealings with counsel and clients, and he demanded fair dealing in 
return. He was one of the board of examiners of candidates for admission to the 
SuiFulk bar, and was a member of the Temple and Suffolk clubs. He leaves a wife 
and one son, Samuel Ellsworth Somerby, a graduate of Harvard College, class of 
1879. 

Mr. Somerby was admitted a member June 4, 1863. 



BOOK NOTICES. 

The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail. 

Los Restos de Colon en Santo Domingo. Por Euiliano Tejera. [Device.] Santo 
Domingo : lmprenta de Garcia Hcrmanos. 1&78. [Royal 8vo. pp. 75.] 

Los Restos de Colon. Informe de la Real Acadernia de la Historia al Gobierno de S. 
M. sob-re el Saj>uesto Hallazgo de los Verdaderos Restos de Cristoval Colon en la 
Iqlesia Catedral de Santo Domingo. Publicado por el Ministerio de Fomento. 
Madrid : lmprenta y Fundicion de M. Telio, Impressor de Camara de S. M. Isa- 
bel la Catoiiea, 23. 1879. [16mo. pp. 197.] 

Los Restos de Cristobal Colon en la Catedral de Santo Domingo, Contestacion al In- 
forme de la Real Acadernia de la Historia al Gobierno de S. M. El Rpy de Espaua. 
Por Monsehor Roque Coccuia, de la Orden de Capuehinos, Arzobispo de Siraee, 
Vicario Apostolico Je la Arquidiocesis de Santo Domingo y cerca de la misma 
Republica y de las Haiti y de Venezuela Delenado Apostolico. [Motto.] Santo 
Domingo : lmprenta de Garcia Hermanos. 1»79. [Super Royal 8vo. pp. 339.] 

E. T'jera. Los dos Restos de Cristobal Colon exhumados de la Catedral de Santo 
Domingo en. 1795 i 1877. [Motto.] Santo Domingo : lmprenta de Garcia Her- 
manos. 1879. [Super Royal 8ro. pp. 111.] 

In the autumn of 1877 the world was startled jby the publication of a pastoral 
letter from the Bishop of Orope, in the Republic of San Domingo, announcing the 
finding of the remains of Columbus, the discoverer of the New \Vorid, in the chan- 
cel of the cathedral church in the city of San Domingo, and proposing to raise there 
an appropriate monument to his memory. Hardly had the remembrance of the 
pomp and circumstance of the removal of the venerable remains of the Great Ad- 
miral from San Domingo to Havana gone from aged persons in those places, when 
this surprising intrili-jcGCc was made public. 

Columbus died at Vulladolid in Spain, May 20, 1500, and his body was tempora- 
rily deposited in the convent or San Francisco of that place. In 1513 it was remov- 
ed to the Carthusian Convent of S:inta Maria in Seville, with the view of being 



214 Booh Notices. [April, 

taken to San Domingo, in the Indies, for final interment, pursuant, it is said, to the 
request of the deceased Great Admiral. In 1536, the remains of Columbus, and also 
those of his eldest son. Don Diego, who had died in 1526, were removed from this 
convent to be transported to San Domingo in the new world. 

In 1540, on petition of Dona Maria de Toleda, widow of Don Diego Columbus, and 
i ct of the famous duke of Alva, the emperor Charles V. granted a place in the chan- 
cel of the Cathedral Church in San Domingo, for the burial of the remains of the 
Great Admiral and members of his family. It seems that the remains of Columbus 
and his son Don Diego were not deposited in the Cathedral Church of San Domingo 
before 154 1 , five years after they were taken away from the convent in Seville. Where 
were they during this period? The ancient archives of the old cathedral in San 
Domirigo are missing ; and the exact place of interment of the remains of Colum- 
bus, as well as those of his son, Don Diego, is preserved only in tradition, which 
uniformly assigned to the former a vault on the gospel side of the great altar, where 
they, or the remains of some other person, were found in 1795 and removed to 
Havana. 

In 1795 Spain ceded to France that part of the Island where the cathedral 
stands ; and it was thereupon resolved that the remains of Columbus should be 
removed to the cathedral church of Havana, that they might continue under the 
protection of the Spanish flag, a removal in plain violation of the expressed wish of 
the Great Admiral. This was done with great civic and military display, and high 
religious ceremonial, at the end of" that year. 

In 1877, while workmen were making some repairs on the epistle side of the great 
altar in this Cathedral Church of San Domingo, the remains of Don Luis, a well 
known grandson of Columbus, were discovered enclosed in a metallic case, having 
his name and titles plainly engraved thereon. This discovery led to further explora- 
tion in the mortuary places in the chancel, and to the finding of the remains now be- 
lieved to be thoscof the Great Admiral, in or near the place tradition had assigned 
for their deposit on the gospel side of the great altar. They were enclosed in a metal- 
lic case and lying in a stone vault, within six inches of an empty vault from which it 
is supposed the alleged remains of Columbus had been taken in 1795 and carried to 
Havana. The outside of the lid bore an inscription, which being extended in Eng- 
lish, is as follows : "Discoverer of America, First Admiral." The bishop being 
informed of this, immediately summoned the President of the republic and other 
official persons, civil and military, to attend the opening of this metallic case, and 
examination of its contents. The company being assembled and the lid raised, there 
was another inscription on the inside, as follows : " The Illustrious and Noble Baron 
Don Christopher Columbus.'' At each end and also on the back of the metallic 
coffin, were the words, " Christopher Columbus, Admiral*' In the leaden coffin 
were a considerable number of human bones, with dust, a leaden bullet, and also a 
thin metal plate having this inscription on one side, " A part of the remains of the 
first Admiral Don Christopher Colambus, Discoverer." On the other side of this 
plate was inscribed " Christopher Columbus." 

Ic is manifest that these various inscriptions were designed to apply to no other 
than the Great Admiral ; and but for the remains taken to Havana in 1795, no 
question of identity would likely have arisen. 

The finding of these remains so fully marked for identification, in or near the 
place tradition had assigned for those of the immortal Columbus, naturally turns 
attention to the marks by which the remains taken to Havana in 1795 were recog- 
nized and identified. Strange to say, there were no marks to identify them. The 
linger of ancient tradition pointed to a nameless vault on the gospel side of the altar, 
wherein were found a few plates of lead, some fragments of human bones, and a 
small heap of ashes. Without further verification these were gathered up and taken 
to Havana as the remains of the discoverer of the New \V T orld. This same tradi- 
tion then and there pointed to the epistle side of that venerable altar as the tomb 
of Bartholomew, brother of fie Great Admiral. There, in 1877, were found the 
remains of Don Luis, grandson of the Great Admiral, not those of h 13 brother 
Bartholomew, the Adeluntado. So much for the accuracy of the tradition invoked 
in 1795 to point out the remains of tiie discoverer of the New World. 

It seems there had long been in San Domingo a belief, particularly among the 
ecclesiastics, that fraud or blunder had prevented the removal of the veritable re- 
mains oi Columbus to Havana ; that the remains of another member of his family 
were carried away instead. In tins belief the Bishop had come to share ; and when 
the remains of Don Luis were accidentally discovered in 1877, he immediately di- 



1880. J Book Notices. 215 

rected farther examination of the vaults in the chancel, a direction that led to the 
discovery of these remains on the gospel side of the altar. 

Upon bearing of this discovery of the alleged remains of Columbus, the Spanish 
government referred the examination of the evidence to the Royal Academy of His- 
tory of Madrid. At the request of the Academy another and more searching ex- 
amination of this metallic coffin and its contents was had same months later. 

The Spanish government has now printed the very learned and elaborate report 
of the Academy of History. It is illustrated with views of the metallic coffin and 
its contents, and with fae-similes of the various inscriptions. The appendix to the 
report contains~a large number of extracts, from various writers, bearing on the his- 
tory of the remains of Columbus and of his descendants, and also many official 
documents. 

The conclusion of this learned report is adverse to the claims of the Bishop of 
Orope and of the municipal authorities of San Domingo. Among other things set 
forth to sustain this view are these : That it is incredible that those who were 
charged with the removal of the remains of the Great Admiral to Havana, should have 
been deceived in the undertaking ; that the name " America " on the lid could not 
have been placed there by a descendant of Columbus, nor at that date nor a cen- 
tury later by the Spanish people ; that the inscription, as well as the letters, belong 
to a later period than that of Columbus ; that the bones are too well preserved to be 
those of the Great Admiral, and that they are the remains of Christopher Columbus, 
a grandson of the Great Admiral and younger brother of Don Luis. As the name 
America appears only on the outside of the lid, it is possible that this inscription was 
placed there at a later period, to show, without removing the lid, that the remains 
of the Great Admiral were contained in the casket. 

A previjus publication on this subject, favoring the Dominican theory, was issued 
in San Domingo in 1S7S, by the Sehor Emiliano Tejt-ra. This also has some good 
representations of the coffin and its contents ; and facsimiles of the various inscrip- 
tions. It contains numerous extracts from historical writers bearing on this sub- 
ject, and also official documents. 

The removal, or even the attempt at removal, of the venerable remains of the 
Great Admiral from San Domingo, where they had been quietly inurned with 
those of his own nearest kindred nearly three centuries, to Havana in I7'j.3 by the 
Spanish authorities, was a piece of national egotism and abuse, not justified by any 
reason that has yet been given. \\ 'ho had better right to select the site of his sep- 
ulchre than he who had discovered half the surface of the globe? Columbus had 
expressly desired that his remains might rest forever in that beautiful tropical Isle, 
one of the fruits of his earliest di-coveries in the New World — an isle named by 
hirn Hispaniola from its many real or fancied resemblances, in his e\'es, to the sun- 
nier and fairer parts of Spain, although believing it to be the ancient Ophir. Thith- 
er they were borne, spared by winds and waves, and interrc I iu the metropolitan 
church. There they were as free from violence under one flag as another ; for the 
name and memory of the discoverer of the New World are held in veneration and 
remembrance by all people and all nations. If the Spaniards have been defeated in 
their attempt to tear away the remains of Columbus from his beloved Hispaniola, 
there are few who will regret their failure. 

A century later the greatest genius of England thought fit to prevent the remo- 
val and confounding of his ashes, by that fearful and solemn menace : 

" Cursed be he that moves my bones." 

That Columbus should have survived so many perils of the ocean during his long 
Atlantic voyages, to die on land among his own kindred, and now the identity of 
his remains be in dispute, is truly amazing. It is manifest that carelessness, neg- 
ligence and national ingratitude, have bequeathed to posterity a new and endless con- 
troversy. The Spaniards and the Dominicans are each confident that they possess 
the veritable remains of Columbus. 

Spain has never been distinguished for gratitude shown to men of genius. To 
Columbus, though of foreign "birth, who carried her banners into unknown seas, 
unlocked the mysteries of the ocean, made a peerless discovery and conquest, and 
overspread the Spanish monarchy and nation with imperishable glory, she owed a 
mausoleum, more sumptuous and more enduring than her Sscurial. Other na- 
tions would have recorded his name and achievements in gold on lasting pillars, 
and marked his grave with a memorial befitting a nation's gratitude and venera- 
tion. But her waut of appreciation of exalted worth, and her neglect to commemo- 
vol. xxxiv. 20 



216 Booh Notices. [April, 

rate its achievements, sent the great Columbus to a grave so obscurely marked and 
identified that none is now sure where his remains rest; What a princely gift to a 
nation and people, and what a return ! 

" A Castilla y a Leon 
Neuvo Mundo dio Colon.'' 

This question of the identity of the remains of Columbus, now so warmly dis- 
puted, is far from being a local or even a national one. The civilized world desires 
to know where lies the tomb of the greatest oceanic discoverer of any age or of any 
nation. The Roman Catholic Church, superior to human nationality, is interested 
in the preservation of the relics of her illustrious son, who first bore the symbol of 
her faith over a vast and unknown waste, and planted it forever in a New World. 

This discussion has not failed to interest our Historical Societies. On two occa- 
sions, May IB, 167S, and Jan. 24. 1879, interesting communications were presented 
to the New Jersey Historical Society. So well satisfied was this Society of the dis- 
covery of the veritable remains of Columbus, that it passed resolutions favoring 
contributions from the United States towards erecting the proposed monument in 
San Domingo to the memory of Columbus. Mr. Charles H. Hart brought this sub- 
ject to the attention of the Numismatic Society of Philadelphia in November last, 
and read an interesting paper, substantially agreeing with the action of the New 
Jersey Historical Society. 

These few publication* contain all the authentic information on this subject 
which had come to our knowledge at the time of writing. But the literature of 
this interesting subject grows apace. Since the Madrid report was published 
and received, we have from San Domingo two large pamphlets each filled with 
the discussion of the subject of the remains of the discoverer ofuhe new world. 
One, though pamphlet in form, is more a book, since it contains over three 
hundred pages. It is from the pen of the Bishop, Monsefior Roque Cocchia,- and 
contains, among other things, a vigorous and somewhat caustic review of the re- 
port of the Royal Academy of History, and a reaffirmation of his belief as expressed 
in the pastoral letter of September. 1877. The bishop also takes notice of all that has 
been written on this subject in ail parts of the world, to the date of his pamphlet. 
The other pamphlet, by Seiior Tejera. contains a fuller and more comprehensive dis- 
cussion of this subject than his former pamphlet, besides additions. There is a 
temptation to briefly review these recent pamphlets, but the space assigned for 
this notice is already filled. 

[By C. W. Tuttle, A.M., of Boston.] 

Memoirs and Letters of Captain \V. GJanville Evelyn, of I he 4th Regiment (" King's 
Own ..") , from North America, 1771-1770. Edited and Annotated by G. D. 
Scui-k, Member of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, the Histo- 
rical Society of Pennsylvania, the New England Historic, Genealogical Society of 
Boston, and the Harleian Society of London. Printed for Private Circulation by 
James Parker and Co., Oxford. 1S79. [8vo. pp. 140. With full Index.] 

Through just such contributions as that now made by Mr. Scull, we are filling 
out and rounding off the literature of the Revolution. Sixteen original letters 
written between July, 1771. and September, 1776, by an officer of the royal army, 
have been discovered, and are now put beyond the contingency of loss. The writer 
of these letters, Captain W. Glanville Evelyn, was a captain in the -1th, or King's 
Own, regiment, which landed in Boston, June 14, 1771, and encamped on Boston 
Common, forming the vanguard of the army destined to overcome or reduce to sub- 
jection the king's rebellious American colonics. The letters being addressed to his 
relations in Ireland and England, naturally contain much of little historical value, 
but they all embrace more or less information upon the events which crowded those 
years covered by the correspondence with such momentous consequences. 

Those investigators who have ransacked the printed and manuscript records of 
their own country over and over again, have naturally turned to the records of the 
British war office, and of the regiments then serving in America, for additional 
light upon important military operations of the Revolution. The annals of a few- 
only of these regiments have been printed. What they preserve, though important, 
is unfortunately too little. Fur example, the history of the 4th, the corps in which 
Captain Evelyn served, printed in 1830; of the 5th (Lord Percy's), printed in 1S37, 
show that very little effort was made to procure full and authentic data of the ser- 
vices of these battalions. What has been done by Mr. Scull suggests with much 






1880. ] Booh Notices. 217 

force what might have been done forty-four years ago, "when many of the actors 
in our war were still living. The histories of the 52d, of the Royal Artillery, and 
of the Royal .Marines, are more recent and more full, and should they be followed 
! y similar publications, something may still be added to our stock of military 
knowledge. 

So far as Captain Evelyn is himself concerned, he came to America a young man 
of thirty-two, imbued with all the prejudices then so popular with the British 
ana}* ; and his first letters doubtless fairly express the feeling of contempt enter- 
tained by that army for Americans in general and for Bostoniaris in particular, 
whom he energetically describes as " rascals and poltroons/' But we can pardon 
this hasty estimate made by a gallant but mistaken soldier, the more that after the 
conflict of the 19th of April, in which Captain Evelyn participated, and which he 
pleasantly denominates a " little fracas," we note the omission of all such epithets ; 
and are pleased to see that the Americans have acquired his esteem by the argu- 
ment, he was so anxious to enforce — the argument ot the sword. There is a large 
gup in the letters (.June G to August 19), and so we have no report of that other 
" little fracas " at Bunker Bill, where the Captain "nas probably not present. lie 
however took part in the affair at Lecbmere's Point. In January, 1775, he accom- 
panied Sir II Clinton to the Carolinas, subsequently rejoining the army at New 
York, the capture ot which is related in the fifteenth letter. In the sixteenth and 
last letter (dated N. Y., Sept. 25, 1776) addressed to his mother, Captain Evelvn 
briefly mentions his participation in the battle of Long Island. Wounded in a 
skirmish at Throg's Neck, Oct. 18, 1776, he died in New York of his wounds the 
following month. 

Captain Evelyn's political insight was neither very keen nor very deep, but we 
cannot forbear mentioning his estimate of two prominent Bostonians. He ascribes 
the whole movement and direction of the Revolution " from New England to Geor- 
gia," to one man, Samuel Adams, who is of course, in his view, the greatest of 
demagogues and neediest of political adventurers. John Hancock is described 
(page 48) as ''a poor contemptible fool, led about by Adams; and has spent a 
fortune of £30,000 upon that infamous crew ; has sacrificed all he was worth in the 
world to the vanity of beiug admitted among them, and is now nearly reduced to a 
state of beggary." 

The Memoirs and Letters are supplemented with an appendix containing sketches 
and memoranda relating to Col. Cleaveland, R.A., General Prescott, Col. Harcourt, 
Lieut. Edward T. Gould, Earl Percy, and a genealogical table which shows Captain 
Evel)n collaterally descended from the famous John Evelyn. Several fine autotype 
portraits illustrate the text ; among them one of the letter-writer, Capt. Evelyn. 

[By Samuel Adams Drake, Est/., of Melrose.] 

R-./ninisce ces of Levi Coffin, the reputed President of the Underground Railroad ; 
bnng a Brief History of the Labors of a Lifetime in behalf of (he Stave, with the Sto- 
ries of numerous Fugitives ic ho gained their Freedom through his instrumentality, 
and many other Incidents. Second Edition. With Appendix. Cincinnati : Robert 
Clarke & Co. IS80. [12mo. pp. 732. With portrait and full contents, but no 
index. Price $2. Sold by Estes & Lauriat in Boston.] 

This is a book of remarkable interest, and worthy of a place beside Mrs. Child's 
fascinating life of Isaac T. Hopper, between whom and Levi Coffin there were many 
points of strong resemblance. Both Friends, and both men of undaunted courage 
and ready wit in emergencies, as well as keen sympathy for the oppressed, they were 
well suited to the work to which both devoted a great share of their lives — that of 
aiding the fugitive from slavery on his way, and baffling his pursuers. In this vol- 
ume Levi Coffin relates in a plain but graphic style the story of his services to the 
slave, in rendering which he cheerfully sacrificed" his own interests, and often ex- 
posed himself to serious peril. 

He was born in New Garden, Guilford County, North Carolina, Oct. 28, 1798. 
His father, however, was a native of the Island of Nantucket, his grandfather, Wil- 
liam Coffin, being one or a company of Friends who emigrated from that island to 
North Carolina shortly before the revolutionary war. Levi's interest in the slave 
beiran, in his early boyhood, and he soon became known among the negroes in the 
vieicity as their friend, and was ofteu called upon by them iov advice and assistance. 
i>) 1826 he removed to Newport, Wayne County. Indiana, where there was a large 
settlement of Friends, many of them his relatives or former neighbors in the south. 
Here he resided tor twenty years, engaged in a successful business. To his regular 
occupation as a merchant he soon added that of sheltering, clothing and forward- 



218 Boole Notices. [April, 

ing fugitive slaves. Though many of his neighbors sympathized with his views, he 
alone had the courage to receive the fugitives to his house, which soon became gen- 
erally known among the colored people and the friends of the slave, as one of the 
most important stations upon the Underground Kailroad. During his twenty years' 
residence at Newport he sheltered on an average more than one hundred fugitives 
annually, and such was his skill in evading pursuit, which was often close, that not 
a single fugitive whom he aided was ever captured. In this work he had the sympa- 
thy and efficient help of his wife. 

On becoming convinced of the wrong of selling or using the products of slave labor, 
on which the profits of his business largely depended, he resolved to deal only in 
articles known to be the product of free labor, and, in 1847, removed to Cincinnati, 
where he opened a store for the sale of such articles only. Here he resided for the 
remainder of his life, and continued his work in behalf of the fugitives, nearly all 
who passed through the city being concealed in his house till they could be forward- 
ed in safety. The volume abounds in interesting and often exciting narratives of 
the various cases in which he was engaged. 

In 1864 he was sent to England by the Western Preedmen's Aid Commission, to 
solicit aid for the freedmen. His mission was entirely successful, and he remained 
abroad about a year, addressing meetings in England, Scotland and Ireland, and 
gaining the esteem and confidence of many of their most prominent and liberal citi- 
zens.' He died September 16, lb77, at Avondale, near Cincinnati, full of years and 
honor. 

The names of Levi Coffin and his wife Catharine Coffin ought to be held in last- 
ing remembrance for their unselfish services to a despised and almost friendless class 
of people. " Inasmuch ns ye have done it unto one of the least of these my breth- 
ren, ye have done it unto me." 

[By T. B. Peck, Esq., of Melrose.] 

Biographical Encyclopedia of Massachusetts of the Nineteenth Century. New York : 
Metropolitan Publishing and Engraving Co. 1679. [Royal 4to. pp. iii.4-472.fv.] 
On the back, but not on the title-page, this book is labelled Vol. I. How many 
volumes of this rich and sumptuous work are to follow does not appear; and proba- 
bly that question is left to be decided by circumstances. The piesent volume con- 
tains biographical notices, longer or shorter, of one hundred and forty Massachu- 
setts men, in various walks of life, merchants, manufacturers, lawyers, doctors, 
statesmen, &c. So far as we discover, the only names that have ever worn the title 
of Key. are Alonzo Ames Miner, and Ralph Waldo Emerson. In this respect the 
work might be called a little secular, — perhaps the Scotch deacon might say 
" warldly." Not far from seventy of these- biographical notices are accompanied by 
choice and elegant engravings of their subjects. Anothe: somewhat marked pecu- 
liarity of the work is, that the men commemorated are, for the most part, alive, 
some of thern in old age and some in middle life. Of the dead, one or two have 
passed awa} T since the volume "was begun. The worthy president of our So- 
ciety, the Hon. .Marshall P. Wilder, finds a fitting place in these pages. The long aud 
discriminating notice of his life and public services is accompanied with a clear and 
life-like engraving. The volume numbers nearly five hundred pages, including the 
engravings, preface, index, &c. It is printed on rich and heavy paper, and is ele- 
gantly bound, — a work designed to serve for a parlor ornament rather than as a 
hand-book for easy and frequent reference. 

[By the Rev. Increase i\. Tarbox, D.D., of West Newton.] 

A Memorial of Caleb disking from the City of Newburyport. [Motto and Seal.] 
Newburyport : Published by order of the City Council. 1879. [Royal 6vo. pp. 
178.] 

" Caleb Cushing," says a recent writer, " belonged to that galaxy of public men, 
vsho, forty years ago, were in the eyes of the whole nation. Web>ter, Everett, 
Choate and Cushing form a group such as had never before appeared in this Com- 
monwealth, and may never appear a^ain. Their great fame was far from being due 
to the high public station they tilled ; but to their commanding abilities, extensive 
literary culture, great learning and eloquence, and supremacy in their professions. 
They were scholars, orators, statesmen and patriots, whose names and memories 
Massachusetts will not willingly let die." 

SThe city of Newburyport, with which the name of Caleb Cushing is so intimately 
associated, held on the bth of Oct. last, a memorial service to his memory, at which 
the Hon. George B. Loring delivered a eulogy. 



1880.] Booh Notices, 219 

The elegant volume before us contains Mr. Loring's oration and the other pro- 
ceedings on that occasion. A biographical sketch by Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., for- 
merly a law partner of Mr. Gushing, who is preparing an extended memoir of him, 
is added : also the tributes to the memory of the deceased statesman by the Massa- 
chusetts General Court, the Massachusetts Historical Society, the Supreme Court of 
the United States, the Massachusetts Association at Washington, the Massachu- 
setts Supreme Court, and the United States Circuit Court. A life-like carbon- 
photograph of Mr. Gashing when he was about seventy-five years old embellishes 
the volume. 

Circulars of Information of the Bureau of Education. Washington : Government 

Printing"Office. 1879. [No. 1, 1879, pp. 21. No. 2, 1879, pp. 192. No. 3, 1879, 

pp.37. No. 4, 1879, pp.49. No. 5, pp. 37.] 

It was a happy thought that induced Gen. Eaton, the commissioner of our Bu- 
reau of Education, to recommend to the Secretary of the Interior the propriety of 
publishing from time to time such information as is specially desired by those who 
administer the affairs of our school system. This Bureau has existed solely for col- 
lecting and disseminating educational information ; it has sought continually all pos- 
sible aid from the voluntary as well as official opinions expressed by those most 
skilled in matters of education. Well has it done its work. Circular number one 
contains the address of Gen. Eaton on " training schools for nurses," which he last 
year delivered before the school for the training of nurses in the city of Washing- 
ton. The experience of nurses in our late war has extended the interest in this 
subject in our country. Training schools for nurses have already been established 
in several of our cities, and have vindicated the wisdom of their founders. They 
have already disseminated much useful information in regard to the care of the sick, 
and have helped to shorten the period of suffering, thereby saving many lives. 
This address should be read by every mother and nurse in the land. Circular num- 
ber two contains much interesting information on the following topics : " Educa- 
tion in Switzerland," k ' Education at the Paris Exhibition," " Industrial Educa- 
tion," the " Needs of Education in the South," &c. Circular number three con- 
tains Dr. Edward Jarvis's essay on the " the value of common school education to 
Common labor," which is illustrated by answers to inquiries addressed to employ- 
ers, workmen and overseers. It would be well if all promoters of strikes in our 
country could read this admirable address, which shows great care and labor on the 
part of its author. Circular number four is given up to the consideration of 
" training schools of cookery." Many persons have become alarmed as they 
have observed more closely the extent and serious character of the evils caused by 
bad cookery ; this feeling has been emphasized by the distress which was caused by 
the late d 'pression in busiue c s, and there have been loud calls for information of 
what has I sen accomplished by instruction in this subject, especially in Europe, to 
meet this want. This valuable information has been collected and sent forth in this 
circular. May it have a wide reading by those who desire to know the " proper 
temperature of food," the ki variety of food necessary to health," the " effects of 
indigestible foods," whether the '* midday dinners are best for health," and many 
other like topics vshieh we are all so much interested in. Circular number five is 
a re'sume of the French Commissioner^ report to the international exhibition of 
1876 on American Education, it seems to be a friendly criticism of some things 
in American education, and a discriminating praise on other points. Many Ameri- 
cans will be interested to know what our French visitors say in regard to our syg- 
tem of popular education, which they will hud in these thirty-seven pages. 

[By Willard S. Allen, A.M., of East Boston.] 

Transactions of the Department of American History of the Minnesota Historical 
Society. [Mottoes.] Minneapolis : Johnson, Smith '& Harrison. 1879. [8vo. 
pp. 148.] 

In the Register for July, 1879 (xxxiii. 370). we noticed the " Department of 
Americau History," formed last spring by the Minnesota Historical Society, and 
the printed report of its "Transactions," at its preliminary and first regular meet- 
ings. The present pamphlet contains the proceedings and papers at all of the 
meetings for the year .1879. It is furnished with a good index. Much historical 
material relative to Minnesota and other western states is here rescued from obli- 
vion. The Ptev. Edward D. Neill, of Minneapolis, is the secretary of the Depart- 
ment, and a contributor of valuable papers to the " Transactions." 
vol. xxxiv. 20* 



220 Booh Notices. [April, 

The Life and Administration of Richard, Earl of Bellomont, Governor of the Pro- 
vinces of New York, Massachusetts and New Hampshire, from 1697 to 1701. An 
Address delivered before the New York Historical Society at the Celebration of its 
Seventy-Fifth Anniversary, Tuesday, Nov. 18, 1879. By Frederick I>e Peyster, 
LL.D., F.R.H.S., President of the Society. New York : Published for the Soci- 
ety. 1S79. [Svo. pp. 60, xvii.] 

Dr. Do Peysfcer, in his introductory, gives a brief account of the Coote family, 
of which Gov. Belloinont was a worthy representative. Following succinctly in the 
chain of history, he notes some of the points of interest in the career of the Eng- 
lish nation and of her American colonies, until the advent of the Earl on these west- 
ern shores. Gov. Bellomont found, on his arrival, that the old cliques and parti- 
sans had been powerfully at work. An illicit trade by land and piracy on the high 
seas had been for a time carried on, with apparent success, through the connivance, 
as it is alleged, of the former administration, or at least of some of its adherents. 
The doings of the notorious Capt. Kidd, unchecked by the due interference or re- 
straining power of the colonial government, had cast a stigma on the times and 
places where such unlawful procedures were allowed. In this lamentable state of 
things, the Earl of Bellomont was selected and commissioned by the king as a fit 
person to combat, and so far as possible put an end to these growing evils. He 
was a man resolute, as the times required, honest, high in rank, and of unques- 
tioned patriotism and fidelity. Like a revolutionary iconoclast he set himself de- 
terminedly at work to overthrow the mischievous plans and purposes of some of his 
predecessors and their allies. Coming in his place, as he does in history, between 
the knavish Fletcher and the tyrannical Cornbury, the noble and successful admin- 
istration of Gov. Belioruonr stands out in bold relief. Justice is ably done, as we 
think, in the pamphlet before us, to the straight- forward career, all too brief, of the 
Governor of the three Provinces, in his relation to New York, which was all that 
the worthy president of the New Y'ork Historical Society attempted in his address 
on this third quarter of a century anniversary of that useful institution. 

The production in style and sentiment is truly commendable. The execution of the 
book as to print, paper and plates, is fine. The heliotype portraits of Bellomont, 
Col. Abraham De Peyser and his lady, with the fac-simile letter of Bellomont to 
the Colonel ; dated Boston, Sept. 9, 1699, give great interest and value to the pro- 
duction, as do also the letters in the appendix, written chiefly from Boston to the 
said Colonel, the originals of which are in possession of the above-named 6ociety. 
[By W. B. Trash, Esq., of Boston.] 

Old Swedes' Church, Philadelphia, Marriage Records, 1750—1863. Carefully Tran- 
scribed from the Original Records. Bv Park M'Farland, Jr., No. 311 Walnut 
Street, Philadelphia, Pa. No. 2. Price 50 cents. [1879. 8vo. pp. 80.] 
Th' first number of this work was noticed in the Register for July, 1879 (xxxiii. 
370). This number contains the marriages recorded between Jan. 7, 1779, and 
Sept. 9, 1781, by the rectors of the church during that period, namely, the Kevs. 
Andrew Goeransson, Mathias Hultgreen and Nicholas Collin, D.D. 

Mr. M'Farlaud has also made a copy of all the inscriptions in the graveyard of 
this church, and has issued a prospectus for printing the same. See the announce- 
ment in the Register, xxxiv. 103. 

History of Grafton, Worcester County, Massachusetts ; from its Early Settlement 
by the Indians in 1647 to the Present Time, 1879. Including the Genealogies of 
Seventy-Nine of the Older Families. By Frederick Clifton Pierce Pub- 
lished by the Author. Worcester: Press of Chas. Hamilton. 1879. [8vo. pp. 
623. With index and illustrations. Price $1.00.] 

Few of the town histories of Massachusetts are presented in such an imposing 
volume as that now before us. The author has evidently laid under contribution his 
best powersof historical research. His materials were unusually ample, and he 
has produced a volume highly creditable to himself and to the town he represents. 
Grafton was originally a part of the Nipmuek country, and the volume opens with 
a brief but satisfactory sketch of the Nipmuck tribe ot Indians which inhabited that 
part of central Massachusetts. Efforts were early made to christianize the natives, 
and t'ne second Indian church in tnis country was established there in 1671. John 
Eliot, the Indian apostle, so indefatigable in his labors among the Indians at Eox- 
bury and Natick, found time to extend his benevolent labors to the Niprauck tribe. 
The Indians had sole possession of that region as late as 1718, but when they began 
to sell their land to the English settlers, they rapidly disappeared. 



1880.] Booh Notices. . 221 • 

When the township came into the hands of the new comers, it was named Graf- 
ton by Gov. Belcher, in honor of the Duke of Grafton, who was a member of the 
English Privy Council, and grandson of Charles II. The author next gives us val- 
uable sketches of the patriotism of the inhabitants during King Philip's war, and 
the French and Indian wars, — of the establishment of the early churches in the 
town. — of the means of education, — of the leading industrial pursuits of the people ; 
and closes with biographical sketches of the more prominent inhabitants, and gene- 
alogies of several families. Mr. Pierce, while laboring after punctilious accuracy, 
is not positively certain of some of his statements, and pleasantly apologizes by say- 
ing, that ' ; if any of his marriages are forced or unnatural, the parties can separate 
without divorce, and if he has prematurely consigned some to the shades, they can 
live on as if nothing had happened." 

[By the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., of Boston.] 

Historical Celebration of the Town of Brimficld, Hampden County, Mass., Wednes- 
day, October 11, 1876. with the Historical Address oj Rev. Charles M. Hyde, 
D.D., and other addresses, letters, documents, etc., relating to the early history 
of the Town. Published by vote of the Town. Springfield, . Mass. : The Clark 
W.3ryaB Company, Printers, 1879. [Svo. pp. vi.-r487. To be obtained of the 
town ; price, including postage, $2.25.] 

It is easy and pleasant to write words of praise of this town history. The volume 
is one of those prepared in compliance with the resolution of Congress of March 13, 
187G, and is an admirable specimen of what was intended. In length especially it 
contrasts most favorably with many similar works of recent date, mostly of towns 
in Maine and New Hampshire. The address is most comprehensive, and 4i was 
not read in full on the day of the celebration. 1 ' Though long as an address, it is good 
as a history, since conciseness was the object aimed at. The record is like that of 
many towns of New England, with little of disturbance or change. A map shows 
the effect of time and growth in the original township, which has been sadly re- 
duced by the formation of Monson and other towns. In 1793 came the inevitable 
contest between town and church in reference to the settlement of Rev. Clark 
Brown. 

The address is followed by a hundred pages of documents relating to the town, 
and another hundred pages of genealogies, which are most justly kept in reasona- 
ble limits. We find biographical mention of three persons of considerable promi- 
nence, viz., Gen. William Eatun, who was almost a national hero after his exploits 
in Tripoli in 1805; and two generals who took an active part in suppressing re- 
bellion 1S6L-5, Erasmus D. Keyes and Fitz Henry Warren, both natives of Brim- •**" 
field. The portraits form one of the attractive features of the volume. Such 
strongly-marked and characteristic faces are of course not fouid in every town, but 
the engravers' work also is exceedingly well done, and one fe< Is sure that the print 
must resemble the original. 

We are informed that the Rev. Dr. Hyde, the editor of this volume, has been 
assisted by the Hon. Henry F. Brown, and S. W. Brown, Esq. 
[By William S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston.] 

Lancashire and Cheshire Church Surveys, 1649—1655. In Two Parts. Part 1. 
Parochial Surveys of Lancashire. Part 11. Surveys of the Lands. drc,, of the 
Bishop and Dean and Chapter of Chester and of the Warden and Fellows of the 
Cut lajiaie Church of Manchester. Now first printed from the Original MSS. in 
the Record Office and in the Lambrth Palace Library. By Lieut. -Colonel Henry 
\ Fishwick, F.S.A., Author of " The History of the Parochial Chapelry of Goos- 
nargh," 4i The History of the Parish of Kirkham," " The Lancashire Library," 
etc. Printed for the Record Society. 1879. [8vo. pp. 282.] 
This is the first publication of the " Record Society,'' formed in 1878, the plan 
of which was printed in the Register for July, 1878 (xxxii. 338). The society pur- 
poses to do for the counties of Chester and Lancaster what the Harleian Society is 
doinir for England. 

The London ki Notes and Queries" (6th S. i. 89), in noticing the volume before 
us, eays : "The Commonwealth Survey of church livings illustrates the ecclesiasti- 
cal history of the time, almost to the same degree as Pope Nicholas IV- 's Taxaiio 
of 1292, and Henry YIII.'s Valor of 1535. Part of its value arises from the fact 
that it fails midway in the period of the great lacuna in the episcopal registers." 

Only the portion of these Surveys relating to Lancashire and Cheshire is here 
printed. _ Colonel Fishwick, the editor, has added explanatory notes and prefixed a 
valuable introduction. Good indices to the volume are aiso given. 



222 Booh Notices, [April, 

The subscription to the Record Society is a guinea a year, -which entitles members 
to all the volumes issued in that year. The honorary secretary, to whom applications 
for membership should be addressed, is J. P. Earwaker, M.A., F.S.A., Withing- 
ton, near Manchester, England, We understand that Mr. Rylands, of Highfields, 
Tfael wall, is engaged in editing a volume of Inquisitiones post Mortem, which is 
nearly through the press; and that James Croston, Esq., of Upton Hall, is at 
•work on a volume of parish registers of Prestbury in Cheshire. 

The American Inter- Oceanic Ship Canal Question. By Rear Admiral Daniel Am- 
mex, U. S. Navy. Philadelphia : L. R. liammersly & Co., 1510 Chestnut Street. 
1880. [8vo. pp. 102. Price $1. Sold by A. Williams & Co., Boston.] 
Rear Adm. Ammen was one of the delegates, on the part of the United States, to 
the Inter-Oceanic Congress, held in Paris, in May, 1879. This book gives his views 
in favor of the Nicaragua route in opposition to the Panama route, which M. de 
Lesseps and his associates propose to undertake. It consists of a letter by him to 
the lion. Charles P. Daly, president of the American Geographical Society, which 
was read at a meeting of that society in New York city, Dec. 9, 1879 ; and the re- 
ports of himself and his associate commissioner to the Congress, Civil Engineer A.G. 
Menocal, U.S.N. , with other documents. The interest in the subject in Europe and 
this country at the present time will insure the work an extensive perusal. 

Report of the Operations of the Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadel- 
phia, for the Years 1S78 and 1879. [Seal.] Philadelphia : Printed for the So- 
ciety. 1880. [8vo, pp. 23.] 

This report, besides the proceedings for the last two years, contains a list of the 
most important papers read before this active society from the organization on New 
Year's Day, 1858. Its twenty-first anniversary was celebrated in January last. 

Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Vol. VI. Fifth Series. [Arms.] 
Boston : Published by the Society. ' 1879. [8 vo. pp. 402.] 

This, the latest issue of the Massachusetts Historical Society, is a continuation ot 
the invaluable Diary of Judge Sewall, from Jan. 14, 1700, to April 14, 1714. Ano- 
ther volume will be necessary to complete it. A reprint of three rare contempo- 
rary tracts relative to matters in which Sewall was interested is prefixed to the 
diary. The work is well annotated aud a full index of surnames is given. 

Ancestral Tablets. A Collection of Diagrams for Pedigrees, so Arranged that Eight 
Generations of any Person may be Recorded in a connected and Simple Form. By 
William II. Whitxdke, A.M., Member of the New England Historic, Genealo- 
gical Society. Fourth Edition. Boston : Win. Parsons Lunt, 42 Congress St. 
1S80. [4to. 16 plates. Price $2.] 

Mr. Whituiore's k ' Ancestral Tablets " were first issued in 1868. The fact that 
three editions have already been sold and there still is a demand for the work, 
shows that it is appreciated by genealogists and the public generally. The fourth 
edition is much improved. The paper is heavier and blank leaves are added for notes 
and records. 

The plan of these "Tablets" is very ingenious, and is superior to any other 
manner of recording one's ancestors with which we are acquainted. By it a per- 
son can record, in a thin volume, less than twelve inches long by ten inches wide, 
in a clear and simple manner, the usual lacts given in tabular pedigrees concern- 
ing all his ancestors to the eighth generation. 

Personal Narrative of Events in the War of the Rebellion, being Papers read before 
the Rhode Island Soldiers' and Sudors' Historical Society. No. 1. Second Series. 
[Flag.] Providence : The N. Bangs Williams Co. 1880. [Fcp. 4to. pp. 59.] 
The present work, which seems to be the first number of second series of " Per- 
sonal Narratives," is entitled, " First Cruise of the Montauk." It is by Paymas- 
ter Samuel T. Brown, [J.S.N. , and was first read as a paper before Rodman Post, 
No. 12, Department of Rhode Island, Q. A. R., February, 1870. and subsequently, 
Dec. 86, 1877, before the Soldiers' and Sailors' Historical Society. Works like this, 
preserving as they do the personal recollections of those who took part ia the late 
civil war, are of great service to American history. The author informs us that the 
preparation was suggested to him by Gen. James Shaw, Jr., " whose efforts, made 
in Rhode Island, to obtain and preserve records of personal experience during the 



1880.] Booh Notices. 223 

* war of the rebellion, resulted, at his suggestion, in the issuing of a general order by 
the commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic of the United States, 
requesting the officers of every Post in the states to secure from the members the 
writing and reading, and then to preserve, the records of personal experience dur- 
ing the war; the chief result of which custom would be to obtain a large and val- 
uable amount of historical data which must otherwise have remained unwritten." 

The Canadian Antiquarian and Numismatic Journal. Published Quarterly by the 
Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Montreal. [Seal.] Terms, §1.50 per 
annum in advance. Montreal: Henry Rose, "Star" Building, Craig Street. 
[8vo. pp. 48 in each number. Subscriptions may be sent to G. A. Holmes, Trea- 
surer, P. 0. Box 1310, Montreal, Canada.] 

The periodical was commenced in July, 1872, and the seventh volume was com- 
pleted in April last, Two numbers of the eighth volume have since appeared. Nu- 
merous and able papers upon interesting topics read before the Antiquarian and 
Numismatic Society will be found in the thirty quarterly numbers now published, 
besides other articles upon antiquarian and numismatic subjects. The number for 
October, 1879, contains valuable articles on '"Canadian Temperance Medals." by 
R. VV\ MeLuchlan ; " The Swiss Colonists in Manitoba ;" " The Land of the Dako- 
tas;" " Amury Girod," by William McLennan; " Tecumseh's Death;" "The 
Martillo Tuwers at Quebec ;" " Early Records of Nova Scotia ;" and k ' The Brant 
Monument ;" besides shorter articles and notices of new books. 

The Shields of Arms formerly in the Windows of the Parish Church of Lymm, co, 
Chester, as Illustrative of the Origin of Several Local Coats of Arms. A Paper 
read before th n Historic Society oj Lancashire and Cheshire, '20th February, 1879. 
By J. Paul Rylands, F.S.A. (For Private Circulation.) Liverpool : T. Brakell, 
Printer, 5S Dale Street. 1879. [l2mo. pp. 14.] 

" In most of the Cheshire and in many of the Lancashire churches, before the 
great rebellion, when the windows were broken and the monuments defaced," says 
Mr. Rylands, '* there existed many very beautiful windows of painted glass con- 
taining the figures of the local gentry and their wives, with their shields of arms 

and monumental inscriptions The effect of this great quantity of stained glass 

must have been very striking; and whilst serving the purpose of decoration, these 
armorial windows also recordtd facts which, thanks to the persons who copied the 
arms and inscriptions before they were destroyed, have been, and will be, of great 
eervice to modern genealogists and local historians." 

The parish church of Lymm is one of the churches whose windows with their 
armorial shields were broken ; but fortunately in the sixteenth century descriptions 
and rude drawings of them were taken, which are now preserved among the Ilarle- 
ian MSS. in the British Museum. These memoranda, wit i descriptions of the 
drawings, are printed in the pamphlet before us by Mr. Kylauds, with annota- 
tions showing great familiarity with the genealogy of that county. 

Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. [Mottoes.] London : Golding & Lawrence, 
55 Great Russell St., Blooiosbury, VV. C. ; Stroud : John Clark, 21 King Street. 
[8vo. Published in quarterly parts, pp. 32 each. Price Is. (by post, Is. Id.) 
a part.] 
Local Gleanings : an Archaeological and Historical Magazine, chiefly relating to 
Lancashire and Cheshire. Edited by J. P. Earwaker, M.A., F.S.A. [Contents.] 
Manchester : J. E. Cornish, 33 Piccadilly ; Thos. J. Day, 53 Market Street. 
Warrington : P. Pearce, Sunkey Street. Chester : Minshull & Hughes, East- 
gate Row. And all lucal Booksellers. [8vo. Published in monthly parts, pp. 
40 each. Price Is. 6d. apart.] 

The Gloucestershire Notes and Queries is under the editorship of the Rev. Bea- 
ver H. Blacker, M.A., Nithsdale House, Stroud, Gloucestershire, the editor of some 
important lueal works, who has here collected from documents, monuments, &c, 
much curiuus and valuable information illustrating the manners and customs of 
former days, and the family history of the county. These articles were commenced 
in the Stroud Journal, and met with such favor in the columns of that newspaper 
that the editor was induced to collect them and have them reprinted in the.present 
form. The first part was issued in April, is79. Four parta were printed in that 
year, and one for the present year has reached us. 
Local Gleanings is a continuation of a work which has several times been 



224 Booh Notices. [April, 

noticed in the Register (xxxi. 241, 352 ; xxxiii. 121). The Gleanings were com- 
menced in the columns of the 'Manchester Courier in April, 1875, and continued four 
years till April, 1879, being also reprinted in parts. It becoming obvious that the 
constantly increasing demands upon the space of a daily newspaper would prevent 
their appearing with the regularity essential to their successful continuance, their 
publication in the Courier was discontinued ; and, in July last, an independent 
magazine with the same title, under the editorship of Mr. Earwaker, who had had 
charge of the work from the beginning, was commenced. The numbers for July, 
August, September, October and December, 1879, and January, 1880, are before us. 
We commend these periodicals to the attention of our readers : and we hope that 
they will have many subscribers in this country and Canada. They preserve much 
local history, biography and genealogy concerning the English counties to which 
•they relate. Those who have queries upon these subjects in those countie:-* have 
now a means of bringing them to the attention of local antiquaries who are most 
likely to answer them. 

History of Arlington* Massachusetts, formerly the Second Precinct in Cambridge or 

District of Mcnoiomy, afterwards the Toivn of West Cambridge. 1635--1879. 

With a Genealogical Register of the Inhabitants of the Precinct. By Benjamin and 

William R. Cutter. Boston : David Clapp & Son, 564 Washington Street. 1880. 

[8vo. pp. 368. Price $3.] 

The most sanguinary part of the engagement of the 19th April, 1775, which from 
the town in which it beiran has received the name of the Battle of Lexington, was 
fought in what is now Arlington. It was then a precinct in the tewn of Cambridge, 
aud remained so till 1307. For nearly a century from its settlement in 1H35, it was 
a part of the parish as well as of the town of Cambridge ; and then for three quar- 
ters of a century from 1732, it was a separate parish still retaining its connec- 
tion with the mother town. February 20, 1807, it was incorporated as the town 
of West Cambridge, and after it had received accessions to and lost portions of its 
territory, its name was legally changed to Arlington, April 30, 1867. 

The labor of writing the history of the place from its first settlement has been 
greatly increased by this state of affairs. Had it been a town by itself for all this 
time, the task would have been far easier. The authors, however, have succeeded 
in accomplishing it in a very satisfactory manner. AVe have here a trustworthy 
record of the events which happened and the people who lived there. The late Ben- 
jamin Cutter, M.D., the senior author, a native of the precinct and a graduate of 
Harvard College, commenced collecting materials for the history of the place when 
a young man. He died sixteen years ago, and left the completion of his Cutter 
genealogy and the present work to his son William R. Cutter, Esq. lake his 
lather he is a painstaking antiquary and genealogist, ; nd spares no amount of labor 
to make his work accurate and reliable. 

The work has three principal divisions. In the first, a history of the territory, 
precinct and town is given ; in the second we have a genealogical register ; and the 
third is devoted to the soldiers and sailors of the war of 1861-05. The prepara- 
tion of the last, we are told in the preface, has cost more labor to make it full and 
accurate than was anticipated. The genealogical portion is very thorough and fills 
over 150 pages, considerably more than a third of the work. The historical portion 
is carefully compiled, and contains much interesting information concerning the 
past in this place. Extracts from original documents are freely used, and authori- 
ties for new statements are scrupulously given. There is a good index. 

The book is handsomely printed aud contains an outline map of the town, portraits 
and other illustrations. 

A Manual of the Antiquity of Man. By J. P. Maclean. [Motto.] Eighth Edi- 
tion. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co. 1879. [12mo. pp. 159. Price $1. Sold 
by A. Williams & Co., Boston.] 
Mastodon, Mammoth and Man. By J. P. Maclean, Author of " A Manual of the 
Antiquity of Man.'' With Illustrations. Second Edition. Cincinnati • Robert 
Clarke & Co. 1830. [12mo. pp. 84. Price $1.] 

These two works by the author of " The Mound Builders, 1 ' noticed in our last, 
will be found useful treatises. Those who have not the time or opportunity to con- 
sult the elaborate works- of the scientists of the present day will find here, in com- 
pact forta, their latest conclusions on the interesting subjects to which these vol- 
umes relate, as well as the results of the thought and study of the author himself. 
The former work was published in 1875, and the latter in 1878. The fact that 



1880.] Booh Notices. • 225 

"The Antiquity of Man " has reached the eighth edition id five years, and 
"Mastadon, Mammoth and Man " a second edition in two years, shows that the 
works meet a public want. The former has an excellent index. 

B.-F. de Costa. Le Globe Lenox de 1511. Traduit de l'anglais par Gabriel 
Gr;.vviEK, President de la Societe novmande de Geographic [Wood cut.] -Rouen : 
Imprimerie E. Cagniard, rue Jeanne-Dare, 83. 1880. [Broad 8vo. pp. 26.] 
This is a translation of the able article on the Lenox Globe, which the Rev. Mr. 

De Costa contributed to the Magazine of American History for November, 1879. 

M. Gravier, tiie translator, has added a few illustrative notes. This is a worthy 

tribute to the merit of the Rev. Mr. De Costa as an historical writer. 

Paul Revere 1 s Signal; The True Story of the Signal Lanterns in Christ Church, 
Boston. By the Rev. John Lee Watson, D.D. With Remarks on. Laying Dr. 

If Watson's Communication before the Massachusetts Historical Society, Nov, 9, 1876. 
I By Charles Deane. New York : Trow's Printing and Bookbinding Company.. 
1880. [Svo. pp. 3-2.] 
The first edition of this pamphlet was published in 1877, and was noticed in the 
Register for July of that year (xxxi. 355). To the present edition is added a letter 
to the editor of the Boston Doily Advertiser, published last year in that newspaper, 
in which additional evidence is advanced to show that the lanterns were hung from 
the steeple of Christ Church by Capt. John Pulling, a warden of the church. 

Our Indian Wards. By George W. Manypenny, Commissioner of Indian Affairs 
from March, 1853. until March, 1857, and chairman of the Sioux Commission ot 
1876. [Motto.] Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 1880. [Svo. pp. 300. Sold 
in Boston by A. Williams & Co.] 

" In the preparation of this work.' 1 says Mr. Manypenny, " there has been no 
attempt to present a continuous history of the Indian race, or the conflicts with it, 
from the time of the discovery of America. In the most condensed form such a nar- 
native would fill volumes, and would, in some sense, be a mere repetition, since the 
story of one Indian war is the story of all. In what is narrated in the several chap- 
ters, it has been the object of the author to adhere to facts, and to give a faithful 
relation of the various forms in which complications with the Indians arise, and 
the manner in which the civil as well as the military authorities deal with the wards 
of the government." 

Mr. Manypenny reviews the treatment of the North American Indians from the 
first European explorers, shows the causes of the Indian troubles past and present, 
and suggests changes in our mode of dealing with the wards of the nation. He sees 
the good as well as the bad qualities of the Indians, and asks for fair and honorable 
treatment of them by our government and people. 

The American Antiquarian. A Quarterly Journal devoted to Early American His- 
tory, Ethnology and Archaiohgy. Edited by Rev. Stephen D. Peet, Clinton. 
Wisconsin. Published by Jameson & Morse. Chicago, Illinois. No. 2. Oct. 
Nov. Dec. 1879. [Svo. pp. 96. Price s3 a year.] 

The American Antiquarian, which we noticed in our last, continues to furnish 
able articles on the subjects to which it is devoted. The second number of the sec- 
ond volume is now before us. The same publishers announce a Journal oj' Oriental 
and Biblical Archaeology, under the editorship of the Rev. Mr. Peet. The price of 
the new periodical is $2 a year. 

Publications oj the Buffalo Historical Society. Vol. I. Buffalo : Published by Bige- 

low Brothers. 1879. [Svo. pp. 435.] 

The Buffalo Historical Society was organized in 18G2, and the first president wa3 
the Hon. Millard Fillmore, ex-president of the United States. See his memoir in 
Register, xxxi. 9. The present volume, which is the first of the publications of 
that society, is issued in a beautiful style and is illustrated with portraits, maps 
and other engravings. The inaugural address of president Fillmore, delivered be- 
fore the society July 1, lSb'2, is the leading article, and his portrait tonus the fron- 
tispiece of the book. The volume also contains valuable papers read at different 
dates before the society, and other articles illustrating the history and biography of 
Buffs do and its vicinity. It has a table of contents and an index." The society is in 
a flourishing condition. Elias S. Hawley is the present president. 



i 

i 

! 

226 Book Notices. [April, 

Memoir of Henry Ar mitt Brown, together with four Historical Orations. Edited by 

J. M. Hoppin, Professor in Yale College. Philadelphia : J. B. Lippiucott &, Co. 

18S0. [8vo. pp. 305. Price $2.50.] 

The record of this man's life is such as this age has never known. Among the 
great men of our day he holds a prominent place. At an age when most men have 
scarcely begun the work of life, his was done. Thirty-three years only elapsed be- 
tween the cradle and the grave, and in this short time he had won the name of a 
consummate orator, an accurate and finished historian. 

We have before us in this handsome and clearly printed volume, a memoir care- 
fully compiled by Prof. J. M. Hoppin of Yale College. Passing over the narrative 
of .Mr. Brown's early life, which contains nothing which inight not be applicable to 
any young gentleman of education and culture, we approach that period of his life 
which was the fullest, and which bears the greatest interest to those engaged in 
historical pursuits. The Centennial period, which to all of us was a time of inter- 
est, brought to Henry Armitt Brown a rare opportunity. The occasion needed the 
man, and in the city of Philadelphia the man was found. Born of a historic family, 
his ancestors were of that little band who in the good ship " Kent " sailed from the 
port of London. Lie thus describes their departure: "And now the wind is fair 
and the tide is full, and the steeples of London are sinking in the west. Farewell, 
broad fluids of Norfolk and pleasant Kentish woods ! • Farewell, ye Yorkshire moors 
and sloping Sussex downs ! Farewell, old mother England. Our feet shall never 
tread upon your shores again ! Our ejes shall never more behold your face ; but 
from our loina a greater Britain shall arise to bless a continent with English law and 
English liberty and English speech." With a veneration for the past such as these 
lines indie.. te, with a mind whose bent from early years had been toward history, 
with the acumen to see, the perseverance to obtain, the love of country to inspire, 
and the classical training to give the richest imagery to the scenes he desired to 
portray, can we wonder that the centennial opened to this young man a rich 
gleaning field for his varied accomplishments? The people of Philadelphia recog- 
nized in him not only one who had the gift of public speech, but that magnetism 
of manner, that charming delivery, which has the power to arouse even the most 
lukewarm. Nor were they mistaken ; for at the oration at Carpenters Hall, which 
was publi<hed • in the Centennial number of the Register, we are told so vivid 
were his descriptions of the men who composed the Continental Congress, that whole 
ranks of persons in the audience rose and turned round to look in the direction 
where he pointed ; and when he had finished, "the audience unconsciously arose 
the better to express their admiration of and gratitude to the orator for once more 
rekindling the fires of early patriotism." It was not for us to know the spell by 
which he held his audience, the wonderful music of his voice, the deep and melo- 
dious cadence with which he carried his hearers away, the grace of his gestures, the 
play of his features, it was not given us to behold; but we can read his written 
words, and be proud that in our day a young man has produced four historical ora- 
tions which will rank with any of the centennial period, are surpassed by none. Iz 
seems strong language indeed ; but let one read them ere they deem this criticism 
overdrawn. 

Mr. Brown appeared in Boston at the Tea Party Celebration, December 16, 1S73, 
as the representative from his native city. In opening his address he said : " I stand 
for the first time in Fancuil Hall. I see about me no familiar countenance. I am 
in an unaccustomed place. I have journeyed far from home ; and yet this is Boston, 
and this is Faneuil Hall. Here hang the likenesses of men whose portraits since 
my childhood I have seen in Independence Hall, John Hancock and John Adams, 
Samuel Adams and Elbridge Gerry, and I feel that here at least 1 am no stranger. 
I rise in this place and in this presence to speak to you the words of Philadelphia, 
the fraternal greetings of your brethren assembled there. Would that the messen- 
ger were more worthy, would that there might come to me to-night a voice of fire — 
an inspiration born of the memories of this place, that I might drink in the spirit of 
this anniversary, and tell in fitting words the message which I bring." 

Speaking of Philadelphia, he gives this picture : "Still on her busiest street 
stands the old State House — preserved with pious care — holding up, as this thrice 
6acred building does, the old time and the new time, face to face, and from its walls 
your great men as well as hers, look down upon another spot made holy by their 
patriotism and virtue. There in the centre of her busy life lies Independence Square, 
its corners resting on her crowded highways, 'a sacred island in a tumultuous 
main ; ' close by she guards the relics of the dead— your own as well as hers — 



1880.] 



Booh Notices. 227 



whom fate confided to the keeping of the land for which they died ; and in her bosom 
there, to-day, she bears the dust of Franklin. All around her are reminders of the 
time when Philadelphia and Boston stood in the very front, when Pennsylvania and 
Massachusetts held up the hands of Washington. Before her roll the water? that 
wash the feet of Trenton and Red Bank, beside her lies the smiling valley of White- 
marsh, still, in her suburbs, stands the old stone house round which the battle raged 
at German town. She sees the sun set behind those peaceful hills — unconscious of 
their fame — between which slumbers Valley Forge, and by her southern borders 
flows a placid stream that bears the immortal name of Brandy wine." 

This is a paragraph from the Carpenters Hall oration : 

" Sunday comes — the last Sabbath of the old provincial days. The bells of Christ 
Church chime sweetly in the morning air, and her aisles are crowded beyond their 
wont ; but the solemn service glides along, as in other days, with its prayer fur 
king and queen so soon to be read for the last time within those walls ; and the 
thought perhaps never breaks the stillness of the Quakers' Mcctiug-house that a 
thing has come to pass, that will make their quiet town immortal. Then the long 
afternoon fades away, and the sun sinks down yonder over Valley Forge." 

Our space does not permit us to quote more from the«e orations. 4t The settle- 
ment of Burlington " describes the quiet and peaceful life of early days. The Val- 
ley Forge address pictures the hardships of that never to be forgotten winter, and the 
oration on the one hundredth anniversary of the Battle of Monmouth is a spirited 
and accurate account of one of the most important battles of the revolution. 

Alas, that we have no more of his marvellous delineations! the better seems al- 
ways to be taken, the worse left. The history of this young man, cut off in the very 
flower and promise of his age, with ardent hopes and' highest views, can but make 
us blush to think of the chances we have wasted, and the shameful indolence thac 
has ofttimes prevented us from improving the opportunities we possess. 

[By D. T. V. Huntoon,Esq., of Canton, Mass.] 

The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. Vol. III. Philadelphia: 
Publication Fund of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 1879, [8vo. pp. 
509.] 

The stout octavo formed by the yearly numbers of this valuable quarterly well 
Illustrates the character and promise of its title — all its articles being devoted to 
subjects bearing upun the local history of Pennsylvania, or to recording the deeds 
and lives of its deceased worthies. Leading articles are on the Founding of New 
Sweden, Philadelphia, One Hundred Years^Ago, Records of Christ Church, Phila- 
delphia, Constitutional Convention of 177G, History of Darby ; while a large uum- 
ber of biographical notices and short articles make up a choice and valuable histo- 
rical and biographical miscellany. The magazine is issued as a Publication Fund 
volume, the annual subscription to those not members of the Fund Association 
I being ."<3. 00. Payments may be made to Townsend Ward, 620 Spruce St., Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

[By Samuel L. Boardman, Esq., of Augusta, Me.] 

List of Books received by the American Antiquarian Society from the sale of the First 
Part of the Brinley Library ; to which is added a Catalogue of the Mather Publi- 
cations previously in the Society's Library. Arranged and collated with notes, 
by Nathaniel Paine. Worcester : Press of Charles Hamilton. 1879. f8vo. 
pp. 54.] 

The history of the sale of the notable library of the late George Brinley, of Hart- 
: ford, Conn., and of his liberal gifts from it to libraries and learned societies in our 
country, is well known to the readers of the Register. The American Antiquari- 
an Society was among the institutions designated by Mr. Brinley to receive his ben- 
efactions, having a credit of five thousand dollars, one half of which was assigned 
•from the sale of the first portion of the library, which occurred in March, 1879. 
From this sale the society obtained two hundred and twenty-seven books, and four 
hundred and fifty-nine pamphlets ; consisting of Mather publications and early ser- 
mons and tracts relating to New England history, many of which are of extreme 
rarity. Sixty-one are publicati >ns of Increase, Cotton and Samuel Mather, nearly 
all of which are bound by Bedford, Pratt and other celebrated binders. In print- 
ing this list it was thought desirable to include a bibliography of the Mather publi- 
cations contained in the library previous to the Brinley additions. This list is 
given in chronological order, beginning with the works of Richard Mather, of Dor- 
VOL. XXXIV. 21 



>L 



28 



Booh Notices. 



[April, 






Chester, who was born in England in 1596, and continues down through the noted 
line to Moses of Darien, Conn., who graduated from Yale College in 1739. It com- 
prises two hundred and forty-five titles. In addition to the above, these pages are 
taken up with an account of the Mather Manuscripts in the library of the society, 
of which it possesses a large and valuable collection, consisting of treatises, ser- 
mons, diaries, interleaved almanacs, letters and memoranda. Altogether the Ma- 
ther collections possessed by the society are extensive and notable, and Mr. Paine 
has done good service to bibliographers and students by indicating their extent 
and value in this manner. The pamphlet is a fit companion to the same author's 
account of the library of the society, published in 1873 ; and both are very servicea- 
ble to the bibliographer and antiquary. 
[By Samuel L. Boardman, Esq.] 

Proceedings of the Rhode Island Historical Society. . 1878-79. Providence : Print- 
ed for the Society. [Svo. pp. 107.] 

This volume is largely taken up with the minutes of the regular and special meet- 
ings of the society during 1578-79, with brief abstracts of the several papers pre- 
sented, and other matters pertaining to the work and business of the society. In 
addition fourteen pages are given to the " Orders of the Council of War" passed 
between Nov. 11 and Dec. 22, 1778, which comprises much new and interesting 
matter, and gives some facts of genealogical history not found elsewhere. The 
necrology embraces notices of Peleg W". Gardiner, John Wingate Thornton, Wil- 
liam Culleu Bryant, Col. George Baker, Evert Augustus Duyckinek, Seth Padel- 
ford, Col. Almon D. Hodges and Col. Brantz Mayer. The Committee of Publica- 
tion consists of John Russell Bartlett, J. Lewis Diman and Edwin Martin Stone. 
[By Sariwel L. Board-man, Esq.] 

Bedford Sesgui- Centennial Celebration, August 27, 1879. Historical Discourse by 
Jonathan F. Steakns, D.D. Also a Sketch of the Celebration. Boston : Alfred 
Madge & Son, Printers. [Svo. pp. 85. For sale by Estes & Lauriat, 301 Wash- 
ington Street, Boston. Price 35c. ; by mail, 38c ] 

An account of the celebration of the one hundred and fiftieth year of the incor- 
poration of the town of Bedford, formed of portions of the territory of Concord, 
Billerica and Lexington, and incorporated Sept. 23, 1729. At the dinner, speeches 
were made by Governor Talbot, Ex-Governor Rice, Hon. William A. Russell, tlon. 
E. Rockwood Hoar, and other gentlemen. The Historical Discourse, which occu- 

Sies over fifty pages of the pamphlet, was by Rev. Jonathan F. Stearns, D.D., of 
"ewark, N. J., and gives a satisfactory and well-written resume of the leading 
events in the history of the town. The pamphlet should not be overlooked by any- 
one f rming a collection of local histories. 
[B , Samuel L. Board/nan, Esq.] 

The Antiquary. A Magazine devoted to the Study of the Past. Edited by Edward 
Waleord, M.A. London : Elliot Stock ; New York : J. W. Bouton, 700 Broad- 
way. [4to. Published monthly. Pp. 48, each number. Terms, $4.10 per an- 
num to American subscribers, postage paid.] 

The initial number of this new English antiquarian and historical journal has a 
most attractive typographical appearance, and is so well balanced and readable in 
all its departments as to be thoroughly enjoyed by all English readers of historical 
and antiquarian tastes. If we may judge of coming numbers by the promise of 
this opening issue, it must find a considerable circle of readers on this side of the 
water ; for while some of its articles have only a local interest, others are of com- 
moninterest and value, and from their bearing upon English history and biogra- 
phy in general will be of service to all intelligent readers. The contents of the pre- 
sentnumber embrace fourteen articles, on antiquarian, historical, folk-lore, numis- 
matic, typographical and kindred subjects, together with an entertaining miscel- 
lany of reviews, notices of meetings, of societies, notes, queries, autiquarian news, 
correspondence, etc. The matter is in double column pages, the type new and 
clean cut, and the paper heavy and handsome. The number has eight illustrations. 
Mr. Walford, the editor, has New England blood in his veins, being a descendant 
of Sir William Pepperrell, Bart., Register, xx. 5. He was formerly editor of the 
Gentleman's Magazine, and we welcome his new magazine as a most useful co- 
worker, with others in this country and abroad, who are " Gleaners after Time."' 
[By Samuel L. Boardman, Esq.] 



1880.] Booh JSTotices. 229 

he Canada et les Basques. Trois Ecrils de M. F^ucher de Saint Maurice, M. Mar- 

mette et M. Le Vasseur. Avant-Propus da Comte de Premio-Real. Quebec. 

1879. [4to. pp. 29. No. 28 of an edition of 50 copies.] 
Commerce E.itre L'Espayne et ses Provinces D" Outre mer et Les Provinces Confed- 

ere.es du Canada. Notes du Comte de Premio-Beal. Quebec, 1879. [12mo. pp. 

88.] 

The first of these tracts consists of three brief essays, whose object is to prove that 
these Basques were the first Europeans to discover Canada and Newfoundland. The 
essays are entitled respectively, " Who Discovered Newfoundland and Labrador?" 
" The Basques the Discoverers of Canada," and " Yes, certainly the Basques " — 
their authors being Canadian writers of high reputation as local historians ; the 
preface being from the pen of Count Premio-Real. The Basque Provinces are situ- 
ated on both slopes of the Pyrenees, in the south of France and north of Spain, the 
people of which have from the earliest times been known as hardy and adventurous 
fishermen. The authors of the essays attempt to prove, from authentic accounts 
and from the similarity of local names, in both countries, that the Basques, attract- 
ed to the fishing banks of Labrador and Newfoundland in pursuit of whale and cod, 
were the first to discover not only Labrador and Newfoundland, but Canada, at 
least " a good century before the coming of Cabut and Jaques Cartier." M. Fau- 
cher, quoting an early Flemish navigator, says it was a Basque fisherman who first 
gave to Columbus the idea of a new world. 

The second tract is the fifth of a series by Count Premio-Real on the commerce 
between Spain and its provinces and Canada ; and comprises the maritime laws of 
Canada, and the author's observations on the commercial relations between the two 
countries. It possesses some interest to the local historian from containing a chap- 
ter on the " Antiquity of the Fisheries of Canada," in which are curious particu- 
lars concerning the discoveries of the Basques in Canada, and the origin of many of 
the local names in Labrador, Newfoundland and Cape Breton. The author is Con- 
sul-General for Spain to British North America, and it is commendable to his lite- 
rary and scholarly tastes that much of his time is spent in historic and antiquarian 
researches relating to the country in which his official duties call him to reside. 
Both tracts are very neatly printed and bound. 

[By Samuel L. Board/nan, Esy.] 

A History of Bristol Parish, Va.,uifh Genealoyies of Families connected therewith, 
and Historical Illustrations. By Rev. Philip Slaughter, D.D., Author of His- 
tories of St. George's and St. Mark's Parishes Second Edition. J. W. Ran- 
dolph & English, Richmond, Va. 1879. [ 12mo. pp. 237. Price $1.50.] 
The first edition of this excellent parish history was published in 1846, while the 
author was rector of the parish. The Rev Dr. Slaughter had a fine field for histori- 
cal research, embracing the earliest records and the first families, and thence on- 
ward, through a worthy history of two and a half centuries, and dealing with many 
families whose influence has not been confined to Virginia alone, but the nation as 
well. The work of more than thirty years ago is now revised by Dr. Slaughter, 
who calls to his aid the accomplished genealogist and historian of Virginia, Robert 
A. Brock, Esq., corresponding secretary of the Virginia Historical Society, who con- 
tributes genealogies of some Of the early families. The following are the names treat- 
ed, though there are many mentioned incidentally : — Atkinson, Boiling, Bland, Clai- 
borne, Eppes, Feild, Gilliam, Grammer, llaxall, Kennon, May, Munford, Murray, 
Peterson, Pegram, Poythress, Rarasay, Randolph, Robertson, Skipwith, Walker, 
Withers, Worsham. This parish history will prove of considerable aid to the stu- 
dent of Virginia history. Bristol Parich is the present city of Petersburg and the 
adjoining town of Biandford, besides the usual wide spread territory which char- 
acterized the early Virginia parishes. During the late civil war the parish was 
a camping ground and battlefield. The book is of large worth to those whose mem- 
ories cluster about the church where their hearts have learned of holy things, and 
the church-yard where lie the remains of their ancestry. 
[By the Kev. Anson Titus, Jr., of Weymouth.] 

The Second Lambeth Conference. A Personal Narrative: By The Bishop of Iowa. 

Davenport, Iowa. 1879. [8vo. pp. 56.1 

The narrative of what Bishop Perry saw and heard in England, while visiting that 
country to attend the second Lambeth Conference, held in the summer of 1878, con- 
tains much interesting matter concerning the historic places and the clergy and 
church dignitaries of Great Britain. 



230 Book Notices. [April, 

Additional Notes upon the Collection of Coins and Medals now upon Exhibition at the 
Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art, Memorial Hall. Fairmount 
Park, Philadelphia. By Henry Philllps, Jr., A.M. [Philadelphia: 1879. 8vo. 
pp. 19.] 

The work to which this is a supplement was noticed in the Register for July, 
1879 (xxxiii. 370). The paper now printed was read before the American Philoso- 
phical Society, Oct. 3, 1879, and contains descriptions of important coins and med- 
als added to the collection since the farmer paper was prepared. 

A Chapter of American Church History. By Edward D. Neili., Maealester Col- 
lege, .Minneapolis, Minnesota. [1879. Reprinted " from the New Englander for 
July, 1879." Octavo, pp. 16.] 

The Rev. Mr. Neill, of Minneapolis, whose researches have thrown much light 
on early American history, has, in this pamphlet, given an interesting history of 
the Independent Church of the Somcrs Islands or Bermudas', founded in the seven- 
teenth century, and of the troubles it met with. • He has revived much forgotten 
history by his industrious research. 

The Harvard Roister Cambridge. 1830. [Published monthly. Royal 4to. 

pp. 16-t-iv. each number. Moses King, Editor and Publisher, Cambridge, Mass. 

Price $2 a year. Single numbers 25 as.] 

The new periodical with this title, devoted to the interests and history of Harvard 
University and its graduates, was commenced in January last by Mr. King, whose 
volumes oh that university, Bjstou and Cincinnati, show his fitness for such an 
enterprise. He has the assistance and patronage of the faculty of the university and 
some of the most eminent of its graduates. The contencs of the lour numbers 
already published show how much matter, interesting to students and graduates of 
Harvard, can be brought together. It is handsomely printed and illustrated, 

Antiquarian Papers. Ipswich, Mass. [Sm. 4to. No. III. December, 1879 ; No. 
IV. January ; No. V. February, 1880 ; each pp. 4. Published monthly, the 
Rev. Augustine Caldwell, editor. Price 25 cents a year.] 

This periodical, noticed in our last, continues to give valuable historical matter 
relating to Ipswich. Among the illustrations in the five numbers published, are 
views of Meeting-House Hill, in 1839. and Richard Saltonstalls house, built about 
1635 ; also coats of arms ot Wainwright and Denison from tombstones. The views 
have been printed separately, as has also an article on Wainwright. 

History of the Town of Lancaster, Massachusetts, from the First Settlement to the 
Present Time. 16-13—1879. By Rev. Abuaii P. Marvin, Author of the k> His- 
tory of Winchendon " and the " History of Worcester in the War of the Rebel- 
lion." [Motto.] Lancaster. Published by the Town. 1879. [8vo. pp. 798. 
Price $4.00.] 

The rapidly increasing literature of our local history has a notable contribution 
in this fine volume. The old historic town has been as wise as generous in provid- 
ing for its publication, and the Rev. Mr. Marvin, the author, is not a novice in such 
work. The result is a volume of interest which must have wide and enduring 
value. The maps and illustrations are genuine contributions, and not simply the 
unintelligent groupings of a picture book. 

A significant feature of this work is the extent to which the author has made 
the records of the town its basis. He has followed the thread of its official action 
very closely, and in so doing we think he has set a good example to other writers 
of town histories. It is possible that a just criticism may bear upon this point, and 
that this feature, excellent in itself, has too exclusive prominence. 

The organ of a society which makes genealogy one of its specialties will naturally 
notice with regret the rather conspicuous omission of family history. The demand 
of the public for genealogical details in our local histories is manifest, and we deem 
it proper. And it the materiel which fills these handsome- pa:>;es had been so much 
condensed as to have given two or t.hiee hundred to the details which Lancaster rec- 
ords alone must Contain of family history, births, marriages and deaths, the author 
would have been not less but more faithful to his principle of following the records, 
and would have greatly enhanced the value of the book. If even the index had been 



1380.] Booh Notices. 231 

made more complete, and contained, at least once, all the names occurring in the 
volume, it would have been far more useful in this direction. As it is, Lancaster 
owes the world another volume in which its family histories shall he as faithfully 
presented as its general history is in these pages ; and we hope that the enterprise 
and sagacity, so^manifest heie, will not long aelay a supplementary and genealogi- 
cal volume. 

[By the Rev. Henry A. Hazen, A.M., of Billerica.] 

Vick's Floral Guide. I860. [8vo. pp. 96. Published by James Vick, Rochester, 

N. Y. Sent for a five cent stamp.] 

This beautiful pamphlet has one colored flower-plate and five hundred illustra- 
tions with descriptions of the best flowers and vegetables, with the price of seeds and 
directions how to grow them. The work can be had either in the English or the 
German language. By the same publisher is issued <; Vick's Illustrated Monthly 
Magazine," 32 pages", with a colored plate and other fine engravings in each 
number. Price $1.25 a year. 

An Historical Address, delivered at Grotmi, Massachusetts, February 20, 18S0, try 
Request of the Citizens, at the Dedication of Three Monuments erected by the 
Town. By Samuel Ablott Green, a Native of the Town. Groton : 1880. [Svo. 
pp. 56.] 

The three monuments commemorate the sites of the first meeting-house in Gro- 
ton, built in 1660 and burnt by the Indians in 1676 ; the dwelling of William Long- 
ley, where, in 1604, he and his wife and five children were slain by the Indians, and 
from which threo other children were carried into captivity ; and the house in which 
was born Col. William Prescott, who led the troops who erected the American for- 
tifications at Bunker Ifili in 1775. We believe that Dr. Green was the first to sug- 
gest the erection of these monuments ; and it was fitting that one who has shown 
in many ways his zeal in perpetuating the memory of the men and events of past 
times in his native town, should deliver the address on this occasion. None could 
have done it better. 

We hope that other historic sites in Groton will be commemorated in like man- 
ner, and that other towns will follow the example that this town has set. How few 
of the many sites of this kind in Boston are marked even by a tablet! 

Richmond as a Manufacturing and Trading Centre, including a Historical Sketch 
of the City. By R. A. Brock, Esq., Corresponding Secretary Virginia Histori- 
cal Society. Richmond, Va. : Published by Jones & Cook. 1880. "[Svo. pp. 92. 
Illustrated by a ik Map showing the Transportation Facilities of Richmond." 
Price 50 cts.] 

We have here a very valuable work, which gives not only the natural and ac- 
quired advantage of Richmond as a manufacturing and trading centre, but a sketch 
of the early and later history of the capital of the Old Dominion. It has a com- 
plete list of all wholesale and manufacturing houses, and the transportation facili- 
ties of the citj'. 

History of Worcester County, Massachusetts , embracing a Comprehensive History of 
the County from the first setttement to the present time, with a History and De- 
scription of its Cities and Towns. Illustrated Boston : C. F. Jewett & 

Company. 1879. [2 vols. 4to. pp. 662 and 710. Price $12 for the set.] 
This work, in two large quarto volumes of about 700 pages each, printed on paper 
manufactured in the county, expressly tor the purpose, is attractive in its general 
appearance, although we notice in the last part of volume second many imperfect 
letters which was probably the fault of the electrotyper. The volumes are quite 
fully illustrated by wood cuts of more than ordinary excellence, representing public 
buildings and many views of private residences, factories and shops. Some of the 
illustrations are of historical interest, such as the first court house, built in 1732-3, 
the old South Church at Worcester, the Wait tavern at West Brooktield, the old 
Paine House at Worcester, built just after the revolution, and the old Chandler- 
house, last occupied by the late Judge I M. Barton, of Worcester. 

The introduction of so mauy views of modern private residences may be a matter 

of questionable taste in a historical work, but undoubtedly it will be acceptable to 

the general public. A few good portraits of prominent citizens of the county have 

also been provided by the publishers, and add to the value of the volumes. Among 

VOL. XXXIV. 21* 



232 Booh Notices. [April, 

them is a portrait gi Samuel Slater, of Webster, who has been called the '' Father 
of Cotton Manufactures of the United States." A fine steel-plate portrait of ex- 
Governor Levi Lincoln, representing him as he appeared in his prime, probably 
about the time he occupied the executive chair, is of special interest. 

The plan of the work dues not admit of that exhaustive treatment which would 
be desired by many, but it brings out many facts of historical value and interest, 
and gives a general idea of the present condition of the several towns. 

The first two hundred pages of volume one are devoted to the history of the coun- 
ty as a whole, prepared by Kev. A. P. Marvin, author of " The History of Winchen- 
don." This portion of the work has been very carefully revised by Judge P. Emory 
Aldrich and Samuel F. Haven, LL.D. (the learned librarian of the American Anti- 
quarian Society), which is a guarantee for its general correctness. 

The editor is deserving of special commendation for the judicious manner in 
which he has condensed the large amount of material at his disposal, giving the 
important facts in concise and plain terms. 

The history commences with the topography and geology of the county, in two 
chapters ; then follows an interesting chapter devoted to the Indians and their depre- 
dations c^jou the early settlers. 

The county of Worcester was incorporated in 1731, and the fourth chapter gives 
us the principal facts in regard to its incorporation, followed by a brief account of 
the origin of the several towns. Chapters six and seven recite the history of the 
courts and the administration of justice, with interesting notices of some of the 
remarkable trials that have taken place in the county. One of the most celebrated, 
and which attracted g-:eat attention and was the cause of much discussion at the 
time, is that of Bathsheba Spooner and others iu 1778, for the murder of her hus- 
band. Levi Lincoln, senior (attorney general of the U. S. under Jefferson Conduct- 
ed the case for the defence, Robert Treat P;iine, State's attorney, appearing for the 
prosecution, and the case became a prominent one in the legal history of the 
county. The social position of Mrs. Spooner (she was a daughter of Brigadier 
Buggies) and the peculiar circumstances attending the execution, caused great ex- 
citement, thousands of persons being present. 

The history of the county during the war of the revolution is given in a concise 
and interesting manner : the exciting times of Shays's rebellion are also well set forth, 
in another chapter. The educational interests, including notices of the higher 
schools and academies, are fully treated upon, and the religious history, although 
briefly given, is extended enough to give a general outline of the subject, showing 
the present condition of the different sects, and appears to be free from special de- 
nominational bias. There is also a chapter upon the literary, agricultural and sci- 
entific societies and associations. 

The remaining pages of the county history are devotee to a brief account of the 
press of the county, and a short notice of military afTai.s, closing with a chapter 
on four celebrated inventors — Eli Whitney, inventor of the cotton-gin, Thomas 
Blanchard, who invented machines for turning irregular forms, Erastus B. Bigelow 
and the carpet loom, and Elias Howe, the inventor of the sewing machine. 

Mr. Marvin has also prepared historical notices of twelve of the towns in the 
county, and may be said to have made a success in condensing into a few pages 
matter that might well have been extended four fold ; this is especially noticeable 
in the towns of Brookfield, Lancaster and Sterling. 

Many of the towns receive but the briefest notice, probably for the reason that 
the writers were confined by the publishers to a limited number of pages. This is 
to be regretted, as many interesting facts in the history of these towns are not refer- 
red to. It gives, however, a general view of the history of each town, and imparts- 
much desirable information. 

The history of the town and city of Worcester, which is given in the last one hun- 
dred and twenty pages of the second volume, has been carefully and abiy prepared 
by Mr. Charles A. Chase, of Worcester, under the supervision of Dr. S. F. Haven, 
and of itself would make an interesting volume. 

Mr. Chase, in common with the other writers for these volumes, has had the diffi- 
cult task of bringing the principal facts in the history of the town into a limited 
number of pages, and he has been very successful in this undertaking. He be- 
gins with an account of the first settlement of Quinsigamond, the old Indian 
name of the town, giving some account of the early laud grants, the troubles 
with the Indians, and notices of early settlers. The incorporation of the town in 
1722 is briefly touched upon, with some account of the early public buildings, bury- 
ing grounds, and the topography and geology of the town. Then follows a chapter 



1880.] Booh Notices. 233 

on the early church history, "with a cut of the Old South Church built. in 1763 ; 
also remarks upon the various religious denominations at present represented in the 
city. The chapter devoted to the part taken by the town in the revolution is of spe- 
cial interest, and the more important facts are given in concise and fitting language. 
Educational matters, railroads of the city, and important business enterprises, are 
Bubjects of consideration, and receive such attention as the limits of the work will al- 
low. A chapter is devoted to brief biographical notices of early residents and eminent 
citizens of the town ; among them the Chandlers, Paines and Lincolns ; Isaiah Tho- 
mas, Gov. John Davis, as also of prominent citizens now living. The closing chap- 
ter gives some account of the most important industries of the city, and also a good 
idea of its enterprise and business activity. 

The publishers have aimed to make the work a credit to the county and them- 
selves, and have been successful in their efforts ; it is also a valuable addition to our 
local histories. n. p. 

Private Libraries of Providence, with a Preliminary Essay on the Love of Books. 

By Horatio Rogers. Providence : Sidney S. Rider. 1878. [Square 8vo. pp. iv. 

+ [2] + 255, 111. and pi. Half calf. Price $0.00.] 

Sir Arthur Helps, in his " Spanish Conquest in America," testifies thus con- 
cerning collectors of books on this side of the Atlantic : " They are exceedingly libe- 
ral and courteous in the use of them, and seem really to understand what the object 
should be in forming a great library."* The context shows the immediate occasion 
of this testimony to have been the courtesy of one of the Providence collectors in 
furnishing him with material not accessible in England. That this instauce, more- 
over, is not an isolated one, Mr. Rogers himself gives evidence. [See pp. 09-70. 
101-105.] Eight of the most noteworthy of the Providence collections are here de- 
scribed, and, with nearly all, the owners' book-plate, and a view of the interior, are 
added. Besides the library of the late John Carter Brown (which is, perhaps, the 
best known of these private libraries), Mr. Rogers includes that of Mr. Caleb Fiske 
Harris, whose collection of American poetry was of such invaluable service to Pro- 
fessor M. C. Tyler in the preparation of his kl History of American Literature," and 
which is pronounced by him " the most extensive in the world ; "f that of Mr. John 
Russell Bartlett, which is essentially a working library, in the departments of ge- 
ography and archaeology ; and of Mr. Sidneys. Rider, in whose specialty (Rhode 
Island history) his collection is n)t even surpassed by the state government. We 
may add that the entomological library of Professor A. S. Packard, Jr., whose rich- 
ness is particularized b} r Mr. S. H. Seudder, in the 1880 Harvard College Library 
Bulletin [Jan. p. 21], has been transferred to Providence since the date of Mr. 
Rogers's work [1575 J. The other libraries described are noteworthy for careful 
discrimination of editions, ownership of rare copies, and taste in binding. The 
book is an admirable representative of a class of literature which is surprisingly 
small ; and, if executed with equal taste and judgment, it is to be hoped that simi- 
lar works will be undertaken for other cities. 

The aggregate number of volumes in these eight libraries is more than 5 i, 060, 
which, added to the m'ire than 100,000 volumes accessible in the various public and 
eemi-public Libraries of the city, indicates a richness of literary resources. In respect 
of quality, however, which is, in the case of the private libraries, of immeasurably 
greater importance than quantity, doubtless these collections would compare very 
favorably with those of other cities of similar size. Mr. Rogers's work was limited 
to an edition of 250 copies, which is now entirely exhausted. w. e. f. 

A Genealogy of Benjamin Cleveland, a Great- Grandson of Moses Cleveland of Wo- 
burn, Mass., and a Native of Canterbury, Windham County, Conn. With an 
Appendix. Compiled by his Great-Grandson, Horace Gillette Cleveland. 
[Motto.] Chicago : Printed for the Compiler. 1870. [8vo. pp. 200. Price, 
post-paid. Cloth, with portrait and appendix, $5 ; without portrait, $4 ; paper, 
no portrait, £3. Address H. G. Cleveland, 70 Michigan Avenue, Chicago, 111.] 

Memoir of the Gibhs Family of Warwickshire, England, and United States of Amer- 
ica. Philadelphia: Press of Lewis and Greene. 1879. [Royal 8vo. pp. 52.] 

An Inquiry as to the heirs at law of Maria S?<:bbins, who died intestate in New York, 
AprWd. 1»75, leaving no relations n-.arer than Cousins Compiled by A- S. 

* Helps's " Spanish Conquest in America" [English ed.], v. 3, p. 12S. 
f Tyler's " History of American Literature," v. i. p. xu. 



234 Recent Publications. [April, 

Wheeler, Brooklyn, N. Y. E. Eckler, Printer, 35 Fulton Street, N. Y. 1880. 

[8vo. pp. 20.] 
The Bickaells. Inscriptions on Tombstones in Barrington, R. 1. [8vo. pp. 16.] 
Genealogy of the Hill Family from 1G32, Including a Biographical Sketch of Joel 

Barlow. Nor walk : Tne Hour Steam Print. [1880. ISino. pp. 29.] 
The Eddy Family Tree. Compiled by Charles Eddy, M.D Brooklyn, N. Y. 

[1880. Broadside, 16h by 22 inches.] 
The Line of Descent from Hugh Drury of Boston, 1640, to Edwin Drury of Wil- 

mettein 1880. [Broadside, 11 by 17 inches.] 
Dolor Dacis. [1880. Post 4to. pp.2.] 
The Paine Family Records. Edited by II. D. Paine, M.D., 26 West 30th St., New 

York. No. VI. February, 1880. Munsell, Printer, Albanv, N. Y. [8vo. pp. 

24.] 

We continue this quarter our notices of genealogies recently issued. 

The Cleveland genealogy is the complete work, the first portion of which was 
noticed in the Register for July last (xxxiii. 376). The book, we are told in the 
preface, is the result of researches made in leisure hours while engaged in exact- 
ing; business pursuits ; but it appears to be as full and accurate as "books to which 
an undivided attention is given. Those who wish to secure copies should order 
early. It is handsomely printed, with table of contents and index. 

The Gibbs volume, printed for the use of relatives, gives descendants of Robert 
Gibbs, a merchant of Boston in the seventeenth century. It seems to be carefully 
compiled, and much research is bestowed on the English pedigree. The author is 
J. Willard Gibbs, of Philadelphia. The book is based upon " Family Notices,"' a 
pamphlet issued in 1845 by William Gibbs, of Lexington, and the researches of" 
Prof. Josiah Willard Gibbs, of Yale College, both deceased. It is elegantly printed, 
and has a folding tabular pedigree. 

The Stebbins pamphlet is a genealogical table of the descendants of the two 

grandfathers of Maria Stebbins, daughter of Simon and Eunice (YVhitloek) Steb- 
ins, of New York, namely, Theophilua Stebbins and Robert Whitlook, both of 
Ridgefield, Ct. Miss Stebbins left real estate in Brooklyn, N. Y , and this pam- 
phlet is issued for the purpose of perfecting the list of heirs-at-law. 

The Bicknell pamphlet was prepared, we believe, by the Hon. Thomas W. Bickncll, 
of Boston, editor of the New England Journal of Education, who has in preparation 
a full genealogy of this family in America. 

The Hill pamphlet is by the Rev. Moses Hill, of Norwalk, Ct., and gives de- 
scendants of William Hill and John Barlow, early settlers of Fairfield, Ct. It was 
printed r or gratuitous circulation among relatives. 

The I idy Family Tree gives descendants in several lines to the present time. It 
is well executed. 

The broadside of Mr. Drury, of Wilmette, is issued to obtain corrections and 
additions. He is preparing a genealogy of the Drury family, and solicits informa- 
tion from those interested. He will furnish blanks on application. 

The Davis Circular is by the Hon. Horace Davis, M. C. from San Francisco, Cal- 
ifornia. It gives a chronological table of the events in the life of Dolor Davis, who 
came to New England in 1634 (see Register, xxxiv. 98), and a record of his child- 
ren. Mr. Davis intends to prepare a full sketch, and ask3 for any additional facts 
that ma}' be known to his readers. 

The sixth number of the Paine Family Records maintains the interest of the work. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Fresented to the Xew England Historic, Genealogical Society, to March 1, 1830. 

Gleanings from the records of the Boston Marine Society through its first Century, 1742- 
1312. Compiled by Nathaniel Spoeuer. Boston : Published by toe Society, 1379. fSvo. 
pp.101.] 

One hundred and forty-ninth Annual Report of the directors of the Redwood Library 
and Athemeum, Newport, It. I., to the proprietors, submitted Wednesday, September 24th, 
1379. Newport: Printed by Oliver M. Atkinson.' 1379. [&YO.pp. 24.1 



1880.] JReceni Publications, 235 

Journal of Thomas Walentt in 1790, with notes by George Dexter, reprinted from the 
proceedings of the Massachusetts Hisrorieal Society" for October, 1879. Cambridge ; Uni- 
versity Press. John Wilson & Son. 1879. [8vo> pp. 42.] 

Bonaparte's Park, and the Murats bvE. M. Woodward. . . . Trenton, N. J. : Mac- 
Crellish & Quigley, General Book & Job Printers. 1S79. [8vo. pp. 116.] 

Catalogue of the Library of the Union League Club of New York, alphabetically and 
analytically arranged, with an index of authors. Club House, Madison Avenue and 26th 
Street, New York. 1S7S. [Svo. pp. 161.] 

Recollections and Early Days of the Erie Gazette [Chicago], together with a sketch of 
its founder. New Years day. 1SS0. [8vo. pp. 16.] 

A Noble Woman's Life. A memorial sermon to the late Madame Audubon. By Charles 
A. Stoddard, D.D., Pastor of the Washington Heights Presbyterian Church. Printed by 
Request. New York : Anson D. F. Randolph & Co., 170 Broadway, cor. 9th St. [18mo. 
pp. 23.] 

The original sources of Historical Knowledge. A plea for their preservation, by Rev. 
Silas Ketchum. Windsor, Ct. 125 copies for private distribution. George Crowell Ketch- 
urn, Printer. 1S79. [Svo. pp. 2S.] 

Our Common Schools, by Joshua Bates, A.M.. late master of the Brimmer School, Bos- 
ton. Reprinted by request, from the Sunday Herald, Boston, Nov. 30, 1879. Boston: 
New England Publishing Company, 16 Hawley Street. 1879. [Svo. pp. 20.] 

Remembrance of Pa>t Days. A memorial sermon by the- Rev. H. W. H. McCarcr, 
. . . Evansville Indiana" Journal Co., Printers, Stationers and Binders. 1879. [8vo. 
pp. 39] 

Collections of the New Hampshire Antiquarian Societv. No. 4. Address at the Annual 
Meeting, July 15, 1S79, by Rev. Silns Ketchum, President. [Seal.] Contoocook : Pub- 
lished by the Antiquarian Society. George Crowell Ketchum, Printer. 1879. [Svo. pp. 
.93-106.J 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of the Most Ancient and Honorable Fraternity of Free 
and Accepted Masons of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. . . . Special and An- 
nual Communications, 1S79. Boston : Press of Rockwell & Churchill, 39 Arch St. 1879. 
[8vo. pp. 77-233.] 

The History of Newport, New Hampshire, from 1766 to 1878, with a genealogical regis- 
ter, illustrated with steel and wood engravings, bv Edmund Wheeler. Concord, N. H. : 
Printed by the Republican Press Association. 1379. [Svo. pp. 600.] 

Installation of Rev. Silas Ketchum as Pastor of the second Congregational Church of 
"Windsor, Conn., in the parish of Poquouock, Thursday, May 1, 1879. Windsor: George 
C. Ketchum, Printer. 1S79. [Svo.] 

A Harbor of Refuge. The proposed improvements at Scituate, their national importance. 

The Map-History of the Coast from the Dee to the Duddon. A search for the Belesaina. 
of Horsley. Read before the Historic Societv of Lancashire and Cheshire, Jan. 23, 1879. 
By T. Gla/.ebrook Rvlands, F.S.A., F.L.S., F.G.S. Liverpool: Thomas Brakell, Printer, 
58 Dale Street. 1879. [Svo. pp. 16.] 

Journals of the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the State of New 
Hampshire, June Session, 1879. Manchester: John B. Clarke, State Printer. 1879. [8vo. 
pp. 660.] 

Reports to the Legislature of the State of New Hampshire, June Session, 1879. Manches- 
ter : John B. Clarke, State Printer. 1879. [Svo. pp. 240.] 

Laws of the State of New Hampshire, passed June Session, 1879. Manchester: John 
Clarke, State Printer. 1879. [Svo. pp. 330-435.] 

Catalogue of the Officers and Students of the Theological Scminarv, Andover, Mass., 1873 
-80. Andover : Printed by Warren F. Draper. 1879. [Svo. pp. 23.] 

Puerperal Convulsions. Read before the Middlesex South District Medical Society, 
April 16. 1879. By Howland Holmes, M.D. [Reprinted from the Boston Medical and 
Surgical Journal.] Cambridge : Printed at the Riverside Press. 1879. [8vo. pp. 7-] 

General Business Directory of Plymouth and Barnstable Counties, with lists of profes- 
sions, trades, mercantile and manufacturing pursuits. Arranged alphabetically for each 
town in Plymouth and Barnstable Counties, Mass. Also containing Registers of the Soci- 
eties, Town and County Officers, &c, in these counties. Compiled and published by Dean 
Dudley & Co., 286 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 1880. [Svo. pp. 176.J 

International Monetary Conference held in compliance with the Invitation extended to 
certain Governments of Europe by the Government of the United States, in pursuance of 
the second section of the Act of Congress of February 28, 187S, in Paris, in August, 1878, 
under the auspices of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of France.' Senate 
Executive Document No. 58, Forty-fifth Congress, Third Session. Washington: Govern- 
ment Printing Office. 1879. [Svo". pp. 913.] 

Public Ledger Almanac, 1880. George W. Childs, Publisher, Chestnut Street, Philadel- 
phia. [12mo. pp. 57.] 



236 Deaths. [April, 

Sketch of George W. Childs. From the Printer's Circular of June, 1879. Philadelphia : 
Collins, Printer. 1879. [18mo. pp. 27.] 

The Burial of John Brown. By William E. Channing. [8vo. pp. 8.] 

Fifty-Fourth Annual Catalogue of the officers and students of Western Reserve College, 
Hudson, Ohio. 1879-80. Cleveland, Ohio : Mount & Carroll, Printers and Stationers, 
145 Seneca Street. 1880. [Svo. pp. 39.] 

" Andi Alteram Partem. " A eritical and impartial review of the Bin Kiu Question : 
forming an answer to the articles published in the " Japan Mail " and the " Tokio Times." 
Reprinted from the " Japan Gazette." [Folio, pp. 12.] 

Fisheries and Fish Culture. Their Importance to the Industries and Wealth of the Coun- 
try. The International Fishery Exhibition at Berlin, Germany, April, 1880. Speech o* 
Hon. Levi P. Morton, of New York, delivered in the House of Representatives, Wednes- 
day, February 4, 18S0. Washington. 1880. [Svo. pp. 19.] 

A short Sketch of the Life and Services of Jonathan Walker, the man with a Branded 
Hand, with a Po'Mn by John G. Whittier, and an Address by Hon. Parker Pillsbury, one 
of Walker's Anti-Slavery Friends, and a Funeral Oration by Rev. F. E. Kittrcdge. Musk- 
egon, Michigan: Chronicle Steam Printing House. 1879. [Svo. pp. 29,] 

Reformed Church in America. Ministers of the Particular Synod of Albany, convened 
in Regular Session in the Reformed Church, Chatham Village, N. Y., on the sixth day of 
May, 1879. Albany, N. Y. ; J. Munsell, Printer. 1879. [8vo. pp. 41.] 

Circular and Catalogue of the Officers and Students of the Albany Law School connected 
with the Union University for the academical year 1879-80. Albany, N. Y. : J. Munsell, 
82 State Street. 1879. [Svo. pp. 15.] 

Stabat Mater. Translated by John D. Van Buren. Albany : Joel Munsell. 1SS0. [Svo. 
pp. 11.] 

Exercises in Commemoration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Ordination of Rev- 
James Anderson as pastor of the Congregational Church, Manchester, Vt., Aug. 12, 1S79* 
Manchester: D. K. Simonds, Printer, 1879. [Svo. pp. 52.] 

The Early History of the Lutheran Church in the State of New York. A Discourse de- 
livered before the Hartwick Svnod, in the Lutheran Church of Richmondville, N. Y., Sep- 
tember 21, 1867. By G. A. Lintner, D.D., President of the Synod. Published by Resolu- 
tion of the Synod. 1867. [Svo. pp. 24.] 

The Address of the Honorary Chancellor of Union University, Hon. John K. Porter, 
LL.T)., delivered at the Commencement of Union College, June 25, 1879. Albany, N. Y. : 
J. Munsell, Printer. 1879. [8vo. pp. 19.] 

Seventeenth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Union League of Philadel- 
phia, December 8th, 1879. Philadelphia : Press of Henry B. ^ shmead, Nos. 1102 and 1104 
Sanson Street. 1879. [Svo. pp. 17.] 

Erastus B. Bigelow. [A biography. 8vo. pp. 34.] 

Facts in Relation to the History of the Albany Medical College Museum, together with 
a Comparative Review of the "Museums of Great'Britain. The Introducrorv Address of the 
Course of 1S79-SD, at the Albany Medical College, delivered Oct. 7, 1S79," by Albert Van 
Derveer, M.D., Professor of Principles and Practice of Sunje.w. Published by the Class. 
Albany : J. Munsell, Printer, 82 State Street. 1879. [Svo. pp."l7.] 

The Origin of Force. By Stephen C. Hutchins. Read before the Albanv Institute, Nov. 
18,1879. Albany, N.Y.: J. Munsell, Printer. 1879. [8vo. pp. 8.] 

Constitution and By-Laws of the New England Society of Orange, New Jersey. Elev- 
enth Edition. December, 1879. New York: The Nation Press, 27 Rose Street. 1879. 
[ISmo. pp. 22.J 

The Widows' and Orphans' Fund held by the Life Insurance Companies. Its Magni- 
tude compared with, but seldom equalled by, Items supposed to be Large. A plan for se- 
curing it. Topeka, Kansas : George W. Martin, Kansas Publishing House. 1880. [«« This 
Pamphlet is dedicated to Rdght, and a most sacred interest of humanity, by the author." 
Long 12mo. pp. 13.] 



DEATHS. 

Arnold, Hon. Samuel Greene, LL.D., graduated at Brown University, 1841, 
in Providence, R. I., Feb. 13, 1860. studied law at the Cambridge Law 
aged 58. He was a son of Samuel 22 School, and was admitted to the bar 
Arnold, and was born in Providence, in Providence in 1815. He was Men- 
April 12, 1821. His ancestry will be tenant governor of Rhode leland 1852, 
found in the Register, xxxiii. 435. He 1861 and 1862, and United States Sen- 



1880.] 



Deaths. 



237 



ator from that state, Dec. 1, 1862 to 
March 3, 1863. He was chosen presi- 
dent of the Rhode Island Historical 
Society in 1863, to succeed the late 
Hon. Albert G. Greene. In 1859 the 
first volume of his " History of Rhode 
Island" was published, in 1860 the 
second and concluding volume. In 
1874 a second edition of this work was 
issued. See Register, xxx. 131. 

Brewer, Thomas Mayo, in Boston, Jan. 
23, 1880, a. 65. He was born in Bos- 
•*-">n, Nov. 21, 1814. He was a grand- 
ijn of Col. James Brewer, a well 
known patriot of the revolution, one 
of the famous " Boston Tea Party." 
He graduated at Harvard College in 

1835, and at its medical school in 1833, 
and commenced practice in this city. 
He was subsequently editor of the 
Boston Atlas till 1857, when that news- 
paper was merged with the Traveller. 
Afterwards he was a member of the 
publishing firms of Swan, Brewer & 
Tilestou, and Brewer & Tileston, till 
1875, when he retired and passed two 
years abroad. He was much interest- 
ed in education, and was a member of 
the Boston school committee. He was 
also a member of the Academy of Arts 
and Sciences, the Natural History, and 
other societies. He edited Wilson's 
Ornithology in 1839, and was the au- 
thor of the " Oology of North Ameri- 
ca," besides writing for magazines 
and other works, articles on natural 
history and the biography of natural- 
ists. He married, May 27, 1849, Sally 
Rice, dau. of Stephen Coffin, of Dauaa- 
riscotta, Me., who with one daughter 
survives. 

Chandler, Edward Barron (Charles H.,* 
Joshua, 5 Joshua,* John, 3 John," Wil- 
liam 1 ), Lieut. Gov. of New Bruns- 
wick, died of bronchitis, Feb. 6, 1880, 
at Fredericton, in his 80th year. He 
was born at Amherst, N. S., August 
24, 1800. He read law with his cou- 
sin Hon. William Botsford; held the 
office of Judge of Probate and Clerk 
of the Peace for the county of West- 
moreland ; entered the legislature in 
1827, and continued in that body until 

1836, when he was appointed by the 
Crown a member of the upper branch, 
or the legislative council. In 1833 he 
was sent to England in reference to 
the crown lands, and revenues of the 
Province ; and again in 185*7 on the 
subject of tbe international railway. In 
1856 the conservative government, of 
which he was the leader, resigned. 



Mr. Chandler declined on several 
occasions promotion to the bench, his 
active habits and large professional 
practice rendering that elevation un- 
desirable to him. In 1871 he was a 
member of the commission for the 
union of the Provinces. He was ap- 
pointed to succeed the Hon. Mr. Leon- 
ard Tilley as Lieut. Governor of New 
Brunswick. Said one of his friends, 
" I have long regarded him as one of 
the best of men — truly lovely and 
delightful." 

Munsell. Joel, at Albany, N.Y., Thurs- 
day evening, Jan. 15, 1880, a. 71. He 
w r as born in Northfield, Mass., April 
14, 1803, and from 1834 till his death 
carried on the printing and publishing 
business in Albany. He published the 
Register for the years 1862, 1863 and 
1864. He was also the publisher of 
many ether works illustrating the 
history and biography of this country. 
A memoir with a portrait will appear 
in our July number. 

Poole, Charles Henry, in Washington, 
D. C, January 25, J 880, aged 54. 
He was born in that part of Danvers, 
Mass., now Peabody, Feb. 5. 1625, the 
youngest child of Fitch. His mother 
was the daughter of Rev. Manasseh 
Cutler, D.D., LL.D., of Hamilton. 
His eldest brother was Fitch Poole. Jr., 
whose humorous and other writings 
have a local reputation in Essex coun- 
ty. He was deeply interested in gene- 
alogical studies, and had nearly com- 
pleted the genealogy of the Poole 
family, on which he had been employ- 
ed for several years. He entered the 
office of the Salem Rer/ister m 1838. 
In 1844 he entered West Point Milita- 
ry Academy, and resigning before his 
full course was completed, engaged in 
civil engineering in Boston and Rox- 
bury till 1852, when he was appointed 
assistant to Capt. George H. Derby 
(author of " Phcenixiana " ) in the 
survey of the river and harbor of San 
Diego. Cal. ; and was subsequently 
U". S. Surveyor of public lands in Cali- 
fornia, and county surveyor of San 
Diego, Cal. In 1857 he was appoint- 
ed assistant to the engineer in charge 
of the Light House district on the 
Gulf Coast from St. Charles, Florida, 
to the mouth of the iMisbissippi. He 
was engaged in this work when the 
war of the rebellion broke cut, and 
with his family was unable to escape 
from the south till the close of the war. 
Early in 1865 he was assigned to duty 



238 



Deaths. 



[April. 



under Col. J. C. Palfrey, corps of en- 
gineers, on repairs of fortifications on 
the gulf coast, and remained there till 
1867, when he removed to Washing- 
ton, and was appointed assistant topo- 
grapher in the Post Office department 
Here he remained as chief assistant 
topographer till his death. He was 
author of " .Report of Survey of the 
Southern Pacific Railway;" " Report 
on Drainage of Boston ;" " Resources 
of San Diego. Cal. : " and other pro- 
fessional reports. He was a frequent 
contributor to magazines and news- 
papers. His style was facile and hu- 
morous, like that of his brother Fitch, 
qualities which they doubtless inher- 
ited from their distinguished grand- 
father, Dr. Cutler. VVith a pencil he 
was as happy in expression as with a 
pen. His illustrations of his friend 
Derby's comical conceits are very en- 
tertaining. 

Rogers. Charles, in Portland, Me., Dec. 
24, 1679, aged 62. He was bora in 
Portland, Sept. 1797. and for many 
years was engaged in business in that 
place. At one time he had for a part- 
ner in the dry-goods business, Samuel 
Cutler, now a Reformed Episcopal cler- 
gyman, and the historiographer of our 
society. He took a deep interest in 
the welfare of his native city, and was 
eminently genial, sympathetic and 
kind hearted. He leaves a widow and 
one son, Mr. Charles B. Rogers, by 
a previous wife. 

Russe? l, Mrs. Mary (Scarie). wid. of So- 
louv n, at Mason, N. 11., Nov. 4, 1879, 
aged 86. She was daughter of Rev. 
Jonathan Searle, H. C. 1764, who in. 
Hannah, daughter of Nathaniel and 
Judith (Badger) Cogswell, of Atkin- 
son, X. H. She was cousin of the late 
Rev. William Cogswell, D.D. 

Thatcher, Hon. Peter, at Cleveland, 
Ohio. Feb. 12, I860, a. 67. He was b. at 
Attleboro', .Mass., July 10, 1812, and 

was a descendant of the Rev. Thomas 
Thatcher, the first minister of the Old 
South Church in Boston. He was 
brought up on his father's farm till 
he was nineteen years old, when he 
found employment in Taunton as a 
carpenter. In November, 1834, he en- 
tered the employ of .Messrs. Otis & 
Co., contractors, and was engaged in 
the work of railroad construction ou 
the principal lines along the seaconst 
from Maine to Georgia. At the close 
of his engagement with that firm in 



1850, he formed a partnership for 
building bridges under the firm of 
Thatcher, Stone & Co., with offices in 
Springfield, Mass., and Cleveland, 0., 
and he removed to the latter place, 
where he has since resided. In 1851 
the firm of Thatcher, Burt & Co. was 
formed, with head quarters at Cleve- 
land. They constructed nearly all the 
original railroad bridges in Ohio, with 
depots and engine houses, besides do- 
ing similar business to a very large 
extent in other states. The firm con- 
tinued in active business for thirteen 
years, having added the lumber trade 
to its operations. A new firm, Thatch- 
er, Gardner, Burt & Co., commission 
merchants and produce dealers, was 
then formed. In 1865 Mr. Thatcher 
retired, and soon after became presi- 
dent of a company newly formed for 
the manufacture of paint from iron 
ore. In IS75 he was nominated by the 
republicans and elected member of the 
state Board of Public Works for three 
years, the term ending in Feb. 1879. 
During his thirty years' residence in 
Ohio, he had occupied the highest po- 
sitions in the Masonic body and the 
Knight Templar organization in that 
state. He had endeared himself to 
those bodies and to the community by 
numberless acts of kindness and of 
courtesy. 

Tuck, Hon. Amos, at Exeter, X. H., 
Dec. 11, 1879. a. b'J. He was born at 
Parsomfieid, Me., Aug. 2, 1810, being 
a son of John 6 and^Bet-ey (Towle) 
Tuck, and a quintayleof Robert 1 Tuck 
(who came to New England as early 
as 1636, and alter residing a short 
time in Watertown and Salem, settled 
in 1638 at Hampton), through Ed- 
ward, 2 John,* Ju/iathan, 4 Jonathan* 
and John 6 Tuck. He graduated at 
Dartmouth College in lb'.'Jo, studied 
law and began practice in 1638 at Exe- 
ter, N. H. Mr. Tuck Avas a member 
of Congress from 1847 to 1853, and 
held other important offices. 

Wingate, William Pitt Moulton. at Do- 
ver, N. H., Feb. 25, lbo0,aged 92 yrs. 
He was born July 7, 17c!), on the farm 
where he lived and died, and where 
his ancestors lived and died since the 
farm was first granted to the emigrant 
settler, John \Vingate. lie was the 
son of Capt. Moses Wingate. who 
married Joanna Oilman, daughter of 
Col. John W'entvvorth. of Sornersworth, 
2s. II., speaker of the last provincial 
house of representatives. 




THE 



NE¥-ENGLAND. 

Historical and Genealogical 

REGISTER. 

N° CXXXV. 

V L . X X X I V. — J U L Y, 18 8 0. 

IN MEMOBIAM MAJORUM. 



\ 



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 
NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 



BOSTON: 

THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

DAVID CLAPP &c SOIN\ PRINTER3, 
564 Washington St. 



I] ->£» TEEMS $3 AYEiE, IlNTADVAITCrE. 

I p ^ — — r , - . ■■ -- " 



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* THE 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 
REGISTER. 



JULY, 1880. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF JOEL MUNSELL. 

By George R. Howell, Esq., of Albany, N. Y. 

"To begin with time out of mind, the autobiographer's first 
period, 'I was born' on Monday, April 13, 1808. ... To prevent 
all future dispute, and that the place of my birth may not be made 
the subject of contention, I deem it necessary to mention that this 
little village [North field, Mass.] is entitled to all the honor of that 
event. The fate of Homer should forewarn all geniuses to leave 
the place of their nativity on record." 

Thus playfully wrote the famous printer of Albany in a diary 
begun at the age of twenty, when he had charge of a bookstore in 
that cil y. Like so many thousands of worthy citizens in the villages 
of New England, his father was in humble circumstances, and as 
the boys grew to manhood they were compelled to colonize and 
begin the battle of life for themselves. The residence of his grand- 
father was near Hartford, Conn., whence his father removed soon 
after bis marriage with Cynthia Paine, in 1807, toNorthfield, Mass. 
Here the subject of our sketch spent bis boyhood days, and as the 
parental discipline was somewhat lax, with one boon companion he 
roamed the fields as he listed. What New England towu with its 
woods and brooks and hills does not furnish an endless museum of 
wonder and delight to a curious and enterprising lad? If his stu- 
dies suffered in the mean time, he was strengthening the body for 
the toilsome life that lay before him. 

In his twelfth year his bosom friend was removed to other and 
sterner occupation, and in the solitude thus forced upon him he 
began to reflect. The necessity of learning dawned on his mind, 
and for nearly three years no more faithful and assiduous student 
was found in the school of Northfield than young Munsell. At the 
vol. xxxrv. 22 



240 Biographical Sketch of Joel Munsell. [July, 

age of fourteen he entered his father's shop to learn the wheelwright'3 
trade. For three years he was engaged in this employment, when 
a former suggestion of his father, that he should be a printer, grew 
on his mind, and the superior facilities afforded by this occupation 
to increase his stores of knowledge, induced him to abandon the 
work-bench for the printing case. His first engagement in the gen- 
tle craft was in the office of the Franklin Post and Christian Free- 
man, at Greenfield, at the age of seventeen, where he was regularly 
apprenticed, May 24, 1825. Two months after this engagement, 
occurred an incident that showed he had found his right vocation. 
One of the neighboring papers boasted as a great feat the setting up 
in one day of 7520 ems by an apprentice in its office, who had been 
but two months and ten days in the business. At the urgent re- 
quest of one of his fellow workmen, Munsell, at the same period of 
his apprenticeship, undertook to compete with his brother crafts- 
man, and surpassed him by about 600 ems. The next year he was 
foreman in the office, and had the sole responsibility in getting out 
the paper, as the editor knew nothing of the practical part of the 
business beyond furnishing copy. On account of some difficulty in 
the office, Munsell left the Post, Dec. 7, 1826, and engaged on the 
Gazette, printed in the same village. John Denio, its editor and 
proprietor, sold his interest in this paper in April, 1827, and estab- 
lished a bookstore in Albany, engaging Munsell as clerk and mana- 
ger of the business. In this city he arrived May 2, 1827. 

Albany at that time was in a transition state, when the customs 
of the old Patch inhabitants were yielding to New England in- 
fluences, and New England incomers were gaining a foothold in 
business and in political and social distinction. Few emigrants from 
the Emerald Isle could have been here at that time, since it was a 
common occurrence for the boys on the 17th A March to drag an 
enVv of St. Patrick through the muddy streets. The negroes at 
this period were in the habit of celebrating the anniversary of their 
freedom on die 5th of Ju\y. 

In November, 1827, he left the bookstore to work on the National 
Observer, then published by another veteran printer, Solomon South- 
wick. This engagement was but a temporary one, for after a month 
vze find him in the office of the Masonic Record, where he worked 
two days in the week at $2M a day. To occupy the time not devoted 
loathe Record, he determined on issuing a newspaper himself. In 
■one day, along the principal business street, North and South Mar- 
ket, now Broadway, he procured one hundred and fifty subscri- 
bers; purchased a small font of types, and prepared for business. 
This. papex was called the Albany Minerva, and was published semi- 
monthly, on a half sheet folded as a royal octavo. The composition 
was done in a back room of Mr. Denio's bookstore, the use of which 
was paid by his attendance on customers while the clerk was absent 
at dinn/ir. The paper was worked off at night on a Ramage press. 



1880.] Biographical Sketch of Joel Mansell. 241 

with balls, in the Record office, and the next morning the editor 
delivered it at the doors of his subscribers. On the morning of the 
12th of February he announced the death of Gov. De Witt Clinton 
at the same hour with the daily papers. His object in this enter- 
prise was not so much remuneration, as employment of an active brain 
and industrious hands. The labor involved in writing, type-setting 
and press-work, all of which he did himself, was so great that only 
eight numbers were issued, the first of which appeared Jan. 1, 1828, 
when he had not reached his twentieth year. 

In the spring of 1828, and for a year later, he was using odd 
moments and hours not occupied by work, in learning the Latin 
lan£ua<re, and reading whatever scientific treatise he could lav hands 
on. Simultaneously he was also collecting and had bound, through 
these and subsequent years, one hundred volumes of newspapers, 
from all parts of the United States. These were generally single 
specimens, the first issues, where they could be obtained, or else 
copies that contained something of more than ordinary interest, and, 
taken as a whole, illustrated the condition of the press at that time. 
These volumes are now in the New York State Library. The only 
recreation he took in these years was not unfrequent visits to the 
theatre, where all the stars from New York were to be heard occa- 
sionally, though the opera had not then made its appearance. Holi- 
days were as often spent in work as in play, for printing had to be 
done when the world called for it. June 15, 1828, he writes in his 
journal that he sat down to the dinner table for the first time in two 
months, so close had been his attention to business in the bookstore 
and on newspaper work. This mention of employment in the store 
refers to a second engagement with Mr. Denio, which lasted but a 
few months. During the period from November, 1827, to June, 
1829, he had employment as he could find it on different newspa- 
pers in Albany, or at job work, and, when unemployed, was busy 
in self-improvement and various minor matters. From June, 1829, 
to January, 1830, excepting some brief visits to his friends in North- 
field and Greenfield, he was knocking at the doors of printing-houses 
in Hartford and New Haven for work, finding no steady employ- 
ment, but in each place saving something from his earnings to 
lay the foundation in due time of a business for himself. In 
New Haven his evenings and spare hours were devoted to attending 
lectures and reading geology and other scientific works. On the 
4th of January, 1830, he returns to the city of his adoption, deter- 
mined to win a place of respect and honor among its men of busi- 
ness. For a few more years, however, his employment was some- 
what irregular, according as he could find it in the newspaper offices. 

The record of the following incident in Mr. Munsell's journal re- 
minds us that many of the highest achievements in the arts of civili- 
zation have been made within the memory of men now living. 
Although for nearly a year trains had been run on the Albany and 



242 Biographical Sketch of Joel Munsell. [July, 

Schenectady railroad to within two miles of the former city, it would 
appear that press of business or want of curiosity had prevented our 
young typo from paying a visit to the wonder. He says : rt Sun- 
day, June 3, 1832. I have also viewed for the first time, and with 
mingled awe and pleasure, the operations of the machinery upon the 
railroad, the handicraft of avaricious man ; whom money and the 
love of fame prompt to deeds of wonderment to the less gifted. 
Hundreds of gaping mortals stood viewing the novel spectacle 
of' a group of cars whirled through their ranks with unequalled 
rapidity, by no visible means of propulsion, and appeared to be 
wrapt in the most profound astonishment. And well they might be. 
.... Massachusetts had the honor of introducing the first one 
(locomotive) into America in 1826, though upon an inferior plan." 
Steamboats had then been running on the Hudson for twenty-five 
years, and had reduced the time of the Clermont of Fulton, thirty- 
two hours, to nineteen in 1828, as Mr. Munsell records in a trip 
which he made in that year from New York to Albany. 

The summer of 1832 w r as memorable for a visitation of the chole- 
ra, and a vivid picture of the consternation of the inhabitants is 
given in the following extract from the journal : "Monday, July 9. 
Arose at five and went to the office (of the Argus). Few people 
seen stirring — all frightened by the cholera, if not out of the city, 
at least into their houses. The streets look like Sunday, and per- 
sons passing one another seem to avert their heads and suspend res- 
piration as thouirh they feared inhaling contagion Tues- 

day, July 10. Arose at half past five, very much debilitated. De- 
termined not to let my fears magnify a little bodily pain into cholera. 
At work till breakfast time. Attempted work after breakfast, and 
had to frive it up. Citizens commenced burning tar to purify the 
atmospnere, as though a few barrels of pitch would clear a bound- 
less element of noxious particles floating in it. The city was several 
hours wrapt in a dense, black smoke, and must have looked very 
much like old Sodom. But few country people venture into the 
city, and if any were in to-day and witnessed the conflagration of 
tar and rosin, it is reasonable to suppose that their sojourn was con- 
siderably abbreviated thereby. They are so wary that the few 
whose avarice is tempted by the high price of produce to risk 
themselves amid the scene of death and terror, manifest great com- 
placency in. their dealings and conclude their bargains with com- 
mendable brevity, and push home again with all convenient expe- 
dition. 22 cases, 8 deaths." 

In 1834 he was associated with Henry D. Stone in publishing 
the Microscope. This was a weekly journal, and had a large circu- 
lation for several years. By the savings of his industry of the past 
years, he was enabled to purchase in October, 1836, a job printing 
office at No. 58 State Street, where he gained a solid foothold, and 
laid the foundation of a long and prosperous career. For over 



1880.] Biographical Shetch of Joel MunselL 

forty years books, pamphlets and papers have been issuing from his 
press, that are eagerly sought for in all large reference libraries in 
both hemispheres. His first publication, other than that of news- 
papers and general job printing, was "The Outlines of the History 
of Printing/' He laid no especial claim to authorship of this, re- 
garding it as a compilation, and circulating it, a3 he said, as a spe- 
cimen of printing. During the same year, 1839, he issued a work 
compiled by himself from the Spanish, on the conquest of Mexico, 
and published under the nom de plume of Arthur Prynne. Of the 
newspapers and periodicals printed by him at different times, were, 
in 1840, a daily campaign paper in the interest of a section of the 
whig party, led by D. D. Barnard; in 1842, a Lady's magazine, 
edited by E. G. Squier ; the same year saw the beginning and end 
of " The Northern Star and Freeman's Advocate ;" in 1844, the 
Spectator, a weekly religious paper, edited by Dr. William B. 
Sprague, which, for the few years it lived, exercised a large influ- 
ence in this portion of the state ; the next year he began to publish 
an Odd Fellow's journal, entitled the Guard, of which C. C. Burr 
and John Tanner were the editors ; and afterwards successively the 
State Register, the Typographical Miscellany, the New York 
Teacher, Albany Morning Express (1854), and the Albany Daily 
Statesman. 

The titles of the many books that have issued from his press could 
not be given in a sketch, of this character. There are many that 
bear his own name on the imprint, but with the exception of his 
work on paper and paper making, which passed through five edi- 
tions, he was hardly an author in the true sense of the word. Though 
his pen was employed on historical subjects, he was too busy a man 
to digest his facts and construct a philosophical history like those of 
Prescott and Motley. He was antiquarian rather than historian. 
Work that on account of sheer laboriousness was forbidding to oth- 
ers, to him was, if not a delight, at least a challenge to his patient 
and industrious spirit, that he accepted with unfaltering courage. 
How many volumes of old newspapers he turned over, how many 
church and city records in crabbed Dutch characters he with great 
pains deciphered, how many toilsome tramps in the neighboring 
graveyards he made to procure genealogical data, may be seen in 
the ten duodecimo volumes of his "Annals of Albany," and in the 
four royal octavo volumes of the " Collections for the History of 
Albany." The history of this city has never been written ; but who- 
ever shall undertake this task will find in these two series ample 
material for his work. The Annals were begun in 1850, and fin- 
ished in 1859. The first volume of the Collections appeared in 
1865, and the last in 1871. It may be said that almost everything 
of importance to the history of Albany recorded in the newspapers 
from 1784 to 1870, will be found in these volumes. In addition to 
these miscellaneous facts, the county and city records for many 

VOL. XXXIY. 22* 



/ 



w 



Wk i Biographical Sketch of Joel Munsell. [July, 

years, some of them translations from the Dutch, were here made 
accessible to the world. What Savage in his genealogical dictiona- 
ry did for New England, Prof. Pearson, of Union College, assisted 
to some extent by Mr. Munsell, did for Albany, in tracing the pedi- 
grees of its early settlers through three or four generations to the 
year 1800, which were published in the third volume of the Col- 
lections. Had Samuel Johnson lived to see the Annals and Collec- 
tions, the same definition would have served him for lexicogra- 
pher and antiquarian alike. 

The Albany Mirror of iSTov. 15, 1879, is partly responsible for 
the following interesting incident. When Mr. Munsell was pub- 
lishing the Spectator before mentioned, Dr. Sprague came to the 
office with " copy " for the paper, consisting of two biographical 
sketches. Mr. Munsell suggested that they would make a valuable 
and interesting pamphlet. The doctor said he would think of it. 
Meeting Mr. Munsell in the street soon after, he said to him, " I 
have considered that matter, and instead of a pamphlet, I think I 
will add to it ami make a duodecimo. "' A few weeks later, after 
further consideration and consultation with his friends in Princeton, 
Drs. Miller and Alexander, and clergymen of other denominations, 
the enterprise grew upon him, until the whole field of the American 
pulpit was projected before his vision, and the result was the An- 
nals of the American Pulpit in nine octavo volumes, which proved 
to be the crowning literary work of Dr. Sprague's life. 

The curious work entitled " The E very-Day Look of History and 
Chronology," compiled by Mr. Munsell and issued in two 12mo. 
volumes in 1843, and as an octavo in 1858, with Appleton's im- 
print, is another monument to his industry, and w r orthy of a place 
beside the similar works of Hone and Chambers. Webster's old 
almanac, that had adorned the firesides of this section of the state 
for a generation, was transferred to his ownership in the same year 
(1843), and from that date to the present, large editions (20,000 
to 35,000) have annually been published by him, and found a ready 
market. His son Frank has prepared the astronomical calculations 
for a number of years, and regarding the weather predictions, Mr. 
Munsell has told the writer that the farmers ought to be satisfied, 
for he provided for them always the very best weather for harvesting 
that the market afforded. 

As a man he was quiet and unobtrusive, quaint and often jocose 
in conversation, and loved and respected by ail who knew him. 
His business integrity was unquestioned, but his publications did 
not bring him the fortune their labor deserved. It is well known 
that the printing of genealogies and local histories, and small edi- 
tions of rare works, never brings adequate remuneration. Books 
such as these, refused by every other publisher, were accepted by 
him out of his zeal for preserving and perpetuating the history of 
his country, and also perhaps because he knew they would be sought 



1880.] Biographical Sketch of Joel Munsell. 245 

for through all time by myriads of people in the great reference 
libraries of the world. The printer who dared to publish them 
would immortalize his name with the author's. Of such are ten 
small quarto volumes entitled Munsell's Historical Series, of which 
but small editions were printed. The four volumes of the Collec- 
tions before mentioned were also published at a great pecuniary loss, 
about one hundred subscribers only having been secured. lie hoped 
for substantial assistance from the citizens of Albany, but he was 
disappointed. In this he fared no better than in his publication of 
the History of Brooklyn,- N. Y., by Henry R. Stiles, in three octavo 
volumes. For some reason the work, though of the highest value 
to those interested in the history of that city, never met with sales 
sufficient to pay expenses. The truth is, probably, that the xVlbany 
and Brooklyn of to-day look more to New England than to Holland 
for the history of their ancestry. 

The aid which Mr. Munsell rendered to the New England Histo- 
ric, Genealogical Society, in publishing the Register at a critical pe- 
riod of its existence, should not be omitted in this place. In the 
autumn of 1861, the contract with Mr. Drake for the publication of 
the work expired, and as the subscription list had fallen to about 
five hundred copies, he was unwilling to continue the publication. 
It being early in the war, and a time of unusual business depression, 
no other publisher in Boston was found to assume the responsibility. 
Mr. Munsell, on learning this from a member of the publishing com- 
mittee, wrote to him, offering to publish the periodical on the same 
terms that Mr. Drake had done, if the society would edit the work 
without expense to him, at the same time stating that he should not 
do this with the expectation of making money, but as a contribution 
to a cause in which he felt a deep interest. The offer was gladly 
accepted, though the treasurer of the society,' the late Mr. William 
B. Towne, submitted and advocated a plan, which a few years later 
was successfully carried out, of publishing the work in Boston by 
the society, with a club of members to guarantee it against loss. 
His plan was not adopted, as it was thought a regular publisher 
would have advantages over those not in the trade. Mr. Drake 
had printed one thousand copies at an annual cost of about one 
thousand dollars. Mr. Munsell reduced the number printed to 
five hundred and fifty, thereby considerably lessening the expense. 
Through his exertions, aided by members of the society, the sub- 
scription list was materially incieased, and during the second and 
third years six hundred and fifty copies were printed. Mr. Mun- 
sell published the work three years ; but there being inconveniences 
attending the publication at Albany, it was decided to publish the 
work at Boston on the plan suggested by Mr. Towne. At the con- 
clusion of the contract, the society, through the Board of Directors, 
testified to its great indebtedness to Mr. Munsell. 

He was one of the original founders of the Albany Institute, and 



246 The Windsor Family of Munsell. [July, 

during some critical periods of its existence carried it through its 
financial embarrassments from his own purse. Pie published every 
volume of its transactions, with the exception of the first, and its 
three volumes of proceedings. He succeeded Dr. T. Eomeyn Beck 
as its treasurer, and for forty years was annually reelected to the 
office, the last election occurring but a few days before his death. 

For forty-three years he has been a faithful attendant of the Lu- 
theran Church, whose manual he published, and the greater portion 
of which, giving a history of the church, he prepared himself. He 
also served this church as one of its trustees for over twenty years, 
most of the time as president of the board. 

Historical, scientific and antiquarian societies of which Mr. Mun- 
sell was a member : 

Resident member of the Albany Institute, 1841. 

Corresponding member of the 2s ew York Hist. Soc., June 1G, 1848. 

Hon. member of the "Wisconsin Hist. Soc., March 2, 1854. 

Hon. member of the American Antiquarian Soc, May 16, 1854. 

Hon. member of the Hist. Soc. of Pennsylvania, May 22, 1854. 

Cor. member of the New Eng. Hist. Genealog. Soc., June, 1857, and 

Life member Dec. 18 04.* 
Cor. member of the Iowa Hist. Soc, Feb. 3, 1859. 
Cor. member of the Maine Hist. Soc, Sept. 18G2. 
Cor. member of the Vermont Hist. Soc, Feb. 23, 1863. 
Cor. member of the Buffalo Hist. Soc, April 12, 1864. 
Hon. member of the New Jersey Hist. Soc, Jan. 19, 1865. 
Cor. member of the Numismatic and Antiquarian Soc of Philadelphia, 

May 5, 1866. 
Cor. member of the New York Gen. and P>iog. Soc, May 6, 1869. 
Hon. member of the Licking County Pioneer and Hist. Soc, Dec 1869. 
Cor. member of the Western Reserve Hist. Soc, May 14, 1870. 
Member of the Connecticut Hist. Soc, Oct. 1876. 
Cor. member of the Oneida Hist. Soc, June, 1878. 



The following genealogy is furnished by Frank Munsell, the 
youngest son of Mr. Munsell. 



GENEALOGY OF THE WINDSOK FAMILY OF 
MUNSELL. 

By Mr. Frank Mu-sell, of Albany. 



HPHE first immigrants of this name located in the eastern part of 

X Connecticut, but the time of their coming from England is not 

well settled. They soon separated, and no communication havin^ 

been kept up between them, their personal history is only to be 

«/»? h « S0cie n 7 ' a f ft f Tno 1 f il1 ?- A P ril 7, 1S80, passed resolutions of respect to the metiorv 
of Mr. Munsell, winch will be found in the Proceedings of the society in thifnurnber 7 



1880.] The Windsor Family of MunselL 247 

gathered from town records and tombstones. Early in the last cen- 
tury, Jacob Monsell, one of their descendants, came to East Wind- 
i sor, and is the progenitor of the families which have ever since been 
known in the towns and parishes embraced in ancient Windsor ; 
and his posterity is now widely scattered over the United States. 
The orthography of the name is various upon the records and monu- 
ments, but is now written Munsell by all the families in America. 

Notwithstanding the diversity of orthography in England, the 
family history, as well as the escutcheons of the different branches, 
show that they are all of one lineage, originating in Sir Philip de 
Maunsell, who came from Normandy, one of the companions of 
William the Conqueror, and on whom was bestowed the manor of 
Oxwiche in Glamorganshire. His grandson, Sir John Maunsell, 
was constituted lord chief justice of England in the time of Henry 
III. ; his eldest son, Sir Thomas, knight banneret, fell in the Ba- 
rons' wars,, at Northampton, in the 48th Henry III., and was suc- 
ceeded by his son Henry, who was the ancestor of the extinct Lords 
Mansell and baronets of Margram. This family omitted the ih in 
the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and in 1711 dropped the second I. 
A branch of the family emigrated from the neighborhood of Frome, 
in England, and settled in Ireland early in the reign of Charles I., 
and is now known as Monsell of Terror. The name is written 
Maunsell, Mansell, Monsell, Munsell, Mansel, Moncil, Munsel, 
Muncil. Descendants of other branches than this of Windsor are 
frequently met with. We give the device of one of the English 
families, by way of illustration, which will probably be a novelty to 
the descendants here ; and the technical description below exhibits 
all the difference that exists in the arms of the branches, so far as 
we have been able to discover. 

Arms. — Arg., a chevron between three maunches, sable. 

Crests. — 1st, On a chapeau, gu., turned up erra., a falcon rising, 
ppr. 2d, A cap of maintenance, enflamed at the top, ppr. 

Mottoes. — Quod vult valde vult ; and, Honorantus me honorabo. 

1. Thomas Munsell resided in 1683 on the Great Neck in New Lon- 
don. His name is first found on the record in 1G81. He had wife Lydia, 
and children : 

2. i. Jacob. 2 
ii. Elisha. 2 
iii. Mercy. 2 

iv. Deliverance. 2 

2. Jacob' Munsell (Thomas 1 ), of Windsor, 1723; m. first, 

Calkins ; m. second, Phebe Loomis, Feb. 15, 1719, and had children : 

3. i. Calkins, 3 b. June 12, 1718. 

ii. Thomas, 3 b. April 9, 1720 ; d. April 17, 1720. 

iii. Mercy, 3 b. Feb. 9, 1721 ; d. young. 

4. iv. Elisua, 3 b. Sept. 15, 1723. 

5. v. Jonathan, 3 b. Oct. 7, 1725. 
vi. Mercy, b. Feb. 20. 1728. 

6. vii. Gurdon, 3 b. April 26, 17.30. 















. 


















248 The Windsor Family of MunselL [July, 

7. vlil. Jacob, 3 b. April 21, 1732. 
ix. Joseph, 3 b. Sept, 28, 1734. 

8. x. John, 3 b. Sept. 5, 1736. 

xi. Desire, 3 b. Sept. 5, 1741 ; m. Isaac Rjckwell, July 22, 1764. 

3. Calkins 3 Mcxsell (Jacob, 2 Thomas 1 ), m. Mary Booth, May 19, 
1743. He d. May 21, 1858, ie. 40. Had children : 

i. Mary, 4 b. Feb. 5, 1744. 

9. ii. Zacheus, 4 b. Aug. 17, 1745. 
iii. Phebe, 4 b. Feb. 2, 1748. 

10. iv. ALPHECS, 4 b. Oct. 12, 1749. 
y. Sybil, 4 b. May 27, 1751. 
vi. Charity, 4 b. May 21, 1753. 
vii. Caroline, 4 b. Sept. 14, 1754. 

viii. Submit, 4 b. Aprii 16, 1757 ; d. April 30, 1779. 

4. Elisha 3 Munsell (Jacob, 2 Thomas 1 ), m. Kezia Taylor, Dec. 27. 
1750. Had children: 

i. Hezekiah, 4 b. Dec. 7, 1751 ; d. 3 T oung. 

11. ii. Hezekiah, 4 b. Jan, 17, 1753. 

iii. Joel, 4 b. July 8, 1755 ; d. Nov. 23, 1777. 
iv. Miriam, 4 b. Jan. 15, 1757; d. young. 
v. Naomi, 4 b. April 3, 1758 ; m. Jonathan Button. 
vi. Bathsheda, 4 b. Dec. 6, 1760; d. July 10. 1791. 
vii. Kezia, 4 b. Oct. 17, 1763 ; d. April 9, 1789. 
viii. Miriam, 4 b. Jan. 17, 1767 ; in. James Wolcott. 

5. Jonathan 3 Mcxsell (Jacob, 2 Thomas 1 ), m. Flannah Pascoe (?). 
He d. Aug. 13, 1787. Children : 

i. Hannah, 4 b. April 15, 1747 ; in. Ichabod Hatch. 

ii. Lydia, 4 b. Feb. 9, 1749 ; m. Daniel Bissell. 

iii. Jonathan, 4 b. May 25, 1751 ; served in the Revolution ; d. Aug. 30, 

1780. 
iv. Sabra, 4 b. 1753 ; m. Timothy Smith. She d. Jan. 15, 1815. 

6. Gcrdox 3 Mcxsell (Jacob 2 Thomas 1 ), in. Lucv Stiles, Nov. 11, 
1751. Children: 

i. Gurdon, 4 b. Oct. 31, 1752 ; d. Oct. 1754. 

ii. Solomon, 4 b. April 3, 1754. 

iii. Lucy, 4 b. Nov. 31, 1755. 

iv. Mercy, 4 b. Sept. 30, 1757. 

v. Gurdon, 4 b. Oct. 27, 1760. 

7. Jacob Mcxsell 3 (Jacob," 1 Thomas 1 ), m. first, Sarah Bancroft. Jan. 
2, 1751. She died Nov. 28, 1783. He m. second, Sybil Ellsworch. 
Children : 

i. Silas, 4 b. 1751 ; d. young. 

ii. Sarah, 4 b. April 23, 1754. 

iii. Elice, 4 b. March 12. 1756. 

iv. Silas * b. March 27, 1758. 

v. Abigail, 4 b. Oct. 15, 1760. 

vi. Eunice, 4 b. April 30, 1763 ; m. Timothy Smith. 

vii. Thomas, 4 b. May 19, 1765. 

viii. Rachel, 4 b. Aug. 4. 1767. 

8. John 3 Mcxsell (Jacob 2 Thomas 1 ). Children : 

i. Martin. 4 

ii. Lutuer. 4 

iii. Elizabeth, 4 m. Solomon Pearl. 

iv. Triphosa, 4 m. Ebenezer Starkes. 

v. Tryphena, 4 d. unm. 

vi. Calvin, 4 b. 1776. 

vii. John, 4 d. unm. 


















' 



• 





































1880.] The Windsor Family of Munsell. 249 

9. Zacheus 4 MtJNSELL ( Calkins? Jacob? Thomas 1 ), m. Hannah 
Drake, May 4, 1768 ; joined the Shakers with his whole family. Children : 

i. Hannah, 5 b. May 14, 1709. 

ii. Zaciteus, 5 b. April 16, 1771. 

iii. Susanna, 5 b. Aug. 14, 1773. 

iv. Levi, 5 b. Sept. 9. 1775. 

v. Agnes, 5 b. Feb. 23, 1778. 

vi. Submit, 5 b. June 17, 1780. 

10. Alpheus 4 Munsell (Calkins, 3 Jacob, 2 Thomas 1 ), m. Eunice Hay- 
den, 1783. Hed. Dec. 1, 1807. Children: 

i. Det;orah, 5 bapt. July 19, 1795 ; m. Elihu Roberts. 
ii. Rodney, 5 bapt. July 19, 1795. 

11. Hezekiah 4 Munsell (Elisha? Jacob, 2 Thomas 1 ), m. Irene Bissell, 
Jan. 24, 1777. He d. April 14, 1844. She d. March 17, 1847. Children : 

12. i. Hezekiah, 5 b. Sept. 17, 1777. 

ii. Irene, 5 b. Feb. 21, 1779; iu. Martin Greene. 

iii. Joel, 5 d. young. 

13. iv. Joel, 5 b. Jan. 14, 1783. 

14. v. Ezra, 5 b. March 27, 1755. 

15. vi. Timothy, 5 b. July 1, 1787. 

16. vii. Luki;, 5 b. Jure 4, 1790. 

17. viii. Elisha, 5 b. March 13, 1793. 
ix. Kezia, 5 b. Feb. 15. 1796. 
x. Laura, 5 b. April 29, 1798. 

12. Hezekiah 5 Munsell (Hezekiah? Elisha? Jacob? Thomas 1 ), m. 
Mary Hull, 1814 ; he d. April 16, 1358. Children: 

i. Mary Hull, 6 b. 1815. 

ii. Irene Stiles, 6 b. 1817 ; m. \YilIiara Daniell. 
iii. Addison, 6 b. 1S22 ; d. 1824. 

iv. Addison Tillottson, 6 b. 1824; in. first. Mary Heath, 1851. Shed. 
1854. He m. second, Jane Gibbs, 1856. 

13. Joel 5 Munsell (Hezekiah? Elisha 3 Jacob? Thomas 1 ), m. Cynthia 
Payne, May 5, 1807. He died April 3, 18G5. She died July 12, 1864. 
Childrer : 

18. i. Joel, 6 b. April 11, 180S. 

ii. Cynthia, 6 b. June 29, 1810.. 

iii. Son, 6 b. Aug. 30, 1812 : d. young. 

19. iv. Cyrus, 6 b. June 10, 1813. 

20. v. Luke, 6 b. Oct. 27, 1816. 

21. vi. Elijah Bisbee, 6 b. Sept. 21, 1819. 

vii. Mary Edwards, 6 b. Nov. 11, 1822 ; m. Henry Sutliff. 

14. Ezra 5 Munsell (Hezekiah? Elisha? Jacob? Thomas 1 ), m. Chloe 
Aqnires, 1811. She d. Nov. 11, 1857. Children: 

i. Henry, 6 b. Oct. 30, 1811. 

ii. Irf.ne Bissell, 6 b. Sept. 6. 1818 ; m. Stephen Farnham. 

iii. Mary Ann, 6 b. April, 1825 ; m. Franklin Beckwith. 

15. Timothy* Munsell (Hezehiah? Elisha? Jacob? Thomas 1 ), m. Abi- 
gail Lad, 1812 ; he d. Aug. 12, 1859. Children : 

i. Timothy Edwards, 5 b. April 24, 1813. 

ii. Eveline, 6 b. Aug. 1815 ; m. Charles Starr, 1834. 

iii. Charlotte, 5 b. May 12, 1819; m. Daniel Brown, 1841. 

iv. Hezekiah, 6 b. July, 1824. 

v. Elijah, 6 b. Jan. Ib30. 

vi. Abigail, 6 b. July, 1S32 : d. Sept. 19, 1834. 



250 The Windsor Family of Munsell. [July, 

16. Luke 5 Munsell (ffezekiah,* Elisha* Jacob, 2 TJiomas 1 ), m. Eliza 
T. D. Z. U. Sneed, 1820 ; he d. June, 1854. Children : 

i. Alexander John Mitchell. 6 

ii. Sarah. 6 

iii. Eliza. 6 

iv. Laura. 6 

v. Indiana. 6 

vi. Maria Louisa. 6 

17. Elisha 5 Munsell (Hezekiah, 4 Elisha, 9 Jacob 2 Thomas 1 ), m. Polly 
Hurd, 1818. Children: 

i. Sarah, 6 b. Dec. 8, 1819; m. W. D. Lee, Jr. 

ii. Mary, 6 b. March 1, 1821 ; m. Levi Barker. 

iii. Delia A., 6 b. June 13, 1823 ; m. Horace U. Dayton. 

iv. Julia E., 6 b. April 23, 1825 ; m. Cu?hin^ B. Morse. 

v. Decatur S., 6 b. Aug. 5, 1827. 

18. Joel 6 Munsell (Joel* Hezekiah* Mwha? Jacob, 2 Thomas 1 ), m. 
first, Jane C. Bigelow, June 17, 1834; she d. June 17, 1854; he d. Jan. 
15, 1880. Children : 

22. i. William Augustus, 7 b. May, 1835. 

ii. Anna, 7 b. Aug. 1839 ; d. June 10, 1810. 

iii. Julia Annie, 7 ^b. Feb. 13, 1850; in. William Turner, Jr., Aug. 28, 
1871. 

23. iv. Charles, 7 b. Dec. 29, 1852. 

He m. second, Mary Ann Reid, Sept. 11, 185G. Children : 

v. Frank, 7 b. June 19, 1857. 
vi. Jessie, 7 b. Jan. 2, 1859. 
vii. Satie, 7 b. Feb. 18, 1661. 
viii. Minnie, 7 b. Dec. 9, 1862. 
ix. Laura, 7 b. March 15, 1866. 
s. Emua, 7 b. June 14, 1868. 

19. Cyrus 8 Munsell (Joel, 5 Hezekiah 4 Elisha* Jacob, 2 Thomas 1 ), m. 

Diantha Huntoon. Children : 

i. Russell, 7 b. June, 1S40. 

ii. Alpha Willard, 7 b. March 17, 1358. 

iii. Homer, 7 b. June, 1859. 

20. Luke 6 Munsell {Joel? Hezekiah, 4, Elisha? Jacob, 2 Thomas 1 ), m. 
Margaret Ann Johnston, 1S51 ; he d. July, 1875. Children : 

i. Frederick Willard, 7 b. June 6, 1853 ; died. 
ii. Albert Henry, 7 b. Jan. 6, 1858. 

21. Elijah B. g Munsell (Joel, 5 Hezekiah 4 Elisha? Jacob, 2 Tliomas 1 ), 
m. Martha Covel. Children : 

i. Franklin E. 7 
ii. Gertrude. 7 

22. William Augustus 7 Munsell (Joel, 6 Joel, 5 Hezekiah 4 Elisha? 
Jacob, 2 Thomas 1 ), m. first, Maria Beers, Sept. 1856. Children : 

i. Jennie C., 8 b. 1857. 
ii. Alice, 8 b. 1859. 

He m. second, Lizzie Evans. Four children. 

23. Charles 7 Munsell (Joel,' Joel," Hezekiah 4 Elisha? Jacob, 2 Tho- 
mas 1 ), m. Sarah C. Knower, Sept. 5, 187G. Child : 

i. Hattie Edith, 3 b. June 24, 1878. 



1880.] Boston Committee of Correspondence, &c. 



251 



RECORD OF THE BOSTON COMMITTEE OF CORRESPOND- 
ENCE, INSPECTION AND SAFETY, MAY TO NOV. 1776. 

Copied by permission of Samuel F. McCleary, Esq., City Clerk, from the original 
record-book in the archives of the City of Boston, Mass. 

[Concluded from pa#e 170.] 

M" Hill the Mother was brought in & examined more particu- 
larly with respect to M r John Timmins of this Town Merchant, 
who was characterized by Hill the Husband, as a person who had 
been faithful to Government. M rs Kill being asked who it was 
that delivered her the Paper wrote by her Husband answered. 
that she could not well recollect but thought it was one Richard 
Newton. 

Coll° Barber and M r Dorr were appointed to go to M r Orracks 
where Newton lodges in order to secure his Papers for the Inspec- 
tion of the Committee. 



[177G. 
Oct. 21.] 



Mr Tim- 
mins 
attends. 



Newtons 
Papers to 
be exam- 
ined. 



A Co nip! 



mpiamt 



;d by the Chairman, was entered with M r 



22. 



Newtons 

Complai it 
withdrawn. 



Mr Tim- 
mins Justi- 
fied. 



Memorial 
to G. Court 
Keported. 



Guards 
at y Jayl 



VOL 



Justice GreanleafT one of the Court of Enquiry ; praying [page 
64] that the said Newton, might be immediately apprehended, & 
examined, touching the delivery of the Papers found upon M rs Hill. 

At a meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
& Safety at their Chamber in King Street October 22 1 1776. 
M r Gray in the Chair 

The Committee appointed to secure M T Newtons Papers Re- 
ported, that they had examined the same and could not find any 
one of a criminal nature among them. 

Voted, that M r 2s ^wton shall have his Trunks of Papers re- 
turned him by the Committee — also — 

Voted, that the Complaint entered with M r Justice GreanleafT, 
one of the Court of Enquiry against Richard Newton be with- 
drawn. 

M" John Timmons name having been mentioned in one of the 
Papers found upon M" Hill, the Committee sent for her Husband 
who gave the Paper, and having examined him strictly with re- 
spect to what he had written, together with his Wife and Daugh- 
ter, and also made inquiry of M r Timmins — the Question was put 
viz. — " Whether the Committee are fully satisfied, that M r Tim- 
mons conduct with respect to what passed between M" Hill & 
himself has been quite unexceptionable — passed in the Affirma- 
tive unanimously. 

M r Gray & c a Committee appointed for that purpose Reported 
a Memorial to be laid before the General Court relative to the 
Prisoners in this Town being suffered to remain here — and the 
Question being put Whether the same shall be accepted, Passed 
in the Affirmative. 

On a Motion, Voted, that the Committee wait on General 
Ward; and represent the necessity of Guards being placed at the 
Jayl. 
, xxxiv. 23 



252 Boston Committee of Coyrespondence, &c. [July, 

Novem* 5. [Page 65.] At a meeting of the Committee of Correspondence 
Inspection & Safety at their Chamber in King Street November 5, 
1776. M r Gray in the Chair. 

.Letters The Letters brought by Cap* Parker from Hallifax, were de- 

Hailfax. Hvered this Committee, and the same being examined & it ap- 
pearing that they Contained only matter of a private nature, they 
were returned to be forwarded as directed. 
A Certifi ^ a P* ^- snDurne °f a Pri ze Vessel brought into this Port applys 

cate to to the Committee for a Certificate of his behaviour during his 
bu?ne^ Sh * Residence here, agreeable to a Resolve of Council— whereupon 

Voted, that the Chairman be desired and impower'd to furnish 
him with such a Certificate. 
A Certm "^ ^ on °^ Thomas Hickling being desirous of going to his Fa- 

cate to ther who is in some Foreign port, the chairman was directed to 
SSkfLg. f urn ish n i m w i tG a Certificate of his behavior. 
Novem* e ^ a ^ eet i D S °f tne Committee of Correspondence Inspection 
and Safety at their Chamber in King Street November 6, 1776. 
M r Gray in the Chair. 

Certificate The following Certificate signed by the Chairman was given 
riven Colo p & J o 

Barber. Coll Barber VIZ. 

This may Certifie that Nathaniel Barber Esq. Officer for the 
Port of Boston has ever in the most public manner taken the part 
of his injured Country ; that he has suffered greatly in the gene- 
ral Calamity, that he has been a faithful member of this Commit- 
tee from its first Institution ; that in discharge of the Duties of it 
a large portion of his time has been taken up, and he in the be- 
ginning of our troubles exposed to much Personal danger — that 
he is well qualified for the Post he sustains has given universal 
Satisfaction in it, and depends upon his continuance in it for the 
support of himself and a [page 6G^\ numerous Family too young 
to provide for themselves. 

By Order of the Committee 

Ellis Gray Chairman. 
7. At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspec- 
tion &c. at their Chamber in King Street November 7 1776. 
Nathaniel Barber Esq in the Chair 
To the Keeper of the Gaol at Boston in the County of Suffolk. 
Warrant to ^ e herewith send you the Body of John Dean Whitworth a 
commit Prisoner taken in Arms against the Forces of the United States 
Whitworth. °f America, and you are directed to keep him in safe Custody 
untill discharged by legal authority. 

In behalf of the Committee of Safety of the Town of Boston 

Nathaniel Barber Chairman. 
Voted, that the follovring Representation be made the Hon ble 
the Council of this State — Viz — 

To the IIon ble the Council of this State — the Committee of 
to e cou 3 nriL Safety &c. for the Town of Boston Report to your Honors, that 
this Day was brought before them one John Dean Whitworth a 
Prisoner, taken in Arms against the Forces of the United States 
of America — that the said Committee orders the said Whitworth 
to be committed to the Goal in this Town there to remain until 



1880.] Gray and Coytmore. 253 



your Honors shall give Orders concerning him, In the name and 
by Order of the Committee, I am very respectfully 
Your Honors 

Most Obed* & very hum. Serv* 

Nath 1 Barber. Chairman. 
The Guard' who has the Prisoner has an account of the Ex- 
pence attending the same as the Committee have no fund to dis- 
charge it they have advised him to lay the same before your 
Honors. 



I 



GRAY AND COYTMORE. 
Communicated by William S. Appletox, A.M., of Boston. 

I. Thomas Gray. 
ONG and careful researches have been made by myself, and for me by 
!-J the late Horatio G. Somerby, into the ancestry of Parnel Gray, wife 
of Increase Nowell, and into all the connections of her mother Katharine 
Coytmore, who came to this country a widow. I luckily found at the Prin- 
cipal Registry of Probate, London, the wills of both her husbands, who 
died in England, which are here printed. The register of Harwich, in 
Essex, has been examined, and contains so many Grays that there has been 
trouble in arranging the line of descent. It seems, however, to begin with 
Thomas 1 Gray, who had a son Thomas 2 Gray who was father of Rich- 
ard 3 Gray and John 3 Gray. Richard 3 Gray, by wife Susan had 
Thomas 4 Gray, baptized at Harwich, August 18, 1572 ; and died in 160"2, 
leaving widow Josuan, who married secondly, November 2, IGOo, Christo- 
pher Johns. 

Thomas 4 Gray, born in 1572, married Katharine, daughter and coheir- 
ess of Robert Miles.* of Sutton, in Suffolk, and died at Harwich, in 1G07, 
buried May 7. Children : 

i. Scsan, baptized at Harwich, January 31, 1593. 

ii. Thomas, baptized at Harwich, May 4, 1595; was of Wapping, mar- 
iner ; died in 1627. 

iii. Robert, baptized at Harwich, October 8, 1593 ; buried November 27, 
1598. 

iv. Parnel, born about 1002 ; married Parker, who died before 

1626, leaving a daughter, and she married secondly, Increase No- 
well, and died at Charlestown, March 25, 1687; he died Nov. 1, 
1655. 

v. Katharine, born about 1601; married Thomas Graves ; d. at Charles- 
town. February 21, 16S2 ; he had the title of Admiral, and d. July 
31, 1653. 

II. Rowland Coytmore. 

Katharine, widow of Thomas Gray, of Harwich, married th^re Decem- 
ber 23. 1610, Rowland Coytmore, of Wapping, widower. He was un- 
doubtedly of Welsh descent, a member, I presume, of the family of Coetmor, 

* Alice, the other daughter ami coheiress of Robert Miles, married Thomos Wiseman of 
Cur.iield in Essex, and was mother of William, created u Baronet August 29, IG2S. ances- 
tor of the present Sir William Wiseman, Baronet. 



254 Gray and Coytmore. [July, 

whose genealogy may be read in Volume II. of the " Heraldic Visitations 
of Wales," &c, 1846. We find there a Rowland of about 1600, who had 
a sister Alis, wife of Hugh ab John Wyn. which Alis is almost certainly 
the same as Elizabeth, mother of Hugh Hughs, alias Gwyn, named later 
Be this as it may, we find Rowland Coitmore as a grantee in the second 
charter of Virginia, May 2o, 1C09. He lived at Wrapping, and had a first 
wife Dorothy Harris. He died in 162G, and his widow came to New Eng- 
land in 1C36 or 1637, settling at Charlestown, where she was admitted to 
the church in 1638, and died Nov. 28, 1659, an aged widow. Children : 

i. Teom.\s, b. ; married at Wapping, June 21, 1635, Martha, dau. 

of Captain William Rainsborough ; was a sea-captain ; came to 
Charlestown, Mass., in 1636; member of the Artillery Company of 
Boston, 1639 ; admitted to the Church of Charlestown, February 10, 
1640 ; freeman of the Colony of Massachusetts, May 13, 1649 ; Dep- 
uty to the General Court, 1810 and 1641 ; was lost by shipwreck, 
December 27, 1611,* on the coast of Cales, i. e. Spain, not Wales, as 
has been written, lie had three children : 1. Katharine, b. and d. 
at Wappin<» in 1636 ; 2. Thomas, b. at Charlestown in 1612, died 
young-; 3. William, b. and d. at Charlestown in 1611. His widow 
married secundly in December, 1617, Governor John Winthrop, who 
died March 26, 1619, and she married thirdly, March 10, 1652, John 
Co<. r ,sran, of Boston, who died in 1658. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. ; married William Tyng, who died at Boston, Jan- 
uary 18, 1653. 

Thomas Gray. 
Iu the name of God Amen, The xvi th day of August in the yeare of the 
Raigne of our soveraigne Lord James by the grace of God of England 
Scotland Fraunce and Ireland Kinge defendo* of the faith &c that is to save 
of England Fraunce and Ireland the foureth And of Scotlande the fortye 
And in the yore of our Lorde God one thousand six hundred and sixe I Tho- 
mas Gray of the Horrough of Harwich in the County of Essex and Dio- 
cesse of Loudon being somewhat weake in body but in good and pfect re- 
ltieiubraunce thancks be given to almightie God therefore, Callinge to my 
mind the iiistabilitye of this mortall life, and intending to dispose of such 
landes tenements hereditaments and other substance after my decease where- 
with it hath pleased almightie God of his goodness to endowe me in this 
world do make ordeyne and declare this my last will and Testament in 
manner and forme following that is to saie. First I doe yeild and 
bequeath my soulc into the hands of almightie God, hoping through the 
merritts death and passion of our Lorde and saviour Christe Jesus to have 
full pardon and remission of all my synnes, and my body to be commytted 
to christian burial! at the discretion of my Executrix. Item I doe give 
bequeath and devise unto Katherine my wife All my moyetie parte and 
purparte of all and singuler those messuags lands tenements and he- 
reditaments whatsoever with all and singuler their appurteuncs aswell 
free as bonde or coppihoulde or custymary tenute scituate lieinge andbeinge 
in Sutton in the Couutie of SufF. which late were of Robert Miles late of 
Sutton Yeoman deceased father of the said Katherine my wife, th'othe' 
moyetie part or purparte whereof one Thomas Wyseman Esquire my bro- 
ther in law now houldeth, To have and to hould my saide moyetie parte 
and purparte of all and singuler the saide messuags lands Tenuemen^s and 
heriditaments with all and singuler th'appurteuncs unto the saide Katherine 

* On bis Trill he nsed a seal with the arms of Coytmore of Coytmore, Carnarvon, viz. : 
Gules, a chevron between three stags' beads cabossed Argent, a crescent for difference. 



1880.] Gray and Coyimore, 255 

my wife and her assigned for unci during the time and terme of her naturall 
life, And after the decease of the saide Katherine iny wife I doe give will 
and bequeath my said moyetie parte or purparte of all and singuler the said 
messuags lauds tenements and heriditaments with thappurtehiics unto 
Thomas Gray my sonne To have and to hould to the said Thomas Gray 
and to the heires of his bodie lawfullie begotten. And if it shall happen 
the saide Thomas Gray my sonne to die withoute heires of his bodie law- 
fully begotten, Then I will ordeyne and devise by these presents That my 
saide moyetie parte or purparte of all and singuler the saide messuags lands 
tenements and hereditaments with th'appurtenncs shall whollie remaine and 
be unto Suzan Gray Parnell Gray and Katherine Gray my daughters and 
to the heires of their bodies lawfulie begotten. And if it shall happy my 
saide daughters to die without heires of their bodies lawfully begotten, 
Then I will and ordeyne that all and singuler the p'misses before willed and 
devised shall whollie remaine to the saide Katherine my wife and her heires 
for ever. Provided alwayes that if the saide Katherine my wief at any tyme 
hereafter shall thinke meet and convenient for the better good proihtt and 
advancement of her selfe and of my saide children to make sale of my saide 
moyetie parte and purparte of all the said messuags lands tenements 
hereditaments and other the p'misses with thappurtehncs either for and 
towards the purchasluge buyenge of thother moyetie parte or purparte of 
the saide messuags lands tenements and heriditainents with thappur- 
tehncs which the saide Thomas Wiseman my brother in law doe nowe hould 
or of any other lands and tenements whatsoever, Then my full true intent 
and meaning is, And I doe will crdeyne and devise by these p r nts that niy 
saide moyetie parte or purparte of all and singuler the saide messuags lands 
tennements and heriditaments with appurtennes shall be so aid by my 
saide wife to and for the best promtt and advantage that may be had for the 
same, And the money ai'isinge growinge and cominge of for and uppon the 
sale thereof to be used bestowed imployed and disposed for and towards the 
purchasing and buyenge either of the saide other moyetie parte or purparte 
of the saide messuags lands tennements and heriditaments which the saide 
Thomas Wiseman nowe houldeth at of any other lands or Tennements what- 
soever, w ch saide lands Tennements and heriditaments to be purchased and 
bought as aforesaid I will and ordaine by these p r nts to be assured and con- 
veyed by good and lawfull writings surrenders assuranncs and conveyanncs 
in the law accordinge to the nature of the tenure of the p r misses in manner 
and forme followinge, That is to saie, to the saide Katherine my wife and 
her assignes for and during the terme of her naturall life, And after her 
decease to the saide Thomas Gray my sonne and to the heires of his bodie 
lawfullie begotten, And for defaulte and wante of such heires to the said JSu- 
zan Gray Parnell Gray and Katheriue Gray my saide daughters and to 
their heires of their bodies lawfullie begotten, And for want of such heires 
to remaine to the next heires of the said Katherine my wife for ever. And 
I doe further will and ordaine by these p r nts That the said Katherine my 
wife before she doe make anie sale of the saide moyetie parte or pur- 
parte of the saide lands tennements and heriditameuts shall become 
bounden to my Supvisor hereafter named in this my last will and Testa- 
ment hi one writinge obligatory in the somme of One Thowsand poundes of 
lawfull English money with condicou thereuppon to be indorsed for the 
true pformiuge accomplishing and fulfilling of all things especihed and een- 
teyned in this my last will and Testament of her parte to be done accom- 
plished and fulfilled according to the true intent purporte and plaine mean- 
vol. xxxiv. 23* 



25G Gray and, Coytmore. [«My> 

inge of the same. And if the saide Katherine my wife shall nott become 
bouuden or refuse to become boundeu in manner (and) forme aforesaide, 
Then my will and true intent is, and I doe will and ordaine by these p r nts 
That any such bargaine and sale to be made as aforesaide of my saide moy- 
etie parte or purparte of the said messuags hinds tennements and heredita- 
ments w T ith th'appurtehncs or of any or every parte or pcell thereof to be 
utterly voide and of none effect to all intents and purposes and she utterly 
disabled to make any such sale thereof, And that my former guifts and de- 
vises above made of the same and of every parte and pcell thereof to my 
saide wife and children shall stande and remaine in their full force and ef- 
fect, Anie thinge in these p T nts conteyned to the contrary notwithstandinge. 
Item I do give and bequeath unto the saide Suzan Gray my daughter the 
somme of one hundreth pounds of lawfull English money to be paide to her 
by my Executrix when she shall accomplish her full age of xviij eu yeres 
(if she shall happen to live so longe). Item I doe give and bequeath unto 
the saide Parnell Gray my daughter the like somme of one hundreth poundes 
of like English money to be paide her by my Executrix at her full age of 
xviij en yeres (if she shall happen to live so longe.) Item I give and be- 
queath unto the saide Katherine Gray my daughter the like somme of one 
hundreth pounds of like English money to be paide unto her by my saide 
Executrix at her full age of eighteue yeres (if she the saide Katherine 
shall happen to live so long.) The residue of my goodes and Chattells plate 
money Jewells moveables utensills and household stufe unbequeathed I doe 
whollie give and bequeath to the saide Katherine my wife towards the 
payment of my saide legacies and discharging of my debts, which saide Kath- 
erine my wife I doe ordeyne constitute and make my sole Executrix of this 
my last Will and Testament. And I further constitute and ordaine Hugh 
Branham clerke to be the Sopvisor of the same, giving and bequeathiuge 
unto him for his paines and labour the somme of thre poundes. 

Iu witnesse whereof I the saide Thomas Gray have to ev'y sheete of pap 
of this my last will and Testament conteyning in all six sheets of paper putt 
to my handes the day and yere above written. Thomas Gray. 

These being witnesses hereunto. 
Anthony Branham. Richard Reynolds. John Moore his marke. 
Proved at London 29 June 1G07. 

Rowland Coytmore. 
In the name of God Amen The fiveth daye of June Anno Dili one thou- 
sand sixe hundred twentie sixe And in the second yeare of the Raigne of 
our Soveraigne lord Charles by the grace of God King of P^ngland Scot- 
land Fraunce and Ireland defendo r of the faith etc. I Rowland Coytemore 
of Wapping in the Countie of Midd. marriuer being in good and perfect 
health and memory laud and praise bee given to God for the same doe make 
and declare this my last Will and testament in manner and forme folio w- 
inge that is to saie First and principally above all earthly thinges I com- 
mend my soule to the allmightie God my maker and creator and to his 
Sonne Christ Jesus my Saviour and Redeemer, hopeing and stedfastly assur- 
ing myselfe that thorough the meritts bitter death and passion w ch my Sa- 
vio r suffered for race to bee one of Gods elect in heaven there to receave 
life everlasting. My body I comend to the earth wherof it was madft and 
as touching and concerning the disposicon of all and singuler such worldly 
goods and substance w ch God hath endued we w th all I give and bequeath 
the same as foiloweth vizt. 



1880.] Gray and Coytmore. 257 

Item I give & bequeath unto my loveing Sonne Thomas Coytmore and 
to his heires and assignes for ever All that my messuage or Tenement and 
all my lands hereditaments and apptenncs thereunto belonging as well free- 
hold as Coppyhold Scituate lying and being in the mannor of Milton in the 
parish of Prittlewell als Pricklewell in the eountie of Essex now in the ten- 
ure and occupation of John Greene together XV th fower keclles* lying and 
being at Southend in the aforesaid mannor now in the tenure and oecupa- 
con of Crips. 

Item I give and bequeath unto my said sonne Thomas Coytemore and 
to his heires and assignes for ever All that my farnie and Coppyhold land 
w^ th'appurtenncs thereunto belonging conteyning forty and fower acres or 
thereabouts scituate lying and being in the parish of great Bursted in the 
Countie of Essex all w cb said coppyhold land before by mee given and be- 
qeathed unto my said Sonne Thomas Coytemore I have according to the 
custome of the said Manno 1 surrendred to the lymitacon and use of this 
my last will and testament Provided allwaies and never the lesse my mind 
will and mening is that my wife Katherin Coytemore shall have and enjoy 
to her owne use and behoofe the aforesaid messuag or tenement Kedles 
Farme and coppyhold lands w dl th'apptehncs thereunto belonging before 
by mee given and bequeathed unto my said Sonne Thomas Coytemore And 
shall have" receave and take the rents issues proiitts and benelitts thereof 
untill my said Sonne shall accomplish his age of one and twentie yeares 
But neverthelesse upou condicon that my said wife Katherin Coytemore 
shall satisfy and paie out of the Rents of the said messuage or tent. Ked- 
dles Farme and coppyhold lands w th theire appurtenances (as the same shall 
grow due and payable) unto my daughter Elizabeth Coytemore the some 
of threescore pounds of lawful! money of England when she shall accom- 
plish the age of one and twentie yeares or bee married w uh which shall first 
happen. 

Item my will mind and meaning is that my said daughter Elizabeth 
Coytemore before she receave the said some of threescore pounds shall give 
sufficient bond and put in sufficient suretie to repay the said some of three- 
score pounds unto my said wife if my said Sonne Thomas shall happeu to 
depart t :is life before he shall accomplish his full age of one and twentie 
yeares For then and in such case my said Sonne Thomas Coytmore dying 
my mind and will is that my said daughter PLlizabeth shall have and enjoy 
to the ouely proper use and behoofe of her and her heires and assignes for 
ever all chat my foresaid messuag or tenement, Keddles Farme and Coppy- 
hold land w th thappteuncs thereunto belonging aswell scituate lying and 
being in the parish of Prittlewell als Pricklewell as in the pish of great Burs- 
ted aforesaid before by mee geven and bequeathed to my said Sonne Tho- 
mas Coytemore. 

Item I give and bequeath unto my said daughter Elizabeth Coytmore 
and to her heires and assignes for ever All that my messuage or Tenement 
and backside w th thappurtenncs thereunto belonging aswell freehold as 
coppyhold commonly called aud knowne by the signe of the blew boare 
scituate and being in the towne or parish of Retchford in the Countie of 
Essex aforesaid now in the tenure and occupacun of William Ashwell als 
Hare Which said messuage or tenement and backside w th the appurtenances 
or such pte thereof as is Coppyhold I have according to the custome of the 
said Manno r surrendred in the hands of the Lord to the lymitacon and 
use of this my last will & testament. 

* Kedies or Kidells are weirs to catch fish. 



258 Gray and Coy t more. [July, 

Item my will is that my Executrix hereunder named shall sell the said 
messuag or tenem 4 \y :h the appurtenances thereunto belonging to the 
use profitt and behoofe of my said daughter Elizabeth my said Executrix 
putting in good securitie to my Overseers to buy w th the said money that 
she shall receave for the same as good or better purchase for my said daugh- 
ter and to the use of her and her heires onelv forever. Provided ailwaies 
and my will is That if it happen my said daughter Elizabeth to dye or de- 
cease out of this p T nte life before she shall accomplish the age of one and 
twentie yeares or bee married That then the said messuag or tenement 
Backside and premisses called and knowne by the signe of the blew boare 
aforesaid soe to her bequeathed or such other purchase as shalbe purchased 
for the same shall descend come and remaine unto my aforesaid Sonne 
Thomas Coytmore and to his heires and a^signes for ever. 

Item my mind and meaninge is that my said wife Katheriu Coytmore 
shall alsoe have and enjoy the aforesaid messuag or tenement Backside and 
appurteiincs before by mee given and bequeathed unto my said daughter 
Elizabeth and shall have receave and take the rents issues profitts and ben- 
efits thereof untill my said daughter Elizabeth shall accomplish her age of 
one and twentie yeares or bee married (w ch of either of the said tyrnes 
shall first happen to come or bee) for and towards the maintenance appell- 
incr and well briritnns up of mv said daughter according as shall seeme fit- 

^ O ©31:./ O O 

ting and to the likeing of my Overseers. 

Item I give and bequeath unto my Sonne in lawe Thomas Gray and to 
his heires and assignes for ever All those my two coppyhold Teuements w th 
their appurteiincs scituate lying and being w th in the parish of Rederith als 
Rederiir" in the countie of Surrey now iu the severall tenures and occupa- 
cons of Francis Welbey and John Moore the w ch coppyhojd tenements I 
have according to the custome of the said manno surrendred into the hands 
of the Lord to the lymitacon and use of this my last will and testament. 

Item my mind is that if it shall happen the aforesaid some of threescore 
pounds shall not bee satisfied and paid unto my said daughter Elizabeth 
Coytemore before my said sonne Thomas Coytemore shall accomplish his 
age of ore and twentie yeares That then my said Sonne fehall satisfie and 
paie the janie And if he refuse to paie then I doe recall from my said 
Sonne All my freehold land before to him bequeathed and doe give and 
bequeath the same unto my Executrix hereunder named to bee sold by her 
for the payment of the said some of fowerscore pounds unto my said daugh- 
ter Elizabeth as aforesaid. 

Item my will is that if it shall happen all my Children and Childrens 
children to dye or decease out of this p r te life before mee or before they 
shall accomplish theire severall ages of one and twentie yeares or bee mar- 
ried then all my foresaid lands shall remayne come & bee unto my kinsman 
Hugh Hughs als Gwyn my Sister Elizabeths Sonne. 

Item I give and bequeath unto my Grandson William Ball the sonne of 
William Ball* the some of forties .shillings and unto the aforesaid Hugh 
Hughes als Gwyn three pounds and unto my daughter in lawe daughter 
Dorothy Lambertonf fortie shillings to bee paid unto them severally w th in 
one yeare after my decease if they shalbe liveing. 

Item I give and bequeath unto the poore of Wapping three pounds and 
to the poore of the upper hamlett of Wbiteehapple the some of fortie shill- 
ings to bee paid to them severally w th in one month after rny decease. 

* Ho probably married a daughter of Rowland Coytmore by faia first wife, 
t She may have been daughter of Susan, the eide*t daughter of Thomas Gray, otherwise 
only mentioned in his will. 



1880.] Bristol Church Records. 259 

Item I give and bequeath unto the M M of the Trynoty house for thelre 
poore the some of ten pounds to bee paid w th in one yeare after my decease. 

Item the rest and Residue of all and singuler ray goods chattells leases 
shipping and all other things and substance whatsoever to mee belonging 
and not bequeathed I doe give and bequeath unto my foresaid wife Kathe- 
rin Coytemore Whom I doe nominate my full and sole Executrix: of this my 
last will and testament and gardian unto my aforesaid children. And I 
doe nominate and appoint my Sonnes in law Thomas Gray and William 
Rainsborough* of Wapping aforesaid marrin r s overseers hereof entreating 
them to be carefull in seeing the same performed and I doe give to each of 
them forty shillings a peece for theire paines to bee taken therein. 

In witnes whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and seale the dale and 
yeare first above written. Rowland Coytemore. 

Read signed sealed and as the last will and testament of the said Row- 
land Coytemore published and delivered in the presents of Raph Bower 
Pub. Scr. John Wheatley ser 4 to the said Scr. 

Proved at London 24 November 1626. 



BRISTOL CHURCH RECORDS. 



List of Baptisms from the Records of the Church of Christ 
at Bristol, R. I. (formerly Bristol, Mass.), 
) Organized May 3, 1687. 

Communicated by George T. Paixe, Esq., of Providence, R. I. 
[Continued from page 138.] 

[1710.] Rev. John Sparhawk, Pastor. 

June 25. John, son of Deliverance Fry. 

Nathaniel, son of Deliverance Fry. 
Mary, dau. of Deliverance Fry. 
Ranah, dau. of Deliverance Fry. 
Martha, dau. of Deliverance Fry. 
^ July 23. Anthony, son of Deliverance Fry. 

Abigail, dau. of Edward and Elizabeth Adams. 
Elizabeth, wife of John Kinicut. 
Sarah, dau. of Joseph and Grace Gidens. 
Mary, dau. of Joseph and Martha Ward well. 
Jonathan, son of Angel and Hannah Torrey. 
Abigail, dau. of Samuel and Abigail Rowland. 
Peter, son of Mr Peter aud Katherine Papillion. 
Charity, clau. of William and Charity Martin. 
Daniel, son of John and Elizabeth Green. 
Mary, dau. of Peter and Mary Reynolds. 
Nathan, son of widow Mary Woodcock. 
Elizabeth, dau. of widow Mary Woodcock. 
Tabitha, dau. of widow Mary Woodcock. 

4 * Judith, -wife, probably second, of Capt. William Rainsborough, may have been a clau. 
of Rowland Coytmore by bis tirsc wife. 



Augt. 
Sept. 
Nov. 


20. 

10. 

5. 




19. 


Dec. 


17. 




24. 




81. 


Jany. 
Mch. 


7. 

11. 



260 Bristol Church Records. [«My> 

1711. 

Aprill 8. Sarali, dan. of Richard and Sarah Pearce. 
29. Elizabeth, dau. of Eleazer and Lidia Cary. 
July 8. Henry, son of David and Elizabeth Cary. 

Sarah, dau. of Jabez Jr. and Patience Rowland. 
Elizabeth, dau. of John Jr and Elizabeth Bosworth. 
Sept. 2. Thomas, son of Jonathan and Elizabeth Peek. 

23. Thomas, son of John Jr and Hannah Martin, its father being 
dead. 
Feby. 24. Jacob Waldron, adult. 
Margaret Osborn, adult. 
1712. 
April 13. Ebenezer, son of John and Briget(?) Papillio. 

27. Elizabeth Gorham a widow, a liver at Newport. 
June 22. Mary, dau. of Angel and Hannah Torrey. 

Joseph, son of John and Mary Zolod. 
July 6. Benjamin, son of William and Martha Throop. 
Aug. 17. Hannah, dau. of Henry Glover. 
Sep. 7. Bridgit, dau. of James and Bridget Cary. 

Susannah, dau. of Henry and Susannah Bragg. 
Samuel, son of John Bridge — and an adult. 
Feby. 1. Hannah, dau. of Nathaniel and Sarah Newdegate. 

1713. 
Mar. 22. Nathaniel, son of Benjamin and Susannah Cary. 
Apl. 5. Mercey, dau. of Thomas and Abigail Throope. 

Sarah Peanan, dau. of James and Dorothy Pinian. (?) 
May 17. William, son of William and Christian Martin. 

Martha, dau. of Joseph and Grace Giddings. 
July 12. Eliza, dau. of Samuel Smith. 
Sep. 20. Jabez, son of Jabez and Patience Howlaud. 
Eleazer, son of Eleazer and Lidia Cary. 
William, son of John and Elizabeth Lindsey. 
Mary, dau. of Joseph and Martha Wa -dwell. 
27. John, son of John and Priscilla Sparhawk. 
John, son of Samuel and Abigail Howlaud. 
Dec. 6. Richard, son of Richard and Sarah Pearse. 
Henry, son of John Bosworth Jr. 
1714. 
Aug. 15. Josiah, son of Samuel and Susannah Vial. 
Martha, dau. of John and Elizabeth Green. 
John, son of William aud Hannah Eddy, the father being 
deceased. 
Oct. 24. Hezekiah, son of John and Elizabeth Kinnicut. 

1715. 
March 27. Nathaniel, son of John and Priscilla Sparhawk. 

John, son of John and Sarah Osborn. 
July 10. Sarah, dau. of John and AUice Gladding. 

Thomas, son of William and Christian Martin. 
Isaac, sou of Isaac and Mary Goreham- 
Hezekiah, son of Isaac and Mary Gciehain. 

I Daniel, son of Daniel and Elizabeth Smith. 

John, son of Daniel aud Elizabeth Smith. 
24. Susannah, dau. of Benjamin and Susannah Cary. 



1880.] Bristol Church Records. 261 

i 

John, son of Henry and Susannah Bragg. 

i Joseph, son of Joseph and Martha Wordall. 

Mary, dau. of Thomas and Hannah Horton. 
31. Anne ,. . n dau. of Benjamin and Susannah Reynolds. 
Mary, ^ wms ,J> d au . f Benjamin and Susannah Reynolds. 
Oct. 2. Hannah, wife of William Walker. 

Nathaniel, son of Josiah and Ruth Cary. 
Jemima, dau. of Josiah and Ruth Cary. 
Ruth, wife of Josiah Cary. 

Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel and Mary Southworth. 
Mehitable, dau. of Edward and Mehitable Bosworth. 
23. Lidiah, dau. of Lt. William and Martha Throop. 
Nov. 6. Sarah, wife of James Hale. 

William, son of Richard Pearse. 
1716. 
July 22. Benjamin, son of Samuel Smith. 
, Aug. 26. Sarah, dau. of Nathaniel Paine Jr and his wife. 
Edward, son of John and Elizabeth Kinuicut. 
Lydia, dau. of John and Elizabeth Kinnicut. 
Sep. 2. Hezekiah, sou of Samuel and Susannah Viall. 
16. Mowrey Munro, adult. 

George, son of Thomas and Abigail Throope. 
Sarah, dau. of John Bosworth Jr. 
Dec. 2. Mary, dau. of Benjamin and Susannah Reynolds. 
30. Martha, dau. of Joseph and Martha Wardall. 
1717. 
Mch. 24. Patience, dau. of Jabez and Patience Howland. 
Bethiah, dau. of Benjamin and Susannah Cary. 
Oct 27. Leah, wife of Jabez Goreham Jr. 

Samuel, son of Jabez Jr and Leah Goreham. 
Shubael, son of Jabez Jr and Leah Goreham. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Jabez Jr and Leah Goreham. 
Hannah, dau. of Jabez Jr and Leah Goreham. 
Nathaniel, son of Peter and Mary Reynolds. 
Joseph, son of Josiah and Ruth Cary. 
Allice, dau. of Henry and Susannah Bragg. 
John, son of Mary (widow) and Edward Gross deceased. 
Josiah, son of Mary (widow) and Edward Gross deceased. 
Susannah, dau. of William Martin. 
William, son of Nathaniel Southworth. 
Edward, son of Edward and Mehitable Bosworth. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Elisha and Hannah May. 
Nov. 3. Mary, dau. of Thomas and Abigail Throope. 

1721. Rev. Mr. Nathaniel Cotton, Pastor. 

Sep. 24. Abigail, dau. of Benjamin and Susannah Cary. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Benjamin and Susannah Cary. 

Richard, son of Samuel Smith. 

Phebe, dau. of Samuel and Abigail Howland. 
Oct. 10. George, son of Joseph Reynolds. 

Bellamy, son of Nathaniel Bosworth. 

Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel Bosworth. 

Bridget, dau. of Nathaniel Bosworth. 



262 Bristol Church Records. [July, 

Ann, dan. of Nathaniel Bosworth. 

Mary, dau. of Jabez and Leah Gorham. 
15, Ebenezer, son of Deacon John Throope. 
22. John, son of Obadiah and Hester Papillion, 

Hester, dan. of Obadiah and Hester Papillion. 

Elizabeth, dan. of Edward Bosworth. 
29. Caroline Waldron — adult. 
Nov. 6. Sarah, dau. of Edward and Mary Little. 

Mary, dau. of Edward and Mary Little. 
. Josiah, son of Josiah and Hannah Humphrey. 

Samuel, son of Josiah and Hannah Humphrey. 
26. Samuel, son of Obadiah and Hester Papillion. 
December. Timothy, son of Timothy and Alethea Fales. 

Nathaniel, son of Timothy and Alethea Fales. 

Thomas, son of Jabez and Patience Howland. 

Judith, dau. of Benjamin and Judith Bosworth. 

Hannah, dau. of Benjamin and Judith Bosworth. 

Abigail, dau. of Benjamin and Judith Bosworth. 

Jemima, dau. of Edward and Mehetable Bosworth. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Daniel and Elizabeth Smith. 

David, son of Daniel and Elizabeth Smith. 

Timothy Guy — adult. 

Ruth, dau. of Benjamin and Ruth Bosworth. 

Elisha, son of Elisha May. 

John, son of Elisha May. 

Hannah, dau. of Elisha May. 

Mary, dau. of Nathaniel and Abigail Woodbury. 

Eleazer, son of Samuel and Abigail Southworth. 

Elizabeth, dau. of Samuel and Abigail Southworth. 

"William, son of Samuel aud Abigail Southworth. 

Rebecca, dau. of Samuel and Abigail Southworth. 
1722. 
July 29. Capt. William Throope. 

Capt. Reynolds and his wife. 

Nathaniel Jacobs and his wife. I Taken into full 

John Bosworth and his wife. | communion. 

Edward Bosworth and his wife. 

Hannah, wife of Capt. Charles Church. 
Aug. 3. Capt. Charles Church. 
5. Constant 1 

Nathaniel 

tt. j j> children of Capt Charles and Hannah Church. 

Dorothy | 
Sarah J 

Augt. 5. Joseph, son of Nathaniel and Mercy Jacobs. 

Benjamin, son of Nathaniel and Mercy Jacobs. 
Mary, dau. of Nathaniel and Mercy Jacobs. 
Josiah, son of Mrs. Yetmercy Howland. 
Yetmercy, dau. of Mrs Yetmercy Howland. 
Joseph ) 

Lidiah ^-children of Joseph and Lidiah Howland. 
Elizabeth ) 



1880.] Bristol Church Records. 263 

John Gladding — adult. 

Charles, son of John Glading. 

Daniel, son of John Glading. 

Hannah, dau. of Timothy Guy. 

Mary, dau. of John and Mary Lawless. 

John 

Philip 

Mar* ^ children of Philip Bisha. 

Sarah 

Elizabeth J 

Hannah, dau. of Josiah Humphrey. 



-p A ■, i \ children of Benjamin Gorham. 

Alethea, dau. of T 

Priscilla, dau. of C 
en ( Stephen, son of Joi 
ub. -j Benjamin, son of I 
my. f Mehitabel, dau. of 



Sept. 2. Alethea, dau. of Timothy Fales. 

Priscilla, dau. of Cornelius Waldron. 
Between ( Stephen, son of Joseph and Martha Wardell. 
Septemb. -j Benjamin, son of Benjamin Reynolds, 
and Jany. f Mehitabel, dau. of Benjamin and Susannah Cary. 
Jany. 20. Samuel, son of Benjamin and Ruth Bosworth. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Joseph and Phebe Reynolds. 
27. Rowland, son of Rev. Nathaniel Cotton 
Mch. 17. Hannah, dau. of Nathaniel Jacobs. 
24. Mary dau. of Samuel Howland. 

Elizabeth Drowne. 
31. Thomas, son of Edward and Mary Little. 
Ap.H, 1723Hannah "j 

-» r >dau. of Nathaniel and Abigail Smith. 

Mercy { to 

Lydia J 
Since April. Martha, dau. of John Glading. 

Bathbheba Tiffany, adult. 

Abigail, dau. of Nathaniel Woodbury. 

John, son of John Lawless. 

, son of Jonathan Peck. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Bristow. 

Elizabeth Bristow, dau. of Mi's Elizabeth Bristow. 

Thomas, son of Mrs Elizabeth Bristow. 

Joseph 

Micael 

John 

Bridget 

Susannah 
Nov. 24. Hopestill Potter himself. 

Elizabeth ] 

Susannah j 

Jemima ^children of Hopestill Potter 

Simeon 

Lidia j 

Sarah, dau. ot Benjamin Gorham. 
Dec. 1. Benjamin Munroe, adult. 

vol. xxxiv. 24 



children of Joseph Phillips. 



264 Longmeadow Families, [July, 

Henry 

c , a , r es , v children of Benjamin Munro. 
bnuoael j J 

Mercy 
1723-4, Jan. 26. 

Dorothy, dau. of Nathaniel and Sarah Paine. 
Feb. 6. William, son of William Jr and Elizabeth Throope. 

Joseph, son of William Jr and Elizabeth Throope. 
16. Ebenezer , . , son of Nathaniel and Lydia Bosworth. 

Lydia ^ 3 '' dau. of Nathaniel and Lydia Bosworth. 
1727-8 Jan. 21. 

Elizabeth, dan. of Benjamin and Bethia Gorhaci. 
Feb. 17. Samuel Clark, son of Nathaniel Paine. 

[The Rev. Mr. Cotton died July 3, 1729, and was succeeded by the 
Rev. Barnabas Taylor, installed Dec. 25, 1729. Mr. Taylor was dismissed 
June 3, 1740, and was succeeded by the Rev. John Burt, who commenced 
preaching here in July, 1740, and was installed May 13, 1741. The Rev. 
James P. Lane, the present pastor of this church, writes to us, under date 
of April 15, 1880. that the church has now no records during the pastorate 
of the Rev. Mr. Taylor, there being a hiatus from the close of the first 
book in 1729, on the death of the Rev. Mr. Cotton, until 1741, when Parson 
Burt's records commence. 

Query. Are the Rev. Mr. Taylor's records in private hands, or did he 
keep none ? — Editor.] 



LONGMEADOW (MASS.) FAMILIES. 

Communicated by "Willard S. Allen, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from p. 190.] 

4th Generation. Stephen Colton, of Wilbraham, son of Isaac and 
Mary, was married Dec. 22, 1755, to Abigail Stebbins. Their children — 
Nameless, born March 21, 1756, and died the same day. Abigail, bora 
Jan. 24, 1757. Sarah, born June 19, 1758. Isaac, born April 13, 1760. 
Sahara, born March 27, 1762. Lina, born Sept. 10, 1764. Cloe, born 
Jan. 1, 1766. Reuba, born Nov. 27, 1767. Stephen, born June 18, 
1770. Plinny, born March, 1772. Eiam, born Aug. 28, 1774. Mercy, 
born Oct. 1776. Hannah, born Feb. 12, 1779. Betsey, born Sept. 4, 
1781. Stephen Colton the father died July 30, 1812. 

[Page 78.] 5th Generation. Rev. Simeon Colton, son of Jabez and 
Mary, was married Sept. 2, 1812, to Lucretia Colton, daughter of Capt. 
Gideon and Lucretia Colton, page 69. 

5th Generation. Elijah Colton, of Longmeadow, son of Jabez and 
Mary, was married May 19, 1811, to Olive Taylor, daughter of Stephen 
and Anna Taylor, page 211. He died Jan. 17, 1«44, age 57. Their 
children — Anna, born June 15, 1812, married Timothy Warren Pease, of 
Enfield, 18-1)6. Stephen Taylor, born Aug. 21> 1815, married Cynthia 
Terry, of Enfield, 1842. Francis, bom Jan! g, 1820, died Sept. 30, 1822. 

5th Generation. Sabin Colton, of Longmeadow, son of Major Luther 



1880.] Longmeadow Families. 265 

and Thankful Colton, was married Jan. 2. 1811, to Rhoda Boardman. 
Their children— Delia Thankful, born Oct. 30, 1811. Saoin Woolworth, 
born Feb. 20. 1813, grocer, Philadelphia. Rhoda B., born Oct. 30, 1814. 
Julia Ann, born April 20, 1825. 

[Page 79.] Capt Luther Colton. of Longmeadow, son of Major Lu- 
ther and Thankful, was married Dec. 17, 1809, to Lucy Cooley, daughter 
of Josiah and Abiel Cooley. Their children — Luther Woolworth, born 
April 3, 1812. Francis, born March 16, 1815, died April 19, 1815. Lu- 
cy Ann, born June 1, 1817. Josiah Cooley Colton. born Dec. 9, 1825. 

[Page 80.] 6th Generation. Levi Colton, son of Charles and Lucy, 
was married March 25, 1798, to FreelovQ, Chandler, daughter of Stephen 
and Freelove Chandler. Their children — Love, born Dec. 31, 1798, died 
Jan. 12, 1820, age 22. Lovice, born April 5, 1800, married Rosweil Ter- 
ry, of Enfield, 1830. Levi, born May 23, 1802, lived in isew York. 
Chauucv, born Jan. 2C, 1801, married Lavinia H. Ware, of Oakham. 
1830. Eliza, born Feb. 19, 180G. Julia, born March 25, 1808, married 
Andrew King, of Surheld, 1830. Francis, born Sept. 9, 1810. Nancy 
Amanda. born Oct. 4, 1814. Hannah, born Nov. 2, 1817. Levi the 
father died July 12, 1828. His widow married John Warner, 1831. Lovice 
married S — Allen, of Springfield, March 20, 1823. 

6th Generation. Solomon Colton, son of Charles and Lucy, was mar- 
ried Oct. 12, 1793, to Elizabeth Hancock, daughter of William and Han- 
nah Hancock. Their children — Jonathan, born July 21, 1797. Runsley, 
born April 29. 1799. Solomon, born Nov. 3, 1800, died May 21, 1802. 
Elizabeth, born Nov. 12, 1S02. Lucy, born July 8, 1804. Solomon, born 
June 15, 1807. Aaron, born April 26, 180£, died April 27, 1833. Ste- 
phen, born March 4, 1811. Solomon the father died Dec. 31, 1838, age 66. 

[Page 81.] 6th Generation. Alpheus Colton, son of George and Sarah 
Colton, was married Aug. 31, 1786, to Loice Spencer, daughter of Euenezer 
Spencer, of Somers. Their children — Alpheus Speucer, born May 2, 178b, 
went to 2sew London. Loice, b. Feb. 23, 1791, married William C. Silcox, 
Aug. 31, 1812, died April 18, 1838. Nathan Titus Salter, b. March 10, 1794, 
went to Rochester. Experience, born April 6, 1797, married Josiah Hunt, 
pub. Sept. 6. 1818. Harriet, born July 6, 1799, married Walter Bliss, 
Dec. 19, 1820. James, born Aug. 7, 1801, lived in Isew York, married 
Lovice Calkins. Levi Snow, born Sept. 30, 1804, lived in Iowa. Daniel 
L., born Nov. 25, 1806, died Dec. 19. 1821, age 15. Noah, born Feb. 22, 
1811, died Sept. 29, 1811. Alpheus the father died Oct. 22, 1823, age 58. 
Lois the mother died May 15, 1830. James was married Nov. 13, 1823. 

6th Generation. Demas Colton, son of George and Sarah Colton, was 
married Feb. 5 or 6, 1789, to Mary Woolworth, daughter of Richard and 
Loice Woolworth. Their children — Laura, born Sept. 15, 1789, married 
Daniel Burbank, died March 19, 1853. Philanda, born Sept. 4, 1791, died 
Nov. 27, 1813, a<;e 22. George, born Sept. 29, 1793, died at Springfield 
about 1836. Loice, born March 14, 1790, married Mr. Comstock, of Hart- 
ford. Demas, bora March 24, 1798, lived at Newark, New Jersey. Joseph 
Hutchins, born July 5, 1800. lived at New York. Polly Woolworth, born 
Nov. 30, 1802, married Lathrop Olmsted, died in Iowa. Lester, born 
April 4, 1805, died at Hartford. Angeline, born May 31, 1809, married 
Mr. Wentworrh, her second husband. Chauncy Goodrich, born July 3, 
1811, died April 5, 1812. Mary the mother of this family, died Oct. 10, 
1834, age 65. 



266 Longmeadow Families. [July, 

[Page 82.] 6th Generation. Abishai Colton, son of George and Sa- 
rah Colton, was married May 20, 1792, to Abigail Denison, daughter of 
William and Susannah Denison, of Strafford, state of Vermont. They 
were formerly of Stcnington, state of Connecticut. Their children — Ly- 
man, born March, 1793, died July, 1793. Aionzo, born Oct. 1794. Wil- 
liam Denison, born Jan. 21, 1797. Calvin Swan, born Sept. 18, 1799. 
Rufus, born Oct. 24, 1802. Amanda, born Nov. 29, 1804, died aged two 
years and 6 months. Adolphus, born March 12, 1808, died the 13th of 
April following. 

6th Generation. Julius Colton, son of George and Sarah Colton, was 
married to Sibyl Port, Nov. 1789. Their children — Calvin, born Aug. 26, 
1790, died April 20, 1799. Asenath, born Feb. 11, 1792. A son, born 
Sept. 7. 1793, died 29 of Dec. Fiavia, born April 3, 1797. Lucy, born 
Dec. 2, 1791. Julius, b. Jan. 24, 1801, died Dec. 28, 1824. age 24. Isaac 
W., bom Nov. 10, 1803. died Aug. 28. 1828. Thiam, born April 11, 1806, 
Sibyl, born Dec. 1, 1808. died 1816. Pamelia, born April 27. 1812. Sibyl 



the mother died Dec. io, 1840, age 



•> 



6th Generation. Dimon Colton. of Longmeadow, son of Ensign Simeon 
and Elizabeth Colton. was married January 19, 1809, to Lydia Rogers. 
She died Aug. 30, 1829, age 4-1. Their children — Lydia, born Jan. 26, 
1810, married Ezekiel Adams, of Springfield. Sophia Field, born Sept. 
20, 1811, married Justin Colton. Amelia Griswold, born Dec. 22, 1813, 
married Otis Chapman, of Springfield. Dimon, born Feb. 26, 1816, mar- 
ried Elizabeth D. Parker, 1851, Simeon, born Aug. 18, 1818. Moses 
Field, born Feb. 17, 1822. Elizabeth Almii a, born Oct, 25, 1827. L}dia 
Champion, born Jau. 26, 1810. 

[Page 83.] 6th Generation. William Merrick Colton, of Longmea- 
dow, son of Dea. William and Hannah Colton. was married Jan. 13, 1808. 
to Esther Ely, daughter of Judah and Anne Ely, of Wilbraham. He died 
Feb. 17, 1823, age 44. Their children — Hannah, born Oct. 17, 1808. 
William Ely, born Jan. 18, 1810. Chauney, born Nov. 21. 1811, and died 
aged eight hours. Eleanor Pomeroy, born May 4, 1814, died July 16, 1814. 
Jonathan, born Dec. 1, 1812, died Dec, 2. 1812. Eleanor Pomeroy, born 
June 26, 1815. Mercy Ely, sister of Ethan Colton, died Aug. 23, 1842. 
[ Vacant to page 92.] 

1st Generation. Benjamin Cooley appears to have been one of the first 
settlers in that part of Springfield called Longmeadow, and from whom 
descended all of that name in the country, as far as is known. His wife's 
name was Sarah. The time and place of their marriage is not known. 
Their children as recorded were — Bethiah, born Sept. 16, 1643. died Dec. 9, 
1711. Obediah, born Sept. 27, 1646, died Sept. 3, 1690. Elakin, born 
Jan. 8, 1648, died Dec. 1, 1711. Daniel, born' May 2, 1651, died Feb. 9, 
1727. Sarah, born Feb. 27. 1653. Benjamin, born Sept. i, 1656. died 
Nov. 29, 1731. Mary, born June 22, 1059. Joseph, born March 6, 1661, 
died May 20. 1740. The families of the son? are hereafter in this book 
recorded. Bethiah was married to Henry Chapin, Dec. 5, 1664. Sarah 
married Jonathan Morgan, Jan. 5. 1679. Mary married Thomas Terry, 
April 21, 1687. Benjamin Cooley the father died Aug. 17, 1684. Sarah 
his wife died Aug. 23. 1684. 

2d Generation. Obadiah Cooley, son of Benjamin and Sarah Cooley, 
was married Nov. 9. 1670, to Rebecca Williams. Their children — Rebec- 
ca, born Aug. 23, 1671. Sarah, born Aug. 3, 1673. Marv, born Dec. 9, 
1675. Obadiah, Lorn Aug. 1, 1678, died Oct. 6, 1764. Anna, born March 



1880.] The Petition of William Horsham. 267 

5,1681. Joseph, born Nov. 12, 1683, died Sept. 20, 1767. Jonathan, 
born June 28, 1636, died Aug. 2, 1752. Mary, married John Ferry. May 
28,1606. Obadiah the father died Sept. 3, *1 690. Rebecca the mother 
married agaiu to John Warner, Nov. 2-6, 1691. Anna married Nathaa Col- 
lins, published Jan. 21, 1711. They settled in Brimfield. Rebecca, wife 
of John Warner, died Oct. 18, 1715. The families of the sons, see pages 
94 and 95. 

[Page 93.] 2d Generation. Eliakin Cooley, sou of Benjamin and Sa- 
rah Cooley, was married March 12, 1679, to Hannah Tibbals. Their 
children — Hannah, born Dec. 24, 1679. Eliakin, born March 19, 1681, 
died Feb. 6, 1755. Mercy, born April 26, 1689. Hannah, married Heze- 
kiah Parsons, Feb. 20, 1701. Mercy, married John Morgan, Jan. 14, 1714. 
Eliakin the father died Dec. 1, 1711, in his 64th year. Hannah the mother 
died Dec. 16, 1711. 

2d Generation. Daniel Cooley, son of Benjamin and Sarah, was mar- 
ried Dec. 8, 1680, to Elizabeth Wolcott. Their children — Benjamin, born 
Oct. 28, 1681. Daniel, born March 23, 1683. Simon, born March 6, 1687. 
John, born Feb. 23,1689, died May 10, 1761. Thomas, born Jan. 23, 
1693, died Nov. 13, 1719, of the King's boil. Elizabeth, bom July 23, 
1696. William, born Aug. 12, 1698. The families of the sons may be 
seen hereafter. 96, 97, 98. Elizabeth married Joshua Field Dec. 15, 1719. 
Elizabeth the mother died Jan. 31, 1703. Daniel Cooley was married again 
Juue 17, 1709. to Lydia Burt, widow of Jonathan Burt. Daniel the father 
died Feb. 9, 1727, in his 76th year. Lydia died Jan. 31, 1739. 

2d Generation. Benjamin Cooley, son of Benjamin and Sarah Cooley, 
was married to Abigail Bag. Their children — Abigail, born Oct. 28, 1695. 
Lydia, born Sept. 6, 1706. Abigail, married Henry AYoolcott, Dec. 27, 
1716, page 228. Lydia, married Amos Stiles, Jan. 1, 1730. Benjamin 
the father died Nov. 1731, 29th dav. Abigail the mother died Jan. 27, 
1739. 

[To be continued.] 



THE PETITION OF WILLIAM HOESHAM, 1634. 

Communicated by John T. Hassam, A.M., of Boston. 

XyiLLIAM HORSHAM, of Manchester, was brought before 
* t the worshipful John Hathorne at Salem, on the 5th of July, 
1684, by Thomas Bishop and John Lee, constables of Manchester 
for the years 1683 and 1684 respectively, on the complaint, by them 
made, that on Monday the 30th of June, 1684, he resisted the for- 
mer constable " being vpon the Execution of his ofHcc in Collecting 
rates y* ware behind in his sayd yeare," and refused to pay the rates 
then demanded of him, K ' likewise bee swore several! tymes Sayeing 
gods wounds with many threatening Expressions besydes." He was 
bound over for trial at a court held at Salem July 29,1681, "for 
Bwaring Cursing abusing y e Constables & reproachfully speaking of 
y c Majestrates," and was convicted, the sentence of the court being 
"y t y e s' 1 Ilorsum pay ten pounds fine to y e County or bee whipt 
thirty stripes & to paye to y* 3 two Counstables abused twenty shillings 
vol. xxxry. 21* 



£68 The Petition of William Horsham. [July, 

p peice & Cost of Court." The papers in this ease are on file in 
Essex Court Files XLII. 23-34, and amon^ them is the following 
petition, which was not written by the petitioner himself, and is not 
in his handwriting, although the signature is an autograoh. 

" To the Honourab : Court Now Sitting In Salem 
The Humble Petion of William Horsham Sheweth whearas your poore 
^humfc: Petioner being In an Vnsober & ill frame of Spirritt haueing Com- 
mitt Soe Great a Crime as to Abuse the Authority of the Cum [?] In Soe 
Groose a Manner all though alltogeather Vnknaw" to me not Being then In 
my Right Minde butt doe Really beleeue I did Soe, I haue Grat Cause and 
am Hartly Sorry I should Committ Soe Great an offence to God and Mann : 
Earnestly desires that God will Neuer Leaue him to Committ any More 
Such folly ; and whearas the hon red : Court haueing Justly passed Sentence 
on your poore Petioner butt your hum^: Petitioner Being Verry poore & 
all togeather Strainger heare & Noe Relation [s] or friends to help (ail- 
though In England & Eles whare Seauerall of JNoe Mean Condition) Can- 
not procure the fine Layd on him & lo be Whipp will £uer be the Ruine of 
your humb: petitioner therefore humbly beggs your honers Consideracon In 
this Low oc poore Condition being destitute of friends heare Soe that he is 
Not able to procu[re] aboue Hue pounds therefore Earnesty desireres the 
honered Court to Mittigate his Offence to One halfe of the tine & your 
poo[re] petitioner Shall & will Euer pray for your lon[g] Life & pros- 
perity & for your Gouerment as itt Now is Circumstaned & Settled & 
wherein your poore petioner hath beene Wanting In Expressing his humil- 
ity & thankfullness desires the hon r [ ed ] Court to Contrue itt is for want of 
Words to Exp[ress] him Selfe & not for Want of Good desires your 
poore petitioner humbly Intreetes your Fauor. 

Dated In Salem from the place Your humfe Petitioner & Seruant 

of my Confinement -a, st 

July t le 31* 1GS4. ^^^/l>*U'JCtSn ^^jfrf^ 



The Court granted this petition and " ord d . y* five pounds of his 
fine be respited duringe y e Courts pleasure." He married Dec. 4, 
1684, Sarah, daughter of Samuel Allen, and his descendants are 
6et forth in the article on the Hassam family in the Register for 
October, 1870 (xxiv. 414). As an illustration of what is there 
eaid concerning the changes 
undergone by this surname, 



undergone uy ini6 surname, / /r q y * 

facsimiles of 'the signa- U^^tLt/'af/ioii^ 

tures of Captain Jonathan —V ** * " ^ ^ 

TT 3 /I TA.l 17SU 1 W^ 



Hassam 3 (1702-1754) and Salenij Jan . 26> m7 _ 8> 

Captain Jonathan 

Hassam 4 (1784- j ^yp 

1859 j. the son and <7j^&&foffl' &b q/k&rflS 

great grandson or y^J /y 

the petitioner, are /\f £/ 

here added. Naples, Aug. 20, 1809. 



1880.] 



Taxes under Andros. 



269 



TAXES UNDER GOV. ANDROS. 

Communicated by Walter Lloyd Jeffries, A.B., of Boston. 

[Continued from vol. xxxlii. page 163.] 

No. VII 
Town Rate of Charlestown. 
A list of the names w th the Rates of y e Inhabitants of Charlestowne to 



a single Country rate made by 


virtue of i 


. warrant from y e 


Country Trea- 


surer John Usher Es<j r to y e Selectmen and Commission 7 


of S d Charles- 


towne as p r warrant under his hand, Dan 11 Phipps Commission 1, & Seal 


Aug st 2L1688. 




Heads. 


Estate. 


James Russell Esqr ..... 3 


12 


M r William. Stilson 












4 


Edward Pain 












3 4 


Elias Stone 












1 8 


L u Randall Nickolls 












8 


John Nickolls 












2 


Will. Marshall 












4 


Rich* Wait 












2 6 


Edward Wilson 












3 8 


Sam 11 Austin 












2 


John Fosdick 












8 


. M r John Phillips 












15 


Sam 11 Blunt 












3 


Tho. Banfield 












2 


Rich' 1 Marting 












4 6 


Henery Swain 












2 


Joseph ^ike 












2 


John Ravner 












3 4 


Dan 11 Smith 












5 


W m Vine 1 












2 6 


John Smith 












3 


[torn] Smith 












1 


Sam 11 Letnan 












2 6 


Joseph Ryull 












3 6 


John Trumball 












3 6 


Steph. Gery 












2 


Jn° Edmister 












i 8 


M r Sam 11 Ballatt 












12 


Lt John Cutler juu r 












9 


Endigo Potter 












1 8 


John Hinksman 












1 8 


M r W in Foster 












5 


Jn° Can dig 












2 


Steph: Waters 










2 


4 9 


j Rich. Tailor 










2 


3 6 


* John Ever ton 
I 

i 










1 


2 



270 



Taxes under Andros. 



[July, 













Heads. 


Estate. 


Jacob Alley ..... 1 


2 


W m Johnson 












2 


Tho: Sheppie 












1 8 


Nath: Brigclen 












2 


Michael Brigden 












2 


M r John Herbert 










2 


5 


Tho Waff 












2 


Benjamin Lathrop 












2 


John Blany 












3 4 


M r Sam 11 Hayman 












15 


Tho Hett 












9, ' — ' 


W m Everton Sen r 












3 'o 


W m Everton jim r 












3^3 


W m Ilnrry sen r 












2 . 6 


^Y m Hurry jun r 












1 9 


Wid: Eliz: Edmands 












1 6 


Edward Wyar jun r 












2 6 


Isaac Fowl 












3 


WMVelsted 












2 6 


John Edes 












3 


John Dammon 












2 


Thorn: Benoet 












1 9 


Joseph Kettle 












4 6 


John Newell jun r 












2 


Tho Adams Sen 1 












6 


Tho Adams jun r 












1 9 


Tho Barber 












2 


Edward Loyde 












1 9 


Jacob Hard 












4 3 


Allex: Phillips 












2 


James Capeu 












2 6 


Tho Vee 












1 8 


M r Jacob Green jun* 












9 


W m Sheaf 












2 


M r Andr: Belcher 










2 


12 


M r Edward Collins 








^ 




[torn] 6 


M r Jn° Soley 












W m Jamison 










2 


4 


Benjam: Mirick 










1 


2 


Nath: Adams 










2 


4 


Fownell Euerton 










1 


1 8 


Tho Carter jun r 










1 


2 


Widdow Cutler 












2 3 


Alex. Logan 


— -* < 










1 8 


Edward Larkin 










1 


2 


C. Sam" Huntine 










1 


2 6 


M" Sarah Allen 










1 


2 


John Tyler 










1 


2 


Sam 11 Pliiops 










1 


3 


Timothy Phillips 










2 


4 6 


John Sweat 










1 


3 9 


Joseph Bachelor 










i 


1 8 



1880.] 



Taxes under Andros. 



271 



Rich Austin 

Wid. Soley 

Charles Chambers 

Eleazer Phillips 

Tho Rand 

Rich Foster 

Capt. Rich Sprague 

W m Walley 

John Jones 

Sam 11 Dowse 

Aaron Ludkin 

Widd: Daudley 

Dan 11 Edmands Wid 

Nath Dowse 

Tho Smiths House & Est. 

Christop h Gooding jun r 

Widd: Math. Griffin jun 

Zachar: Johnson 

Nath Rand 

Caleb Carter 

John Simpson 

Widd. Barrett 

Joseph Pratt 

JS T ath: Kettle 

John Brigden 

John Call Sen r 

Isaac Mirick 

Jonathan Kettle 

Enoch More 

M r Philip Knell 

Tim Cutler 

Math Griffin Sen r 

Tho: Lord 

Rob* Wallis 

John George 

George Luke 

W m Baxter 

Sam 11 Wilson 

L* Jno Cutler Sen r 

Ebenezer Austin 

[torn] Stacy 

Steph Codman 

Luke Perkins 

Nich Lobdell 

Tho: Shurin 

John Knight 

Wid: Mary Long 

John Chamberlain 

Widd. Davis 

Tho. Graves Esq r 

M r Samuel Miles 

John Row 



Heads. 

2 

1 
1 
2 
2 
1 
1 
1 
3 
1 



Estate. 




3 


4 


3 


3 


2 


3 


4 


6 


3 


9 


4 


6 


15 





2 




3 


9 


5 


6 


4 





1 


9 


[torn" 




2 


6 


4 





3 


4 


6 


o 


8 





2 


9 


4 


6 


1 


6 


2 


o 


2 


9 


2 





6 


6 


1 


8 


1 





1 


8 


6 





4 





2 





7 





2 


o 


4 





1 


8 


2 





2 





4 


o 


2 


9 


2 





3 





2 





2 





1 


8 


4 





3 


o 


5 


9 


1 





4 





1 


8 


9 






272 



Taxes under Andres, 



[July, 



James Kellin 

Andrew Robbinson 

Wid. Rebek. Jenner 

Edward Johnson Sen 1 " 

Wid. Sarah Long 

Zech. Long 

M r John Carter 

Capt. Laur. Hammond 

M" Elizabeth Tuck 

Mathew Cassell 

Ebener: Orton 

Sam 11 Lord 

John Walker 

Sam 11 Kettle 

Joseph Lynde 1 

John Newell Sen r 

Peter Nash 

Doctor Edwards 

Abel Benjamin 

M r Nathaniel Cary 

M r Tho: Clarke 

Edward Johnson jun r 

Jacob Waters 

John Penny 

Laur: Dowse 

Nath: Davis 

Hopewell Davis 

Jn° Rand 

John Melvin 

Rob: Luist's Est 

Isaac Johnson 

Jonathan Cary 

Wid: Cary 

Joseph Pliipps 

Jonath: Simpson 

Tho: Carter Sen r 

M r Jacob Green Sen r 

Jnohn Whitemore jun r 

Josiah Wood 

Solomon Phipps 

Benjamin Sweetzer jun r 

James Kibby's house & Estate 

John Lowden 

Tho White jun r 

Andrew Stimpson 

Nath. Frochingham 

Nathau Dunklin 

Edward Wyer Sen r 

Robert Wver 

Tho White Sen r 

Mary Hudson 

Laur Waters 



Heads. 
1 


Estate. . 

1 8 


x 


2 




3 




1 




3 




3 6 




4 




5 




2 6 




2 6 




1 8 




3 




1 8 




4 




15 




4? 
2 S 
2^6 


Y 


2 


3 


12 




2 6 


, 


2 




2 6 




1 


j 


3 6 


■j 


2 3 




3 6 

8 




3 9 


1 


1 

2 9 


-j 


3 6 




6 




3 6 


1 


3 6 


-. 


3 
5 




2 3 




5 




8 




3 6 




1 3 




2 




1 8 




2 9 




6 6 




1 8 




1 




[torn] 




6 


i 


1 R 



1880.] 



Taxes undzr Andros. 



273 



1 










Heads. 


Estate. 




Pet: Frothingham ..... i 


6 




Rich d Lowden 










2 


8 




Nath. Hutchinson 










3 


12 


6 


John Call jun r 










1 


2 




Thomas Call 










1 


2 




W m Richardson 










1 


9 




James Lowden 










2 


9 




Joseph Whitemore 










1 


3 





Xopher Goodwin Sen r . 












1 


6 


Ralph Mousell 










1 


1 


8 


Jonathan Crowch 










1 


2 




M r John Fowl 










2 


10 




W m Brown 










1 


2 


6 


Abraham Fowl 












1 





Pet: Fowl 










2 


9 




John Mousall Sen r 










1 


5 




John Mousell jun r 










1 


5 




Tho Welch jun r 










1 


3 


3 


Th.o: Mousell 










1 


5 


6 


Paul Wilson 










1 


2 




Sam 11 Griffin 










1 


9 

u 




Fran: Shepperd 










1 


1 


9 


Jn° Whitemore Sen 1 " 










1 


3 




James Davis 










1 


1 


9 


Thomas Marrable 










1 


4 


6 


James Turner 










1 


2 


i — i 

p 


John Foskett 










2 


4 


o 


Tho: Foskett 










1 


5 


i i 


Andrew Mitchell & Stock 








3 


15 




Sam 11 Whitemore & Farm Sto 


ck& 


heads 




3 


2 




Tho Cresswell 








1 


9 




James Miller 








2 


12 




Roger Ililiard & ward's '. 


Sstate 


■ 






1 


8 


6 


Edward Brasier 
Tho Welch Sen r 










1 


2 












2 


10 




John Kent 










1 


7 





Jn° Kent jun r 










1 


1 


8 


Tho: Sheppardjun r 










1 


4 




Tho Pearse 










1 


7 





Jonathan Pearse 










1 


3 


6 


John Pearse 










1 


1 


8 


John Smith 










m 


1 


8 


Mark Athys Estate 












3 




Patrick Mark 










3 


12 




Joseph Frost 










1 


4 




Benan 11 Bowers 










1 


10 


6 


John Watsons Land 












1 




W m Dicksons Land 












2 


6 


Tho. Phillebrown Sen r 










1 


3 





Tho. Phillebrowu juu r 










1 


2 


4 


Rich Cutters Land 












1 


8 


Widdow Cooks 














o 
O 



274 



Taxes tender Andros. 



[July, 



Heads. 



Estate. 



Sam 11 Cooks 














3 


[torn] Pattens Land . 














3 


Joseph Rnssells . . 














6 


Jason Russells 














3 


William Russells 














3 


Tho: Halls 














3 


Lieut Winships 














6 


John Swans 














4 


Gershom Swans 










1 


5 




John Adams 














10 


Will: Bulls 














6 


Will: Cutter 














3 


Robert Wilsons 
















Widdow Dunsters 














4 


Gershom Cutters 














6 


Tho Shepperd Sen r 










2 


8 




George Blancher 










1 


6 


6 


Joseph Blancher 






t 




1 


6 





Joshua Blancher & his F 


ather 


j livk 


g 




1 


5 


6 


Peter Tufts 










1 


18 




Thomas Gery 










1 


3 





Andrew Phillips 










1 


2 


3 


John Gold juu r 










1 


5 


6 


Dan 11 Gold . 










1 


5 


6 


Math: Smith Sen r 










1 


2 


9 


Math: Smith jun r 










1 


2 


6 


Tho: Cutter 










1 


2 


i — i 


W m Simmes Esq r 










2 


10 


3 


Rich Gardiner 










2 


12 


iZLj 


W m Johnson Esq r & Far 


m 








1 


6 


6 


Tho: Burdens Land 












1 




Joses: Bucknam 












2 




Anna Pratt 










! o 








Steph Piarrett 










i 


3 


10 


Edw Barlow 










i 


3 




Tho Barlow 










i 


3 




Joseph Stowers 












1 


3 


John Greenland 












3 


6 


Wid. Whitemore 












5 


6 


Jn° Marable 












5 


6 


Stephen Pain 










2 


10 




Benjamin Sweetzer Sen r 










2 


11 




Richard Stowers 










1 


11 




John Serjant 














6 


Rich d Pratt 












2 


6 


John Cice 












3 


6 


Daniel Whitemore 












2 


3 


Sam 11 Cowdill 












2 


S 


Humphrey Bradshaw 












1 


8 


James blander 












1 


8 


John Foster 












1 


8 


Joseph Mirick 












1 


8 



1880.] 



Taxes under Andros, 



275 



David Jenner 
John Kettle 
Tho: Brazier 
William Rogers 
Francis Hammond 
John Braekenbury 
James Smith 
Nathaniel Call 
Norton Long 
M r Sam 11 Marshall 



Heads. 


Estate. 




1 


4 




1 


1 


8 


1 


1 


8 


1 


1 


8 


1 


1 


8 


1 


2 
[torn] 


6 


1 


1 


8 


1 


3 





Charlestowne Single Country Rate [torn] 
Aug st 21 st 1688 

Attest [torn] p y e Comisson r to y e Shire Town 
by A. A. S. P. R. & Comission r 

The Sum Totall Heads Estates 

319 £55 19s lOd Errors Excepted 



Joseph Cooke Sen r 
Peter Hayes Sen 1 " 
James Con vers Jun r 
Tho Greenwood 
Joseph Tompsen Sen r 
John Whitmore 
Joseph Wilson 
Sol oman Keyes 
John Mors 
James Knapp 

5 Sep 4 16S8 



Comissr* 



Charlestowne Constables this year 
M r John Rowe 
James Capen 
Christopher Goodwin 
William Brown 



Charlestown Rate 
£55 19 10 

John Rowe 
James Capen 
, Christopher Goodwin 
W m Browne 
1688 



Constat/ 



VOL. xxxiv. 



25 



-^"^o^^. of s f (?wve&>uy c^-$gJp qvJ?£}ff- (0^t<^ v L^ 









J^i(QfJ^^^C^ cX^^ % * M £, ^<& ^^ 



0L 




WLcl*. yis-rtf- C^J^f> ** • rrr&~Z — » 



1880.] Marriage Certificate of John Tucker. 277 



MARRIAGE CERTIFICATE OF JOHN TUCKER, 1G88. 

Communicated by Edward T. Tucker, M.D., of New Bedford, Mass. 

njpIIE following marriage certificate of John Tucker and Ruth 
iL Woolly, of Shrewsbury, N. J., is interesting as showing the 
form of these certificates as well as the manner of conducting the 
marriage ceremony among Friends in the seventeenth century. A 
reduced fac-simile of the document is given on the opposite page. 
The document is written on half of a foolscap sheet untrimmed. The 
size of the writing is ten inches by seven and a half inches. 

The signatures to the certificate have an interest, also, as they con- 
tain the names of George Keith and John Barclay. The former, 
without doubt, was the noted Quaker disputant who figures promi- 
nently in the history of the Society of Friends towards the close of 
that century, and who was then in New Jersey. The latter, we have 
good reason to believe, was brother of Robert Barclay, author of 
"An Apology for the Quakers." 

John Tucker died in Dartmouch, Mass., in 1751, aged 95. His 
wife Ruth survived him and died in 1759, aired 9(3. 



This is to Sertifie the truth to all People y* John Tooker of the Town of 
Shrowsbery and Ruth Woolly of the same place in the County of Mon- 
moth & Prouince of East new Jersey in America; Haueing Intentions of 
Marriage According to the ordinance of sod: did lay itt before the Men & 
Wumens meeting before whome theire Marriage was Propounded. & then 
the Meeting desireing them to waite for A Time & so they querying be- 
twixt the time whether that the man was free from any other woman & slice 
free from ; ny other man ; so A second time they Coming before the mens 
& Womens Meetings ail things being Cleare, A Meating of the said people 
of god; was appointed where they took one Another in the house of Ju- 
dah Allen ; in the Presence of god & in the Presence of his People ; 
According to die Law of god & the holy men of god in the Scriptures of 
Truth. & to line faithfully together man & wife as Long as they line; This 
2o th day of the second Month 1688 : And wee whose names are hearevnto 
Subscribed are Wittnesses &c. 

John Tucker 

John TToolIey Ruth Tucker 

Judah Allen Hannah Slocom 

Remembrance Lippincott Meribah Siocuni 

Restore Lippincott Margrett Lippincott 

Nathanel Siocum Abigaell Lippincott 

Jacob Lippincott Margreet HartsHorne 

George Keith Ann Potter 

Thomas Potter Grace Lippincott 

John Chesshire Mary Allen 

John Lippincott Marey Woolly 

John Barclay Hannah lippincott 

Ephreim Aliin Agnes Sharpe 

Easter Vickers 



























) 














































278 The Cumberland Cruiser. [July, 



THE CUMBERLAND CRUISER. 

Communicated by the Rev. B, F. De Costa., of New York City. 

THE following letters were found by the writer among the Hal- 
dimand MSS. of the British Museum. They appear to be of 
interest, as covering a lost chapter in the history of the New Eng- 
land Navy. No other American ship of war ever bore the name of 
"Cumberland." except the famous ship that went down in Hamp- 
ton Roads. Some one interested in this particular department 
would, no doubt, be able to give the history of Captain Collins, but 
the writer contents himself by laying the papers before the readers 
of the Register without any attempt at an introduction. 

Cooper, in his Naval History (p. 178), says, under the year 
1779, " Capt. Manly was compelled to seek service in a privateer 
called the Cumberland, owing to the want of ships in the navy, in 
this vessel he was captured by the Pomona frigate." This indicates 
the manner of the disappearance of the " Cumberland ; " and it 
agrees with Emmons, who speaks of the "Cumberland, 16 [guns]. 
Captured by th^ Pomona frigate, carried into Barbadoes, where the 
offieers and crew were imprisoned ; failing to obtain their paroles, 
they finally effected their escape to Martinico, and thence to the 
U. S." — Emmons's History of the IT. S. JSTavy, page 132. See 
also Register, xxv. 365. Other details no doubt are accessible. 

Little Mecatina August 23 d 1778. 
To Mr. Grant or whom it may concern — 

Having taken a tour on the Labradore Coasts I have visited several 
of your posts, and agreeable to the rules of War Viz, The rule the Britain 
has adopted in her present savage war agaiust America, have destroyed 
your works for the Seal fishery, leaving the dwelling houses, provisions & 
every necessary for the support of the poor people who may occupy them, 
having no disposition to destroy poor innocent individuals. I hearby wish 
the Subjects of the King of Britain had retained so much of the humanity 
they were formerly possessed with, as to have proceeded in the same line 
of conduct, hut alas ! so far from that, they have not only burned the habi- 
tations of the poor & inoffensive inhabitants of America wherever it has 
been in their power, hut have stripped the clothes of their backs in the most 
inclement season of the year. We abhor such savage like proceedings, and 
only aim at weaking the sinews of an unjust & cruel war wickedly com- 
menced against America. — Upon the whole whatever is destroyed of your 
interest, you have only to thank your famous Lord North &c. &c. I have 
given the whole of what is not destroyed to the poor men in the present 
possession of them, hoping you will at least surfer them to enjoy a moiety 
without lett or hindrance, as it is for their sakes alone it is spared. 
I am gentlemen your most H. servant 

Commander of the 
Signed James Collins -\ Cumberland Ship of 

War belono-in? to America 



1880.] The Cumberland Cruiser. 279 

N. B. That we have not given away houses & lands before we have 
them in possession as Mr. Grant was pleased to dispose of those belong- 
ing to Americans, as encouragement to the Canadians, to join the British 
Army together with their good friends the savages, in order to butcher the 
inhabitants of America. Helpless mothers and innocent babes not excepted. 

J. C. Signed. 

[Haldimand Papers, Add. MSS. Vol. 21893, fol. 87.] 

The fore^oin^ was endorsed as follows : 

By His Exc'y Frederic Haldimand Esq r Governor of the Province of 
Quebec, General & Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Forces in the 
same and Frontiers thereof &c &c &c. 

I certify that the original letter of which the foregoing is a copy, was 
represented to me by and remains in the possession of William Grant, Esq. 
of St. Roc to whom it is addressed. — Given under my hand this 21 8t Octo- 
ber 1779. 

The foregoing letter, with its postscript transferred to the body 
of the letter, also appears in the same volume of MSS. [fol. 90], 
addressed, under date of Aug. 28th, 1778, to Messrs. Grant & 
Perrault, being signed, 

( your humble servant commander 
James Collins ■< of the Cumberland Ship of 
( war Belonging to America. 

Fol. 91 of the same volume of Papers also contains a copy of the 
above letter to Mr. Grant of August 23d, endorsed as follows : 

The above is a copy from a copy transmitted me by my agent at Meca- 
tina. Mr. Collins was not so good as be says respecting the " dwelling 
Houses." On three posts belonging to me, Great Mecatina, Little Brador, 
and Mutton Bay, he only left die house standing, with provisions only for 
nine men for about two months, at the end of which it was expected that 
the Winter Fishing vessels would arrive from Quebec. 

St. Augustin & Notagamia, two other posts in which I am interested, he 
also destroyed, Little Mecatina belonging to Mr. Simon Frazer, and it is 
said some fisherys of Mr. Lymburens. Signed, William Grant 

Quebec 3 d Nov. 1778. 



Another endorsement states that the Cumberland carried 22 mm 



Fol. 89, we have the following in Capt. Collins's hand : 



cr 



Great Mecatina august 26 th 1778 

Mr. Pearson 
Sir The to [sic] men of your post at pakaasuax [?] have fell into my 
hands. I found on examination that you are of the french Nation who are 
our friends and allies and notwithstanding you are at present under they 
[sic'] arbitrary and oppressive government of great Britain I Have not 
suffered the least Damage to Be Done your interest. We have treated all 
the kenediuns at they Several posts Belonging to Mr. Grant as our own 
Brothers and make no Doubt But they will do us the justice to acknow- 
ledge the same on their arrival at Quebec. As to Mr. Grants Interests we 
have partly followed the Example of the British have Sett us in the pre- 
vol. xxxiv. 25* 



280 



Capt. Hugh Masons Gravestones, 



[July, 



sent Savage War Commenced and carried on with un Remitted fury against 
america. I have sent you a copy of what I have wrote to Mr. Grant 
which point out to you the Distinction we make between our good friends 
and allies and our unnatural and worse than Savage Enemies. If you are 
not a Detested tory I am with Due Respect 

Sir your most humble Servaut, 

James Collins Commander of the comberland 
ship of War Belonging to 
Ammerica. 



A 




CAPT. HUGH MASON'S GRAVESTONES. 

Communicated by Bexjamin Osgood Peirce, of Beverly, Mass. 

MONG the monuments of our early times, two gravestones, now 
standing in the old AVatertown burying ground, are on several ac- 
counts somewhat noteworthy. They are of rather a coarse granitic schist, 
such as I have seen no where else in the vicinity, of about twenty-one inches- 

and eighteen inches in. 
width respectively, and are 
placed one at the head' 
and the other at the foot 
of the grave of one of the 
distinguished early settlers 
of the town, Capt. Hugh 
Mason. 

The lettering (consid- 
ering the difficulty that 
such material presents to 
nice workmanship) is re- 
markably good. I have 
spent a considerable time 
and labor in uncovering 
and decyphering the in- 
scriptions, that of the foot- 
stone especially being very 
difficult to read, from the 
fact that parallel with it 
and within a very short 
distance has been placed 
a much broader stone pro- 



££RE LIEH y BODY" OF 



CAP HVGPI MASON WHO 
DECEASED OCTOBER YX 
/ 6 7 8 ANNO JETPCTIS 73 
PE BATmSTlOVGIT OF DEATf 
IN LIFESTNCEKTENTIE 

NOW 

HAH DO VPTLESSE A LIE E 
TiAT BRING ETERNITY 

Head Stone. 



jecting on both sides, while 
from the settling of the stones and the natural accumulation of soil, the 
lower part (the three lower lines and a large part of the fourth of the in- 
scription) was quite under ground. This accounts for the omission of the 
last two lines from Harris's '» Watertown Epitaphs." The general ap- 
pearance of these stones, and their inscriptions, are shown by the cuts here 
presented. 

Hugh Mason and Kis wife Hester, or Esther, embarked for New England 
at Ipswich, England, April 30, 1634, in the Frances, John Cutting, master. 
He settled at Watertown, and, March 4, 1634-5, was admitted freemau 
of Massachusetts. He was Selectman of W. for many years, and deputy 












. 









1880.] 



Capl. Hugh Mason s Gravestones. 



281 




to the general court ten years. 
By his wife Esther, who died 
May 21, 1692, aged 32, he had 
eight children. A genealogical 
account ot his descendants will 
be found in Bond's Watertown. 
A fuller genealogy, by the late 
Thaddeus" William Harris, M.D., 
librarian of Harvard Univer- 
sity, is preserved in manu- 
script by his family. A copy by 
his son, Edward D. Harris, Esq., 
now of New York city, was pre- 
sented by him, in 1872, to the 
*Sew England Historic, Genea- 
logical Society. 

In this connection I may make 
mention of a curious document 
discovered a short time since 
among some loose papers in the 
court-house at Cambridge. It 
bears no date, but announces to 
Foot Stoxe. the court the choice, on the part 

of the " traine baud," of Lieu- 
tenant Mason as captain, and Sergeant Beeres as lieutenant, and then gives 
the names of forty-one persons who, according to an endorsement, had 
" taken the oath of fedelity at Watertowne." A reference to the court 
records shows that the appointment of Captain Mason and Lieutenant 
Beers was confirmed 5 (2) mo. 1G53. The document is as follows: 

" Let this honored court know that wee the traine band of Watertowne 
have chosen Leeutenant Mason to be our captaine and sergent Beeres to 
be our Leeutenant. 

u Here is also the names of certaine men whom upon this occasion haue 
taken tl e oath of fidelity. 



M'HVGH MASON 
CAT OF*" TRAINE BAND 
IN -HIS TOWN AGED 
73yEARSmD OCTOBER 
"FSX/67S J£ OR 

I-ER?TOOKS J-EREON 
LIVE FOR TO LEARNE 

THAT DIE. "HOVMVST 
AND AFTER COME 

TO JVDGEMENT JVST 



Sammuell Stratton seneor 
Sammuell Stratton junior 
John Stratton 
John Knop 
William Preese 
Joseph Child 
John Boarden 
Steeuen Paine 
John Cloise 
Sammuell Woode 
Mathew Smith 
Danniell Warren 
John Page 
Sammuell Dannieli 
Richard Child 
Edward Sanderson 
Jonathan Whitney 
John Pearce 
Richard Smith 
John Couledg 
Henry Spring 



Richard Bloise 
John Coller 
Antony Beeres 
Frances Bowman 
Sammuell Beniamin 
Abraham Williams 
Isack Mixser 
Sammuell Barnard 
John Spring 
James Knop 
Nicolas Cady 
John Barnard 
Thomas Pratt 
Robert Harington 
Thomas Leeson 
John Traine 
Thomas Straite 
John Bush 
John Fiske 
John Biggaioitgii" 



&82 The Edgerly Family. [July, 



THE EDGERLY FAMILY. 

Communicated by James A. Edgerly, Esq., of Great Falls, N. H. 

1. Thomas Edgerly, probably the progenitor of all of the name of 
Edgerly in this country, emigrated from England and landed at Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, in 1665. He was received an inhabitant of Oyster River, 
Township of Dover (now Durham), 4< ye 19 th of January 1665." He 
took the oath of fidelity " At a training ye 21 8t of June 1669," and was 
admitted freeman " at a countie court held at Portsmouth ye 15 th of May 
1672." He was one of the justices before whom the Rev. Joshua Moody 
was tried for nonconformity in 1674, and lost his commission soon after for 
dissenting to the opinion of the majority of the court convicting Mr. Moody. 

At the memorable attack on Oyster River settlement by the Indians on 
the 18th of July, 1694, his son Zachariah was killed, his garrison house 
was destroyed, and he was taken prisoner, but soon after escaped. The 
date of his death is not known, but he was living in 1715, when he deeded 
all his lands to his son Joseph. 

He married Sept. 28ih, 1665, Rebecca, widow of Henry Hallowell and 
daughter of John and Remembrance Ault of Oyster River. Their child- 
ren were : 

2. i. Thomas, b. 1666; in. Jane Whedon. 

3. ii. Samuel, b. 1663 ; m. Elizabeth Tattle. 

4. iii. John, b. 1670; m. Elizabeth Rawlings. 

iv. Zachariah, b. 1673 ; killed by Indians, 1694. 

v. Rebecca, b. 1675; m. Aaron Hutcote, of Oyster River. 

5. vi. Josei'H, b. 1677 ; m. Mary Greene. 

2. Thomas 2 Edgerly {Thomas 1 ), born in 1666 ; married Dec. 3, 1691, 
to Jane AYhedon. He lived at Oyster River until June 6, 1700, when he 
moved to Exeter, where he died 1719. His children were : 

i. John, b. 1693 ; killed by Indians in 1691. 

ii. Acicail, b. 1695; m. John llutchins, of Durl: m. 

iii. Mary, b. 1697 ; m. Thomas Kelly, of Brentwood. 

6. iv. Samuel, b. 1700. 

7. v. Joseph, b. 1702 ; m. first, Sarah Rawlings — second, widow Sanborn. 

3. Samuel* Edgerly (Thomas 1 ), born in 1668. He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Capt. John Tuttle, of Dover Neck, in 1695, and resided 
at Oyster River, where he died in 1726. His children were : 

i. Dorothy, b. 1697 ; m. James Durgin, of Durham. 

S. ii. John, b. 17C0 ; ra. Elizabeth \V r akeham. 

iii. Elizabeth, b. 1702 ; m. Elder John Amble, of Durham. 

9. iv. James,, b. 1701; m. Elenor Sawyer. 

v. Judeth, b. 1709 ; m. Jonathan Durgin, of Durham. 

vi. Samuel, b. 1713; died 1733. 

10. vii. Moses, b. 1716 ; m. Mary Kent. 

4. Jonx 2 Edgerly (Thomas 1 ), born in 1670. He married Elizabeth 
Rawlings in 1700, and lived at Oyster River. He died in 1750. His 
children were: 

i. Elizabeth, b. 1701 ; m. Benjamin Durgin, of Durham, 

i 11. ii. John, b. 1703 ; m. Hannah Ambler. 

12. iii. Zachariah, b. 1705 ; m. first, Joanna Drew— second, Susan Taylor. 
* 



1880.] The Edgerly Family. 283 

iv. Joseph, b. 1706 ; m. Hannah Lear. 

v. Alice, b. 170S; m. Joseph Biekford, of Durham. 

vi. Hannah, b. 1710 ; m. James Langley. 

5. Joseph 2 Edgery (Thomas 1 ) , born 1677, and married Mary Greene 
in 1712 and lived at Oyster River. He died there in 1752. His child 
was : 

i. Frances, b. 1717 ; m. Joseph Wheeler, of Durham. 

6. Samuel 3 Edgerly (Thomas, 3 T/iomas 1 ), born 1700. He married 
and lived in Brentwood, N. H., where he died in 1769. His children were: 

i. Samuel, b. 1727; died unm. in 1751. 

ii. Thomas, b. Sept. 10, 1729 : m. Catherine Phillips. 

iii. Jonathan, h. 1731 ; m. Betsey Steel. 

iv. Joh.v, b. 1733 : died 1739. 

v. Elsey, b. 1735; m. John Kimball, of Meredith. 

vi. Benjamin, b. 1737 : m. Mary Holt. 

vii. Joseph, b. 1739; died in infancy. 

viii. David, b. Sept. 15, 1711 ; m. Dorothy Holt. 

7. Joseph 3 Edgerly (Thomas, 2 Thomas 1 ), born in 1702, lived in 
Stratham, X. II. ; married in 1736 Sarah Rawlings, and in 1757 lie mar- 
ried widow Sanborn, who died in eleven months. His third wife was 
Judeth Currier. He died in 1777. His children were: 

i. Anna, b. 1738; m. Thomas Drake, of Eppuig. 

ii. Zeberlon, b. 1740; m. Deborah Colcord. 

iii. Sarah, b. 1743 : m. Samuel Martin, of Decrfielcl. 

iv. Abigail, b. 1747; m. Benjamin Towle, of Raymond. 

v. Josiah, b. Jan. 8, 1750 ; m. Sarah Elliott. 

8. John 3 Edgerly (Samuel, 2 Thomas 1 ), born 1700. Pie married 
Elizabeth Wakehim in 1730. and lived in Durham, N. H. His wife died 
Aug. 1, 1774, and he died April 11, 1784. His children were : 

i. Abigail, b. July 19, 1732 ; died unmarried, 
ii. Samuel, b. April 13, 1735; m- Olive Dame. 

13. iii. James, b. April 13, 1737 ; m. first, Jennie Phillips— second, widow 

Kent, 
iv. Jonathan, b. April 11. 1739 ; m. Sarah Dc?. 
v. Judeth. b. June 26, 1741 ; m. Thomas George, of Lee. 

14. vi. Caleb, b. Dec. 29, 1743 ; m. Abia Cilley. 

15. vii. Thomas, b. Jan. 6, 1745 : m. Agnes Phillips, 
viii. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 15, 1747; m. Joseph Durgin, of Durham. 

9. James 3 Edgerly (Samuel 2 Thomas 1 ), born in 1704; married first, 
widow Elenor Sawyer in 1730, and moved to Gloucester, Mass., where 
his wife died in 1734. He married Rachel Stanwood in 1736, and died 
soon after. He left no children. j 

10. Moses 3 Edgerly (Samuel, 2 Thomas 1 ), born 1716 ; married Mary, 
daughter of John Kent, of Durham, N. II., and lived in Durham, where 
he died in 1785. His children were : 

16. i. Moses, b. 1737 ; m. first, Polly Thompson—second, Elizabeth Wedg- 

wood. 
ii. EBENEZER.b 1742; m. Tarason Smith. i 

iii. James, b. 1744 ; died young. 

11. John* Edgerly (John 2 7/iomas 1 ), born 1703; married Hannab 
Ambler in 1737, and lived in Durham, N. II. The date of his death is not 
known. He had one child : 

i. Joshua, b. 1739 ; m. Mary Weeks. 



284 The Edgerly Family. [July, 

12. Zachariah 3 Edgerly (John, 2 Thomas 1 ), born in 1705, and lived 
in Durham. He was twice married and had four children by his first wife 
and three by his last. First married Joanna Drew, May 11, 1727 ; second, 
Susanna Taylor in 1759. He died in 1780. His children were : 

i. Ruth, b. 1729; m. James Brown. 

ii. Olive, b. 1732 ; in. Moses Copp. 

iii. Jon.wb. 1735 ; m. Sarah Chestley. 

iv. Daniel, b. 1737 ; in. Hannah Wheeler. 

v. Jonathan, b. 1760 ; went to Canada. 

vi. Susannah, b. 17H3 ; m. Josiah Burleigh. 

vii. Samuel, b. June 3, 1763 ; in. Lydia S. Johnson. 

13. James 4 Edgerly (John, 3 Samuel, 2 Thomas 1 ), born April 13, 1737 ; 
married Jennie, daughter of Andrew Phillips, of Kittery, Maine, in 17G4. 
She died in 1772, and in 1774 he married widow Rachel Kent (maiden 
name Carlisle). He was at the battle of Bunker Hill, and served three 
years in the revolutionary war. In 1785 he moved from Durham to Mil- 
ton, N. H., and from there to Brookfield in 1790, and to Wolfboro' in 1814, 
where he died in IS 15. His widow died in 1819. His children were : 

i. Tamson, b. March 1, 17fi5 ; m. John Doe, of Alton. 

ii. Deborah, b. Nov. 7, 1766; m. James Richardson. 

iii. Agnes, b. Sept. 3. 1768 ; ra. Josiah Robertson. 

iv. Ji'df.th, b. Feb. 6, 1770; m. Joseph Ferrin, of Alton. 

v. Elijah, b. Jan. 4, 177*2 ; died in infancy. 

vi. Jane, b. Oct. 28, 1775 ; m. James Cotton, of Wolfboro'. 

17. vii. Daniel, b. July 10, 1777 ; m. Abigail Deland. 

14. Caleb 4 Edgerly (John, 3 Samuel, 2 Thomas 1 ), born Dec. 29, 1743 ; 
married Abia Cilley, of Salisbury, in 17G4, and resided in New Durham 
and Alton, where he died in 1825, and his widow in 182G. His children 
were : 

i. John, b. Sept. 15, 17fifi ; m. first, Alice Alard— second, Setic Nute. 

ii. Benjamin, b. May 14, 1709; m. Mary Sanborn. 

iii. Daniel, h. Sept. 11, 1771 ; died young. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 15, 1773; m. Ebenezer Willey. 

18. v. Jeremiah, b. May 13. 1770; m. Betsey Leighton. 

vi. Mercy, b. Jan. 11, 176*2 ; m. first, Dr. John (albert — second, Joseph 
Ferrin, of Alton. 

15. Thomas 4 Edgerly (John 3 Samuel 2 Thomas 1 ), born Jan. 6, 1745; 
married Agnes Phillips, of Kittery, Me., in 1767, and lived in Durham. 
New Durham, Alton and Farmington. He died in 1815. His children 
were : 

19. i. Josiah, b. July 12, 1709 ; m. MaryTash. 

ii. Andrew, b. March 13, 1772 ; m. Elizabeth Tash ; moved to Exe- 
ter, Me. 

20. iii. Thomas, b. Dec. 4, 1773 ; m. Hannah Libhey. 
iv. Betskv, b. Aug. 5, 1775 ; in. Samuel Mitchel. 
v. Eunice, b. May 19, 1777 ; m. Andrew Toby. 
vi. Susan, b. Feb. 22, 1780 ; died unmarried. 
vii. Sarah, b. Oct. 3, 1782; m. David Richards. 

21. viii. John, b. Jane 8, 1784 ; m. Nancy Watson. 

22. ix. William P., b. Oct. 12, 1787; m". Anna Chase. 

16. Moses 4 Edgerly (Moses 3 Samuel, 2 Thomas 1 ), born in 1737 •, 
married Polly Thompson in 170.0, and lived in New Market, N. H. His 
second wife was widow Elizabeth Wedgwood, whom he married in 177.5. 
He died in 1799. His children were : '■ 



1880.] 



The Edgerly Family. 



285 



i. Moses, b. 1761 : in. Love Thompson, 

ii. Ebenezer, b. 1765 ; m. Betsey Dargin. 

iii. Nathaniel, b. 1767 ; died young. 

23. iv. Joseph, b. 1769; m. Sarah W. Colbath. 

v. Dorotht, b. 1771 ; in. Richard Kent, of Durham. 

vi. Polly, b. 1773 ; in. Samuel Drew, of Durham. 

vii. Ann Elizabeth, b. 1776 ; m. Bradbury Jewell, of Sandwich. 

17. Daniel 5 Edgerly {James? John? Samuel, 2 Thomas 1 ), was bora 
July 16, 1777, and married Abigail Deland, daughter of Darnel Deland, of 
Brookfield, in 1803. 

He moved to Wolfboro' in 1814, and resided there till his death in 1848. 
His children were : 



24. i. James, b. March 13, 1S04 ; m. Nancy H. Wedgwood. 
Mary, b. May 5, 1805 ; m. Hezekiah Tibbets. 
Hannah, b. Jan. 1, 1607 ; died unm. 1633. 
Daniel, b. April 9, 1609 ; unmarried 1679. 
Abigail, b. March 9, 1811 ; died unmarried 1S70. 
Sarah, b. Not. 12, 16l3 ; unmarried 1879. 
Jane, b. July 4, 1317 : m. H. W. Morgan. 



n. 

iii. 

iv. 

v. 

vi. 

vii. 



years. 



25. viii. John C, b. Nov. 21, 1820; m. Jane Deland. 

18. Jeremiah 5 Edgerly ( Caleb, 4 John? Samuel, 2 Thomas 1 ), was born 
in New Durham May 13, 1776, and married Betsey Leighton in 1801 and 
lived in New Durham and Alton. His wife died Sept. 8, 1836, aged 54 
He died March 8, 1852, aged 76 years. His children were : 

i. Jerry, b. 1802; m. Elenor Allard. 
ii. Walter, b. 1804; m. Anna C. Stone. 
iii. Betsey, b. 1S09 ; m. Lewis Jones. 
iv. Mary T.,b. 1611 ; ra. Samuel Gray. 

v. Hiram \Y., b. Sept. 8, 1814 ; m. first, Joanna Randall — second, Harriet 
Yea ton. 

26. vi. David L., b. April 18. 1818 ; in. first, Olive Place— second, Almira 
Chamberlain — third, Attilla S. Winslow. 



19. Josiah 5 Edgerly (Thomas? John? Samuel, 2 Thomas ), was 

in New Durham July 12, 1769 ; married Mary, daughter of Col, Tl 



ts born 
noma? 
Tasl , of New Durham, Julv 12, 1793. He moved to Farmiiigton in 1808, 



where he died, Feb. 26, lJ 



His children were: 



i. Thomas T., b. Jan. 21, 1794; m. Sarah Roberts. 

ii. Polly, b. 1796; died young. 

iii. Harriet B., b. 1798 ; died unmarried. 

iv. Josiah B., b. Aug. 14, 1600 ; m. Cordelia Waldron. 

v. Priscilla, b. 1802 ; m. Joseph Roberts ; d. 1840. 

vi. Maria S., b. 1604; m Amasa Jones. 

vii. Clarissa H.. b. 1606 ; m. Gen. Jeremiah Roberts. 

viii. Polly, b. 1808 ; died unmarried. 

ix. Martha, b. 1811 ; m. R. R. Hayes. 

x. Sarah, b. 1813; m. Joseph Roberts. 

xi. Ann F., b. 1815; m. Israel Hayes. 

xii. Emily H., b. 1819 ; m. John Barker. 



20. Thomas 5 Edgerly ( Thomas? John? Samuel? Thomas 1 ), was bom 
in New Durham. Dec. 4, 177;3, and married Hannah Libby in 1797, and 
lived in New Durham, Alton and Milton, where he died in 1844, aged 71 
years. His children were : 

i. George W., b. 1799; m. Martha Knox, and lived in Milton. His 
children were: — 1. Elbridge R. C? b. 1823, died young. 2. Mar- 
tha A.? b. 1825, d. young. 3. Charles IV., 7 b. Jan. 23, 1828, m. 
Maria Wentworth. 4. Es telle B.? b. 1831 ; m. E. W . Ira vers. 



286 The Edgerly Family. [July, 

ii. Martha W.,b. 1301; died unmarried. 

iii. Alvah, b. 1804 ; in. Elizabeth Tash. 

iv. Mary C., b. 1806 ; died unmarried. 

v. Ester I., b. 1809; died unmarried. 

vi. David B., b. 1811 ; m. Lydia Hodsdon. 

vii. Lydia M..b. 1814; m. Leonard Kicker. 
viii. Abraham L., b. 1817; died young. 

ix. Elias S., b. 1820 ; m. Mary M. Leighton. 

x. Hiram V. R., b. 1824 ; in. Lydia A. Knox. 

21. John 5 Edgerlt ( TJiomas? John? Samuel. 2 Thomas*), was born in 
New Durham, June 8, 1784, and married Nancy Watson in 1809 and lived 
in Alton and Wolfboro*. He died in 1841, aged 57 years. His children 
were : 

i. Charles G., b. July 24, 1813 ; m. first, MaryS.Wiggin — second, Mary 

E. Doe. 
ii. Jonx, b. Oct. 29, 1815 ; m. Eliza Caverly. 
iii. Anthony \V., b. Feb. 3, 1819 ; killed on railroad in 1852. 
iv. Adeline M., b. June 15, 1822; died Nov. 3, 1812. 
v. Albert L., b. June 10, 1825; m. Nancv Hersey. 
vi. Aurf.lia P., b. Nov. 13, 1827; died Oct. 3, 1841. 
Yii. Albina N., b. March 14, 1831 ; died Feb. 27, 1847. 

22. William P. 5 Edgerly ( Thomas* John? Samuel, 12 Thomas 1 ) was 
born in Alton, Oct. 12, 1787, and married Anna Chase. He lived in Tuf- 
tonboro', where he died in 1871. His children were : 

i. Betsey, b. 1811; died young. 

ii. Jerome, b. 1813; died young. 

iii. Irene, b. 1815 ; m. Bradstreet Doe. 

iv. Lewis C, b. 1817 ; m. , of Sidney, Me. 

v. William P., b. 1821 ; died in 1850. 

vi. Cyrus L., b. 1821, of Somcrville, Mass. 

23. Joseph 5 Edgerly [Moses* Moses? Samuel? Thomas 1 )* was born 
in New Market in 1769, and married Sarah W. Colbath in 1793, moved 
to Wolfboro' in 1S00, and died therein 1828. His children were: 

i. Joseph, b. Aug. 24, 1794 ; m. Sarah Furbcr. 

ii. Curtis C, b. Dec. 15, 1795; in. Hannah Allard. 

iii. Moses, b. Oct. 15, 1797 ; m. first, Sarah Stillings— second, Elenor 

Wentworth. 
iv. Bradbury, b. April 15, 1801 ; m. Polly Cate. 
v. Statira, b. July 7, 1804 ; m. Stephen Giles. 

vi. Nathaniel G., b. April 10, 1S09 ; m. first, Mary Furber — second, . 

vii. Dudley, b. Oct. 29, 1812; m. first, Eliza Hacket — second, Sophia 

Ayers. 

24. James 6 Edgerly [Daniel? James? John? Samuel? Thoma? 1 ), was 
born in Brookfield March 13, 1804 ; married Nancy H. Wedgwood (born 
Dec. 24, 1812, died Sept. 29, 18GG) Oct. 20, 1843, and resided in Wolf- 
boro' until 18G5, when he removed to Great Falls, N. H. His children 
are : 

i. Hannah J., b. Aug 3, 1844 ; m. J. A. Weeden. 

ii. James A. (compiler of this genealogy), b. May 15, 1840 ; admitted to 
the bar in 1874 ; nuw practises law in Great Falls, N. H. ; m. An- 
nie A. Wood, Nov. 19, 1874. 

iii. Lydia A., b. Oct. 21, 1847 ; unmarried 1879. 

iv. Eliza R., b. July 22, 1850; unmnrried 1879. 

v. Samuel T., b. Dec. 16, 1852 ; in. Isa belle Bragdon. 

vi. Eilma F., b. Aug. 30, 1854 ; m. G. E. Carbart. 



1380.] Tke Edgerly Family. 287 

25. John C. 6 Edgerly (Daniel,* James, 4 John, 3 Samuel, 2 Thomas 1 ), 
was born in Wolfboro,' Nov. 21, 1820 ; married Jane Deland in 1849, and 
resides in Woifboro'. He has one child : 

i. John- W.,b. July 25, 1866. 

26. Rev. David L. s Edgerly (Jeremiah, 5 Caleb* John, 3 Samuel? 
Thomas 1 ), was born April 18, 1818, and lived in New Durham and Alton. 
He married first, Olive Place in 18-36, who died April 22, 1848, at the age 
of 31 years. He married second, Almira B. Chamberlain, July 22, 1851, 
who died Feb. \S, 1869, aged 37 years. His third wife was Attilla J. 
Winslow, to whom he was married Sept. 27, 1870. His children are : 

i. Daniel \V\. b. June 2G, 1637; m. Ellen Aurilla Hanson, March 26, 
1664, and resides in Farmington. His children are : — 1. Lilla 
E.s b. Jan. 7, 1665. 2. Daniel W.* b. Oct. 21, 1675. 

ii. David M., b. Aug. 11, 1839 : m. Caroline L. Cooper. 

iii. Charles E., b. April 12, 1843 ; d. March 7, 1863. 

iv. Sarah E., b. Aug. 4, 1S45 ; d. Oct. 2, 1873. 

v. George Vy ., b. Sept. 3, 1853; m. Georgiauna Garland. 

vi. Almira V., b. May 3, 1855. 

vii. Mary C, b. Feb. 8, 1857. 

viii. Arthur M., b. Jan. 30, 1859. 

ix. Betsey A., b. Jon. 30, 1861 ; m. Edward Chamberlain. 

x. Clara E., b. Jan. 6, 1863. 

xi. Samuel I., b. Feb. 18,1868. : 

xii. Josiah \V\, b. Aug. 8, 1672. 

xiii. Charles L., b. July 27, 1674. 

27. Thomas T. s Edgerly (Josiah 5 Thomas* John, 3 Samuel, 7 Thomas 1 ), 
was born in New Durham, Jan. 21, 1794, and married Sarah Roberts in 
1813 and resided in Farmington. He was Register of Deeds for Strafford 
County in 1839-1840-1841." Pie died Feb. 1, 1848. His children were: 

i. James IL, b. Jan. 29, 1814 ; m. Eraeline Roberts. Sept. 29, 1841. Hia 
children are :— 1. Thomas H., H b. AprH 3, .1844. 2. Emma A., 8 b. 
Dec. 15, 1646. 3. Sarah Z., 8 b. Nov. 18, 1649; died April 9, 
1877. 4. Frank IV., 8 b. Feb. 91, 1652. 5. James E., s b. June 
23, 1854. 6. Royal AT., 3 b. March 5, 185S. 

ii Sylvester, b. Feb. 27, 1816 ; d. May 19, 1855. 
. . iii. Mary A., b. Jan. 10, 1619: d. Sept. 6, 1833. 

iv. Martha A., b. July 1, 16-26; m. E. J. Mathes. 

v. Sarah A.,b. May 5, 1830 ; m. Royal K. Monroe. 

28. Josiah I>. 6 Edgerly (Josiah 5 Thomas, 4 John, 3 Samuel, 2 Thomas 1 ), 
was born in New Durham, Aug. 14, 1800, and married Cordelia Waldron, 
Jan. 31, 1833, and resides in Farmington. His second wife was Eliza J. 
Hayes, to whom he was married Feb. 5, 1856. His children are : 

i. James B., b. Jan. 29, 1834 ; m. Marcia J. Fernald. 

ii. Eliza \V\, b. Sept. 16, 1835 ; d. Oct, 9, 1837. 

iii. Henry I., b. Nov. 4, 1838 ; m. Sarah A. Whitten. 

iv. George P., b. Sept. 9. 1840 ; d. Nov. 15, 1664. 

v. Cordelia A., b. May 10, 1844 ; m. Thomas F. Cook. 

vi. Winfield S., b. May 29, 1846; m. Grace C.Blum. 

vii. Mary, b. July 12. 1849 ; d. May 25, 1850. 

vrii. Mary A., b. July 15, 1857; unmarried in IS79. 

vol. xxxiv. 26 









. 
























28S The Great Boston Fire of 17 GO. [July, 



THE GREAT BOSTON FIRE OF 1760. 

Communicated by Peter E. Vose, Esq., of Dennysville, Me. 

rjniTE following extract from " Green & Russell's Boston Post- 
X Boy & Advertiser," No. 136, issued March 24, 1760, gives 
an account of the destructive fire in Boston, March 20, 1760. 
On the margin of this copy of the Post-Boy and Advertiser is 
written, in the handwriting of William Cooper, the famous town 
clerk of Boston, "Account of the Great Fire in Boston, March 10, 
1760 p W. Cooper." It seems from this that he was the author 
of this account. Christopher Kilby, of whom a memoir will be 
found in the Register, vol. xxvi. pp. 43-8, on hearing of this fire, 
sent the town of Boston £200 sterling for the sufferers. The name 
of Mackerel Lane was changed soon after to Kilby Street in honor 
of him. 

Boston, March 24. 

Between XT and XII o'Clock at Noon on Monday last, a Fire broke out 
at the West Part of the Town, New-Boston so called, by some Accident, 
whereby a Joiner's Shop was consumed, and a large Dwelling-House ad- 
joining thereto was, a great Part of it, destroyed, and many Things therein 
burnt; and several other Houses much damaged in the Neighbourhood : 
The Wind blowing very high at N. East, it was a considerable Time before 
it was extinguished. The Roof of the West-Meeting-House catched on 
Fire in several Places — But by the Dexterity of the People, and a constant 
Supply of Water, a Stop was at length put to it. And, 

On the Day following, between X and XI o'Clock, in the Forenoon, a 
Store at the upper End of Mr. Griffin's Wharf, the Chamber of which 
was improv'd as a Laboratory by the Detachment of His Majesty's Train 
of Royal Artillery now here, catched on Fire by some Accident; the Fire- 
soon got to some Powder that was therein, whereby the Building blew up, 
and some of the Implements, Small-Arms, and Stores, were destroyed ; 
tho' the Damage to the Train was not so great as it has been reported, or 
as it was at first imagined to be ; four or five Men, who were at work in the 
Time of the Explosion, were wounded, and two of them very much burnt : 
— In the under Part of the Store, a Variety of Merchandize, Provisions, 
Salt, &e. belonging to Mr. Griffin, were consumed or damaged, which, with 
the Building, makes the Loss very great to him. — A Carpenter's Shop was 
burnt, and a Blacksmith's much damaged : — This last was between the 
Place where the Fire began, and the Warehouses on the lower End of the 
Wharf, wherein were deposited the chief of the Artillery-Stores ; but the 
Wind being moderate, and a Plenty of Water, the Tide being up, a Com- 
munication of the Flames with those Stores was, by the Vigilance of the 
People, seasonably prevented : One or two of the Granado Shells, a few 
Small-Arms went off during the Fire : But, thro' the Divine Favour., no 
Lives were lost. The Explosion was so great at first that a considerable 
Shock was felt even to the extreme Parts of the Town. 

But the 20th of this Instant March will be a Day memorable for the most 



























' 






1880.] The Great Boston Fire of 1160. 289 

terrible Fire that has happened in this Town, or perhaps in any other Part 
of North-America, far exceeding that of Octo. 2, 1711, till now termed the 
great Fire. It began about Two o'clock in the Morning in the Dwelliug-House 
of Mrs. Mary Jackson and Son at the Brazen-head in Cornhill, but the 
Accident which occasioned it is yet uncertain. The Flames catched the 
Houses adjoining in the front of the Street, and burnt three or four large 
Buildings, a Stop being put to it there, at the House improved by Mrs. 
West on the South, and Mr. Peter Gotta on the North ; but the Fire raged 
most violently towards the East, the Wind being strong at N.W. and carried 
all before it ; from the Back Sides of those Houses. — All the Stores fronting 
Pudding-Lane, together with every Dwelling- House, from thence, Except- 
ing those which front the South-side of King-Street, and a Store of Mr. 
Spooner's on Water-Street to Quaker-Lane, and from thence only leaving 
a large old wooden House, and the House belonging to the late Cornelius 
Waldo, Esq; it burnt every House, Shop, Store, out-House, &c. to Oliver's 
Dock : And an Eddy of Wind carrying the Fire contrary to it's Course, it 
took the Buildings fronting the lower Part of King-Street, and destroyed tho 
Houses from the Corner opposite the Bunch of Grapes Tavern, to the Ware- 
house of Mess'rs Box and Austin, leaving only the Warehouse of the Hon. 
John Erving, Esq; and the Dwelling-House of Mr. Hastings, standing; the 
other Brick- Warehouses towards the Long-Wharf, were considerably dam- 
ag'd. — On the South-East Part, the Fire extended from Mr. Torrey's, tho 
Baker, in Water-Street, and damaging some of Mr. Dalton's new Shops, 
proceeded to Mr. Hall's working-House, and from thence to Milk-Street, and 
consumed every House from the next to Mr Calfe's Dwelling-House, to the 
Bottom of the Street, and the opposite Way from Mr. Dowses's included, it 
carryed before it every House to Fort-Hill, except the Hon. Secretary 
Oliver's, and two or three Tenements opposite ; as also every House, Ware- 
house. Shop and Store, from Oliver's Dock along Mr. Hallowell's Ship-Yard. 
Mr. Hallowell's Duelling-House, the Sconce of the South-Battery, all the 
Buildings, Shops and Stores on Col. Wendell's Wharf, to the House of Mr. 
Hunt Ship-Builder. — So that from Pudding-Lane, to the Water's Edge, 
there is not a Building to be seen, excepting those on the Side of King-Street 
and those mention'd above, all being in Ashes. — Besides which, a large 
Ship, Capt. Eddy late Master, lying at Col. Wendell's Wharf, and two or 
three Sloops and a Schooner were burnt, one laden with Wood, and ano- 
ther with Stores of considerable value. We have thus mark'd the Course 

of those Flames which in their Progress consumed near 400 Dwelling- 
Houses, Stores, Shops, Shipping, &c. together with Goods and Merchan- 
dizes of almost every kind, to an incredible Value ; — but it is not easy to 
describe the terrors of that fatal Morning, in which the Imaginations of the 
most calm and steady, received Impressions that will not easily be effaced. 
At the first Appearance of the Fire there was little Wind, but this Calm 
was soon followed with a smart Gale from the North-West, then was be- 
held a perfect Torrent of Fire bearing down all before it, in a seeming In- 
stant, all was Flame — ,and in that Part of the Town where was a Magazine 
ot Powder — The Alarm was great and an Explosion soon followed, which 
was heard and felt to a very great Distance ; the Effect might have been 
terrible, had not the chief Part been removed by some hardy Adventurers, 
just before the Explosion ; at the same time Cinders and Flakes of Fire 
were seen flying over that Quarter where was reposited the remainder of 
the Artillery Stores and Combustibles, which were happily preserved from 
taking Fire. 



290 



The Great Boston Fire 0/1760. 



[*%. 



The People in this and the neighboring Towns exerted themselves to an 
uncommon Degree, and were encouraged by the Presence and Example of" 
the greatest Personages among us, but the haughty Flames triumphed over 
our Engine?, — our Art, — and our Numbers. The distressed Inhabitants 
of those Buildings, now wrapped in Fire, scarce knew where to take Refuge 
from the devouring Flames ;— Numbers who were confined to Beds of 
Sickness and Pain, as well as the Aged and Infant, then demanded a com- 
passionate Attention ; they were removed from House to House, and even 
the dying were obliged to take one more Remove before their final one. 

The loss of Interest cannot as yet be ascertained, or who have sustained 
the greatest ; it is said that the Damage which only one Gentleman has re- 
ceived cannot be made good with £2000 Sterling ; it is in general too great 
to be made in any Measure by the other Inhabitants, exhausted as we have 
been by the great Proportion this Town has borne of the extraordinary 
Expences of the War ; and by a demand upon our Charity to relieve a 
Number of Sufferers by a Fire not many Months past, a partial Repief] can 
only now be afforded to these miserable Sufferers, and without the com- 
passionate Assistance of our Christian Friends abroad, distress and ruin 
may cmite overwhelm the greatest Part of them : and this once flourish- 
ing Metropolis must long remain under its present Desolation. 

In the midst of our Distress we have great cause of Thankfulness, that 
notwithstanding the continuance and rage of the Fire, the Explosion at the 
South Battery, and the falling of the Walls and Chimnies, Divine Provi- 
dence has so Mercifully ordered it, that not one Life has has been lost, and 
only a few wounded. 

The following is from a List of the Persons who dwelt in the Houses, 
which are now consumed, which was taken by the Assessors in November 
last, and altho' it may not be exact, so that it can be determined who are 
the greatest Sufferers, yet it may serve until a more compleat Account be 
given. Several Widows and a few others are probably omitted, which we 
could not come to the Knowledge of, and some of those that are inserted 
wrong placed, which our Readers will excuse. 



CornhiU. 
Mrs Marv Jackson & Son 
Widow McNeal 
Mr Jonathan Mason 
Mrs Quick 

Pud ding- Lane. 
Mr Wm Fairfield 
— Rogers 
Mr John Sterling 
Mr George Glen 
Mr James Steward 
Widow Marshal 
Mr Edinond Dolbear 

Upper Part of Water- Street. 
Mr Henry Laughton jun 
An old House empty 
Mrs. Grice 

An empty House of Mr Cazncau 
Mr William Palfrey 
Mr Jose ph .Richardson 
Mr Dinley Wing 
Mr Benja Jeffries 



Mr John Dmant 

Lawson 

A large Currier's shop 

Quaker Lane. 
Mr William Uyslop 
Mr Sampson Salter with a Brewhouse 
Capt Robert Jams 
Mr Daniel Ray 
Friend's Meeting House 

Towards Oliver's Dock. 
Mr David Spear 
Mr Thomas Bonnet 
Mr William Baker 
Mr Ebenezer Dogget 
Mr James Barnes 
Mr Daniel Henchman 
Mr Joseph Marion 
Mr Thomas Hawkins 
Shops & Barns opposite 
"Widow Savel 
Mr James Thompson 
Mr Hu^h Moore 



1880.] 



The Great Boston Fire of 1760. 



291 



Widow Davis 

Mr Nicholas Tabb 

Mr Michael Carrol 

Two Tenements of free Nergoes 

Mackrel Lane. 
Mr John Gardner 
Mr John Powell 
Mr Vincent Mundersol 
Mr Hasleton Barber's Shop and a Gun- 
smith's 
Mr Edraond Perkins 
Mr James Perkins 
Several Chair-maker's Shops 
Mr James Graham 
Capt Atherton Haugh 
Mr John Doane 
Capt Benoni Smith 
Mr Samuel Bangs 
Mr .Daniel Remoek 
Mr George Perry 
Mr Paul Baxter's Shop 
Mr Benjamin Salisbury 
Mr Nicholas Dyer 
Mr Wm Stately 
Mr Peter Airs 
Mr Francis Warden 
Mr Benjamin Phillip's Store 
Mr McNeal's Sail-Loft 
Mr Pa If ivy's ditto 
Mr Putter's Coopers Shop 
Mr Davis Blacksmiths ditto 
Mr James Graham's ditto 
Fish-Market 
Mr Sowersby's Shop 
Mr Read's ditto 
Mr Harris's ditto 
Mr Mellus'a ditto 
Mr T. Palfrey's Sail Loft 
Widow Brailesford 
Mr John OsboxQ 
Mr bed Cross 
Mr Isaac Dafforn 

The Lower Fart of Water Street. 
Mr William Torrey 
Mr Jacob Bueknam 
Mr James Beaton 
Mr Nicholas Lobden 
Mr John Rice 

A Blaksmith's, Carpenter's and Chaise- 
maker's Shop 
Mr Thomas Palfrey 
Mr Thomas Hartley jun 
Mr Edraond Mann 
Col. Thwing 
Mr James Tiiwing 
Widow Noyes 
Mr Edraond Quincey jun 
Mr Thomas Walley 
Widow Parrott 
Mr Benja Parrot 
Mrs Stevenson 
Mr Thomas Read 
\ Air Thomas Read jun 

vol. xxxiv. 26* 



Mr Brackley Read 
Mr Robert Williams 
Mr James Tucker 
Mr John Fullerton 
Capt Nath Winslow 
Mr Joseph Webb, jun 
Barnard & Wheelwright's Shop and 
Stores adjoining. 

Milk-Street <5f Battery March. 
Mr Hall's & Messir's Calei's Tan-Houses 
Mr Thomas Barnes 
Widow Giffen 

Jones 

Waters 

Mr Nathan Foster 

Mr Thomas Speak man 

Mr VVm Freeland 

Mr Isaac Hawse 

Hon. John Osborn Esq; 

Willow Brown 

Mr Oliver Wiswall 

Mr Caleb Prince 

Mrs Mary Oliver 

Joseph Dowse, Esq; 

Mr David Burnet 

Mr Edward Stone 

Andrew Oliver jun. Esq; 

Mr John Powell 

Mr Edward Davis 

Mr — Masters 

Mr Thomas Masters 

Mr Benja Cobb 

Mr James Orill 

Mr John Pierce 

Mr Ebenezer Cushing 

Mr Eb Cushing jun 

Mr James Rickord 

Mr Joseph Uran 

Mr Joseph Putraan- 

Mr Stephen Fullertoa 

Mr John Province 

Mr Andrew Gardner 

— Finnesey 

Mr Andrew Lepair 

Mr Samuel II ewes 

Mr Increase Blake 

Capt Edward Blake 

Benjamin Hallo well, Esq; 

Mr Daniel Ingersol 

Two Blacksmith's and 2 Boat-builders, 

and sundry other Shops 
Mr Thomas Salter 
Mr Peter Bourn 
Widow Perkins 
Mr Nath Eddy 
Mr Joshua Sprigg 
MrZephaniah Basset 
Mr John Boyce 
Mr Jaeob Ridgway 
Mr James Moore 

Maggot 

Mr W m fullerton 

Hill 

Mr John No well 



29! 



The Great Boston Fire o/1760. 



[July, 



Mt Wm. Cox 

Mr Isaac Pierce and Distil Hous e 

A Bake House 

Mr Benjamin Frothingham 

Mr Edward King 

Mr John GifFen 

Mr Bright 

Mr Thomas Spear 

Capt Killeran 

Mr Isaiah Audebert 

Mr Ed. Brattle Oliver 

Mr Matthew Salter 

Mr Joshua Bowles 

Mr James Phillips 

Mr Isaac Wendell 

Mr John Allen 

Wallis 

Wilson 

All Stores, Shops Sec on Col. Wendell's 
Wharf, 



King- Street. 

Mr John Stevenson, the Corner of Mack- 
rel-Lane 

Widow Foster 

Mr Simon Eliot 

Mr Peck, Glasier 

Mr John Green 

Mr James Lamb 

Widow Checkley 

Mr John Wheatly 

Mr John Jepson 

Mr Benja Jepson 

Mr Thomas VVhite 

Mr Hezekiah Cole 

Mr Goodwin's Shop 

Mr John Peck's Shop 

Messirs Apthorp & Gardiner's Ware- 
house 

Mr John Knight's ditto 

Mr Barth Cheever's ditto 

Where the Fire was stopt. 



There is upwards of 60 Dwelling-Houses, Shops and other Buildings 
consumed, besides those mentioned above, which we have not Time to insert 
in their proper Places. 

The Light of the Fire was seen at Portsmouth, which is the farthest 
Place we have as yet heard from ; and the Explosion occasional by the 
Gun-Powder at the South-Battery was heard at Hampton, and many 
other Places, and was tho' by many to be an Earthquake. 



The same newspaper contains the following articles relating to the 
fire : 

The following is a Copy of a Vote passed the Great and General Court on 
the 22d instant. 



Attest. 



A. Oliver, Se 



The House taking into Consideration that part of his Excellency's speech 
respecting the calamity brought on the town of Boston in the late fire, and 
it appearing on the best information that could in so short a time be obtain- 
ed, that there was consumed 17-4 dwelling-houses and tenements, and 175 
warehouses, shops and other buildings, with a great part of the furniture, 
besides large quantities of merchandize, and the stock and tools of many 
tradesmen ; that the loss upon a moderate computation, cannot be less than 
£100,000 sterling : And it further appearing that the number of families 
inhabiting the aforementioned houses were at least 220 — three quarters of 
whom are by this misfortune rendered incapable of subsisting themselves, 
and a great number of them are reduced to extreme poverty, and require 
immediate relief. 

VOTED, That his Excellency the Governor be desired to send briefs 
throughout the province, strongly recommending the unhappy case of the 
sufferers to the inhabitants, and calling upon them for a general contribu- 
tion, to be paid into the hands of the Select-men. and Overseers of the poor 
of the town of Boston, to be by them distributed as they in their discretion 
shall judge proper. 

And inasmuch as the necessities of many demand a mere speedy succour. 
it is further voted, That there be advanced and paid out of the public trea- 



1880.] Halloicell and its Library. 293 

sury, into the bands of the Select-men and Overseers aforesaid, the sum of 
Three Thousand Pounds out of the money raised by Excise the year past. — 
The said Select-men and Overseers to lay an account of the money raised 
by the public contribution before this court, and of their distribution there- 
of, and of the sum received out of the public treasury. 

We are informed that several well spirited Gentlemen at Salem and other 
Towns, on hearing the distress'd Condition of the Poor People that were 
burnt out, immediately sent several Necessaries for their Relief. 

We hear that the Woman who was overtaken in Travail, and deliver'd in 
the open Air on Fort Hill, in the Time of the late dreadful Fire, is likely 
to do well. 

Several Gentlemen who made Calculations of the Loss sustained by the 
late Fire, suppose that it cannot be less than 300,000 Pounds Sterling. 

We hear his Excellency the Governor has wrote Letters to the several 
Governments on the Continent, setting forth the distressed Condition of the 
Inhabitants by the late terrible Fire, and desiring their Assistance for the 
Relief of the unhappy Sufferers. 

Messi'rs Printers, 
As there has been a very unhappy Fire in the Town which broke out at 
the Houses of Mrs. Mary Jackson and Son, and Mrs. McNeal, on which a 
Report has been spread thro' the Town that it was owing to the Carele^ness 
of the Maid-Servant of Mrs. Mary Jackson and Son, by putting hot Ashes 
in a Hogshead, which Report is without Foundation, for a Number of Per- 
sons were in the Cellar at the Time the Houses were on Fire and saw the 
Hogshead entirely sound, and not the least Fire near it; but how the Fire 
happen'd is uncertain, but thought by the Sufferers to be by Accident^ and 
not to any one's Neglect. 



HALLOWELL AND ITS LIBRARY. 

By Samuel L. Boardman, Esq., of Augusta, Maine. 

HALLOWELL is a beautiful little city of some four thousand inhabi- 
tants, located in one of the most attractive sections of the Kennebec 
valley, two miles below Augusta, the capital of Maine. It was settled in 
1754, and early became a place of considerable trade and importance. 
Ship-buildiug was largely carried on here for many years, and business with 
the interior towns was extensive. Among'- its early residents were many 
persons of wealth and education, including Dr. Benjamin Vaughan and his 
brother Charles Vaughan, two finely-educated Englishmen, John Merrick, 
Prof. Amos Nourse of Bowdoiu College, Dr. John Hubbard, afterwards 
governor of Maine, and many others. The first academy established in the 
then District of Maine was incorporated in 1791, and located here, "at 
which time," says Mr. John Ward Dean, in his memoir of John II. Shcp- 
pard,* " Hallowell was the seat of more wealth and culture than any other 
point in Maine, except, perhaps, Portland. The library of Dr. Benjamin 
Vaughan is said to have contained ten thousand volumes, it being nearly as 
large as the library of Harvard College at that time, and probably far 

* See Register, vol. xxvii. 33o. 















' 












294 Hallowell and its Library. [July, 

richer in the advanced literature and science of the day." Mr. John Mer- 
rick also possessed an extensive library, which was arranged in cases or 
"presses" built into each side of the large hall in his residence. Many 
men, afterwards distinguished in literature and politics, received their train- 
ing at the old Hallowell Academy, and as the above named gentlemen were 
very liberal in the use of their books, it is safe to say that many who be- 
came famous writers and scholars owed much to the aid derived from these 
books, and from the encouragement and society of their owners. And it 
was out of the spirit which secured the establishment of the Hallowell 
Academy, and gathered large private libraries, that sprung the " Hallow- 
ell Social Library," an association numbering some fifty gentlemen, which 
was organized in January, 1842, "for the purpose of establishing a public 
library" in that (then) town. It was a subscription library, the use of which 
was limited to those who had become either life or annual members by the 
payment of specified sums ; and among its rules was one providing that 
"no theological works of a sectarian character" should be purchased. 
There had previously existed in the town a " Common School Library " 
of twenty-five volumes, and these were purchased by the new association. 
In one year after the organization of the library it numbered 527 volumes, 
which had been obtained by purchase and donation. In 1847, by reducing 
the annual fee for the use of the books, the library practically became a 
Public Library, and has so continued to the present time; the modest an- 
nual assessment placing its advantages within reach of almost every family. 

The library continued to increase gradually from year to year, and in 
1859 it received from the heirs of the late John Merrick a considera- 
ble collection of books belonging to his library. The year following 
Charles Yaughan, Esq., conveyed to the library a brick store in the busi- 
ness portion of the town, the rental of which was for many years annually 
devoted to the purchase of books, and when sold the proceeds were made 
the commencement of a permanent fund for the benefit of the library. 
This now amounts to $2,000, the interest of which and the annual sub- 
scription fees and assessments give a sum of about $200 annually for the 
purchase of books. 

The " Hallowell Social Library " — for this is the corporate name of the 
library company — holds an election annually, the present officers being : 
President, A. D. Knight; Clerk, C. A. Cole ; Treasurer, I. F. Mc Clench ; 
Librarian, Miss Annie F. Page; Directors, J. De Wolfe Smith, A. D. 
Knight. Henry V. Emmons, H. F. Harding, H. K. Baker. All services 
are rendered gratuitously. Formerly a small sum was paid an assistant 
librarian, but for the past seven years, during the entire term of the present 
librarian's ofiiee, the services of a paid assistant have been almost entirely 
dispensed with. 

During the past dozen years an average of one hundred volumes annually 
have been added to the library, which now comprises something like five 
thousand volumes. It can best be described as a collection of miscellane- 
ous books in history, travels, biography and general literature. jS t o special 
attention seems to have been given, in purchasing, to make any one de- 
partment full or strong, but all departments are fairly balanced, the addi- 
tions representing an average selection of the new issues from year to year, 
fiction and juvenile literature naturally holding a leading place. Still, an 
examination of its shelves will show that it possesses many important works 
not common in circulating libraries of the present day, some of which were 
included in the Vaughan and Merrick beauest.s. On occupying its new 



1880.] Hallowell and its Lihraiy. 295 

building, an effort will be made to secure full files of all Hallowell papers, 
and copies of all books printed at the Hallowell press, the establish- 
ment of which dates back to the year 1800. Many of the early books 
of the Harpers were printed at Hallowell, and books were also printed at 
this press for publishers in Boston. These books will most appropriately 
find a place in the " Hallowell alcove " of the library, and as every scrap 
of local bibliography is desired for it, it is the hope of the managers that 
contributions from old and present residents of Hallowell may be received 
for this special department. 

The first movers in the formation of the library were Mr. T. B. Brooks, 
the late Dr. Amos Nourse and Rev. Jonathan Cole. After it was estab- 
lished Mr. Brooks provided the room in which it was kept for the first ten 
years, acting as librarian himself for the greater part of that time, making 
the first catalogue, and giving, until he removed from Hallowell, much time 
and thought to its success. The service of Dr. J. De Wolfe Smith, as libra- 
rian, extended over a period of more than ten years, and for a considerable 
longer time he has given much effort to the library. His good judgment 
has been sought in the making of purchases, while in the classification of 
the books upon the shelves, and the preparation of the present catalogue, he 
has rendered most useful and efficient help. 

In 1866 a number of public spirited and energetic ladies of the city or- 
ganized a " Library Building Association," for the purpose of raising funds 
for the erection of a library building. The purpose, as set forth by this 
association in their declaration, was to erect a suitable building for the 
library, which when completed should be placed in the hands of trustees, 
to be held for the use of a public library so long as one shall exist in Hal- 
lowell, and in case of its extinction to be used for some other public lite- 
rary purpose ; and in no ca^e was the building to become private property. 
or fail to be used for purposes in keeping with the inteution of the donors, 
for the good of the public. This building association, through a soliciting 
committee, soon raised by subscription the sum of $2,300 from former and 
present residents of Hallowell ; and anions those now residing abroad who 
have given sums of $50 and upwards for this purpose are the following : 
The Merricks, of Philadelphia ; Mr, and Mrs. J. A. Vaughan, Philadel- 
phia ; Mr. B. Vaughan, Mr. "William Vaughan, Cambridge, Mass. ; Mr. 
Edward Page, Robert Smith, Esq., Mr. E. Gilman, Mrs. Fletcher, and 
Mrs. Francis, Boston, Mass. ; Alden Sampson, Esq., Thomas B. Merrick, 
Esq., Thomas H. Hubbard, Esq., Mr. George Sampson.. Mr. E. P. Samp- 
son, and Mrs. Henry Sampson, New York. N. Y. ; J. Gilman, Esq., and 
Mr. George Nye, Baltimore, Md. ; Hon. J. Young Scammon, Mr. Benja- 
min Page and Mr. William Sprague, Chicago ; Mr. John Merrill, San 
Francisco, Cal. ; Mrs. I. Washburn, Worcester, Mass. ; Mr. Frank Water- 
house, Newton, Mass. ; Mr. Edward Eastman, U. S. Consul to Cork, and Mrs. 
Charlotte Sewall Eastman, Venice, Italy. In addition to the above, many of 
the present residents of Hallowell have given liberally in amounts varying 
from $10 to 8300 for this purpose ; and the sum thus secured was added 
to from time to time by the proceeds of lectures and literary entertain- 
ments provided by the ladies in furtherance of their work. 

Feeling that a sufficient amount had been secured to warrant a com- 
mencement upon the building, work was begun in the spring of 1879, the 
stone for the walls being of Hallowell granite, the gift of Hon. J. R. Bod- 
well, of Hallowell, the Hallowell Granite Company being contractors for 
the erection of the building and grading of the grounds. The building 

I 



296 Hallowell and its Library. [July, 

is of pure Gothic style, from designs by Mr. A. C. Currier, a na- 
tive of Hallowell, who during its erection has given much time to many 
artistic details, which add greatly to the beauty of the building. It occu- 
pies a site at the corner of Second and Union Streets. The size of the 
interior is 21 h by 41. y feet, with an entrance porch 6 by 10 feet, the height 
of the walls being 15 ft. 9 in. The roof-interior is finished in open or tim- 
bered truss of hard pine ; the wainscoting and all interior finishing is of 
ash with black walnut mouldings, and the elaborate laced windows are of 
Scotch cathedral glass. Alcoves are constructed on each side of the room, 
but no shelving is allowed upon the walls. The shelves in the alcoves are 
moveable, after the pattern of the Boston Public Library, and its present 
shelving capacity is seven thousand volumes. As the library increases, a 
gallery can be provided and the capacity increased to twenty thousand vol- 
umes. It is provided with furniture in ash after designs furnished by Mr. 
Currier, all the designs of the wood-work and frescoing of the interior 
being unique and harmonious. As work upon the building progressed sub- 
scriptions kept coming in, the latest being one of $500 from an unknown per- 
son in Boston, Mass., a cashier's check for that amount having been forward- 
ed to the committee accompanied by a note signed " Stranger." This ena- 
bled the building committee to give some elaborate finishing touches to the 
work, although there is now upon the building a debt of $^>00. It is one 
that will always be an ornament to the city, and a high credit to the follow- 
ing named ladies forming the Building Association, who have alone done 
the largest part of the labor of canvassing for funds : President, Mrs. 
J. DeAVolfe Smith ; Treasurer, Miss Mary E. Moody ; Secretary, Miss 
Annie F. Page; Executive Committee, Miss Lucy Emmons, Miss E.G. 
Hubbard, Mrs. H. F. Harding, Miss H. S. Morgridge, Miss S. B. Gilman. 
Mrs. Smith and Miss Hubbard have deceased since the work of the Asso- 
ciation was commenced. 

On occupying the new library building, dedicatory exercises were held 
March 9, 1880, at which time, iu addition to singing, a prayer was offered 
by Ivev. C. A. A\hite, of Hallowell ; an address appropriate to the occasion 
was pronounced by Rev. Henry V. Emmons, and a poem, •' Hallowell 
Hil.s," was read by Mrs. Emily Huntington Nason, the gifted Hallowell 
poet. The keys of the building were then presented by Maj. E. Powell in 
behalf of the Ladies' Building Association, to Judge H. K. Baker, represent- 
ing the Trustees of the library, and by him turned over to Miss Page, the 
librarian. The address and poem, with an account of the library building, 
are soon to be published as a memorial volume, which will possess an in- 
terest to all lovers of local history. 

The good influence of the library upou the social, and intellectual, and 
moral life of the town is most plainly noticeable. There exists in Hallo- 
well society a unity of action, simplicity of manners and absence of caste, 
indicating high intelligence, a cultured thought, and harmony of effort for 
the public good, which is truly ennobling. The people, regardless of party 
or creed, have worked heartily together for the growth of the library — the 
soul of the town — and for fcne erection of the beautiful building that is to 
hold it. Upon this common ground all have met, and all have worked ; 
but it is only just to say that the ladies have worked most and worked, best, 
and that the tangible things which have come of it are the results of their 
earnestness and devotion to a high purpose. Now let them take another 
step forward and make the library as free to all its citizens as the air they 
breathe. And when the city assumes its care, and makes liberal appropri- 



1880.] Rev, S. DanfortKs Records, Roxbury. 297 

ations for its enlargement from year to year — as it will do, I am sure, if 
the ladies obtain petitions asking for it — the library will then become, as it 
properly should, the completion and crowning agency in the free, public 
educational system for the masses. 



REV. SAMUEL DAXFOKTH'S RECORDS OF THE FIRST 
CHURCH IN ROXBURY, MASS. 

Communicated by William B. Tkasx, Esq., of Bostou, 
[Continued from pnge 166.] 

7 th 6 m 67. About two of y e clock in y e Morning, my honoured Father, 
m r John Wilson, Pastour to y e church of Boston, aged about 78 yeares & 
an half, a man eminent in Faith, love, humility, self-denyal, prayer, sound- 
nes of minde, zeal for God, liberality to all men, esp'ly to y e s t3 & ministers 
of christ, rested from his labors & sorrowes, beloved & lamented of all, and 
i very honourably interred y e day following.* 

28. 8 m 67. About break of y e day there happened dreadfull thunder & 
lightning, whereby an Hay cock of 4 Loads of Hay belonging to Robt. 
Seaver, was fired in our Marishes & burnt up. 

5 th 9 m . A day of pnblick Thanksgiving vnto God for y e Continuance of 
o'r peace & liberties. The Day before God sent vs tidings of the Cessatio. 
of war & y e Conclusion of peace betw. England & y e neighbouring Nations.]' 
viz Capt. Martyn, and y e week after both y e Prontz cc Harrison, & Skar- 
let & a while after Christopher Clark. 

4 th 10 ra . A Pnblick Fast+ throughout y e Jurisdictio. 

ll m . Strange noises were heard in y c air like guns, drums, vollies of 
g 1 shot at Waymouth, Hingham &c. 

This winter many women died in childbirth not being aide to be deliv'd, 
as [blank] Craft, § Alice Davis, || in our Town, and severall in other 
Townes. 

29 th 12 1 " 67. There appeared a Coma or blazing Stream w ch shone fro 
y c western horizon & extended to a small star in y e river Kridanus, but y e 
Head or star itself was occult & hidden by reason of its propinquity to y e 
Sun.H 

* Rev. Richard Mather, of Dorchester, who was so soon to follow, preached Mr. "Wil- 
son's funeral sermon. 

t France and Holland. 

j " For Christophers Island, and to obtain blessings for ourselves and England. Many 
wished it might be changed to a day of thanks." — Hull. 

$ John Crafts, of Roxbury, eldest son of Griffin and Alice Crafts, born in Roxbury, 
July 10, 1G30, the earliest birth on the records of the town, in June 7, 1651, Rebecca Whec- 
lock. (Savage says, " Probably dau. of Ralph.) She died Nov. 1667, as above, buried 
Nov. 24, and Mr. C. m. March 30, 1669, Mary Hudson, of Lynn. 

|| William Davis, of Roxbury, thought by Mr. Savage to be a brother of Richard and 
Tobias, had for his second wife Alice Thorp, whom he married Oct. 21, 165S; "she died 
in 1667, probably soon after the birth of Jonathan, 23 Feb. of that year." 

% Increase Mather says: " A. I). 1667. Feb. 15. A Comet was "seen onlv the Coma and 
not the star could be by us discerned by reason of its being in the sign Pisces, where the 
sun then was. Its Longitude above thirty Degrees. March 1. Its cxtream point reached 
to that Star in Eridanus, which is called the fourteenth bv Baycrus. March 2. it passed 
through the 15 Star in Eridanus and left to the Southward the 14th. tending to the South- 
ern Star which precedes the Ear of Lepus, so that it was more Northerly, and more East- 
erly then at first. Both in llabj and in Portugal it was observed at the same time, as with 
as in New- England. Also at Lions and several other places in France ; and yet (which is 



298 Rev. S. Danforth's Records, Roxbury. [J U ^J» 

This winter was very moderate, little snow or hard weather. 

1G68. 

26. l m 1668. A publiek Fast throughout y e Jurisdiction appointed by 
y e Council. 

3. 2 ra 68. An Earthquake* 

7 th 2 m 1668. m r Samuel Shepard Pastor to y e Church of Christ at 
Rowley, rested fro his labors. f 

14 & 15. 2 m 68. A publiek Disputation by order of y e Council for y e 
Conviction of Tho. Goole, John Farnham sen. Tho. Osborn & their Com- 
pany, who schismatically withdrew from y e Comunion of these churches & 
set up another assembly in y a way of Anabaptism & boldly intermeddled 
with those institutions of y e L d Jesus, w eh are proper to office trust, show- 
ing that their practice is not justifiable by y e word of God nor to be allowed 
by y e government of this Jurisdiction. -t 

14. 2 m 68. m r Thomas More's Vessel cast away at Cape-Cod in y e 
storm, w rin 4 persons perished, and much wealth lost.§ 

27. 2 m 68. m r Henry Flint, Teacher to y e church at Braintrey, aged 
61, deceased. 

29. 2 m ; The general Court of Elections. This Court banished Tho. 
Gool, John Farnham & [William] Turner, schismatical Anabaptists. 

22. 3 ni . A frost, w r by y e Corn & fruit suffered Damage. Tidings came 
concerning y c Burning of y e Bridge at Barbados. jj 

16. 3 m 68. There were prodigies seen in y e heaven in y e night before y 8 
Lords day by 500 p'le, in this forme, -j- \^. This spring was a time of 
much infirmity & sicknes, many were visited with feavers, & some dyed. 

3 d 4 m 6$. One Stratton at Boston stabbed & murdered himselfe. It 
pleased God to restrain the Palmer worm auiougst vs in y e Bay & to spare 
o r fruit trees. 

15. 4 m 63. John, y e son of John Gorton about 12 yeares old,H going 

very strange) it was not observed at Paris, nor at London or in any part of England. The 
London Gazette saith, that March 17. at Venice they observed a Coraet to the North-East, 
the tail of it much longer then that which appeared three years since, but of less bright- 
ness, and that it was seen late in The night." 

Hull, in his Diary, writes : " 18th of 12th. A comet was s© n in the south-west, much 
like a bundle of twigs or a rod; no star discerned with it. Appeared about seven o'clock 
in the evening; went down before ten o'clock. It was seen but three cr four nights, we 
supposed partly by reason of dark weather, and also because of the new moon. At the first 
night, it gave a pretty great light." — Register, ix. 43, 44. 

* 166S, April 3. " Was an earthquake about nine in the morning, very sensibly to be dis- 
cerned, yet without any noise. Its continuance was about two minutes." — Hull, Regis- 
ter, ix. 44. 

f His wife died about two months before him. — 25. 

X This public dispute with the Anabaptists was conducted on the part of the associated 
churches by six ot their ministers, appointed by the Governor and Council, namely, Revs. 
John Alien, of Boston; Thomas Cobbett, of Lynn; Samuel Danforth, of Roxbury; John 
Higginsoo, of Salem; Jonathan Mitchell, of Cambridge, and Thomas Shepard, of 
Cbarlestown. "Two days were spent," says Backus, "to little purpose — in the close, 
master Jonathan Mitchel pronounced that dreadful sentence against them in Deut. xvii. 8. 
to the end of the 12th. " 

§ " A controversy arose between Thomas Moore, the claimant and owner of the cargo, 
and Samuel Doty and others of Eastham, in regard to the salvage. An agreement was 
finally concluded Oct. 29, and sanctioned hv the court, touching the moneys recovered 
from the wreck." — Freeman's Hist. Cape Cod, i. 2G3. 

i! Bridgetown, the capital of Barhadoes, in the inmost part of Carlisle bay, was burnt 
down, according to Salmon, April 18, 1668. Hull, in his Diary : " April 18. The Bridge 
towne, at Barhadoes, was burned in the night in live hours." ' It suffered also greatly by 
fins in 1756, 1766 and 1767, but was afterwards rebuilt. The streets are broad, the houses 
high, the wharfs and quays convenient and the fort* strong. A college was erected there 
by the society for propagating the gospel, puisuant to the will of Cot. Carrington, who en- 
dowed it with 2ii0ui. a year. The town was torn from its foundation by a hurricane in the 
year 1780, in which many person.-? perished. 

^1 He was born iu Roxbury, January 16, lCJo. 



1880.] Rev. 8. DanfortVs Records, Roxbury. 299 

I into y* water to wash hims 1 * iii y e companie of several little boyes, was 
drowned & perished in y e river. 

16. 4. 68. After much dry weather, w ch scorcht y* fruits of y e earth, it 
pleased G d to send us rain, even showres of blessing. 

4 m 68. m r Tho. Wells of Hartford one of their Magistrates, fell down 
fro one of his cherri trees and so died.* 

6* o m 68. [blankj Robinson,f a brother of y* Ch. at Dorchester was 
drawn through by y e cog-wheel of his Mill & was torn in pieces & slain. 

9 th 5 m 68. m r Jonathan Mitchel, Pastor of y e Church at Cambridge 
rested from his labors. 

5 m 68. A Council of 4 churches called by y° Elder & major part of y 8 
church of Boston in reference to their dissenting Brethren. $ Their advice 
was to dismiss them in order to y e propagatio. of another church in Boston. 

13 th 8 ra 63. m r John Eliot juu. Pastor to y e Church at Cambridge- 
village rested fro his labors.^ 

17 th 8 m 68. John Web, alias, Everit, pursuing a Whale, was caught in 
y* rope, twisted about his middle, is being drawn into y e sea, was drowned. 

5. 9 m 68. One of Salem was Executed for murdering her childe, born 
in fornication. Doctor Emery & y e mother of y e woman sat upo y tt Gal- 
lows an Hour. 

9. 9. 68. m r Walfcam.§ y e minister at Marblehead, who died of an Apo- 
plexie, was buried. 

20. 9. 68. A notable conjunction of ?. & D wherein y r was a visible 
contact. 

9. 10 m 68. m r John Davenport was ordained Pastor to y° Church at 
Boston and m r James Allin was ordained Teacher. 

ll m 68. m r [blank] Wings Catch cast away at Cape Ann. 

13. ll m 68. Bro. James Humphryes]] was ordained Ruling Elder in 
Dorchester. 

25. l m 69. A Publick Fast throughout y* Colonic 

13. 2 m 69. A great Assemblie of Elders & Messengers of several 
Churches in y e Bay, who upon y e Call of y r Dissenting Brethren at 
Boston, met together to consider & advise y m what to do. They judged 
that the- Dissenting Brethren might seasonably make vse of their xtian 
libertie vnto a regular coalitio. in another cburch-body. . 

• See Bradstreet's Journal, Register, ix. 44. 

t This was doubtless William Robinson, who joined Dorchester church previous to Nov. 

j 4, 1639. He bought the Tide Mill in Dorchester, since known as "Tileston's Mill," of 

j Edward Breck, hut had disposed of the property previous to 1668, or some time hefore his 
death. A question has arisen as to whether Mr. Robinson may not have lost his life in the 
other " Dorchester Tide Mill," situated on the creek between Roxbury and Dorchester, 
near (l Black Neck," so called. Thomas Robinson— whether a relative of William or not 
I cannot tell — owned land near this mill. See Suffolk Deeds, i. 168, 335. Prudence Bridge, ' 
Wife of John Bridge, of Roxbury, was a daughter of the above William Robinson. 

t These were members of the First Church" who objected to giving a call to the Rev. John 
Davenport, of New Haven. The result of this dissatisfaction was the forming of a new 
church, the Third or Old South Church in Boston. It is a singular coincidence that the 
" Old South," like the First Church in Boston, was formed at Charlestown. It was found- 
ed in May, 1669. The Rev. Thomas Thatcher was its first pastor. Hull in his Diary 
(ArcIuBologia Americana, iii. 228), in his entry on the ordination of Messrs. Davenport and 
Allen over the First Church, states that " The dissenting brethren "—of the First Church, 
of whom Hull was one — " humbly, earnestly, and frequently entreated for their dismission 
before the ordination, but could not obtain it ; neither could they, without much trouble, 
enjoy communion at the table." Neither Emerson in his History of the First Church, nor 

I Wisacr in his History of the Old South Church, mentions a council at the dare in our text, 

: as given by Danforth, who had a personal knowledge of the matter. 

I $ William Walton, as it should be written, was the first minister of Marblehead. 

J] See a copy of the inscription on Mr. Humphrey's grave-stone, 1668, Register, ii. 383, 

vol. xxxiv. 27 



300 Rev. $. DanforWs Records, Jtoxbury. [July* 

22. 2 m 69. m r Richard Mather Teacher to y e Church at Dorchester, 
aged 73, rested from his labors & sorrowes, having been greatly & griev- 
ously afflicted with y 6 stone.* 

20. 2 m 69. m T John Reynerf senior dyed. 

12. 3 m 69. The Dissenting Brethren aforementioned, made a Secession 
fro y e church at Boston & gathered y m s. into a new ch. estate at Charls- 
town having the approbation of 7 of y e magistrates & y e right hand of 
fellowship fro y e Elder- & Messeng™ of 5 churches. 

26. 4 m (69)*. M r William Woodward, Minister of y e Gospel, dyed at 
Dedham. 

. This moneth several persons were cast away & drowned in their passage 
fro Martins Viueyard. In y e 5* moneth we had many showres & rain & 
much wet weather, esp'ly two great stormes of rain w ch raised great floods 
& drowned y e meadows in inland townes. 

5 m . m r Eleazar Mather Pastor to the church of x* at North- Hampton 
dyed. 

7 m . It was a very sickly time, many being visited with gripings, vomit- 
ing & flux, with a fever, which proved mortal to many infants & little 
children, esp'ly at Boston & Charlstown, and to some grown persons. 

17. 9 m 1669. A publick thanksgiving. 

20. 9 m 1669. An Earthquake. 

26. 9 ra 1669. m r Rich d Champney, one of the Ruling Elders at Gam- 
bridge, died. 

2. 12 m 1669. m r Benj. Bunkur Pastor to y e church at Maiden died. 

16. 12. 1669, m r Thomas Thatcher was ordained Pastor to y c 3 d church 
in Boston, and in r Rainsford Ruling Elder. 

This winter was very sharp & tedious, we had much snow & cold weather, 
y* wayes difficult & vnpassable. 

10. l m . A youth of Charlstown [blank] set up o Gallows, & had other 
corporal punishment for Attempting to comitt Buggery. 

Thomas HawlyJ a youth was drawn vnder both y e mill-wheeles, but one 
of y e ladders brake & so his life through Gods merciful providence was 
preserved. 

£® l m 13. m r John Davenport, Pastor to the first Church at Boston 
was taken with y° dead palsey on y e right side and 2 dayes after, viz on y e 
15 th of y e first moneth died, and was buried on y e 22 d of y e same. Aged 73. 

l m . m r Warham Pastor to y° church at Wiudsor died. 

70. 2 m ll d . m r Peter Oliver died and was lamented by all men. 

2 m 14 d . m r Howchin died.§ 

3 m 4 d . m r John Oxenb ridge wa3 ordained Pastor to y a first Church at 
• Boston, & mr John Wiswall Ruling Elder. 

70. 4 m 20 d . A solemn Council of 6 Churches, viz y 6 Elders & Messen- 
gers of y e first Church in Boston, of Roxbury of Dorchester waymouth, 
Cambridge & Watertown, met at Braintrey upon y e request of y e church 

* 23 (2) 69. " M r Mather ye teacher of this Church departed this lif about 10 of y* 
Clock on y* euening before being y e first teaching officer y* baud been taken away by death 
since y* first gathering of ye Church w c & is now 32 veers & 8 months Compleate." — Dorch. 
Church Records. " The church of Boston," savs John Hull, " would not let him into the 
doors, when he, with sundry others, waited with a letter from the council to them ; but the 
Lord soon opened his way into the church triumphant." 

t Of Dover church. 
+ 1 Thomas Hawley, son of Thomas, of Roxbury, born Oct. 8, 1651. 
/ 5 Jeremy Howchin, or Houchin, a tanner in Boston ; a man of distinction : will proved 
31 (3) 1670. 



1880.] John Churchill, of Portland, Conn, 301 

there, for y c hearing and healing of their Divisions & distractions in refe- 
rence to y e choice of Teaching Elders amongst them. 

70. jfm, 3 i%.3S The Fish in y e fresh Pond at Watertown in great abund- 
ance came to y e shore, faiat drooping, pining & dying, many scores of cart- 
loads were observed by y e shore on the south side of y e pond, but within 
4 or 5 dayes they were rotten & much consumed. 

A great drought this Summer : little rain fro y e time of y e Election vntil 
y e 9 th of 5 ra except a good shower on y e 9 ih of 4 m . else none but sprink- 
lings vntil y e 9 th of 5 m then G. sent a solid & soking rain. 

70. 7 m . manv visited w th A^ue & fever. 

70. 9 m . 24. A Day of publick Thanksgiving. 

A sad accident at Lancaster of a yong girle. 

A sad accident at Boston of a man that was shingling a house & fell 
dowu y e ladder & was killed. 

A sad accident at Woburn of three men y* were digging a well & y e 
earth caved in & swallow d up two alive & the third hardly escaped but was 
digged out, his head not being covered w 411 earth. 

4 A 12 m 70. m r Zacharie Sy mines Pastor to the church at Charlstown 
dyed. Fro 19 th of l m to y e 23 ta was rainie, stormie, & tempestuous 
weather. 

3 th 2 m 71. m r Francis Willoughbev Deputy Gov r , died, & was interred 
on 7 th of 2 m * 

S m 71. The first fortnight was rainie & wet weather. 

9. 4 m . A sweet and seasonable rain. 

11.4.71. Thomas lyons upou his repentance was absolved fro y c sen- 
tence of excofn. 

11. 5 m 71. m r Joshua Moody ordained Pastor to y church at Ports- 
mouth. 

12. 5 m 71. m r John Reyner ordained Pastor to the church at Dover. 
18. 5 m 71. A Council fro sev'all churches out of y e Bay met at Newbury. 
26. 6 ra 71. m r John Allin, Pastor of y e church at Dedham died & was 

interred y e 29 th of y e same. 

29. 6 m 71. mrs. Katharine Allin his wife died also, buryed iu the 
same grave by her husband. 

8 th 7 m 71. An Indian executed &, hung up in chaines for murdering an 
English maid at Woburn.| 

This summer many were visited with y e ague & fever. 

[To be continued.] 



JOHN CHURCHILL, OF PORTLAND. CONNECTICUT, AND 
HIS DESCENDANTS. 

By Frank F. Stare, Professional Genealogist, Middletown, Conn. 

1. John* Churchill, son of Nathaniel 1 and Mary (Hurlbut) Church- 
ill, was born at Wethersheld, Conn., January 10, 170">-6. and died at Port- 

* Noadiah Adams quaintly describes the manner of G>v. WlHough by 's funeral. Eleven 
foot companies were in attendance, ""with the doleful noise of trumpets and drums, in 
their mouramg posture, three thundering volleys of shot discharged, an>wered with the 
loud waring or the great ^runs, rending the heavens with noise at the loss of bo great a 
m:tn " — See Reojster, xkx. 67-"S. 

t Sec Drake's Biography and History of the Indians of North America, pilgc 263, and 
Appendix, 693, 699. 



302 John Churchill, of Portland, Conn. [July, 

land, Conn., April 13, 1793. About 1725 he removed to Portland, where 
he continued to reside, and was one of the organizers of the Congregational 
Church in that place. He marked June 8, 1727, Bethiah Stocking, who was 
born April 12, 1703, and died July 20, 1779. She was daughter of George 
and Elizabeth Stocking, of Middietown. Their children were : 

i. Mary, b. March 18, 17*28 ; d. July 30, 1798 : m. George Cooper, who 
was hapt. Feb. 23, 1721. sou of Thomas and Abigail (Whitmore) 
Cooper, of Middietown. They had five children : — I. Abigail? bapt. 
June 9. 1749, d. 1751. 2. Abigail* bapt. June 7, 1752. 3. G*:nrge? 
bapt. Jan. 20, 1754. 4. Mary* bapt. May 23, 1756. 5. Elizabeth* 
bapt. Nov. 11, 176C. 

ii. John, bapt. Jan. 25, 1720-30 ; d. June 2, 1753. 

iii. Hannah, bapt. April 11, 1731 ; d. June 12, 1810; m. Jo«iah Pelton, 
b. 1714-15, d. Feb. 2, 1792, son of John and Jemima Pelton, of 
Snybrook, Conn. Their children were : — 1. Jemima* bapt. Sept. 
1751. 2. Josiak? bapt. Jan. 21, 1753. 3. Prudence? bapt, April 

9, 1755. 4. Hannah. 4 bapt. 1760. 5. Moses* bapt. 1762. 6. Ph>- 
be? bapt. July 28, 1764. 7. A child. 4 bapt. March 30, 1765. 8. Mar- 
shall* bapt. "October 16, 1763. 9. Josias* bapt. April 5, 1772. 

10. John? 

2. iv. Joseph, bapt. Jan. 27, 1734. 

v. Lydia, bapt. May 23, 1737 ; d young. 

Yi. Elizabeth, bapt. June 16, 1747. 

vii. Lydia, bapt. June 16. 1747 ; m. Nathaniel Olcott. 

Yiii. Prudence, bapt. June 16, 1747. 

ix. Sarah, b. 1744 ; d. Sept. 11, 1828; m. Feb. 11, 1761, Elisha Hurlbnt. 
b. Dec. 20, 1741, d. Jan. 21, 1826, son of David. Jr. and Ruth 
(Belden) liurlbut, of Middietown. Children :—Jehiel* b. Sept. 10, 
1769. 2. Asa? bapt. Feb. 19, 1769. 3. Charles? bapt. Feb. 19, 
1769. 4. John Chiirchiil? bapt. July 5, 1772. 5 Seih? bapt. May 
21, 1775. 6. Sarah? bapt. June 1, 1777. 7. Bethiah? bapt. April 
23, 1780. 8. Jared? bapt. Oct. 13, 1782. 

2. Joseph 3 Churchill (John? Nathaniel 1 ), baptized Jan. 27,1734; 
died Dee. 19. 1797 ; married Sept. 4. 1754, Prudence Try on, born January 
25, 1731, died May 1, 1799. daughter of John and Esther Tryon, of Weth- 
ersfield, Conn. They had nine children ; 

i. Prcdence, b. May 13, 1755; d. Feb. 2i, 1808; m. Sept. 2. 1779. 
George Bush, b. June 11, 1756. d. March 3, 1843, son of Moses and 
Susannah (Johnson) Bush, of Portland, Conn. Children : — I. John 
Churchill? b. Aug. 10, 1780. 2. Joseph? bapt. June 24, 1789. 
3. Prudence* (twin), bapt. April 11, 1790. 4. Lucy* (twin), bapt. 
April 11, 1790. 

ii. John, b. Jan. 8, 1757. 

iii. Bethiah, b. Feb. 19. 1759; m. Jan. 26, 1784, B.-'n.jnniin Goodrich, 
b. . This family removed to Schenectady, N. Y. 

iv. Mary, b. April 10. 1761 ; d. 1833 ; m. July 2, 1777, J^e Plum; b. 
July 26, 1746 (?), d. June 6, 1811, son of Samuel (?) and Prudence 
(Ward?) Plum, of Middietown. They had three children : — 
X.Jesse? b. Feb. 7. 1779* 2. Elijah Tryon? b. Nov. 5, 1786. 
3. Bethiah? b. April 1, 1791. 

v. Joseph, b. .May 20, 1763. 

vi. Asel, bapt. June 21, 1765. 

vii. Asahel, bapt. May 21. 17«9. 

3. viii. Charles, b. June 12, 1769. 

4. ix. David, b. May 16, 1771. 

3. Charlks* Churchill (Joseph? John? Nathaniel 1 '), born June 12, 
1769; died April 21, 1840; m. Oct. 29, 1788, Ruth Chiprnan, born Jan. 
4, 1768, and died Jan. 11, 1349. Chddren: 



1880.] John~ Churchill, of Portland, Conn. 303 

5. i. John, b. July 28, 1789. 

ii. Melantha, b. Sept. 11, 1791 ; m. Benjamin Goodrich. 

6. iii. Alfred, b. Jan. 26, 1794. 

iv. Laura, b. July 25, 1797 ; d. June 20, 1815. 
v. Ruth, b. Aug. 29. 1799 ; d. Dec. 30, 1818. 

7. vi. Charles, b. Jan. 29, 1S02 

vii. Joseph Bush, b. July 5, 1801 ; d. Aug. 11, 1805. 

viii. Joseph Bush, b. Feb. 21. 1807 ; d. Feb. 16, 1824. 

ix. Prudence, b. Dec. 23, 1809 : m. Feb. 26, 1S29, Erasmas Gladwin, b. 
Oct. 19, 1801, son of James and Margaret (Tripp) Gladwin, of 
Haddam,Ct. Children :— 1. Juseph Churchill. 6 2. Leora. 6 3. Fred- 
erick Erasmus * 

4. Capt. David 4 Churchill (Joseph? John? Nathaniel}), born May 
16, 1771 ; died May 19, 1821 ; m. Oct. 1-4, 1792, Jerusha Ufford, born 
April 25, 1771, died Oct. 16, 1805, daughter of Eliakirn and Christian 
(White) Ufford, of Portland. Their children were: 

i. George Washington, b. Sept. 28, 1793 ; d. May 9, 1801. 

ii. Maria, b. Sept. 29, 1795 ; d. May 3, 1796. 

8. iii. Henky Ufford, b. June 30, 1797. 

9. iv. David Dickinson, b. Jan. 31, 1800. 

v. Mary, b. May 2, 1803 ; d. March 27, 1868 : m. June 25, 1826, Sam- 
uel Cooper Hall, b. Sept. 8, 1799, d. Oct. i852, son of William C. 
and Olive (Cooper) Hall, of Middletown, Conn. No children. 
Mrs. Hall's funeral was attended at the same time and place as her 
brother's, Capt. Henry IT. Churchill, No. 8. 
vi. George, b. Sept. 26, 1805. 

Capt. David Churchill married second, Betsey Griffin, and had : 

vii. Ebenezer. b. 1807 ; d. Sept. 10, 1815. 

viii. William, b. 1811 ; d. Oct. 15, 1815. 

ix. Elizabeth Prudence, m. Lucius Smith, of Brooklvn, L. I. 

i. Anna Maria, b. Sept. 17, 1817 ; d. June 7, 1865 : m. Oct. 9, 1850, 
John Frelin^buysen Schenck, M.D., b. June 6, 1799, son of Henry 
H. and Nellie (Hardenbur<;h) Schenck, of Fleniington, N. J. Their 
children are : — 1. Griffin Churchill 6 2. Charles Edward. 6 3. Mary 
Elizabeth 6 

5. John 5 Churchill (Charles? Joseph? John? Nathaniel}) was born 
July 28, : 789, and died Feb. 27, 1875; m.' July 1, 1809, Emily Wilcox, 
b. June 17, 1792, daughter of Asahel and Lucy (Crittenden) Wilcox, of 
Portland. Their children were : 

i. John. 

ii. Frederick A. 

iii. Sylvester. 

iv. Laura E. 

v. Lucy W. 

vi. Ruth C. 

vii. Joseph. 
viii. Emeline P. 

ix. Eunice V. 

6. Alfred* Churchill (Charles? Joseph? John? Nathaniel}), horn 

Jan. 26, 1794 ; died April 1, 1855 ; m. Oct. 3, 1813, Sally Hall, b. , 

d. Sept. 9, 1864, daughter of David and Lucia Hall, of Portland, CoDn. 
Children : 

i. Sally Maria. 
ii. William H. 

7. Charles* Churchill (diaries? Joseph? John? Nathaniel}), born 
Jan. 29, 1SU2 ; died Aug. 19, 1841 ; m. Lucy Taylor, of Glastenbury, 
Conn. Children : 

vol. xxxiv. 27* 



304 Petition of Friends, in France, [July, 



i. Mary Hannah. 

ii. Charles Russell. 

iii. Edwin Franklin. 

iv. Hannaii. 

v. Joseph Miles. 

8. Capt. Henry Ufford 5 Churchill (David* Joseph? John? Nathan- 
iel}), born June 30, 1797; d. March 30, J 868; m. June 30, 1817, Emily 
Green Hali, b. June 3, 1797, d. July 9, 1874, daughter of Joel and Lucy 
(Brown) Hall, of Portland, Conn. Children : 

i. Jerusha Ufford. 

ii. Emily Hall. 

iii. Mary Brown. 

iv. Frances Matilda Gertrude. 

v. David. 

vi. Joel Hall. 

vii. Lucy Hall. 

viii. William Henry. 

ix. George Atwood. 

9. Capt. David Dickinson* Churchill (David,* Joseph, 9 John? Na- 
thaniel 1 ), born Jan. 31, 1800; died Aug. 21, 1844; m. July 21, 1831, 
Esther Patten Payne, daughter of John and Hannah (Hall) Payne, of 
Portland, Conn. Children : 

i. Julia Maria. 

ii. William Payne. 

iii. Ella. 

iv. Margaret. 

v. Elizabeth. 

vi. David Dickinson, dead. 



THE RESPECTFUL PETITION OF THE CHRISTIAN 
SOCIETY OF FRIENDS, CALLED QUAKERS. 

Presented to the National Assembly of France, by William 
Rotch, 2d Month, 10th, 1791. 

Communicated by Frederick C. Sanford, Esq., of Nantucket, Mass. 

IN the Register (xxxi. 262-4; xxxii. 36-42, 151-5, 271-4, 
389-94) will be found an autobiography of William Rotch. 
The manuscript from which it was printed contains an appendix of 
documents, one of which will be found in the last volume of the 
Register (xxxiii. 305-7). The following is another. Mr. Rotch 
in his autobiography (Register, xxxii. 389) narrates the occasion 
of presenting this petition. 

Respectable Legislators: 

The French Nation having appointed you her Legislators, 
and your hearts having been disposed to enact wise laws, we solicit 
the extension of your justice and benevolence to the society of peace- 
able Christians to which we belong. 

You know that in several States of Europe and North America, 



1880.] Petition oj Friends, in France. 305 

there are a great number of Christians known by the name of Qua- 
kers, who profess to serve God according to the ancient simplicity 
of the primitive Christian Church. 

Several towns and villages of Languedoc contain a number of 
families attached to this primitive Christianity. Many other fami- 
lies which came from America have settled at Dunkirk under the 
auspices of the late government, in consequence of the invitation 
given to the inhabitants of Nantucket, for the purpose of extending 
the French fisheries. These islanders have proved themselves wor- 
thy of your kindness by their success, and the same motives will 
induce them to continue to deserve it. 

Concerns, however, of far greater moment have this day brought 
us before you. 

In an age signal for the increase of knowledge, you have been 
struck with this truth, that conscience, the immediate relation of 
man with his Creator, cannot be subject to the power of man, and 
this principle of justice hath induced you to decree a general liberty 
for all forms of worship. This is one of the noblest decrees of the 
French Legislature. You have set a great example to the Nations 
which continue to persecute for religion, and sooner or later we hope 
they will follow it. 

We have come to implore the spirit of justice, that we may be 
8ufFered, without molestation, to conform to some principles and to 
use some forms to which the great family of Friends, called Qua- 
kers, have been inviolably attached ever since their rise. 

Great persecutions have been inflicted on us on account of one of 
those principles ; but to no purpose. Providence has enabled us to 
surmount them without violence. We mean the principle which 
forbids ur to take arms and kill man under any pretence, a princi- 
ple consistent with the Holy Scriptures. " Render not," said Christ, 
" evil for evil, but do good to your enemies." Would to Heaven 
this principle were universally adopted. All mankind, becoming one 
family, would be brethren, united by acts of kindness. 

Generous Frenchmen, you are convinced of this truth. You 
have already begun to reduce it to practice ; you have decreed never 
to defile your hands with blood in pursuit of conquest. This mea- 
sure brings you, it brings the whole world, one step nearer to uni- 
versal peace. You cannot therefore behold with an unfriendly eye 
men who accelerate it by their example. They have proved in 
Pennsylvania that vast establishments may be formed, raised and 
supported without military force, and without shedding human 
blood. We submit to your laws, and only desire the privilege of 
being here, as in other countries, the Brethren of all men, never to 
take up arms against any. England and the United States of 
America, where our brethren are far more numerous than in France, 
allow us peaceably to follow the great principle of our religion, nor 
do they esteem us useless members of the Community. 



306 Petition of Friends, in France, [July, 

We have another request to make, which we hope you will not 
refuse us, because it flows from those principles of justice to which 
you do homage. In our registers of Births, Marriages and Deaths, 
we have preserved the simplicity of the primitive Church. Our 
maxims forbid useless forms, and limit us to those which are neces- 
sary for ascertaining the terms of human life consistently with the 
good order of society. We request that our simple registers may 
be deemed sufficient to legalize our marriages and births, and au- 
thenticate our deaths, by causing a declaration to be made before a 
magistrate. 

Finally, we request that we may be exempted from all oaths, 
Christ having expressly forbidden them in these words, " You have 
heard that it hath been said by them of old time, perform thine 
oaths, but I say unto you, Swear not at all, but let your yea be yea, 
and your nay, nay." 

Wise Legislators, you are persuaded, as well as we, that an oath 
is no assurance of sincerity, that it can give no additional force to 
the declaration of an honest man, and doth not deter a perjurer. 
You admit that an oath is but a peculiar way of making a declara- 
tion, as it were a peculiar mode of spe